9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief – December 30th, 2022

Dear Friends,

We have initiated some changes in the 9 PM Brief and other postings related to current affairs. What we sought to do:

  1. Ensure that all relevant facts, data, and arguments from today’s newspaper are readily available to you.
  2. We have widened the sources to provide you with content that is more than enough and adds value not just for GS but also for essay writing. Hence, the 9 PM brief now covers the following newspapers:
    1. The Hindu  
    2. Indian Express  
    3. Livemint  
    4. Business Standard  
    5. Times of India 
    6. Down To Earth
    7. PIB
  3. We have also introduced the relevance part to every article. This ensures that you know why a particular article is important.
  4. Since these changes are new, so initially the number of articles might increase, but they’ll go down over time.
  5. It is our endeavor to provide you with the best content and your feedback is essential for the same. We will be anticipating your feedback and ensure the blog serves as an optimal medium of learning for all the aspirants.
    • For previous editions of 9 PM BriefClick Here
    • For individual articles of 9 PM BriefClick Here

Current Affairs Compilations for UPSC IAS Prelims 2022

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 2

GS Paper 3

Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 2


From Bharat Jodo to Jan Aakrosh: The Yatra lives on

Source– The post is based on the article “From Bharat Jodo to Jan Aakrosh: The Yatra lives on” published in The Indian Express on 30th December 2022.

Syllabus: GS2- Polity

Relevance– Issues related to electoral [politics

News– The article explains the historical background and relevance of political yatras.

An opposition party leader is undertaking Bharat Jodo Yatra. In Behar, party in power will undertake another pan-state yatra. In Rajasthan also, opposition has been on a Jan Aakrosh Yatra since December 1.

What is the history of political yatras?

The idea of yatra has persisted since the days of Mahatma Gandhi. Despite Advances in the digital communication space, it refuses to fade away.

Its resilience shows that politics is essentially about people and personal contact remains key.

Gandhi awakened a nation against the colonial rulers with the Salt March in 1930. It showcased the Yatra as a powerful instrument of political assertion.

What are the purposes served by these yatra?

Over the years, yatra has been used to serve various purposes. These are used as a mobilisational tool and force multiplier. Sometimes they are undertaken for mere assertions of relevance.

Chandra Shekhar, could emerge as the country’s premier Opposition leader after his Bharat Yatra in 1983.

L K Advani’s Rath Yatra for a Ram temple at Ayodhya polarised the country and turned around the political fortunes of the BJP.

Nitish Kumar has undertaken several yatras as chief minister. His yatras are aimed at projecting the persona and achievements of the government in Bihar.

Are yatras enough to achieve political aims?

The yatra is not enough. Much work is needed to be done for its lasting effect.

A robust organisation is necessary to harness and channelise the energy generated by a yatra. It is required to build on its message and take it to the voters.


Friendly neighbours – on India Maldives relations

Source– The post is based on the article “Friendly neighbours” published in The Hindu on 30th December 2022.

Syllabus: GS2- India and its neighbourhood relationship

Relevance– India and Maldives relationship

News– The article explains the recent political developments taking place in Maldives and its relevance for bilateral relationship between India and Maldives

What are important developments taking place in Maldives?

Former Maldivian President Abdulla Yameen was convicted by a criminal court in the Maldives just a year ahead of general elections.

It could affect his plans to lead the opposition alliance due to constitutional provisions of Maldives.

Mr. Yameen did not enjoy a good relationship with India. As opposition leader, he has spearheaded the “India Out” campaign.

Mr. Yameen had close links with China. His conviction may provide some relief to India.

Why India needs to be cautious about recent developments in Maldives?

India’s infrastructure aid, credit lines, loans and commissioning of various projects have created visible impacts.

Close ties and high-level military exchanges since 2018 have raised speculation that India is eyeing a base.

While Mr. Yameen may not be allowed to run in the next election, this might make space for even more radical elements in the opposition combine.

The Solih government has been prompt in countering Mr. Yameen’s allegations. But, the protests have gained some traction in parts of the country.

What is the way forward for India?

India must keep a close watch on other parts of Maldivian politics. It includes the rift between India’s closest friends there, President Solih and former President Nasheed.

India must actively project the image of a friendly and helpful neighbour. It should not explicitly be seen as interfering in the electoral process.

The Government needs to tread carefully when it comes to domestic politics in Maldives.


Defending the constitutional order

Source– The post is based on the article “Defending the constitutional order” published in the Business Standard on 30th December 2022.

Syllabus: GS2- Appointment to various constitutional posts

Relevance– Independent working of institutions

News– The article deals with the issue of appointment of judges of higher courts and election commissioners.

What is the system of appointment of judges of higher courts?

The present procedure for the appointment of judges of higher courts is based on the SC judgements of 1993 and 1998. It involves a collegium of senior Supreme Court judges headed by the Chief Justice of India.

The executive can ask them to reconsider but it has to accept if the collegium reasserts its recommendation. However, it can hold up appointments by sitting on the recommendation.

The government introduced a law to set up a NJAC to make recommendations for higher court judge appointments. But this was struck down by the Supreme Court based on the argument that it compromised the independence of the judiciary from the executive.

What was the viewpoint of the constituent assembly on appointment of judges?

The Constituent Assembly debate on this matter clearly indicated a universal belief in ensuring the independence of the judiciary from the executive. Hence the Assembly took the middle ground. It was agreed to consultation with the Chief Justice.

