9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief – August 21st, 2023
We have initiated some changes in the 9 PM Brief and other postings related to current affairs. What we sought to do:
- Ensure that all relevant facts, data, and arguments from today’s newspaper are readily available to you.
- We have widened the sources to provide you with content that is more than enough and adds value not just for GS but also for essay writing. Hence, the 9 PM brief now covers the following newspapers:
- The Hindu
- Indian Express
- Business Standard
- Times of India
- Down To Earth
- We have also introduced the relevance part to every article. This ensures that you know why a particular article is important.
- Since these changes are new, so initially the number of articles might increase, but they’ll go down over time.
- It is our endeavor to provide you with the best content and your feedback is essential for the same. We will be anticipating your feedback and ensure the blog serves as an optimal medium of learning for all the aspirants.
Mains Oriented Articles
GS Paper 1
GS Paper 2
- “Criminal law Bills renaming is needless meddling
- The Katchatheevu controversy
- Express View on Saudi and Iran: Welcome detente
- Crafting safe Generative AI systems
- End the death penalty: Its basis has collapsed
GS Paper 3
Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)
Mains Oriented Articles
GS Paper 1
Source: The post is based on the article “Don’t pretend not to see caste — to fight it, we must first acknowledge its existence” published in “The India express” on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS1- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
News: In this article, the author discusses the deep-rooted casteism in India. There is a need to acknowledge and address it for genuine inclusivity. Article also highlights the struggles of Dalits, the importance of representation beyond reservations, and the significance of embracing and celebrating Dalit history in the Indian independence movement.
What are the incidents that show casteism is still present in India?
Denial of Caste: Many claims to live in a casteless society, but incidents like discrimination against lower-caste individuals indicate its absence. Darshan Solanki’s suicide, children beaten over drinking water, and men shot for riding horses suggest caste-based violence are some examples.
Reservation Debates: Discussions about reservations on social media show underlying biases against reserved categories.
Professional Bias: Some avoid doctors with lower-caste surnames, suspecting them of lacking merit.
Dalit Representation: Dalits still struggle for representation in cultural and intellectual spaces, indicating systemic barriers.
What is the importance of De-casteing in India?
Genuine Inclusivity: Acknowledging casteism is crucial for creating an inclusive society where everyone is treated equally.
Dalit Struggles: Without addressing caste, the struggles and discrimination faced by Dalits continue.
Fair representation: De-casting ensures fair representation of all communities in premier institutions, media, and cultural spaces.
Trust Building: Addressing caste issues is vital for building trust among various communities.
Enriches national history: Recognizing Dalit contributions to the Indian independence movement enriches national history.
Progress and Unity: Overcoming caste barriers is essential for India’s unified progress and realizing the vision of “sabka vishwas”.
How can De-casteing be achieved?
Acceptance: Firstly, acknowledge the presence and impact of casteism in society, instead of denying or overlooking it.
Education: Educate younger generations about the importance of seeing beyond caste and the value of inclusivity.
Representation beyond reservations: Push for Dalit representation in cultural institutions, intellectual spaces, and media, beyond just reserved seats in politics.
Celebrate Dalit History: Embrace and highlight the contributions of Dalits in the Indian independence movement and other spheres.
Promote Allies: Encourage individuals from privileged castes to become allies, supporting marginalized communities in various spaces.
Build Trust: Address and work on the distrust Dalits might feel towards the upper segments of society, fostering unity.
Policies Emphasizing Inclusion: Formulate policies that emphasize diversity, inclusion, and equity, ensuring nobody is left behind.
Source: The post is based on the article “The key to India’s hunger challenge: A focus on gender-sensitive growth” published in “The India express” on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS1- poverty and developmental issues.
News: In this article author discusses India’s progress in reducing poverty, highlighting achievements since 1991. They mention the growth in foreign reserves and food production, but also point out challenges like malnutrition in children and the impacts of climate change. The author suggests focusing on women’s education and investing in agricultural research for a better future.
How has India been able to reduce poverty?
Government Efforts: Indian government lifted 135 million people out of poverty from 2015-16 to 2019-21.
Economic Shift: Post-1991 reforms transitioned India from state-controlled to a market-oriented economy, boosting growth.
Rise in Foreign Reserves: Reserves increased from $1.4 billion in 1991 to around $600 billion, stabilizing the economy.
Green Revolution: Transformed India into the largest rice exporter.
White Revolution: Positioned India as the top milk producer with 222 MT production.
Cotton Production: Introduction of Bt cotton in 2002 made India the biggest cotton producer.
Together, these measures and achievements have contributed to a significant reduction in poverty.
What challenges are present in poverty alleviation efforts?
Challenges in India’s poverty alleviation efforts include:
Persistent Malnutrition: NFHS-5 (2019-21) showed 32% of children are underweight, 35% stunted, and 19% wasted.
Climate Change: Increases risks to food systems, which can impact poverty alleviation. Extreme weather events like heat waves and flash floods are concerning.
Low Women Participation: Only 30% of women were part of the labor force in 2021-22, indicating untapped potential.
Education Gaps: For effective poverty alleviation, women’s education beyond the 12th grade is vital, but many don’t have this opportunity.
Agricultural Challenges: Need for increased investment in research to ensure sustainable and nutritious food growth to support poverty reduction.
What should be done?
Empower Women in Tech: Train women in 15,000 self-help groups to fly drones for agricultural purposes.
Strengthen Agricultural Research: Double or triple R&D expenditures in agriculture for sustainable growth and nutritious food.
Tackle Malnutrition: Address the high percentages of underweight, stunted, and wasted children through targeted interventions.
Ditch Outdated Policies: Move away from export controls and stocking limits, which are remnants of older economic strategies.
Collaborate with Leading Institutions: Engage top institutions like Punjab Agriculture University for ushering in a new era of sustainable and nutritious agriculture.
Prioritize Women in Workforce: Boost the women’s participation rate in the labor force by providing skill formation and higher education opportunities.
GS Paper 2
Source: The post is based on the article “Criminal law Bills renaming is needless meddling” published in “The Hindu” on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS2- Indian constitution – Criminal Justice System
News: In this article, the author criticizes the renaming of three legal bills in Hindi. He argues that it’s a push towards majoritarianism, ignores linguistic diversity, and goes against constitutional provisions that require laws to be in English.
About the renaming of three bills.
