9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief – March 27th, 2023
We have initiated some changes in the 9 PM Brief and other postings related to current affairs. What we sought to do:
- Ensure that all relevant facts, data, and arguments from today’s newspaper are readily available to you.
- We have widened the sources to provide you with content that is more than enough and adds value not just for GS but also for essay writing. Hence, the 9 PM brief now covers the following newspapers:
- The Hindu
- Indian Express
- Business Standard
- Times of India
- Down To Earth
- We have also introduced the relevance part to every article. This ensures that you know why a particular article is important.
- Since these changes are new, so initially the number of articles might increase, but they’ll go down over time.
- It is our endeavor to provide you with the best content and your feedback is essential for the same. We will be anticipating your feedback and ensure the blog serves as an optimal medium of learning for all the aspirants.
Mains Oriented Articles
GS Paper 2
- What’s The Missing Block In Building Institutes Of Excellence?
- Making sense of the disqualification of a Lok Sabha MP
- Understanding IMF bailouts
- AUKUS focus is on submarine tech., there is no room for a fourth nation: sources
- The cost of insurance-based funding
- Express View: SC order on UAPA lowers the bar for state when restricting freedoms
- The Supreme Court puts the spotlight on the mode of execution in death penalty cases
GS Paper 3
- Banking turmoil in the West has placed India at a fork in the road
- Go, Afspa, Go – Every N-E district freed of this draconian law represents an advance. But it’s time to consider full repeal
Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)
- Marburg virus disease outbreak kills five in Tanzania: What is this virus?
- Trains to ply on ‘world’s highest rail bridge’ in 2024: Railway Minister
- Explained | What is Biotransformation technology
- IGNCA launches Vedic Heritage Portal with 550 hours of audio-visual content
- Four more states found to be water-stressed amid groundwater crisis
- Here is the science behind unseasonal rains and hailstorms that flattened crops in India
- DNA profiling of 270 captive elephants completed: Govt
- Union Minister launches Aravalli Green Wall Project, a major initiative to green 5 km buffer area around the Aravalli Hill Range in four states
- ISRO puts 36 OneWeb satellites in orbit
- UK to provide weapons containing depleted uranium to Ukraine: What are these?
Mains Oriented Articles
GS Paper 2
Source: The post is based on the article “What’s The Missing Block In Building Institutes Of Excellence?” published in The Times of India on 27th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS 2 – Issues related to development and management of education
Relevance: concerns with regulating higher educational institutes.
News: The article discusses the problems with regulating higher educational institutes in India and measures that address the issue.
What are issues with regulating higher education in India?
There are numerous higher education regulators in India with University Grants Commission (UGC) being the largest regulator.
The problem with multiple regulators is that educational institutes cannot promote holistic and multi-disciplinary education.
However, in order to become self-reliant, a country needs a knowledgeable and skilled workforce with the regulators focusing on providing learning outcomes-based education and individualised learning on a mass scale.
This can only happen by building higher education institutes of excellence and by investing in academic and research excellence.
However, building excellence institutions is difficult if several regulators work in silos with no consultation processes and with overlapping roles.
Hence, the concern of multiple regulators has been addressed by National Educational Policy (NEP) 2020 through Higher Education Commission of India (HECI).
About Higher Education Commission of India (HECI)
HECI will be established through an act of Parliament. It will have four verticals – 1) a regulatory vertical, 2) an accreditation vertical, 3) a funding vertical, and 4) a standard-setting vertical.
Each of them will function in an autonomous mode but in a coordinated manner.
HECI will holistically integrate multiple higher education disciplines in all degree providing colleges.
Further, the use of the Academic Bank of Credits by all educational institutions will provide mobility for students to move from one institution to another or migrate from one discipline to another.
Read More: Higher Education Commission of India (HECI)
How can HECI function as an effective regulator?
HECI should refrain from bringing out regulations in areas requiring no regulation. It should assess the impact of regulations on functioning of higher education institutes and changes that can be brought through such regulations.
HECI can take input from stakeholders such as students, faculty members, non-teaching staff, institutional heads, etc. for formulating the regulations.
On the whole, the function of HECI must be transparent, open to take suggestions and feedback, practise regulatory self-restraint and intervene only when there is necessity for intervention.
There is also a need to create an interconnected web of regulatory functions under the different verticals of HECI. This will ensure that the regulations brought by one regulatory body gets considered in the jurisdiction of another regulatory body.
What is the way ahead?
As a consolidated regulator, HECI can play a revolutionary role in making India’s higher education suitable for innovative ideas while boosting India’s ambitions to develop institutes of excellence.
Source: This post is created based on the article
“Making sense of the disqualification of a Lok Sabha MP” published in The Hindu on 27th March 2023.
“We need to review defamation, raise the bar for disqualification” published in Indian Express on 27th March 2023.
Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 2, Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business.
News: An opposition party leader recently disqualified after the verdict in a criminal defamation case.
Section 8 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (RP Act) specifies the offences that disqualifies a member of the legislature.
Clause (3) of this section specifies that the member can also be disqualified for the conviction under any offence other than the ones mentioned in the other two clauses, for which he/she is sentenced to not less than two years.
Since, Lily Thomas vs Union of India, 2013 case judgment, the bar on instant disqualification upon conviction has been lifted.
However, if the Court stays the conviction and sentence, the disqualification will be lifted, and the membership will be restored to the legislature.
What is another view regarding instant disqualification upon conviction?
It is a general view that the seat of the legislature shall fall vacant as soon as conviction and sentence are announced by the trial court. However, a closer look reveals that the words, use in Section 8(3) of RP Act, “shall be disqualified”, cannot mean instant disqualification. If there were words, “shall stand disqualified”, it would have meant instant disqualification, without any act from any authority.
At present, the interpretation suggests that that the person shall be disqualified by some authority. As per the article 103, President is authorised to take such decisions.
There are some expert’s opinion that article 103 can be invoked only when a dispute arises on the fact of disqualification. However, this article covers the disqualifications arising due to offences under Section 8 of the RP Act 1951. SC, uphold this positions in Consumer Education and Research Society vs Union of India (2009) case. In this case, President performs adjudicatory and declaratory functions.
In cases where adjudication is not required, the President can simply declare that the sitting Member has become subject to disqualification. But the intervention of the President is essential under Article 103 even in cases where a sitting member has been convicted and the disqualification takes effect from the date of conviction.
Therefore, the notification issued by Lok Sabha Secretariat disqualifying Rahul Gandhi was not correct. Section 8 (3) does not specify which authority is empowered to disqualify an MP; therefore, President must have been referred in this case.
What are other issues associated, as per Former CEC S Y Quraishi?
