9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief – January 16th, 2023

Dear Friends,

We have initiated some changes in the 9 PM Brief and other postings related to current affairs. What we sought to do:

  1. Ensure that all relevant facts, data, and arguments from today’s newspaper are readily available to you.
  2. We have widened the sources to provide you with content that is more than enough and adds value not just for GS but also for essay writing. Hence, the 9 PM brief now covers the following newspapers:
    1. The Hindu  
    2. Indian Express  
    3. Livemint  
    4. Business Standard  
    5. Times of India 
    6. Down To Earth
    7. PIB
  3. We have also introduced the relevance part to every article. This ensures that you know why a particular article is important.
  4. Since these changes are new, so initially the number of articles might increase, but they’ll go down over time.
  5. It is our endeavor to provide you with the best content and your feedback is essential for the same. We will be anticipating your feedback and ensure the blog serves as an optimal medium of learning for all the aspirants.
    • For previous editions of 9 PM BriefClick Here
    • For individual articles of 9 PM BriefClick Here

Current Affairs Compilations for UPSC IAS Prelims 2022

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 2

GS Paper 3

Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 2


A matter of tenure and retirement of PSB chiefs

Source: The post is based on the article “A matter of tenure and retirement of PSB chiefspublished in Business Standard on 16th January 2023.

Syllabus: GS 2 – Government Policies & Interventions for Development

Relevance: benefits of raising the retirement age of bank’s chiefs.

News: The Ministry of Finance has issued the extension of the CEO of Bank of Baroda Sanjiv Chadha. He was about to retire this month. The article discusses the need for the increased tenure of the bank’s head.

What is the notification issued by the Finance Ministry for the top-level appointment at nationalised banks?

A finance ministry notification in November 2022 stated that the top-level appointment at nationalised banks could initially be for up to five years and extended by another five years.

Earlier, the norm was three years or till the age of 60, whichever was earlier.

Why is there a need to increase the retirement age of a bank’s head?

A longer tenure is essential because if the person is not from the same bank, as is often the case, it takes time to get adopted into the culture as every bank is different.

Further, it is also not easy for an executive from a small bank to run a large bank.

Many banks have young executive directors (EDs). Therefore, the extension of the tenure will ensure they are around till they are 60 or close to 60.

Moreover, lower retirement age makes the CEOs incapable of looking into balance sheets and cleaning them up because they want to leave the organisation happily and positively.

Therefore, increasing the retirement age would benefit the performance of CEOs and help banks clear balance sheets. 

Further, it will also ensure uniformity in the tenure of whole-time directors of the all-India financial institutions such as Small Industries Development Bank of India (Sidbi), National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (Nabard), etc.

What can be the way ahead?

First, there is a need to frame the qualifying criteria for top posts in all-India financial institutions to encourage young and deserving candidates.

Second, there is also a need for a comprehensive promotion policy for the entire financial sector, including banks, to attract talent.

Third, the whole-time directors’ tenure at SBI is capped at five years, irrespective of the age. However, the SBI chairman can remain at the position even after 60, even though the tenure is for three years.

Therefore, the tenure of whole-time directors of nationalised banks should be extended to 10 years. They should be allowed to be in the position even beyond 60, like SBI and like the tenure of a private bank’s CEO which is at 70.

Fourth, the new norm should also be extended for the top posts to SBI through an amendment to the State Bank of India Act.


India and the new global order

Source– The post is based on the article “India and the new global order” published in The Indian Express on 16th January 2023.

Syllabus: GS2- International relations

Relevance– India and Global south in changing world order

News– The article explains the importance of the recently held Global South summit for India. It also explains the possibility and challenges for India leadership of Global South.

What is the importance of the Global South summit that was recently convened by India?

The forum is an important effort by India to make global governance work for the developing nations. Their concerns do not get sufficient attention in international forums.

The forum has provided valuable inputs from the Global South. These could facilitate successful conclusion of G20 summit in Delhi

The forum is helpful for India in reconnecting with a global group of nations. This group has not been a priority for the Indian foreign policy establishment since the end of the Cold War.

Over the last three decades, Indian diplomacy has been focused on reordering its great power relations, bringing stability to the neighborhood and developing regional institutions in the extended neighborhood.

What is the case for India’s leadership of the global south?

120 odd nations attended the meeting. It underlines the willingness of Global South to support Indian leadership on addressing the global challenges that have impacted many developing countries.

The crises produced by the Covid-19 pandemic and the Russian war in Ukraine have had a devastating and disproportionate impact on the Global South.

The international context today is not amenable to major global initiatives. Multilateralism is now in danger due to growing military tensions among the great powers. There has been a breakdown of the world trading rules and the weaponization of global finance.

The idea of India as leader of the developing world appears to have gained much currency in Delhi.

What are difficulties for India in representing the interests of the global south?

India’s own past experience with the Non-Aligned Movement and the Group-77 developing nations points to the real difficulty of uniting the Global South.

There are deep economic differentiation and sharp political divisions among the developing nations.

India has its own enduring developmental challenges, despite its impressive aggregate GDP and growing economic, industrial, and technological capabilities.

What is the way forward for India?

India can’t simply be self-centred. It cannot abandon its long-standing equities in the Global South.

India needs to contribute in more significant ways to modernising and democratising the global order.

There is a need for careful balancing between nationalism and internationalism. A practical sense of what is feasible in today’s world, and a well-defined crafted hierarchy of Indian priorities on the global stage is required.


The rules of detachment – ON Military – Politics detachment

Source– The post is based on the article “The rules of detachment” published in The Indian Express on 16th January 2023.

