9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief – March 29th, 2023
We have initiated some changes in the 9 PM Brief and other postings related to current affairs. What we sought to do:
- Ensure that all relevant facts, data, and arguments from today’s newspaper are readily available to you.
- We have widened the sources to provide you with content that is more than enough and adds value not just for GS but also for essay writing. Hence, the 9 PM brief now covers the following newspapers:
- The Hindu
- Indian Express
- Business Standard
- Times of India
- Down To Earth
- We have also introduced the relevance part to every article. This ensures that you know why a particular article is important.
- Since these changes are new, so initially the number of articles might increase, but they’ll go down over time.
- It is our endeavor to provide you with the best content and your feedback is essential for the same. We will be anticipating your feedback and ensure the blog serves as an optimal medium of learning for all the aspirants.
Mains Oriented Articles
GS Paper 2
- Healthcare in India has made great progress, but challenges remain
- The entry of foreign firms should herald more legal sector reforms
- Suspect moves: On changes to reservation policy in Karnataka
GS Paper 3
- Understanding the street dogs-human conflict
- A disturbing example of the normalisation of lawfare
- Understanding the street dogs-human conflict
- Blended finance can fill investment gaps to meet SDGs
- RIP Sasha: India’s dream of its own cheetah population rests on her companions
- GDPs Without Borders – That even Japan is open now to immigration shows what mistakes other aging, rich countries are making
Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)
- India urges G20 to find ways to shrink widening trade finance gap
- NCPCR writes to States to introduce concessions for children with Type 1 diabetes in schools
- Panel to look at ways to boost multilateral banks
- India will continue to work with African nations to promote regional security, stability: Defence Minister
- What does Muslim personal law say on inheritance?
- China ramping up bailout loans to BRI countries: Report
- India to estimate TB burden using own system
Mains Oriented Articles
GS Paper 2
Source– The post is based on the article “Healthcare in India has made great progress, but challenges remain” published in “The Indian Express” on 28th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS2- Issues related to development and management of health
News- The article deals with challenges faced by the healthcare sector in India.
What are the achievements of India in healthcare?
In 2007, it was estimated that India would achieve a total fertility rate of 2.1 only by 2041. India has achieved this by 2020.
High maternal and infant mortality seemed very difficult to overcome in 2010. Ten years later, the latest NFHS-5 findings show that in BIMARU states, hospital deliveries have soared to 89 per cent.
What are the challenges faced by the healthcare sector in India?
Non-communicable diseases – Cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes are increasing. They all share four behavioural risk factors — an unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity and use of tobacco and alcohol.
‘India: Health of the nation’s states’ report estimated that the proportion of deaths due to non-communicable diseases has increased from around 38% in 1990 to 62% in 2016.
Obesity has increased from 19% to 23% between NFHS-4 and NFHS-5. Among Delhi’s citizens, 38 per cent were found to be obese, followed by Tamil Nadu and Kerala. This increases the risk of diabetes, hypertension, and CVD.
Inequalities in the state of infrastructure– Since 2018, governments at the Centre as well as the state are establishing health and wellness centres. But a 2022 report by the Centre for Community Medicine in AIIMS found huge variations between states.
Some northeastern states like Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland were found to have better arrangements. The lowest proportions of primary health facilities were in Jharkhand, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh.
Inequalities– In urban areas, the challenge is to bridge the gap in hospital services between large urban agglomerations and tier II and tier III cities.
A recent Lancet publication found that core health services are not uniform across state-run district hospitals. Just 16% of the district hospitals in Tamil Nadu offered all key services. In some states, it was just 1%. People have to bank on the private sector.
Large hospital chains like Apollo, Fortis account for just 4-5% of the beds in the private sector. Standalone hospitals and nursing homes provide 95% of private hospital beds. They are unable to provide multi-specialty, tertiary and quaternary care.
Insurance and high expenditure on health– The other problems centre around low health insurance penetration and the very high personal outgo on healthcare. From 2018, the Ayushman Bharat insurance scheme for 10 crore poor families has been undertaken. Nearly 74% of Indians are either covered or eligible for health insurance coverage.
However, millions remain uninsured. Out-patient doctor consultation costs, diagnostics, and drugs account for around 50% of the total health expenditure.
It is, therefore, essential to provide insurance for the unorganised middle class and to include identified out-patient costs.
Use of Artificial Intelligence and digital technology– Use of AI for healthcare is welcome. But there are ethical and regulatory concerns related to it. A new dimension has made the regulation of healthcare even more compelling.
Source: The post is based on the article “The entry of foreign firms should herald more legal sector reforms” published in Live Mint on 29th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS 2 – Governance – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors
Relevance: measures needed to bring legal reforms
News: The Bar Council of India (BCI) has allowed foreign lawyers and foreign law firms to practice and set up offices in India.
About the BCI decision to permit foreign lawyers
Foreign lawyers and firms will be allowed to practice on the principle of reciprocity. This means that the other country must also offer similar treatment to Indian lawyers and firms.
What are the advantages of allowing foreign firms in India?
The BCI Rules for Registration and Regulation of Foreign Lawyers and Foreign Law Firms in India, 2023, states that the standards and proficiency of Indian lawyers and firms are up to international standards.
Therefore, allowing foreign lawyers and firms will –a) help in the growth of the legal profession, b) generate employment and retainership opportunities, c) provide global exposure to Indian lawyers.
What other steps can be taken to bring legal reforms in the country?
Allow FDI in Indian law firms: As per the rules, persons not qualified to practice law in India are restricted from investing in a law firm. This makes Indian law firms to be dependent on the domestic capital from the lawyers.
Further, restricting FDI to the Indian legal firms will give the competitive advantage to foreign legal firms operating in India.
Hence, allowing FDI in legal sector will – a) allow Indian lawyers and law firms to raise foreign capital, b) benefit Indian legal sector through innovation and technology c) help local legal entrepreneurs create more startups.
Lift restrictions on solicitation and advertising: Indian legal professionals are barred from advertising their legal services because their services are considered to be in the public interest of securing justice. This makes commercialization of the legal profession undesirable.
