9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief – May 10th, 2023
We have initiated some changes in the 9 PM Brief and other postings related to current affairs. What we sought to do:
- Ensure that all relevant facts, data, and arguments from today’s newspaper are readily available to you.
- We have widened the sources to provide you with content that is more than enough and adds value not just for GS but also for essay writing. Hence, the 9 PM brief now covers the following newspapers:
- The Hindu
- Indian Express
- Business Standard
- Times of India
- Down To Earth
- We have also introduced the relevance part to every article. This ensures that you know why a particular article is important.
- Since these changes are new, so initially the number of articles might increase, but they’ll go down over time.
- It is our endeavor to provide you with the best content and your feedback is essential for the same. We will be anticipating your feedback and ensure the blog serves as an optimal medium of learning for all the aspirants.
- For previous editions of 9 PM Brief – Click Here
- For individual articles of 9 PM Brief– Click Here
Mains Oriented Articles
GS Paper 2
- A question from Manipur: Who is an ST?
- Securing the migrant vote
- How strategic convergence between US, UAE, Saudi Arabia and India can help Delhi
- Jailhouse Shock – Tihar won’t change unless some authority is made directly responsible for running it
- Green crosshairs – A multi-pronged counter is warranted to tackle the EU’s carbon tax plans
GS Paper 3
Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)
- Some key takeaways from the Petersberg Climate Dialogue
- Most Asia-Pacific countries ill-prepared for natural disasters: ESCAP
- Haifa Port: Arab trains to carry Indian goods to Israeli port: Cohen
- India among top 5 countries where babies born too soon: study
- NCGG started 3 capacity building programmes for the civil servants of Maldives & Bangladesh
- Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMJJBY), Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMSBY) and Atal Pension Yojana (APY) complete 8 years of providing social security cover
- Indian scientist-led team witnesses star engulfing Jupiter-sized planet
- Why question of ED chief’s tenure is back in Supreme Court
Mains Oriented Articles
GS Paper 2
A question from Manipur: Who is an ST?
Source– The post is based on the article “A question from Manipur: Who is an ST?” published in “The Indian Express” on 10th May 2023.
Syllabus: GS2- Polity
Relevance– Identity politics
News– Rcenetly, there were voilent protest in Manipur over demand for affirmative action by the state’s Meitei community.
What are issues regarding ST status in India?
The stakes of reservation or affirmative action have become higher amid economic liberalisation and neoliberal reform.
Many marginalised groups not recognised as STs observe as their ST neighbours reap the advantage of affirmative action benefits. Such disparities can spark inter-community tensions and conflicts.
ST status has become a contentious issue. There are about 720 recognised STs in the country today. At least a thousand more groups are vying for recognition as STs.
These are symptoms of a crisis in India’s over-burdened, out-of-date reservation system.
There have been important policy documents that have made the same point.
The 2006 draft “The National Tribal Policy for the Scheduled Tribes of India” observed that, there is an increasing clamour from many communities to get included as ST. Adding new communities to the list reduces the benefits to existing STs. Therefore, it should be done, only if there is no room for doubt.
The draft pointed to the problematical nature of the official criteria for defining STs laid out by the B N Lokur Committee in 1965. These criteria are hardly relevant today. Other more accurate criteria need to be fixed. But, it may not be easy.
Justice Jasraj Chopra committee was appointed in 2007 by the Rajasthan government to examine the Gujjars’ demand for ST status.
As per the committee, a national debate should be initiated on the existing norms for according ST status to any community. Certain criteria should be abrogated as they had become outdated.
What are issues related to Assam’s Adivasi community seeking ST status?
It raises profound questions about our system of reservation. In Northeast India, unlike in the rest of the country, the word Adivasi, is not used as an equivalent for ST.
The only major group of people that call themselves Adivasi are not officially recognised as ST. They are the descendants of tea workers brought as indentured workers to Assam.
The region’s established STs don’t self-identify as Adivasi because of the “backwardness” associated with the term. They prefer the English words tribe or tribal for self-identification.
The census of 1891 classified tea workers simply as labourers. But the term Adivasi has a special appeal to their descendants because its original use was by tribal leaders of Jharkhand. They regard the place as their original home.
People who have spent years in tea plantations cannot be expected to retain their primitive traits and distinctive culture that marked their ancestors in other states.
They realy warrants some relaxation in the criteria. They are descendants of those having ST recognition in their places of origin.
If the Adivasis are among Northeast India’s most deprived people today, it is the result of the precedence accorded to indigeneity over citizenship and successful cultural adaptation into local societies.
Securing the migrant vote
Source– The post is based on the article “Securing the migrant vote” published in “The Hindu” on 10th May 2023.
Syllabus: GS2- Salient Features of the Representation of People’s Act
Relevance– Voting issues related to migrants
News– Lokniti-Centre for the Study of Developing Societies conducted a study between April 28 and May 1 among the migrant voters of Bengaluru to find out their voting patterns.
What were the main findings of the study in the localities of migrant workers from north and north-east ?
Nearly 99% of them were not registered as voters in Karnataka. Most of these workers who live in houses near power mills or in makeshift arrangements near construction sites continued to retain their names on the voter lists of their home constituencies.
Some of them were not able to adequately exercise their political voting rights due to geographical constraints. They found it difficult to travel home for every election.
There were fewer than 5% of migrants whose families were living with them. They were concerned that their localities were not safe for women.
There was little awareness among the migrant workers about the ECI’s proposal to introduce RVMs. 80% of them supported the proposal when they were told about it. They were happy that RVMs would enable them to vote there.
Less than 10% expressed their apprehensions about this mode of voting. Many voiced their concerns and anxieties about the system’s accuracy.
Despite the difficulties involved in casting their vote, the respondents greatly valued their voting rights. They said it was their duty and responsibility to vote as citizens of the country. They also said that voting is important in a democracy.
The migrants said none of them had ever received money or goods or services from any candidates or parties in exchange for their vote. They said they travelled back to their home States without any support or expectations.
The study also indicated the involuntary choices that migrant workers have to make in order to maintain a minimum standard of living.
Many of the migrant workers from Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Assam, said low and irregular wages and lack of opportunities in their home States were reasons for their migration without their families.
They were happy to move to their home States if they were offered comparatively lower pay. The most popular reason for this was to be closer to home and to their families and fewer expenses.
Migrant workers are often apprehensive about registering themselves as voters in any other State apart from their home State. This is due to various reasons such as frequent changes in residence, fear of losing property in their home State.
What is the scenario of the use of Remote Voting Machines by migrants?
The Election Commission of India has proposed it. It seeks to extend voting facilities to such migrant workers who find it difficult to travel to their native place to vote.
Some political parties objected to RVMs. As per them, ECI has not responded to pending complaints and questions about the trustworthiness of Electronic Voting Machines.
RVM initiative is much-needed, but it requires an additional push. It needs more thought and greater transparency.
How strategic convergence between US, UAE, Saudi Arabia and India can help Delhi
Source– The post is based on the article “How strategic convergence between US, UAE, Saudi Arabia and India can help Delhi” published in “The Indian Express” on 10th May 2023.
Syllabus: GS2- International relations
Relevance– Changing dynamics in the middle east
News- The recent meeting in Riyadh between Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and the national security advisers of the US, UAE, and India underlines the growing strategic convergence between Delhi and Washington in the Gulf.
What is the new foreign approach of India towards the Middle east?
It is a major departure from the traditional approaches to the Middle East. India followed the principles of the Nehruvian foreign policy. It proposed that Delhi must either oppose Washington or keep its distance from it in the Middle East.