Indian Penal Code: Renamed as “Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita”.
Code of Criminal Procedure: Now called “Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita”.
Indian Evidence Act: Changed to “Bharatiya Sakshya Bill”.
What are the major criticisms of renaming legal bills in Hindi?
Unfamiliarity for Many: More than half of India’s citizens and a significant majority of its legal practitioners find the Hindi names of the legal bills unfamiliar.
Constitutional Concerns: Article 348 of the Constitution requires that authoritative texts of all Acts be in English, so naming bills in Hindi challenges this provision.
Ignoring Linguistic Diversity: Historical protests, particularly in the 1960s, have shown strong resistance to imposing Hindi as the sole official language.
Perceived Majoritarianism: The push for Hindi may undermine other significant languages like Bengali, Tamil, and Telugu.
Importance of English in Legal Context: English remains the primary language of India’s courts, and legal statutes and precedents are primarily written in it, ensuring clarity in legal matters.
Potential Political Motive: There is a growing perception that the move towards Hindi might be driven by certain political motivations.
What should be done?
Reconsider Renaming: Revert the bills to their original English names to maintain familiarity and continuity.
Constitutional Compliance: Ensure the names align with Article 348, which requires laws to have English as the authoritative text.
Stakeholder Consultation: Engage with legal practitioners and the public, especially in non-Hindi speaking regions, before making linguistic changes.
Respect Linguistic Diversity: Acknowledge the significance of languages like Bengali, Tamil, and Telugu, to prevent feelings of majoritarianism.
Committee Review: The bills should possibly be reviewed by the Committee for Law and Justice, not just the Home Affairs Committee.
Source: The post is based on the article “The Katchatheevu controversy” published in The Hindu on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS 2 – International Relations
Relevance: India and Sri Lanka agreement on Katchatheevu.
News: Tamil Nadu’s Chief Minister M. K. Stalin restarted discussions about Katchatheevu, a barren islet near Rameswaram. He called to reclaim the islet from Sri Lanka as it would permanently resolve issues for local fishermen.
He said that even though fishermen were set free after being caught by Sri Lanka, their boats and fishing nets, essential to their livelihoods, were not given back.
When did Katchatheevu become a part of Sri Lanka?
In June 1974, India’s Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Sri Lanka’s Prime Minister Sirim R.D. Bandaranaike signed an agreement to establish the boundary between the two countries from Palk Strait to Adam’s Bridge.
The boundary was determined by historical evidence and international legal principles, placing Katchatheevu within Sri Lanka’s territory.
How important is Kachatheevu?
Both countries’ fishermen have historically used the islet for fishing.
However, the March 1976 pact specified that fishermen must not fish in the historic waters, territorial sea, or exclusive zones of either country without permission from Sri Lanka or India.
Some political groups and Tamil Nadu fishermen view Katchatheevu’s reclamation as a remedy for illegal maritime boundary crossings.
However, fishermen in Sri Lanka’s Northern Province believe this would worsen their problems, given Tamil Nadu fishermen’s use of bottom trawling on their territorial waters.
What led to the talks between India and Sri Lanka over Kachatheevu?
Sri Lanka claimed Kachatheevu due to Portuguese rule from 1505-1658 CE, while India argued it was under the control of the former Raja of Ramnad.
However, in a July 1974 Lok Sabha debate, External Affairs Minister Swaran Singh explained that the decision to include Kachatheevu as part of Sri Lanka resulted from extensive research into historical and other records concerning the islet.
Since then, there have been multiple instances where political leaders have resurfaced the issue of Katchatheevu. Over the past 15 years, both Jayalalithaa and Karunanidhi have brought the issue before the Supreme Court.
How has the Centre responded regarding the issue?
In August 2013, India told the Supreme Court that the issue of reclaiming Kachchatheevu from Sri Lanka didn’t exist, as no Indian land was given to Sri Lanka.
They said it was a historical dispute between British India and Ceylon, settled by the 1974 and 1976 agreements.
In December 2022, the government mentioned to the Rajya Sabha that Katchatheevu is on Sri Lanka’s side of the India-Sri Lanka International Maritime Boundary Line.
Source– The post is based on the article “Express View on Saudi and Iran: Welcome detente” published in “The Indian Express” on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS 2 – International relations
News– Recently, Iranian foreign minister Hossein Amirabdollahian’s visit to Saudi Arabia had traveled to Riyadh to offer condolences on the death of King Abdullah.
What is the historical trajectory of the relationship between Iran and Saudi Arabia?
The relationship has faced challenges primarily due to their contest for leadership within the region. Iran was led by Shia leadership and Saudi Arabia by Sunni leadership.
Since the Iranian Revolution in 1979, suspicions about each other’s motives have persisted. Iran accused Saudi Arabia of providing support to Baghdad during the Iran-Iraq war (1980-88). Saudi Arabia was alleged to have backed insurgents against the Iran-affiliated President Bashar al-Assad in the ongoing Syrian civil war since 2011. The Iranian nuclear program further intensified these suspicions.
Tensions escalated in 2016 when Saudi Arabia executed a prominent Shia cleric. It triggered Iranian protesters to attack the Saudi embassy in Tehran.
Diplomatic relations had been severed in 1987-88 when hostilities between the regional rivals reached a peak due to clashes in Mecca involving Iranian pilgrims and attacks on the Saudi embassy in Tehran.
Why Stability in relationship between Iran and Saudi Arabia holds immense significance for India?
Over 8 million Indians are residing in the West Asian and Gulf regions.
India’s energy security depends on the strength of its connections with the two primary suppliers of crude oil.
India has maintained strong affiliations with both Riyadh and Tehran. Naturally, Delhi will closely monitor these developments due to their implications for its national interests.
Source– The post is based on the article “Crafting safe Generative AI systems” published in “The Hindu” on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS2- Awareness in the field of IT and computers
News– The article explains the potential of generative AI and risks related to it. It also explains the importance of identity assurance framework to deal with the risk associated with generative AI.
What is the potential of generative AI?
Generative AI has the potential to unleash significant technological and societal transformations. Utilization of Large Language Models alone is projected to contribute between $2.6 trillion and $4.4 trillion annually to the global economy.
Example is Jugalbandi Chatbo. It aims to function as a universal translator in rural India. It receives queries in local languages, and then presents these responses to users in their native tongue.
This has the capacity to democratize access to information and enhance the economic well-being of millions of individuals.