However, in reality this profession is already commercialized. Lawyers and law firms are in the business of serving clients and charge fees for their services.
Therefore, lifting restriction on advertising the legal profession will – a) enable efficient price discovery in the legal market as lawyers or firms could reveal their fees and charges, b) price discovery would allow more individuals and firms to enter the legal market and lead to growth and lower service charge, c) encourage market players to conduct research and innovation that might offer superior services, as seen in advanced countries.
What is the way ahead?
India is set to reach a size of $5 trillion plus in a few years. This will increase the demand for quality legal services and better dispute resolution mechanisms are integral to a sound business environment and the ease of doing business.
Therefore, the BCI, law ministry, policymakers and other stakeholders must make policies that will lead to growth, development and innovation in the legal sector to better serve the interests of justice and the economy.
Source: The post is based on the article “Suspect moves: On changes to reservation policy in Karnataka” published in The Hindu on 29th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS – 2: mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of vulnerable sections.
Relevance: About the recent reservation policy of Karnataka.
News: The Karnataka government decided to scrap the 4% quota for Muslims within the Other Backward Classes (OBC) category and earmark an additional 2% each to the dominant Vokkaliga and Veerashaiva-Lingayat communities. This is reminiscent of the abrogation of the 5% quota for Muslims in Maharashtra in 2015.
Note: The Karnataka State Backward Classes Commission has not recommended for the withdrawal of reservations for Muslims.
What will be the impact of the decision?
a) The scrapping of reservations for Muslims, including their poorer members, will now have to compete with the general category for the 10% ‘Economically Weaker Sections’ quota, b) The move will be seen as discriminative and divisive against a minority group in the hope of garnering the support of the majority.
|Read more: On reservation for women in politics|
What are the constitutional provisions for reservation?
The Constitution does not allow reservation on the basis of religion alone. For example, there have been judicial verdicts striking down quotas for Muslims for not being backed by a proper study of the extent of backwardness in the community.
However, it is possible to extend reservation benefits to the backward sections among religious minorities identified on the basis of relevant criteria. For example, some States have been implementing reservations in educational institutions as well as public employment for Muslims by including them in the Backward Classes (BC) list.
In conclusion, major decisions, such as changing the reservation policy, in the run-up to elections may end up creating unwanted fires.
|Read more: Supreme Court’s Judgment on EWS Reservation – Explained, pointwise|
GS Paper 3
Source– The post is based on the article “Understanding the street dogs-human conflict” published in “The Hindu” on 28th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS3- Environment – Man- Animal Conflicts
Relevance– Issues related to stray animals
News– There is growing Intolerance against dogs and conflicts between humans and animals are increasing.
What are the reasons behind growing intolerance towards street dogs?
Resident Welfare Associations– They are often the instigators of violence. They do not have real power. Power demands that an enemy be identified. So, dogs living there peacefully become the target.
Animal instincts– Dogs get aggressive when they perceive a threat. They want to protect themselves or their litter from attacks if they are unwell or hungry.
They become aggressive if they are forcibly relocated, or have witnessed abuse and neglect.
Implementation of rules– The Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules of 2001 have been recommended by the WHO and the World Organisation for Animal Health as the only way to bring about a sustained decline in the dog population.
However, necessary measures have not been implemented by local authorities to manage the street dog population.
The lack of budget and infrastructure, the prevalence of corrupt and inefficient practices, and the absence of transparency and monitoring are the challenges in implementation.
Fascination for foreign breeds– It is responsible for bad treatment of native breeds. Business of Pet shops thrive due to it.
What are steps taken by the government to regulate foreign breeds?
In 2016, the Central government prohibited the import of pedigree dogs into India. In 2017, it notified Rules for strictly regulating dog breeders.
In 2018, following a recommendation by the Law Commission, the Pet Shop Rules were notified to prevent the trade of pedigree dogs.
What is the importance of street dogs?
If there is a vacuum created by killings of dogs, it will be occupied by a more inconvenient species, such as rats, mice, mongoose and cockroaches.
The London Plague of 1665 was a result of the killing of 2,50,000 dogs and cats. The mice population grew, and 70% of the human population was wiped out. A similar incident happened in Surat in the near past, when a plague scare was spread as a result of removing dogs.
What is the way forward to reduce the conflicts between humans and dogs?
The effective strategy would be the implementation of the ABC(Animal Birth Control) Programme by municipal bodies in accordance with the new ABC Rules of 2023.
A proactive approach would be to encourage the adoption of Indian dogs. If one person out of every 100 people adopts a dog from the street, there would be no dogs on the roads.
The native breeds of dogs should be promoted. Native dogs have better immune systems and make great pets.
The importance of people who look after native dogs on the streets has been recognised by our courts. In the new ABC Rules, community dog caregivers have been granted protection from harassment.
Reports of dog attacks must be tested on the benchmark of proof. Recently, it was reported that two children had been killed by dogs in Vasant Kunj in New Delhi. Still, it has not been proven.
Source– The post is based on the article “A disturbing example of the normalisation of lawfare” published in “The Hindu” on 25th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS3- Polity – Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business
Relevance– Issues related to disqualification of representatives
News– Recently, Rahul Gandhi was disqualified from the membership of Lok Sabha after two year imprisonment in defamation case.
What are issues with the court judgement in the defamation case of Rahul Gandhi?
Legal reasoning– The complainant claimed that by virtue of his surname, he and all other people having surname “Modi” had been defamed by Mr. Gandhi’s remark.
The law of defamation is clear that if references are made to an indefinite “class” of people, an individual cannot claim that they are a member of that class. Therefore, they have been defamed.
For example, if I say that “all lawyers are thieves”, a lawyer cannot come to court and say that they have been defamed.
The “class of all persons in the world bearing the surname Modi” is a indefinite and indeterminate group.
Quantum of the sentence– Criminal defamation has a maximum penalty of two years’ imprisonment. This ‘maximum penalty’ is very rarely awarded. Defamation is a pure speech offence.
