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We are posting Todays 9pm Current Affair Brief
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News: Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has sought price quotes for the supply of 10 lakh antibody kits (serological test) for diagnosis of COVID-19.
- Two types of tests for viral infections: Genetic and serological
- Genetic test: It is conducted on a swab collected from the back of the throat, a liquid sample from the lower respiratory tract, or a simple saliva sample.
- Serological Test: It is a blood test to detect the presence of antibodies against a microorganism.
- Advantage of Serological Test over Genetic Test:. Serological tests help detect and trace past infections while genetic tests can only identify infections that are active. They are relatively cheaper than genetic tests.
Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR):
- It is the apex and premier medical research organization in India.
- Function: planning, formulation, coordination, implementation and promotion of biomedical research.
- Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
News: The government has notified hydroxychloroquine, an anti-malarial drug, under Schedule-H1 to regulate and restrict the sale and distribution of the drug.
Classification of Drugs in India: The Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945, under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940, provides for classification of drugs into different schedules.
News: The Railway Board has appealed to its employees to voluntarily donate a day’s salary towards the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF) to support the fight against the novel coronavirus.
- Established in: 1948
- Used for: immediate relief to families of those killed in natural calamities like floods, cyclones and earthquakes, etc. and to the victims of the major accidents and riots
- Headed by: Prime Minister
- Administration: Administered on an Honorary basis by Joint Secretary to the Prime Minister as Secretary of the fund.
- Consists entirely of public contributions and does not get any budgetary support.
- Recognized as a Trust under the Income Tax Act
- Exempt under the Income Tax Act, 1961 under Section 10 and 139 for return purposes.
News: Since the beginning of the 21st century, there has been emergence and outbreaks of multiple zoonotic diseases.
Definition: Type of disease that passes from an animal or insect to a human.
|Kyasanur forest disease|
|West Nile Virus|
News:Prime Minister has announced the constitution of the PM’s Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations(PM-CARES) fund.
- PM-CARES: It is a dedicated national fund with the primary objective of dealing with any kind of emergency or distress situation like posed by the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Chairman: Prime Minister
- Members: Defence Minister, Home Minister and Finance Minister.
- Exemption: The donations to this fund will be exempted from income tax under section 80(G).
News: Cantonment Boards from all over the country have taken various steps to control the spread of Coronavirus pandemic.
- Cantonment Board:It is established for municipal administration for the civilian population in the cantonment area.lt is set up under the provisions of the Cantonments Act of 2006.
- Nodal Ministry: It works under the administrative control of the Defence Ministry of the Central Government.
- Functions: It performs similar functions to those of a municipality.
- Composition: It consists of partly elected and partly nominated members.The elected members hold office for a term of five years while the nominated members continue so long as they hold the office in that station.
- President: The military officer commanding the station is the ex-oticio president of the board and presides over its meetings.
News: The Trusted News Initiative has decided to extend its efforts in identifying false and potentially harmful information on the coronavirus pandemic.
- The Trusted News Initiative was announced by BBC in 2019. It comprises a number of major news and tech organisations from all around the world.
- Aim: To protect the people against the disinformation and fake news especially during the time of elections.
News:Tribes in Arunachal Pradesh have revived indigenous lockdown rituals to contain the spread of COVID-19.
- It is one of the 26 major Scheduled tribes of Arunachal Pradesh that dominate West Siang district.
- It practices the Arr-Rinam ritual which imposes lockdown for 48 hours whenever an epidemic strikes.
- The Adi tribe is believed to have come from southern China in the 16th century.They are the Tibeto-Burman language speaking population.
- They performed a ritual called the motor or pator system where the locals lock down villages by erecting barricades to prevent the entry of outsiders.
- Nyishi is a single largest Scheduled Tribe of Arunachal Pradesh.They speak Tibeto-Burman language.
- They observe rituals such as Arrue(Self Quarantine), Khyasang-Ratar and Merii for preventing the entry of an epidemic to a village.
News:The Union Minister of Health has launched the COVID-19 National Teleconsultation Centre(CoNTeC).
- CoNTeC has been conceptualised by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare and has been implemented by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
- Aim: It is a Telemedicine Hub to connect the doctors across the country to AIIMS in real-time for treatment of the COVID-19 patients.
News:The International Monetary Fund(IMF) has said that the world has entered into a global recession due to the coronavirus crisis.
- A recession is a period when economic activities are in a general decline typically accompanied by unemployment, falling income and consumer spending.
- To overcome recession, countries generally react by loosening their monetary policies by infusing more money into the system i.e by increasing the money supply.
- The Financial crisis of 2008 is the most recent example of a recession.
- Depression:It is a deep and long-lasting recession that lasts for many years.During this period, the decline in GDP exceeds 10% and an unemployment rate that touches 25%.