- In the introduction you can narrate in detail the importance of sustainable development goals in the current simplex content in world scenario.
- In the first half you can elaborate on the measures taken by India successfully linking the two.The measures taken are:-
- More focus on renewable energy by leadership role in International solar alliance formation – a step towards UNSC permanent membership.
- Issues in WTO regarding good stockholding- gaining support from global south.
- To become economic power what sustainable goals India is working on like skill development ,make in India etc.
- To address gender parity and equity goal of SDG measures are being taken.Mention them.
- Goal of connectivity and reducing inequalities addressed via some international projects like BBIN,BCIM road.
- Ratifying various international protocols and conventions keeping in mind the sustainable development goals.
- Bring reforms in urban cities .
- Role of NITI Aayog.
- However some concerns still remain like :-
- The reports of the working of the SDG show India is lacking in many areas like poverty,education ,health etc without which it cannot reach its global ambitions.
- Jobless growth and underemployment on rise.
- Lack of financials sources for critical areas like education, health etc.
- Lack of water efficiency and water crisis.
- Suggest some measures on how India can sustain its SDG efforts to realise global ambitions like :-
- More emphasis on gaining global leadership in important organisations.
- Measures needed in multiple fields like education,health,eradicating poverty and malnutrition,skill development etc can be elaborated further.
- In the introduction you can elaborate on how floods and natural disasters are rising over the years and some facts showing the data.
- In the impact you need to emphasise on how bad is the impact from multiple dimensions like the economic,environmental etc.Some of the points that need emphasis are :-
- Loss of life,property and human resources.
- Fertile land inundation.
- Destruction of infrastructure.
- Financial resources needed adequately which could have otherwise been spent on social infrastructure.
- Loss of human capital
- Purchasing capacity sinks
- Epidemic outbreaks
- Has the the impact reduced from before or not like
- Relative economic damage has reduced down than before
- Now public utilities are more affected rather than crops which was the phenomenon earlier
- States overestimate damages to gain relief funds from centre as well.
- In the conclusion mention some ways to be taken so that impact can be reduced like increased monitoring and flow of information ,use of technology,urban planning,strong focus on preventive a and early warning systems etc
UPSC Previous Year Question Paper
- In the introduction you can generally give a overview of the role played by women in the freedom struggle as a whole by mentioning some important women personalities like Rani Lakshmi bai,Annie Besant,Sarojini Naidu etc.
- You can emphasise on social,economic,political and other dimensions in your answer.Some aspects that need emphasis are:-
- Political:-Home rule movement,political organisation formed in India and abroad and their impact
- Social-How women leaders tried to reduce gender discrimination,promote girl education,widow remarraiges,protesting against child marriages etc.
- Revolutionary leaders- role of women in Chittagong uprising,Hindustan socialist republic association etc.
- Tribal women leaders especially Rani Gaidinilu
- Role in developing communication and role in media
- In the conclusion you can summarise the points already written.
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