People should not be imprisoned for lengthy periods purely on the basis of their statement. There are almost no recorded instances of courts awarding the maximum sentence of two
years in a criminal defamation case.
The quantum of sentence was exactly that which was needed to attract an MP’s disqualification from Parliament. Indeed, immediately after the judgement, Mr. Gandhi was disqualified. At that point, the judgement had not even been translated.
Why disqualification proceedings against Rahul Gandhi is not good for India parliamentary democracy?
The disqualification proceedings are another example of delegitimizing the opponent. The Representation of the People Act provides for disqualification.
Disqualifying an elected member of a legislature is an extremely serious action in a parliamentary democracy. It leaves them without representation until a by-election is announced and the seat is filled.
For this reason, the Representation of the People Act kept a parliamentarian’s disqualification in abeyance until at least one appellate body could scrutinise the initial order of conviction.
Why striking down provisions related to the three month period given to the legislature for appeal in the Lily Thomas case affects the political process?
The Supreme Court reasoned that the convicted politician could always move the appellate court for a stay upon their conviction. However, this interpretation concentrates more power in the hands of courts when it comes to the political process.
The Lok Sabha Secretariat issued the disqualification order before the convicted individual’s lawyers moved for a stay. So, the protection the Court thought was available is not sufficient.
The Lily Thomas judgement is just one of many examples where the Supreme Court has intervened in the political process. It has made the delegitimization of opponents easier.
It is concerning because one crucial component of the legitimacy of courts is their reputation for impartiality between contending political forces.
Source– The post is based on the article “The need for sector-specific safeguards in ‘techade’” published in “The Hindu” on 29th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS2- E-governance
Relevance– Issues related to regulation of digital space
News– The Digital Personal Data Protection (DPDP) Bill 2022 was proposed recently. It provides a framework to safeguard citizens’ information from misuse and unauthorised access.
What is the approach followed by the Digital Personal Data Protection Bill 2022?
The current draft of the Bill tries to tackle the issue of conflicting sectoral regulations. It states that the provisions of the Bill will complement and not create exemptions from existing regulations. But, in case of conflict, the Bill will take precedence.
The Bill raises concerns about sectoral regulations that may go beyond what the Bill provides.
What is the importance of sectoral expertise?
Data protection and privacy are highly dependent on context, including the type of data collected, how it is collected, the intended use and the associated risks. This makes sectoral expertise crucial to regulate effectively.
Sectoral expertise offers a deep understanding of a particular sector, including its market dynamics, technologies, risks and business models. It also enables regulators to engage with stakeholders and industry experts in a well informed and productive manner.
What are the major approaches adopted by the global community to regulate privacy and protect data?
They are comprehensive legislation and sector specific regulations.
Comprehensive approach– The European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation is the comprehensive approach.
The GDPR, despite being a comprehensive framework, has specific provisions for certain industries such as health care.
GDPR also permits EU Member States to implement measures which go beyond the provisions given in the GDPR. For example, Germany has stricter provisions compared to the GDPR.
The European Data Protection Board is made up of representatives from each EU member state’s data protection authority. It provides guidance on the implementation and interpretation of the GDPR, including sector specific issues.
Sectoral approach– The sectoral approach is followed in the United States. It is seen through laws such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act in health care, and the GrammLeachBliley Act for the financial sector. It consists of regulations tailored to specific industries.
What are issues with the American sectoral approach to data protection?
There are issues related to inconsistent protection, problems in enforcement, overlapping and contradictory provisions, and a lack of federal regulation.
This creates confusion and coverage gaps for businesses. There is no centralised authority to enforce data protection laws. It leads to a lack of standardisation.
What is the way forward for regulation of data in India?
The GDPR model may not work for India as the The Data Protection Board is designed as a grievance agency, and not as a regulator.
The current draft of the Bill needs greater clarity and specificity regarding the interaction with sectoral regulations. There is a need to draw from our experience to find the right balance.
In India, we already have sectoral regulations regarding data protection such as the Reserve Bank of India’s directive on storage of payment data. These are the result of extensive industry consultations and expert input.
Neglecting these regulations and establishing a new framework would undermine the considerable effort invested in their creation. It will require the industry to readjust their
operations again at considerable cost.
The DPDP Bill must serve as the minimum layer of protection, with sectoral regulators having the ability to build on these protections.
Data protection is a complex subject. There is a need to create room for sectoral experts to safeguard the interests of citizens more effectively.
Source: This post is created based on the article “Blended finance can fill investment gaps to meet SDGs”, published in Live Mint on 29th March 2023.
Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3 – Indian Economy – Finance instruments
Context: Blended finance can help to meet SDGs by filling investment.
During covid-19, several producers of raw materials fell short of working capital required to for face masks, vaccines and supply chains.
To tackle this issue, a blended financing entity called Sustainable Access to Markets and Resources for Innovative Delivery of Healthcare (Samridh) was launched. The scheme was launched with the help of multiple stakeholders including Indian government, USAID, The Rockefeller Foundation and many more.
What was the significance of Samridh scheme?
The scheme assisted over 25 million people and deployed over $16 million in philanthropic funds to over 60 social enterprises.
It has mobilized a capital pool of $300 million to offer both grant and debt financing provisions to healthcare enterprises and innovators. It helped sustain their operations.
How blended finance mechanism are attractive to investors?
Blended finance lets investors choose different risk tolerances, while all participating in the same project. It means different investors can choose different risk and return mix in the same investment.
It incentivizes and mobilizes private capital into the business where investment is hard to come.
To mitigate risks, blended finance initiatives offer technical support, capacity-building aid, relevant data and tools for impact measurement, monitoring and evaluation.
Successive grants are outcome-based, which is based on achieving set milestones for further funding.
Why there is a need for blended finance mechanism to achieve SDGs?
According to the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights, there is currently an annual shortfall of $4 trillion in developing countries.
A policy brief by the G20’s Think 20 Engagement Group highlights that several nations of the Global South are likely to fall short of their 2030 sustainable development goals (SDGs) on account of a funding gap.
