9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief – November 15th, 2022

Dear Friends,

We have initiated some changes in the 9 PM Brief and other postings related to current affairs. What we sought to do:

  1. Ensure that all relevant facts, data, and arguments from today’s newspaper are readily available to you.
  2. We have widened the sources to provide you with content that is more than enough and adds value not just for GS but also for essay writing. Hence, the 9 PM brief now covers the following newspapers:
    1. The Hindu  
    2. Indian Express  
    3. Livemint  
    4. Business Standard  
    5. Times of India 
    6. Down To Earth
    7. PIB
  3. We have also introduced the relevance part to every article. This ensures that you know why a particular article is important.
  4. Since these changes are new, so initially the number of articles might increase, but they’ll go down over time.
  5. It is our endeavor to provide you with the best content and your feedback is essential for the same. We will be anticipating your feedback and ensure the blog serves as an optimal medium of learning for all the aspirants.
    • For previous editions of 9 PM BriefClick Here
    • For individual articles of 9 PM BriefClick Here

Current Affairs Compilations for UPSC IAS Prelims 2022

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 1

GS Paper 2

GS Paper 3

Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 1

How we can make the digital space safer for all, particularly women

Source– The post is based on the article “How we can make the digital space safer for all, particularly women” published in The Indian Express on 15th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS1- Society

News– The article explains the need to focus on safety tools and features across digital platforms

What are the reasons for increasing vulnerability of women in digital space?

India has one of the youngest youth demographics in the world and among the most active online. Increased online interactions lead to more content which is shared among people. Sometimes, these interactions also make them vulnerable to harm. Women are often particularly vulnerable.

Private pictures of young women are leaked online. Sometimes it is from a hacked account, other times because of a soured relationship.

It should be no surprise that young men and women are exploring new ways to express their sexuality through sharing intimate images.These new social norms have created new forms of abuse where women are usually the victims.

What are the reactions to such abuses?

Crimes that disproportionately impact women devolve into mass panic . This reaction ends up denying women their freedom and agency by their so-called “protectors”.They advise women to go offline, to be ashamed of expressing themselves.

What are the efforts by various stakeholders for online safety of women?

Leading academics are spearheading research around the topic to discuss the evolution of technology-facilitated abuse.

New IT rules have shown concern regarding the safety and security of users, particularly women and children.

With the overhaul of the IT Act, there is an opportunity to discuss in detail the nature of technology-facilitated abuse. This could be the start of an era of evidence-based discussion.

What is the way forward?

Industry, also, has a role to play. If platform providers could be more responsive to the concerns and experiences of women then, it can help mitigate such issues.

Platforms need to design choices that help women stay in control of who they engage with. They should leverage open source technology that detects and blurs lewd images so that women don’t need to see unsolicited pictures.

We need to focus on safety tools and features across the spectrum of websites and apps .

Societal cooperation is needed. Public discourse around technology-facilitated abuse has to be elevated

GS Paper 2


Mutual benefit: On India-U.S. cooperation on trade

Source– The post is based on the article “Mutual benefit: On India-U.S. cooperation on trade” published in The Hindu on 15th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS2- International relations

Relevance: India-US relations

News- The article explains the Indo-US trade and economic ties.

Why does the US and India want strong trade and economic ties?

The US and India both have shared interest in strengthening the global supply chain. Trade has been used as a geopolitical weapon by some states.

There has been dominance of some states in the supply chain of certain products. For example, China is dominating solar panel.

What are challenges in Indo-US trade ties?

The Trump administration decided to withdraw duty-free access to Indian exporters under the Generalised System of Preferences. The U.S. is still to reinstate the GSP benefit and exporters on both sides still face challenges.

The International Trade Administration of the U.S. notes in its investment climate summary on India that new protectionist measures restricted the expansion in bilateral trade and investment. These measures include strict enforcement and potential expansion of data localisation measures, increased tariffs and Indian-specific standards not aligned with international standards.

The US decided to put India back on the US treasury “monitoring list” over its currency practices in 2020.


Question of intent: Why Supreme Court didn’t find Rajiv Gandhi assassination case convicts guilty of terror

Source: The post is based on an article “Question of intent: Why Supreme Court didn’t find Rajiv Gandhi assassination case convicts guilty of terror” published in The Indian Express on 15th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS 2- Governance

Relevance: SC judgment in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case

News: The Supreme Court (SC) has recently released all the seven convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case.

This has created controversies. Therefore, there is a need to look at the SC’s 1999 judgment in which it said that the killing by the LTTE was not a terrorist act.

What was the judgment of SC in 1999?

The matter came to the SC in 1998 after the TADA court sentenced all 26 accused to death. Judges looking at the case had different views and gave separate judgements.

However, all three judges were of the view that crime only attracted relevant sections of the IPC- murder (302) and conspiracy (120-B). Provision of TADA could not be applied.

Section 3(1) of TADA says that anyone who commits act using explosives that could cause death or damage with intent to

  • overawe the government or
  • to strike terror in any section of the people or
  • to alienate any section of the people or
  • to affect the harmony amongst different sections of the people,

commits a terrorist act.

The court said that the intent under this section was important and the current case does not signify that assassination was done with any of these four intents.

The court quoted the speech of the LTTE leader which said that they were not against India or the Indian people. They were only against the former leadership in India who was against the Tamil liberation struggle and the LTTE.

Therefore, the court ruled that the intent under Section 3(1) of TADA is not applicable in this case.

The court also ruled out Section 4 of TADA that says killing a person bound by oath under the Constitution to uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India or any public servant was deemed a disruptive activity.

The court ruled that this section was also not applicable as Parliament was dissolved months earlier to the assassination and Rajiv Gandhi was not a person bound by oath as an MP.

Therefore, the court ruled that the convicts did not have any intention to overawe the government or strike terror to the people of India. Thus, only IPC sections of murder and conspiracy can be applied to the seven convicts who were guilty.


The foundation of tribal uplift policies is education: Union minister of tribal affairs writes on the occasion of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas

Source: The post is based on an article “The foundation of tribal uplift policies is education: Union minister of tribal affairs writes on the occasion of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas” published in The Times of India on 15th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS 2- Social Justice

Relevance: tribals conditions in India

News: The Government has declared to celebrate the birth anniversary of Bhagwan Birsa Munda as Janjatiya Gaurav Divas on 15th November every year.

This decision will help in strengthening the tribal legacy, heritage, culture and achievements of India.

What is the present situation of tribals in India?

India is home to about 25% of the world’s ethnic population, making it a country with a diversified cultural heritage and a large number of youthful tribal people.

These tribes are utilising the opportunity in the field of education, sports and they are also winning Padma Awards along with international recognition.

Further, the appointment of the nation’s first tribal President (President Droupadi Murmu) shows that there is huge potential for the nation’s Scheduled Tribes.

The government is also committed and adopted a people-centric approach towards the betterment of the tribal people in India.

The PM’s call for Reform, Perform, Transform has served as the guiding principle to ensure the last-mile distribution of benefits and to improve the nation’s overall development.

The most important tool for development is holistic education as advocated by our PM.

Why is education necessary and what are ways adopted by the government for the betterment of tribals?

Education is necessary to bring transformation in the tribals, in bringing reforms and in having a successful future.