The approach was broken with the formation of a four-nation grouping called I2U2 that brought the US, India, Israel, and the UAE together.
Modi’s foreign policy rejected the notion that Delhi can’t be visibly friendly to Israel. He also transformed India’s uneasy relations with Saudi Arabia and the UAE, into solid strategic partnerships.
Delhi is interested in a new quadrilateral with the US, UAE, and Saudi Arabia.
The US is not the only Western power that India is beginning to work with in the Gulf. France has emerged as an important partner in the Gulf and the Western Indian Ocean. India now has a trilateral dialogue with Abu Dhabi and Paris.
What are some facts about Pakistan’s role in Middle East affairs?
As India withdrew from its historic geopolitical role in the Middle East, Pakistan became the lynchpin of the Anglo-American strategy in the Gulf.
Pakistan was a key part of the Baghdad Pact created in 1955 along with Britain, Iraq, Iran, and Turkey to counter the Communist threat to the region.
After Iraq pulled out in 1958, the pact became the Central Treaty Organisation and moved to Ankara. The regional members of CENTO formed a forum on Regional Cooperation for Development (RCD) in 1964.
CENTO was dissolved in 1979, and the RCD morphed into Economic Cooperation Organisation in 1985.
Pakistan’s continuing strategic decline makes it less relevant to the changing geopolitics of the Gulf. Pakistan in the 1950s was widely viewed as a moderate Muslim nation with significant prospects for economic growth.
Now, it is facing the challenges of violent religious extremism and a weak economy.
Pakistan has drifted too close to China. Islamabad is tempted to align with China and Russia in the region. Former Prime Minister Imran Khan’s rush to Moscow when Russian President Vladimir Putin was about to invade Ukraine.
How has the US changed its approach to the Middle east?
The US is discarding its pro-Pakistan bias in thinking about the relationship between the Subcontinent and the Gulf.
The US will not abandon the Middle East. But it is recalibrating its regional strategy. US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan has highlighted several elements of the new US approach. One was about building new partnerships, including with Delhi.
The other was about the integration of the Arabian Peninsula into India and the world. It will focus on I2U2 and new regional coalitions.
What is the current geopolitical dynamics of the Middle east?
Beijing is now the second most important power in the world. Its diplomatic and political influence in the region will continue to rise. Yet, Beijing is nowhere near displacing Washington as the principal external actor in the Gulf.
The Anglo-Saxon powers have no desire to cede the Gulf to Beijing.
There are rising powers in the Arabian Peninsula, especially Saudi Arabia and the UAE. The Gulf kingdoms have accumulated massive financial capital and are undergoing ambitious economic transformation.
They have also begun to diversify their strategic partnerships, develop nationalism rather than religion as the political foundation for their states. They are promoting religious tolerance at home, and initiating social reform.
What are the options for Indian strategic establishment in the Middle east?
Emerging Arabia opens enormous new possibilities for India’s economic growth. It enhances the scope of Delhi’s productive involvement in promoting connectivity and security within Arabia and between it and the regions including Africa, the Middle East, Eastern Mediterranean.
The engagement should also help India overcome the forces of violent religious extremism within the Subcontinent.
India should go for modernisation of Delhi’s strategic discourse on the Gulf and a conscious effort to change the outdated popular narratives on the Arabian Peninsula.
Jailhouse Shock – Tihar won’t change unless some authority is made directly responsible for running it
Source: The post is based on the article “Jailhouse Shock – Tihar won’t change unless some authority is made directly responsible for running it” published in The Times of India on 10th May 2023.
Syllabus: GS 2 – Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of vulnerable sections.
Relevance: About managing Tihar Jail.
News: Recently, a gangster has been murdered in his prison cell in Tihar jail.
About the present incident in Tihar and Delhi High Court’s observation
No prison guard apparently saw the assailants as they reached their victim, nor were any present at the victim’s cell. Another CCTV clip shows police standing by as a second attack began.
This murder came weeks after the death of another gangster in a gang war inside Tihar. The Delhi high court said that the incident was ‘Totally unacceptable’.
About the previous court observations on Tihar jail and its authorities
The Supreme Court in the past has pulled up Tihar authorities for collusion with inmates in flouting the jail manual and obfuscating investigation. Courts have criticised GoI and the Delhi government for “passing the buck” on security at the jail.
The present one should prompt all stakeholders to revisit the multiplicity of authority.
|Read more: Tihar jail to get AI-powered surveillance system|
What are the challenges in managing Tihar Jail?
-Prisons are a state subject. Tihar is run by the Delhi government. But, the DG (Prisons) is an officer on deputation from Delhi police, which reports to the government of India.
-Delhi police are in charge of custodial duties while patrolling, perimeter security, search etc are undertaken by Tamil Nadu Special Police, ITBP and CRPF.
Tihar is a place where some of India’s most dangerous criminals reside and are in great danger. So, until some authority is made directly responsible for running it the condition won’t change.
Green crosshairs – A multi-pronged counter is warranted to tackle the EU’s carbon tax plans
Source: The post is based on the article “Green crosshairs – A multi-pronged counter is warranted to tackle the EU’s carbon tax plans” published in The Hindu on 10th May 2023.
Syllabus: GS 2 – Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests.
Relevance: About Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism of EU.
News: The European Union (EU) proposes to introduce a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) in the upcoming October. The carbon levies are estimated to be in the range from 19.8% to 52.7
What is Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) and Why it is a cause of worry for India?
According to EU, the CBAM will ensure its climate objectives are not undermined by carbon-intensive imports and spur cleaner production in the rest of the world.
|Must read: EU’s carbon border tax – Explained, pointwise|
Last year, about a third of India’s iron, steel and aluminium exports were shipped to EU members. Engineering products are the largest export growth driver in recent years. So, the CBAM will impact Indian exports to Europe.
What are India’s options against the CBAM?
The Centre view the tax as a sophisticated trade barrier put out within ‘greenwashing’ optics.
-The EU believes the carbon tax is compatible with World Trade Organization norms, but India is looking to challenge that.
-India may also flag the incompatibility with the UN’s climate change framework which moots common but differentiated responsibilities for developed and developing nations.
-A threat of retaliatory tariffs on EU imports might also be feasible.
|Read more: Exporting into a world with carbon tax|
What India should do against the CBAM?
India at present is planning to quantify the various carbon taxes levied in India. Many of the poorer countries rely more heavily on mineral resources than India does.
Having positioned itself as the voice of the global South, the current president of G20, India should explore all the options against the CBAM and also alarm other nations about the EU’s carbon tax framework.
GS Paper 3
Minimising the threat from IEDs
Source– The post is based on the article “Minimising the threat from IEDs” published in the “The Hindu” on 10th May 2023.
Syllabus: GS3- Security
Relevance– Issues related to Maoism
News– On April 26, an IED killed 10 security personnel of the District Reserve Guard in Chhattisgarh’s Dantewada area. The jawans were out on an anti-Maoist mission when they were ambushed.
What is the way forward to overcome the threats of use of IEDs by Maoists?
Avoid travel by vehicle– The safest mode of travel is on foot in a region where left-wing extremism is active. Studies show that over 60% of casualties in Maoist territories are because of vehicles ambushed in landmines/IEDs.
Routine operations like area domination, cordon-and-search, long range patrolling, ambush-cum-patrolling should only be undertaken on foot. Vehicle travel should be undertaken rarely. It should be only for urgent operational reasons.
If vehicle travel is absolutely essential, the onward and return journeys should never be by the same route.
To avoid the risk of civilian casualties, Maoists do not trigger IEDs during night time. Hence, night travel by vehicles is relatively safe for security forces.
