Here is the 4th Mains Marathon Sociology Optional Test.

Sociology Optional Study Plan Mains Marathon


  1. Rural and Agrarian Social structure
  2. Tribal Communities
  3. Social Classes in India

Time: 3 hours

  • 20 questions
  • Questions include both 20 and 10 markers
  • Questions have been jumbled up to facilitate smart time management
  • 1 question from Thinkers
  • 1 application-based question
  • 1 question from current affairs (Sociological analysis)

1. There are reports of discrepancies in Socio-economic caste census, BPL list etc. Do you think ‘village studies’ can help address such concerns? Elucidate. 20 Marks

2. How does the current social structure of Indian village differ from that observed by M.N Srinivas and S.C Dube? 20 Marks

3. How can Mead’s concept of self and identity be applied to study students’ suicide in Kota? 10 Marks

4. N Srinivas considers village as the microcosm of Indian Society. Explain. 10 Marks

5. Write a short note on impact of digitization on village community. 10 Marks

6.India is currently witnessing second round of social change brought about by Green revolution. Comment. 10 Marks

7. Write a note with sociological perspective on farm loan waivers currently being undertaken by different states in India. 20 Marks

8. How did the idea of scheduled tribes emerge in India? 10 Marks

9. Write a note on geographical distribution of Indian tribes. Illustrate each zone with suitable examples. 20 Marks

10. Discuss the problems of ageing among the emerging urban middle class. 10 Marks

11. “The soil grows castes, the machines make classes.” Examine. 20 Marks.

12. Caste has tended to become ‘invisible’ for the upper caste, urban middle class and upper classes. Examine. 20 Marks

13. Write a short note on tribal identity today. What are the factors behind assertion of tribal identity today? 20 Marks

14. N Srinivas’ concept of dominant caste was mostly related to agrarian society. Do you think this concept exists in service sector of economy? Explain. 20 Marks

15. “I am convinced that if India is to attain true freedom, and through India the world also, then sooner or later the fact must be recognized that people have to live in villages, not in towns…”, wrote Mahatma Gandhi. Do you agree? 20 Marks

16. 1960s saw the first round of serious village studies in India. Do you think it is high time we undertake another round of village studies? Give sociological arguments in your favour. 20 Marks

17. Social structure means a patterned set of interactions among people. Same set of people give rise to social structures differently in villages and in cities. Examine 10 Marks.

18. Sociological theories are often grouped into two categories- Marxists and non-Marxists. Why is Marxism a benchmark so far as sociological analysis is concerned? 10 Marks

19. Write a short note on weekly tribal market as a social institution. 20 Marks.

20. Tribes are known for their egalitarian social structure. However, there are reports of class-based stratification slowly rising among them. Explain the reasons and consequences of this development. 20 Marks

All Mains Marathon Optional Questions are updated in this page.


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