Scheme extension to include all eligible farmer families irrespective of the
size of land holdings
Union Cabinet has approved to extend the ambit of the PM Kisan Samman
scheme can now be availed by all land holding eligible farmer families
(subject to the prevalent exclusion criteria) under the scheme
irrespective of the size of land holdings.
revised Scheme is now expected to cover around 2 crore more farmers
increasing the coverage of PM-KISAN to around 14.5 crore beneficiaries.
PM KISAN scheme was announced in the interim Budget 2019-20.The scheme
seeks to a) provide assured supplemental income to the most vulnerable
farmer families b) meet farmers emergent needs especially before the
the scheme,a direct income support of Rs 6,000/annum was provided to only
small and marginalised farmers.The financial assistance will be directly
transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiary in 3 equal
clears new initiative to control Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis
to support the livestock rearing farmers
Union Cabinet has cleared a new initiative to control Foot and Mouth
Disease(FMD) and Brucellosis to support the livestock rearing farmers.
entire cost of the scheme is to be borne out by the Central Government.The
scheme includes vaccination coverage to 30 crore bovines, 20 crore sheep
or goat, and 10 million pigs.
Brucellosis control programme will be extended to cover 100% vaccination
coverage of 3.6 crore female calves.
disease is an infectious and viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed
animals, including domestic and wild bovids.The virus causes a high fever
for two or three days followed by blisters inside the mouth and on the
feet that may rupture and cause lameness.
is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacterial genus Brucella.The
bacteria are transmitted from animals to humans by ingestion through
infected food products,direct contact with an infected animal or
inhalation of aerosols.It is also known as undulant fever, Malta fever,
and Mediterranean fever.
diseases are very common amongst the livestock – cow-bulls, buffaloes,
sheep, goats, pigs.If a cow/buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss
is upto 100% which could last for four to six months.
case of Brucellosis the milk output reduces by 30%, during the entire life
cycle of animal.Brucellosis also causes infertility amongst the animals.
The infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to the farm workers
and livestock owners.
clears pension scheme for traders
Union Cabinet has approved a new scheme that offers pension coverage to
the trading community.
pension scheme assures a minimum monthly pension of ₹3000 per month to
small shopkeepers, retail traders and the self-employed people after
attaining the age of 60 years.
scheme will be available to all small shopkeepers and self-employed
persons as well as the retail traders with Goods and Services tax(GST)
turnover below Rs. 1.5 crore and age between 18-40 years.
Government of India will make matching contribution in the subscribers’
account.The scheme is based on self-declaration as no documents are
required except Aadhaar and bank account.
persons can enrol themselves through more than Common Service Centres(CSC)
spread across the country.This scheme is expected to help more than 3
crore small shopkeepers and traders.
decision taken in the first Cabinet meeting of the NDA Government offers
pension coverage to crores of farmers
Union Cabinet has approved a new Central Sector Scheme to provide pension
cover to farmers.The pension scheme will be voluntary and contributory
scheme for all Small and Marginal Farmers (SMF) across the country.
will be an entry age of 18 to 40 years with a provision of minimum fixed
pension of Rs.3,000/- on attaining the age of 60 years.
beneficiary farmer is required to contribute Rs 100/ – per month at median
entry age of 29 years.The Central Government shall also contribute to the
Pension Fund an equal amount as contributed by the eligible farmer.
the subscriber’s death the spouse of the SMF beneficiary shall be entitled
to receive 50% of the pension received by the beneficiary as family
pension, provided he/she is not already an SMF beneficiary of the Scheme.
can opt to allow his/her monthly contribution to the Scheme to be made
from the benefits drawn from the PM-KISAN Scheme directly.
a farmer can pay his monthly contribution by registering through Common
Service Centres(CSCs) under Ministry of Electronics and Information
scheme is estimated to benefit 5 crore small and marginal farmers in the
first three years itself.This scheme in addition to PM-KISAN monetary
support will ease economic burden and lead to greater efficiency for
government has defined a small and marginal landholder family as the one
comprising of husband, wife and minor children up to 18 years of age, who
collectively own cultivable land up to 2 hectare as per the land records
of the concerned states.
Kasturirangan Committee submits the Draft National Education Policy to the
Union HRD Minister
K. Kasturirangan Committee has submitted the Draft National Educational
Policy to the Ministry of Human Resource Development((MHRD).
