9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief – November 18th, 2022

Dear Friends,

We have initiated some changes in the 9 PM Brief and other postings related to current affairs. What we sought to do:

  1. Ensure that all relevant facts, data, and arguments from today’s newspaper are readily available to you.
  2. We have widened the sources to provide you with content that is more than enough and adds value not just for GS but also for essay writing. Hence, the 9 PM brief now covers the following newspapers:
    1. The Hindu  
    2. Indian Express  
    3. Livemint  
    4. Business Standard  
    5. Times of India 
    6. Down To Earth
    7. PIB
  3. We have also introduced the relevance part to every article. This ensures that you know why a particular article is important.
  4. Since these changes are new, so initially the number of articles might increase, but they’ll go down over time.
  5. It is our endeavor to provide you with the best content and your feedback is essential for the same. We will be anticipating your feedback and ensure the blog serves as an optimal medium of learning for all the aspirants.
    • For previous editions of 9 PM BriefClick Here
    • For individual articles of 9 PM BriefClick Here

Current Affairs Compilations for UPSC IAS Prelims 2022

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 2

GS Paper 3

Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 2


New UGC rules will ensure more of our brightest students can get into PhD programmes at an early age

Source– The post is based on the article “New UGC rules will ensure more of our brightest students can get into PhD programmes at an early age” published in The Indian Express on 18th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS2- Issue related to development and management of education

Relevance: Higher education

News-  The article explains the new UGC rules for PhD programmes.

What are the new regulations of UGC related to PhD?

As per NEP 2020, the four-year undergraduate programme offers an honours degree, with the last year dedicated to research or an honours degree with a primary focus on coursework. The new regulations will permit students from both categories to join PhD degree programmes offered by higher educational institutions

Anyone who has completed a four-year bachelor’s degree programme in any discipline with a minimum of 75 per cent marks in aggregate or its equivalent grade is eligible for a PhD programme. UGC prescribes only the minimum qualifications for admission to a PhD programme. Universities can raise the bar to ensure that only the deserving are admitted to PhD programmes.

What is the rationale behind this move of UGC?

It is not true that PhDs who have bypassed the PG degree will have inadequate knowledge of the core discipline, which will lead to degrading teaching or research standards. There are many such examples from top institutes such as IITs, Purdue, and MIT.

Our admission processes are by elimination rather than selection due to intense competition. It generates a huge pool of highly talented students who could not get into top HEIs as part of the university system. Once we provide the opportunity for these students to move into a PhD programme after their UG degree, they will have the chance to be outstanding teachers or researchers.

There is an erroneous belief that UGC has done this to produce more PhDs. The goal of UGC in permitting students after a UG degree into PhD programmes is not numbers but quality.

The four-year bachelor’s degree programme introduced in our university system is designed to equip the students with complex problem-solving, critical thinking, creative thinking and communication skills. This training will lead to rigorous specialisation in a chosen disciplinary or interdisciplinary major and minor subject area.

A research study on the Nobel Prizes in chemistry, physiology, or medicine between 1901 and 2003 indicates that the majority of the winners who discovered their prize-winning results were aged between 31 and 40. Our creativity declines with ageing in most of us.


The uplink-downlink puzzle

Source: The post is based on an article “The uplink-downlink puzzle” published in Business Standard on 18th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS 2- Governance

Relevance: concerns associated with New Guidelines for TV channels

News: The government has recently come with the guidelines for uplinking and downlinking of satellite television channels in India.

What do the guidelines say?

It states that a broadcaster who uplinks a channel from India and then downlinks it for broadcast here will have to broadcast for 30 minutes in a day on themes of national interest and social relevance.

The guidelines include news and non-news channels for broadcasting themes of national interest.

It has also done away with approval for every live event and also allows limited liability partnerships (LLPs) companies for uplinking foreign channels from Indian teleport.

What has been the stand of government regarding these guidelines?

The government used the SC judgment of 1995 which said that “airwaves are public property” to justify its stand.

However, the judgment only specifies the “public trust doctrine” which makes the state as a trustee of public resources and directs the State functionary to be transparent in dealing with public resources.

Therefore, using this doctrine for private TV channels is a misinterpretation of the judgment. Moreover, there are concerns associated with the current guidelines.

What are the concerns?

India wants to become a hub like Singapore but its process is not as easy as Singapore offers. For example, applications for registration have been made online but the process is not online end-to-end.

The process has been made for easing of permissions but Indian board control and trademark registration is required. It also does not provide ease of operation for foreign companies like Singapore does.

Due to these regulatory compliances only 22 channels use India as an uplink hub against a few thousand from Singapore.

According to MIB data, over 772 channels are uplinked out of India but these are downlinked and broadcasted within India.

What was the need of these guidelines?

Cable/DTH is facing tough competition as viewers are moving away from it to OTT platforms, free-to-air television and free OTT.

Further, online streaming platforms such YouTube, Instagram and others have seen a rise in viewers. Google and Meta take away roughly 70 percent of all digital advertising due to their large number of viewers.

The pandemic also put pressure on ad revenues of the TV channels and the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India’s (Trai’s) pricing mechanism for channels has put pressure on pay revenues.

These issues have led to the merger of TV channels such as Disney-Star, Zee-Sony.

Therefore, this policy addresses these concerns by providing ease of compliances, ease of doing business and making India a teleport hub.


Opaque political financing could cost democracy dear

Source– The post is based on the article “Opaque political financing could cost democracy dear” published in The Hindu on 18th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS2-Polity

Relevance: Electoral Bonds

News- The article explains the issue related to political financing.