Education is necessary in tribals especially in young girls as left-wing extremism has made it challenging to establish educational infrastructure in the affected areas.

Further, the goal of the government is to address these problems at the block level, provide tribal students with quality education through Eklavya Model Residential Schools and to take advantage of the scholarship programmes.

The tribal development programmes focus on empowering tribal people digitally and upskilling them to produce and sell their manufactured goods. NGOs and other organisations are also taking efforts in the advancement of the tribal people.

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs under the Vision for India@2047 has prioritised sustainable livelihoods, income generation, education, health and the promotion of varied ethnic cultures of tribal people. This has helped tribals to get integrated in the society. This ministry is also attempting to preserve several tribal languages.


G20 Summit: What’s at stake?

Source: The post is based on the following articles

“Making G20 relevant: The body works best when it makes an enabling global economic environment its focus. India should take note” published in The Times of India on 15th November 2022.

“G20 Summit: What’s at stake?” published in the Indian Express on 15th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS – 2: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Relevance: About the performance of G20 in the past and present.

News: A two-day G 20 summit meeting will commence in Bali, Indonesia. This is the 17th annual summit. At the end of this meeting, India will assume charge of the G20 presidency.

Why India’s G20 presidency is significant?
Read here: Heading the G20 and New Delhi’s choices
How effective was the performance of G20 in the past?

It was formed in 1999 in the wake of the Asian financial crisis. Its major achievements include,

Role in Financial crisis: The G20 was most effective in 2008 and 2009. As its coordinated policymaking mitigated the economic fallout of the financial crisis. Further, G20 also laid the platform for subsequent agreements on sharing tax data to curb tax evasion.

Expansion of G20’s ambit: Since 2008, the core goal of improving the economic policy environment has expanded to tackling climate change and terrorism, among other things.

Dismantled protectionism: It was perhaps the single most important reason that more than 1 billion people globally escaped extreme poverty in the three decades before Covid.

Read more: Preparing for the presidency – On Assuming G20 Presidency
Why did the performance of G20 reduce at present?

Global growth and the promise of globalisation of G20 have received a severe setback ever since the pandemic. This is because,

Output losses due to Covid: Most of the G20 constituent countries have suffered significant output losses since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic For instance, India would have lost almost 14% of its total output — the highest loss among all G20 countries.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and sanctions against Russia by West has not only created massive geopolitical uncertainty but also spiked global inflation due to supply chain bottlenecks and curbs

Impact of Central Bank’s decision: To control high inflation, central banks across countries have raised interest rates. This in turn has dampened economic activity. For example, the US and the UK are set to face a recession.

A slowdown in China: China, one of the major engines for global growth, is witnessing a sharp slowdown as it struggles with a real estate crisis.

Geopolitical rifts: Such as a) Tensions between the US and China, the two biggest economies in the world, b) The decline in trade between the UK and the euro area in the wake of the Brexit decision.

Must read: G20 grouping and its relevance – Explained, pointwise
What should be done to improve the performance of G20?

Requires joint action: G20 countries can grow faster if they grow together. For growing together, they require peace. So, in the present summit, the leaders have to a) Find common ground such as multilateral action on climate, debt, taxation, and pandemic preparedness, etc., b) Secure peace in Ukraine and prevent further fragmentation, and c) Rule out the differences in the policy landscape.

Contain raging inflation: According to the IMF, “the overarching priority for policymakers in most economies is to ensure price stability while bringing down debt levels and protecting the most vulnerable”.

So, the G20 countries have to a) Contain inflation, b) Find ways to help the vulnerable without increasing the debt levels, c) Ensure proper monitoring of external risks.


Forced transmission-New guidelines for satellite channels leave wide scope for interpretation

Source: The post is based on the article “Forced transmission-New guidelines for satellite channels leave wide scope for interpretation” published in the Business Standard on 15th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS 2 – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Relevance: About the concerns associated with mandatorily broadcasting content.

News: Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the “Guidelines for Uplinking and Downlinking of Television Channels in India, 2022”. Under this, the channels would have to mandatorily broadcast content on themes of national importance and socially relevant issues for at least 30 minutes every day.

What are the key provisions of the guidelines?
Read here: Centre devises new guidelines for TV channels; broadcast of socially relevant topics compulsory
What are the concerns associated with mandatorily broadcasting content?

The issue with the notion of “public property”: The government considers that airwave resources are theoretically owned by the people of India. But, access to them does not come for free.

Broadcasters pay a licence fee (plus a processing fee for live events). Hence, this transfers ownership for the duration of the contract and confers some degree of independence on the broadcaster.

Government has a better alternative: Private broadcasters might not be willing to sacrifice half an hour’s revenue every day to cover “themes of national importance” when the government has a large broadcaster (Doordarshan) at its disposal to do just this.

Doordarshan has both terrestrial and satellite feeds, plus regional channels that cover pretty much the whole population of India. So, Doordarshan has a far better reach than any private satellite channel.

Challenge in monitoring: The government has said it will monitor channels to ensure they are broadcasting content on themes of national importance. At present, India has around 800-odd channels. So, government monitoring might result in a certain degree of cherry-picking.

Guidelines open for interpretation: These guidelines are opaque and open for interpretation since “national importance and social relevance” and “national interest” can easily lie in the eyes of the beholder.

Further, the guidelines add that “channels shall comply” with these recommendations. Such assertions are unlikely to ease operational conditions.

Read more: Content slot: On guidelines for television channels

GS Paper 3


The shape of the Indian economic pie must change

Source– The post is based on the article “The shape of the Indian economic pie must change” published in The Hindu on 15th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS3- Economy

Relevance: Issues related to current economic structure

News- The article explains the increasing inequalities and unfair distribution of wealth across the world. It explains the dominant position acquired by the financial sector.

With the decision of SUpreme Court on EWS reservation and recent debates on subsidies, the issue of inequality has come to surface.

What are the issues with the present economic structure?

Shape of the economy is disturbed. Decent jobs and social security are available to too few. Good education and health care is not available to all.

Issues about fair distribution of opportunities and the need for subsidies will become harder for the Government to resolve until the current pattern of economic growth continues.

Economic inequalities have been increasing in all countries, even the rich ones. Governments are struggling to meet conflicting demands for a smooth business climate  and decent living for common citizens.

Populism is on the rise. On the left, populism demands rights for all workers, across races and religions. On the right, populism wants to protect racial and religious majorities from immigrants and minorities competing with them for limited economic opportunities.

What are the viewpoints of Thomas Piketty about inequality?

He describes that societies were historically divided into three classes– a religious class, a noble and warrior class, and labouring class. Merchant and financial class later emerged and became dominant.

Every human society must justify its inequalities. Unless it does not do so, there will be social and political instability.

Modern inequality is said to be just because everyone enjoys equal access to the market and to property. It benefits automatically from the wealth accumulated by the wealthiest individuals.

How has the financial sector become dominant in the economy?

The financing of wars gave money-owning class power over governments. International trade provided another avenue for growth of the financial class. With the victory of neo-liberalism over welfarism, money became the master. Central banks with responsibility to look after the health of money, acquired independence from elected governments.

The role of banks and financial institutions was to provide lubrication to the wheels of the real economy, rather than making large profits themselves. By the 21st century, profits seem to have become the purpose of financial institutions.

What are the impacts of the dominant position of the financial sector?