Low-income regions find it harder to attract funding, due to small ecnomy size, high regulatory complexity and country-specific risks. Moreover, relying solely on philanthropy and government funding cannot address transnational challenges.
Therefore, blended finance can be helpful, where investors hardly invest.
Innovative blending can support project preparation and solve information gaps, enabling investment in multiple projects. It can work at the institutional level by blending public subsidies in the market to encourage private investments.
Global crises like climate change and food insecurity can be handled using blended finance.
In the G20 Sustainable Finance Roadmap also, India has emphasized the need to adopt innovative financing methods and can help the Global South develop blended finance instruments to meet SDGs.
Developing nations require an environment that lets private investments thrive, which calls for activating policies that allow private players and philanthropies to support their growth.
Source: The post is based on the article “RIP Sasha: India’s dream of its own cheetah population rests on her companions” published in the Indian Express on 29th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS – 3: Environment and Bio-diversity Conservation.
Relevance: About Sasha’s death on India’s cheetah reintroduction project.
News: Sasha, one of the eight Namibian cheetahs translocated to Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh has died due to kidney infection. The infection is reportedly picked up while in captivity in Namibia.
About Sasha, Cheetah Reintroduction Project and Kuno National Park
|Read here: Cheetah Sasha dies due to kidney ailment in Madhya Pradesh’s Kuno National Park|
About Cheetah range countries
Cheetahs’ smaller, lighter Asiatic cousins once ranged across the swathe of land from the Indian subcontinent to the Arabian peninsula. They are now declared critically endangered, found only in Iran now. That too only 12 — nine males and three females — remain.
This is because of a) a decline in prey, b) loss of habitat and c) the rise in trophy hunting.
In India, the last three recorded cheetahs are believed to have been felled by Maharaja Ramanuj Pratap Singh Deo of Surguja in 1947.
What is the present state of India’s cheetah reintroduction project?
Captive cheetahs, like domestic cats, are known to be especially prone to kidney disease. On the other hand, kidney disease is rarely seen in their wild counterparts. Among 8 cheetahs brought from Namibia, one male and one female have been released into the wild.
GDPs Without Borders – That even Japan is open now to immigration shows what mistakes other aging, rich countries are making
Source: The post is based on the article “GDPs Without Borders – That even Japan is open now to immigration shows what mistakes other aging, rich countries are making” published in The Times of India on 29th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS – 3: Employment.
Relevance: About global worker shortages and the role of the immigrant workforce.
News: The Japanese agriculturalists are now recruiting farm labour from across the Indian countryside. This is because Indians are willing to climb up Japanese mountains to cut and carry down Koyamaki (umbrella pines).
This is a win-win for both, as India has an overabundance of young farmers and the declining Japanese economy is facing worker shortages. Further, migrants also send money back to India.
How global nations are tackling worker shortages?
Many countries, like Japan, are having ageing populations. These countries are fully aware that expanding the immigrant workforce will expand their tax base, innovation, productivity, GDP et al.
IMF and others have also found that aggregate gains from the immigrant workforce can materialise very quickly.
What are the alternative methods tried by global nations to tackle worker shortages?
Efforts for raising national birth rates: This method is a complete failure. For example, in Japan itself, the population has changed little since 1991.
Create barriers to immigration: Rich countries’ that keep the barriers to immigration not only hurts the poorer origin countries but also the rich countries also.
|Read more: Stopping the boats: On the U.K.’s new ‘Illegal Migration Law’|
What needs to be done to facilitate a more immigrant workforce in future?
Countries like China and America’s futures will likely be scripted by their exceptional attractiveness to migrants. A full embrace of immigrant workers will cheer the global economy and create GDPs Without Borders.
Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)
Source: The post is based on the article “India urges G20 to find ways to shrink widening trade finance gap” published in The Hindu on 29th March 2023.
What is the News?
Under India’s Presidency, the first G20 Trade and Investment Working Group (TIWG) meeting has been conducted. In this, India highlighted the widening trade finance gap. As estimated by ADB, the Trade finance gap was $1.5 trillion in 2018 and has now increased to $2 trillion.
About the G20 TIWG meeting
Aim: To build a shared understanding of the challenges faced in global trade and investment, and utilise existing opportunities for the benefit of humanity and find common solutions.
Participants: Over 100 delegates from G20 member countries, invitee countries, regional groupings and international organisations.
What are the key solutions discussed in the G20 TIWG meeting on the Trade finance gap?
-The role banks, financial institutions, development finance institutions, and export credit agencies could play to identify the gaps and address the challenges in the trade finance arena amidst the uncertain global trade landscape.
-There is a need to accelerate digitalisation as well as the adoption of fintech solutions for improving access to trade finance.
–Digitalisation of international trade: International cooperation in harmonising definitions, standards and data sharing across borders digitally is required.
-All nations should endeavour to adopt enabling legislation in the next few years to achieve paperless international trade.
Source: The post is based on the article “NCPCR writes to States to introduce concessions for children with Type 1 diabetes in schools” published in The Hindu on 29th March 2023
What is the News?
The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights(NCPCR) has written to the Chairman/Secretary Education Boards of all States and Union Territories stating that it is the duty of schools to ensure that children with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) are provided with proper care and required facilities.
What is Type 1 Diabetes(T1D)?
Type 1 Diabetes(T1D) is diagnosed in childhood or adolescence as a condition where the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
This requires the children to constantly monitor their sugar levels and diet, and regulate physical activity. Treatment involves taking multiple injections of insulin daily, lifelong.
According to data from the International Diabetes Federation Atlas 2021, India has the world’s highest number of children and adolescents living with Type I Diabetes Mellitus(TIDM) at over 2.4 lakh.
What are the guidelines issued by NCPCR to states on Type 1 Diabetes(T1D)?
In 2017, CBSE issued a circular allowing children with T1D in Classes X and XII to carry certain eatables with them to the board examination hall, to prevent the occurrence of hypoglycaemia or low sugar episodes.
The NCPCR has said that more such concessions should be granted to all children with T1D in schools.
As per NCPCR, a child with T1D who requires a mid-afternoon snack should be permitted by the class teacher to consume it.
