9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief – January 23rd, 2023

Dear Friends,

We have initiated some changes in the 9 PM Brief and other postings related to current affairs. What we sought to do:

  1. Ensure that all relevant facts, data, and arguments from today’s newspaper are readily available to you.
  2. We have widened the sources to provide you with content that is more than enough and adds value not just for GS but also for essay writing. Hence, the 9 PM brief now covers the following newspapers:
    1. The Hindu  
    2. Indian Express  
    3. Livemint  
    4. Business Standard  
    5. Times of India 
    6. Down To Earth
    7. PIB
  3. We have also introduced the relevance part to every article. This ensures that you know why a particular article is important.
  4. Since these changes are new, so initially the number of articles might increase, but they’ll go down over time.
  5. It is our endeavor to provide you with the best content and your feedback is essential for the same. We will be anticipating your feedback and ensure the blog serves as an optimal medium of learning for all the aspirants.
    • For previous editions of 9 PM BriefClick Here
    • For individual articles of 9 PM BriefClick Here

Current Affairs Compilations for UPSC IAS Prelims 2022

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 2

GS Paper 3

Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 2


A reminder of the flaws in India’s urbanisation policies

Source– The post is based on the article “A reminder of the flaws in India’s urbanisation policies” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023.

Syllabus: GS2- Urbanisation, their problems and their remedies

Relevance– Issues related to urban finance and urban governance

News– The article explains the scenario of urban finance in India. It provides solutions to problem faced by urban governance in India

What is the scenario of urban finance in India?

Urban finance predominantly comes from the government. 48%, 24% and 15% of urban capital expenditure needs are derived from the central, State, and city governments, respectively. Public–private partnership projects contribute 3% and commercial debt 2%.

Various reports have estimated a huge demand for funding urban infrastructure. The Isher Judge Ahluwalia report says that by 2030, nearly ₹39.2 lakh crore would be required. A McKinsey report on urbanisation has a figure of $1.2 trillion, or ₹90 lakh crore.

What are some points contained in the World Bank report on urbanisation in India?

It estimates that nearly ₹70 lakh crore would be needed for investment in urban India to meet the growing demands of the population.

It suggests improving the fiscal base and creditworthiness of the Indian cities. Cities must institute a buoyant revenue base. They must be able to recover the cost of providing its services.

This report points out that nearly 85% of government revenue is from the cities.

Its emphasis is on the levying of more burdens in the form of user charges on utilities, etc.

It focuses on private investments

State-level management of urban water and sewerage functions may be devolved in a time-bound manner.

An improved urban legal framework that includes a stable and certain fiscal transfer regime, accords financial powers to ULBs will determine the future of cities.

What are issues with urbanisation in India?

The basic problem with the reports on urbanisation in India is that they are made using a top to bottom approach. They have too much of a focus on technocentric solutions using very high capital-intensive technologies.

Cities primarily are run by parastatals.The city governments hardly have any role to play in the smooth functioning of such parastatals.

What is the way forward for improving the situation of the Indian urban ecosystem?

Plans must be made from below by engaging with the people and identifying their needs.

Empowering the city governments and the people at large is the need of the day.

The national task force to review the 74th Constitutional Amendment by K.C. Sivaramakrishnan provides many suggestions. It asks for empowering the people, transferring subjects to the city governments.

It suggests that 10% of the income-tax collected from cities be given back to them and ensuring that this corpus fund was utilised only for infrastructure building.

There is a need to improve urban governance. Regular elections should be held in cities and there must be empowerment through the transferring of the three Fs: finances, functions, and functionaries.


Aspirational Blocks Programme: Building blocks of Viksit Bharat

Source– The post is based on the article “Aspirational Blocks Programme: Building blocks of Viksit Bharat” published in The Indian Express on 23rd January 2023.

Syllabus: GS2- Government policies and interventions

Relevance– Government schemes for development of backward areas.

News– The article explains the recently launched Aspirational Block Programme. It also explains some successful outcomes of the Aspirational District Programme.

What is the Aspirational Blocks Programme and how will it be implemented?

This programme focuses on improving governance. The objective is to enhance the quality of life of citizens in the underdeveloped blocks of India.

This will be done by converging existing schemes, defining outcomes, and monitoring them on a constant basis.

The ABP is built on the success of the government’s flagship Aspirational Districts Programme.

An inter-ministerial committee in consultation with states had identified 500 blocks from across 28 states and four Union territories.

ABP will focus on monitoring 15 key socio-economic indicators categorised under major sectors. These sectors are health and nutrition, education, agriculture and water resources, financial inclusion and skill development, basic infrastructure and social development.

States having the flexibility to include additional state-specific socio-economic indicators to address local challenges.

The indicators will be tracked on a real-time basis and periodic rankings will be released across key thematic areas.

What is the role of blocks for development?

The focus on blocks shows the historic importance of blocks introduced in 1952 for developmental goals.

Development locks ensure that a larger than proportionate share of development reaches the marginalised and vulnerable sections of the population by building social and economic infrastructure.

It ensures that a “one-size-fits-all” approach is not applied to every part of the country. The block administration can adopt customised approaches based on the context of the region and the most emergent needs.

This method also brings the decision-making process closer to the grassroots.

How has the Aspirational District Programme been successful?

The ADP has shown that if development is taken as a “Jan Andolan” and progress of a district is constantly monitored, success would follow.

In the last five years, many aspirational districts have bettered their performance, across several indicators, than the state average values.

For example, Paschimi Singbhum, a district in Jharkhand has raised registration of pregnant women within the first trimester from just 39% in 2018 to 91% in 2022.

Kupwara in Jammu and Kashmir has increased the percentage of secondary schools with functional electricity from less than 50% in 2018 to more than 95% in 2022.

There are other success stories like deploying self help groups in rural Ranchi to promote financial inclusion and financial literacy using UPI and BHIM apps.

In rural Osmanabad in Maharashtra, court services were completely digitised to improve speed and access to justice.

The Finance Minister in her 2022 Union Budget speech mentioned that 95% of 112 aspirational districts have made significant progress in major indicators such as health, nutrition, financial inclusion, and skill development.

What are the main achievements sought by the Aspirational Block Programme?

Some blocks under ADP continue to under-perform. The reasons can be difficult terrain, lack of resources, historical injustice, social marginalisation and community vulnerability.

The ABP aims to address these inequalities by improving governance and last mile service delivery at the block level.

Several line departments of the block administration will converge and work in unison to bridge critical administrative gaps. T

This holistic development will lead to economic development. This will also aid the achievement of critical targets identified under SDGs.