Innovative ways of making money from money also became the fastest way to increase personal wealth. Inequalities have increased because a much larger share of wealth is sucked into the financial sector.

The rules of the economic game are now set by the wealthiest. They influence governments’ policies the most. They can determine the wages they will pay workers and prices for small enterprises.

Lives of common citizens have become precarious. Formal jobs in large enterprises are becoming fewer with the changing shape of the modern, post-industrial economy.

What should be the course of action?

The shape of the economic pie must change so that the majority benefits much faster than a tiny minority on top. This will require reforms of institutions and economic ideology.

The Government must listen and respond to the needs of common citizens more than to big business lobbies.

Ease of living for the majority must drive government policies more than policies for attracting big investments with ease of doing business.


India’s long-term strategy to transition to a ‘low emissions’ pathway involves more nuclear power, more ethanol

Source– The post is based on the article “India’s long-term strategy to transition to a ‘low emissions’ pathway involves more nuclear power, more ethanol” published in The Hindu on 15th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS3- Environment

Relevance: Climate change

News– The article explains India’s long-term strategy to transition to a “low emissions” pathway at the United Nations Conference of Parties ongoing in Sharm el-Sheikh.

What is the recent long term strategy announced by India?

It is premised on expanding its nuclear power capacity by at least three-fold in the next decade. There is focus on becoming an international hub for producing green hydrogen and increasing the proportion of ethanol in petrol.

The LT-LEDS (Long Term-Low Emission Development Strategy) has been prepared in the framework of India’s right to an equitable and fair share of the global carbon budget. The strategy emphasises energy security, energy access, and employment, while keeping focus on our vision of Atmanirbhar Bharat.

The journey to net-zero is five-decade-long. India’s vision is therefore evolutionary and flexible.It accommodates new technological developments and developments in the global economy and international cooperation.

The LT-LEDS are qualitative in nature. It is a requirement emanating from the 2015 Paris Agreement.

LTS says that the transition to low carbon development pathway will entail several costs pertaining to the development of new technologies, new infrastructure, and other transaction costs. The cost of transition falls generally in the range of trillions of dollars by 2050.

Provision of climate finance by developed countries will play a very significant role. It needs to be considerably enhanced, in the form of grants and concessional loans, ensuring scale, scope and speed. It should be predominantly from public sources, in accordance with the principles of the UNFCCC.

What is the strategy adopted by India to achieve net zero targets?

India aspires to maximise the use of electric vehicles. It aims for ethanol blending to reach 20% by 2025 which is currently 10% .

India will also focus on improving energy efficiency by the Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT) scheme, the National Hydrogen Mission, increasing electrification, enhancing material efficiency; recycling and ways to reduce emissions.

India’s forest and tree cover act as a net carbon sink absorbing 15% of CO2 emissions in 2016. Also,the country is on track to fulfilling its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) commitment of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of additional carbon sequestration in forest and tree cover by 2030.

India’s most updated NDC commits to ensuring half its electricity is derived from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030. It aims at reducing the emissions intensity by 45% below 2005 levels by 2030.

What is the way forward for LTS?

India’s long-term strategy (LTS) can guide the growth of Indian industry, urban planning, and infrastructure creation.

India needs to create a legal or institutional framework to pursue policies based on its long-term goal.

LTS should include carbon pricing through a domestic emissions trading scheme as a key element of India’s strategy, given that the government has already announced the creation of the same in India.

Provision of climate finance by developed countries will play a very significant role. It needs to be considerably enhanced, in the form of grants and concessional loans.


Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

Bilateral trade with India doubled to $2 billion in the past two years, says Ambassador of Norway

Source: The post is based on the article “Bilateral trade with India doubled to $2 billion in the past two years, says Ambassador of Norway” published in The Hindu on 15th November 2022

What is the News?

In the last two years, bilateral trade between India and Norway has doubled to $2 billion.

What is the present status of bilateral trade between India and Norway?

Energy investment: India is one of the countries with a large potential for solar energy. Most of the investment from Norway has been in solar energy infrastructure.

Norway is working with the National Institute of Wind Energy for both onshore and offshore wind energy. But according to Norway, only Tamil Nadu and Gujarat had the stable wind to make wind energy projects viable.

Ship recycling: Norway has the fifth-largest commercial fleet in the world, and ship recycling was crucial to keep up a modern fleet, both for environmental as also for competitive reasons.

India has a large ship-breaking industry, especially in Alang in Gujarat. Norway was cooperating closely with India for ship recycling.

Further, India also joined Hong Kong Convention as per the request of Norway.

Creation of digital archives in India: A Norwegian company was involved in creating a digital archive for Indian monuments such as the Taj Mahal. The company was also involved in digitalising historical monuments — Dholavira in Gujarat and the Bhimbhetka Caves in Madhya Pradesh.

What will be the future of Norway’s investment in India?

Norway would invest $1 billion from its climate investment fund in five years worldwide, this includes India as well. But the quantum of funds invested in India would depend on the projects.

What is Hong Kong Convention?

The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009 (the Hong Kong Convention) was adopted at a diplomatic conference held in Hong Kong, China.

Aim: Ensuring ships when being recycled after reaching the end of their operational lives, do not pose any unnecessary risks to human health, safety and the environment.

Nature: It is a legally binding international instrument.

So far the convention has not entered into force. But, with more nations such as Bangladesh signing up the Hong Kong Convention would come into force.


Projects to track small fishing vessels along India’s coast makes progress

Source: The post is based on the article “Projects to track small fishing vessels along India’s coast makes progress” published in The Hindu on 15th November 2022

What is the News?

As part of coastal security measures instituted post-26/11 Mumbai attacks the Indian government has instituted a project to install transponders on small fishing vessels under 20 metres in length. After much delay, the project was now underway in Tamil Nadu.

About the project to install transponders on small fishing vessels

The process of installing transponders on sub-20 metre boats commenced with a pilot project in Tamil Nadu for 5,000 vessels.

Features of the transponders: To allay the concerns of fishermen, the transponders with positioning navigation systems have been modified into a two-way communication system.

Need: There are close to three lakh registered fishing vessels of which around 2.5 lakh are under 20 metres.

What are the other important initiatives taken to improve India’s coastal security?

An Automatic Identification System (AIS) was made compulsory for all vessels above 20 metres after the 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai.

Online ReALCraft (Registration and Licensing of Fishing Craft): Through this, verification and monitoring of a large number of Indian fishing vessels is carried out. This information is available to the Indian Navy and Coast Guard.

Biometric identity cards: These biometric identity cards have been issued to the majority of fishermen. The maritime security agencies through the composite card readers enable biometric verification of the identity of fishing vessel crews at sea.

Indo-Pacific Maritime Domain Awareness (IPMDA) initiative: It was announced by the Quad grouping at the Tokyo summit in 2022. It is a part of overall efforts for Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) on the high seas.

The initiative will track “dark shipping” and build a “faster, wider, and more accurate maritime picture of near-real-time activities in partners’ waters.” Further, the initiative will also integrate three critical regions in the Indo-Pacific – the Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia, and Indian Ocean Region (IOR).


Financing India’s infrastructure: India has to invest $55 billion p.a. in urban infra to meet needs of growing population: World Bank report

Source: The post is based on the article “India has to invest $55 billion p.a. in urban infra to meet needs of growing population: World Bank report” published in The Hindu on 15th November 2022.