First, in another such case, in October 2013, Rasheed Masood became 1st legislature to lose his membership. After that, over 20 other legislators, including Lalu Prasad, have been disqualified.
However, the case of Lakshadweep MP Mohammed Faisal is unique. He was awarded a 10-year sentence in a criminal case. 2 days later, Lok Sabha Secretariat issued a notification to disqualify him.
In January, the Kerala High Court stayed Faisal’s conviction and stayed the by-poll. However, he is not yet reinstated on his position. Here the question arises, why the suspension of conviction by Court did not came into immediate effect, like the disqualification. In Lok Prahari v Election Commission of India (2018), the Supreme Court held that once a conviction has been stayed during the pendency of an appeal, the disqualification which operates as a consequence of the conviction cannot remain in effect.
Second, what was the reason for treating the Rahul Gandhi’s remarks as criminal defamation instead of civil defamation. Furthermore, why was the sentence of the maximum possible prison-term of two years was awarded.
Third, how many of our politicians can truly survive the test of Section 153 (a) and Section 505 (Acts deal with promoting enmity based on religious and linguistic grounds.)
What are the issues with Lily Thomas judgements?
As per P.D.T. Achary (Author of the article), there are many flaws with the Lily Thomas judgment:
1) Article 103 provides that the disqualification of sitting Members shall be decided by the President. So, constitution distinguishes between candidates and sitting Members. SC ignored this fact and struck down the time window of 3 months.
2) A temporary exemption in favour of a sitting member is a reasonable requirement. Because a sudden disqualification will lead to constituency losing its representative. Section 8(4) was enacted to deal with precisely such a situation.
Why Criminal Defamation law needs a relook?
Many countries including U.K., U.S. and Sri Lanka have scrapped the criminal defamation law.
In Kultar Singh vs Mukhtiar Singh (1965), the Supreme Court advocated for allowance to the politicians for the rhetorical, hyperbolic or metaphoric words in the atmosphere, which is usually surcharged with partisan feelings and emotions.
People of mature democracies must be able to enjoy humour without any fear.
Source: This post is created based on the article “Understanding IMF bailouts”, published in Indian Express on 27th Feb 2023.
Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 2 – International Institutions
News: IMF recently approved a bailout plan for Sri Lanka. It is also in a negotiation with Pakistan for bailout plan.
What are the situations in which nations seek IMF bailout?
When nations face major macroeconomic risk, mostly in the form of a currency crisis. In the case of both Pakistan and Sri Lanka, their currency value has dropped steeply against the U.S. dollar.
Currency depreciation often results into government forcing central banks to create fresh money without any basis. It results in a rapid rise of the overall money supply. It leads to price rise due to demand and further reducing currency value.
The rapid decline in the currency value makes people hesitant to accept the currency in exchange for goods and services.
It also discourages foreign investment into country.
Many times, domestic policies of government adversely impacts the currency’s exchange rate and foreign exchange reserves. For example, in the case of Sri Lanka, a decrease in foreign tourists visiting the country led to a steep fall in the flow of U.S. dollars into the nation.
It results into shortage of money to meet their external debt and other obligations, to purchase essential imports, and also to prop up the exchange value of their currencies.
In this case, countries seek IMF’s help.
How IMF helps countries in distress?
The IMF lends money, often in the form of special drawing rights (SDRs),
IMF provides assistance to countries through a number of lending programs such as the extended credit facility, the flexible credit line, the stand-by agreement, etc.
What are the conditions of IMF’s bailout and are these justified?
IMF imposes certain conditions, before it lends any money to countries. The country will have to agree to implement certain structural reforms as a condition to receive IMF loans.
As per some critics, these reforms are too tough on the public of country. Some accuses IMF’s conditions to be influenced by international politics.
However, IMF argues that countries that seek an IMF bailout are usually in a crisis due to certain policies adopted by their governments. Thus, it will not be fruitful for IMF to waste the resources on country, where same policies continue. For instance, the IMF may demand a country affected by high price inflation to ensure the independence of its central bank. Handling corruption is usually one of the demands, like in case of Sri Lanka.
Source: This post is created based on the article “Understanding IMF bailouts”, published in Indian Express on 27th Feb 2023.
Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 2 – International Organisations
News: As per the sources, submarine technology development is the primary focus of the AUKUS arrangement. In this segment, there is no scope of potential collaboration between AUKUS and India.
However, cooperation with India is possible in the second pillar for broader technology cooperation.
Pillar-2 of the group is useful for cooperation in technologies like electronic warfare, cyberspace and quantum.
Under AUKUS arrangement, Australia will receive at least three second-hand SSNs from the U.S. in the 2030s as an interim measure. While U.K. will design and develop five new SSNs from the early 2040s to the late 2050s.
Official sources also confirms that cooperation between India and the U.S. on such a sensitive technology as the SSN is unlikely. It is because of the U.S. regulatory frameworks and India’s strategic autonomy.
India has its own indigenous programme for the design and development of SSNs. However, India is still looking to procure six advanced conventional submarines to arrest its depleting submarine strength, and also speeding up its SSN programme.
Source: This post is created based on the article “The cost of insurance-based funding”, published in The Hindu on 27th Feb 2023.
Syllabus: GS 2, Issues associated with Health
Context: The article discusses the features of Tamil Nadu public health model that made it successful.
In comparison to all India average, Tamil Nadu has achieved significant improvements in maternal and infant mortality and universal immunisation coverage, and a low total fertility rate.
Its health infrastructure is far better compared to all India average.
Therefore, there is a need to analyse the TN health model, its pros and cons.
How is TN health infrastructure financed?
The funding for the health infra comes from the National Health Mission to the Chief Minister’s Comprehensive Health Insurance Scheme (CMCHIS).
The union government and state governments are bearing the health burden of the state in a 60:40 ratio. The State government bears the insurance premium of the remaining 60 lakh families out of total. The indirect funding through the insurance companies have made it possible for the state government, but it also has its own implications:
First, it led to decentralisation of medical and healthcare administration. Now, heads of the department are empowered to purchase drugs. Now, individual departments can prioritise their needs and hasten decisions in patient care.
Second, as every department in the medical college has become an individual establishment, they compete with one another to maximise profit and minimise losses. Now, the secondary and tertiary healthcare systems look at the patient’s ailment from the view of indemnity.
Insurance companies are delaying the payments due to administrative reasons. So, the overworked hospital staff also need to focus on the negotiations with the insurance companies.
Cost cutting has led to hiring of high number of contractual staff.
Third, Doctors in the primary health centres are functioning like managers rather than clinicians. They focus has been shifted to implementation of Union government schemes using available finances.