Syllabus: GS2- International relations

Relevance– Issues related to politicisation of military

News– The article explains the recent debate in the US on keeping the armed forces apolitical. It also explains the relevance of this debate for Indian military establishment

Why is there a debate in the US on keeping the armed forces apolitical?

America is facing the threat of polarisation of its society. There is increasing enlistment of military veterans by politicians for boosting electoral prospects.

America does not require the military to remain “apolitical”. It demands a commitment to being “non-partisan” in their professional conduct. It means that regardless of personal political inclinations, military officers must give the elected civilian leadership their best professional advice and execute their lawful orders.

There are risks associated with the president, intent on politicising the military. The US President is also the commander-in-chief and approving authority for general-rank promotions. He could manipulate the process to fill senior military leadership positions with party and personal loyalists.

Why does India need to seriously consider this debate in the US?

There exists a similarity in the challenges currently faced by American and Indian democracies across political, societal and military domains.

In India, military personnel are prohibited from engaging in any kind of political activity by Acts of Parliament and service rules. Moreover, they have to take the oath of allegiance to the Constitution.

India’s armed forces, despite occasional criticism, had followed the “seniority-cum-merit” principle for promotion from the pool of C-in-Cs to the post of chief. Promoting the “senior-most of equals” obviated the possibility of political interference in military promotions.

The present government seems to have moved away from the constraint of “seniority”. It has started using an alternate definition of “merit” and promoted military officers over the head of their seniors.

This approach faces an inherent risk. An appointed officer who considers himself indebted to the political establishment can avoid professional military advice.

An even greater risk of politicisation has been created by the latest rules framed for selection of the Chief of Defence Staff. Apart from serving and retired chiefs, serving and retired officers of 3-star rank are eligible for the post of CDS. The upper age limit has been fixed at 62 years for all. The retirement age of CDS has been fixed at 65 years.

In almost all countries, the CDS is chosen from amongst the serving chiefs. Placing 3-star officers equivalent to the serving chiefs ignores the inherent merit and vast experience of military chiefs. It impacts the credibility of our promotion system.

There is no methodology available for assessment of professional competence. Selection will be based on political loyalty and personal preference. Such subjective and problematic criteria can lead to arbitrariness and politicisation.

GS Paper 3


Asia’s prospects: Status quo or a rougher ride?

Source: The post is based on the article “Asia’s prospects: Status quo or a rougher ride?published in Business Standard on 16th January 2023.

Syllabus: GS 3 – Economy

Relevance: Development model in Asia and issues associated with it.

News: The article discusses the prevailing Asia’s development model and the problems associated with it.

What are the features of Asia’s development model?

Asia’s development model is mainly based on – a) the way in which governments have used industrial policy to help new sectors and businesses develop, b) government’s reliance on business groups which is mostly absent in the advanced economies.

However, such reliance on business groups has negative consequences for the economy.

What are the issues with reliance on business groups?

Business groups and politicians both rely on each other for their mutual benefits.

For example, businesses protect politicians from competitors, provide them with cheap loans, subsidies, and public-sector contracts whereas politicians provide support through state-led initiatives, etc.

However, the problem with such business groups is that the market power is accumulated in few hands.

This power allows them to control the economy of a nation because of their large share in the economy. For example, the revenues of the largest 10 businesses account for around 15 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in India and China.

Further, businesses having connections with politicians do not allow the way for new businesses to come up in the market. Thus, it decreases the competition.

This decrease in competition withholds productivity growth and limits the number of high-quality jobs. 

It also limits the scope of innovation in any economy as resources are controlled by few and those companies which are good at innovation are unable to access the resources.

It further leads to accumulation of wealth in few hands along with capturing a large amount of economic territory of a nation.

Therefore, these kinds of connections between the politicians and business groups make other businesses and entrepreneurs unable to compete with large business groups along with workers unable to get good jobs.

What steps can be taken to improve these connections?

First, it will require a strict policy for the transformation. For example, the US under Franklin Roosevelt in the 1930s addressed the problem of business groups by prohibiting families acquiring the businesses and related-party transactions while enhancing protection for minority shareholders.

Second, coming up with additional tax on the ownership format can also be an effective incentive to change. For example, South Korea has introduced a high inheritance tax which aims to limit family control across generations.

Third, there is the need to limit the scope for politicians to benefits their business connections by bringing greater transparency and the strengthening of civil society.


Share, Don’t Gag – on land subsidence in Joshimath

Source: This post is created based on the article “Share, Dont Gag”, published in The Times of India on 16th January, 2022.

Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3, Disaster Management

News: The National Disaster Management Authority has ordered government institutions and officials to not share any information about land subsidence in Joshimath.

The order will stay in force till the final report of NDMA’s expert group is submitted.

The order is followed by the satellite report of ISRO that indicates subsidence of about 9 cm in seven months.

NDMA’s gag order is the second such instance in the recent past. A few weeks back ICAR issued a similar one for GM mustard.

What are the issues with restricting the information low?

First, NDMA’s report will come after a long time. The information vacuum left by the government will be filled by sources that can be untrue.

Second, satellite pictures of the region are not limited to ISRO’s, and plenty of foreign scientists are working on the Joshimath subsidence.

Third, global experience of Covid teaches us that stringent restrictions on the information flow is self-defeating.

Fourth, debates and disagreements expand the boundaries of knowledge and restricting information and debate trigger suspicion.


India, Qatar and the continuing saga of eight detained ex-Indian Navy officers

Source: This post is created based on the article “India, Qatar and the continuing saga of eight detained ex-Indian Navy officers”, published in Indian Express on 16th January, 2022.

Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3, Disaster Management

News: Eight retired Indian Navy personnel were arrested by Qatari authorities in August. They have been in imprisonment for 127 days in Doha on Saturday (January 14). Each has been kept in solitary confinement for the whole period of four and a half months.

What are the accusations against navy personnel?

Is it reported that most of the arrested men had been working at Dahra for four to six years at the time of their arrests. The men were arrested by the State Security Bureau, the Qatari intelligence agency in Sep, 2022.

Although, the charges against the men have not been made public, but their solitary confinement has led to speculation that they have been detained in connection with a security-related offence.

Neither family members, nor MEA officials are informed of the charges against them.

India and Qatar friendly ties

After the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit in November 2008, the relations between both countries are improving.

In 2021, India was among the top four export destinations for Qatar, and is also among the top three sources of Qatar’s imports. The bilateral trade is valued at $15 billion, which is mostly LNG and LPG exports from Qatar worth over $13 billion.

Defence co-operation signed in 2008, has been officially described as a “pillar” of Indian-Qatar ties. The pact included training of the QENF by India, as well as mutual visits.

QENF delegations participated in two maritime exercises in India last year

Last year, the two sides agreed to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations in 2023.

Challenges in India Qatar relations

First, recently, comments of one of the spokes persons of India’s ruling party, against Prophet sparked the controversy and Qatar demanded a public apology from India. The controversy was resolved after party sacked the spokesperson.

Second, the jailing of the eight ex-Navy personnel is the second big challenge. 800,000 Indians live and work in Qatar. India’s inability to resolve the issue quickly is sending wrong signal.

Third, there is an agreement between India and Qatar on the transfer of convicted prisoners to India, to serve their sentence. However, this case is still in the pre-trial stage and no charges have been framed against them yet.

Fourth, the softly approach by the government in this case is a shift from the approach of the late Sushma Swaraj. She made the welfare of Indians abroad her priority by reaching out personally to those in trouble or their families, including sending an air ambulance for a health emergency.

Fifth, in November 2019, then Southern Navy Command chief Rear Admiral R J Nadkarni told a meeting of an ex-sailors’ forum in Kochi that the Navy had taken measures to provide placement opportunities for retired personnel. He informed the meeting that MoU had been signed with the Qatar Navy in this regard. There would be more such agreements with other friendly nations. This incident will hinder the progress of this approach.


MV Ganga Vilas: A welcome push for riverine tourism

Source– The post is based on the article “MV Ganga Vilas: A welcome push for riverine tourism” published in The Indian Express on 16th January 2023.

Syllabus: GS3- Economy

Relevance– Issues related to tourism sector

News– The article explains the potential of riverine tourism in India.

Recently, the Prime Minister launched the MV Ganga Vilas from Varanasi.

What are some facts about MV Ganga Vilas?

The luxury 51-day cruise will be operated in partnership with private players by the Inland Waterways Authority.

It will traverse several states, two countries and make stops at about 50 tourist and heritage sites along the Ganga and Brahmaputra river systems.

It will generate employment for people living in these states.

What is the way forward to ensure sustainable growth in riverine tourism?

The employment generation must go hand-in-hand with ecological repair.

Issues of silting and pollution must be addressed by the government to realise its goal to increase cruise passenger traffic.

Sustainable growth is possible if it involves local communities.

There is huge potential for expansion of larger, luxury liners, riverine tourism. But, the expansion must take into account the best practices from around India and the world. Also, smaller vessels may pose less of an ecological challenge.


Why the government ought not to intervene with Amul

Source– The post is based on the article “Why the government ought not to intervene with Amul” published in The Indian Express on 16th January 2023.

Syllabus: GS3- Marketing of Agricultural Produce and Issues and Related Constraints

Relevance– Marketing of animal husbandry products

News– The article explains the difference between cooperative and company. It tells about Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation and reasons for its success. It also raises question marks on Sodhi’s recent exit as MD of GCMMF.

What is the difference between cooperative and companies?

Companies– They are investor-owned entities. They exist primarily to maximise their return on capital. The investors main goal is capital appreciation and the highest possible price for the shares.

Cooperatives– They are organisations owned by members. They could be producers or consumers. These members may own shares. But, they value the cooperative mainly for the services provided by them.

Success in this case does not depend on earnings per share. But the procurement price of produce and the timeliness of payment or the provision of quality cattle feed, farm extension and animal healthcare support, fertilisers and credit at least cost decides the success of the venture.

What is Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation and how it has benefited the farmers of Gujarat?

It is apex organisation of dairy cooperatives in Gujarat. It is owned by 36.4 lakh farmers pouring milk to 18,154 village-level societies across the state.

Between 2001-02 and 2021-22, GCMMF’s sales turnover rose from Rs 2,336 crore to Rs 46,481 crore.

In the last 20 years, the average procurement price paid to producers by GCMMF has gone up from Rs 184 to Rs 820 per kg of fat.

The producer’s share is over 80% in the price paid by consumers. It means farmers are getting the highest possible share in the consumer rupee.

What are the main reasons behind the success of Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation?

The main reason is professional management. The Amul organisational model has been based on an elected board of directors. They operate through a chief executive and his team, which include marketing and finance professionals, project engineers, veterinarians, agronomists and nutritionists.

This model has made GCMMF different from other state dairy cooperative federations. Their managing directors are usually IAS officers. They report to secretaries of animal husbandry and dairying departments. It makes boards and their managers non-accountable to farmers.

Why is the recent exit of the current MD raises some disturbing questions?