Use of armoured vehicles and protective gear– In certain war zones, vehicular deployment is inevitable. Security forces working in such areas should be equipped with appropriate protective gear, such as blast-resistant clothing, helmets, and eye protection.
Their vehicles should also be equipped with V-shaped and armour-plated hull, blast-resistant technology and proper sandbagging to minimise damage in the event of an explosion.
Machine guns and other weapons should be mounted on top of the vehicles with outward facing rotatory seats, from where the men can have a 360-degree observation outside.
Security forces should always travel in a convoy of minimum two to three vehicles. They should maintain a distance of at least 40 to 50 metres between them.
Safe travelling– There is a need for rigorous and regular implementation of various detection methods. It includes metal detectors, ground-penetrating radar, and trained sniffer dogs, to locate and clear IEDs.
Areas known or suspected to contain landmines or IEDs can be mapped and contingency plans prepared for them. This includes establishing safe routes, setting up checkpoints, and creating evacuation plans as part of both preventive and mitigation measures.
Intelligence– It is important to gather actionable intelligence. But, due to risks of reprisals by terrorists, locals usually do not provide information for money alone.
Relationships have to be cultivated and goodwill generated among the local population on a long-term basis. It should be beyond transactional levels. This requires patience, commitment, empathy and integrity on the part of security forces.
Investigation– There is simply no substitute for good routine investigation of IED ambushes. An IED ambush is not an insular, standalone event. There is a whole ecosystem behind it. It includes financiers, suppliers, transporters, builders and triggermen.
Diligent and scientific investigation, establishment of linkages through collection of evidence, framing of chargesheets, followed by speedy trials and conviction, serve as a strong deterrent to terrorism.
Other measures– These include collaboration with international organisations, NGOs, and other countries to share information, resources, and best practices for landmine and IED prevention, detection, and clearance.
There is a need for implementation and enforcement of national and international laws, policies, and regulations aimed at preventing the use, production, and trade of landmines and IEDs.
Legislative measures are required for mandatory addition of chemicals and biosensors to explosives used in industry and mining for their easy detection during transport.
Legislative measures are required for stricter controls on manufacture, supply and sale of explosives and detonators. Other countries have taken several counter-IED measures. The U.S has set up the Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organisation to prevent, identify and defeat IEDs.
There is a need to create an overarching agency under the Ministry of Home Affairs to coordinate the efforts of both the Government of India and the State governments. It can provide legislative, technological and procedural support to law enforcement agencies.
What a total ban on diesel vehicles could mean in India
Source: The post is based on an article “What a total ban on diesel vehicles could mean in India” published in The Indian Express on 10th May 2023.
Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment
Relevance: concerns over banning diesel-powered four-wheel vehicles
News: The Energy Transition Advisory Committee formed by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has recommended a ban on the use of diesel-powered four-wheel vehicles by 2027 in cities with a population of more than 1 million.
It recommended shifting towards electric and gas-fuelled vehicles along with city transport consisting a mix of Metro trains and electric buses by 2030.
Why has the panel come up with such a proposal?
The panel’s recommendation is along the lines of the government’s aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and to produce 40% of its electricity from renewables as part of 2070 net zero goal.
Diesel currently accounts for about 40% of India’s petroleum products consumption. Therefore, the proposed ban will be significant in achieving the desired government’s aim.
What are the issues with the proposal?
Around 87% of diesel fuel sales are in the transport segment, with trucks and buses accounting for about 68%.
Therefore, difficulties in implementing a total ban are – (a) Carmakers and oil firms have invested greatly in shifting to BS-VI, and all of those investments might be lost if a complete ban is enacted and (b) a total ban would cause serious disruptions in the commercial vehicles segment, where diesel penetration is very high and alternative fuels options such as EV, CNG, and LNG are still being explored.
Note: Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Haryana account for almost 40% of the diesel sold in India.
What actions have diesel vehicle manufacturers taken?
Maruti Suzuki, the nation’s largest producer of passenger cars, discontinued producing diesel cars from April 1, 2020.
Since 2020, most carmakers have discontinued diesel car manufacturing. As a result, the contribution of passenger vehicles to overall diesel vehicle demand has fallen to 16.5%, compared to 28.5% in 2013.
Why do people prefer diesel vehicles?
People prefer diesel vehicles because – a) diesel vehicles use less fuel per km, b) there are lesser chances of diesel vehicles to stall, and c) lower cost of the diesel compared to petrol.
However, the price of the diesel increased after 2014. Due to which, sales of diesel vehicles have fallen. Diesel cars accounted for less than 20% of overall passenger vehicle sales in 2021-22.
Why are carmakers moving away from diesel engines and what are the drawbacks of diesel engines?
The major drawback of diesel engines over petrol is that diesel engines have a higher compression ratio. This causes increase in emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx), leading to pollution.
Moreover, carmakers have turned away from diesel engine cars because the new BS-VI emission norms involve a high cost of upgrading diesel engines to meet the new standard, unlike petrol engines cars.
What lies ahead?
Steps have been taken to reduce emission from the diesel such as – a) standards under BS-VI have necessitated oil refineries to reduce the level of sulphur in diesel and b) the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has developed a standard for diesel containing 7% biodiesel.
Therefore, looking at the current demand of diesel in the market, the government should concentrate on phasing-out diesel rather than completely banning diesel vehicles.
Controversial calls on predatory pricing
Source: The post is based on an article “Controversial calls on predatory pricing” published in Business Standard on 10th May 2023.
Syllabus: GS 3 – Industrial Policy, Infrastructure
Relevance: problems with predatory pricing
News: The article discusses concerns over predatory pricing by telecom operators.
What is the issue?
In the last month, Bharti Airtel alleged that Reliance Jio was indulging in predatory pricing. The allegation was that Jio was offering live TV channels as part of its bundled broadband plan.
However, Jio in a complaint to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) called Airtel’s allegation baseless.
Further, Vodafone Idea accused both Reliance Jio and Bharti Airtel of predatory pricing in their 5G data offering. However, both Jio and Airtel have denied such allegations.
Like these, there are multiple instances where one telecom operator has put charges against the other for involving in predatory pricing.
How has TRAI responded?
TRAI is keeping a closer look over telcos offering unlimited 5G data and it may lay down some rules on unlimited data.
However, the regulator would not take actions that disrupt India’s 5G growth due to various political reasons and due to India’s G20 presidency this year.
What are the concerns over predatory pricing?
Predatory pricing was a major issue a few years back when Reliance Jio entered the market with its disruptive tariff plans. Its plan resulted in decreased subscriber base of other telcos, leading to losses.
Airtel put allegation against Reliance Jio over predatory pricing back in 2017. However, its allegation was rejected by the Competition Commission of India (CCI).
CCI said that Reliance Jio is not a dominant player in the market and therefore, its plans do not involve the question of predatory pricing.
Moreover, today both Jio and Airtel are dominant players and both of them provide services like unlimited 5G data, live TV, etc., which may be a case of predatory pricing.
However, as per experts, offering extras such as live TV, more data or unlimited data cannot be categorised under predatory pricing.
Moreover, other than predatory pricing issue, concern remain over its regulation.
What are the regulatory issues over predatory pricing?
The Supreme Court in the Bharti Airtel vs CCI in 2018 authorized TRAI as the regulator to settle any case on predatory pricing in telecom. However, the Telecom Bill, which is expected soon, will bring greater clarity on the matter.
Moreover, any issue concerning predatory pricing should be first taken up by the TRAI and then any party can go to CCI for a follow-up.
However, an expert panel in 2012, has recommended mandatory consultation between CCI and the regulator concerned to arrive at a harmonious solution over the issues concerning predatory prices.