What are risks related to generative AI?
AI-powered tools enable malicious actors to craft synthetic entities. These cannot be distinguished from humans online, using speech, text, and video formats.
These bad actors can manipulate identities. They can launch a range of harmful actions such as spreading misinformation, disinformation, engaging in security breaches, perpetrating fraud, propagating hate speech, and public shaming.
In the United States, an AI-generated image depicting the Pentagon ablaze caused turmoil in equity markets.
Fake users on platforms like Twitter and Instagram, disseminating strong political opinions, have exacerbated online political polarization.
AI-generated voices have been cloned and utilized to bypass authentication measures for banking customers.
An individual in Belgium was reportedly driven to suicide after interactions with a Large Language Model. Additionally, recent elections in Turkey were marred by AI-generated deepfakes.
The risk of malicious actors exploiting Generative AI for purposes of misinformation and influencing election outcomes is steadily on the rise.
What is the potential solution to risks related to generative AI?
Regulation alone is insufficient. A broader perspective must be taken into account to enhance Internet safety and reliability.
There is a need for an identity assurance framework. This framework ensures trust among interacting parties by verifying the authenticity of entities involved.
What are some facts about the identity assurance framework?
The core principles of this framework involve its inclusion of various emerging credential types worldwide. It does not have exclusive reliance on any single technology or standard.
Digital wallets are important. They offer selective disclosure and protect users from governmental or corporate surveillance. This identity assurance framework would encompass humans, bots, and businesses.
At present, more than 50 countries are engaged in initiatives to develop or issue digital identity credentials. India, with Aadhaar, holds a leading position in implementing online identity assurance safeguards.
The European Union is in the process of establishing a new identity standard that will also support online identity assurance.
The concept of identity assurance is intertwined with the issue of information integrity. Information integrity guarantees that the accessed content is genuine and originates from the purported source.
This credibility is founded upon three pillars. Firstly, source validation ensures the verification of the information’s origin, publisher, or individual. Secondly, content integrity guarantees that the information remains unaltered.
Lastly, information validity can be achieved through automated fact-checking and crowd-sourced reviews.
Identity assurance faces dilemmas like balancing privacy and surveillance, civil liberties and security, and anonymity and accountability.
Information integrity raises questions about censorship and the timeless query of ‘who defines the truth?’
Source– The post is based on the article “End the death penalty: Its basis has collapsed” published in the “mint” on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS 2 – Indian Polity and Governance – Criminal Justice System
News– The article deals with the issue of the death penalty.
What are arguments against the death penalty?
The potency of the death penalty has diminished as human rights became codified both legally and socially. Fear has yielded ground to civil considerations.
Today, the efficacy of this punishment as a deterrent is uncertain. Research has revealed only tenuous connections between crime rates and executions.
The associated costs remain substantial. Taking a life is irreversible, and there is risk of a wrongful conviction. No justice system can ensure complete accuracy in assigning guilt, regardless of intention. Imperfections are inevitable.
Under the norms established by the Supreme Court, this penalty is reserved for “rarest of rare” cases. Although this provision holds value in its intent to decrease executions, It does not succeed in lessening the significant moral burden on our conscience.
Some argue that abolition of the death penalty can lead to unintended consequences.
If executions were abolished, there might be a rise in police encounters due to pressure to maintain law and order.
Lenient laws might result in more aggressive policing on the ground. Severe penalties could help curb vigilante actions.
This argument is flawed. It assumes that it’s acceptable for the rule of law to be influenced by societal conditions. It is disregarding its supremacy in principle. It overlooks the potential for police reforms.
Research indicates that isolating convicts in prison achieves the intended objective of our judicial system. Eliminating the death penalty from our legal framework is unlikely to lead to a surge in severe violations.
GS Paper 3
Source: The post is based on the article “Dollar Today, Rupee Tomorrow” published in The Times of India on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS 3 – Indian economy – Money and Currency
News: In this article author discusses the challenges and implications of making the Indian rupee an international currency, comparing it to dominant currencies like the U.S. dollar. They argue that India should focus on economic growth and trade expansion, rather than rushing to internationalize the rupee.
What are the functions of a currency such as the rupee?
The functions of a currency like the rupee are:
Medium of Exchange: Used to buy and sell products within India.
Unit of Account: Prices of products are set in rupees.
Store of Value: People save and hold rupees for future use.
Example: When both a buyer and seller in India transact, they use the rupee for payment and set the product’s price in rupees.
What is the role of international currencies?
The role of international currencies includes:
Medium of Exchange: Used for global trade between different countries.
Example: Over 80% of global trade transactions between 1999 and 2019 used the U.S. dollar.
Unit of Account: Sets prices for international transactions.
Example: Most world trade prices are in dollars or euros.
Store of Value: Held by central banks as reserves.
Example: Central banks hold 60% of their reserves in the U.S. dollar.
Dominance in Finance: 60% of international banking deposits and loans are in dollars.
What are the challenges of making the Indian rupee an international currency?
Small World Trade Share: India contributes less than 2.5% to global merchandise trade and less than 4% to world services trade. Most transactions use the dollar.
Limited Financial Transactions: India’s global financial transaction share is even smaller. Its corporate bond market is young, and public banks dominate.
Lack of Full Convertibility: India hasn’t fully adopted capital account convertibility, limiting the rupee’s use in global financial transactions.
Foreign Exchange Reserves: The Reserve Bank of India holds about $600 billion in foreign currencies, primarily for rupee stability. Other countries might not store large rupee reserves.
What should be done?
Focus on Growth: Prioritize expanding the economy, trade, and foreign investment.
Avoid Premature Changes: Don’t rush to make the rupee fully convertible just to speed up its internationalization.
Natural Progression: Let rupee internationalization follow as India’s economic stature grows.
Prioritize Stability: Ensure the rupee’s stability without compromising major objectives.
Source: The post is based on the article “When VVIPs Leave” published in The Times of India on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS3 – infrastructure development
News: The author discusses how cities in India temporarily improve infrastructure for G20 meetings, which highlights the year-round poor conditions. He also emphasizes the need for local government power and genuine urban development instead of superficial enhancements.
Why is the temporary beautification of cities problematic?
Highlights Year-Round Neglect: Temporary touch-ups showcase the usual poor conditions.
Seen as VVIP Appeasement: In Mumbai, hiding slums and filling potholes are perceived as prioritizing VIP visitors over regular citizens.