According to Ambedkar, “it would be dangerous to leave the appointments to the executive, without any kind of reservation or limitation.

An amendment was proposed to replace the word “consultation” with the word “concurrence”. But, it was not accepted. Another rejected amendment was to involve the parliament.

What was the viewpoint of the constituent assembly on appointment of election commissioners?

According to the Constitution, the appointment of the election commissioners shall be made by the President, on the advice of the Cabinet.

In the Constituent Assembly, the committee on fundamental rights recommended that the independence of the elections should be provided for in the chapter dealing with fundamental rights. But, it was agreed that this should be in the part dealing with the establishment of an Election Commission.

The Assembly affirmed that the election management body should be freed from any kind of interference from the executive of the day.

What are issues with the appointment of election commissioners?

The strong role of the executive in the appointment of election commissioners has been rightly criticised. Short tenures of an average 20 months, since 2001 shows the politicization of appointment.

One of the chief CEC, after leaving office, held a ministerial position in the government.

Another instance of the executive dominance was rejection of CEC’s proposal to remove an election commissioner, whose independence was questionable. The commissioner concerned was later made a CEC.

What is the way forward for appointment of higher courts judges and election commissioners?

Election commissioners– The procedure for appointment needs to ensure the independence of the Election Commission. It should be made more transparent and acceptable to the electorate and the parties.

L K Advani in 2012, had suggested the appointment of the CEC by a committee chaired by the prime minister and which would include the chief justice, the law minister and the leaders of the Opposition in both houses. It may be considered.

There is a need for a more transparent system by making the collegium process more open to scrutiny. Executive should not be empowered beyond a certain level. The central goal must be to preserve the independence of the judiciary from the  executive.

The Constitution was drafted at a time when there was a commitment of politicians to democracy. Hence there were few safeguards for independence of institutions.

The political environment has changed. We now need an explicit process that maintains the independence and credibility of institutions that are central for democracy and the rule of law.


The Karnataka-Maharashtra border row

Source– The post is based on the article “The Karnataka-Maharashtra border row” published in The Hindu on 30th December 2022.

Syllabus: GS2- Issues and challenges pertaining federal structures

Relevance– Issues related to border disputes between states

News– The article explains the issues of Karnataka-Maharashtra border row.

What has been the politics around the dispute?

No national party is willing to take the risk and address the dispute.

This helped Maharashtra Ekikaran Samiti (MES) to sustain its fight. It has a single agenda of Belagavi’s inclusion into Maharashtra.

The MES-supported candidates have been winning one or more seats in the district since the 1957 Karnataka Assembly election. They were defeated in the 2018 Assembly elections. The MES is keen to revive its political fortunes in the 2023 elections.

The dispute strongly resonates in the cultural arena too. Two Sahitya Sammelanas were held in Belagavi in 2000 and 2003, respectively. These were the 73rd Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelana (ABMSS) and the 70th Akhil Bharatiya Kannada Sahitya Sammelana. Both events prepared the ground for the re-opening of the issue.

What is the recent controversy around Jath taluka?

CM Basavaraj Bommai said the government was “seriously considering” laying a claim on Jath taluka.

In 2021, all 40 gram panchayats of the drought-prone Jath taluka passed a resolution to join Karnataka. It stated that the Maharashtra government was unable to provide water to its people and they were being treated unfairly.

Violence broke out at Dhound village in Maharashtra when some pro-Marathi activists vandalized KSRTC bus. In retaliation, pro-Kannada activists blackened the boards of an MSRTC bus in Kalaburagi district.

For further reading- Karnataka Maharashtra Border Dispute

GS Paper 3


Leveraging voice technology to combat cyber-fraud

Source– The post is based on the article “Leveraging voice technology to combat cyber-fraud” published in The Hindu on 30th December 2022.

Syllabus: GS3- Basics of cyber security

Relevance– Use of biometrics for security

News– The article explains the use of Voice Technology for improving cybersecurity

What is the status of bank and cyber frauds in India?

Bank and cyber frauds in India are on the rise. According to data by the RBI, frauds have cost the country an estimated ₹100 crore a day over the last 7 years.

The frauds reported in 2021-22 were 23.69% higher than in the previous year, although there was a decline in the amount involved.

What is Voice Technology?

It encompasses voice biometrics or voice/speech recognition technology. It is one of the best ways to improve cybersecurity through the use of voice biometrics.

It uses the unique characteristics of a person’s voice as identification. The technology creates a digital voiceprint and compares it to a caller’s voice.

Why is it beneficial as compared to other biometrics?

Voice authentication can significantly improve security over knowledge-based authentication methods. Compared to other biometrics, voice use is the cheapest technology. It does not require a reader or special device. It is also non-invasive, portable and affords remote identification.

Banks have traditionally relied on the use of passwords. But, these are the weakest links in security. Unlike a password, a customer’s voice is impossible to copy. It is far more challenging to hack.

VT verifies a caller in a very short time by analysing the caller’s voice and flags suspicious calls.

VT allows privacy because it does not require users to reveal personal information.

The technology is sensitive enough to detect if someone is impersonating the user or playing a recording. It can identify even if the user has a cold or a sore throat.

What are the potential uses of Voice Technology?

The voice biometrics industry is growing exponentially now. Experts expect the market to reach a market size of $3.9 billion by 2026, with a compound annual growth rate of 22.8%.