Fourth, creation of district health societies is making the system complicated. These societies recruit doctors on a 11-month contract with a consolidated monthly emolument of ₹60,000, nurses for ₹15,000 and health workers for ₹8,500. These contractual employment for doctors is discouraging for 10,725 MBBS passing out every year.
Fifth, between 2012 and 2021, ₹7,783 crore was allotted in the CMCHIS to insurance companies in Tamil Nadu. Of this amount, majority has been claimed by private sector. It will lead to shrinking space for public hospitals.
Sixth, India has achieved good health results by ensuring doctors came from different socio-economic strata and by empowering them with good pay and providing opportunities for post-graduation and super specialisation.
Therefore, the profit-loss calculation and treatment of public health as a health industry will lead to loss of empathy for patients among health professionals.
Source: The post is based on the article “Express View: SC order on UAPA lowers the bar for state when restricting freedoms” published in the Indian Express on 27th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS – 2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Relevance: About membership of a banned association.
News: Recently, the Supreme Court has held that mere membership of a banned association is sufficient to constitute an offence under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act 1967.
About the recent SC ruling
|Must read: Supreme Court changes stand; now mere membership of a banned outfit is a crime under UAPA|
What are the previous rulings of the court on membership of a banned association?
Section 10(a)(i) of the UAPA states that where an association is declared unlawful by a notification, “a person, who is and continues to be a member of such association shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, and shall also be liable to fine”.
In 2011, the court discussed the line between advocacy and incitement to violence. The court also discussed how a passive membership or intellectual sympathy to a cause can spill over to a real call to violence. The ruling distinguished between active and passive members. In the same year, the court applied the same principle in two other cases and granted bail.
Both the centre and state of Assam had sought a review of this reading. The present ruling has overruled three older cases.
What are the reasons for overruling the decision?
Firstly, the court accepted the state’s argument that 1) there are sufficient safeguards in the stringent UAPA framework, 2) State is taking “every effort to ensure that every member of the association is made aware of the fact that such association is declared as unlawful”, 3) The government declare an organisation as unlawful only after a robust adversarial process wherein ample opportunity is given to the organisation to appeal before judiciary to justify its aims, objectives and activities being legal and not ‘unlawful’. This is done within the constitutional setup.
Secondly, the “court ought not to have relied upon the US Supreme Court judgments” since the US law is “in contradistinction to the scenario in question in India”. The court also explained that in the landmark Maneka Gandhi v Union of India case the court expanded on personal liberty. On the other hand, free speech in the US is unrestricted.
Source: The post is based on the article “The Supreme Court puts the spotlight on the mode of execution in death penalty cases” published in the Indian Express on 27th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS – 2: mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of vulnerable sections.
Relevance: About the mode of execution in death penalty cases.
News: Recent Supreme Court debates have spotlighted the mode of execution in death penalty cases.
What was the case about and What is the Centre’s stand on death by hanging?
|Read here: SC Bench seeks data on alternatives to hanging|
What are the observations of the SC on death sentences?
|Read more: Abolition is the way: On the higher judiciary’s move on the death penalty|
What are the issues associated with the execution by hanging in death penalty?
Immense suffering while executing: A documentary on “instantaneous death” by dislocating the cervical vertebrae in the US and the UK exposes that the persons undergo immense suffering due to asphyxiation before dying.
Chances of errors: Researchers have found that death by hanging has many instances of snapped ropes, necks that slipped out of nooses, partial or total decapitations, and slow death due to strangulation (instead of having the neck broken).
So, the immediate and painless nature of death attributed to hanging is an exception rather than the rule.
Global shift: Various courts including the Privy Council, the Supreme Court of Uganda and the High Court of Tanzania have relied on the suffering caused by hangings to reject it as a humane method of execution.
Issues in implementation: Ever since the constitutional validity of the death penalty was upheld, significant constitutional concerns have emerged over every aspect of its administration.
What are the challenges in changing the mode of execution in death penalty cases?
Meeting constitutional requirements: Just because the death penalty is currently permissible it is not open to the state to use any method of execution. Any mode of execution that the state adopts must be capable of meeting constitutional requirements and that is a burden for the state to discharge.
Issues with lethal injections: Execution in death penalty using lethal injections have the following issues. a) Irrefutable evidence from the US that lethal injections have been mishandled and leading to immense suffering. For example, a private study that examined 9,000 executions in the US between 1900 to 2010 found that executions using lethal injection had a higher rate of being botched than any other method, b) The procedure of lethal injections has not been scientifically or medically studied on human beings.
Note: Most states rely on a three-drug combination of sodium thiopental, pancuronium bromide and potassium chloride for lethal injections. While sodium thiopental puts the prisoner to sleep, pancuronium bromide renders the prisoner paralytic and unable to show any pain before potassium chloride causes cardiac arrest.
What should be done?
Instead of searching for the mode of execution in the death penalty, India should revisit the very administration of the death penalty in India.
|Read more: Death penalty: Deciding the rarest of the rare|
GS Paper 3
Source: The post is based on the article “Banking turmoil in the West has placed India at a fork in the road” published in Live Mint on 27th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS 3 – Economy – Money and Banking
Relevance: Impact of US bank crisis on the world
News: The failure of three US banks have shaken the global economic crisis and has reminded the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) of 2008. However, the GFC of 2008 is different from the current crisis.
How is the current crisis different from the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) of 2008?
The problem during the GFC was with the credit risk caused by a surge in banks’ bad mortgage loans.
However, the current crisis in US regional banks is due to liquidity risk driven by deposit outflows, and Silicon Valley Bank’s issues.
What are different scenarios emerging from the failure of the bank in the US?
Good scenario: In this, the US Federal Reserve manages to address banks’ liquidity needs via its new bank term-funding programme and its regular discount window.
This would prevent other smaller US banks from selling their assets at a loss. This restores confidence, deposit outflows stabilize and bank runs are avoided.
Bad scenario: It would cause a financial crisis leading to a wave of financial shocks. As seen from last year, there have been instances such as tremors in the cryptocurrency market, the UK pension liability-driven investing crisis and now in US and European banks.
However, in either of the scenarios, there will likely be weaker global growth and recession in both the US and Europe.
Why are recessions likely to happen in the US and Europe?
This is because – a) monetary policy takes time to be effective and the impact of the last year’s tightening policy is yet to fully emerge, b) the banking turmoil will further weaken growth through due to tighter lending standards for the banks and c) these shocks can have ripple effect leading to high cost of capital which in turn delay the capex by the firms along with increase in the saving.
What will be the potential impact of the crisis on India?
The crisis in the West for India means – a) weaker growth and lower inflation, b) slowdown in India’s exports and delay in private capital expenditure, c) moderate consumer demand due to higher interest rates and increased uncertainty.
It is also expected that India’s GDP growth will be moderate at 5-5.5% in 2023-24.