Those writing exams may be allowed to carry medicines, snacks and water with them, a glucometer and glucose testing strips to test blood sugar and continuous/flash glucose monitoring devices or insulin pumps.
NCPCR has also appealed to States that in case a smartphone is required to monitor sugar levels, it should be allowed and can be held by the invigilator in the hall.
Source: The post is based on the article “Panel to look at ways to boost multilateral banks” published in TOI on 29th March 2023
What is the News?
A nine-member G20 expert panel has been set up to suggest ways to strengthen multilateral development banks (MDBs) like the World Bank.
About the G20 expert group on strengthening multilateral development banks(MDBs):
Chaired by: The group is co-chaired by Former US Secretary of Treasury Larry Summers and India’s NK Singh, Chairman of the 15th Finance Commission.
Mandate of the group:
To draw up a roadmap for an updated MDB ecosystem for the 21st century so that these institutions are better equipped to finance a wide range of sustainable development goals and global challenges such as climate change and health.
To evaluate the funding required by and from multilateral development banks to address their and member countries’ increased financing needs.
To draw up a mechanism for coordination among these MDBs to address and finance global development.
What are Multilateral Development Banks(MDBs)?
Multilateral Development Banks(MDBs) refer to international financial institutions that provide development and other assistance to nations.
MDBs include World Bank, IMF, BRICS Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, New Development Bank, etc.
MDBs provide long-term loans for the capital-intensive infrastructure sector for developing countries, assist to deal with humanitarian crisis situations, help nations to build capacity for resource generation and exploration, etc.
India will continue to work with African nations to promote regional security, stability: Defence Minister
Source: The post is based on the article “India will continue to work with African nations to promote regional security, stability: Defence Minister” published in PIB on 29th March 2023
What is the News?
At the first edition of the India-Africa Army Chiefs’ Conclave, Defence Minister said that India will continue to work with African nations to promote regional security, foster stability and enhance defence capabilities.
This conclave was organized on the sidelines of the 2nd Africa-India Joint Exercise ‘AFINDEX’ in Pune, Maharashtra.
What are the key highlights from the Defence Minister’s address at the conclave?
African Struggle and Representation: Africa is the cradle of humanity and respective races and ethnicities.
– India is one of the most ancient civilizations in the world with a youthful population and a fast-growing economy.
– Civilizational ties including people-to-people contacts have laid the foundation for the free flow of ideas and practices since time immemorial. It gained significant momentum during our common struggle against imperialism.
Human Resources of India and Africa: The people of India and Africa together represent one-third of humanity, a demographic dividend which must be used. India and Africa must seize this opportunity to turn this human resource into an engine of growth and development.
Digital Payment systems and innovations: India would like to share its growth experiences in these domains so that the African partners can benefit from Indian expertise.
– One example is the financial inclusion of the entire country through digital technology through a unified payment interface, UPI.
India-Africa defence relation and Indian support: India has been at the forefront of providing training to the armed forces of the African nations and equating their military personnel with the necessary skills and competencies to face the security challenges of the 21st century.
– Indian training programs cover a wide range of areas including counter-insurgency, maritime security, and specialized training in new techniques such as fibre warfare and drone operations.
Source: The post is based on the article “What does Muslim personal law say on inheritance?” published in The Hindu on 29th March 2023
What is the News?
A Muslim couple from Kerala has recently decided to get their marriage registered under the Special Marriage Act (SMA), almost 30 years after getting married according to Islamic principles.
The couple has done this so that principles of the SMA Act could apply to matters of inheritance in his family, and enable his daughters to inherit the couple’s property under the Indian Succession Act, of 1925. The couple has three daughters and no sons.
This decision has put the spotlight on Islamic principles of inheritance.
What does Islamic Law say?
The Quran clearly outlines the principles of inheritance for both direct and indirect heirs.
According to the rules on the division of property in Islam, a daughter gets half the share of the son. So if a son inherits a plot of 100 meters from the father, the daughter gets a plot of 50 metres or half the value of the 100-metre plot.
If a couple has only a daughter or daughters, the daughters can inherit only two-thirds of the father’s property. Beyond that, the shares are for the mother and for paternal blood relatives.
What are the other options available under Islamic Law?
Within Islamic law, options are available to such a couple in case they want the property to remain within the family.
The first option is to make a will or vasiyat under which a person can declare that upon his death, a particular heir shall inherit not more than one-third of the property. This is often done in case one of the children is not financially sound, or has special needs, or has served his or her parents more than other children.
The second option is the concept of virasat. Under virasat or inheritance, there is the option of hiba which allows the unrestricted transfer of wealth or property to a person during the lifetime of the donor. This is like a gift deed.
Source: The post is based on the article “China ramping up bailout loans to BRI countries: Report” published in TOI on 29th March 2023
What is the News?
For the past decade, China has lent massive amounts of loans to countries across Asia, Africa and Europe, growing its global influence through infrastructure mega projects and becoming one of the world’s biggest creditors.
Why is China providing bailout loans to these countries?
China has provided over $240 billion worth of bailout loans to 22 developing countries at risk of default over the past two decades, with the trend accelerating in recent years.
Almost all the funds went to Belt and Road Initiative(BRI) countries such as Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Turkey. These are mostly low and middle-income nations that have received Chinese loans for infrastructure development.
China is aggressively providing more emergency loans to these countries for reasons of either geopolitical significance like a strategic location or lots of natural resources.
Why are Chinese loans being criticized?
It has been claimed that China lends money to other countries, which end up having to cede control of key assets if they can’t meet their debt repayments.
One example often cited by critics of China is Sri Lanka, which years ago embarked on a massive port project in Hambantota with Chinese investment. But the project struggled to prove viable leaving Sri Lanka with growing debts.
In 2017, Sri Lanka agreed to give state-owned China Merchants a controlling 70% stake in the port on a 99-year lease in return for further Chinese investment.
How does China’s lending compare with others?
China does not publish records of its foreign loans, and the majority of its contracts contain non-disclosure clauses which prevent borrowers from revealing their contents.