Voice biometrics can help financial institutions to ensure higher levels of protection for customers and employees. In February 2019, HSBC became the first bank to introduce voice recognition for mobile banking customers. As a result, telephone banking fraud cases fell by over 50%.

Voice Technology is an essential tool for forensics and law enforcement. The police can leverage voice to improve investigation efficiency, identify criminals, track criminals, and better respond to crimes.

Voice is finding use in airport security to check criminal  background. Voice has a much lower error rate, and requires no eye contact.

VT has the advantage of improving user experience, reducing call handle times and call centre costs. It ensures high-accuracy authentication in seconds.

Voice could be an excellent tool for the Government to disburse money for various schemes and verify the proof of life of pensioners from their homes.

What are downsides of this technology?

The technology may not be 100% foolproof. It may give false positives, and has an accuracy between 90% and 99%.

But some recent systems which come with voice analytics of gender and age identification, claim 100% verification accuracy.

What needs to be done by the government?

The Government needs to develop a mechanism for proper coordination between financial institutions and the police to investigate and prosecute fraudsters.

It needs to maintain an extensive database of such criminals.


Dumping ground – India is a key importer of hazardous waste

Source: The post is based on the article “Dumping ground – India is a key importer of hazardous waste” published in Business Standard on 30th December 2022.

Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment

Relevance: concerns with waste disposal in India

News: The article discusses the impact of waste imports in India and problems with their inadequate regulation.

What is the current situation?

A report by Bloomberg states that Muzaffarnagar in the U.P. is a major dumping ground for plastic waste from the US.

These plastic wastes are used by the paper mills in substitute to wood pulp as a cheaper raw material. The law also permits up to 2 percent contamination in recycled paper. However, this law is being misused by the mills.

Further, some materials that can be recycled are given to mills and others are sold as fuel to sugar and paper mills. 

The boilers and furnaces of these mills are not hot enough to fully incinerate this waste leading to toxic emissions. Therefore, the residents of Muzaffarnagar inhale ash filled air with microplastics on a regular basis.

Another highlight of the report was the problem with domestic as well as imported e-waste. As per a UN report, up to 90 percent of the world’s electronic waste is deposited in India.

Some of the e-wastes are recycled and rests are burnt leading to the contamination of the air. This is happening even though the government banned the import of e-waste under rules notified in 2016.

These wastes provide a source of livelihood to ragpickers, unlicensed contractors, raddiwalas, etc. but they also get exposed to health hazards caused by it.

What is the way ahead?

There is a need to properly enforce the laws and provide a monitoring mechanism against this practice. However, concerns of recycling companies and the livelihood of rag pickers should also be kept in mind.


Strengthening cybersecurity – Govt must address vulnerabilities

Source: The post is based on the article “Strengthening cybersecurity – Govt must address vulnerabilities” published in Business Standard and “Ring Fencing Data – Ransomware attacks are rising fast. India needs to be ready. And the data bill must factor this in” published in “The Times of India” on 30th December 2022.

Syllabus: GS 3 – Cyber Security

Relevance: concerns with cyber-attacks on India

News: There has been an increase in the cyber-attacks in India which is a concern over the security of online data of citizens.

What is the present situation?

According to a report by CERT-In (India Ransomware Report), there has been a 51% year-on-year increase in ransomware incidents. A majority of attacks are on data centers.

Large databases of personal data are sold regularly. There have been lots of data breaches and leaks on smaller scales across multiple sectors. India has turned into a major hub for global cybercrime.

This has emerged as a public security challenge as India is moving towards a digital operating system for its social and economic activities.

The most serious problem comes from organized cyberattacks on large data repositories and critical public infrastructure such as AIIMS.

This problem has also become global in nature. For example, last year Ireland was forced to shut down its public healthcare service for a while due to the ransomware attack.

Moreover, India is the cheapest place in the world in terms of data tariff. It is also the nation with the highest per capita data consumption which allows it to generate a huge amount of data.

The data generation is likely to rise further after the launch of 5G and satellite broadband.

Digital platforms such as the Digital India initiative, the Unified Payments Interface and the Open Network for Digital Commerce have all caused an increase of the data online.

Therefore, there is an urgent need to look into the issue and prevent citizen’s data.

What can be the way ahead?

First, a personal data protection law needs to be implemented at the earliest. It should – a) offer the citizens both adequate protection and the chance of recompense for damaging data leaks, b) limit the data collection by all regulated entities, especially the biometrics because the government organizations who collect it may not all have high standards of cybersecurity, c) limit the discretion enjoyed by the regulated entities in deciding the time to inform the victims of the data breaches.

Second, awareness programs by agencies like the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) should be made for individuals, government, and businesses.


Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

Remote EVM to enable migrants to vote outside their States

Source: The post is based on the article “Election Commission says ready with remote EVM which will enable migrants to vote outside their States” published in The Hindu on 30th December 2022

What is the News?

The Election Commission of India has announced that it has developed a prototype for a Multi-Constituency Remote Electronic Voting Machine(RVM) which would enable remote voting by migrant voters.

What is Remote Voting?

Remote voting may take place in person somewhere other than an assigned polling station or at another time, or votes may be sent by post or cast by an appointed proxy.

Why do we need Remote voting?

Registered voters do not end up voting for a variety of reasons. One of the major contributors to this is domestic migration in the Indian context.