What is the News?

Recently, the World Bank released a report titled “Financing India’s Infrastructure Needs: Constraints to Commercial Financing and Prospects for Policy Action.” The report underlines an urgent need to leverage more private and commercial investments to meet emerging financial gaps.

Why India needs to finance India’s Infrastructure?

According to the report, by 2036, 600 million people will be living in urban cities in India, representing 40% of the population. This will put additional pressure such as more demand for clean drinking water, reliable power supply, efficient and safe road transport amongst others.

What are the key findings about financing India’s Infrastructure projects?

Slow implementation of Centre’s schemes by states and ULBs: There is a slow implementation performance by States and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) on several of the Centre’s flagship Urban Missions such as Smart Cities Mission and the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY).

For example, ULBs across India have so far executed only about one-fifth of the cumulative cost or outlay of approved projects under SCM and AMRUT over the last six financial years.

Low private participation: Currently, the central and State governments finance over 75% of city infrastructure, while ULBs finance 15% through their own surplus revenues.

Only 5% of the infrastructure needs of Indian cities are currently being financed through private sources.

A decline in PPP transactions: Public Private Partnership (PPP) transactions for urban infrastructure have registered a marked decline in the last decade both in monetary value and transaction volume.

Low PPP project awards: PPP project awards have seen a substantial spike between the years 2007 and 2012 when most of these projects were awarded. Only one-third of all PPP investments awarded since 2000 came in the last decade— including 55 projects worth $17 billion, the report stated.

Low revenue of Indian infra projects: This is due to policy decisions to keep tariffs and service charges below levels required for cost recovery and financial sustainability.

What are the key suggestions of the report to improve financing India’s infrastructure?

Need additional urban funding: India will need to invest $840 billion over the next 15 years into urban infrastructure to effectively meet the needs of its fast-growing urban population. Cities in India need large amounts of financing to promote green, smart, inclusive, and sustainable urbanization.

Creating a conducive environment for ULBs: Currently, the 10 largest ULBs were able to spend only two-thirds of their total capital budget over three recent fiscal years. India needs to create a conducive environment such as creditworthiness for ULBs to enable them to borrow more from private sources.

Medium-term solutions: A series of structural reforms such as changes in taxation policy and fiscal transfer system can allow cities to leverage more private financing.


Methane Alert and Response System (MARS): COP27: UN to set up system to track methane emissions from space

Source: The post is based on the article “COP27: UN to set up system to track methane emissions from space” published in Indian Express on 15th November 2022

What is the News?

The Methane Alert and Response System (MARS) was launched at the 27th Conference of Parties(COP27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt.

What is a Methane Alert and Response System (MARS)?

MARS is the first publicly available global system capable of transparently connecting methane detection to notification processes. 

It has been set up as part of the UNEP International Methane Emissions Observatory (IMEO) strategy to get policy-relevant data into the right hands for emissions mitigation.

How will the MARS work?

MARS will use data from global mapping satellites to identify very large methane plumes and methane hot spots and data from high-resolution satellites to then attribute the emissions to a specific source. 

UNEP will then notify governments and companies about the emissions, either directly or through partners, so that the responsible entity can take appropriate action.

If requested, MARS partners will provide technical or advisory services such as help in assessing mitigation opportunities. 

UNEP will continue to monitor the event location and make the data and analysis available to the public between 45 and 75 days after detection.

Why target only Methane related emissions?

Methane is the second-most common of the six major greenhouse gases but is far more dangerous than carbon dioxide in its potential to cause global warming. 

It accounts for about 17% of the current global greenhouse gas emissions. It is also blamed for having caused at least 25 to 30% of temperature rise since the pre-industrial times.

However, unlike carbon dioxide, methane is largely a sectoral gas and there are only a few sources of emission. It is possible, therefore, to cut down on methane emissions without having a widespread impact on the economy.

Moreover, because its global warming potential is about 80 times that of carbon dioxide, a reduction in methane emissions also brings big benefits in a short time.


“In our LiFEtime” Campaign launched by India at COP 27, Sharm El-Sheikh

Source: The post is based on the articleIn our LiFEtime Campaign launched by India at COP 27, Sharm El-Sheikhpublished in PIB on 15th November 2022

What is the News?

The Ministry ​​of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has launched the “In Our LiFEtime” campaign at a side event of the COP 27 in Egypt.

What is the “In Our LiFEtime” campaign?

Launched by: The National Museum of Natural History(NMNH) under the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Aim: To encourage youth between the age of 18 to 23 years to become message-bearers of sustainable lifestyles.

Features: The campaign gives a global call for ideas from youth across the world who are passionate about living environmentally conscious lives.

It encourages youth to submit their climate actions that contribute to lifestyles for the environment within their capacity. These practices should be sustainable and scalable, hence the practices would serve as good practices that can be shared globally. 

Significance: The campaign is a great way to encourage youth to become ambassadors of sustainable lifestyle practices and grow into leaders that lead the way in biodiversity conservation and natural resource management.

What is the concept of LiFE?

Click Here to read


India to conduct major ‘Sea Vigil’ coastal defence exercise

Source: The post is based on the article “India to conduct major ‘Sea Vigil’ coastal defence exercise” published in PIB on 15th November 2022

What is the News?

The third edition of the ‘Pan-India’ Coastal Defence Exercise ‘Sea Vigil-22’ will be conducted.

What is Exercise Sea Vigil?

Exercise Sea Vigil is a Coastal Defence Exercise conceptualized in 2018 to validate various measures that have been instituted towards enhancing maritime security since ‘26/11’. 

The exercise will be undertaken along the entire 7516 km coastline and Exclusive Economic Zone of India.

Participators: All the Coastal States and Union territories along with other maritime stakeholders.

Objective: To provide a realistic assessment of India’s strengths and weaknesses and thus will help in further strengthening Maritime and National Security.

Conducted by: Indian Navy in coordination with the Coast Guard and other ministries entrusted with the task of maritime activities.

Significance: The exercise is a build-up towards the major Theatre Level Readiness Operational Exercise (TROPEX), which the Indian Navy conducts every two years.

Note: Sea Vigil and TROPEX together will cover the entire spectrum of Maritime Security challenges.


Forced conversions may ultimately affect national security, freedom of religion, Supreme Court tells Centre

Source: The post is based on the article “Forced conversions may ultimately affect national security, freedom of religion, Supreme Court tells Centre” published in The Hindu on 15th November 2022

What is the News?

The Supreme Court has observed that forced conversion is a “very serious issue” that affects the security of the nation and the freedom of religion and conscience of citizens.

What is the case about?

A petition has been filed in the Supreme Court seeking directions to the Centre and states to take stringent steps to check forced conversions.

The petitioner has said that there should be a special law against forced conversions or the Act should be incorporated as an offense in the Indian Penal Code.

What did the Supreme Court say about this petition?

The court ordered the Centre to file an affidavit detailing what actions it proposed to take to curb forced conversions. It said such conversions were reported to be found more in poor and tribal areas.

Does the Right to propagate religion under Article 25 includes the right to forcible conversion?

The Solicitor General representing the Centre said that the word “propagate” had come up for consideration in the Constituent Assembly debates. It was decided that the term did not mean forcible conversions.