The programme strives to protect the rights and uphold the dignity of every single citizen. It will achieve it by increasing their awareness and enhancing access to government schemes.

It also provides a common platform for all block administrations to showcase their best practices and learnings.

This forward-looking programme will leverage the three Cs of convergence, collaboration, and competition to achieve this vision.


Necessary pushback – The Centre should stop seeing judicial appointments as rewards for loyalists

Source: The post is based on the article “Necessary pushback – The Centre should stop seeing judicial appointments as rewards for loyalists” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023.

Syllabus: GS 2 – Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary.

Relevance: About the process of appointing judges.

News: The Supreme Court collegium has pushed back against the Union government’s attempts to block the appointment of some advocates as High Court judges.

Read more: MoP for the appointment of judges: Law Minister’s suggestion to CJI on appointment of judges: The context and background, explained

What is the collegium?

Read Here: Explained | The workings of the Supreme Court collegium

What are the three Judge’s Cases?

Must read: The Collegium System – Explained Pointwise

What should be done?

Read more: Check, do not cross – Government should work towards systemic reform; not attack the judiciary

No Entry, No Deal – Without more visas, UK FTA makes little sense for India

Source: The post is based on the article “No Entry, No Deal – Without more visas, UK FTA makes little sense for India” published in The Times of India on 23rd January 2023.

Syllabus: GS 2 – Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Relevance: About the process of visa liberalisation.

News: Recently, the UK international trade secretary pointed out that the country left the EU because it does not believe in the free movement of people. Further, visa liberalisation under the proposed India-UK FTA is also not up for negotiation. This poses challenges to the India-UK FTA.

Why visa liberalisation is essential for India-UK trade?

-The two-way trade between India-UK in 2021-22 was $17. 5 billion, lower than India’s trade with Germany or with Belgium. India’s overall merchandise trade with the UK was less than 2%. Free movement of skilled labour and students between India and the UK could have provided an incentive to quicken the pace of negotiations.

-Access to India’s huge market appears to be the UK’s primary incentive for UK. An FTA which lowers tariffs for British exporters helps the UK.

But with UK tariffs already low, India can gain only from visa liberalisation.

Must read: India – UK Free Trade Agreement (FTA) | Timeline

What needs to be done to facilitate India-UK FTA?

FTAs require tradeoffs. Some domestic interests have to be set aside in the pursuit of larger gains from lowering barriers to trade. Similarly, the UK have to revisit its visa liberalisation policy.

What India should do?

The UK and Australia already have a regime of unfettered movement for young people, including job seekers. Against this backdrop, India should work on other potential FTAs like the ones with the EU and US as gains from these FTAs are far greater than anything on offer by the UK.

Read more: Impacts of India-UK FTA: Nothing So Great About Free Trade With Great Britain

GS Paper 3


The gas paradox: Govt encouraging huge investment to push demand but imposing policies that deter domestic exploration and production

Source: The post is based on an article The gas paradox: Govt encouraging huge investment to push demand but imposing policies that deter domestic exploration and production” published in Business Standard on 23rd January 2023.

Syllabus: GS 3 – Economic Development

Relevance: import dependency of India on oil and gas

News: The article discusses the policies adopted by the government which makes India import dependent on natural gas.

What is the current situation of India in natural gas?

The government encouraged investments of over Rs 2 trillion in natural gas infrastructure and offered subsidies under the PM Ujwala Yojana (PMUY) to expand access to cleaner burning fuels, CNG and LPG.

However, the government has also come up with policies that have held back the development of domestic oil and gas resulting in lower domestic production.

This makes India rely on gas imports with volatile global fuel rates.

The growth rate of domestic natural gas is too weak to match the rising demand in India.

Moreover, the government has come up with new guidelines which has affected the oil and gas companies.

What are the new guidelines for natural gas given by India?

The new guidelines have capped the trading margins on resale of gas and provided complex conditions on prioritising sales to households and transport sectors in the case of similar bids at e-auctions.

It also requires a huge amount of paperwork that gas producers must produce before officials. This policy change was announced without any warnings.

This has made Reliance Industries and BP to postpone an auction in which it decided to sell 6 million cubic metres (mcm) a day of gas to Indian consumers at half the rates of international liquefied natural gas (LNG).

What has been the trend in consumption and import of natural gas?

Overall consumption of natural gas rose 22 percent between 2015-16 but the growth rate of LNG imports surged 58 percent a day during this period.

This led to imports growing at 53 per cent in 2019-20 from 41 percent in 2015-16 because domestic production failed to catch up with demand.

The dependency on overseas suppliers for cooking gas rose to 62 per cent from 47 per cent in 2017-18, after which the government decided to offer subsidised connections under PMUY.

This import dependency will also affect India to reach the target of 15 percent natural gas in the energy mix by 2030 which currently stands at 6 per cent.

Moreover, natural gas demand from the city gas distribution sector for domestic cooking fuel and transport is expected to grow 15-17 per cent over fiscal 2022-2027.

Therefore, this rapid growth in city gas use will make India more dependent on foreign fuel due to limited domestic production.

Moreover, there were also changes made by the current government in capping the price of gas but none was successful.

What changes were made by the government?

In 2014, the Rangarajan Committee’s gas pricing formula was diluted by removing LNG prices as a benchmark to calculate domestic gas rates.

It then capped the price of gas produced from unconventional areas, including deep waters.

However, when these measures did not work, it constituted a committee last year led by former Planning Commission member Kirit Parikh.

It recommended a price cap on domestic supplies that is around 20 per cent lower than current levels which will come effect from April this year.

What is the way forward for India?

Policies such as interfering with fuel prices, arbitrarily capping margins of traders, constantly disturbing with gas pricing formulae, and pursuing pointless arbitrations have discouraged foreign explorers from coming to India.

Therefore, India needs to adopt such policies which build a trust of foreign companies in India and make India more dependent on domestic production.


State actors and information warfare – We should recognise that many can play the game of manipulation targeting the Indian information space

Source: The post is based on an articleState actors and information warfare – We should recognise that many can play the game of manipulation targeting the Indian information space” published in Business Standard on 23rd January 2023.

Syllabus: GS 3 – Technology

Relevance: misuse of the internet technology

News: Countries these days use the internet as a tool to spread campaigns and influence the people but such campaigns if not used properly can have harmful effects.

What are the harmful effects of internet campaigns?

Internet-based campaigns are built much like crowds in many political rallies. Such campaigns are operated by political parties, private persons, and governments.

Internet-based information manipulation is not illegal but it has the ability to distort the beliefs of many people. 

