According to a report by UNESCO and the Tata
Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), only 61% children with disabilities
between ages 5 and 19 attend any educational institution. The report is based
on 2011 Census data.
Report states that 12% of disabled children had
dropped out. 27% of the disabled children had never attended any educational
institution at all.
The report has also noted that there are fewer
girls with disabilities in school than boys.
Further, there are variations among various
types of disabilities. Only 20% of children with visual and hearing impairments
had never been in school. However, 50% of children with multiple disabilities
or mental illness never attended school
Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016
mandates that every child with benchmark disability between the age group of 6
and 18 years shall have the right to free education.
It further states that Government funded
educational institutions as well as the government recognized institutions will
have to provide inclusive education to the children with disabilities.
The report notes that there is incoherence between
RTE Act, 2009 and Disability Act 2016. The Right to Education Act mandates
enrolment, but not the provision of resources needed for the actual education
of a child with disabilities.
Thus, the report has recommended that there
should be amendments to the RTE Act, 2009 to make it align with the Right of
Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.