He also referred to the Supreme Court’s 1997 judgment by a Constitution Bench in Rev. Stainislaus vs State of Madhya Pradesh which had held that the word “propagate” in Article 25 did not give the right to convert another person to one’s own religion but to transmit or spread one’s religion by an exposition of its tenets.

– The court in this judgment also held that there was “no fundamental right to convert another person to one’s own religion”.

The court had also recently dealt with the Acts passed by Madhya Pradesh and Orissa against forcible conversion and had held that “freedom of conscience of every person includes freedom not to be allowed to change his conscience and convert”.


NASA completes LOFTID technology demonstration designed to land humans on Mars

Source: The post is based on the article “NASA completes LOFTID technology demonstration designed to land humans on Mars” published in Indian Express on 15th November 2022

What is the News?

NASA has completed the technology demonstration of its Low-Earth Orbit Flight Test of an Inflatable Decelerator(LOFTID) mission. 

What is the LOFTID Mission?
LOFTID Mission
Source: Indian Express

LOFTID is a partnership between NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate and United Launch Alliance (ULA).

Aim: To demonstrate a Hypersonic Inflatable Aerodynamic Decelerator (HIAD) or aeroshell technology that could one day help land humans on Mars.

Features: A HIAD device will have an inflatable structure that is capable of holding its shape against drag forces. It will also have a protective flexible thermal protection system that will protect it from the heat generated during re-entry. 

What is the significance of HIAD technology?

Firstly, for destinations with an atmosphere, one of the challenges NASA faces is how to deliver heavy payloads (experiments, equipment, and people) because current rigid aeroshells are constrained by a rocket’s shroud size. One answer to this is HIAD technology that can be deployed to a scale much larger than the shroud.

Secondly, it could potentially be used for bringing back rocket assets after they are launched.

Thirdly, when a spacecraft or anything else enters a planet’s atmosphere, drag acts upon the body and slows it down-converting kinetic energy into heat. The large size of the HIAD device means that it creates more drag and starts the deceleration process higher in the atmosphere than traditional aeroshells.

Fourthly, it could be used to bring back massive objects back from Earth’s orbit, like items from the International Space Station.


The significance of the Bali G-20 summit

Source: The post is based on the article “The significance of the Bali G-20 summit” published in The Hindu on 15th November 2022

What is the News?

The 17th annual summit of G20 countries is being organized at Bali, Indonesia.

What is G20?

Click Here to read

What is the agenda of the 17th G20 Summit?

The motto for this G-20 is Recover Together, Recover Stronger. 

Key Priorities: The summit will have three key priorities:

Global Health Architecture: This involves deliberations towards strengthening global health resilience and making the global health system more inclusive, equitable, and responsive to crises.

Digital Transformation: Deliberations here have centered on achieving the full potential of rapid digitalisation of the global economy by creating a new landscape of cooperation among nations.

Sustainable Energy Transition: The discussions have focussed on ways to accelerate the transition towards cleaner energy sources. In particular, since any such transition requires substantial investments, the efforts have been focused on finding a platform for such investments.

What makes this G-20 different from others?

For the world, this is the first G-20 since Russia began the war in Ukraine and the west imposed sanctions on Russia. Efforts will be made to build global consensus over issues that have clearly divided the world. 

For India, the importance of the summit of the world’s most advanced economies is that it is India’s turn to host the summit next. 


India Submits its Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy to UNFCCC

Source: The post is based on the articleIndia Submits its Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy to UNFCCCpublished in PIB on 14th November 2022

What is the News?

India has submitted its Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy(LT-LEDS) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at COP 27.

What is the Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy(LT-LEDS)?

The LT-LEDS is a commitment document which every signatory to the Paris Agreement (2015) is obliged to make by 2022.

So far, only 57 countries (including India) have submitted their document.

What is India’s Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy(LT-LEDS)?
Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy (LT-LEDS)
Source: The Hindu

The strategy is based on four key considerations: 1) India has contributed little to global warming despite being home to a sixth of the world’s population, 2) India has significant energy needs for development, 3) India is committed to pursuing low-carbon strategies for development and 4) India needs to build climate resilience.

Key Pillars of the strategy: The 7 key pillars of the strategy are: 1) Low-carbon electricity systems consistent with development 2) Integrated, efficient and inclusive low-carbon transport systems, 3) Energy & material-efficiency in buildings, 4) Decoupling growth from emissions and developing an efficient, low-emission industrial system, 5) CO2 removal and related engineering solutions, 6) Enhancing forest cover consistent with socioeconomic and ecological considerations and 7) Increasing climate resilience in poverty eradication and employment creation.

What are the salient features of the strategy?

Transition from fossil fuels: The transition from fossil fuels will be undertaken in a just, smooth, sustainable and all-inclusive manner.

Transportation sector: Increased use of biofuels, especially ethanol blending in petrol, the drive to increase electric vehicle penetration and the increased use of green hydrogen fuel is expected to drive the low carbon development of the transport sector. 

Sustainable Urbanization: Future sustainable and climate-resilient urban development will be driven by smart city initiatives, integrated planning of cities, effective green building codes and rapid developments in innovative solid and liquid waste management.

Industrial Sector: India’s industrial sector will continue on a strong growth path in the perspective of ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’ and ‘Make in India’. The focus will be on improving energy efficiency by initiatives such as Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT) scheme, high levels of electrification, enhancing material efficiency and recycling leading to the expansion of the circular economy.

Forest Cover: India has a strong record of enhancing forest and tree cover in the last three decades alongside high economic growth.

– India’s forest fire incidence is well below global levels, while its forest and tree cover are a net sink absorbing 15% of CO2 emissions in 2016. India is on track to fulfilling its NDC commitment of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of additional carbon sequestration in forest and tree cover by 2030.

Transition to low-carbon development: The transition to the low carbon development pathway will entail several costs pertaining to the development of new technologies, new infrastructure, and other transaction costs. The provision of climate finance by developed countries will play a very significant role in this.


Who was Sir CP, whose ‘independent Travancore mission’ ended with assassination bid

Source: The post is based on the article “Who was Sir CP, whose ‘independent Travancore mission’ ended with assassination bid” published in Indian Express on 15th November 2022

What is the News?

The name of former Travancore Diwan Sir CP Ramaswamy Iyer has been mentioned in the middle of the ongoing disagreement between the Kerala administration and the Governor.

Who is Sir CP Ramaswamy Iyer?

Sir Chetput Pattabhiraman Ramaswamy Iyer, popularly known as ‘Sir CP’, was the Diwan of the erstwhile Travancore princely state from 1936 to 1947.

He rose to glorious heights as he found favour with both the crown prince Sri Chithira Thirunal Bala Rama Varma and Lord Willingdon, the Viceroy of India. 

From 1936 to 1947, he was the Diwan of the old Travancore princely state.

Independent Travancore: On June 3, 1947, Britain announced its intention to quit India, while also accepting demands for the country’s partition. 

– Following this, the Indian Independence Act of 1947 gave princely states the option to accede to the newly divided territories of India or Pakistan or continue as an independent sovereign state.

– Maharaja Sri Chithira Thirunal, who wished to stay independent, was supported by Sir CP, who declared his intention of forming an independent state of Travancore that would be open to the idea of signing a treaty with the Indian union.

