to move Supreme Court for NRC reverification in select districts
- The Assam government has termed
the finalisation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) list there as
a “mixed bag” and raised concerns over several “technical flaws” in the
process. It has decided to move to the Supreme Court appealing for
re-verification in selected districts.
- Earlier, the Centre and
Assam Government had sought a 20 % sample re-verification of names included
in the final draft of the NRC in the districts bordering Bangladesh and a
10% sample re-verification in the remaining districts. However, the plea
was rejected by Supreme Court.
- The National Register of
Citizens (NRC) was published on August 31, 2019. Over 19 lakh people were
excluded from the final list.
- Excluded persons will
have 120 days to file an appeal at any of the existing Foreigners
Tribunals. The Tribunals are required to dispose of the cases within six
months. Appellants can then approach the High Court and Supreme Court.
They will get a window of 10 months to prove their citizenship before
being sent to detention centres
- The National Register of
Citizens (NRC) is a register which contains the name of all citizens of
India residing in Assam. It was first prepared in 1951.
- The NRC has recently been
updated in Assam to address the issue of illegal migrants. It seeks to
identify illegal migrants in Assam who had entered the state on or after
25th March 1971.
- The update has been carried
out under the Citizenship Act, 1955, and according to rules framed in the
Assam Accord, 1985.
to train four Indian astronauts for Gaganyaan
- Russia will help in 4-5
critical areas of the Gaganyaan Mission. This includes training of Indian
astronauts at Russian facilities.
- A special ISRO unit will
be established in the embassy in Moscow to facilitate increased
cooperation between India and Russia in view of the Gaganyaan programme
- Gaganyaan is India’s first
Human Space Flight Programme to be launched by Indian Space Research Organisation
(ISRO) by 2022.
- The programme will make
India the fourth nation in the world to launch a Human Spaceflight
Mission. So far, only the USA, Russia and China have launched human
- Space launch vehicle, GSLV
MK III will be used for the Gaganyaan mission. It has been modified to fit
a crew module and life support to carry astronauts to space.
- Russia has conducted a
number of human spaceflight missions viz. the Vostok program, Voskhod
program, Soyuz program. Vostok 1 in 1961 was the first human orbital
flight and Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space.
Star Rainbow scheme
- The 7-Star Rainbow Scheme
was launched by Haryana state government in 2018. It focuses on incentivising
and encourage the working of Gram Panchayats in Haryana.
- Under the scheme, the gram
Panchayats are assessed on seven parameters which are recognised with a
star. Further, each parameter is a given a specific colour.
- The different parameters
are: a) Sex Ratio (pink), b) Education and No dropouts (Sky Blue), c)
Hygiene and Sanitation (White), d) Peace and Harmony (Saffron), e) Environment
preservation (Green), f) Good Governance (Golden), and g) Social Participation
- Haryana government has
also included another parameter of digital literacy under Education’s head
- Gram Panchayats scoring
full marks in any of the parameter are facilitated with “Star” of that
- Villages for achieving
each parameter are awarded Rs. 1 Lakh. Villages having equal or more girl
population are given Rs. 50000 as bonus with the reward money.
- Gram Panchayats scoring
maximum in all parameters are recognised as Indradhanush Gram Panchayats
- The ‘Samudrayaan’ is a
part of the Ministry of Earth Sciences’ pilot project for deep ocean
mining for rare minerals.
- The project proposes to
send a submersible vehicle with three persons to a depth of about 6000
metres to carry out deep underwater studies
- The project is being
undertaken by National Institute of Ocean Technology.
- Recently, the Indian
government has given approval to the Deep Ocean Mission (DOM). The mission
proposes to explore Deep Ocean similar to space exploration started by
- Key areas of the mission
are: a) Deep-sea mining: exploitation of polymetallic nodules(PMN), b) Ocean
climate change advisory services, c) Underwater vehicles, d) Underwater
robotics related technologies
- Two key projects have been
planned under the Mission: a) Desalination plant powered by tidal energy,
b) Submersible vehicle equipped to explore depths of at least 6,000
- The mission will be led by
the Union Earth Sciences Ministry. It will be a five-year mission and is
expected to commence from October 31, 2019.