Therefore, a Telecom Bill that clarifies the regulating authority over predatory pricing is urgently needed.
Must Read: Draft Telecommunication Bill, 2022 – Explained
Source: Business Standard
India’s stumble on rupee trading holds a lesson on globalization
Source: The post is based on the article “India’s stumble on rupee trading holds a lesson on globalization” published in the Livemint on 10th May 2023.
Syllabus: GS 3 – Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
Relevance: About the trade settlements in Rupee.
News: As China, India, and Russia trying to trade using partner currencies for payment instead of the U.S. dollar. Many Russian banks have opened Special Rupee Vostro Accounts (SRVA) with partner banks in India. Russia has said that it had “accumulated billions of rupees in accounts in Indian banks” and to use this money “the rupees need to be transferred to another currency.”
What is de-dollarisation, what are the global efforts towards the De-dollarisation of trade, and How is India pursuing the de-dollarisation of trade?
|Must read: De-dollarisation of trade: Opportunities and challenges – Explained, pointwise|
How dominant is US Dollar in global trade?
|Read here: The de-dollarisation debate|
About Special Rupee Vostro Accounts
|Read here: Explained | Vostro Accounts and how they facilitate trade|
Why are millions of rupees lying unused with Russia?
In 2022-23, Russia was India’s fourth largest import partner, with a total of $46.5 billion worth of goods imports. Among that, Petroleum and petroleum products alone comprise almost 2/3rd of the imports. Coal and fertilizers were the other major imports.
That same year, Russia was India’s 36th largest export destination with total exports of $3.2 billion. So, Russia ran a $43.3 billion trade surplus, meaning that India had much more to buy from Russia than vice versa.
Further, other countries are unlikely to accept Indian rupees from Russia for payment of purchase, simply because they have limited purchase options with India.
So, Russia is not comfortable holding rupees and wants to be paid in Dollars, Chinese yuan or other currencies.
Note: In 2021, total global exports (goods and services) stood at $27.9 trillion, whereas India’s exports stood only at 2.4% of global exports.
Why Russia wants to hold further trade with India in dollars?
If the trade was held in dollars, then Russia has the options like a) Use the surplus dollars in other countries, b) The dollars could be converted quickly into another currency like the euro and be used to pay for Russian purchases, c) The dollars could be invested in dollar assets like US Treasury bonds to earn a rate of return.
|Read More: Trade Settlement in Rupee – Explained, pointwise|
What India needs to do to ensure successful trade settlements in Rupee?
The structure of the global economy makes it very difficult to carry out any significant amount of international trade without invoicing in dollars. Further, the rupee accounts for just 1.6% of global foreign exchange transactions.
The Russian example shows that India needs to export more so that other countries can use rupees to buy stuff from India.
Stressing stability – Indian policymakers must remain vigilant
Source: The post is based on the article “Stressing stability – Indian policymakers must remain vigilant” published in The Hindu on 10th May 2023.
Syllabus: GS 3 – Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
Relevance: About Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism of EU.
News: The Financial Stability and Development Council, headed by Union Finance Minister deliberated the need for having more early stress indicators to enable regulators to identify potential problems and deal with them in time.
What are the various macroeconomic risks that necessitated the need for early stress indicators?
a) There are several interrelated risks emanating from the global economy. The increased global economic and financial interdependence has increased risks. Though this interconnectedness has merits, emerging market countries like India should build safety margins to limit the downside risks.
b) Ongoing trouble in the US banking system: Three out of the four biggest bank failures in the US have happened over the past two months. A sharp increase in interest rates by the US Federal Reserve has led to large losses in the investment portfolio of banks. As a result, handling the pressure of deposit withdrawal is becoming difficult for some banks.
Though they may not pose an immediate threat to financial stability, policymakers would do well if they remain prepared.
c) Impact of the US banking system on Indian IT firms: The banking and financial services sector is a major source of revenue for Indian technology firms. So, their impact can directly affect the functioning of Indian IT firms.
d) High budget deficit in several advanced economies: The fiscal deficit is expected to average over 6% of gross domestic product (GDP) over the next decade. This will be significantly higher than the average of about 3.5% of GDP witnessed in recent decades and will have implications for the global financial markets.
e) US Fed and other central bank’s policies: A structurally higher deficit in the US would mean the Fed might maintain higher interest rates for a longer period. The higher demand for savings by the US and other governments in the developed world would limit the amount of funds flowing to emerging market countries.
f) Volatility in currency markets: Sustained higher budget deficits and higher interest rates could also increase volatility in currency markets.
Since India has no control over the things that unfold in advanced economies, it is required to identify early stress indicators.
Overall, from the Indian government’s side, the government should bring down the fiscal deficit at the earliest. This will help reduce dependence on foreign capital and improve macroeconomic stability.
Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)
Some key takeaways from the Petersberg Climate Dialogue
Source: The post is based on the article “Some key takeaways from the Petersberg Climate Dialogue” published in Down To Earth on 10th May 2023
What is the News?
The Petersberg Dialogue on Climate Change was held in Berlin, Germany. It was hosted by Germany and the United Arab Emirates, which is hosting the 28th Conference of Parties (COP28) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
What is the Petersberg Climate Dialogue?
The Petersberg Climate Dialogue is an annual high-level political and international forum held before the United Nations Climate Change Conferences(COP).
It was initiated in 2010 by former German Chancellor Angela Merkel following the nearly unsuccessful negotiations at the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen (COP15).
Its central goal is to strengthen trust both in multilateral climate negotiations and between states.
The focus this year included topics such as climate adaptation, climate finance and dealing with loss and damage, but in particular the first-ever global stocktake.
What are the key takeaways from the Petersberg Climate Dialogue?
Clean up economies: The UN Secretary-General emphasized the need for cleaning up our economies — breaking the world’s fossil fuel addiction and driving decarbonisation in every sector to achieve a 1.5 degree global warming pathway.
– He also reiterated his earlier call for an Acceleration Agenda, where all countries hit fast-forward on their Net Zero deadlines.
– The Agenda calls for coal phaseout by 2030 in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, and by 2040 in all others, as well as achieving Net Zero electricity generation and decarbonising major sectors.
Renewable Energy: COP28 President called on meeting participants to ramp up renewable energy capacity building.
– He called for a tripling of renewable energy capacity by 2030 followed by a doubling in 2040, but his address focused on reducing fossil fuel ‘emissions.
$100 billion climate finance: Developed countries are “on good track” to deliver the $100 billion per year they had promised to mobilize by 2020 during the COP15 in 2009.
– However, recent estimates peg climate finance needs at $1 trillion per year by 2030 for emerging markets alone.
– This means that climate finance needs are more than 10 times the amount that developed countries have been able to mobilize, 14 years after committing to the $100 billion figure.
Global Stocktake: 2023 is the year for the Global Stocktake, which is essentially a periodic review of global climate action which aims to assess whether current efforts will enable us to reach the objectives set out in the Paris Agreement.
Most Asia-Pacific countries ill-prepared for natural disasters: ESCAP
Source: The post is based on the article “Most Asia-Pacific countries ill-prepared for natural disasters: ESCAP” published in Down To Earth on 10th May 2023
What is the News?
According to a new study by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), most countries in Asia and the Pacific are inadequately prepared to manage the rising challenges of extreme weather events and natural disasters.
What are the key highlights from the UNESCAP report on the Asia Pacific region?
The Asia-Pacific region accounts for more than half of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.
It is one of the most rapidly developing regions of the world, with a significant proportion of the global population.
