5 bacteria types claimed 6.8 lakh lives in India in 2019: Report

Source: The post is based on the article “5 bacteria types claimed 6.8 lakh lives in India in 2019: Report” published in TOI on 22nd November 2022.

What is the News?

According to a Lancet report, Bacterial Infections were the second leading cause of death worldwide.

What are the key findings of the report by Lancet?
Bacteria
Source: TOI

India: In India, five bacteria were responsible for at least 6.8 lakh deaths in 2019.

– The five deadly bacteria in India are led by Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter baumanii. 

– E Coli, which is associated with diarrhoea, urinary tract infection and pneumonia among others, claimed a maximum of 1.6 lakh lives in India.

Globally: An estimated 1.3 crore people died due to infections globally. Of these deaths, 77 lakh deaths were associated with the 33 bacterial pathogens included in the study with five bacteria alone connected to more than half of all deaths.

Age-wise: The pathogens associated with the most deaths differed by age. S. aureus was associated with the most deaths in adults aged over 15 years globally.

– The most deaths in children aged 5 to 14 years were associated with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi.

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