Wasted Resources: Money is spent on short-term fixes rather than lasting solutions.
Skews Priorities: Focuses on cosmetic changes instead of essential infrastructure.
Quick Deterioration: Pune’s post-G20 beautified areas returned to their neglected state within a week.
Disconnect with Citizens: People feel alienated when improvements are temporary and not genuinely for their benefit
What are the major issues with urban infrastructure in India?
Lagging Behind Neighbors: Indian cities fall behind not just Western but also many Asian cities in infrastructure.
Focus on Showiness: New flyovers get priority over essential facilities like sewage treatment.
Frequent Flooding: Last year, Bengaluru’s tech parks flooded due to poor drainage.
Lack of Local Governance Power: Despite constitutional recognition, municipal revenue hasn’t significantly grown since 1946-47.
Stagnant Municipal Revenue: RBI report shows no significant growth in municipal revenue from 1946-47.
Source: The post is based on the article “Gene-edited mustard: Less pungent, more useful” published in The Indian Express on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS 3 – Agriculture
Relevance: About GTR genes-edited mustard
News: Oilseeds provide oil for cooking and protein-rich meals for animals. Rapeseed-mustard is a key Indian oilseed, constituting 42.6% of oil production and 30.3% of meal production.
However, its high glucosinolate levels create pungent taste and odor in its products, making the oil less preferred by consumers and the meal unpalatable for the livestock.
What alternative is being adopted by the scientists for the rapeseed-mustard?
Scientists are trying to breed rapeseed-mustard along the lines of canola quality by lowering glucosinolate levels. This will help in reducing the pungent taste and odor of the oil and meal.
However, these low-glucosinolate mustard lines face issues in large-scale farming due to vulnerability to pests and diseases. Because glucosinolates also shield crops like mustard against pests and pathogens.
While lowering glucosinolates benefits oil and meals, it compromises the plant’s overall defense. Therefore, novel breeding research plays a crucial role in addressing these challenges.
How does novel research breeding help in addressing these challenges?
Novel breeding research involves glucosinolate production in leaves and pod walls, transported to seeds via glucosinolate transporter (GTR) genes. GTR1 and GTR2 classes encompass 12 genes responsible for this process.
For example, CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing was used to modify 10 out of 12 GTR genes in ‘Varuna’ Indian mustard.
Targeted gene editing of the Varuna mustard variety resulted in seed glucosinolate levels below the 30-ppm of the canola-quality limit. Whereas other parts like leaves and pod walls had notably higher glucosinolates.
This low-seed, high-leaf glucosinolate edited lines demonstrated defense responses better than the wild-type mustard, due to the high glucosinolate concentration in leaves and pod walls.
Whereas the low glucosinolate levels in seeds will reduce the pungent taste and odor in the oil and meals, making it useful for both animals and humans.
What are the characteristics of this new GTR genes-edited mustard?
The new GTR genes-edited mustard lines are transgene-free, meaning they are not genetically modified (GM) and lack foreign genes found in Bt cotton or GM hybrid mustard.
The low-seed high-leaf glucosinolate mustard lines are genome edited (GE), different from GM or transgenic plants. The final GE lines also do not possess the Cas9 protein and are devoid of transgenes.
Moreover, in India, strict rules governed by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) under the Ministry of Environment oversee GM crop cultivation.
But in March 2022, a new rule was introduced by the Ministry stating that GM plants without added foreign DNA don’t require GEAC approval for field tests or commercial sale.
This change means that clearance is now only required from an Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBSC).
What is the way ahead?
India imports a substantial amount of edible oils, covering over 60% of consumption.
Therefore, it’s crucial to boost domestic oilseed production through breeding for improved yields, pest resistance, and quality, to curb foreign exchange outflow.
Source– The post is based on the article “Pilot fatigue in India, a wake-up call for airlines” published in “The Hindu” on 21st August 2023.
Syllabus: GS 3 – Disaster management
Relevance: Issues related to aircraft accidents
News– In the past weeks, there have been reports of some Indian pilots who passed away due to cardiac arrest. One of them was a pilot of Indian origin flying for an airline in West Asia.
What are issues related to pilots in India?
Airlines and the aviation regulatory body in India does not comprehend the significance of fatigue and inadequate sleep.
India has some of the most inadequate regulations concerning Flight and Duty Time Limitations and rest intervals.
Proficiency evaluations are manipulated and training often reduced to a mere formality.
Airlines around the globe impose a minimum cumulative cockpit experience requirement for both pilots. Indian airlines do not fulfil these criteria.
Flying crew in India get one day off in a week and just their annual leave. ‘Safe airlines’ worldwide provide at least two days off every week and proper rest periods between flights for the body clock to unwind.
The fatal accident at Mangaluru and Kozhikode (August 2020) had identified another important factor. The pilots were taking medications. Self-medication becomes a norm. Without many being aware of side-effects, these can induce other conditions.
What are the contributing factors behind the aircraft accidents?
Crew duty time cannot be standardized for all situations. Human fatigue varies throughout the day, with the circadian low affecting the period from midnight to sunrise. The number of landings during a pilot’s duty duration contributes to fatigue.
Over 60 years ago, a scientific study demonstrated that stress levels during landing approaches can elevate heart rates to over 240 beats per minute.
This triggers the adrenal glands and leads to significant sugar depletion in the body. This has identified this as a contributing factor towards accidents.
Accidents have been linked to sleep deprivation and momentary micro-sleep episodes lasting between five to 15 seconds during the approach and landing phases.
Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)
Source: The post is based on the article “What is RBI’s new pilot for frictionless credit?” published in The Hindu on 21st August 2023.
What is the News?
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has launched a pilot project in the form of a “Public Tech Platform for Frictionless Credit”.
The project seeks to give digital information to lenders to expedite access to credit or loans.
What is Frictionless credit?
Frictionless credit is a borrowing approach that seeks to streamline the lending process for consumers.
Unlike the traditional credit systems, where individuals need to go through extensive paperwork, credit checks and lengthy approval procedures, frictionless credit promises a smoother and faster experience.
Why Frictionless credit needed?
Before granting a loan, there’s a crucial process called credit appraisal. This process assesses the borrower’s ability to repay the loan and stick to the loan agreement. It’s especially important for banks because it affects their interest income and balance sheet.