Are Chinese loans harder to repay?
China tends to lend at higher rates of interest than western governments.
At around 4-5 %, China’s loans are close to commercial market rates and about four times that of a typical loan from the World Bank or an individual country such as France or Germany.
The required repayment period for a Chinese loan is also generally shorter – less than 10 years, compared to around 28 years for other lenders’ concessional loans to developing countries.
Source: The post is based on the article “India to estimate TB burden using own system” published in The Hindu on 29th March 2023
What is the News?
India has become the first country in the world to have developed a country-level mathematical model to estimate the prevalence of TB cases.
What is the model developed by India to estimate TB cases?
India’s own mathematical model to estimate TB cases is based on the natural history of the disease, individual status of infection, health care, missed or correct diagnosis, treatment coverage and outcomes including cure and death.
The model used data from several sources including the first TB prevalence survey, Nikshay portal, and the sub-national certification system where the TB-free status of various states is estimated and ranked.
Using this model, TB incidence and mortality estimate data for India will be available by March every year, months before the annual WHO estimates are released in October.
What is the data on TB according to India’s own mathematical model?
India’s TB incidence rate stands at 196 per 100,000 population instead of the 210 estimated by WHO.
The TB mortality rate — according to the Indian model — stands at 23 per 1,00,000 people against the 35 that WHO had estimated in 2022.
The pandemic disruption has been estimated at about 4 lakh missed TB cases for each of the two years, 2020 and 2021.
|Must read: Eliminating tuberculosis (TB) in India by 2025 – Explained, pointwise|
Hello, everyone. We are posting a Compilation of the 10 pm current affairs quiz – September 2023 – 3rd week Click on the following link to download Download The 10 PM Daily Current Affairs Quiz is focused on the current affairs part of UPSC Prelims. The daily current affairs quiz consists of 10 questions based on the daily current… Continue reading [Download] 10 PM Weekly Compilation – September, 2023 – 3rd week
The 69th BPSC Combined Preliminary Competitive Examination was conducted today, i.e. 30 September 2023. This exam, which was conducted in the 1st session from 12 PM to 2 PM, was a General Studies paper. The downloadable PDFs of the 69th BPSC prelims question paper for SET A, SET B, SET C, and SET D are… Continue reading 69th BPSC Prelims Question Paper 2023 | Set A, B, C, and D
Dear Friends, Following are answers to Mains Marathon questions, we posted yesterday. About Mains Marathon – This is an initiative of ForumIAS to help/aid aspirants in their writing skills, which is crucial to conquering mains examination. Every morning, we post 2 questions are based on current affairs. The questions framed are meaningful and relevant to the exam.… Continue reading [Answered] Mains Marathon I Daily Answer Writing I September 29th, 2023
Dear Friends, We are writing to let you know that on Thursday, October 5, at 5 PM we shall be organizing an Interaction Session with Natasha Goel, Rank 175, CSE 2022. Registration link: https://go.forumias.com/5oct5pm Natasha is from JNU, with a background in humanities, who decided to first pursue her preparation with a… Continue reading Meet Natasha, IPS who cleared Civils (after not clearing it 4 times) ! 5th Oct. 5 PM
About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – Sep 30th 2023
Source: The post is based on the article “What is geospatial intelligence? A geographer explains the powerful melding of maps and data” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Geospatial intelligence has offered valuable insights to help governments and organizations to protect communities from natural disasters. What is Geospatial Intelligence?… Continue reading What is geospatial intelligence? A geographer explains the powerful melding of maps and data
Source: The post is based on the article “Tripura becomes fourth state to introduce e-cabinet system” published in “Indian Express” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Tripura Chief Minister has launched an e-cabinet system to promote digital infrastructure development and digitisation of government services and information What is an eCabinet system? eCabinet is… Continue reading Tripura becomes fourth state to introduce e-cabinet system
Source: The post is based on the article “MGNREGS social audit unit in a state of paralysis in many States” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? The Social Audit Units under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS). What is Social Audit under MGNREGA? Social Audit is the… Continue reading MGNREGS social audit unit in a state of paralysis in many States
Source: The post is based on the article “Uttar Pradesh Achieves 100% ODF Plus Coverage under Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen” published in “PIB” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Uttar Pradesh has achieved 100% Open Defecation Free (ODF) Plus coverage under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) programme. What is ODF Plus village? An… Continue reading Uttar Pradesh Achieves 100% ODF Plus Coverage under Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen
Source: The post is based on the article “What is the ‘Five Eyes’ intelligence alliance?” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? The Canadian Prime Minister has linked the killing of a Khalistani leader on Canadian soil to the Indian government. This has put the spotlight on the intelligence-sharing alliance… Continue reading What is the ‘Five Eyes’ intelligence alliance?
Assam Promotes Pipe Composting: A Unique Way Of Converting Biodegradable Waste Into Manure in Two Months
Source: The post is based on the article “Assam Promotes Pipe Composting: A Unique Way Of Converting Biodegradable Waste Into Manure in Two Months” published in “PIB” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? Assam is actively promoting Pipe Composting among its rural communities during the ongoing Swachhata Hi Seva campaign. What is Pipe… Continue reading Assam Promotes Pipe Composting: A Unique Way Of Converting Biodegradable Waste Into Manure in Two Months
Source: The post is based on the article “Inside the digital world of cookies” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? In the digital world, cookies enhance online experiences but pose privacy and security challenges.Their usage and regulation are evolving in the digital landscape. What are Cookies? Cookies contain tiny… Continue reading Inside the digital world of cookies
Source: The post is based on the article “Union Minister launches CRIIIO 4 GOOD modules to advance gender equality and empower young people” published in “PIB” on 29th September 2023. What is the News? The Union Minister for Education and Skill Development & Entrepreneurship has launched ‘CRIIIO 4 GOOD’, a new online, life skills learning… Continue reading Union Minister launches CRIIIO 4 GOOD modules to advance gender equality and empower young people
Source: The post is based on the article “India retains 40th rank in the Global Innovation Index 2023” published in “PIB” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? Global Innovation Index 2023 has been published by the World Intellectual Property Organization. What is the Global Innovation Index? Click Here to read What are the… Continue reading India retains 40th rank in the Global Innovation Index 2023
Source– The post is based on the article “Bhagat Singh’s Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” published in “The Indian Express” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Modern Indian history and personalities News– The article explains the Bhagat Singh ideas about the principle of vasudhaiva kutumbakam What are Bhagat Singfh ideas about the ideal of vasudhaiva kutumbakam? Early in… Continue reading Bhagat Singh’s Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam
Source: The post is based on the article “A milestone in Hindu marriage reform in India” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Society- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. News: The author is discussing the long struggle in Tamil Nadu, India, for legal recognition of Suyamariyathai (self-respect) marriages, which… Continue reading A milestone in Hindu marriage reform in India
Source: The post is based on the article “A dictionary to prevent a language from vanishing” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS1- Art and culture News: The article is about a rare language, Toto, spoken by 1,600 people near West Bengal and Bhutan. A professor from the University of Calcutta is… Continue reading A dictionary to prevent a language from vanishing
Source– The post is based on the article “Parliament to workplace” published in “The Indian Express” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS2 – Social empowerment. Relevance – Issues related to women empowerment News– The recent landmark legislation mandating the reservation of a third of parliamentary and assembly seats for women is a game changer for… Continue reading Parliament to workplace
Source: The post is based on the article “Warring Over Water – River fights between states need a single dispute resolution body with real enforcement powers” published in The Times of India on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Indian Polity – Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure Relevance: About Cauvery Water Dispute. News:… Continue reading Warring Over Water – River fights between states need a single dispute resolution body
Source: The post is based on articles “Unhealthy dynamics – Gender bias in cancer care reflects a larger health care crisis” published in Business Standard on 29th September 2023 and “Lancet report on cancer in women is a wake-up call” published in The Indian Express on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Social Issues – Issues… Continue reading Unhealthy dynamics – Gender bias in cancer care reflects a larger health care crisis
Source: The post is based on the article “Reform can address India’s kidney transplant deficit” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Governance- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health News: This article talks about the severe kidney shortage in India, where laws make kidney swaps and… Continue reading Reform can address India’s kidney transplant deficit
Source– The post is based on the article “KEEPING SFBs AFLOAT” published in “The Business Standard” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Economy Relevance- Issues related to banking sector News– The article explains the issues related to Small finance banks (SFBs). What are some facts about Small Finance Banks (SFBs)? They are designed to promote… Continue reading KEEPING Small Finance Bank (SFBs) AFLOAT
Source– The post is based on the article “We should join the WTO’s investment facilitation talks” published in the “mint” on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Economy Relevance- Issues related to WTO News– On 6 July 2023, over 110 of the WTO 164 members concluded text-based negotiations on the Agreement on Investment Facilitation for Development… Continue reading We should join the WTO’s investment facilitation talks
Source: The post is based on the article “Swaminathan walked ahead of his time: scientific community” published in “The Hindu” on 29th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Science and technology- Achievements of Indians in science & technology. News: The article is honoring M.S. Swaminathan, a respected agricultural scientist from India who recently passed away. It discusses… Continue reading Swaminathan walked ahead of his time: scientific community
For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Recently, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has released its first report on hypertension. According to the first-ever report released by WHO on the global impact of hypertension, at least 4.6 million deaths in India can be prevented by 2040 if half its hypertensive population controls its blood pressure. What is hypertension?… Continue reading WHO Report on Hypertension-Explained Pointwise
Dear Friends, For those of you who plan to appear for IFoS, we are organising a strategy talk by Anuradha, who has secured Rank 3 in IFoS 2022. Interested candidates, who would like to seek her guidance can visit the offline center and have a small interaction with her. Especially for students… Continue reading IFoS AIR 3 Anuradha Mishra; Interactive session-1st Oct @ 5 PM
Dear Friends, Following are answers to Mains Marathon questions, we posted yesterday. About Mains Marathon – This is an initiative of ForumIAS to help/aid aspirants in their writing skills, which is crucial to conquering mains examination. Every morning, we post 2 questions are based on current affairs. The questions framed are meaningful and relevant to the exam.… Continue reading [Answered] Mains Marathon I Daily Answer Writing I September 28th, 2023
About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – Sep 29th 2023
Source: The post is based on the article “World Coffee Conference in Bengaluru from Sept 25 to 28” published in “ Business Standard” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? Bengaluru is all set to host the 5th World Coffee Conference(WCC). What is the World Coffee Conference(WCC)? Organized by: International Coffee Organisation (ICO) in… Continue reading World Coffee Conference in Bengaluru from Sept 25 to 28
Source: The post is based on the article “Social bonds explained as NABARD raises Rs 1,040 crore via its inaugural issue” published in “CNBC” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has issued its inaugural social bonds with a total size of Rs 1,040.50 crore. What… Continue reading Social bonds explained as NABARD raises Rs 1,040 crore via its inaugural issue
WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit co-hosted by Ministry of Ayush adopted ecofriendly methods aimed at reducing carbon emissions
Source: The post is based on the article “WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit co-hosted by Ministry of Ayush adopted ecofriendly methods aimed at reducing carbon emissions” published in “PIB” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? The Ministry of Ayush has been adopting and propagating eco-friendly methods to reduce carbon emissions and environmental pollution… Continue reading WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit co-hosted by Ministry of Ayush adopted ecofriendly methods aimed at reducing carbon emissions
