21st VARUNA Naval Exercise between India and France begins

Source: The post is based on the article “21st VARUNA Naval Exercise between India and France begins” published in PIB on 8th September 2023

What is the News?

The 21st edition of Exercise Varuna (Varuna-23) between the Indian and French Navy was conducted in the Arabian Sea.

What is Exercise Varuna?

Type: Bilateral Naval Exercise 

Countries Involved: India and France.

Started in: 1993.The exercise was named ‘VARUNA’ in 2001.

Aim: To provide an opportunity to learn from each other’s best practices and procedures and to facilitate operational level interaction between the two Navies.

What are the other exercises between India and France?

Exercise Garuda: It is a bilateral exercise between the Indian and French Air Force.The first edition of the exercise was held in 2003.

Exercise SHAKTI: It is a biennial military exercise conducted between India and France.It was first conducted in the year 2011.

Exercise La Pérouse: It is a multilateral maritime exercise led by the French Navy. The Indian Navy participated in this exercise for the first time in 2021.

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