RBI has noticed that the information needed for this process is scattered among different entities like governments, banks, credit agencies, and digital identity authorities. This separation creates hindrances in frictionless and timely delivery of rule-based lending.
To solve this, a new platform called “Public Tech Platform for Frictionless Credit” is being developed by Reserve Bank Innovation Hub, a wholly-owned subsidiary of RBI. This platform aims to make the lending process smooth and quick.
As a step towards this, a pilot project for digitizing Kisan Credit Card (KCC) loans under ₹1.6 lakh was started in 2022.It tests a fully digital lending process without paperwork, even allowing loans to be given at people’s doorsteps.
What are the expected benefits of this platform?
Getting formal loans often involves multiple visits to the bank and lots of paperwork. This adds to the lender’s operational expenses, which can then be passed on to borrowers. According to an RBI survey, processing farm loans used to take two to four weeks and cost about 6% of the loan amount.
This platform will help in making this lending process smooth and quick. It will help in reducing costs, speed up the loan process, and make it scalable.
Ministry of Tourism launches a wedding tourism campaign to unlock the potential of India’s huge wedding industry
Source: The post is based on the article “Ministry of Tourism launches a wedding tourism campaign to unlock the potential of India’s huge wedding industry” published in PIB on 19th August 2023.
What is the News?
The Ministry of Tourism has launched a Wedding Tourism Campaign to showcase India as a premier wedding destination globally. This campaign was launched as part of Incredible India Initiative.
The campaign aims to establish India as the foremost choice for couples seeking an extraordinary wedding experience while bolstering the growth of the wedding industry and overall tourism in India.
What is the Incredible India campaign?
Incredible India campaign was launched by the Ministry of Tourism in the year 2002 to promote tourism in India to other countries’ populations.
The purpose of the campaign was to make a brand out of India that depicted its history, diversity, religious beliefs, and spirituality, all in all, it showed India as the melting pot of cultures that it was and is to this date.
In 2017, ‘Incredible India 2.0’ campaign was launched.It marks a shift from generic promotions undertaken across the world to market-specific promotional plans and content creation.
The campaign focuses on digital and social media and the promotion of Niche tourism products, including yoga, wellness, luxury, cuisine and wildlife.
Source: The post is based on the article “Gabon announces $500 million debt-for-nature swap deal for marine conservation” published in Down To Earth on 18th August 2023.
What is the News?
Gabon has announced a $500 million debt-for-nature swap.
In Africa, it is the largest such deal signed by any country to refinance its debt and conserve marine resources.
What is Debt-for-nature swap?
Debt-for-nature swaps allow heavily indebted developing countries to seek help from financial institutions in the developed world with paying off their debt if they agree to spend on conservation of natural resources.
Usually banks in developed countries buy the debts of such countries and replace them with new loans which mature later. These have lower interest rates.
How do debt-for-nature swaps work?
A debt-for-nature swap can be multi-party or bilateral.
The most common form of multi-party debt-for-nature deal is when a third-party institution – usually an international non-governmental organization such as Conservation International – buys part of a country’s external debt from the institution that had bought it initially often at a discount. That organization then agrees to let the debtor country pay the debt off by investing a certain amount of local currency – usually significantly less than the face value of the original debt – in a biodiversity conservation plan.
In a bilateral deal, a country which owns some of another country’s debt agrees to discount it in exchange for the debtor country investing an agreed amount in a conservation plan.This frees the indebted country from having to pay off some of its debt and it can instead invest its own resources to preserve its biodiversity.
What is the significance of Gabon’s debt for nature swap?
Gabon’s debt for nature swap is the world’s second-largest debt-for-nature swap.
In May 2023, the world’s first and largest debt swap to conserve oceans was signed by Ecuador.
How debt for nature swap could help South Asia?
The debt crisis in the Global South has raised the need for new solutions, and one promising approach is debt-for-nature swaps.
These swaps are seen as important because developing countries face two interconnected challenges. Firstly, they need to borrow money from international creditors to support their development plans. Secondly, they must adapt to the growing impacts of climate change and biodiversity loss.
South Asia, in particular, faces significant challenges in this regard. Sri Lanka is still grappling with the consequences of poor financial management. Pakistan’s economy, burdened with debt, is struggling to recover from the 2022 floods.
The Maldives, Nepal, and Bangladesh are all dealing with rising food and housing costs, while India’s economic growth has slowed considerably.
Source: The post is based on the article “Pacific islands face risk of drowning as sea levels rising faster than expected” published in India Today on 18th August 2023.
What is the News?
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has released a report titled “State of Climate in the South-West Pacific, 2022”.
What are the key findings of the report?
Rising Sea Levels: The report has issued a warning about rising sea levels in the Pacific Islands. They report that sea levels in this region are increasing at a rate of about 4 mm per year, which is slightly higher than the global average.
– This poses a significant threat to low-lying islands like Tuvalu and the Solomon Islands, as it could lead to destructive floods, damaging agricultural lands and habitable areas.
Marine Heatwaves: The report highlights the occurrence of long-lasting marine heatwaves in the area northeast of Australia and south of Papua New Guinea. These heat waves have had adverse effects on marine life and the livelihoods of local communities.
Disasters: The number of disasters reported in the region in 2022 decreased by around 39 per cent compared to 2021.
– The region reported 35 natural hazards compared to 57 in 2021, but the overall economic damages were 53% more than the loss in 2021.
– Nearly 98% of the economic loss has been due to floods. The economic losses associated with flooding in 2022 were more than four times the average over the past 20 years (2002-2021).
Source: The post is based on the article “India announces definition of Green Hydrogen” published in PIB on 19th August 2023.
What is the News?
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has notified the green hydrogen standard for India.
What is the definition of Green Hydrogen given by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy?
Green hydrogen is the hydrogen derived from renewable energy sources, either via electrolysis or biomass conversion.
The definition also encompasses green energy preserved in energy storage systems.
What are the emission thresholds that must be met in order for hydrogen produced to be classified as ‘Green’?
The emission thresholds for production of hydrogen to be classified as ‘green’ are: Green hydrogen having a well-to-gate emission of not more than two kg carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent per kg hydrogen(H2).
The well-to-gate emission includes water treatment, electrolysis, gas purification, drying and compression of hydrogen.
The scope of these standards encompasses both electrolysis-based and biomass-based hydrogen production methods.
Who will certify Green Hydrogen projects?