Source: The post is based on the article “STs trail non-STs in 81 health measures: 2021 study” published in “The Hindu” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? A recent study in ‘The Lancet Regional Health — Southeast Asia’ has analyzed health, nutrition, and population trends among Scheduled Tribes (STs) in India from 2016… Continue reading STs trail non-STs in 81 health measures: 2021 study
Source: The post is based on the article “Green Ammonia Imported through VOC Port, Tamil Nadu for the first time” published in “PIB” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? State-run V O Chidambaranar (VOC) Port located in Tamil Nadu has become the first port in India to handle green ammonia with the arrival… Continue reading Green Ammonia Imported through VOC Port, Tamil Nadu for the first time
Source: The post is based on the article “Indian Navy to unveil ‘Swavlamban 2.0’ next week: Vice-Chief” published in “The Hindu” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? The Indian Navy will release its updated indigenisation roadmap called ‘Swavlamban 2.0’. What is Swavlamban? Swavlamban is the Naval Innovation & Indigenisation Organisation’s (NIIO) annual seminar.… Continue reading Indian Navy to unveil ‘Swavlamban 2.0’ next week: Vice-Chief
Source: The post is based on the article “INDO-PACIFIC ARMIES CHIEFS CONFERENCE(IPACC)” published in “PIB” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? The Defence Minister delivered the inaugural address at the 13th Indo-Pacific Armies Chiefs’ Conference(IPACC) in New Delhi. What is the Indo-Pacific Armies Chiefs’ Conference(IPACC)? Organized by: Indian Army with the US Army … Continue reading INDO-PACIFIC ARMIES CHIEFS CONFERENCE(IPACC)
Source: The post is based on the article “Gujarat turns over new leaf, bans invasive tree species: ‘Adverse impact’” published in “Indian Express” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? Gujarat Government has banned the planting of Conocarpus trees in both forest and non-forest areas due to their adverse impact on the environment and… Continue reading Gujarat turns over new leaf, bans invasive tree species: ‘Adverse impact’
Source: The post is based on the article “India ageing, elderly to make up 20% of population by 2050: UNFPA report” published in “The Hindu” on 28th September 2023. What is the News? The India Ageing Report 2023 has been released y by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the International Institute for Population… Continue reading India ageing, elderly to make up 20% of population by 2050: UNFPA report
Dear Friends, As the Mains gets over, we will slowly navigate towards the prelims examination. The Prelims examination 2023 has shows us the need for early preparation, a good knowledge base – but the most important factor – practicing questions from all possible avenues. We are excited to inform you that ForumIAS has… Continue reading Pre-Order : Toolkit for Prelims 2024
Source: The post is based on the article “The G-20’s screen over ‘mazdoors’, their rights” published in “The Hindu” on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS2- International relation- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. News: The author expresses concern that during the G-20 Summit, India, under Prime Minister Narendra… Continue reading The G-20’s screen over ‘mazdoors’, their rights
Nearly 69 lakh cancer deaths among Indian women were preventable: What a study says on gender and the disease
Source– The post is based on the article “Nearly 69 lakh cancer deaths among Indian women were preventable: What a study says on gender and the disease” published in “The Hindu” on 27th September 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Social Issues – Issues related to development and management of health Relevance- Cancer among women News– A new… Continue reading Nearly 69 lakh cancer deaths among Indian women were preventable: What a study says on gender and the disease
Source– The post is based on the article “ASEAN’s China dilemma” published in “The Indian Express” on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS2- International Relations – Regional and global groupings News– During the recent ASEAN meeting, Indonesia successfully introduced new perspectives into often contentious ASEAN positions. What was the approach of Indonesia on the Indo-Pacific during… Continue reading ASEAN’s China dilemma
Source: The post is based on the article “Devotion of Teacher X – Individual and national futures depend on math skills, which depend on good teacher training” published in The Times of India on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Social Issues – Issues Related with Education Relevance: concerns with math proficiency in India News: India… Continue reading Devotion Of Teacher X – Individual and national futures depend on math skills
Source: The post is based on the article “Why are tigers dying in Nilgiris district?” published in “The Hindu” on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Environment – Ecology and environment News: This article discusses the concerning deaths of ten tigers, including cubs, in the Nilgiris since August. The reasons include factors like fighting, possible poisoning,… Continue reading Why are tigers dying in Nilgiris district?
Source– The post is based on the article “What does a drop in household financial savings imply for India?” published in “The Hindu” on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3 – Economy Relevance- Issues related to savings and investment in the economy News– The household financial savings data recently published in the latest issue of the… Continue reading What does a drop in household financial savings imply for India?
Source: The post is based on the article “Timeless quest- Bennu sample can help human understanding beyond the immediate” published in “The Hindu” on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Science and technology- Awareness in the fields of Space News: This article discusses NASA’s OSIRIS-REx mission, which collected rock samples from the ancient asteroid Bennu. The… Continue reading Timeless quest- Bennu sample can help human understanding beyond the immediate
Source: The post is based on the article “Drawing the line- Information aids public safety, and is not a trigger for panic” published in “The Hindu” on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- disaster management News: Article discusses land-subsidence in Joshimath, Uttarakhand due to infrastructure projects, causing safety concerns. Reports reveal non-compliance to building codes and… Continue reading Drawing the line- Information aids public safety, and is not a trigger for panic
Source– The post is based on the article “GDP doesn’t mean much for economy” published in “The Hindu” on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Indian Economy – Indian economy and growth News– The article explains the issues of overemphasis on growth for measuring the economic well-being of the population. What are issues related to overemphasis… Continue reading GDP doesn’t mean much for economy
Source: The post is based on the article “Let us not resurrect the ghost of retro taxation” published in Live Mint on 28th September 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Indian Economy – Growth & Development, Taxation Relevance: concerns with high GST on online casinos and gaming platforms. News: The government’s decision to impose 28% GST on online… Continue reading Let us not resurrect the ghost of retro taxation
For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Recently released report “State of Working India 2023” has higlighted the present status of unemployment in India. The report has been prepared by Azim Premji University’s Centre for Sustainable Employment. The report highlights the trends of Unemployment in India over the decade. Present Status of Unemployment in India according to “State… Continue reading Present Status of Unemployment In India – Explained Pointwise
Dear Friends, Following are answers to Mains Marathon questions, we posted yesterday. About Mains Marathon – This is an initiative of ForumIAS to help/aid aspirants in their writing skills, which is crucial to conquering mains examination. Every morning, we post 2 questions are based on current affairs. The questions framed are meaningful and relevant to the exam.… Continue reading [Answered] Mains Marathon I Daily Answer Writing I September 27th, 2023