Draft Policy has recommended extension of Right to Education Act 2009 to
cover children of ages 3 to 18 which currently applies to the age group of
6-14.It has also proposed to rename MHRD as Ministry of Education (MoE).
draft policy also proposes a 5+3+3+4 curricular and pedagogical structure
based on cognitive and socio-emotional developmental stages of children
which are (a)Foundational Stage (ages 3-8 yrs): 3 years of pre-primary plus
Grades 1-2 (b)Preparatory Stage (8-11 years): Grades 3-5 (c)Middle Stage
(11-14 years): Grades 6-8 and (d)Secondary Stage (14-18 years): Grades
draft policy also proposes the Establishment of a Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog
(National Education Commission) as a constitutional body with the Prime
Minister as its Chairperson.Further,Rajya Shiksha Ayog/State Education
Commissions may be constituted in each state.
draft policy has proposed the restructuring of higher education
institutions with three types of higher education institutions (a)Type 1:
Focused on world-class research and high quality teaching (b)Type 2:
Focused on high quality teaching across disciplines with significant
contribution to research and (c)Type 3: High quality teaching focused on
policy has proposed the establishment of National Research Foundation
which will be an apex body for creating a strong research culture and
building research capacity across higher education.
has also proposed the four functions of Standard setting, Funding,
Accreditation and Regulation to be separated and conducted by independent
bodies (a)National Higher Education Regulatory Authority as the only
regulator for all higher education including professional education (b)Creation
of accreditation eco-system led by revamped NAAC (c)Professional Standard
Setting Bodies for each area of professional education and (d)UGC to
transform to Higher Education Grants Commission (HEGC).
identifies ‘coterie’ that defrauded IL&FS
Fraud Investigation Office(SFIO) has charged the erstwhile top management
members of the ILFS of forming a coterie with its auditors and independent
directors to defraud the company while running the ILFS as their personal
means a small group of people with shared interests or tastes, especially
one that is exclusive of other people.
said that coterie abused their position by getting an earlier loan
facility for a borrower closed and creating a fresh facility which was
again funded after default with another funding cycle through the same or
another group entity.
the final loan facility was declared as a non-performing assets (NPA) or
written off while several of them remain outstanding resulting in the
increase of debt.
is an infrastructure finance company registered with the Reserve Bank of
India as a ‘Systemically Important Non-Deposit Accepting Core Investment
Company’.IL&FS has run out of money and therefore was unable to
service its repayment obligations which led to a series of defaults on
loans, debentures and commercial papers.
Serious Fraud Investigation Office(SFIO) is a fraud investigating agency.
It is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs,
Government of India.The SFIO is involved in major fraud probes and is the
coordinating agency with the Income Tax and CBI.
Government approved setting up of this organization in 2003 on the basis
of the recommendations made by the Naresh Chandra Committee which was set
up by the Government in 2002 on corporate governance.
boosts survival outlook for lung cancer patients
to a report,immunotherapy treatment can help significantly boost survival
rates among patients suffering from advanced lung cancer.
report is based on a clinical trial conducted by researchers.The clinical
trial found out that almost 25% of patients who had received the
immunotherapy drug and who had not previously received chemotherapy were
alive after five years.
trials are scientific studies conducted to find better ways to prevent,
screen for, diagnose or treat disease.Clinical trials study how safe and
helpful tests and treatments are.
is a cancer treatment that empowers one’s own immune system to fight off
cancer.Immunotherapy works to harness and enhance the natural powers of
the immune system to work against the disease by enabling it to recognize,
target, and eliminate cancer cells throughout the body.
is a treatment with drugs that kill cancer cells directly. Chemotherapy
attacks all rapidly-dividing cells that it can locate within the body,
effectively targeting fast-growing tumors.
chemotherapy which acts directly on cancerous tumors, immunotherapy treats
a patient by acting on the immune system.Immunotherapy can both activate a
stronger than normal immune response in the body as well as teach the
immune system how to identify and destroy cancer cells.
may cut interest rate by at least 25 bps on June 6: Experts
to experts,the Reserve Bank of India’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) may
cut the interest rate to boost up the economic growth which dropped to a
five-year low in the final quarter of 2018-19.
rate cut is needed to address weakening credit availability as Non-banking
financial companies(NBFCs) remain in turmoil representing a significant
bottleneck in the supply of credit to micro, small and medium-sized
enterprises that also flows through to discretionary consumer demand.
inflation will play an important role in the decision of rate cut. Between
December 2018 and April 2019,annual wholesale price inflation for food
articles has risen from minus 0.42% to 7.37%.
last few months have seen prices of a host of farm commodities go up
mainly on the back of (a)drought in large tracts of western and southern
India and (b)Pre-monsoon rainfall which was below the normal average.