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) under the Ministry of Power will be the nodal authority for accreditation of agencies for the monitoring, verification and certification for green hydrogen production projects.
Source: The post is based on the article “Luna 25, Russia’s first lunar mission in 47 years, crashes into the moon” published in The Hindu on 21st August 2023.
What is the News?
Russia’s Luna-25 spacecraft has crashed on the Moon’s surface after it went into an uncontrolled orbit.
What is Luna 25?
Why did Luna 25 crash?
Luna 25 was supposed to land in the moon’s south pole region, where scientists believe there might be valuable frozen water and precious elements.
But the spacecraft went into an uncontrolled orbit. As a result, the spacecraft moved unpredictably and ultimately collided with the moon’s surface.
What are the implications of the failure of Luna 25 for Russia?
Luna 25 was Russia’s first mission to the Moon since 1976, when it was part of the Soviet Union.
Only three governments have managed successful moon landings: the Soviet Union, the U.S., and China.
The failure of Luna 25 underscores the decline of Russia’s space power status, from a time when it was the first country to launch an artificial satellite and launched the first human, both to earth orbit.
Cabinet approves signing of MoU between India and Suriname in the field of the regulation of medicines
Source: The post is based on the article “Cabinet approves signing of MoU between India and Suriname in the field of the regulation of medicines” published in PIB on 16th August 2023.
What is the News?
A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed between the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission(IPC) and the Ministry of Health of Suriname, aiming to recognize the Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP) as a standard for medicines in Suriname.
What is the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission(IPC)?
Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) is an autonomous institution of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
IPC is created to set standards of drugs in the country. Its basic function is to regularly update the standards of drugs commonly required for treatment of diseases prevailing in this region.
It publishes official documents for improving Quality of Medicines by way of adding new and updating existing monographs in the form of Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP).
It further promotes rational use of generic medicines by publishing National Formulary of India.
It also provides IP Reference Substances (IPRS) which act as a fingerprint for identification of an article under test and its purity as prescribed in IP.
What are the benefits of International recognition of the Indian pharmacopeia Standards?
Firstly, it would boost the export of Indian pharmaceutical products to these countries as it would remove double regulation, duplication in testing and post importation checks. Indian drug exporters would thus gain a competitive edge and trade would become more remunerative.
Secondly, importing nations would gain access to quality Indian medical products at affordable prices.
Thirdly, manufacturers in importing countries would have better scope for development of generic medicines contributing to availability of affordable medicines to their citizens.
The following today’s current affairs articles have been covered in 7 PM Explained section of the day:
7 PM Editorial of the day: Animal Husbandry in India: Explained, pointwise
About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – Oct 3rd 2023
Dear Friends, Following are answers to Mains Marathon questions, we posted yesterday. About Mains Marathon – This is an initiative of ForumIAS to help/aid aspirants in their writing skills, which is crucial to conquering mains examination. Every morning, we post 2 questions are based on current affairs. The questions framed are meaningful and relevant to the exam.… Continue reading [Answered] Mains Marathon I Daily Answer Writing I September 30th, 2023
Source: The post is based on the article “Jharkhand CM writes to PM, seeks recognition of Sarna religious code for tribals” published in “Indian Express” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? Jharkhand Chief Minister has written to the Prime Minister seeking recognition of the ‘Sarna’ religious code for tribals. What is Sarna religion?… Continue reading Jharkhand CM writes to PM, seeks recognition of Sarna religious code for tribals
Source: The post is based on the article “Law Commission against lowering age of consent under POCSO Act” published in “The Hindu” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? The Law Commission has recommended the government to retain the existing age of consent under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act. What… Continue reading Law Commission against lowering age of consent under POCSO Act
Union Minister launches the Intelligent Grievance Monitoring System (IGMS) 2.0 Public Grievance portal and Automated Analysis in Tree Dashboard portal of DARPG
Source: The post is based on the article “Union Minister launches the Intelligent Grievance Monitoring System (IGMS) 2.0 Public Grievance portal and Automated Analysis in Tree Dashboard portal of DARPG” published in “PIB” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? The Union Minister of State for Personnel has launched the Intelligent Grievance Monitoring System… Continue reading Union Minister launches the Intelligent Grievance Monitoring System (IGMS) 2.0 Public Grievance portal and Automated Analysis in Tree Dashboard portal of DARPG
Renewable Energy Company IREDA gets upgraded from ‘Schedule B’ to ‘Schedule A’ Central Public Sector Enterprise
Source: The post is based on the article “Renewable Energy Company IREDA gets upgraded from ‘Schedule B’ to ‘Schedule A’ Central Public Sector Enterprise” published in “PIB” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. (IREDA) has been upgraded from ‘Schedule B’ to the ‘Schedule A’ category of Central… Continue reading Renewable Energy Company IREDA gets upgraded from ‘Schedule B’ to ‘Schedule A’ Central Public Sector Enterprise
PM’s call for Ek Tareekh Ek Ghanta Ek Saath could be world’s largest voluntary effort for a cleaner India
Source: The post is based on the article “PM’s call for Ek Tareekh Ek Ghanta Ek Saath could be world’s largest voluntary effort for a cleaner India” published in “PIB” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? Government of India has launched ‘Ek Tareekh Ek Ghanta Ek Saath’ Initiative. What is Ek Tareekh Ek… Continue reading PM’s call for Ek Tareekh Ek Ghanta Ek Saath could be world’s largest voluntary effort for a cleaner India
Source: The post is based on the article “22nd Law Commission submits report on e-FIR” published in “PIB” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? The 22nd Law Commission of India has given several suggestions related to the electronic first information reports (e-FIR). What are the recommendations given by the 22nd Law Commission report… Continue reading 22nd Law Commission submits report on e-FIR
Source: The post is based on the article “New guidelines propose no admissions to students below Class 9 at coaching centers” published in “The Hindu” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? Rajasthan Government has issued guidelines to regulate coaching institutes in Kota, a coaching hub. Who recommended these guidelines? The guidelines were recommended… Continue reading New guidelines propose no admissions to students below Class 9 at coaching centres
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘Global dispute settlement, India and appellate review’ published in The Hindu on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 2, International Relations News: The G-20 Declaration emphasized the need for reforms in the World Trade Organization (WTO). It was aimed to enhance its functions and ensure… Continue reading Global dispute settlement, India and appellate review