However, the overall impact on India will be limited because both financial and corporate sector balance sheets are stronger. India also has enough foreign exchange reserves to manage any capital account outflows.
What lies ahead?
The worst inflation is yet to come and therefore, it is necessary for India to create buffers through monetary and fiscal policies.
For monetary policy, a forward-looking approach is needed by assessing the impact of past tightening domestic policy and global spillovers along with increasing scrutiny of macro-economic financial risks.
For fiscal policy, there is a need to prepare for a potential slowdown in growth and tax revenues by curbing non-essential spending so that countercyclical public capital expenditure is maintained.
Go, Afspa, Go – Every N-E district freed of this draconian law represents an advance. But it’s time to consider full repeal
Source: The post is based on the article “Go, Afspa, Go – Every N-E district freed of this draconian law represents an advance. But it’s time to consider full repeal” published in The Times of India on 27th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS – 3: Security challenges and their management in border areas.
Relevance: About removal of disturbed area tag.
News: After 2022, the Union home ministry has considerably reduced the number of “disturbed areas” in Assam, Manipur and Nagaland. In its recent review, the “disturbed area” tag has been removed from one more district in Nagaland.
About Armed Forces Special Powers Act or AFSPA
|Must read: Armed Forces Special Powers Act or AFSPA|
About AFSPA in North East
|Read here: Explained: AFSPA and the Northeast|
At present, eight of Nagaland’s 16 districts have AFSPA in full force while in five others, AFSPA is imposed in parts. AFSPA was removed from Tripura in 2015, Meghalaya removed it in 2018 after 27 years. The Centre removed AFSPA from 23 districts – plus partially from another district – of Assam’s 36 districts last year.
What will be the way forward?
The government has successfully brought militants to surrender, join peace talks and abandon arms. For example, the 2020 Bodo Accord and the 2021 Karbi-Anglong pact have addressed the root causes of insurgencies. With this, the climate is more amenable to the total removal of AFSPA.
Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)
Source: The post is based on the article “Marburg virus disease outbreak kills five in Tanzania: What is this virus?” published in the Indian Express on 27th March 2023.
What is the News?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), around 161 people in Tanzania have been infected with highly infectious Marburg virus disease.
What is the Marburg virus disease?
According to the WHO, marburg virus disease (MVD), earlier known as Marburg hemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal hemorrhagic fever.
Symptoms: MVD can manifest itself in the form of high fever, muscle aches and severe headache. Around the third day, patients report abdominal pain, vomiting, severe watery diarrhoea and cramping. In this phase, the WHO says, the appearance of patients has been often described as “ghost-like” with deep-set eyes, expressionless faces, and extreme lethargy.
Between days five and seven, patients report bleeding from the nose, and gums and blood appearing in vomit and faeces. Severe blood loss leads to death, often between eight to nine days after symptoms begin.
Challenges in treatment: It is difficult to clinically distinguish MVD from diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever and other viral haemorrhagic fevers.
Fatality rate: The disease has an average fatality rate of around 50%. However, it can be as low as 24% or as high as 88% depending on virus strain and case management.
|Must Read: Marburg virus disease|
Source: The post is based on the article “Trains to ply on ‘world’s highest rail bridge’ in 2024: Railway Minister” published in The Hindu on 27th March 2023.
What is the News?
Chenab bridge is expected to have trains plying on it by January-February 2024.
What is Chenab Bridge?
Chenab Bridge is the world’s highest railway bridge and is part of the Udhampur -Srinagar- Baramulla rail link project(USBRL).
The bridge is being constructed over the Chenab River. It is 1315 m long and at a height of 359 m over the river bed level.
What are the unique features of Chenab Bridge?
– Bridge designed to withstand high wind speed up to 266 Km/Hour.
– Bridge designed for blast load in consultation with DRDO for the first time in India.
– Bridge designed to bear earthquake forces of highest intensity zone-V in India.
– For the first time on Indian Railways, Phased Array Ultrasonic Testing machine was used for testing of welds.
– First time on Indian Railways, National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) accredited lab established at site for weld testing.
Concerns: The construction of Chenab bridge raised several questions on the environmental impact of the project along the course of Chenab river.
What is Chenab River?
Chenab River is a major river that flows in India and Pakistan.
It is formed by the union of two headwaters, Chandra and Bhaga, which rise in the upper Himalayas in the Lahaul region of Himachal Pradesh, India.
The Chenab flows through the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of Punjab, Pakistan, before ultimately flowing into the Indus River.
The waters of the Chenab were allocated to Pakistan under the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty. India is allowed non-consumptive uses such as power generation.
Source: The post is based on the article “Explained | What is Biotransformation technology” published in The Hindu on 26th March 2023.
What is the News?
A UK-based startup claims to have developed a technology that could alter the state of plastics and make them biodegradable. The company calls the process “biotransformation”.
What is Biotransformation Technology?
Biotransformation technology is a novel technology that would digest plastic waste naturally with the help of microbes and biodegrade the waste without leaving behind any microplastics.
This technology ensures plastics that escape refuse streams are processed efficiently and broken down.
Why does India need this technology?
As per the government, India is generating 3.5 billion kgs of plastic waste annually. The per capita plastic waste generation in India has also doubled in the past five years. Of this, a third comes from packaging waste.
Also, as per one estimate, E-commerce giant Amazon generated an estimated 321 million kilograms (709 million pounds) of plastic from packaging waste in 2021 alone. These plastic packaging often ends up in the world’s freshwater and marine ecosystems as pollution.
Application: Food packaging and healthcare industries are the two prime sectors that could use this technology to reduce waste.
|Read more: Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules, 2022 – Explained, pointwise|
What are the steps taken by the Indian government to address the issue of plastic waste?
Indian government has launched multiple initiatives to move the country towards sustainability. Some of those initiatives are:
Introduced a plastic waste management gazette to help tackle the ever-growing plastic pollution caused by single-use plastics.
It imposed a ban on single-use plastics in the country.
The National Dashboard on Elimination of Single-Use Plastic and Plastic Waste Management brings all stakeholders together to track the progress made in eliminating single-use plastic and effectively managing such waste.
An Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) portal helps in improving accountability, traceability, and facilitating ease of compliance reporting in relation to EPR obligations of the producers, importers and brand-owners.
Developed a mobile app to report single-use plastics grievances to check sale, usage or manufacturing of single-use plastics in their area.
What are the other alternatives to reducing plastic waste?
A switch to jute or paper-based packaging could potentially cut down plastic waste. This could also build sustainability within the paper industry, and save on the import bill for ethylene solutions. Wooden packaging is yet another alternative, but that will make the packaging bulkier and increase the cost.