Over the past 60 years, temperatures in the region have increased faster than the global mean.
Extreme, unpredictable weather events and natural hazards have become more frequent and intense Tropical cyclones, heatwaves, floods and droughts have brought immense loss of life and displacement, damaging people’s health and pushing millions into poverty.
Of the 10 countries most affected by these disasters, six are in the region.
The costs of climate change are also too high. The annual average losses from natural and biological hazards in Asia and the Pacific are approximately $780 billion.
What are the challenges faced by the Asia Pacific region in tackling Climate Change?
The region is also home to most of the world’s low-lying cities and vulnerable small island states.
Countries in the region also lack the necessary data as well as means to support adaptation and mitigation efforts.
Hence, in the absence of decisive action, climate change will remain a leading cause of poverty and inequality across the region.
What are the steps recommended by UNESCAP?
The report enlisted the changes required to close the emissions gap in three key sectors:
Energy: Some 85% of the region’s primary energy supply came from fossil fuels in 2020.
– There is a need for rapid uptake of renewable energy. But this requires restructuring national energy systems, new technical capacities and significant investment in supply and infrastructure.
– The report stresses cross-border electricity grids to increase the share of renewable energy.
Transport: The transport sector, primarily powered by oil, should be shifted to a low-carbon pathway.
– This can be achieved by reducing transport distance through integrated land use, planning, shifting to sustainable transport modes with low-carbon or net-zero-carbon emissions, as well as improving vehicle and fuel efficiency.
Integrate climate considerations into regional trade agreements: Trade must be climate-smart — 85% of the regional trade agreements signed since 2005 to which at least one Asia-Pacific economy is party contained climate-related provisions.
– The private sector must be encouraged to work towards a low-carbon pathway and sustainability should be ingrained into business operations.
Haifa Port: Arab trains to carry Indian goods to Israeli port: Cohen
Source: The post is based on the article “Arab trains to carry Indian goods to Israeli port: Cohen” published in The Hindu on 10th May 2023
What is the News?
Israel Foreign Minister announced that Arab train networks in future would be carrying Indian goods to the Haifa port in Israel.
Where is Haifa Port?
The Haifa Port is located in northern Israel, adjacent to the city of Haifa along the Mediterranean Sea.
It has a natural deep-water harbour, which operates all year long.
The port was officially opened in 1933. It is the second-largest port in Israel in terms of shipping containers and the biggest in shipping tourist cruise ships.
The port houses the Carmel Terminal (the largest and most advanced container terminal in Israel), The East Terminal (the longest container terminal in Israel), The Chemicals Terminal (the only terminal in Israel for transportation and storage of chemicals) and much more.
Recently, the Adani Group-led consortium completed the acquisition of Haifa Port Company from the government of Israel.
India among top 5 countries where babies born too soon: study
Source: The post is based on the article “India among top 5 countries where babies born too soon: study” published in Indian Express on 10th May 2023
What is the News?
WHO and United Nations Children’s Fund and Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH) have released a report titled “Born too Soon: Decade of Action on Pre-term Birth”.
What are the key findings of the report?
An estimated 13.4 million babies were born pre-term in 2020, with nearly a million dying from pre-term complications. This is equivalent to around one in 10 babies. This indicates a “silent emergency” for children’s survival and health.
– Note: Preterm births occur earlier than 37 weeks of an expected 40-week full-term pregnancy.
Almost half of all pre-term births in 2020 happened in five countries — India, Pakistan, Nigeria, China and Ethiopia.
In 2020, Bangladesh had the highest estimated pre-term birth rate (16.2 per cent), followed by Malawi (14.5 per cent) and Pakistan (14.4 per cent).
The total pre-term birth numbers for the five countries are alarming as India tops the list with 30.16 lakh births.
– Note: A report published in 2022 in PloS-Global Public Health showed that West Bengal reported 16% of such preterm births, Tamil Nadu 14% and Gujarat 9%.
What are the leading causes of pre-term births?
The report found gaping inequalities related to race, ethnicity, income, and access to quality care, determine the likelihood of preterm birth, death, and disability, even in high-income countries.
Other factors are also making an impact such as air pollution is estimated to contribute to six million preterm births each year.
At the same time, nearly one in 10 preterm babies are born in the 10 most fragile countries affected by humanitarian crises.
What are the recommendations given by the report?
The report has called for a set of actions to save lives such as: boosting investments in newborn health, accelerating the implementation of national policies, integrating efforts across sectors, and supporting locally led innovation and research to support improvements in quality of care and equity in access.
Progress must also advance in prevention, which means every woman must be able to access quality health services before and during pregnancy to identify and manage risks.
NCGG started 3 capacity building programmes for the civil servants of Maldives & Bangladesh
Source: The post is based on the article “NCGG started 3 capacity building programmes for the civil servants of Maldives & Bangladesh” published in PIB on 9th May 2023
What is the News?
The National Centre for Good Governance(NCGG) has started three capacity-building programmes (CBPs) for the civil servants of Bangladesh and the Maldives.
What is the National Centre for Good Governance(NCGG)?
The National Centre for Good Governance(NCGG) was set up in 2014 by the Government of India as an apex–level autonomous institution under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
Origin: The Centre traces its origin to the National Institute of Administrative Research (NIAR), which was set up in 1995 by the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA).NIAR was subsequently rechristened and subsumed into NCGG.
Mandate: The Centre is mandated to work in the areas of governance, policy reforms, capacity building and training of civil servants and technocrats of India and other developing countries. It also works as a think tank.
Governing Body: The affairs of the NCGG are managed under the overall superintendence and direction of the Governing Body, which is headed by the Cabinet Secretary.
– It has Secretaries of 9 ministries/ departments and 5 eminent persons viz. academicians, eminent administrators, specialists, eminent innovators, and heads of reputed institutions as members.
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMJJBY), Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMSBY) and Atal Pension Yojana (APY) complete 8 years of providing social security cover
Source: The post is based on the article “Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMJJBY), Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMSBY) and Atal Pension Yojana (APY) complete 8 years of providing social security cover” published in PIB on 9th May 2023
What is the News?
The Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY), Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) and Atal Pension Yojana (APY) has completed 8 years of providing social security cover.
What are the three social security schemes?
Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY): It is a one-year life insurance scheme renewable from year to year offering coverage for death due to any reason.
– Eligibility: Persons in the age group of 18-50 years having an individual bank or a post office account are entitled to enrol under the scheme.
– People who join the scheme before completing 50 years of age can continue to have the risk of life cover up to the age of 55 years upon payment of regular premium.
– Benefits: Life cover of Rs. 2 Lakh in case of death due to any reason against a premium of Rs. 436/- per annum.
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY): It is a one-year accidental insurance scheme renewable from year to year offering coverage for death or disability due to accident.
– Eligibility: Persons in the age group of 18-70 years having an individual bank or a post office account are entitled to enrol under the scheme.
– Benefits: Accidental death cum disability cover of Rs.2 lakh (Rs.1 lakh in case of partial disability) for death or disability due to an accident against a premium of Rs.20/- per annum.
Atal Pension Yojana(APY): It was launched to create a universal social security system for all Indians, especially the poor, the under-privileged and the workers in the unorganized sector.
– Administered by: APY is administered by Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) under the overall administrative and institutional architecture of the National Pension System (NPS).
– Eligibility: APY is open to all bank account holders in the age group of 18 to 40 years who are not income taxpayers and the contributions differ, based on the pension amount chosen.
– Benefits: Subscribers would receive the guaranteed minimum monthly pension of Rs. 1000 or Rs. 2000 or Rs. 3000 or Rs. 4000 or Rs. 5000 after the age of 60 years, based on the contributions made by the subscriber after joining the scheme.