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘Push for more women, this time in the police’ published in The Hindu on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 2 – Social Issues – News: Recently, One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Amendment Bill, 2023 has been passed. The bill reserves one-third of total seats in… Continue reading Push for more women, this time in the police
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘Taming Big Tech’ published in Business Standard on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 2 – Liberalization of Industrial Policies News: Big Tech companies, often referred to as MAMAA (Meta, Amazon, Microsoft, Alphabet, and Apple), are facing increased scrutiny and legal challenges. Recently, significant cases… Continue reading Taming Big Tech
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘Narco Taliban’ published in The Times of India on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3 – Internal Security News: Methamphetamine, a strong illegal drug, is becoming more popular worldwide, with Afghanistan as a key source. This drug is replacing heroin. Afghanistan has now become… Continue reading Narco Taliban – Why Afghan meth is India’s big headache
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘40th…Now What?’ published in The Times of India on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3 – Indian Economy – India’s Industrial Policies News: India’s innovation rank in 2023 index is still too low. India’s rise to 40th position in the World Intellectual Property Organisation’s… Continue reading 40th…Now What? India’s Innovation Index 2023
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘India’s wildlife, decimated by hunting and forest exploitation, found succour in national parks’ published in The Times of India on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3 – Biodiversity Conservation News: Article discusses the evolution of forest and wildlife conservation efforts in India. Evolution of… Continue reading India’s wildlife, decimated by hunting and forest exploitation, found succour in national parks
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘Extended exclusion – on AFSPA’ published in The Hindu on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3 – Internal Security News: The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) will remain in effect in the hill areas of Manipur for another six months from October. This… Continue reading Extended exclusion – on AFSPA
Source: The post is based on the article “On semiconductors, jugaad won’t do” published in The Indian Express on 30th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Indigenization of Technology, Growth & Development Relevance: Benefits and challenges associated with setting up semiconductor fabrication unit in India. News: India is finally building its first semiconductor fabrication unit, which is… Continue reading On semiconductors, jugaad won’t do
Source: The post is based on the article “As illicit trade booms, seizure mount: 3.5 tonnes of gold, 18 crore cigarette sticks and 90 tonnes of heroin caught in FY23” published in The Indian Express on 30th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Internal Security – Linkages of Organized Crime with Terrorism Relevance: Findings of the… Continue reading As illicit trade booms, seizure mount
[Kurukshetra 2023 September] Make In India-Challenges Opportunities and Outcomes-Explained Pointwise
For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → ‘Make in India’ launched on 25 September 2014 is one of the game-changing economic initiatives of the Government of India. This timely and appropriate international marketing slogan is aimed at encouraging companies and individuals across the globe to facilitate, foster innovation, build world-class infrastructure and build a hub for manufacturing, design,… Continue reading [Kurukshetra 2023 September] Make In India-Challenges Opportunities and Outcomes-Explained Pointwise
Hello, everyone. We are posting a Compilation of the 10 pm current affairs quiz – September 2023 – 3rd week Click on the following link to download Download The 10 PM Daily Current Affairs Quiz is focused on the current affairs part of UPSC Prelims. The daily current affairs quiz consists of 10 questions based on the daily current… Continue reading [Download] 10 PM Weekly Compilation – September, 2023 – 3rd week
The 69th BPSC Combined Preliminary Competitive Examination was conducted today, i.e. 30 September 2023. This exam, which was conducted in the 1st session from 12 PM to 2 PM, was a General Studies paper. The downloadable PDFs of the 69th BPSC prelims question paper for SET A, SET B, SET C, and SET D are… Continue reading 69th BPSC Prelims Question Paper 2023 | Set A, B, C, and D
Dear Friends, Following are answers to Mains Marathon questions, we posted yesterday. About Mains Marathon – This is an initiative of ForumIAS to help/aid aspirants in their writing skills, which is crucial to conquering mains examination. Every morning, we post 2 questions are based on current affairs. The questions framed are meaningful and relevant to the exam.… Continue reading [Answered] Mains Marathon I Daily Answer Writing I September 29th, 2023
Dear Friends, We are writing to let you know that on Thursday, October 5, at 5 PM we shall be organizing an Interaction Session with Natasha Goel, Rank 175, CSE 2022. Registration link: https://go.forumias.com/5oct5pm Natasha is from JNU, with a background in humanities, who decided to first pursue her preparation with a… Continue reading Meet Natasha, IPS who cleared Civils (after not clearing it 4 times) ! 5th Oct. 5 PM
About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – Sep 30th 2023
Source: The post is based on the article “What is geospatial intelligence? A geographer explains the powerful melding of maps and data” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Geospatial intelligence has offered valuable insights to help governments and organizations to protect communities from natural disasters. What is Geospatial Intelligence?… Continue reading What is geospatial intelligence? A geographer explains the powerful melding of maps and data
Source: The post is based on the article “Tripura becomes fourth state to introduce e-cabinet system” published in “Indian Express” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Tripura Chief Minister has launched an e-cabinet system to promote digital infrastructure development and digitisation of government services and information What is an eCabinet system? eCabinet is… Continue reading Tripura becomes fourth state to introduce e-cabinet system
Source: The post is based on the article “MGNREGS social audit unit in a state of paralysis in many States” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? The Social Audit Units under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS). What is Social Audit under MGNREGA? Social Audit is the… Continue reading MGNREGS social audit unit in a state of paralysis in many States
Source: The post is based on the article “Uttar Pradesh Achieves 100% ODF Plus Coverage under Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen” published in “PIB” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Uttar Pradesh has achieved 100% Open Defecation Free (ODF) Plus coverage under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) programme. What is ODF Plus village? An… Continue reading Uttar Pradesh Achieves 100% ODF Plus Coverage under Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen
Source: The post is based on the article “What is the ‘Five Eyes’ intelligence alliance?” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? The Canadian Prime Minister has linked the killing of a Khalistani leader on Canadian soil to the Indian government. This has put the spotlight on the intelligence-sharing alliance… Continue reading What is the ‘Five Eyes’ intelligence alliance?