As per the 2011 census (the numbers will have risen since then), there were nearly 45.36 crore migrants in India (both intra and inter-state). It is approximately 37 percent of the country’s population. Migration can be driven by a variety of different reasons, from marriage to natural disasters to employment.

This means that there is a large chunk of the population that is denied its franchise due to exigencies of work or lack of resources to travel. This goes directly against the EC’s “No voter left behind” goal.

The idea behind Remote voting is to ensure these migrant voters participate in the electoral process.

What has the Election commission developed?

Source: TOI

The Election Commission has developed a Remote Electronic Voting Machine(RVM) to enable remote voting by migrant voters.

The RVMs are stand-alone, non-networked systems, effectively providing the voter the same experience as currently used EVMs.

They will be set up in remote locations outside the state under similar conditions as current polling booths.

The unique feature of RVMs is that a single Remote Ballot Unit (RBU) will be able to cater to multiple constituencies (as many as 72) by using a dynamic ballot display board instead of the usually printed paper ballot sheet on EVMs.

The Ballot Unit Overlay Display (BUOD) will show the requisite candidates based on the constituency number read on the voter’s Constituency card. A barcode scanning system will be used to read these cards.

What will be the voting process under RVM?

The voting process will be as follows: after verifying a voter’s identity, their constituency card will be read with a public display showing the constituency details and candidates. This will also be displayed privately, on the BUOD in the RVM’s RBU.

The voter will then vote, and each vote will be stored constituency-wise in the control unit of the voting machine.The VVPAT system is expected to work along the same lines with the new technology.

What are the challenges with remote voting?

Source: PIB


82% listed CPSEs don’t have mandated independent directors: CAG report

Source: The post is based on the article “82% listed CPSEs don’t have mandated independent directors: CAG report” published in Business Standard on 30th December 2022

What is the News?

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India(CAG) has raised concern over the high number of vacancies for the post of Independent directors in listed Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs).

Who is an Independent Director?

An Independent Director (also sometimes known as an outside director) is a director on a board of directors representing minority shareholders and who does not have a pecuniary relationship with the company or related persons, except for sitting fees.

Independent directors are required to report concerns about unethical behaviour, suspected fraud, or violations of the company’s code of conduct or ethics policy. 

They ensure the integrity of financial information, safeguard the interests of all stakeholders, and balance the conflicting interests of shareholders.

The Companies Act 2013 provides that every listed public company shall have at least one-third of the total number of directors as independent directors, and that the Central Government may prescribe a minimum number of independent directors for any other classes of a public company.

What does CAG report say about independent directors in listed CPSEs?

Source: Business Standard

There are a high number of vacancies for the post of independent directors in 59 of the 72 (82 per cent) listed central public sector enterprises (CPSEs).

While no Maharatna company has the mandated number of independent directors on its board, CPSEs such as Coal India Ltd (CIL), NHPC, Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL) have not appointed an independent director.

The Companies Act, as well as the guidelines issued by the Department of Public Enterprises, mandates that in case the chairman of the board is an executive director, at least half the board should have independent directors.

Hence, the CAG recommended the boards of directors of the listed CPSEs ensure compliance with these guidelines and regulations to bring in better transparency and accountability in their functioning.


Year End Review 2022 : Ministry of Food Processing Industries

Source: The post is based on the article Year End Review 2022 : Ministry of Food Processing Industriespublished in PIB on 28th December 2022

What is the News?

The Ministry of Food Processing Industries has launched several initiatives and schemes in 2022.

What are the schemes and initiatives launched by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries in 2022?

PM Formalisation of Micro Food Processing Enterprises(PMFME)

Joint convergence portal for different schemes run by Food Processing and Agriculture ministries

Operation Greens Scheme

Launched in: 2018

Type: Central Sector Scheme

Nodal Scheme: Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana

The scheme has two components: 1) Long Term Strategy and 2) Short Term Strategy i.e. Price Stabilization Measures through grant of transportation /storage subsidy.

In the Union Budget 2021-22, the scope of long-term interventions i.e. Integrated Value Chain Development Projects under the Scheme originally applicable to tomato, onion and potatoes (TOP) crops was enlarged to 22 perishable crops.

Production Linked Incentive Scheme(PLIS) for the Food Processing Industries

AAHAR 2022


India Australia Economic and Cooperation Trade Agreement comes into force

Source: The post is based on the article “India Australia Economic and Cooperation Trade Agreement comes into forcepublished in PIB on 29th December 2022

What is the News?

The India-Australia Economic and Cooperation Trade Agreement (Ind-Aus ECTA) has come into effect.

What is the India-Australia Economic and Cooperation Trade Agreement (Ind-Aus ECTA)?

Click Here to read

How will the agreement benefit both countries?

Australia is largely a raw material and intermediate-producing country. Hence, India will get cheaper raw materials from Australia which will not only make us more competitive globally but also enable us to serve Indian consumers better; enabling us to provide more quality goods at more affordable prices.

On the other hand, Australia, which is largely dependent on imports will also benefit hugely as they will soon start seeing a lot more finished goods coming in from India, providing a huge amount of work and job opportunities in both goods and services, provided by Indian talent.

The agreement will also eliminate double taxation on IT services, which were making us less competitive and making us less profitable in the IT sector.


Year-End- Review of DoPT(Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions)-2022

Source: The post is based on the articleYear-End- Review of DoPT(Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions)-2022published in PIB on 28th December 2022

What is the News?

The Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions has launched several initiatives and schemes in 2022.

What are the schemes and initiatives launched by the Department of Personnel and Training in 2022?

Karmayogi Prarambh Module: The Karmayogi Prarambh module is an initiative under the Mission Karmayogi.

– It is an online orientation course for the new recruits of various government departments.

– It will help new government employees to understand the code of conduct required to adapt to the new role.

– Ethics in the workplace, integrity, human resource policies and other benefits, allowances, etc., are some of the topics focused on by the module.

iGOT app: Integrated Government online learning (iGOT) has been launched on android platform to provide government employees any time, anywhere learning. 

– It will provide employees access to the courses available on iGOT portal through their mobiles phones.

– The app and the platform will allow all government employees, at multiple levels, to undergo continuous training, depending on their domain areas.

Probity Portal: In 2017, Probity portal was launched for obtaining the data from all the ministries/departments in respect of number of cases pending for sanction for prosecution, number of major and minor penalty disciplinary proceedings and review of non-performing government employees among others.

– The portal has now been revamped to improve the user experience and optimize the Portal to collect the data on new data points/parameters which will help in generating comprehensive reports on various modules.


Indian Army Inaugurates First-ever Two Storey 3-D Printing Dwelling Unit At Ahmedabad

Source: The post is based on the article “Indian Army Inaugurates First-ever Two Storey 3-D Printing Dwelling Unit At Ahmedabad” published in PIB on 29th December 2022

What is the News?

The Indian Army has inaugurated its first 3-D Printed House Dwelling Unit (with Ground plus One configuration) for soldiers at Ahmedabad Cantt.

About the first 3-D Printed House Dwelling Unit of Indian Army:

Constructed by: Military Engineering Services (MES) in collaboration with MiCoB Pvt Ltd 

Technique used: The technique utilizes a concrete 3D printer that accepts a computerized three-dimensional design and fabricates a 3-D structure in a layer-by-layer manner by extruding a specialized type of concrete specifically designed for the purpose.

Significance: Indian Army units have already applied 3D printing technology in construction of pre-casted permanent defences and overhead protection meant for operations. 

– These 3D structures are currently being validated over a period of one year and can be seen being incorporated in all terrains, the recent being in the UT of Ladakh.

Why is the Indian Army using 3D printing technology?

The 3D printing technology is able to withstand blasts and can be erected within 36 to 48 hours.They can also be relocated from one place to another. 

Further, the 3D printing technology can also help save time and cut the cost compared to what is needed in the construction of conventional units, like a bunker or a habitat for troops.


What ails the Ken-Betwa River link project?

Source: The post is based on the article “What ails the Ken-Betwa River link project?” published in The Hindu on 25th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment Relevance: concerns associated with the Ken-Betwa Link Project. News: The Steering Committee of the Ken-Betwa Link Project (KBLP) held its third meeting recently. KBLP is an important project but… Continue reading What ails the Ken-Betwa River link project?

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Building resilience for the long game

Source– The post is based on the article “Building resilience for the long game” published in the Business Standard on 25th January 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy and mobilisation of resources Relevance– Issues related to fiscal policy News-The article explains the economic scenario around the world and for India. It also provides some suggestions for… Continue reading Building resilience for the long game

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

The new and dark interpretations of ‘We the People’

Source– The post is based on the article “The new and dark interpretations of ‘We the People’” published in The Hindu on 25th January 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Polity Relevance– Working of institutions in Indian democracy News– The article explains the recent speech by the Vice-President about separation of powers. It tells about the features of… Continue reading The new and dark interpretations of ‘We the People’

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Developing schools without barriers

Source– The post is based on the article “Developing schools without barriers” published in The Hindu on 25th January 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Vulnerable action of the population Relevance– Issue related to disabled children News– The article explains the challenges faced by disabled children. It also explains various national and international initiatives that provide educational access… Continue reading Developing schools without barriers

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Working hand in hand to showcase India

Source– The post is based on the article “Working hand in hand to showcase India” published in The Hindu on 25th January 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Government policies and interventions Relevance– Tourism sector News– The article explains the steps taken by the Ministry of Tourism to promote coordination among various ministries. It also explains the draft… Continue reading Working hand in hand to showcase India

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Structural strength – The basic structure of the Constitution has authority

Source: The post is based on the article “Structural strength – The basic structure of the Constitution has authority” published in the Business Standard on 25th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary. Relevance: About basic structure doctrine. News: The Vice President of India in 83rd All-India… Continue reading Structural strength – The basic structure of the Constitution has authority

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Ponder This On R-Day – How to make governors constructive constitutional functionaries as originally envisaged by the republic

Source: The post is based on the article “Ponder This On R-Day – How to make governors constructive constitutional functionaries as originally envisaged by the republic” published in The Times of India on 25th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary. Relevance: About Friction between the state… Continue reading Ponder This On R-Day – How to make governors constructive constitutional functionaries as originally envisaged by the republic

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Joshimath On Sea? – Mega projects for Andaman and Nicobar need to be ultra-sensitive about ecology and tribes

Source: The post is based on the article “Joshimath On Sea? – Mega projects for Andaman and Nicobar need to be ultra-sensitive about ecology and tribes” published in The Times of India on 25th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Relevance: About Great Nicobar Project. News: Nearly 100… Continue reading Joshimath On Sea? – Mega projects for Andaman and Nicobar need to be ultra-sensitive about ecology and tribes

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Uniform Civil Code: Can the debate be extricated from identity politics and refocused on gender equality?