- India has been allocated a
site of 75,000 sq km in the Central Indian Ocean Basin by the
International Sea Bed Authority for exploration of polymetallic nodules
- The estimated resource of
polymetallic nodules is about 380 million tonnes, containing 4.7 million
tonnes of nickel, 4.29 million tonnes of copper and 0.55 million tonnes of
cobalt and 92.59 million tonnes of manganese.
AQUARIA INDIA 2019
President of India has inaugurated the fifth edition of Aqua Aquaria
theme of the event is “Taking Blue revolution to India’s hinterland”. The
event is being organised by the Marine Products Export Development
the session,Vice President said that India is the second largest fish
producer in the world with a production of 13.70 million tonnes during
earns 10% of its total exports from fisheries.India is also the fourth
largest exporter of fish in revenue terms.The contribution of fisheries to
the Gross Domestic Product is about 1% and about 5.37% to the Agricultural
utilizes only about 40% of the available 2.36 million hectares of ponds
and tanks for freshwater aquaculture and about 15% of a total potential
brackish resource of 1.2 million hectares.
is a need to boost fish production to ensure food security to our
was constituted in 1972 under the Marine Products Export Development
Authority Act,1972.It functions under the Department of
Commerce,Government of India.
acts as a coordinating agency with different Central and State Government
establishments engaged in fishery production and allied activities.
Tiger Force for Corbett Reserve set up
Government has decided to set up Special Tiger Force for Corbett Tiger
special tiger force will check illegal human intrusion into the reserve
through villages located on its fringes and serve as a second layer of
protection for tigers at the CTR.
Corbett National Park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park- the
first national park in India.It is located in Nainital district of
park was also declared as a Tiger Reserve in 1973.It is the first to come
under the Project Tiger initiative.
is one of the richest bird regions of the Country and has been declared as
an ‘Important Bird Area’ (IBA) by Birdlife International.
to become largest importer of coking coal by 2025, says Fitch Solutions
to a Fitch report,India will overtake China as the largest importer of
coking coal by 2025.
report has forecasted that India’s coking coal consumption will grow at an
annual average rate of 5.4% between 2019 and 2028 due to robust expansion
in steel production in the country.
will continue to account for roughly two-thirds of global coking coal
production and consumption over the coming years.
China’s steel production will decrease in the medium term with the slowing
of the economy and construction sectors dragging coking coal consumption
coal also known as metallurgical coal is used to create coke.Coke is one
of the key irreplaceable inputs for the production of steel.
are many varieties of coal in the world ranging from brown coal or lignite
to anthracite.However,the property that sets coking coals apart from other
coals is its caking ability, composition, mineral content among others.
to study uranium contamination in A.P.’s Kadapa district
Andhra Pradesh government has ordered an inquiry into complaints about
groundwater pollution caused by the uranium processing project of the
Uranium Corporation of India Limited(UCIL) at Tummalapalle of Kadapa
is a centrally owned Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) for uranium mining
and uranium processing under the Department of Atomic Energy. It was
founded in 1976.UCIL is responsible for the mining and milling of uranium
ore in India.
operates six underground mines at Bagjata, Jaduguda, Bhatin, Narwapahar,
Turamdih and Mahuldiha and one open pit mine (Banduhurang) in the State of
is also constructing a new underground mine and process plant at
Tummalapalle in Andhra Pradesh.
Bharat, Vijayi Bharat
Vivekanand Kendra and its state units will launch a year-long nation-wide
mass contact programme titled “Ek Bharat Vijayi Bharat” on September
mass contact programme coincides with the 50th foundation year of
Vivekananda Rock Memorial in Kanyakumari.
programme will involve around 20,000 workers of around 1,005 units of
Vivekanand Kendra across the country.
programme will focus on spreading the messages of Swami Vivekananda making
people aware of the inspiring story of Vivekananda Rock Memorial and the
activities of Vivekanand Kendra.