For example, people believe so much in the misinformation spread through trusted sources like WhatsApp that even the wrong information seems to be true.

Such campaigns were also used by Russia in 2016 to influence the US election and UK on Brexit.

Russian have also simultaneously run pro-vaccine and anti-vaccine campaigns, aiming to get victims misinformation and to hate one another. Thus, bringing conflict within the target society.

These campaigns are of two kinds – a) specific policy objectives, such as Brexit or a Trump victory, broadly aimed at disrupting the essence of liberal democracies, b) bringing chaos and confusion.

Further, thousands of people are using the internet to defame their enemies and to influence government officials about their enemies.

Therefore, many threats can come up with internet-based campaigns and it may also affect a nation’s security.

What can be the threats for India?

Currently, these campaigns in India are run by local businessmen and local political parties. However, there are also chances that foreign states may run such campaigns.

This would influence Indian masses and have negative outcomes, ultimately weakening India.

Also, India is one of the countries in the Global South that has been the target of Russian influence campaigns on the subject of the invasion of Ukraine.

What are the measures required by India to prevent such campaigns?

First, India needs to recognise the problem of influence campaigns which are aimed at reshaping the behaviour of its state and political system.

Second, it requires bringing together knowledge of technology policy, foreign policy, media, and the political system to tackle those campaigns.

Third, it needs to spread awareness against the misinformation shared by social media like WhatsApp or Twitter.


Oxfam inequality report: Taxing the ‘obscenely’ wealthy may not be the right solution

Source– The post is based on the article “Oxfam inequality report: Taxing the ‘obscenely’ wealthy may not be the right solution” published in The Indian Express on 23rd January 2023.

Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy and mobilisation of resources

Relevance– Inequality and taxation structure of India

News– The article explains the Oxfam “Survival of Richest report” and analyses its claims regarding the tax structure in India.

What are some main points contained in the Oxfam Survival of Richest report?

According to the report, there are now 166 billionaires in India. It is up from 106 in 2020. Wealth is concentrated among the top deciles. Top 30% accounts for 90% of the wealth.

Globally, 1% are estimated to have captured almost two-thirds of new wealth.

It argues for a wealth tax and higher taxes on corporates.

It also argues that indirect taxes are regressive. The paper says that the bottom 50% pays six times more indirect tax as a percentage of income as compared to the top 10%.

What are the issues regarding the claims put by the report?

The corporate tax cuts brought the statutory tax rate down from 30% to 25.17%.

The cost of revenue foregone due to this is estimated at Rs 1.03 lakh crore. However, it is not the equivalent of revenue that would have been realised had there been no incentive. The same revenue would not have been realised in its absence.

Further, the comparison of corporate tax collections is unfair as the simplified regime for corporate taxes was introduced after 2019.

The current income tax system exempts incomes up to Rs 5 lakh from tax. The GST rate structure places a higher burden on luxuries.

The upward trend in the GST collections post 2021, accompanied by higher retail sales of luxury goods, indicates that the tax may be progressive. It is despite the K-shaped recovery.

An indirect tax can be more efficient in a tax system where compliance in direct taxes is not broad-based. Therefore, the report underplays the importance of indirect taxes.

Even on direct taxes, India has implemented the surcharge on top incomes taking the marginal tax rate to 42.74%.

It is also important to inquire into the computations. It is estimated that the total wealth held by India’s richest is Rs 54.12 lakh crore.

But, there is no clarity regarding the amount of the assets counted as a part of private wealth or held in the form of trusts or companies.

Merely adding this to wealth does not make it taxable. The legal title may prohibit the authorities from levying such a tax.

A siloed approach to tax policy, with interlinkages between different taxes is not meaningful. In the past, India has used a wealth tax. But the collections were low. It was costly to implement it.

Everything is not fixed by taxes. The role of other macroeconomic policies, like low interest rates and regulatory interventions, should not be ignored.


It’s time for India’s universities to join the world

Source– The post is based on the article “It’s time for India’s universities to join the world” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023.

Syllabus: GS3- Issues relating to development and management of education

Relevance– Higher education

News– The article explains the specifications of the higher education sector in India. It also suggests some solution to establish India as a major player of the world’s academic community.

What are the specifications of the higher education sector in India?

Emerging leader– Indians are well-known globally as top scientists and academics, university leaders, and key leaders in high tech. But little is known about the academic environment from which they have emerged.

India’s academic system is now the world’s second largest. The country is actively pursuing reform and improvement.

India is in a particularly advantageous position. The world sees India as an increasingly important economy and geopolitical player.

India also plays an important role in higher education. It is mainly an exporter of students and talent in many scientific fields, especially in information technology.

There is a growing interest abroad in linking with Indian universities and research institutes due to disengagement from China by some Western countries.

Complexity of system– India has one of the world’s most complex and little understood academic environments. Its higher education sector is fragmented, inflexible with tight subject boundaries.

Private sector colleges and universities will continue to fuel growth. High-quality government institutions such as the IITs and AIIMS are also expanding and improving.

India has set up the National Institutional Ranking Framework. It has helped to fuel competition among institutions.

India’s global ranking in scientific publications improved from the seventh position in 2010 to the third in 2020. India ranks third in terms of the number of PhDs awarded in science and engineering.

India’s Global Innovation Index ranking has also improved significantly, from 81 in 2014 to 40 in 2022, although it lags significantly behind the U.S. and China.

Indian universities have not scored well in the global rankings. The highest-scoring Indian institution in the 2023 Times Higher Education ranking is the Indian Institute of Science, in the 251-300 range.

The best-known institutions globally are the IITs. These do not rank well because they are small, specialised schools and not comprehensive universities. But, their quality is much better than their ranking scores.

Distinctiveness– There has been emergence of about a dozen top-quality non-profit private universities, mostly funded by philanthropically minded Indians. This elite sector is expanding and is focused on building an international ‘brand’ for Indian higher education.

India uses English as the main language of science and higher education, which makes it much easier to interact with the rest of the world.

India has more than 100 research laboratories in diverse areas sponsored by the CSIR and other Central government agencies. Some are outstanding in terms of their research contributions and their relationships with India’s economy.

What is the way forward to establish India as a major player of the world’s academic community?

India’s universities and its scientific prowess are an important part of a soft power strategy. The internationalisation initiatives outlined in the NEP is an important start. India’s G20 leadership is also an excellent opportunity to exercise leadership.

India should convene a conference of leaders of universities in the G20 countries with the aim of acquainting them with India’s academic opportunities.