Source: The post is based on the article “Uniform Civil Code: Can the debate be extricated from identity politics and refocused on gender equality?” published in the Indian Express on 25th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Indian Constitution—significant provisions and basic structure. Relevance: About Uniform Civil Code. News: Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India can… Continue reading Uniform Civil Code: Can the debate be extricated from identity politics and refocused on gender equality?

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Why are corals in Thailand getting destroyed?

Source: The post is based on the article “Why are corals in Thailand getting destroyed?” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023. What is the News? Scientists found that corals of eastern Thailand are getting affected by Yellow band Disease which is killing corals over vast stretches of the sea floor. What is Yellow… Continue reading Why are corals in Thailand getting destroyed?

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Army looks to get hi-tech drones, robotic mules to replace animal transport

Source: The post is based on the article “Army looks to get hi-tech drones, robotic mules to replace animal transport” published in Indian Express on 24th January 2023. What is the News? Indian Army has floated three requests for proposals(RFPs) for procurement of 48 jetpack suits, 130 tethered drone systems and 100 robotic mules as… Continue reading Army looks to get hi-tech drones, robotic mules to replace animal transport

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

IMF confirms India’s finance assurances for Sri Lanka

Source: The post is based on the article “IMF confirms India’s finance assurances for Sri Lanka” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023. What is the News? The International Monetary Fund(IMF) has confirmed receiving India’s written financing assurance in support of Sri Lanka’s economic revival. Why is Sri Lanka seeking IMF assistance? Sri Lanka… Continue reading IMF confirms India’s finance assurances for Sri Lanka

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, Factly: IR, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Five billion people unprotected from trans fat leading to heart disease

Source: The post is based on the article “Five billion people unprotected from trans fat leading to heart disease” published in WHO on 23rd January 2023 What is the News? The World Health Organization(WHO) has released a report titled “Countdown to 2023 – WHO report on global trans fat elimination”. What are the key findings… Continue reading Five billion people unprotected from trans fat leading to heart disease

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, Index | Reports | Summits, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS) and its Complications

Source: The post is based on the article “Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS) and its Complications” published in PIB on 23rd January 2023. What is the News? Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics(IJBB), one of the premier monthly journals from CSIR-National Institute of Science Communication and Policy Research (NIScPR) has brought out a special issue on the… Continue reading Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS) and its Complications

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Switzerland is first WTO member to formally accept new Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies

Source: The post is based on the article “Switzerland is first WTO member to formally accept new Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies” published in WTO on 23rd January 2023 What is the News? Switzerland has become the first WTO member to formally submit its acceptance of the WTO’s new Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies. What is the… Continue reading Switzerland is first WTO member to formally accept new Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

What if risk of commercial release of GM Mustard is irreversible, Supreme Court asks government

Source: The post is based on the article “What if risk of commercial release of GM Mustard is irreversible, Supreme Court asks government” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023 What is the News? The Supreme Court has asked the Centre what will happen if the risk of commercial release of GM Mustard crop… Continue reading What if risk of commercial release of GM Mustard is irreversible, Supreme Court asks government

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Issues Related to Prisons and Prison Reforms – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction While addressing the Annual Police Meet, the Prime Minister called for Prison Reforms to improve jail management in India. Earlier, on the occasion of the Constitution Day (November 26, 2022), the President of India had expressed concerns over overcrowding of prisons. She had suggested decongesting of prisons and the need… Continue reading Issues Related to Prisons and Prison Reforms – Explained, pointwise

Posted in 7 PM, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

[Download] 9 PM Weekly Compilation – January, 2023 – 2nd week

Hello everyone, We are posting a Compilation of the 9 PM current affairs brief for the 2nd week of the Month of January. Click on the following link to download Download About 9 PM Current Affairs Brief: The idea behind the 9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief is to make aspirants aware of the important news from… Continue reading [Download] 9 PM Weekly Compilation – January, 2023 – 2nd week

Posted in 9 PM Brief, PUBLIC, Weekly compilations|Tagged , , , , |Leave a comment

Must Read Current Affairs Articles – January 25th, 2023

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – January 25th, 2023

Posted in Must Read News Articles|Leave a comment

Needed, a new approach to data protection for minors

Source– The post is based on the article “Needed, a new approach to data protection for minors” published in The Hindu on 24th January 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Awareness in the field of IT. GS2- Vulnerable sections of population Relevance– Children in the emerging digital ecosystem News– The article explains the child centric issues with the… Continue reading Needed, a new approach to data protection for minors

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Democracy and its structural slippages

Source– The post is based on the article “Democracy and its structural slippages” published in The Hindu on 24th January 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Polity Relevance– Democracy in modern times News– The article explains the features of modern and concept of equality. It also explains whether elections are truly free and fair. What are some features… Continue reading Democracy and its structural slippages

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Rock The Jailhouse – Too many Indians are locked up under dozens of obsolete laws. Legal reform must precede prison reform

Source: The post is based on the article “Rock The Jailhouse – Too many Indians are locked up under dozens of obsolete laws. Legal reform must precede prison reform” published in The Times of India on 24th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of vulnerable… Continue reading Rock The Jailhouse – Too many Indians are locked up under dozens of obsolete laws. Legal reform must precede prison reform

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

New Zealand PM Jacinda Ardern’s resignation spotlights the hard choices that women in politics often face