Source: The post is based on the article “IGNCA launches Vedic Heritage Portal with 550 hours of audio-visual content” published in Indian Express on 27th March 2023.
What is the News?
Union Home Minister has launched the Vedic Heritage portal in New Delhi,
What is Vedic Heritage Portal?
Developed by: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA)
Purpose: The portal is an effort to map the vedic heritage of the country.It is a one-stop solution for researchers and others who would like to search any information regarding the Vedic heritage.
– The portal gives detailed information about oral traditions, textual tradition in the form of published books/manuscripts, or implements (yajna-related objects).
Features: The portal is available in a mix of English and Hindi, besides audio content in Sanskrit.
– Research articles and lectures on scientific subjects explaining the relevance of ‘Vedic knowledge’ in the perspective of modern science are also documented on the portal.
Source: The post is based on the article “Four more states found to be water-stressed amid groundwater crisis” published in The Hindu on 27th March 2023.
What is the News?
Four more states – Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh have been found to be water-stressed. These states have more than 3% of their ‘assessment areas’ falling in the over-exploited category.
These states will now be brought under the Atal Bhujal Yojana (Atal Jal) along with seven other states which are already under the scheme.
What is Atal Bhujal Yojana?
About the Groundwater Crisis in India
Groundwater plays an important role in increasing food and agricultural production, providing safe drinking water and facilitating industrial development in India.
It contributes fresh water to meet the requirements of nearly 65% of irrigated area, which caters to nearly 85% of rural drinking water and 50% of urban drinking water needs.
According to the Dynamic Ground Water Resources Assessment Report by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), the groundwater extracted in 1,186 blocks, mandals and taluks is more than what is replenished annually through rainfall and other sources.
Nearly 61% of the observation wells in the country show a long-term declining trend in groundwater levels.
Experts say poor land use policies in India have resulted in the loss of smaller wetlands and the degradation of most wetlands that ultimately pushed groundwater levels very low. Most of the wetlands are treated as wastelands by local administrations and encroached on for other land-use purposes that need to be immediately stopped.
Source: The post is based on the article “Here is the science behind unseasonal rains and hailstorms that flattened crops in India” published in Down To Earth on 27th March 2023.
What is the News?
Large parts of the country experienced hailstorms which were also accompanied by torrents of rain. The hail and rains have led to extensive damage to standing crops in many states, such as Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Punjab.
What are the reasons for these unseasonal rains and hailstorms?
Firstly, the rainfall and the storms were caused by multiple western disturbances (WD) and many troughs, which are extended low-pressure areas, formed due to the interaction of the WDs and associated systems with winds blowing in from the east, mainly the Bay of Bengal.
Secondly, a warming Arabian Sea could also be responsible for the intense storm activity and rain.
Thirdly, India Meteorological Department(IMD) also cited a strong subtropical westerly jet stream, a band of winds that circles the subtropical regions of the planet in the upper layers of the troposphere, as a reason for the storm activity.
– This was aided by the incursion of moisture-laden winds from the Bay of Bengal and the lowering of the freezing level in the atmosphere, which helped in the formation of hail.
What is Western Disturbance(WD)?
A Western Disturbance(WD) is an extratropical storm originating in the Mediterranean region that brings sudden winter rain to the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent, which extends as east as up to northern parts of Bangladesh and Southeastern Nepal.
The meaning of WD lies in its name: The disturbance travels from the “western” to the eastern direction.
– Disturbance means an area of “disturbed” or reduced air pressure.In the term “extra-tropical storm”, storm refers to low pressure.“Extra-tropical” means outside the tropics.
Impact of WD: A WD is associated with rainfall, snowfall and fog in northern India.Upon its arrival in Pakistan and northern India, clouds along with rain and snow also arrive.The moisture which WDs carry with them comes from the Mediterranean Sea and/or from the Atlantic Ocean.
Source: The post is based on the article “DNA profiling of 270 captive elephants completed: Govt” published in Indian Express on 27th March 2023.
What is the News?
The DNA profiling of 270 of the 2,675 captive elephants in the country has been completed.
Note: India is home to 20% of the global captive Asian elephant population.
What is DNA profiling?
DNA profiling is a method to differentiate between individuals of the same species using samples of their Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
DNA profiling of elephants was started in August 2022 for Gaj Soochna App. This will act as the ‘Adhaar card of captive elephants’.
– Note: Gaj Soochna is a mobile application developed to record the details of captive elephants across India. The centralized database will include physical and genetic information of every captive elephant individual of the country.
The DNA profiling process is being carried out in collaboration with the Wildlife Institute of India.
What are the benefits of DNA Profiling of elephants?
Firstly, forest officers can identify each elephant and track it and therefore its transfer, which often happens in the case of captive elephants, can be recorded.
Secondly, more focus can be put on elephant care – with unique information about elephants.
Note: Unlike Project Tiger, Project Elephant looks at the welfare and health of captive elephants as well.
What is Project Elephant?
About Elephant Population in India
India has the largest and the most stable population of Asian elephants, where more than 60% of wild Asian elephants are in India.
The population of 29,964 elephants as recorded in the last elephant census conducted in 2017 speaks volumes of the passion for wildlife conservation ingrained in Indian culture.
As per the Elephant Census (2017), Karnataka has the highest number of elephants (6,049), followed by Assam (5,719) and Kerala (3,054).
Union Minister launches Aravalli Green Wall Project, a major initiative to green 5 km buffer area around the Aravalli Hill Range in four states
Source: The post is based on the article “Union Minister launches Aravalli Green Wall Project, a major initiative to green 5 km buffer area around the Aravalli Hill Range in four states” published in PIB on 26th March 2023.
What is the News?
The Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change has launched the Aravalli Green Wall Project.
What is the Aravalli Green Wall Project?
The Aravalli Green Wall Project is part of the Union Environment Ministry’s vision to create green corridors across the country to combat land degradation and desertification.
The project covers the states of Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Delhi – where the Aravalli hills landscape span over 6 million hectares of land.
Objectives of the project:
– Improve the ecological health of the Aravalli range
– To prevent the eastward expansion of the Thar Desert and to reduce land degradation by creating green barriers that will prevent soil erosion, desertification and dust storms
Features of the project: The project will involve planting native species of trees and shrubs on scrubland, wasteland and degraded forest land, along with rejuvenating and restoring surface water bodies such as ponds, lakes and streams.
– The project will also focus on agroforestry and pasture development to enhance the livelihoods of local communities.
Significance of the project: The project will help in:
– Promoting sustainable development and livelihood opportunities by involving local communities in afforestation, agro-forestry and water conservation activities that will generate income, employment, food security and social benefits.
– Contributing to India’s commitments under various international conventions such as UNCCD (United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification), CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) and UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change).