Vivekananda was born as Narendra Nath Datta in 1863.He was a monk and
chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramhansa.
introduced Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world
and is credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to
the world stage during the late 19th century.
established Ramakrishna Mission in 1987.The institution did extensive
educational and philanthropic work in India.He also represented India in
the first Parliament of Religion held in Chicago (U.S.) in 1893.
India’s first garbage cafe to be opened in Ambikapur
first Garbage Café will soon be opened in the city of Ambikapur in north Chhattisgarh.It
is a step towards making the city plastic-free.
initiative is led by the Ambikapur municipal corporation of
Chhattisgarh.The city has been hailed as the second cleanest city in the
country in Swachhata rankings.
this unique Cafe’, poor people and rag pickers will get free food in
exchange for one kilogram of plastic while breakfast will be provided if
half a kilogram of plastic is brought to the cafe.
collected garbage will be sold at Solid Liquid Resources Management Centre.It
would further be turned into granules and will then be used in the
construction of roads in the city.
19 lakh excluded from Assam’s final NRC
final list of National Register of Citizens(NRC) has been released in
names of 3 crore 11 lakh applicants have been included in the final NRC
while 19 lakh 7 thousand have been excluded.
CM has assured that those excluded from final NRC will not be detained and
they can appeal against their exclusion in the Foreigners’
Assam government will establish 400 Foreigners Tribunals in the state to
deal with such appeals.
National Register of Citizens(NRC) is a register which contains the name
of all citizens of India residing in Assam.It was prepared in 1951.
seeks to identify illegal migrants in Assam who had entered the state on
or after 25th March 1971.The update is being carried out under the
Citizenship Act,1955 and according to rules framed in the Assam
process of updating the NRC is being carried out by the Registrar General
of India and is being closely monitored by the Supreme Court.
Tribunal(FT) was set up in Assam in 1964 through the Foreigners Tribunal
Order 1964.The tribunals are mandated with identifying the legal status of
suspected foreigners in Assam.
Election Commission will launch an Electors Verification Programme (EVP)
on September 1,2019.
program aims to provide (a)better electoral services (b)improve
communication between voters and the Commission and (c)improve the overall
health of electoral rolls in general.
can use the National Voters’ Service Portal (NVSP), Voter Helpline App,
Common Service Centres or the voter facilitation centre to avail of
facilities like verification and correction of details, authentication,
updating details of family members and giving feedback among others.
process will also include (a)standardisation of address (b)capturing of
GIS location of the respective polling stations (c)exploration of
alternative locations for polling stations and (d)update of age group-wise
projected population details.
Ministry partners Google on ‘Build for Digital India’
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and Google has
signed a statement of intent to roll-out ‘Build for Digital India’.
programme will give engineering students a platform to develop
market-ready, technology-based solutions that address key social problems.
part of the programme, engineering students will be invited to present
their ideas in areas like healthcare, agriculture, education, smart cities
and infrastructure, women’s safety, transportation, environment,
disability and digital literacy.
Digital India program aims to transform India into a digitally empowered
society and knowledge economy.Examples of Digital India Initiatives are
Aadhaar, Agrimarket App, BHIM-UPI, Cyber Swachta Kendra among others.
all set for Nehru Trophy Boat Race
is hosting the 67th Nehru Trophy Boat Race which has started from 31st
Trophy Boat Race is a popular Vallam Kali (boat race) held in the
Punnamada Lake near Alappuzha,Kerala on the second Saturday of August
most popular event of the race is the competition of Chundan Vallams
(snake boats). Hence the race is also known as Snake Boat Race in
boat race is organized by the Nehru Trophy Boat Race Society under the
guidance of the district administration.
is the longest lake in India which spans several districts in Kerala.It is
known as Punnamada Lake in Kuttanad, Kochi Lake in Kochi.