It is required to create a prestigious scholarship programme that would provide top Indian students and faculty time in leading universities abroad and funding to bring top academics from abroad to India. China’s version of this is the China Scholarship Council.

Indian universities, researchers, and academics also need to involve themselves in the global scientific community through participation in joint projects, international meetings.

This will need careful planning, sustained resources, support from the Central and State governments and an expanded international consciousness in the Indian academic community.


A step too far – ‘Fake news’ rules will damage press freedom

Source: The post is based on the following articles

“Draft amendments to IT rules: A looming censor” published in the Indian Express on 23rd January 2023.

“A step too far – ‘Fake news’ rules will damage press freedom” published in the Business Standard on 23rd January 2023.

Syllabus: GS 3 – Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges.

Relevance: About the process of curbing free speech.

News: The Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) recently announced the draft amendments to Information Technology rules.

About the draft IT rules

Read here: The amendments to the IT Rules, 2021

What are the impacts of the draft IT rules?

Read more: New IT rules likely to impact ease of business in India, says report

How the draft rules will impact free speech?

-If passed, the rules will allow the government to order digital intermediaries to take down posts it deems fake, without any forum for appeal or redressal. The proposed rules in effect grant the government blanket powers of censorship.

-The rules allow Press Information Bureau (PIB) to remove the posts from online platforms. The PIB is a government agency, and it is not the government’s role to play editor.

-Supreme Court’s verdict in Shreya Singhal v Union of India (2015) said that take-down orders can only be issued on the grounds laid out in Article 19(2) of the Constitution. . The proposed amendments to IT rules threaten to bring back that draconian spirit into digital governance.

-The PIB’s record in “flagging” misinformation has been far from perfect. When the government is merely flagging and labelling content, such a mistake is reversible. If it issues takedown orders under a legal architecture that provides no room for appeal and become constitutionally untenable.

Overall, the determination of fake news cannot be placed in the sole hands of the government.

What should be done to curb free speech?

All over the world, the task of curbing free speech is best performed by a free and inquiring press. India should follow a similar approach.

India as a democracy is built on the notion that voters have the ability to make judgements about how effectively the government is performing. People can reduce free speech if they are provided with access to free and fair information.


Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

Assam’s Charaideo Maidam nominated for UNESCO world heritage tag: Assam CM

Source: The post is based on the article “Assam’s Charaideo Maidam nominated for UNESCO world heritage tag: Assam CM” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023

What is the News?

Assam chief minister has said that Charaideo Moidams (pyramids) is India’s nomination for UNESCO’s world heritage site status in the cultural category for 2023-24.

Note: There is currently no World Heritage site in the category of cultural heritage in the northeast out of the 32 listed in the country.

What is Charaideo Moidams?

Charaideo commonly known as ‘Pyramids of Assam’ was the original capital of the Ahom Kings.

Charaideo remained the symbolic center of Ahom Kingdom even though the capital of the kingdom moved many times.

Built by: It was built by Chaolung Sukhapa the founder of the dynasty in about 1229 CE.

Located at: This place is located at the foothills of Nagaland. It is situated at a distance of around 30 KM from the historical Sivasagar town in Assam.

Features: It contains sacred burial grounds of Ahom kings and queens and is also the place of the ancestral Gods of the Ahoms.

– Some 42 tombs (Maidams) of Ahom kings and queens are present at Charaideo hillocks.

Architecture: It comprises a massive underground vault with one or more chambers having domical superstructure and covered by a heap of earthen mounds and externally it appears a hemispherical mound. 


Mahabali frog waiting for official recognition

Source: The post is based on the article “Mahabali frog waiting for official recognitionpublished in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023

What is the News?

Mahabali Frog is waiting to be elevated as the State Frog of Kerala.

What is the Mahabali Frog?

Mahabali Frog (Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis) also known as Purple Frog is one of the rarest frog species endemic to the Western Ghats.

The frog buries itself all through the year and surfaces only one day to lay eggs.

Named after: It is named after the mythical King Mahabali who visits his people once a year from the underneath world.

IUCN Status: Near Threatened

Significance: The purple frog has been acknowledged by bio-geographers all over the world as one of the rarest kinds and a “once in a century find”.

Click Here to read more about Mahabali Frog


Puri’s Jagannath Temple: Why non-Hindus and foreigners can’t enter here

Source: The post is based on the article “Puri’s Jagannath Temple: Why non-Hindus and foreigners can’t enter here” published in Indian Express on 22nd January 2023.

What is the News?

The Odisha Governor has backed the entry of foreign nationals inside the world-famous Jagannath Temple in Puri.

What is Lord Jagannath Temple?

Lord Jagannath Temple is located in Puri,Odisha. It is also called the White Pagoda.

It is one of the four dhams (char dham) where Lord Jagannath, a form of Lord Vishnu, is worshipped along with his elder brother Lord Balabhadra and sister Devi Subhadra. 

The temple was constructed by a famous king of the Ganga Dynasty Ananta Varman Chodaganga Deva dating back to the 12th century.

Only Hindus are allowed inside the shrine to offer prayers to the sibling deities in the sanctum sanctorum. 

Why are non-Hindus not allowed inside the temple?

It has been the practice for centuries — even though there is no clearly articulated reason for it. 

Some historians believe that multiple attacks on the Temple by Muslim rulers might have led the servitors to impose restrictions on the entry of non-Hindus. Others have said that this was the practice from the time the Temple was built.

How can Non-Hindus then worship Lord Jagannath? 

Lord Jagannath is also known as Patitabapan which literally means “saviour of the downtrodden”. 

So all those who are barred from entering the Temple because of religious reasons get the privilege of a darshan of the Lord in the form of Patitapaban at the Lion’s Gate.


Year End Review- 2022 : Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

Source: The post is based on the articleYear End Review- 2022 : Ministry of Road Transport and Highwayspublished in PIB on 4th January 2023.

What is the News?

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has launched several initiatives and schemes in 2022.

What are the schemes and initiatives launched by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways in 2022?

Road Network in the Country: India has about 63.73 lakh km of the road network which is the second largest in the world. The length of various categories of roads is as under National Highways (1,44,634 km), State Highways (1,86,908 km) and Other Roads (59,02,539 km).

Bharatmala Pariyojana: The Bharatmala Pariyojana was launched with the primary focus on optimizing the efficiency of the movement of goods and people across the country. 

– Phase I of the Bharatmala Pariyojana approved in October 2017, focuses on bridging critical infrastructure gaps through the development of 34,800 km of National Highways.

– The key components of the Pariyojana are Economic Corridors development, Inter-corridor and feeder routes development, National Corridors Efficiency Improvement, Border and International Connectivity Roads, Coastal and Port Connectivity Roads and Expressways.