Source: The post is based on the article “ISRO puts 36 OneWeb satellites in orbit” published in The Hindu on 27th March 2023.
What is the News?
The Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO)’s GSLV-Mk3/LVM3 has successfully launched the second batch of 36 Oneweb satellites into Low Earth Orbit.
About OneWeb satellites
OneWeb is a global communication network powered from space, enabling connectivity for governments and businesses.
Bharti Enterprises is a major investor in OneWeb group, which is engaged in the implementation of the constellation of low earth satellites.
OneWeb Group has signed an agreement with ISRO’s commercial arm NewSpace India Ltd to launch 72 satellites into Low-Earth orbits(LEO).
The first set of 36 satellites for OneWeb was launched in 2022. This is the second launch.
This was the eighteenth launch of OneWeb satellites bringing the constellation’s total number of satellites to 618.
OneWeb intends to use 588 active satellites in its first-generation constellation to provide global connectivity at high speed and low latency.
Significance: This was the sixth launch for India’s heaviest rocket LVM-3 – which includes the launch of Chandrayaan-2 in 2019 – and the second one where it demonstrated the capability of launching multiple satellites in low earth orbit (LEO).
About India’s share in the commercial space market
India has been concentrating on increasing its share of the global commercial space market ever since the country decided to open the space sector to private players in 2020.
It is one of the world’s major space-faring nations, but it only has 2% of the commercial market at the moment.
Till date, ISRO has launched 384 foreign satellites from at least 36 countries, with at least 10 dedicated commercial missions and several other Indian missions where they were carried as co-passenger satellites. The highest number of these commercial launches have been by companies from the United States.
India plans to increase its 2% share in the commercial market to 10% by 2030 through commercial launches by ISRO and launches offered by private companies like Skyroot and Agnikul, which are in the process of developing their own launch vehicles.
Keeping this in mind, ISRO has also developed the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV), which is meant to provide on-demand launch services commercially.
Source: The post is based on the article “UK to provide weapons containing depleted uranium to Ukraine: What are these?” published in Indian Express on 27th March 2023.
What is the News?
The British government has announced that it would provide Ukraine with armour-piercing rounds containing Depleted Uranium.
What is Depleted Uranium?
Depleted uranium is a byproduct of the process of creating enriched uranium, which is used in nuclear reactors and nuclear weapons.
In comparison to enriched uranium, depleted uranium is much less radioactive and is incapable of generating a nuclear reaction.
However, due to its high density — it’s more dense than lead — depleted uranium is widely used in weapons as it can easily penetrate armour plating.
Which countries have depleted uranium munitions?
As per the International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons. US, Britain, Russia, China, France and Pakistan are known to produce uranium weapons which are not classified as nuclear weapons. Another 14 states are known to store them.
Where have depleted uranium munitions been used?
Depleted uranium munitions were used in the 1991 Gulf War to destroy T-72 tanks in Iraq. These weapons were again used in the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia and then during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
What are the risks of using such weapons?
Even though depleted uranium munitions aren’t considered nuclear weapons, experts suggest that such weapons must be used with caution because they emit low levels of radiation and can cause severe diseases.
Ingesting or inhaling quantities of uranium – even depleted uranium – is dangerous. It depresses renal function and raises the risk of developing a range of cancers.
Moreover, depleted uranium munitions which miss their target can poison groundwater and soil.
Source: The post is based on the article “Jharkhand CM writes to PM, seeks recognition of Sarna religious code for tribals” published in “Indian Express” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? Jharkhand Chief Minister has written to the Prime Minister seeking recognition of the ‘Sarna’ religious code for tribals. What is Sarna religion?… Continue reading Jharkhand CM writes to PM, seeks recognition of Sarna religious code for tribals
Source: The post is based on the article “Law Commission against lowering age of consent under POCSO Act” published in “The Hindu” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? The Law Commission has recommended the government to retain the existing age of consent under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act. What… Continue reading Law Commission against lowering age of consent under POCSO Act
Union Minister launches the Intelligent Grievance Monitoring System (IGMS) 2.0 Public Grievance portal and Automated Analysis in Tree Dashboard portal of DARPG
Source: The post is based on the article “Union Minister launches the Intelligent Grievance Monitoring System (IGMS) 2.0 Public Grievance portal and Automated Analysis in Tree Dashboard portal of DARPG” published in “PIB” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? The Union Minister of State for Personnel has launched the Intelligent Grievance Monitoring System… Continue reading Union Minister launches the Intelligent Grievance Monitoring System (IGMS) 2.0 Public Grievance portal and Automated Analysis in Tree Dashboard portal of DARPG
Renewable Energy Company IREDA gets upgraded from ‘Schedule B’ to ‘Schedule A’ Central Public Sector Enterprise
Source: The post is based on the article “Renewable Energy Company IREDA gets upgraded from ‘Schedule B’ to ‘Schedule A’ Central Public Sector Enterprise” published in “PIB” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. (IREDA) has been upgraded from ‘Schedule B’ to the ‘Schedule A’ category of Central… Continue reading Renewable Energy Company IREDA gets upgraded from ‘Schedule B’ to ‘Schedule A’ Central Public Sector Enterprise
PM’s call for Ek Tareekh Ek Ghanta Ek Saath could be world’s largest voluntary effort for a cleaner India
Source: The post is based on the article “PM’s call for Ek Tareekh Ek Ghanta Ek Saath could be world’s largest voluntary effort for a cleaner India” published in “PIB” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? Government of India has launched ‘Ek Tareekh Ek Ghanta Ek Saath’ Initiative. What is Ek Tareekh Ek… Continue reading PM’s call for Ek Tareekh Ek Ghanta Ek Saath could be world’s largest voluntary effort for a cleaner India
Source: The post is based on the article “22nd Law Commission submits report on e-FIR” published in “PIB” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? The 22nd Law Commission of India has given several suggestions related to the electronic first information reports (e-FIR). What are the recommendations given by the 22nd Law Commission report… Continue reading 22nd Law Commission submits report on e-FIR
Source: The post is based on the article “New guidelines propose no admissions to students below Class 9 at coaching centers” published in “The Hindu” on 30th September 2023. What is the News? Rajasthan Government has issued guidelines to regulate coaching institutes in Kota, a coaching hub. Who recommended these guidelines? The guidelines were recommended… Continue reading New guidelines propose no admissions to students below Class 9 at coaching centres
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘Global dispute settlement, India and appellate review’ published in The Hindu on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 2, International Relations News: The G-20 Declaration emphasized the need for reforms in the World Trade Organization (WTO). It was aimed to enhance its functions and ensure… Continue reading Global dispute settlement, India and appellate review