There is a long established tradition that political calculations will not impact the business operations of the cooperative.

There were reports that the decision to remove him was taken at a political level. It reduces GCMMF to a government departmental undertaking and with a board that’s neither independent nor accountable to farmers

During his 12 years as MD, GCMMF’s turnover went up nearly six times. The federation also began procuring from farmers in other states.


Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

1st Indian Architectural Heritage Sub-Committee Meeting for “Communicating India’s Scientifically Validated Traditional Knowledge to the Society(SVASTIK)”

Source: The post is based on the article1st Indian Architectural Heritage Sub-Committee Meeting for Communicating India’s Scientifically Validated Traditional Knowledge to the Society(SVASTIK)published in PIB on 15th January 2023.

What is the News?

CSIR-NIScPR hosted the first meeting of the Indian Architectural Heritage sub-committee as a part of SVASTIK Initiative.

What is SVASTIK Initiative?

Launched by: CSIR-National Institute of Science Communication and Policy Research (NIScPR)

Full Form: Communicating India’s Scientifically Validated Traditional Knowledge to the Society(SVASTIK)

Objective: To conserve the practice of the right tradition, inculcate scientific temper of verifying tradition in a scientific manner and instill confidence in citizens regarding the scientific value of our traditional knowledge/practices.

– Various research organizations, higher education institutions, experts and NGOs have joined hands with SVASTIK to document and disseminate content on scientifically validated Indian traditional knowledge.


Stirs by non-state actors a potential threat, says CRPF

Source: The post is based on the article Stirs by non-state actors a potential threat, says CRPFpublished in TOI on 16th January 2023.

What is the News?

The Central Reserve Police Force(CRPF) has briefed the Parliamentary Standing Committee on the Home Ministry on the future challenge to internal security.

What is the CRPF?

CRPF is India’s largest Central Armed Police Force(CAPF).It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs.

Mandate: It is currently engaged in assisting state police in law and order duties, counter-terror operations in J&K, anti-Naxal fight and security of vital installations and 129 VIPs.

What are the challenges to internal security highlighted by CRPF?

CRPF views agitations, particularly those fuelled by non-state actors, as a potential source of bigger unrest that could take the country’s system hostage. 

It also sees negative usage of social media for radicalisation and misinformation as well as asymmetric warfare waged by national and transnational players looking to exploit ethnic, social and religious differences to destabilize India in a short span of time as a future challenge to internal security.

How is CRPF planning to tackle these internal challenges?

Firstly, it hopes to counter these new age challenges by not only raising more battalions by the year 2047 but also through regular acquisition of latest weaponry, communication and transportation facilities.

Secondly, it aims to develop its capacity to ‘fight in built-up areas‘ (FIBUA) to counter the rising threat of “hybrid warfare” in urban settings by non-State actors purportedly supported by inimical States.

Thirdly, it aims to enhance its ISTAR (intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance) capabilities. 

Fourthly, it also intends to expose its personnel to international training programmes and joint exercises to enhance their skills in responding to the threat of asymmetric warfare and VIP security.


Union Minister says, Entire Country will be covered by Doppler Weather Radar Network by 2025 to predict extreme weather events more accurately

Source: The post is based on the article Union Minister says, Entire Country will be covered by Doppler Weather Radar Network by 2025 to predict extreme weather events more accuratelypublished in PIB on 15th January 2023.

What is the News?

The Union Minister of Earth Sciences has said, Entire Country will be covered by the Doppler Weather Radar Network by 2025 to predict extreme weather events more accurately.

What are Doppler Weather Radars(DWRs)?

Click Here to read

Significance of DWRs for disaster mitigation: 

The DWRs will be used to observe the extent and intensity of rainfall and cloud formations and to monitor thunderstorms and lightning in real time. 

This technology can prove to be an important tool to prevent disasters in many states, specifically the ones affected by thunderstorms, lightning, floods and heavy rains. 

Among all extreme weather events in India in 2022, thunderstorms and lightning claimed the highest 1,285 lives (58% of total casualties of 2,227) followed by floods and heavy rains (835).

What are the other plans of the Government for disaster mitigation?

India Meteorological Department(IMD) has plans to:

Firstly, establish 720 District Agro Meteorological Units (DAMUs) to provide farmers with more specific farm-related advisories and forecasts by 2025. 

Secondly, increase the number of agro-meteorological service facilities from 3,100 blocks in 2023 to 7,000 blocks in 2025. 

Thirdly, include Delhi, Kolkata and Guwahati in its urban flood warning system which is already operational in Mumbai and Chennai.


SPIC MACAY and Ministry of Culture collaborates for ‘Music in the Park’ series under “Shruti Amrut”

Source: The post is based on the articleSPIC MACAY and Ministry of Culture collaborates for ‘Music in the Park’ series under Shruti Amrutpublished in PIB on 15th January 2023.

What is the News?

SPIC MACAY has organized its very popular ‘Music in the Park’ series this year under the name “Shruti Amrut”in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture and the New Delhi Municipal Council.The beauty of Indian Classical Music was showcased  by eminent artists from across the country.

What is SPIC MACAY?

Full Form: Society for the Promotion of Indian Classical Music And Culture Amongst Youth (SPIC MACAY).

Founded in: It is a non-political, nationwide, voluntary movement founded in 1977 by Dr. Kiran Seth, Professor-Emeritus at IIT-Delhi who was awarded the ‘Padma Shri’ for his contribution to the arts in 2009.

Mandate: To promote the tangible & intangible aspects of Indian & world heritage by organizing programs and workshops on Indian Classical, Folk Music and dance, Yoga, meditation, crafts, and other aspects of Indian culture.


‘Soul of Steel’ expedition to challenge high altitude endurance for civilians

Source: The post is based on the article ‘Soul of Steel’ expedition to challenge high altitude endurance for civilians published in The Hindu on 14th January 2023.

What is the News?

The Defence Minister has kick-started the ‘Soul of Steel’ challenge.

What is the Soul of Steel Challenge?

Launched by: CLAW Global (veterans organization) with the support of Indian Army.

Aim: To promote High-Altitude Endurance And Adventure.With this, it also aims to promote tourism and boost the economy in the mountainous region of Uttarakhand.

– The idea behind Soul of Steel is pooling of skill sets and creating a challenge that will unlock the human ability to survive, stabilize and thrive in high altitude areas.

– The challenge is based on the lines of the ‘Ironman triathlon’ long-distance triathlon challenge in Europe, which tests an individual’s grit and endurance.

Significance: The challenge would enable life skill training, youth development, global promotion of adventure tourism in Uttarakhand apart from displaying the skill set of veterans.

What is CLAW Global?

Click Here to read


Yuva Sangam registration portal launched

Source: The post is based on the article “Yuva Sangam registration portal launched” published in PIB on 7th February 2023. What is the News? The Union Minister of Education has launched the “Yuva Sangam” portal. What is Yuva Sangam? It is an initiative of the Prime Minister of India. Aim: To build close ties between… Continue reading Yuva Sangam registration portal launched

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No Bar of Res-judicata on Second Petition for Divorce If It Is Founded on New Facts: Madras HC

Source: The post is based on the article “No Bar of Res-judicata on Second Petition for Divorce If It Is Founded on New Facts: Madras HC” published in News18 on 7th February 2023. What is the News? Madras High Court has recently dismissed a civil revision petition filed by a woman against an order of… Continue reading No Bar of Res-judicata on Second Petition for Divorce If It Is Founded on New Facts: Madras HC

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Stone-age carvings found in Aravalis in Gurugram

Source: The post is based on the article “Stone-age carvings found in Aravalis in Gurugram” published in TOI on 7th February 2023. What is the News? Various Paleolithic paintings found in the Aravalli hills and the latest discovery of stone carvings in the Badshahpur area of Gurugram has widened the trove of history in the… Continue reading Stone-age carvings found in Aravalis in Gurugram

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NCAER Report on Farm Machinery Industry in India presented to MoS (Agriculture) Ms. Shobha Karandlaje

Source: The post is based on the article “NCAER Report on Farm Machinery Industry in India presented to MoS (Agriculture) Ms. Shobha Karandlaje” published in PIB on 7th February 2023. What is the News? National Council of Applied Economic Research(NCAER) has released a report titled “Making India a Global Power House on Farm Machinery Industry”.… Continue reading NCAER Report on Farm Machinery Industry in India presented to MoS (Agriculture) Ms. Shobha Karandlaje

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Row over Nagaland DGP: How are state police chiefs appointed?

Source: The post is based on the article “Row over Nagaland DGP: How are state police chiefs appointed?” published in Indian Express on 7th February 2023. What is the News? The Nagaland government has issued an order appointing Rupin Sharma as Director General of the state police. The order was passed after Nagaland challenged the… Continue reading Row over Nagaland DGP: How are state police chiefs appointed?

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Department of Animal Husbandry implements various schemes to promote and develop animal husbandry and dairying sector across the country

Source: The post is based on the article “Department of Animal Husbandry implements various schemes to promote and develop animal husbandry and dairying sector across the country” published in PIB on 7th February 2023. What is the News? The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying is implementing various schemes to supplement the efforts of States/UTs… Continue reading Department of Animal Husbandry implements various schemes to promote and develop animal husbandry and dairying sector across the country

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Dhamaal: The incredible story of how East African culture shaped the music of a state in India

Source: The post is based on the article “Dhamaal: The incredible story of how East African culture shaped the music of a state in India” published in Down To Earth on 7th February 2023. What is the News? The story of Dhamaal performance traditions by Siddis reveals the rich and complex mixing of cultures in… Continue reading Dhamaal: The incredible story of how East African culture shaped the music of a state in India

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Why railways around the world are ditching diesel for hydrogen

Source: The post is based on the article “Why railways around the world are ditching diesel for hydrogen” published in TOI on 7th February 2023. What is the News? Indian Railways has planned to operate 35 hydrogen-powered trains on various heritage and hilly routes in India under its ‘Hydrogen for Heritage’ Project. What is Hydrogen… Continue reading Why railways around the world are ditching diesel for hydrogen

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CAR T-cell therapy: the next step towards a holistic treatment of cancer

Source: The post is based on the article “CAR T-cell therapy: the next step towards a holistic treatment of cancer” published in Indian Express on 7th February 2023. What is the News? The three major forms of treatment for any cancer are surgery (removing the cancer), radiotherapy (delivering ionising radiation to the tumour), and systemic… Continue reading CAR T-cell therapy: the next step towards a holistic treatment of cancer

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What has the Union Budget allocated to minorities?

Source: The post is based on the article “What has the Union Budget allocated to minorities?” published in The Hindu on 8th February 2023. What is the News? The Union Budget for 2023-24 came with a reduction of 38% in funds for the Ministry of Minority Affairs. Which schemes might be impacted due to the… Continue reading What has the Union Budget allocated to minorities?

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Signs of a weakening public sector

Source: The post is based on the article “Signs of a weakening public sector” published in the Business Standard on 8th February 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Government Budgeting. Relevance: About fiscal relations between the Centre and states and PSUs. News: The Budget reveals the nature of the Centre’s financial engagement with public sector undertakings… Continue reading Signs of a weakening public sector

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Make In IndAIa – As Google comes up with a ChatGPT rival & AI becomes ubiquitous, here’s what GoI must do

Source: The post is based on the article “Make In IndAIa – As Google comes up with a ChatGPT rival & AI becomes ubiquitous, here’s what GoI must do” published in The Times of India on 8th February 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Awareness in the fields of IT. Relevance: About AI research. News: Recently,… Continue reading Make In IndAIa – As Google comes up with a ChatGPT rival & AI becomes ubiquitous, here’s what GoI must do

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A quick reset – India and Canada are looking at the big picture as they put behind discord

Source: The post is based on the article “A quick reset – India and Canada are looking at the big picture as they put behind discord” published in The Hindu on 8th February 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Relevance: About bilateral ties… Continue reading A quick reset – India and Canada are looking at the big picture as they put behind discord

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Hydroelectric Projects in India: Status, Benefits and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Joshimath crisis in Uttarakhand has led to large scale displacement of the local population. The Government has halted all construction activity in the region. The reason for the crisis is being attributed to development projects being undertaken in the region. This has brought attention to the large-scale hydroelectric projects… Continue reading Hydroelectric Projects in India: Status, Benefits and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

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[UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #39 : Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla Board, PSIR Optional, Tamil Nadu Home State

Board: Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla (Retd.) Optional: PSIR Background: Civil Engg Home State: Tamil Nadu 4th interview No questions from the hobbies/interests To view all IAS Interview Transcripts 2022, visit this page Chairman Which place are you from? Why psir after graduation in engg? Have you gained interest in IR? There’s a diplomat called George Schultz.… Continue reading [UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #39 : Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla Board, PSIR Optional, Tamil Nadu Home State

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[UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #38 : RN Choubey Board, Geography Optional, watching Japanese anime, Running Hobbies

Date of Interview: 3rd Feb afternoon 5th to go Board: RN Choubey Background: Physics, Optional: Geography Hobbies: watching Japanese anime, Running Sports: chess, and hockey Extremely cordial board (well what can you expect from Choubey sir’s board) JUST RANDOM THINGS, JUST 2-3 QUESTIONS FROM DAF CANT SAY HOW TO JUDGE Wished everyone – Good afternoon… Continue reading [UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #38 : RN Choubey Board, Geography Optional, watching Japanese anime, Running Hobbies

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[UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #37 : RN Choubey Board, Philosophy Optional, Bihar Home State, Vipassna, Guitar Hobbies

Date of Interview: 2nd Feb Afternoon Board: RN Choubey Background: BSc Physics Optional: Philosophy Home State: Bihar 3rd attempt , 1st Interview Hobbies: Vipassna, Guitar, reading self-improvement books Extremely cordial board … First minute was briefing and then given choice to remove the mask To view all IAS Interview Transcripts 2022, visit this page Chairman… Continue reading [UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #37 : RN Choubey Board, Philosophy Optional, Bihar Home State, Vipassna, Guitar Hobbies

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Must Read Current Affairs Articles – February 8th, 2023

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – February 8th, 2023

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Jammu, village defence and governance

Source– The post is based on the article “Jammu, village defence and governance” published in The Hindu on 7th February 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Security Relevance– Security situation in Jammu and Kashmir News– There is a rise in terror-related strikes in the relatively peaceful Jammu division, especially in the border districts. Recently, the government decided to… Continue reading Jammu, village defence and governance

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The freedom of speech and an ‘adolescent India’

Source– The post is based on the article “The freedom of speech and an ‘adolescent India’” published in The Hindu on 7th February 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Significant provisions of constitution Relevance– Right to freedom in India News– The article explains the notions of freedom of speech in India and the west. It also explains the… Continue reading The freedom of speech and an ‘adolescent India’

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CEO NITI Aayog Param Iyer on Budget 2023-24: An infrastructure push for the people

Source– The post is based on the article “CEO NITI Aayog Param Iyer on Budget 2023-24: An infrastructure push for the people” published in The Indian Express on 7th February 2023. Syllabus: GS2-Budgeting Relevance: Infrastructure creation News- The article explains how Budget 2023 gives a powerful thrust to infrastructure development . What are the announcements… Continue reading CEO NITI Aayog Param Iyer on Budget 2023-24: An infrastructure push for the people

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Budget 2023-24 ignores rural distress, tries to fix demand problem with supply interventions

Source– The post is based on the article “Budget 2023-24 ignores rural distress, tries to fix demand problem with supply interventions” published in The Indian Express on 7th February 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Budgeting Relevance:Rural development News- The article emphasises the need to prioritise allocations towards reviving consumption demand and  spurring private investment . What are… Continue reading Budget 2023-24 ignores rural distress, tries to fix demand problem with supply interventions

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Instead of criminalising child marriage, Assam CM Himanta Biswa Sarma should heed PM Modi’s call of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao

Source: The post is based on the article “Instead of criminalising child marriage, Assam CM Himanta Biswa Sarma should heed PM Modi’s call of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao” published in The Indian Express on 7th February 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Social Justice Relevance: evolution of laws on child marriages in India News: The Assam government has… Continue reading Instead of criminalising child marriage, Assam CM Himanta Biswa Sarma should heed PM Modi’s call of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao

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What will drive global growth?