National Highways Infra Trust(NHAI InvIT) Bonds

Amrit Sarovar

Surety Bonds 

National Highways Excellence Awards(NHEA)

Ropeway Projects in India

Bharat(BH) series registration mark

Compensation to Victims of Hit and Run Motor Accidents Scheme

Motor Vehicle Accident Fund Rules: MoRTH has published rules regarding the creation, operation, sources of funds etc. of the Motor Vehicles Accident Fund. 

– This fund shall be used for providing compensation in case of a Hit & Run Accident, treatment for accident victims and any other purpose, as may be specified by the Central Government.

Multi-modal logistics parks(MMLPs)

Jogighopa Multimodal Logistics Park in Assam

Port Connectivity: India has a total of 226 ports which comprise 12 Major ports. MoRTH is working to enhance the ports logistics ecosystem by connecting Major & Minor Ports with National Highways, with National Highways Logistics Management Ltd(NHLML) spearheading this endeavour.

Hydrogen fuel cell EV launched

Vehicle Scrapping Policy

NHAI has created a Guinness World Record 


What is a ‘pantranscriptome’?

Source: The post is based on the articleWhat is a ‘pantranscriptome’? published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023.

What is the News?

Researchers at UC Santa Cruz(UCSC) have now reported on what they suggest is the first-ever method for analyzing RNA sequencing data genome-wide using a “pantranscriptome”.

What is Pantranscriptome?

Pan-transcriptome is a combination of a transcriptome and a pan-genome. It is a reference that contains genetic material from a cohort of diverse individuals, rather than just a single linear strand.

How does Pantranscriptome work?

The pantranscriptome-concept builds on the emerging concept of “pangenomics” in the genomics field. 

Typically, when evaluating an individual’s genomic data for variation, scientists compare the individual’s genome to that of a reference made up of a single, linear strand of DNA bases. 

Using a pangenome allows researchers to compare an individual’s genome to that of a genetically diverse cohort of reference sequences all at once, sourced from individuals representing a diversity of biogeographic ancestry. 

This gives the scientists more points of comparison for which to better understand an individual’s genomic variation.

What is Transcriptome?

Transcriptome represents all the RNA molecules present in a species or in an organism. Mapping this allows researchers to better understand an individual’s gene expression.


What is the Leopard 2 tank, and how could it help Ukraine against Russia?

Source: The post is based on the article “What is the Leopard 2 tank, and how could it help Ukraine against Russia?” published in Indian Express on 22nd January 2023.

What is the News?

Germany has not yet decided whether to allow its Leopard 2 tanks to be sent to Ukraine.

What is Leopard 2?

Leopard 2 is a German-manufactured main battle tank with a range of about 500 km.

It is one of the world’s leading battle tanks used by the German Army for decades and by the militaries of more than a dozen other European nations. It has seen service in conflicts in Afghanistan, Kosovo and Syria. 

Features: The tank is powered by a diesel engine. It features night-vision equipment and a laser range finder that can measure the distance to an object, enabling it to better aim at a moving target while travelling over rough terrain. 

What are the advantages of Leopard 2 over other tanks?

The Leopards are in Europe, they are easy to get to Ukraine, and several European countries use them, so they are readily available.

Logistics and maintenance would be easier. Spare parts and know-how are here in Europe, so the training of Ukrainians would be easier.

What is the argument against supplying Leopard 2?

Opponents believe that the supply of tanks would be an escalation of the involvement of NATO countries in the war, heightening the risk of the war spreading. 


IISc experts detect radio signal from atomic hydrogen in distant galaxy

Source: The post is based on the article IISc experts detect radio signal from atomic hydrogen in distant galaxypublished in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023.

What is the News?

Astronomers from McGill University in Canada and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru have used data from the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope(GMRT) in Pune to detect a radio signal originating from atomic hydrogen in an extremely distant galaxy.

What is Atomic Hydrogen?

Atomic hydrogen is the basic fuel required for star formation in a galaxy.

When hot ionised gas from the surrounding medium of a galaxy falls onto the universe, the gas cools and forms atomic hydrogen. This then becomes molecular hydrogen and eventually leads to the formation of stars. 

Atomic hydrogen emits radio waves of 21 cm wavelength, meaning the wavelength is a direct tracer of the atomic gas content in nearby and distant galaxies. 

However, this radio signal is feeble and nearly impossible to detect the emission from a distant galaxy using current telescopes due to their limited sensitivity.

What is the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope(GMRT)?

GMRT is a low-frequency radio telescope that helps investigate various radio astrophysical problems ranging from nearby solar systems to the edge of the observable universe. 

Located at: Pune, Maharashtra

Operated by: National Centre for Radio Astrophysics(NCRA), a part of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai.

What have the researchers discovered?

Astronomers have used data from the GMRT to detect a radio signal originating from atomic hydrogen in an extremely distant galaxy.

This detection was made possible by a phenomenon called gravitational lensing.


‘Economy at risk from move to clean energy’

Source: The post is based on the article “Economy at risk from move to clean energy” published in The Hindu on 23rd January 2023.

What is the News?

According to a study published in the Global Environmental Change journal, India’s financial sector is highly exposed to the risks of the economy transitioning from being largely dependent on fossil fuels to clean energy.

What are the key highlights of the study?

Loans and Bonds to fossil fuel sector: Analysis of individual loans and bonds found that 60% of lending to the mining sector was for oil and gas extraction while one-fifth of manufacturing sector debt is for petroleum refining and related industries. 

– Electricity production – by far the largest source of carbon emissions – accounted for 5.2% of outstanding credit.

– This shows that India’s financial sector is highly exposed to activities related to fossil fuel.

Financial Institution’s transition to clean energy: There was a shortage of experts in India’s financial institutions who had the expertise to appropriately advise the institutions on the transition from fossil fuel to clean energy.

– For instance, only four of the ten major financial institutions surveyed collect information on environmental, social and governance(ESG) risks and these firms do not systematically incorporate that data into financial planning.

High carbon Industries heavily indebted: High-carbon industries — power generation, chemicals, iron and steel, and aviation account for 10% of outstanding debt to Indian financial institutions. However, these industries are also heavily indebted and therefore have the less financial capacity to respond to shocks and stresses.

India’s dependence on coal: Coal currently accounts for 44% of India’s primary energy sources and 70% of its power generation. 

– According to the Draft National Electricity Plan 2022, coal’s share in the electricity generation mix will decrease to 50% by 2030, compared to the current contribution of 70%.