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘Push for more women, this time in the police’ published in The Hindu on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 2 – Social Issues – News: Recently, One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Amendment Bill, 2023 has been passed. The bill reserves one-third of total seats in… Continue reading Push for more women, this time in the police
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘Taming Big Tech’ published in Business Standard on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 2 – Liberalization of Industrial Policies News: Big Tech companies, often referred to as MAMAA (Meta, Amazon, Microsoft, Alphabet, and Apple), are facing increased scrutiny and legal challenges. Recently, significant cases… Continue reading Taming Big Tech
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘Narco Taliban’ published in The Times of India on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3 – Internal Security News: Methamphetamine, a strong illegal drug, is becoming more popular worldwide, with Afghanistan as a key source. This drug is replacing heroin. Afghanistan has now become… Continue reading Narco Taliban – Why Afghan meth is India’s big headache
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘40th…Now What?’ published in The Times of India on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3 – Indian Economy – India’s Industrial Policies News: India’s innovation rank in 2023 index is still too low. India’s rise to 40th position in the World Intellectual Property Organisation’s… Continue reading 40th…Now What? India’s Innovation Index 2023
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘India’s wildlife, decimated by hunting and forest exploitation, found succour in national parks’ published in The Times of India on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3 – Biodiversity Conservation News: Article discusses the evolution of forest and wildlife conservation efforts in India. Evolution of… Continue reading India’s wildlife, decimated by hunting and forest exploitation, found succour in national parks
Source: This post is created based on the article ‘Extended exclusion – on AFSPA’ published in The Hindu on 30th Sep, 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3 – Internal Security News: The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) will remain in effect in the hill areas of Manipur for another six months from October. This… Continue reading Extended exclusion – on AFSPA
Source: The post is based on the article “On semiconductors, jugaad won’t do” published in The Indian Express on 30th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Indigenization of Technology, Growth & Development Relevance: Benefits and challenges associated with setting up semiconductor fabrication unit in India. News: India is finally building its first semiconductor fabrication unit, which is… Continue reading On semiconductors, jugaad won’t do
Source: The post is based on the article “As illicit trade booms, seizure mount: 3.5 tonnes of gold, 18 crore cigarette sticks and 90 tonnes of heroin caught in FY23” published in The Indian Express on 30th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Internal Security – Linkages of Organized Crime with Terrorism Relevance: Findings of the… Continue reading As illicit trade booms, seizure mount
[Kurukshetra 2023 September] Make In India-Challenges Opportunities and Outcomes-Explained Pointwise
For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → ‘Make in India’ launched on 25 September 2014 is one of the game-changing economic initiatives of the Government of India. This timely and appropriate international marketing slogan is aimed at encouraging companies and individuals across the globe to facilitate, foster innovation, build world-class infrastructure and build a hub for manufacturing, design,… Continue reading [Kurukshetra 2023 September] Make In India-Challenges Opportunities and Outcomes-Explained Pointwise
Hello, everyone. We are posting a Compilation of the 10 pm current affairs quiz – September 2023 – 3rd week Click on the following link to download Download The 10 PM Daily Current Affairs Quiz is focused on the current affairs part of UPSC Prelims. The daily current affairs quiz consists of 10 questions based on the daily current… Continue reading [Download] 10 PM Weekly Compilation – September, 2023 – 3rd week
The 69th BPSC Combined Preliminary Competitive Examination was conducted today, i.e. 30 September 2023. This exam, which was conducted in the 1st session from 12 PM to 2 PM, was a General Studies paper. The downloadable PDFs of the 69th BPSC prelims question paper for SET A, SET B, SET C, and SET D are… Continue reading 69th BPSC Prelims Question Paper 2023 | Set A, B, C, and D
Dear Friends, Following are answers to Mains Marathon questions, we posted yesterday. About Mains Marathon – This is an initiative of ForumIAS to help/aid aspirants in their writing skills, which is crucial to conquering mains examination. Every morning, we post 2 questions are based on current affairs. The questions framed are meaningful and relevant to the exam.… Continue reading [Answered] Mains Marathon I Daily Answer Writing I September 29th, 2023
Dear Friends, We are writing to let you know that on Thursday, October 5, at 5 PM we shall be organizing an Interaction Session with Natasha Goel, Rank 175, CSE 2022. Registration link: https://go.forumias.com/5oct5pm Natasha is from JNU, with a background in humanities, who decided to first pursue her preparation with a… Continue reading Meet Natasha, IPS who cleared Civils (after not clearing it 4 times) ! 5th Oct. 5 PM
About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – Sep 30th 2023
Source: The post is based on the article “What is geospatial intelligence? A geographer explains the powerful melding of maps and data” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Geospatial intelligence has offered valuable insights to help governments and organizations to protect communities from natural disasters. What is Geospatial Intelligence?… Continue reading What is geospatial intelligence? A geographer explains the powerful melding of maps and data
Source: The post is based on the article “Tripura becomes fourth state to introduce e-cabinet system” published in “Indian Express” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Tripura Chief Minister has launched an e-cabinet system to promote digital infrastructure development and digitisation of government services and information What is an eCabinet system? eCabinet is… Continue reading Tripura becomes fourth state to introduce e-cabinet system
Source: The post is based on the article “MGNREGS social audit unit in a state of paralysis in many States” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? The Social Audit Units under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS). What is Social Audit under MGNREGA? Social Audit is the… Continue reading MGNREGS social audit unit in a state of paralysis in many States
Source: The post is based on the article “Uttar Pradesh Achieves 100% ODF Plus Coverage under Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen” published in “PIB” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Uttar Pradesh has achieved 100% Open Defecation Free (ODF) Plus coverage under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) programme. What is ODF Plus village? An… Continue reading Uttar Pradesh Achieves 100% ODF Plus Coverage under Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen
Source: The post is based on the article “What is the ‘Five Eyes’ intelligence alliance?” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? The Canadian Prime Minister has linked the killing of a Khalistani leader on Canadian soil to the Indian government. This has put the spotlight on the intelligence-sharing alliance… Continue reading What is the ‘Five Eyes’ intelligence alliance?