Monetary Policy Committee(MPC) is a committee of the Reserve Bank of
India.It is headed by its Governor which is entrusted with the task of
fixing the benchmark policy interest rate (repo rate) to contain inflation
within the specified target level i.e.inflation targeting.
Price Inflation tracks changes in the price of goods in stages before the
retail level i.e. goods that are sold in bulk and traded between
organizations instead of consumers.
visa process needs social media profiles now
US has announced that all applicants for US visas will have to submit
their social media details under newly adopted rules.
rule to expand social media history data collection to all immigrant and
non-immigrant visa applicants was first taken in April 2018.This decision
was an outcome of US President desire to put in place a policy of extreme
screening of foreigners entering the country.
US Visa applicants will have to submit social media names and five years
worth of email addresses and phone numbers.However,certain diplomatic and
official visa applicants will be exempt from the stringent new measures.
applicants who needed additional screening such as people who had been to
parts of the world controlled by terrorist groups would need to hand over
now applicants will have to give up their account names on a list of
social media platforms and also volunteer the details of their accounts on
any sites not listed.
man being examined for Nipah, no confirmation yet
National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) is investigating a sample from
a man in Kerala who is suspected to be carrying the Nipah virus.
Previously, in 2018, there was a Nipah outbreak in Kerala which claimed 17
lives in Kozhikode and Malappuram districts of the state.
Virus is a zoonotic virus i.e. transmitted from animals to humans. It is a
member of the genus Henipavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae. Fruit bats
of the Pteropodidae family are the natural host of Nipah virus.
was first recognised in 1998-99 during an outbreak among pig farmers in
Malaysia and Singapore.
virus can be transmitted to humans from animals (such as bats or pigs). It
can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly between
virus infection in humans causes asymptomatic infection, acute respiratory
infection and fatal encephalitis. It has a high case fatality rate
estimated to range between 40 and 75%.
Centre for Disease Control is an institute under the Indian Directorate General
of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It undertakes
investigations of disease outbreaks across India. It also investigates and
recommends control measures for the outbreak of various communicable
diseases in the States/UTs in India.
Register Of Citizens: MHA to assist Assam to set up 1,000 tribunals
regard to the National Register of Citizens, the Ministry of Home Affairs
(MHA) has decided to extend assistance to the Assam government in setting
up 1,000 foreigner’s tribunals where people can contest their exclusion.
Further, the Assam government has also proposed to set up e-Foreigners
MHA decision comes after the Supreme Court recently questioned the state
government’s plan to set up 1,000 Foreigners’ Tribunals. The apex court
had questioned the feasibility of setting up these tribunals and
appointing judicial officers to preside over them.
court had highlighted that there would be an influx of petitions in the
foreigners’ tribunals once the final NRC is published on July 31st 2019.
The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register which contains
the name of all citizens of India residing in Assam. The process of NRC
update in Assam has been taken up as per a Supreme Court order in 2013.
Tribunal (FT) was set up in Assam in 1964 through the Foreigners Tribunal
Order 1964. The tribunals are mandated with identifying the legal status
of suspected foreigners in Assam.
present, there are 100 FTs in Assam; of these 64 were set up in 2015, to
expedite the exercise of determining illegal immigrants in the state
through the National Register of Citizens (NRC).
wave to continue for a couple of days: IMD
India Meteorological Department has said that severe heat wave conditions
will continue in many parts over the next couple of days, especially in
Rajasthan and several parts of north and central India.
heat wave is a period of abnormally high temperatures-more than the normal
maximum temperature that occurs during the summer season.
wave is considered if maximum temperature of a station reaches at least
40°C or more for Plains, 37°C or more for coastal stations and at least
30°C or more for Hilly regions.