Less Lending to renewables: The financial decisions of Indian banks and institutional investors are locking the country into a more polluting, more expensive energy supply. 

– For example, only 17.5% of bank lending to the power sector has been to pure-play renewables. 

– Consequently, India has much higher electricity from carbon sources than the world average, despite its vast potential for cheap solar, wind and small hydropower.


Must Read Current Affairs Articles – January 31st, 2023

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – January 31st, 2023

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Intellectual property rights sensitivity should not be at the expense of public health obligations

Source– The post is based on the article “Intellectual property rights sensitivity should not be at the expense of public health obligations” published in The Indian Express on 30th January 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Issues relating to intellectual property rights Relevance– Innovation ecosystem News– The article explains the National IPR policy. It tells about changes introduced… Continue reading Intellectual property rights sensitivity should not be at the expense of public health obligations

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Green debut – Green bonds can help lower borrowing cost

Source: The post is based on an article “Green debut – Green bonds can help lower borrowing cost” published in Business Standard on 30th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Economic Development Relevance: About green bonds News: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) last week for the first time issued sovereign green bonds worth Rs 8,000 crore… Continue reading Green debut – Green bonds can help lower borrowing cost

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In NREGA reforms, prioritise the worker and her dues

Source– The post is based on the article “In NREGA reforms, prioritise the worker and her dues” published in The Hindu on 30th January 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Government policies and interventions Relevance– Schemes for employment generation News– The article explains the issues with MGNREGA. It suggests the reforms needed for the scheme. What are the… Continue reading In NREGA reforms, prioritise the worker and her dues

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Welfare schemes will falter in the absence of accurate population data

Source– The post is based on the article “Welfare schemes will falter in the absence of accurate population data” published in The Indian Express on 30th January 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Population and associated issues Relevance– Population census News– The article explains the need for conducting the census, due in 2021. Why is conducting the population… Continue reading Welfare schemes will falter in the absence of accurate population data

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Gandhi’s ideals of non-violence and communal harmony remain relevant 75 years after his assassination

Source: The post is based on the article “Gandhi’s ideals of non-violence and communal harmony remain relevant 75 years after his assassination” published in The Indian Express on 30th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 1 – Indian History Relevance: Ideals of Mahatma Gandhi News: Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948. The year 2023 marks the 75… Continue reading Gandhi’s ideals of non-violence and communal harmony remain relevant 75 years after his assassination

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Revisit the tax treatment of tobacco products

Source– The post is based on the article “Revisit the tax treatment of tobacco products” published in The Hindu on 30th January 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy and mobilisation of resources Relevance– Taxation of products that generates negative externalities News– The article explains issues with taxation structure on tobacco products In 2017, the economic burden… Continue reading Revisit the tax treatment of tobacco products

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Why are milk prices so high, and what can be done about it?

Source: The post is based on the article “Why are milk prices so high, and what can be done about it?” published in Indian Express on 30th January 2023 What is the News? Since last year, the Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation has raised the maximum retail price (MRP) of its Amul brand full-cream milk… Continue reading Why are milk prices so high, and what can be done about it?

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Hindenburg report alleged fraud by its firms, Adani Group says ‘attack on India’

Source: The post is based on the article “Hindenburg report alleged fraud by its firms, Adani Group says ‘attack on India’” published in Indian Express on 30th January 2023 What is the News? Adani Group has issued a detailed rebuttal to the allegations of stock manipulation and accounting malpractices levelled by Hindenburg Research. It has… Continue reading Hindenburg report alleged fraud by its firms, Adani Group says ‘attack on India’

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India’s call to modify the Indus Waters Treaty

Source: The post is based on the article “India’s call to modify the Indus Waters Treaty” published in The Hindu on 30th January 2023 What is the News? India has sent a notice to Pakistan calling for the ‘modification’ of the Indus Waters Treaty owing to Pakistan’s persistent objections regarding India’s Kishenganga (KHEP) and Ratle… Continue reading India’s call to modify the Indus Waters Treaty

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Nitrate radicals’ are likely making air pollution worse in China, India

Source: The post is based on the article “Nitrate radicals’ are likely making air pollution worse in China, India” published in Indian Express on 30th January 2023 What is the News? According to a study, certain regions of China and India are nighttime hotspots for the generation of nitrate radicals that could increase the amount… Continue reading Nitrate radicals’ are likely making air pollution worse in China, India

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Artificial synapse developed for brain-like computing with industry-compatible Nitride Semiconductors

Source: The post is based on the article “Artificial synapse developed for brain-like computing with industry-compatible Nitride Semiconductors” published in PIB on 29th January 2023 What is the News? A team of scientists at Bengaluru’s Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) have developed hardware for neuromorphic computing.  They have used scandium nitride(ScN) to… Continue reading Artificial synapse developed for brain-like computing with industry-compatible Nitride Semiconductors

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Ragi poori to jowar upma, Parliament gets a new millet men

Source: The post is based on the article “Ragi poori to jowar upma, Parliament gets a new millet menu” published in Indian Express on 30th January 2023 What is the News? The menu of Parliament House canteens will soon have millet dishes such as jowar vegetable upma to bajra khichdi, ragi ladoo to bajre ka… Continue reading Ragi poori to jowar upma, Parliament gets a new millet men

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Student enrolments went up by 7.5% in 2020-21, All India Survey on Higher Education data show

Source: The post is based on the following articles: “Ministry of Education releases All India Survey on Higher Education(AISHE) 2020-2021” published in PIB on 29th January 2023 “Student enrolments went up by 7.5% in 2020-21, All India Survey on Higher Education data show” published in The Hindu on 30th January 2023 What is the News?… Continue reading Student enrolments went up by 7.5% in 2020-21, All India Survey on Higher Education data show

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50,000 years on, ‘green comet’ comes visiting again

Source: The post is based on the article “50,000 years on, ‘green comet’ comes visiting again” published in TOI on 30th January 2023 What is the News? Comet C/2022 E3(ZTF), popularly known as the “green comet” which last visited Earth’s neighbourhood 50,000 years ago when the Neanderthals were still roaming its surface can now be… Continue reading 50,000 years on, ‘green comet’ comes visiting again

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Warning bells – India’s regulatory framework must infuse confidence in investors, savers

Source: The post is based on the article “Warning bells – India’s regulatory framework must infuse confidence in investors, savers” published in The Hindu on 30th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. Relevance: About India’s regulatory environment. News: The latest stock… Continue reading Warning bells – India’s regulatory framework must infuse confidence in investors, savers

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India must focus on health and education post-budget

