The physical police verification for getting a passport may soon be dispensed as the government plans to connect the procedure with the Crime and Criminal Tacking Network and System Project (CCTNS).
- The Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems Project (CCTNS) is expected to link with the passport service of the Ministry of External Affairs.
- It will replace physical police verification for passport applicants with online verification in a year.
- Ministry of Home Affairs conceptualized CCTNS project as a Mission Mode Project under the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP).
- The project was first conceptualized by the previous UPA government in 2009
- The National Criminal Information Infrastructure Protection Centre had been roped in for the task.
What is CCTNS?
- CCTNS is an exhaustive national database of crimes and criminals that will check the antecedents of applicants at the click of a mouse, was expected to be linked with the passport service of the External Affairs Ministry.
- CCTNS is a project under Indian government for creating a comprehensive and integrated system for effective policing through e-Governance.
- The project is being implemented by the National Crime Record Bureau.
- CCTNS has enabled 13,775 out of 15,398 police stations to enter 100 per cent data into the software.
- As of now the CCTNS national database has around 7 crore data records pertaining to past and current criminal cases
- CCTNS aims at creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing at all levels through the adoption of e-governance.
- It will minimize contract of an individual with police and reduce time for getting passport.
- This project will interconnect about 15,398 police stations and 5,000 offices of supervisory police officers across the nation.
- The mandate of the CCTNS had been expanded by incorporating citizen-centric services such as tenant verification, quick registration of FIR in any crime and connecting the network with criminal justice delivery system.
- It will digitize data related to FIR registration, investigation and charge sheets in all police stations.
- The full implementation of the project with all the new components would lead to a Central citizen portal having linkages with State level citizen portals that will provide a number of citizen friendly services
- The total outlay for the project is 2000 crore rupees, and also includes Operation and Maintenance phase for additional five years up to March 2022.
- Facilitate interaction and sharing of information between police establishments in the country
- Automation and computerization of FIRs
- Make police functioning citizen friendly
- Provide latest information technology to investigating officers
- Improve police functioning in Law & Order; Traffic Management
- Keep track of the progress of Cases, including in Courts
- Reduce manual and redundant Records keeping
- Easy access to police services.
- Improve investigation system in the country.
- The project will also be integrated with e-courts & e-prison applications so that all three systems are inter-linked.
The CCTNS system has its own advantages for all stakeholders in law & order.
- For senior officers, it provides an online monitoring system for effective supervision and a real time analysis of crime reports.
- For investigating officers, it provides access to information on crimes and criminals.
- It also envisages integration of Forensic labs, Finger Print Bureaus, Police Control Rooms and Police stations.
- For junior police staff, it provides one time data entry of information and real time generation of reports and records.
- For citizens, it provides ability to online register complaints and grievances. They can download various forms and initiate verification of servants, tenants, senior citizen registrations etc.
- Significant reduction in maintenance of manual records/register.
- Elimination of duplicate and inconsistent record keeping.
- Timely information sharing for crime detection and thereby better convictions, crime prevention, leading to better law and order situation and internal security
Problems in implementation:
There are several problems with the implementation as follows:
- Police, Law and Order is a state subject in India; and systems across States are not uniform.
- Under CCTNS, each state needs to prepare and finalize the Request for Proposal (RFP) for selection of a State System Integrator (SI).
- State System Integrator is basically a firm or individual who works as nodal point of contact and accountability for the implementation, integration and performance of CCTNS.
- Many of the states have delayed the selection of SIs.
- There has been delay in establishment of the National Data Centre.
- The core applications which were developed originally needed frequent updates and changes because of performance issues and additional requirements.
- The commissioning of WiMax and VSAT sites got delayed.
The project will help in creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing