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Source: The post is based on the article “3 out of 4 rural homes without piped drinking water: NSSO” published in TOI on 15th March 2023
What is the News?
The National Sample Survey Office(NSSO) has released the findings of the Multiple Indicator Survey(MIS).
What is a Multiple Indicator Survey(MIS)?
Multiple Indicator Survey(MIS) was part of the 78th round of the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO).
Objective: 1) To collect information for developing estimates of some important Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicators and 2) To collect information on Migration.
What are the key findings of the survey?
Drinking water: Less than a quarter of rural households and under two-thirds of urban ones in India reported having piped water for drinking in their houses or yard.
– Although penetration of piped drinking water is abysmal in many states, more than 95.7% of people reported having access to an improved source of drinking water.
– This is defined as water taken from packed bottles, piped water into a house, yard or from a neighbour, public tap, tube well, hand pump, covered well, tanker and so on.
Access to latrine: About 70% of the rural households reported having exclusive access to a latrine while 21. 3% reported having no access to a latrine, exclusive or otherwise.
Financial Inclusion: The survey confirms the progress in financial inclusion in India with nearly 90% of those surveyed reporting having an account individually or jointly with banks, other financial institutions or mobile money service providers.
Cooking: Almost half of the rural households are still using firewood as the primary source of energy for cooking.
Not in education, employment or training: During the time of the survey, 16.1% of males and 43. 8% of females aged 15-24 were neither studying nor working or being trained.