Source: The post is based on the article “India must focus on health and education post-budget” published in the Livemint on 30th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health and Education. Relevance: About the status of healthcare and education. News: The government must focus… Continue reading India must focus on health and education post-budget

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[Kurukshetra January 2023 Summary] Cooperatives to FPOs: A Paradigm Shift – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The cooperative movement is a voluntary movement of the people. The movement has been carried out democratically by pooling together of resources for completing a given activity. The purpose is to achieve or secure certain benefits or advantages that people cannot get individually. Cooperative Movement also aims to promote specific… Continue reading [Kurukshetra January 2023 Summary] Cooperatives to FPOs: A Paradigm Shift – Explained, pointwise

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Build, But Smartly – Infra along LAC is strategically vital. But Joshimath shows why projects must respect mountain ecology

Source: The post is based on the article “Build, But Smartly – Infra along LAC is strategically vital. But Joshimath shows why projects must respect mountain ecology” published in The Times of India on 30th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Disaster and disaster management. Relevance: About the infrastructure construction across LAC. News: India is… Continue reading Build, But Smartly – Infra along LAC is strategically vital. But Joshimath shows why projects must respect mountain ecology

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Rashtrapati Bhavan’s Mughal Gardens renamed as Amrit Udyan: A brief history

Source: The post is based on the article “Rashtrapati Bhavan’s Mughal Gardens renamed as Amrit Udyan: A brief history” published in the Indian Express on 30th January 2023. What is the News? The Mughal Gardens at the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s House) in Delhi have been renamed as Amrit Udyan. About the long history of Mughal… Continue reading Rashtrapati Bhavan’s Mughal Gardens renamed as Amrit Udyan: A brief history

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[Download] Mains Marathon Weekly Compilation – January, 2023 – 3rd week

Hello everyone, We are posting a compilation of Mains Marathon for the month of January 2023 – Third week. Click on the following link to download Download About Mains Marathon Daily Mains Marathon is focused on UPSC Mains 2023. Under this initiative, we post, daily 2 articles, based on the provided weekly schedule. For More… Continue reading [Download] Mains Marathon Weekly Compilation – January, 2023 – 3rd week

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Must Read Current Affairs Articles – January 30th, 2023

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – January 30th, 2023

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Question From The Homeless In Hills

Source: The post is based on an article “Question From The Homeless In Hills” published in The Times of India on 28th January 2023.  Syllabus: GS 3 – Disaster Management   Relevance: problems related to land subsidence in Uttarakhand  News: The land subsidence of Joshimath has been caused due to the failure of the government as well as… Continue reading Question From The Homeless In Hills

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Regional RBIs: The case for baby RBIs

Source: The post is based on the article “The case for baby RBIs” published in the Business Standard on 28th January 2023.  Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy and mobilisation of resources  Relevance: Issues relating to monetary policy  News: The article explains the possibility of regional RBIs for India.  What is the need for regional RBIs in India? … Continue reading Regional RBIs: The case for baby RBIs

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Becoming The Global Factory: How To Nail It This Time

Source: The post is based on an article “Becoming The Global Factory: How To Nail It This Time” published in The Times of India on 28th January 2023.  Syllabus: GS 3 – Indian Economy  Relevance: About the factors leading the improvement in the Indian economy  News: India has seen economic growth in recent years and received $84… Continue reading Becoming The Global Factory: How To Nail It This Time

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Why we need to focus on mental health

Source: The post is based on the article “Why we need to focus on mental health” published in The Indian Express on 28th January 2023.  Syllabus: GS2- Issues related to the development and management of health  Relevance: Issues related to mental health  News: The article explains the prevalence of mental health and its impacts. What… Continue reading Why we need to focus on mental health

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India’s groundwater governance is in better shape

Source: The post is based on the article “India’s groundwater governance is in better shape” published in The Hindu on 28th January 2023.  Syllabus: GS1- Economic geography. GS2- Government policies and interventions  Relevance: Regulation and management of groundwater resources. News: The article explains the facts and statistics about groundwater in India. What are some facts… Continue reading India’s groundwater governance is in better shape

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The moral and intellectual crises in economic policies

Source: The post is based on the article “The moral and intellectual crises in economic policies” published in The Hindu on 28th January 2023.  Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy: growth, development and employment  Relevance: Paradoxes of GDP growth  News: The article explains the intellectual and moral crisis affecting the Indian economy. What is the crisis of employment… Continue reading The moral and intellectual crises in economic policies

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Padma award is an honour for the Etikoppaka toy craft, says C.V. Raju

Source: The post is based on the article “Padma award is an honour for the Etikoppaka toy craft, says C.V. Raju” published in PIB on 27th January 2023 What is the News? Shri C V Raju from Etikoppaka village, Visakhapatnam,Andhra Pradesh has been conferred with Padma Shri for preserving the traditional method of making Etikoppaka… Continue reading Padma award is an honour for the Etikoppaka toy craft, says C.V. Raju

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MeitY Startup Hub and Meta shortlists 120 Startups and Innovators for the XR Startup Program

Source: The post is based on the article “MeitY Startup Hub and Meta shortlists 120 Startups and Innovators for the XR Startup Program” published in PIB on 27th January 2023 What is the News? MeitY Startup Hub(MSH), an initiative of the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) and Meta have announced the list of… Continue reading MeitY Startup Hub and Meta shortlists 120 Startups and Innovators for the XR Startup Program

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What is BharOS software and how different is it from Google’s Android OS?

Source: The post is based on the article “What is BharOS software and how different is it from Google’s Android OS?” published in The Hindu on 25th January 2023 What is the News? IIT Madras-incubated company has recently developed the BharOS system. What is the BharOS System? BharOS is an indigenous, or homegrown, mobile operating… Continue reading What is BharOS software and how different is it from Google’s Android OS?