Punnapra-Vayalar revolt: Amid his dream of an independent state, Sir CP became more unpopular as he proposed an ‘American model’ for Travancore. 

– His policies led to a massive uprising, the Punnapra-Vayalar revolt which was suppressed by the Travancore army and navy. 

– The anger and discontent culminated into an assassination attempt on Sir CP on July 25, 1947.

Joining of India: Sir CP agreed to the accession of Travancore state to the Indian Union, following which he resigned and left for London. On July 30, 1947, Travancore joined India.


Legal battle over demolitions near tomb of Afzal Khan in Maharashtra

Source: The post is based on the article “Legal battle over demolitions near tomb of Afzal Khan in Maharashtra” published in Indian Express on 15th November 2022

What is the News?

The Supreme Court(SC) has sought reports from the Maharashtra government on the demolition drive conducted around the tomb of Afzal Khan.

Who was Afzal Khan?

Afzal Khan was a 17th-century commander of the Adil Shahi dynasty of Bijapur.

With Chhatrapati Shivaji’s rise and increasing control of the region, Afzal Khan was seen as the man to subdue him in the Deccan.

Afzal Khan put together a force of 10,000 cavalry and marched from Bijapur to Wai, plundering Shivaji’s territory along the way.

Shivaji called a council of war at the fort of Pratapgarh, where most of his advisers urged him to make peace. However, Shivaji was not eager to back down and he set up a meeting with Khan.

During the meeting, an embrace between the two turned into an attack in which Shivaji emerged victorious. This was followed by a rout of the Adilshahi army at the hands of the Marathas.

As per Maratha sources, Khan’s remains were buried at the fort and a tomb was constructed on Shivaji’s orders.

In an act of grace, Shivaji erected a tomb over the remains of Afzul Khan and built a tower in his honour which is still known by the name ‘Afzul Buruj’ at Pratapgarh.

The sword of Afzal Khan was preserved as a valued trophy in the armoury of Shivaji and his descendants.


3rd Ministerial Conference on Countering Financing of Terrorism – No Money for Terror

Source: The post is based on the article 3rd Ministerial Conference on Countering Financing of Terrorism – No Money for Terrorpublished in PIB on 14th November 2022.

What is the News?

The 3rd Ministerial Conference on Countering Financing of Terrorism – No Money for Terror will be held in New Delhi.

What is the Third Ministerial ‘No Money for Terror (NMFT)’ Conference?

Hosted by: Ministry of Home Affairs

Aim: To make progress on the discussions on combating terrorist financing held by the international community in the previous two (NMFT) conferences in Paris (in 2018) and Melbourne (in 2019). 

Focus areas: Global trends in terrorism and terrorist financing, the use of formal and informal channels of funding terrorism, emerging technologies and terrorist financing, and requisite international cooperation to address related challenges.

Note: Recently, India also hosted two global events in October 2022 — the annual General Assembly of the Interpol in Delhi and a special session of the UN Counter-Terrorism Committee in Mumbai and Delhi.


Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 9th, 2022

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 9th, 2022

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Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products(RoDTEP) Scheme gets extended to Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and Articles of Iron & Steel

Source: The post is based on the article “Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products(RoDTEP) Scheme gets extended to Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and Articles of Iron & Steel” published in PIB on 7th December 2022 What is the News? The Department of Commerce has decided to expand the scope of the Remission of Duties and… Continue reading Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products(RoDTEP) Scheme gets extended to Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and Articles of Iron & Steel

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A green tax would help augment government revenue

Source: The post is based on the article “A green tax would help augment government revenue” published in the Livemint on 8th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Relevance: About levying a green tax. News: The government has been looking at different ways of augmenting its… Continue reading A green tax would help augment government revenue

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Greening of the GST – The environmental dimension of taxes must rank high in any rate rationalisation exercise

Source: The post is based on the article “Greening of the GST – The environmental dimension of taxes must rank high in any rate rationalisation exercise” published in the Business Standard on 8th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Relevance: About greening the GST. News: As the… Continue reading Greening of the GST – The environmental dimension of taxes must rank high in any rate rationalisation exercise

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Af-Pak Again – Afghanistan is back to being a terror hub, Pakistan is in political chaos. Bad news for the world

Source: The post is based on the article “Af-Pak Again – Afghanistan is back to being a terror hub, Pakistan is in political chaos. Bad news for the world” published in The Times of India on 8th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 2 – India and its neighbourhood- relations. Relevance: About the Afghanistan-Pakistan status and the growth of… Continue reading Af-Pak Again – Afghanistan is back to being a terror hub, Pakistan is in political chaos. Bad news for the world

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What is OpenAI’s ChatGPT chatbot, why it has become a viral sensation

Source: The post is based on the article “What is OpenAI’s ChatGPT chatbot, why it has become a viral sensation” published in Indian Express on 7th December 2022 What is the News? Artificial Intelligence(AI) research company OpenAI has announced the launch of ChatGPT. What is ChatGPT? ChatGPT is a dialogue-based AI chatbot that will understand… Continue reading What is OpenAI’s ChatGPT chatbot, why it has become a viral sensation

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Union Minister says ISRO will develop “Spatial Data Infrastructure geoportal ‘Geo-Ladakh’ for UT-Ladakh”

Source: The post is based on the article “Union Minister says ISRO will develop “Spatial Data Infrastructure geoportal ‘Geo-Ladakh’ for UT-Ladakh”” published in PIB on 7th December 2022 What is the News? The Government of the Union Territory of Ladakh has approached the Indian Institute of Remote Sensing(IIRS) for developing “Spatial Data Infrastructure geoportal ‘Geo-Ladakh’… Continue reading Union Minister says ISRO will develop “Spatial Data Infrastructure geoportal ‘Geo-Ladakh’ for UT-Ladakh”

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Plan to install 500 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030 to cost ₹2.44 trillion

Source: The post is based on the article “Plan to install 500 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030 to cost ₹2.44 trillion” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022 What is the News? The Union Ministry of Power has launched a plan “Transmission System for Integration of over 500 Gw RE Capacity by… Continue reading Plan to install 500 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030 to cost ₹2.44 trillion

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UGC forms panel to work on textbooks in Indian languages

Source: The post is based on the article “UGC forms panel to work on textbooks in Indian languages” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022 What is the News? The University Grants Commission has held a meeting with international publishers to discuss bringing out textbooks for undergraduate courses in Indian languages. About the panel… Continue reading UGC forms panel to work on textbooks in Indian languages

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RBI Governor delivers Bimonthly Monetary Policy Statement

Source: The post is based on the article “RBI Governor delivers Bimonthly Monetary Policy Statement” published in PIB on 8th December 2022 What is the News? The Monetary Policy Committee(MPC) of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has released its latest review of the monetary policy.  What are the key highlights from the RBI Monetary… Continue reading RBI Governor delivers Bimonthly Monetary Policy Statement

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First data taken by the 3.6-meter telescope detects unexpected kilonova emission from ‘a long-duration gamma-ray burst’

Source: The post is based on the article “First data taken by the 3.6-meter telescope detects unexpected kilonova emission from ‘a long-duration gamma-ray burst” published in PIB on 8th December 2022 What is the News? A team of astronomers has recorded a rare astronomical event involving a compact binary merger emitting long Gamma Ray Burst(GRB)… Continue reading First data taken by the 3.6-meter telescope detects unexpected kilonova emission from ‘a long-duration gamma-ray burst’