– Disbursement of the Scheme Benefits: The monthly pension is available to the subscriber, and after him to his spouse and after their death, the pension corpus would be returned to the nominee of the subscriber.
Contribution by Central Government: The minimum pension would be guaranteed by the Government, i.e., if the accumulated corpus based on contributions earns a lower than estimated return on investment and is inadequate to provide the minimum guaranteed pension, the Central Government would fund such inadequacy.
– Alternatively, if the returns on investment are higher, the subscribers would get enhanced pensionary benefits.
Indian scientist-led team witnesses star engulfing Jupiter-sized planet
Source: The post is based on the article “Indian scientist-led team witnesses star engulfing Jupiter-sized planet” published in Indian Express on 10th May 2023
What is the News?
Scientists have witnessed a bloated star in our own galaxy swallowing a planet. This star has been identified as “ZTF SLRN-2020”.
What is ZTF SLRN-2020?
ZTF SLRN-2020 is a Sun-like star that swallowed a Jupiter-sized planet, causing the star to expel some material into space in an energetic belch.
The star is similar to our sun in size and composition and is located in our Milky Way galaxy about 12,000 light-years from Earth in the direction of the constellation Aquila.
After running out of fuel in its core, the star began to grow in size, shrinking the gap with its neighbouring planet, eventually consuming it entirely.
What is the significance of these findings?
Life cycles of stars have been well studied and understood. Older stars, eventually, ingest the nearby planets (like Mercury and Venus with respect to our Sun), too are scientifically known.
Even Earth could face a similar fate five billion years from today. At the end of its life, the Sun will swell up to a size that will certainly be bigger than the present-day orbit of Earth.
So nominally, the Earth would get engulfed when the Sun runs out of fuel in about 5 billion years.
However, what had never been observed until now was the actual process of a dying star consuming a planet. Now, this has finally happened.
Why question of ED chief’s tenure is back in Supreme Court
Source: The post is based on the article “Why question of ED chief’s tenure is back in Supreme Court” published in Indian Express on 9th May 2023
What is the News?
The Supreme Court has said it might revisit its 2021 ruling that the tenure of a superannuated officer may be extended only in exceptional circumstances.
What is the case about?
The tenure for directors of CBI and ED was two years. In 2020, the Central Government extended the tenure of the ED Director by a year.
This extension was challenged in court. The court in 2021 upheld the Centre’s order extending the tenure beyond two years.
However, the court said that extension of tenure to officers who have attained the age of superannuation should be done only in rare and exceptional cases and that such extensions should be for a short period.
Later in 2021, with the one-year extension of the ED Director coming to an end, then President signed ordinances that amended the laws governing the CBI and ED, enabling the government to keep the two chiefs in their posts for one year after the completion of their two-year terms and to keep giving these one-year extensions until they complete five years as chiefs.
This extension has now been challenged in the Supreme Court on the grounds that it violated the 2021 ruling of the Supreme Court.
What are the observations made by Supreme Court on this case?
The Supreme Court said that it was of the prima facie view that the 2021 ruling had not been rightly decided, and required reconsideration.
The amicus curiae appointed by the Supreme Court argued that the extension of the tenure of the director of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) should be scrapped to preserve democracy.
He claimed that the extensions were invalid as they were longer than the director’s primary tenure and that if this precedent were not set aside, it would be misused by successive governments.
Note: An amicus curiae (friend of the court) is an individual or organization who is not a party to a legal case, but who is permitted to assist a court by offering information, expertise, or insight that has a bearing on the issues in the case.
Union Cabinet approves continuation of Central Sector Scheme of ‘Exploration of Coal and Lignite Scheme’
Source: The post is based on the article “Union Cabinet approves continuation of Central Sector Scheme of ‘Exploration of Coal and Lignite Scheme’” published in the PIB on 7th June 2023 What is the News? The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved the continuation of the Central Sector Scheme of “Exploration of Coal and Lignite scheme” from 2021-22 to… Continue reading Union Cabinet approves continuation of Central Sector Scheme of ‘Exploration of Coal and Lignite Scheme’
This Pride Month, let’s count the wins for queer and trans rights
Source- The post is based on the article “This Pride Month, let’s count the wins for queer and trans rights” published in “The Indian Express” on 8thJune 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Vulnerable sections of the population Relevance- Issues related to LGBT News- Pride Month is here again. The country is waiting for the Supreme Court’s verdict… Continue reading This Pride Month, let’s count the wins for queer and trans rights
The trade landscape is changing structurally to India’s advantage
Source- The post is based on the article “The trade landscape is changing structurally to India’s advantage” published in the “mint” on 8th June 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy Relevance- Issues related to trade News– The article explains the phenomena of increasing exports of India. How rising exports in India reflects structural changes in the… Continue reading The trade landscape is changing structurally to India’s advantage
Deadly billboards – Despite frequent accidents, there is no political will to regulate billboards
Source: The post is based on the article “Deadly billboards – Despite frequent accidents, there is no political will to regulate billboards” published in The Hindu on 8th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Road Safety. Relevance: About billboard accidents in India. News: Giant outdoor billboards are crashing and becoming death traps for many in recent times.… Continue reading Deadly billboards – Despite frequent accidents, there is no political will to regulate billboards
Tackling the human-dog conflict
Source- The post is based on the article “Tackling the human-dog conflict” published in “The Hindu” on 8th June 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Government policies and interventions. GS3- Environment Relevance– Issues related to street dogs News- Over the past few decades, the growing population of street dogs has posed increasing challenges for municipalities and cities across… Continue reading Tackling the human-dog conflict
Express View on OPEC’s new move: Crude cuts
Source: The post is based on an article “Express View on OPEC’s new move: Crude cuts” published in Indian Express on 8th June 2023. Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Effects of policies of developed and developing countries on India’s interest News: OPEC+ countries have decided to further cut crude oil production for 2024. This decision has significant… Continue reading Express View on OPEC’s new move: Crude cuts
Augmenting capacity – on setting up decentralised grain storage facility
Source: The post is based on an article “Augmenting capacity” published in Business Standard on 8th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce News: Rs 1-trillion programme approved by the Union Cabinet in India to create the world’s largest decentralised grain storage capacity in the cooperative sector. The godowns will be… Continue reading Augmenting capacity – on setting up decentralised grain storage facility
India could learn from Thailand how to boost tourism
Source: The post is based on an article “India could learn from Thailand how to boost tourism” published in Live Mint on 8th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Industries and Industrial Policies Context: The article discusses the success of Thailand’s tourism industry and suggests ways India could learn from it to boost its own tourism sector.… Continue reading India could learn from Thailand how to boost tourism
How can we transition to a low-carbon city?
Source: The post is based on an article “How can we transition to a low-carbon city?” published in The Hindu on 8th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment Relevance: Measures needed for transitioning cities worldwide. News: There has been a significant increase in the emission of carbon dioxide in 2020 by the cities worldwide. Transitioning to… Continue reading How can we transition to a low-carbon city?
Nine years of Modi govt: In education, big plans, some key gains
Source: The post is based on the article “Nine years of Modi govt: In education, big plans, some key gains” published in The Indian Express on 8th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Education Relevance: About the achievements and concerns with the education system in India News: The current government in its second term has made significant… Continue reading Nine years of Modi govt: In education, big plans, some key gains
Cities Never Sleep States are allowing more shops to run 24×7. They need to back it with better policing, public transport
Source: The post is based on the article “Cities Never Sleep – States are allowing more shops to run 24×7. They need to back it with better policing, public transport” published in The Times of India on 8th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Relevance: About shops… Continue reading Cities Never Sleep States are allowing more shops to run 24×7. They need to back it with better policing, public transport
Could phage therapy help combat antimicrobial resistance?