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Ken-Betwa Link Project: Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Steering Committee for the Ken-Betwa Link Project recently held its 3rd meeting in New Delhi. The Chairperson of the Committee (Secretary, Department of Water Resources) remarked that the Ken-Betwa Link Project is a ‘flagship’ project of the Government and ‘it is critical for the water security and socio-economic development of… Continue reading Ken-Betwa Link Project: Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

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Study explains migration events that brought genetic diversity among Nepalese population

Source: The post is based on the article “Study explains migration events that brought genetic diversity among Nepalese population” published in PIB on 27th January 2023 What is the News? According to a study, Tibeto-Burman communities were pre-historic Himalayan settlers, and their East Asian ancestry can be traced back to Neolithic immigration mostly from Tibet… Continue reading Study explains migration events that brought genetic diversity among Nepalese population

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Ramcharitmanas of Tulsidas, and criticism of the holy book

Source: The post is based on the article “Ramcharitmanas of Tulsidas, and criticism of the holy book” published in Indian Express on 28th January 2023 What is the News? Bihar Education Minister has said that the Ramcharitmanas spreads hatred in society. What is Ramcharitmanas? Ramcharitmanas is an epic poem in the Awadhi language composed by… Continue reading Ramcharitmanas of Tulsidas, and criticism of the holy book

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12 cheetahs from South Africa to arrive in India by February-end

Source: The post is based on the article “12 cheetahs from South Africa to arrive in India by February-end” published in The Hindu on 28th January 2023 What is the News? India and South Africa have signed an agreement to translocate 12 cheetahs to India. About Cheetah’s Reintroduction Programme In India, the Cheetah’s population got… Continue reading 12 cheetahs from South Africa to arrive in India by February-end

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The Indus Waters Treaty, and why India has issued notice to Pakistan seeking changes

Source: The post is based on the following articles “The Indus Waters Treaty, and why India has issued notice to Pakistan seeking changes” published in Indian Express on 28th January 2023 “River Bends – Pakistan should stop subverting the Indus Water Treaty” published in The Times of India on 28th January 2023 What is the… Continue reading The Indus Waters Treaty, and why India has issued notice to Pakistan seeking changes

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[Answered] Mains Marathon I Daily Answer Writing I January 27th, 2023

Dear Friends, Following are answers to Mains Marathon questions, we posted yesterday. About Mains Marathon – This is an initiative of ForumIAS to help/aid aspirants in their writing skills, which is crucial to conquering mains examination. Every morning, we post 2 questions are based on current affairs. The questions framed are meaningful and relevant to the exam.… Continue reading [Answered] Mains Marathon I Daily Answer Writing I January 27th, 2023

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Must Read Current Affairs Articles – January 28th, 2023

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – January 28th, 2023

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[Download] Prelims Marathon Weekly Compilation – January, 2023 – 3rd week

Hello everyone, We are posting a compilation of Prelims Marathon for the month of January 2023 – Third week. Click on the following link to download Download About Prelims Marathon Daily Prelims Marathon is focused on UPSC Prelims 2023. Under this initiative, we post, daily 10 MCQs, based on the provided weekly schedule. For More… Continue reading [Download] Prelims Marathon Weekly Compilation – January, 2023 – 3rd week

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A ‘Holocaust education’ for India to create a just present

Source: The post is based on the article “A ‘Holocaust education’ for India to create a just present” published in The Hindu on 27th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 1 – World History Relevance: learnings from the Holocaust News: 27th January is remembered as International Holocaust Remembrance Day. Six million Jews were murdered by Nazi-Germany in the Holocaust.… Continue reading A ‘Holocaust education’ for India to create a just present

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The blurred lines between gaming and gambling

Source: The post is based on the article “The blurred lines between gaming and gambling” published in The Hindu on 27th January 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Governance Relevance: concerns associated with the online gaming industry News: Some online gaming such as rummy and poker involves financial risks. Despite this, they are not considered as gambling. What… Continue reading The blurred lines between gaming and gambling

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A chink in the Indo-Pak ice

Source: This post is created based on the article “A chink in the Indo-Pak ice”, published in Business Standard on 27th January 2023. Syllabus Topic – GS Paper 2 – International relations – India and its neighborhood News: Lately, India- Pakistan relations have taken a positive turn after years of stagnancy. What are the developments?… Continue reading A chink in the Indo-Pak ice

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Japan to flush Fukushima wastewater

Source: This post is created based on the article “Japan to flush Fukushima wastewater”, published in The Hindu on 27th January 2023. Syllabus Topic – GS Paper 3 – Environmental Pollution News: Japan is expected to start flushing 1.25 million tonnes of wastewater from the embattled Fukushima nuclear power plant into the Pacific Ocean this… Continue reading Japan to flush Fukushima wastewater

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Invent In India – on defence indigenisation in India

Source– The post is based on the article “Invent In India” published in The Times of India on 27th January 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Security Relevance– Defence reforms and modernisation News– The article explains the need for defence indigenisation in India. It also explains the steps needed to be taken for defence indigenisation. Why is there… Continue reading Invent In India – on defence indigenisation in India

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In Good Faith: Pranam vs Pramana — why faith and science must co-exist

Source– The post is based on the article “In Good Faith: Pranam vs Pramana — why faith and science must co-exist” published in The Indian Express on 27th January 2023. Syllabus: GS4- Ethics and human interface Relevance– Conflict between values of scientific approach and faith News– The article explains the difference between faith and science.… Continue reading In Good Faith: Pranam vs Pramana — why faith and science must co-exist

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India and Egypt relationship

Source– The post is based on the article “Sisi’s visit as Republic Day chief guest: India’s Egypt opportunity” and “Delhi to Cairo” published in The Indian Express on 27th January 2023. News– The article explains the historical aspects of the bilateral relationship between India and Egypt. Sisi visited India as Chief Guest of this year’s… Continue reading India and Egypt relationship

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Fighting The Big G – on big tech’s anti-competitive practices

Source– The post is based on the article “Fighting The Big G” published in The Times of India on 27th January 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Awareness in the field of IT Relevance– Regulation of digital ecosystem News– The article explains the issue of dominant position and anti-competitive practices of big digital players in the digital space.… Continue reading Fighting The Big G – on big tech’s anti-competitive practices

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Issues Related to the Office of Governor – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The role, powers, and discretion of the Office of Governor have been the subject of Constitutional, Political, and Legal debate for decades. The relationship between the Office of Governor and the elected Government has been strained and tense in multiple States in recent times. Critics argue that the recent political… Continue reading Issues Related to the Office of Governor – Explained, pointwise

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India and Egypt reiterate support for Non-Aligned Movement

Source: The post is based on the article “India and Egypt reiterate support for Non-Aligned Movement” published in The Hindu on 27th January 2023 What is the News? The Egyptian President was the chief guest at India’s Republic Day parade.He also met the Indian Prime Minister. What are the key highlights from the Egyptian President’s… Continue reading India and Egypt reiterate support for Non-Aligned Movement

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China has exploited tribal alienation along India-Myanmar border

Source: The post is based on the article “China has exploited tribal alienation along India-Myanmar border” published in The Hindu on 25th January 2023 What is the News? Indian Police Service(IPS) officers have presented three papers on China at the annual All India Conference of Directors-General and Inspectors-General of Police. What are the key highlights… Continue reading China has exploited tribal alienation along India-Myanmar border

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