Assam Promotes Pipe Composting: A Unique Way Of Converting Biodegradable Waste Into Manure in Two Months
Source: The post is based on the article “Assam Promotes Pipe Composting: A Unique Way Of Converting Biodegradable Waste Into Manure in Two Months” published in “PIB” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Assam is actively promoting Pipe Composting among its rural communities during the ongoing Swachhata Hi Seva campaign. What is Pipe… Continue reading Assam Promotes Pipe Composting: A Unique Way Of Converting Biodegradable Waste Into Manure in Two Months
Source: The post is based on the article “Inside the digital world of cookies” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? In the digital world, cookies enhance online experiences but pose privacy and security challenges.Their usage and regulation are evolving in the digital landscape. What are Cookies? Cookies contain tiny… Continue reading Inside the digital world of cookies
Source: The post is based on the article “Union Minister launches CRIIIO 4 GOOD modules to advance gender equality and empower young people” published in “PIB” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? The Union Minister for Education and Skill Development & Entrepreneurship has launched ‘CRIIIO 4 GOOD’, a new online, life skills learning… Continue reading Union Minister launches CRIIIO 4 GOOD modules to advance gender equality and empower young people
Source: The post is based on the article “India retains 40th rank in the Global Innovation Index 2023” published in “PIB” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? Global Innovation Index 2023 has been published by the World Intellectual Property Organization. What is the Global Innovation Index? Click Here to read What are the… Continue reading India retains 40th rank in the Global Innovation Index 2023
Source– The post is based on the article “Bhagat Singh’s Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” published in “The Indian Express” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Modern Indian history and personalities News– The article explains the Bhagat Singh ideas about the principle of vasudhaiva kutumbakam What are Bhagat Singfh ideas about the ideal of vasudhaiva kutumbakam? Early in… Continue reading Bhagat Singh’s Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam
Source: The post is based on the article “A milestone in Hindu marriage reform in India” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Society- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. News: The author is discussing the long struggle in Tamil Nadu, India, for legal recognition of Suyamariyathai (self-respect) marriages, which… Continue reading A milestone in Hindu marriage reform in India
Source: The post is based on the article “A dictionary to prevent a language from vanishing” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Art and culture News: The article is about a rare language, Toto, spoken by 1,600 people near West Bengal and Bhutan. A professor from the University of Calcutta is… Continue reading A dictionary to prevent a language from vanishing
Source– The post is based on the article “Parliament to workplace” published in “The Indian Express” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS2 – Social empowerment. Relevance – Issues related to women empowerment News– The recent landmark legislation mandating the reservation of a third of parliamentary and assembly seats for women is a game changer for… Continue reading Parliament to workplace
Source: The post is based on the article “Warring Over Water – River fights between states need a single dispute resolution body with real enforcement powers” published in The Times of India on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Indian Polity – Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure Relevance: About Cauvery Water Dispute. News:… Continue reading Warring Over Water – River fights between states need a single dispute resolution body
Source: The post is based on articles “Unhealthy dynamics – Gender bias in cancer care reflects a larger health care crisis” published in Business Standard on 29th September 2023 and “Lancet report on cancer in women is a wake-up call” published in The Indian Express on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Social Issues – Issues… Continue reading Unhealthy dynamics – Gender bias in cancer care reflects a larger health care crisis
Source: The post is based on the article “Reform can address India’s kidney transplant deficit” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Governance- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health News: This article talks about the severe kidney shortage in India, where laws make kidney swaps and… Continue reading Reform can address India’s kidney transplant deficit
Source– The post is based on the article “KEEPING SFBs AFLOAT” published in “The Business Standard” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Economy Relevance- Issues related to banking sector News– The article explains the issues related to Small finance banks (SFBs). What are some facts about Small Finance Banks (SFBs)? They are designed to promote… Continue reading KEEPING Small Finance Bank (SFBs) AFLOAT
Source– The post is based on the article “We should join the WTO’s investment facilitation talks” published in the “mint” on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Economy Relevance- Issues related to WTO News– On 6 July 2023, over 110 of the WTO 164 members concluded text-based negotiations on the Agreement on Investment Facilitation for Development… Continue reading We should join the WTO’s investment facilitation talks
Source: The post is based on the article “Swaminathan walked ahead of his time: scientific community” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Science and technology- Achievements of Indians in science & technology. News: The article is honoring M.S. Swaminathan, a respected agricultural scientist from India who recently passed away. It discusses… Continue reading Swaminathan walked ahead of his time: scientific community
For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Recently, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has released its first report on hypertension. According to the first-ever report released by WHO on the global impact of hypertension, at least 4.6 million deaths in India can be prevented by 2040 if half its hypertensive population controls its blood pressure. What is hypertension?… Continue reading WHO Report on Hypertension-Explained Pointwise
Dear Friends, For those of you who plan to appear for IFoS, we are organising a strategy talk by Anuradha, who has secured Rank 3 in IFoS 2022. Interested candidates, who would like to seek her guidance can visit the offline center and have a small interaction with her. Especially for students… Continue reading IFoS AIR 3 Anuradha Mishra; Interactive session-1st Oct @ 5 PM
Dear Friends, Following are answers to Mains Marathon questions, we posted yesterday. About Mains Marathon – This is an initiative of ForumIAS to help/aid aspirants in their writing skills, which is crucial to conquering mains examination. Every morning, we post 2 questions are based on current affairs. The questions framed are meaningful and relevant to the exam.… Continue reading [Answered] Mains Marathon I Daily Answer Writing I September 28th, 2023
About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – Sep 29th 2023
Source: The post is based on the article “World Coffee Conference in Bengaluru from Sept 25 to 28” published in “ Business Standard” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? Bengaluru is all set to host the 5th World Coffee Conference(WCC). What is the World Coffee Conference(WCC)? Organized by: International Coffee Organisation (ICO) in… Continue reading World Coffee Conference in Bengaluru from Sept 25 to 28
Source: The post is based on the article “Social bonds explained as NABARD raises Rs 1,040 crore via its inaugural issue” published in “CNBC” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has issued its inaugural social bonds with a total size of Rs 1,040.50 crore. What… Continue reading Social bonds explained as NABARD raises Rs 1,040 crore via its inaugural issue
WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit co-hosted by Ministry of Ayush adopted ecofriendly methods aimed at reducing carbon emissions
Source: The post is based on the article “WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit co-hosted by Ministry of Ayush adopted ecofriendly methods aimed at reducing carbon emissions” published in “PIB” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? The Ministry of Ayush has been adopting and propagating eco-friendly methods to reduce carbon emissions and environmental pollution… Continue reading WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit co-hosted by Ministry of Ayush adopted ecofriendly methods aimed at reducing carbon emissions
Source: The post is based on the article “STs trail non-STs in 81 health measures: 2021 study” published in “The Hindu” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? A recent study in ‘The Lancet Regional Health — Southeast Asia’ has analyzed health, nutrition, and population trends among Scheduled Tribes (STs) in India from 2016… Continue reading STs trail non-STs in 81 health measures: 2021 study
Source: The post is based on the article “Green Ammonia Imported through VOC Port, Tamil Nadu for the first time” published in “PIB” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? State-run V O Chidambaranar (VOC) Port located in Tamil Nadu has become the first port in India to handle green ammonia with the arrival… Continue reading Green Ammonia Imported through VOC Port, Tamil Nadu for the first time