Assam Promotes Pipe Composting: A Unique Way Of Converting Biodegradable Waste Into Manure in Two Months
Source: The post is based on the article “Assam Promotes Pipe Composting: A Unique Way Of Converting Biodegradable Waste Into Manure in Two Months” published in “PIB” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Assam is actively promoting Pipe Composting among its rural communities during the ongoing Swachhata Hi Seva campaign. What is Pipe… Continue reading Assam Promotes Pipe Composting: A Unique Way Of Converting Biodegradable Waste Into Manure in Two Months
Source: The post is based on the article “Inside the digital world of cookies” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? In the digital world, cookies enhance online experiences but pose privacy and security challenges.Their usage and regulation are evolving in the digital landscape. What are Cookies? Cookies contain tiny… Continue reading Inside the digital world of cookies
Source: The post is based on the article “Union Minister launches CRIIIO 4 GOOD modules to advance gender equality and empower young people” published in “PIB” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? The Union Minister for Education and Skill Development & Entrepreneurship has launched ‘CRIIIO 4 GOOD’, a new online, life skills learning… Continue reading Union Minister launches CRIIIO 4 GOOD modules to advance gender equality and empower young people
Source: The post is based on the article “India retains 40th rank in the Global Innovation Index 2023” published in “PIB” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? Global Innovation Index 2023 has been published by the World Intellectual Property Organization. What is the Global Innovation Index? Click Here to read What are the… Continue reading India retains 40th rank in the Global Innovation Index 2023
Source– The post is based on the article “Bhagat Singh’s Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” published in “The Indian Express” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Modern Indian history and personalities News– The article explains the Bhagat Singh ideas about the principle of vasudhaiva kutumbakam What are Bhagat Singfh ideas about the ideal of vasudhaiva kutumbakam? Early in… Continue reading Bhagat Singh’s Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam
Source: The post is based on the article “A milestone in Hindu marriage reform in India” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Society- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. News: The author is discussing the long struggle in Tamil Nadu, India, for legal recognition of Suyamariyathai (self-respect) marriages, which… Continue reading A milestone in Hindu marriage reform in India
Source: The post is based on the article “A dictionary to prevent a language from vanishing” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Art and culture News: The article is about a rare language, Toto, spoken by 1,600 people near West Bengal and Bhutan. A professor from the University of Calcutta is… Continue reading A dictionary to prevent a language from vanishing
Source– The post is based on the article “Parliament to workplace” published in “The Indian Express” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS2 – Social empowerment. Relevance – Issues related to women empowerment News– The recent landmark legislation mandating the reservation of a third of parliamentary and assembly seats for women is a game changer for… Continue reading Parliament to workplace
Source: The post is based on the article “Warring Over Water – River fights between states need a single dispute resolution body with real enforcement powers” published in The Times of India on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Indian Polity – Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure Relevance: About Cauvery Water Dispute. News:… Continue reading Warring Over Water – River fights between states need a single dispute resolution body
Source: The post is based on articles “Unhealthy dynamics – Gender bias in cancer care reflects a larger health care crisis” published in Business Standard on 29th September 2023 and “Lancet report on cancer in women is a wake-up call” published in The Indian Express on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Social Issues – Issues… Continue reading Unhealthy dynamics – Gender bias in cancer care reflects a larger health care crisis
Source: The post is based on the article “Reform can address India’s kidney transplant deficit” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Governance- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health News: This article talks about the severe kidney shortage in India, where laws make kidney swaps and… Continue reading Reform can address India’s kidney transplant deficit
Source– The post is based on the article “KEEPING SFBs AFLOAT” published in “The Business Standard” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Economy Relevance- Issues related to banking sector News– The article explains the issues related to Small finance banks (SFBs). What are some facts about Small Finance Banks (SFBs)? They are designed to promote… Continue reading KEEPING Small Finance Bank (SFBs) AFLOAT
Source– The post is based on the article “We should join the WTO’s investment facilitation talks” published in the “mint” on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Economy Relevance- Issues related to WTO News– On 6 July 2023, over 110 of the WTO 164 members concluded text-based negotiations on the Agreement on Investment Facilitation for Development… Continue reading We should join the WTO’s investment facilitation talks
Source: The post is based on the article “Swaminathan walked ahead of his time: scientific community” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Science and technology- Achievements of Indians in science & technology. News: The article is honoring M.S. Swaminathan, a respected agricultural scientist from India who recently passed away. It discusses… Continue reading Swaminathan walked ahead of his time: scientific community
For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Recently, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has released its first report on hypertension. According to the first-ever report released by WHO on the global impact of hypertension, at least 4.6 million deaths in India can be prevented by 2040 if half its hypertensive population controls its blood pressure. What is hypertension?… Continue reading WHO Report on Hypertension-Explained Pointwise
Dear Friends, For those of you who plan to appear for IFoS, we are organising a strategy talk by Anuradha, who has secured Rank 3 in IFoS 2022. Interested candidates, who would like to seek her guidance can visit the offline center and have a small interaction with her. Especially for students… Continue reading IFoS AIR 3 Anuradha Mishra; Interactive session-1st Oct @ 5 PM
Dear Friends, Following are answers to Mains Marathon questions, we posted yesterday. About Mains Marathon – This is an initiative of ForumIAS to help/aid aspirants in their writing skills, which is crucial to conquering mains examination. Every morning, we post 2 questions are based on current affairs. The questions framed are meaningful and relevant to the exam.… Continue reading [Answered] Mains Marathon I Daily Answer Writing I September 28th, 2023
About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – Sep 29th 2023
Source: The post is based on the article “World Coffee Conference in Bengaluru from Sept 25 to 28” published in “ Business Standard” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? Bengaluru is all set to host the 5th World Coffee Conference(WCC). What is the World Coffee Conference(WCC)? Organized by: International Coffee Organisation (ICO) in… Continue reading World Coffee Conference in Bengaluru from Sept 25 to 28
Source: The post is based on the article “Social bonds explained as NABARD raises Rs 1,040 crore via its inaugural issue” published in “CNBC” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has issued its inaugural social bonds with a total size of Rs 1,040.50 crore. What… Continue reading Social bonds explained as NABARD raises Rs 1,040 crore via its inaugural issue
WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit co-hosted by Ministry of Ayush adopted ecofriendly methods aimed at reducing carbon emissions
Source: The post is based on the article “WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit co-hosted by Ministry of Ayush adopted ecofriendly methods aimed at reducing carbon emissions” published in “PIB” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? The Ministry of Ayush has been adopting and propagating eco-friendly methods to reduce carbon emissions and environmental pollution… Continue reading WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit co-hosted by Ministry of Ayush adopted ecofriendly methods aimed at reducing carbon emissions