Source– The post is based on the article “New Zealand PM Jacinda Ardern’s resignation spotlights the hard choices that women in politics often face” published in The Indian Express on 24th January 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Polity Relevance– Women in politics News– The article explains the challenges faced by women in politics. What are the issues… Continue reading New Zealand PM Jacinda Ardern’s resignation spotlights the hard choices that women in politics often face

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Finetuning the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code

Source: The post is based on the article “Finetuning the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code” published in The Indian Express on 24th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Economic Development Relevance: proposals to make changes in IBC, 2016 News: The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), 2016 was brought with the aim to bring structural change in the resolution… Continue reading Finetuning the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

India needs to use its fiscal armoury to fight inequality

Source– The post is based on the article “India needs to use its fiscal armoury to fight inequality” published in the mint on 24th January 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Issues relating to poverty. GS3- Inclusive growth Relevance– Inequality and related issues News– The article explains the recent report of Oxfam about increasing inequality in India. It… Continue reading India needs to use its fiscal armoury to fight inequality

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Open IIT Gates – More women are taking a crack at the JEE. Good, because this gender disparity was glaring

Source: The post is based on the article “Open IIT Gates – More women are taking a crack at the JEE. Good, because this gender disparity was glaring” published in The Times of India on 24th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education. Relevance:… Continue reading Open IIT Gates – More women are taking a crack at the JEE. Good, because this gender disparity was glaring

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Kerala announces menstrual leave: Time to talk period

Source: The post is based on the article “Kerala announces menstrual leave: Time to talk period” published in The Indian Express on 24th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Social Justice Relevance: menstrual leave for women and associated concerns News: Kerala government has announced that it will grant menstrual leave for female students in all state universities… Continue reading Kerala announces menstrual leave: Time to talk period

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Endorsement disclosure – Fine violators, do not jail them

Source: The post is based on the article “Endorsement disclosures – Fine violators, do not jail them” published in Business Standard on 24th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Relevance: About guidelines for social-media influencers and celebrities. News:… Continue reading Endorsement disclosure – Fine violators, do not jail them

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

An India chapter for foreign universities

Source: The post is based on the article “An India chapter for foreign universities” published in The Hindu on 24th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education. Relevance: About foreign universities in India. News: Recently University Grants Commission (UGC) announced draft regulations for foreign… Continue reading An India chapter for foreign universities

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Employment days under Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Scheme at a five-year low

Source: The post is based on the article “Employment days under Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Scheme at a five-year low” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023. What is the News? The average days of employment provided per household under the Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) are at a five-year low… Continue reading Employment days under Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Scheme at a five-year low

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Artificial skyglow: The dark sky is a natural resource, and too much light is polluting it

Source: The post is based on the article “The dark sky is a natural resource, and too much light is polluting it” published in The Hindu on 24th January 2023. What is the News? According to a study, light pollution is growing rapidly and in some places, the number of stars visible to the naked… Continue reading Artificial skyglow: The dark sky is a natural resource, and too much light is polluting it

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Explained: How nuclear-powered rockets can send missions to Mars in 45 days

Source: The post is based on the article “Explained: How nuclear-powered rockets can send missions to Mars in 45 days” published in TOI on 22nd January 2023. What is the News? Recently, as part of the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts(NIAC) program for 2023, NASA selected a bimodal nuclear propulsion concept for Phase I development which… Continue reading Explained: How nuclear-powered rockets can send missions to Mars in 45 days

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

PM participates in ceremony to name 21 largest unnamed islands of Andaman & Nicobar Islands after 21 Param Vir Chakra awardees

Source: The post is based on the article “PM participates in ceremony to name 21 largest unnamed islands of Andaman & Nicobar Islands after 21 Param Vir Chakra awardees” published in PIB on 23rd January 2023. What is the News? The Prime Minister has named the 21 largest unnamed islands of the Andaman & Nicobar… Continue reading PM participates in ceremony to name 21 largest unnamed islands of Andaman & Nicobar Islands after 21 Param Vir Chakra awardees

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, Places in News, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

INS Vagir, fifth Scorpene submarine, commissioned

Source: The post is based on the article “INS Vagir, fifth Scorpene submarine, commissioned” published in The Hindu on 24th January 2023. What is the News? The fifth Scorpene class conventional submarine “INS Vagir” was commissioned into the Indian Navy. What is INS Vagir? INS Vagir is the fifth diesel-electric Kalvari-class submarine.  It is among… Continue reading INS Vagir, fifth Scorpene submarine, commissioned

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Netherlands sticks to plan to close Groningen gas field by October

Source: The post is based on the article “Netherlands sticks to plan to close Groningen gas field by October” published in Economic Times on 22nd January 2023. What is the News? The Netherlands has planned to shut down the Groningen gas field this year because of safety concerns. What is Groningen gas field? The Groningen… Continue reading Netherlands sticks to plan to close Groningen gas field by October

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: IR, Places in News, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

India-Maldives Relationship – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The External Affairs Minister of India recently visited Maldives. In a bid to strengthen the India-Maldives Relationship, the two countries signed pacts on several development projects. The EAM’s visit comes at a crucial time. Presidential elections are set to be held in Maldives in September 2023. The elections are important… Continue reading India-Maldives Relationship – Explained, pointwise

Posted in 7 PM, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Must Read Current Affairs Articles – January 24th, 2023

