9 PM Current Affairs Brief – April 27th, 2020

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About 9 PM Brief- With the 9 PM Current affairs brief we intend to provide our readers daily free digest of articles and editorials from multiple sources which are usually left out by aspirants. This will provide you with analysis, broad coverage and factual information in all in one pill for your IAS and IFS preparation. Take this pill daily to learn more.

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UN75 Initiative

News:UN75 Initiative has released the findings from the first three months of Global Dialogue.


  • The UN75 Initiative was launched by the United Nations in 2019.
  • Aim:To build a global vision for the year 2045 by initiating a dialogue and action on how we can build a better world despite the many challenges we face.
  • The views and ideas that are generated through the dialogue will be presented during the 75th Session of the General Assembly in September 2020.

Additional Facts:

United Nations(UN):

  • UN is an international organization founded in 1945.It is currently made up of 193 Member States.
  • Aim:To maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations.
  • Six Principal Organs: General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice and the UN Secretariat.

Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator


  • Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator is a Global Collaboration to speed up the development, production of COVID-19 diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines and ensure equal access to treatments for rich and poor.
  • This initiative is led by the World Health Organization with a long list of countries, industry groups and nongovernmental organizations committed to joining the project.

Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary

News:National Board for Wild Life(NBWL) has recommended coal mining in a part of Dehing Patkai elephant reserve which includes the Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam.


  • The Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary is also known as the Jeypore Rainforest.It is located in the districts of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia in Assam.
  • Dehing is the name of the river that flows through this forest and Patkai is the hill at the foot of which the sanctuary lies.
  • Vegetation:It is a deciduous rainforest interspersed with semi-evergreen and lush green flora.
  • Habitat: Chinese pangolin, Flying fox, Rhesus macaque, Assamese macaque, Himalayan black bear, Lesser Adjutant Stork, White and Slender-billed Vulture, Leopard, Golden Cat, Jungle Cat and Marbled Cat.

Basava Jayanthi

News:The Prime minister has greeted the people on the occasion of Basava Jayanthi,the Birth anniversary of Lord Basaveshwara.


  • Basavanna was a 12th-century philosopher, founding saint of the Lingayat sect, Kannada poet and social reformer during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I in Karnataka.


  • He rejected gender or social discrimination, superstitions and rituals by advocating that every human being was equal, irrespective of caste and that all forms of manual labor was equally important.
  • Anubhava Mantapa(hall of spiritual experience):It was a public institution founded by Basavana to welcome men and women from all socio-economic backgrounds to discuss spiritual and mundane questions of life in open.
  • Literary works:He spread social awareness through poetry(Vachanas) such as Shat-sthala-vachana (discourses of the six stages of salvation), Kala-jnana-vachana (forecasts of the future) and Mantra-gopya.
  • He is known for introducing the Ishtalinga(a necklace with a pendant that contains a small Shiva Linga).


  • He was the first Kannadiga in whose honour a commemorative coin has been minted in recognition of his social reforms.
  • In 2015, Indian Prime Minister inaugurated his statue along the bank of the river Thames at Lambeth,London.

Rohtang Pass

News:The Border Roads Organisation(BRO) has opened the Rohtang Pass for transporting essential supplies and relief materials to the Lahaul and Spiti districts of Himachal Pradesh amid the lockdown.


  • Rohtang Pass is present on the Pir Panjal Range of Himalayas.It connects the Kullu Valley with Lahaul and Spiti Valleys of Himachal Pradesh.
  • The pass lies on the watershed between the Chenab and Beas rivers basins.
  • The Ravi river rises west of the Rohtang pass in the Kullu hills of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Atal Tunnel:It is an 8.8-kilometre-long under Rohtang Pass.It will become the world’s longest highway tunnel above 10,000 feet.

World Bank Migration and Development Brief

News:The World Bank has released its report “Migration and Development Brief”. It focuses on COVID-19 Crisis Through a Migration Lens.


  • The report is prepared by the Migration and Remittances Unit- the research and data arm of the World Bank.It is released twice a year.
  • Aim:To provide an update on key developments in the area of migration and remittance flows and related policies over the past six months.
  • It also provides medium-term projections of remittance flows to developing countries.

Additional Facts:

  • Remittances: It is a transfer of money often by a foreign worker to an individual in their home country.
  • Indiais the world’s biggest recipient of remittances.In 2019,India is estimated to have received $83.1 billion in remittances which is about 12% of the total expected global inflow.
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