Source: The post is based on the article “What will drive global growth?” published in Business Standard on 7th February 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Growth and Development Relevance: factors responsible for growth in A-10 economies News: The demographic shift in 10 major Asian economies (the A-10: China, India, Indonesia, Japan, the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Korea, Malaysia,… Continue reading What will drive global growth?

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How are earthquakes measured and how massive is the Turkey one?

Source: This post is created based on the article “How are earthquakes measured and how massive is the Turkey one?”, published in Indian Express on 7th Feb, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3, Disaster management News: Recently, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck south-central Turkey and Northwest Syria. Reports have put the number of fatalities… Continue reading How are earthquakes measured and how massive is the Turkey one?

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Ballooning Options To Spy

Source: This post is created based on the article “Ballooning Options To Spy”, published in Times of India on 7th Feb, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3, Science and technology, News: The Chinese airship that was shot down over US soil brought to light new spying technologies, some of which India should work on. Advantages… Continue reading Ballooning Options To Spy

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[UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #36 : RN Choubey Board, Agriculture Optional, Tamil Nadu Home State, Hydroponics Hobby

Date of Interview: 03rd Feb Board: RN Choubey Home State: Tamil Nadu Work: Indian Forest Sevice Hobby: Hydroponics Optional: Agriculture To view all IAS Interview Transcripts 2022, visit this page Chairman Tell us about your Work experience. You are already in a good service, why you wanted to appear in the⁸ exam again ? Your… Continue reading [UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #36 : RN Choubey Board, Agriculture Optional, Tamil Nadu Home State, Hydroponics Hobby

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Jupiter Now Has The Biggest Family Of Planets With 12 Newly Discovered Moons

Source: The post is based on the article “Jupiter Now Has The Biggest Family Of Planets With 12 Newly Discovered Moons” published in Indian Express on 7th February 2023. What is the News? Jupiter isn’t just the largest and most massive planet in the solar system. It now also has the largest number of moons… Continue reading Jupiter Now Has The Biggest Family Of Planets With 12 Newly Discovered Moons

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India, Canada FMs discuss Indo-Pacific cooperation, trade

Source: The post is based on the article “India, Canada FMs discuss Indo-Pacific cooperation, trade” published in The Hindu on 7th February 2023. What is the News? India’s External Affairs Minister met the Canadian Foreign Minister. They discussed ways to deepen their bilateral partnership and exchanged views on the global situation, particularly in the Indo-Pacific… Continue reading India, Canada FMs discuss Indo-Pacific cooperation, trade

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Why the MCD House elections have been stalled for the third time

Source: The post is based on the article “Why the MCD House elections have been stalled for the third time” published in Indian Express on 7th February 2023. What is the News? The Presiding Officer for the mayoral election in the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) has said that aldermen — who are nominated members… Continue reading Why the MCD House elections have been stalled for the third time

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ST commission functioning with less than 50% of its approved strength

Source: The post is based on the article “ST commission functioning with less than 50% of its approved strength” published in The Hindu on 7th February 2023. What is the News? Data presented by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs(MoTA) has revealed that the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes(NCST) is currently functioning with less than 50%… Continue reading ST commission functioning with less than 50% of its approved strength

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India joins UAE, France for trilateral on clean energy, counter-pandemic steps

Source: The post is based on the article “India joins UAE, France for trilateral on clean energy, counter-pandemic steps” published in The Hindu on 6th February 2023. What is the News? India, France and the United Arab Emirates(UAE) have announced the creation of a formal trilateral cooperation initiative. The idea of this partnership was first… Continue reading India joins UAE, France for trilateral on clean energy, counter-pandemic steps

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India to send disaster relief teams to quake-hit Turkey

Source: The post is based on the article “India to send disaster relief teams to quake-hit Turkey” published in The Hindu on 7th February 2023. What is the News? The Prime Minister has declared that India will provide all possible assistance to Turkey to deal with the devastating earthquake that hit the country  India will send… Continue reading India to send disaster relief teams to quake-hit Turkey

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UNESCO to soon declare Visva-Bharati world’s first living heritage university

Source: The post is based on the article “UNESCO to soon declare Visva-Bharati world’s first living heritage university” published in Indian Express on 7th February 2023. What is the News? Visva-Bharati University will soon get the ‘heritage’ tag from UNESCO to take the distinction of world’s first living heritage university. What is Visva-Bharati University? Visva-Bharati… Continue reading UNESCO to soon declare Visva-Bharati world’s first living heritage university

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Prime Minister launches E20 Fuel & flags off Green Mobility Rally in Bengaluru

Source: The post is based on the article “Prime Minister launches E20 Fuel & flags off Green Mobility Rally in Bengaluru” published in PIB on 6th February 2023. What is the News? Prime Minister inaugurated India Energy Week (IEW) 2023 in Bengaluru. He launched multiple initiatives in the field of green energy including E20 fuel… Continue reading Prime Minister launches E20 Fuel & flags off Green Mobility Rally in Bengaluru

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Voice deepfakes: how they are generated, used, misused and differentiated

Source: The post is based on the article “Voice deepfakes: how they are generated, used, misused and differentiated” published in The Hindu on 7th February 2023. What is the News? Several users of the social media platform 4chan used “speech synthesis” and “voice cloning” service provider, ElevenLabs, to make Voice Deepfakes of celebrities like Emma… Continue reading Voice deepfakes: how they are generated, used, misused and differentiated

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Energy Transition: Challenges and Solutions – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The window for climate action is shortening rapidly. IPCC Sixth Assessment Report had pointed out that Earth will warm up by 1.5°C (above pre-Industrial level) over the next couple of decades. According to NASA, the planet’s average temperature was 1.02°C warmer in 2020 than the mean temperature between 1950-80. If… Continue reading Energy Transition: Challenges and Solutions – Explained, pointwise