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Koundinya sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh awaits ‘Jumbo romance‘ as an all-female herd from T.N. enters Chittoor

Source: The post is based on the article “Koundinya sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh awaits ‘Jumbo romance‘ as an all-female herd from T.N. enters Chittoor” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022 What is the News? An 18-member herd of all female elephants from the forests of Gudiyattam and Pernambattu of Tamil Nadu are currently… Continue reading Koundinya sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh awaits ‘Jumbo romance‘ as an all-female herd from T.N. enters Chittoor

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ISRO inks MoU with Social Alpha to establish SpaceTech Innovation Network

Source: The post is based on the article “ISRO inks MoU with Social Alpha to establish SpaceTech Innovation Network” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022 What is the News? Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) and Social Alpha have signed an MoU to launch SpaceTech Innovation Network(SpIN). Note: Social Alpha is a multistage innovation curation… Continue reading ISRO inks MoU with Social Alpha to establish SpaceTech Innovation Network

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India@75, Looking at 100: A country capable of diversity sans discrimination

Source– The post is based on the article “India@75, Looking at 100: A country capable of diversity sans discrimination” published in The Indian Express on 8th December 2022. Syllabus: GS1- Indian culture Relevance– India spiritual heritage News– The article explains the rich heritage of Bhakti tradition in India and its significance for our country. Why… Continue reading India@75, Looking at 100: A country capable of diversity sans discrimination

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Talk about coal – India must consider energy transition partnerships

Source: The post is based on the article “Talk about coal – India must consider energy transition partnerships” published in Business Standard on 8th December 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Infrastructure Relevance: Just Energy Transition Partnerships and India News:  The Indian government has refused to accept JETPs and phase out its coal dependence due to the concerned stakeholders… Continue reading Talk about coal – India must consider energy transition partnerships

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The debate around conjugal visits for prisoners

Source– The post is based on the article “The debate around conjugal visits for prisoners” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Judiciary and significant provisions of constitution Relevance– Issues related to criminal justice system News– The article explains the issue of conjugal visits for inmates. The State of Punjab has allowed… Continue reading The debate around conjugal visits for prisoners

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Need for an effective tourist police

Source– The post is based on the article “Need for an effective tourist police” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors Relevance– Issues related to tourism sector News– The article explains the issue of tourist safety in India. A few days ago, a… Continue reading Need for an effective tourist police

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BIMSTEC as key to a new South Asian regional order

Source– The post is based on the article “BIMSTEC as key to a new South Asian regional order” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Regional grouping Relevance–  BIMSTEC News– The article explains the importance of BIMSTEC and scope for improvement in its working. It also explains the weaknesses of SAARC. What… Continue reading BIMSTEC as key to a new South Asian regional order

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Slum Redevelopment in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Government of Maharashtra has given a go-ahead for the Dharavi Slum Redevelopment Project in Mumbai. Dharavi has often been referred to as the ‘largest slum’ in Asia. Slums seem to be an integral part of India’s urban landscape. Slum are symptomatic of several deficiencies like lack of urban planning,… Continue reading Slum Redevelopment in India – Explained, pointwise

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Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 8th, 2022

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 8th, 2022

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Why and how the Supreme Court should recognise same-sex marriage

Source– The post is based on the article “Why and how the Supreme Court should recognise same-sex marriage” published in The Indian Express on 7th December 2022. Syllabus: GS1- Social empowerment. GS2- Vulnerable sections Relevance– Issues related to LGBT News– The article explains the issue of same-sex marriages. Recently petitions were filed in higher courts… Continue reading Why and how the Supreme Court should recognise same-sex marriage

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Denting democracy – On judicial appointments

Source– The post is based on the article “Denting democracy” published in the Business Standard on 7th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Judiciary Relevance– Judicial appointment News– The article explains the issue of appointment of judges by Collegium. Recently, a Bench of the SC expressed anguish at the government sitting on Collegium recommendations for fresh appointments.… Continue reading Denting democracy – On judicial appointments

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Fixing gas prices

Source– The post is based on the article “Fixing gas prices” published in the Business Standard on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS3- Infrastructure- Energy Relevance– Petroleum and gas sector News– The article explains the issue of gas pricing in India. What are the commendations of Kirit Parekh for gas pricing? It has suggested a cap… Continue reading Fixing gas prices

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Scenarios for the future of India, and the world

Source– The post is based on the article “Scenarios for the future of India, and the world” published in The Hindu on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy and development Relevance– Scenario of economic growth and development News– The article explains the possible scenarios for growth and development of the Indian economy. It also… Continue reading Scenarios for the future of India, and the world

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The GM mustard debate

Source: The post is based on an article “The GM mustard debate” published in The Indian Express on 7th December 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Science and Technology Relevance: concerns associated with GM crops News: The government had cleared the environmental release of a genetically modified (GM) variety of mustard, DMH-11, recently which has been opposed by the… Continue reading The GM mustard debate

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Delhi choking, but do not blame stubble burning alone

Source: The post is based on the article “Delhi choking, but do not blame stubble burning alone” published in The Hindu on 7th December 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment Relevance: concerns and measures needed to address air pollution in Delhi News:  The pollution in Delhi every year around winter is a serious concern that needs to be… Continue reading Delhi choking, but do not blame stubble burning alone

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India prioritises engaging Lusophone world to tap potential

Source: The post is based on the article “India prioritises engaging Lusophone world to tap potential” published in Indian Express on 6th December 2022 What is the News? The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) in partnership with the Indian Council of Cultural Relations (ICCR) and the Government of Goa is organizing the International Lusophone Festival… Continue reading India prioritises engaging Lusophone world to tap potential

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Only 31% women own mobile phones, says Oxfam report on India digital divide

Source: The post is based on the article “Only 31% women own mobile phones, says Oxfam report on India digital divide” published in Hindustan Times on 7th December 2022 What is the News? Oxfam has released a report titled ‘India Inequality Report 2022: Digital Divide’. The report highlights the extent of the digital divide in… Continue reading Only 31% women own mobile phones, says Oxfam report on India digital divide

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Semeru Volcano: Alert at highest level in Indonesia as volcano erupts

Source: The post is based on the article “Semeru Volcano: Alert at highest level in Indonesia as volcano erupts” published in Indian Express on 6th December 2022 What is the News? Semeru volcano has erupted in Indonesia’s Eastern Java Island. What is Mount Semeru? Mount Semeru is an active volcano located in East Java, Indonesia.… Continue reading Semeru Volcano: Alert at highest level in Indonesia as volcano erupts

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What is St Edward’s Crown, to be worn by King Charles III on his coronation?

Source: The post is based on the article “What is St Edward’s Crown, to be worn by King Charles III on his coronation?” published in Indian Express on 7th December 2022 What is the News? Since King Charles III of England was made monarch in September, there has been anticipation over his coronation ceremony and… Continue reading What is St Edward’s Crown, to be worn by King Charles III on his coronation?

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Explained | Why is Europe worried about the U.S Inflation Reduction Act?

Source: The post is based on the article “Explained | Why is Europe worried about the U.S Inflation Reduction Act?” published in The Hindu on 7th December 2022 What is the News? French President has raised concerns over the US Inflation Reduction Act(IRA) which European countries believe is discriminatory to non-American companies.  What is the… Continue reading Explained | Why is Europe worried about the U.S Inflation Reduction Act?