Source: The post is based on the article “Could phage therapy help combat antimicrobial resistance?” published in The Economist on 8th June 2023 What is the News? A study conducted by the University of Exeter shows that the public is aware of and accepts the use of bacteria-killing viruses, known as phage therapy, as an alternative to antibiotics. What… Continue reading Could phage therapy help combat antimicrobial resistance?
India-U.S. Strategic Trade Dialogue: India, U.S. review export control regulations
Source: The post is based on the article “India, U.S. review export control regulations’” published in The Hindu on 8th June 2023 What is the News? At the inaugural India-U.S. Strategic Trade Dialogue (IUSSTD), India and the U.S. pledged to streamline their export control regimes for critical technologies. About India-U.S. Strategic Trade Dialogue (IUSSTD) Launched in: The new dialogue… Continue reading India-U.S. Strategic Trade Dialogue: India, U.S. review export control regulations
A Ghostly Tale For World Oceans Day
Source– The post is based on the article “ A Ghostly Tale For World Oceans Day ” published in “The Times of India” on 8th june 2023. Syllabus: GS3 – Environment Pollution Relevance: Issues related to Marine life News- The article highlights the importance of ocean health and conservation of marine life on World Ocean… Continue reading A Ghostly Tale For World Oceans Day
BSNL’s third revival package: Union Cabinet approves allotment of 4G/5G Spectrum to BSNL
Source: The post is based on the article “BSNL’s third revival package: Union Cabinet approves allotment of 4G/5G Spectrum to BSNL” published in the PIB on 7th June 2023 What is the News? As part of the revival strategy, the Union Cabinet has approved BSNL’s third revival package with a total outlay of Rs. 89,047 crores. It includes an allotment of… Continue reading BSNL’s third revival package: Union Cabinet approves allotment of 4G/5G Spectrum to BSNL
Kerala Fibre Optical Network: What is KFON, Kerala’s scheme for internet connectivity for all households
Source: The post is based on the article “What is KFON, Kerala’s scheme for internet connectivity for all households” published in the Indian Express on 8th June 2023 What is the News? The Kerala government officially launched the Kerala Fibre Optical Network (KFON). Through KFON, Kerala became the first state to declare the right to Internet as a basic right. What is… Continue reading Kerala Fibre Optical Network: What is KFON, Kerala’s scheme for internet connectivity for all households
Law Commission’s recommendations on sedition and its relevance – Explained, pointwise
For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The 22nd Law Commission’s recommendations on sedition have recently stirred huge debate. The Commission advocated amendments instead of repeal, the Commission sought to refine the law to ensure alignment with past Supreme Court (SC) judgments and to appropriately calibrate punishments. These recommendations have significant implications as they strive to balance… Continue reading Law Commission’s recommendations on sedition and its relevance – Explained, pointwise
Join us for the GS Foundation 2024 Open Orientation Sessions | 9th June 2023
Dear Friends, We hope you are doing well on your UPSC CSE journey, filled with determination and passion. We are delighted to announce that our GS Foundation 2024 Batch D6 (8:00 AM) and Batch D7 (4:00 PM) are launching on 12th June 2023. This program is designed to provide you with a comprehensive coverage… Continue reading Join us for the GS Foundation 2024 Open Orientation Sessions | 9th June 2023
[Download] Monthly Compilation of 7 PM Editorials May, 2023
Hello everyone. We are posting The Monthly Compilation of 7 pm Editorial for the month of May 2023 Click on the following link to download Download About 7 PM:- The idea behind 7 PM Daily Editorial is to give aspirants in-depth analysis of news articles from different newspapers bearing relevance to Civil Services GS Preparation. To… Continue reading [Download] Monthly Compilation of 7 PM Editorials May, 2023
Ace your UPSC Mains 2023 with ForumIAS Optional Test Series
Dear Friends, All India Test series is the specialty of ForumIAS. Every year thousands of students utilize ForumIAS Test Series to improve their scores. We take the Test Series with utmost seriousness. Our simple, practical, and focused approach will help aspirants understand the demand of the UPSC exam effectively. Our strategy is to… Continue reading Ace your UPSC Mains 2023 with ForumIAS Optional Test Series
Must Read Current Affairs Articles – June 8th, 2023
About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – June 8th, 2023
India-Nepal relations soar high
Source: The post is based on the article “India-Nepal relations soar high” published in the Business Standard on 7th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – India and Neighbourhood relations. Relevance: About India-Nepal relations. News: The recent visit of the Nepali Prime Minister to India has highlighted the ongoing developments in India-Nepal relations. What are the key decisions… Continue reading India-Nepal relations soar high
The Great India Stack Story
Source: The post is based on the article “The Great India Stack Story” published in The Times of India on 7th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Indian Economy – Inclusive Growth Relevance: About digital financial inclusion News: The article explains India’s achievement in digital financial inclusion. How has financial inclusion evolved? The term financial inclusion was… Continue reading The Great India Stack Story
An Expenditure Council could help promote fiscal prudence
Source: The post is based on the article “An Expenditure Council could help promote fiscal prudence” published in Live Mint on 7th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Indian Economy – Issues Related to Mobilization of Resources Relevance: About the need of Expenditure Council News: The government’s efforts to offer freebies may have economic implications. This highlights… Continue reading An Expenditure Council could help promote fiscal prudence
Get, Jet, Go – on India-US agreement to co-produce fighter jets
Source– The post is based on the article “Bonn meeting: Taking stock of climate action” published in the “The Indian Express” on 7th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 2- Bilateral and multilateral agreements involving India News: India and the US have made significant progress in their strategic relations by agreeing to co-produce fighter jet engines. India… Continue reading Get, Jet, Go – on India-US agreement to co-produce fighter jets
Modi and Biden’s New Asia
Source– The post is based on the article “Modi and Biden’s New Asia” published in “The Indian Express” on 7th June 2023. Syllabus: GS2- International relations Relevance- Issues related to changing global dynamics between major powers News– 20th edition of annual Shangri-La Dialogue was concluded in Singapore over the weekend, to capture the shifting strategic… Continue reading Modi and Biden’s New Asia
Bonn meeting: Taking stock of climate action
Source– The post is based on the article “Bonn meeting: Taking stock of climate action” published in the “The Indian Express” on 7th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment – Climate Change News– Negotiators from around the world are currently meeting in the German city of Bonn to discuss ways to strengthen their collective… Continue reading Bonn meeting: Taking stock of climate action
Law Commission’s sedition recommendations: Silencing what’s left of dissent
Source: The post is based on the following articles “Law Commission’s sedition recommendations: Silencing what’s left of dissent” published in the Indian Express on 7th June 2023. “Doubling down on sedition” published in the Business Standard on 7th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of… Continue reading Law Commission’s sedition recommendations: Silencing what’s left of dissent
Seeing India’s energy transition through its States
Source– The post is based on the article “Seeing India’s energy transition through its States” published in “The Hindu” on 7th June 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Energy Relevance- Issues related to energy transition News- In the upcoming G20 forum, India is planning to propose a multiple energy pathways approach to accommodate the diverse contexts and development… Continue reading Seeing India’s energy transition through its States
A global order as technology’s much needed pole star
Source– The post is based on the article “A global order as technology’s much needed pole star” published in “The Hindu” on 7th June 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Polity Relevance– Issues related to impact of technology on global polity News- Since the 2000s, the rapid scale and pace of development of technology have radically transformed our… Continue reading A global order as technology’s much needed pole star
Why is CRS, the body investigating the Odisha rail accident, under the Aviation Ministry