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End-of-life decisions – SC’s tweaks on directive norms are welcome, but legislation will be better

Source: The post is based on the article “End-of-life decisions – SC’s tweaks on directive norms are welcome, but legislation will be better” published in The Hindu on 7th February 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health. Relevance: About advance medical directives. News: In a… Continue reading End-of-life decisions – SC’s tweaks on directive norms are welcome, but legislation will be better

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The demand for MGNREGS work is unmet

Source: The post is based on the article “The demand for MGNREGS work is unmet” published in The Hindu on 7th February 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes. Relevance: About the demand for MGNREGS. News: The allocation… Continue reading The demand for MGNREGS work is unmet

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Municipal Mess – From MCD to BMC, paralysis of urban local bodies undermines local governance and democracy

Source: The post is based on the article “Municipal Mess – From MCD to BMC, paralysis of urban local bodies undermines local governance and democracy” published in The Times of India on 7th February 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Relevance: About MCD mayor… Continue reading Municipal Mess – From MCD to BMC, paralysis of urban local bodies undermines local governance and democracy

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Women-centric development – India Inc must help enhance the role of women in nation building

Source: The post is based on the article “India Inc must help enhance the role of women in nation building” published in Live Mint on 7th February 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.. Relevance: About women-centric development. News: A paradigm shift is observed in reorienting India’s direction of economic… Continue reading Women-centric development – India Inc must help enhance the role of women in nation building

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[UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #35 : Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla Board, History Optional, Hosting quizzes, pencil sketching Hobbies

Date of Interview: 01/02/23 Afternoon Board: Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla (Retd.) Optional: History Background: IIT Madras Hobbies: Hosting quizzes, pencil sketching Your experience in Interview: No pleasantries to make the interviewee comfortable. Expressionless faces. Slight smiles at times. Entire board was attentive to the answers. Overall good experience. Utility of mocks or O2O (if any)-… Continue reading [UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #35 : Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla Board, History Optional, Hosting quizzes, pencil sketching Hobbies

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[UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #34 : Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla Board, Chemistry Optional, leadership Hobby

Date of Interview: 2nd Feb forenoon (4th to go) Board: Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla (Retd.) Background: dual degree (Btech + Mtech) in civil engineering from an old IIT Optional: Chemistry Hobbies: leadership, etc – no Qs asked DAF keywords: patent granted in treatment of water using solar energy and a medical device presented in the festival… Continue reading [UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #34 : Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla Board, Chemistry Optional, leadership Hobby

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[UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #33 : RN Choubey Board, IPS Service, Badminton Hobby

Date of Interview: 3/2/23 Second Half Board: RN Choubey Optional: No point in knowing. He didn’t ask anything Background: ek IIT hai. Profession: (if any)- IPS hun. Hobbies: Badminton. Your experience in interview- To view all IAS Interview Transcripts 2022, visit this page Chairman Why IAS? Ips UP vs IAS Mizoram. Replacement rate and it’s… Continue reading [UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #33 : RN Choubey Board, IPS Service, Badminton Hobby

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[UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #32 : Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla Board, PSIR Optional, Swimming, Sports Hobbies

Board: Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla (Retd.) Optional: PSIR Background: CIVIL ENGINEER Hobbies: KICKBOXING(medal), TAEKWONDO(sports), EVENTHEAD OF CHESS  COMPETITION( leadership), SWIMMING Your experience in interview- It was very cordial, it’s difficult to say what they are thinking about our answers  very neutral emotions of panel. Wished Good afternoon Ma’am, Good afternoon Sir. Chairman Sir told me to… Continue reading [UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #32 : Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla Board, PSIR Optional, Swimming, Sports Hobbies

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Must Read Current Affairs Articles – February 7th, 2023

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – February 7th, 2023

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[UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #31 : M Sathiyavathy Board, Maharashtra Home state, solo travel, learning new languages Hobbies

Date of Interview: 3 February, Friday, 5th person to go Board: M Sathiyavathy  Home State: Maharashtra Background:  Mechanical engineering Hobbies: solo travel, learning new languages, visiting historical sites Achievements: leadership experience, volunteering, sports, scholarship. Work exp: HR consulting, SBI, ESIC , currently sebi grade A officer To view all IAS Interview Transcripts 2022, visit this page… Continue reading [UPSC Interview 2022] – Transcript #31 : M Sathiyavathy Board, Maharashtra Home state, solo travel, learning new languages Hobbies

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Scientists’ take on the Union Budget 2023-24

Source: The post is based on an article “Scientists’ take on the Union Budget 2023-24” published in The Hindu on 6th February 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Budget Relevance: announcement made in the Budget 2023-24 for science and technologies. News: The article discusses how various science and tech organizations can play the role on the announcement made… Continue reading Scientists’ take on the Union Budget 2023-24

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Our growth needs deep analysis more than constant trumpeting

Source– The post is based on the article “Our growth needs deep analysis more than constant trumpeting” published in the mint on 6th February 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Indian economy and growth Relevance– Growth trends of Indian economy News– A close look at trends of economy in global comparison raises some questions Why is there confusion… Continue reading Our growth needs deep analysis more than constant trumpeting

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The discrepancies in the latest AISHE report

Source– The post is based on the article “The discrepancies in the latest AISHE report” published in The Hindu on 6th February 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Issues related to development and management of education Relevance– Statistics about higher education in India News– The All-India Survey on Higher Education 2020-21 report was released recently. What is the… Continue reading The discrepancies in the latest AISHE report

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