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Curbing terror in Afghanistan, enhancing connectivity key to India-Central Asia security: NSA Doval

Source: The post is based on the article “Curbing terror in Afghanistan, enhancing connectivity key to India-Central Asia security: NSA Doval” published in The Hindu on 7th December 2022 What is the News? For the first time, India hosted a meeting of top security officials of Central Asia with a focus on the evolving security… Continue reading Curbing terror in Afghanistan, enhancing connectivity key to India-Central Asia security: NSA Doval

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Calling Name Presentation(CNAP): How is TRAI proposing to help callers identify spammers?

Source: The post is based on the article “How is TRAI proposing to help callers identify spammers?” published in The Hindu on 7th December 2022 What is the News? The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has floated a consultation paper seeking comments about the potential introduction of a Calling Name Presentation (CNAP) feature.  What… Continue reading Calling Name Presentation(CNAP): How is TRAI proposing to help callers identify spammers?

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Bird survey: Around 200 bird species in Kanger valley park

Source: The post is based on the article “Bird survey: Around 200 bird species in Kanger valley park” published in TOI on 7th December 2022 What is the News? Around 200 bird species were documented during the Kanger Valley Bird Survey in the state’s first-ever systematic interstate bird survey. What is Kanger Valley National Park?… Continue reading Bird survey: Around 200 bird species in Kanger valley park

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Pendency falls in the rate of adoption of children two months after notification

Source: The post is based on the article “Pendency falls in the rate of adoption of children two months after notification” published in The Hindu on 7th December 2022 What is the News? Of the 905 adoption cases pending with the various courts in the country, as many as 361 adoption orders have been issued… Continue reading Pendency falls in the rate of adoption of children two months after notification

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The Great Jobs Hunt – Too few Indians are seeking work and mostly among those working quality of employment isn’t great

Source: The post is based on the article “The Great Jobs Hunt – Too few Indians are seeking work and mostly among those working quality of employment isn’t great” published in The Times of India on 7th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – Employment. Relevance: About the quality of employment. News: India’s faster GDP growth does not… Continue reading The Great Jobs Hunt – Too few Indians are seeking work and mostly among those working quality of employment isn’t great

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Maha-Nataka, Why? – Political grandstanding like that over Maharashtra, Karnataka border forgets many Indians are multilingual

Source: The post is based on the article “Maha-Nataka, Why? – Political grandstanding like that over Maharashtra, Karnataka border forgets many Indians are multilingual” published in The Times of India on 7th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 2 – Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Relevance: About the boundary dispute between Maharashtra and… Continue reading Maha-Nataka, Why? – Political grandstanding like that over Maharashtra, Karnataka border forgets many Indians are multilingual

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The pandemic’s big disruption of schooling calls for close analysis

Source: The post is based on the article “The pandemic’s big disruption of schooling calls for close analysis” published in the Livemint on 7th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 2 – Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education. Relevance: About attaining universal elementary education. News: Despite the enactment of the Right to… Continue reading The pandemic’s big disruption of schooling calls for close analysis

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[Kurukshetra December Summary] Bridging the Digital Divide – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Implementing e-governance to empower the population and promote economic growth is a big challenge in large and diversified country like India. The integration of technology-enabled communication and data driven governance along with internet and mobile technology has laid the foundation of efficient governance. e-Governance improves transparency of all operational processes.… Continue reading [Kurukshetra December Summary] Bridging the Digital Divide – Explained, pointwise

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Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 7th, 2022

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 7th, 2022

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Counting India’s poor: Numbers suggest the need for a welfare state

Source– The post is based on the article “Counting India’s poor: Numbers suggest the need for a welfare state ” published in The Indian Express on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Poverty and hunger Relevance– Estimation of poverty News– The article explains the issues of estimation of poverty in India and its implications for government.… Continue reading Counting India’s poor: Numbers suggest the need for a welfare state

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Reforming distorted markets will enhance India competitiveness

Source– The post is based on the article “Reforming distorted markets will enhance India competitiveness” published in the mint on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy and growth Relevance– Economic policy for better growth and related issues News– The article explains the competitiveness related issues of Indian economy How has the competitiveness of the… Continue reading Reforming distorted markets will enhance India competitiveness

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India’s G20 Presidency: Championing the Global South

Source– The post is based on the article “India’s G20 Presidency: Championing the Global South” published in The Indian Express on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- International relations Relevance– Global south and India News– The article explains the renewed interest of international politics for the global south. It also explains India ‘s new perspective for… Continue reading India’s G20 Presidency: Championing the Global South

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No uniformity in parole and furlough rules

Source– The post is based on the article “No uniformity in parole and furlough rules” published in The Hindu on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Judiciary Relevance– Criminal justice system News– The article explains the issues related to the system of Parole and Furlough followed by states. What are legal provisions related to Parole and… Continue reading No uniformity in parole and furlough rules

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Faith and freedom -Freedom of religion is protected when state keeps away from matters of faith

Source: The post is based on an article “Faith and freedom -Freedom of religion is protected when state keeps away from matters of faith” published in The Hindu on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS 2 – Governance Relevance: concerns associated with anti-conversion law in Gujarat News:  The article discusses the tussle between Gujarat government and High Court regarding… Continue reading Faith and freedom -Freedom of religion is protected when state keeps away from matters of faith

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The lingering crisis of labour post-pandemic

Source: The post is based on an article “The lingering crisis of labour post-pandemic” published in The Hindu on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Economic Development Relevance: rising income inequalities post-pandemic News:  Global Wage Report 2022-2023 and Asia-Pacific Employment and Social Outlook 2022 are the two reports released by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) recently. Both… Continue reading The lingering crisis of labour post-pandemic

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About energy transition: A slow and flawed transition

Source: The post is based on the article “A slow and flawed transition” published in the Business Standard on 6th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – Energy. Relevance: About the energy transition. News: The developed world has reduced its primary energy consumption and they are working on an energy transition. They shift most of the energy-intensive manufacturing… Continue reading About energy transition: A slow and flawed transition

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DESH & ‘videsh’ – The proposed Bill will create asymmetries

Source: The post is based on the article “DESH & ‘videsh’ – The proposed Bill will create asymmetries” published in the Business Standard on 6th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Relevance: About the draft DESH Bill. News: The finance ministry has reportedly raised concerns about the… Continue reading DESH & ‘videsh’ – The proposed Bill will create asymmetries

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Climate talks as shortchanging international law

Source: The post is based on the following articles “Climate talks as shortchanging international law” published in The Hindu on 6th November 2022. “Climate finance must take centre-stage in global action” published in the Livemint on 6th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – Climate Change. Relevance: About the climate negotiations. News: In the climate negotiations areas of interest… Continue reading Climate talks as shortchanging international law

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Impacts of India-UK FTA: Nothing So Great About Free Trade With Great Britain

Source: The post is based on the article “Nothing So Great About Free Trade With Great Britain” published in The Times of India on 6th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 2 – Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Relevance: About India-UK FTA negotiation. News: Recently the possibilities for India-UK free trade… Continue reading Impacts of India-UK FTA: Nothing So Great About Free Trade With Great Britain

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