Source: The post is based on the article “Why is CRS, the body investigating the Odisha rail accident, under the Aviation Ministry” published in the Indian Express on 7th June 2023 What is the News? The investigation of the recent train crash in Odisha is being conducted by the Commissioner of Railway Safety for the south-eastern circle. Rail safety… Continue reading Why is CRS, the body investigating the Odisha rail accident, under the Aviation Ministry
Abaucin: How researchers used AI to find an antibiotic against a superbug
Source: The post is based on the article “How researchers used AI to find an antibiotic against a superbug” published in the Indian Express on 7th June 2023 What is the News? Recently, Scientists from the United States and Canada have used Artificial Intelligence (AI) to discover a powerful antibiotic called Abaucin capable of fighting Acinetobacter baumannii superbug. This… Continue reading Abaucin: How researchers used AI to find an antibiotic against a superbug
‘Internet economy to hit $1 trillion by 2030’
Source: The post is based on the article “‘Internet economy to hit $1 trillion by 2030’” published in The Hindu on 7th June 2023 What is the News? According to a report by Google, Bain & Company and Temasek, India’s Internet economy will hit $1 trillion in value by 2030, up from $175 billion in 2022. What is the Internet… Continue reading ‘Internet economy to hit $1 trillion by 2030’
508 districts in country are free of manual scavenging: Ministry report
Source: The post is based on the article “508 districts in country are free of manual scavenging: Ministry report” published in The Hindu on 7th June 2023 What is the News? The Union Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry has said that only 508 of the 766 districts in the country have been declared free of manual scavenging. This data was… Continue reading 508 districts in country are free of manual scavenging: Ministry report
Plastic ban in India: Progress so far – Explained, pointwise
For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The ban on single-use plastic in India has been a significant step towards addressing the plastic waste crisis and promoting sustainability. Since the ban was imposed, the government has taken various measures to enforce the regulations and raise awareness about the harmful impacts of plastic pollution. However, challenges persist, including… Continue reading Plastic ban in India: Progress so far – Explained, pointwise
Essay Guidance Program 2023 | Open Orientation 8th June | Register Now
Dear Friends, We are pleased to inform you that we shall be commencing Essay Guidance Program (EGP) for UPSC CSE 2023 from 17th June 2023 in Online and Offline Mode. Keeping in mind the change in trends of the essay paper, this program is designed with the objective to empower students to deal with all types of… Continue reading Essay Guidance Program 2023 | Open Orientation 8th June | Register Now
Must Read Current Affairs Articles – June 7th, 2023
About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – June 7th, 2023
PM flags off two schemes to revive wetlands, mangroves
Source: The post is based on the following article “PM flags off two schemes to revive wetlands, mangroves” published in the Live Mint on 6th June 2023 “World Environment Day 2023 celebrated with a thrust on Mission LiFE” published in the PIB on 5th June 2023 What is the News? On World Environment Day, in a move to revive wetlands and mangroves… Continue reading PM flags off two schemes to revive wetlands, mangroves
A word of advice to the Delhi police
Source– The post is based on the article “A word of advice to the Delhi police” published in “The Indian Express” on 6thJune 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions for the Protection and Betterment of Vulnerable Sections. Relevance- Issues related to sexual harassment News- The protest by India’s medal winning wrestlers has been in the… Continue reading A word of advice to the Delhi police
In the short term, stabilise the Line of Actual Control
Source– The post is based on the article “In the short term, stabilise the Line of Actual Control” published in The Hindu on 6th june 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Bilateral groupings and agreements Relevance: Indo-China relations News- From the last few years, the situation on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) has continued to remain extremely… Continue reading In the short term, stabilise the Line of Actual Control
UGC’s clamp down on distance education goes against the spirit of NEP2020
Source– The post is based on the article “UGC’s clamp down on distance education goes against the spirit of NEP2020” published in The Indian Express on 6th June 2023. Syllabus: GS2- Issues related to development and management of Education Relevance: Issues related to distance education News- An affidavit was filed recently in the court by… Continue reading UGC’s clamp down on distance education goes against the spirit of NEP2020
Centre’s ‘lateral entry’ plan gains traction
Source: The post is based on the article “Centre’s ‘lateral entry’ plan gains traction” published in Business Standard on 6th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Governance – Role of Civil Services in a Democracy Relevance: Concerns associated with lateral entry News: Recently, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) issued a list of 20 lateral recruitments to… Continue reading Centre’s ‘lateral entry’ plan gains traction
Why the fourth India-Africa forum summit should happen during Delhi’s G20 presidency
Source: The post is based on the article “Why the fourth India-Africa forum summit should happen during Delhi’s G20 presidency” published in The Indian Express on 6th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – International Relations – Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings Relevance: About the fourth IAFS News: The fourth India Africa Forum Summit (IAFS) was disrupted by… Continue reading Why the fourth India-Africa forum summit should happen during Delhi’s G20 presidency
Built To Not Last – on Bihar bridge collapse
Source: This summary is based on the article “ Built To Not Last “, published in The Times of India on 6th June 2023. Syllabus Topic: GS Paper 3 – Disaster Management, Infrastructure News: Recently, a 200m stretch of a 3km-long bridge over the Ganga in Bihar collapsed, leading to many deaths. This is the… Continue reading Built To Not Last – on Bihar bridge collapse
The decade-long search for a rare Higgs boson decay continues
Source: This summary is based on the article “The decade-long search for a rare Higgs boson decay continues“, published in The Hindu on 6th June 2023. What is the News? Physicists at CERN, working with the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), have reported detecting a rare decay process where a Higgs boson decayed into a Z… Continue reading The decade-long search for a rare Higgs boson decay continues
Adverse possession: What is it, what has the Law Commission said about it
Source: This summary is based on the article “ Adverse possession: What is it, what has the Law Commission said about it“, published in The Indian Express on 6th June 2023. What is the News? The 22nd Law Commission of India, led by former Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court Ritu Raj Awasthi, recently recommended… Continue reading Adverse possession: What is it, what has the Law Commission said about it
What is affecting trade momentum?
Source: This summary is based on the article “ What is affecting trade momentum?“, published in The Hindu on 6th June 2023. What is the News? India’s merchandise exports contracted by 12.7% year-on-year to $34.66 billion in April 2023. Similarly, imports fell by 14%, amounting to $49.90 billion. This decline is not exclusive to India,… Continue reading What is affecting trade momentum?
Law panel’s recommendations on sedition law: Stepping backwards
Source: The post is based on the article “Express View on Law panel’s recommendations on sedition law: Stepping backwards ” published in “The Indian Express” on 6th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 2 – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Relevance: About retaining sedition law. News: The 22nd… Continue reading Law panel’s recommendations on sedition law: Stepping backwards
Dealing with deepfakes
Source– The post is based on the article “Dealing with deepfakes” published in “The Hindu” on 6th June 2023. Syllabus: GS3- Scientific Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life. Relevance– Issues related to civil society News- On May 28, the wrestlers protesting peacefully in New Delhi were arrested, and boarded in a van.… Continue reading Dealing with deepfakes
Lapses in Road Safety: A casual attitude to safety
Source: The post is based on the article “A casual attitude to safety” published in “The Indian Express” on 6th June 2023. Syllabus: GS 3 – Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Relevance: About the Lapses in Road Safety. News: India has just witnessed its most horrific train accident in over two decades in Odisha. A bus… Continue reading Lapses in Road Safety: A casual attitude to safety