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – January 24th, 2023

Posted in Must Read News Articles|Leave a comment

IISc experts detect radio signal from atomic hydrogen in distant galaxy

Source: The post is based on the article “IISc experts detect radio signal from atomic hydrogen in distant galaxy” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023. What is the News? Astronomers from McGill University in Canada and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru have used data from the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope(GMRT)… Continue reading IISc experts detect radio signal from atomic hydrogen in distant galaxy

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

It’s time for India’s universities to join the world

Source– The post is based on the article “It’s time for India’s universities to join the world” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Issues relating to development and management of education Relevance– Higher education News– The article explains the specifications of the higher education sector in India. It also suggests some… Continue reading It’s time for India’s universities to join the world

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Oxfam inequality report: Taxing the ‘obscenely’ wealthy may not be the right solution

Source– The post is based on the article “Oxfam inequality report: Taxing the ‘obscenely’ wealthy may not be the right solution” published in The Indian Express on 23rd January 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy and mobilisation of resources Relevance– Inequality and taxation structure of India News– The article explains the Oxfam “Survival of Richest report”… Continue reading Oxfam inequality report: Taxing the ‘obscenely’ wealthy may not be the right solution

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

The gas paradox: Govt encouraging huge investment to push demand but imposing policies that deter domestic exploration and production

Source: The post is based on an article “The gas paradox: Govt encouraging huge investment to push demand but imposing policies that deter domestic exploration and production” published in Business Standard on 23rd January 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Economic Development Relevance: import dependency of India on oil and gas News: The article discusses the policies adopted… Continue reading The gas paradox: Govt encouraging huge investment to push demand but imposing policies that deter domestic exploration and production

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Aspirational Blocks Programme: Building blocks of Viksit Bharat

Source– The post is based on the article “Aspirational Blocks Programme: Building blocks of Viksit Bharat” published in The Indian Express on 23rd January 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Government policies and interventions Relevance– Government schemes for development of backward areas. News– The article explains the recently launched Aspirational Block Programme. It also explains some successful outcomes… Continue reading Aspirational Blocks Programme: Building blocks of Viksit Bharat

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

A reminder of the flaws in India’s urbanisation policies

Source– The post is based on the article “A reminder of the flaws in India’s urbanisation policies” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Urbanisation, their problems and their remedies Relevance– Issues related to urban finance and urban governance News– The article explains the scenario of urban finance in India. It provides… Continue reading A reminder of the flaws in India’s urbanisation policies

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

State actors and information warfare – We should recognise that many can play the game of manipulation targeting the Indian information space

Source: The post is based on an article “State actors and information warfare – We should recognise that many can play the game of manipulation targeting the Indian information space” published in Business Standard on 23rd January 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Technology Relevance: misuse of the internet technology News: Countries these days use the internet… Continue reading State actors and information warfare – We should recognise that many can play the game of manipulation targeting the Indian information space

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

‘Economy at risk from move to clean energy’

Source: The post is based on the article “Economy at risk from move to clean energy” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023. What is the News? According to a study published in the Global Environmental Change journal, India’s financial sector is highly exposed to the risks of the economy transitioning from being largely… Continue reading ‘Economy at risk from move to clean energy’

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

What is a ‘pantranscriptome’?

Source: The post is based on the article “What is a ‘pantranscriptome’?” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023. What is the News? Researchers at UC Santa Cruz(UCSC) have now reported on what they suggest is the first-ever method for analyzing RNA sequencing data genome-wide using a “pantranscriptome”. What is Pantranscriptome? Pan-transcriptome is a… Continue reading What is a ‘pantranscriptome’?

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

What is the Leopard 2 tank, and how could it help Ukraine against Russia?

Source: The post is based on the article “What is the Leopard 2 tank, and how could it help Ukraine against Russia?” published in Indian Express on 22nd January 2023. What is the News? Germany has not yet decided whether to allow its Leopard 2 tanks to be sent to Ukraine. What is Leopard 2?… Continue reading What is the Leopard 2 tank, and how could it help Ukraine against Russia?

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: IR, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Year End Review- 2022 : Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

Source: The post is based on the article “Year End Review- 2022 : Ministry of Road Transport and Highways” published in PIB on 4th January 2023. What is the News? The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has launched several initiatives and schemes in 2022. What are the schemes and initiatives launched by the Ministry… Continue reading Year End Review- 2022 : Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC, Year End Reviews|Tagged |Leave a comment

Puri’s Jagannath Temple: Why non-Hindus and foreigners can’t enter here

Source: The post is based on the article “Puri’s Jagannath Temple: Why non-Hindus and foreigners can’t enter here” published in Indian Express on 22nd January 2023. What is the News? The Odisha Governor has backed the entry of foreign nationals inside the world-famous Jagannath Temple in Puri. What is Lord Jagannath Temple? Lord Jagannath Temple… Continue reading Puri’s Jagannath Temple: Why non-Hindus and foreigners can’t enter here

Posted in Daily Factly articles, History and Art & Culture in News, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Mahabali frog waiting for official recognition

Source: The post is based on the article “Mahabali frog waiting for official recognition” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023 What is the News? Mahabali Frog is waiting to be elevated as the State Frog of Kerala. What is the Mahabali Frog? Mahabali Frog (Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis) also known as Purple Frog is one… Continue reading Mahabali frog waiting for official recognition

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment
Print Friendly and PDF
[social_warfare]