What is the issue all about?

The discourse around political finance in India usually revolves around the issue of corruption.Introduction of electoral bonds is either presented as a pious instrument for ‘cleansing’ politics or as a mechanism for legitimating ‘institutionalised corruption’.

It precludes any focus on the structural relationship between the nature of political funding and the shape of our political system. Corruption is merely one symptom of this structural relationship, rather than being a driving factor.

What is the role of political financing in political competition?

One, the degree of transparency of political funding informs the efficacy of institutional safeguards. For example, the inherent opacity of electoral bonds renders the power of the Election Commission of India (ECI) irrelevant in terms of ensuring a level-playing field  between the ruling and the Opposition parties.

Second, the extent to which political funding is centralised within a party determines whether power in the party is drawn from organisational structures or exercised in a personalistic manner. For example, membership-funded parties such as the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and the Bahujan Samaj Party of an earlier era were highly organised parties where leaders wielded power in a responsive, programmatic manner.

Third, the political financing regime also shapes the role of ideas in grounding political competition. But, when political finance is anchored to a narrow concentration of economic capital, the ideological basis of political competition tends to become severely corroded.

What are the  impacts of electoral bonds on political competition?

One, the design of electoral bonds, perhaps more than any other instrument of political finance, leans to the advantage of the ruling party.

The ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 2019-20 got over 75% of the total electoral bonds sold, as opposed to the meagre 9% share of the Congress, according to ECI data.

Second, electoral bonds centralise political funding towards the national units of political parties, further entrenching the leverage of national leadership over the State and local units.

As a reply to a Right To Information (RTI) query revealed, out of the ₹5,851 crore of electoral bonds sold in 2018-19, 80% of the bonds were redeemed in Delhi.

What is the way forward?

The new political financing regime should build on the political pathologies already prevalent in our system that is crumbling organisations, political centralisation, a business-politics compact fuelled by rent seeking and cronyism rather than creating them from scratch.

It is important that independent institutions such as the ECI and the Supreme Court of India step in to layer the seeming black hole of electoral bonds with a minimum level of institutional safeguards.

Otherwise this “reform” of political finance goes down in history as a significant marker in our story of democratic decline.


Weighing in on PMGKAY, the free grains scheme

Source– The post is based on the article “Weighing in on PMGKAY, the free grains scheme” published in The Hindu on 18th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS2- Welfare Schemes

Relevance: Implementation of schemes

News- The article explains the issue related to welfare schemes.

What are the provisions of PMGKAY?

It is aimed at providing an additional allocation of foodgrains (rice or wheat) from the central pool at five kilograms per person per month free of cost.

The PMGKAY benefits cardholders of the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) and Priority Households (PHH) categories, both falling under the National Food Security Act (NFSA). This is over and above the regular monthly quota under the NFSA, i.e., 35 kg per month per family for AAY and 5 kg per month per person for PHH.

The PMGKAY covers even Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) beneficiaries.

What are the reasons for extending this scheme?

The extension of the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY), a scheme to distribute free foodgrains to the poor, for another three months, comes as a surprise for many reasons.

First, in the months prior to the latest extension made in late September 2022, there was much debate on the relevance of freebies.

Second, there were reports in June that the Expenditure Department at the Centre did not favour it, citing a funds crunch.

It also held the view that such a scheme was no longer needed “in non-pandemic times”.

However,this has to be viewed in the context of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, raging since February 2022, and its adverse impact on the world’s food and energy sectors.

Government’s reason was that it wanted to support the poor and the vulnerable, estimated to be 80 crore during the festive season.

Critics of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party point out that the scheme’s extension is with an eye on the Assembly elections in Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat, respectively.

What are the achievements associated with this scheme?

Policymakers and experts concede that the scheme made a difference to food security and public health during the pandemic.

From the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Food and Public Distribution or the authors of an IMF-published working paper, “Pandemic, Poverty, and Inequality: Evidence from India” the scheme has received commendation.

What is the way forward?

The central authorities should commission a study and make its findings public.

To keep the budgetary allocation under control, rules on quota for rice or wheat can be changed suitably.

The central and State authorities need to ponder over the scheme’s continuance, given the chronic problem of diversion from the Public Distribution System (PDS).

The proposed study should be the basis for updating the database of foodgrain,drawing card holders, scrutinising the data critically and zeroing in on the needy.

The task should not be onerous, given the widespread application of technological tools in the PDS .

The culture of providing essential commodities free of cost at the drop of a hat has to go.

The elimination of the problem of diversion of foodgrains has to be taken up with renewed vigour as farmers toil hard in the fields to produce the grains and many deserving persons remain outside the food security net.


Why our obsession with ranking universities does more harm than good

Source– The post is based on the article “Why our obsession with ranking universities does more harm than good” published in The Indian Express on 18th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS2- Issue related to development and management of education

Relevance: Higher education

News- The article explains the issue related to our continued obsession with ranking universities.

What are the issues related to ranking universities?

The universities that occupy no significant place in the list suffer from chronic anxiety. They are compelled to feel a sense of “lagging behind”. It leads to their stigmatisation by people.

We are preoccupied with the “value-neutral” scale of ranking. In this process, most of us will lose the moral courage to problematize this scale and reimagine the relationship between the university and the world.

Universities become more concerned about showcasing their products through the numbers, calculations, tables. These numbers include citations per paper, papers per faculty, proportion of international students, employer reputation, faculty-student ratio or international research network.

While the statisticians can quantify the papers per faculty, they are incapable of understanding the relevance of these papers, even if published in “international” journals. It is difficult to tell whether these tools are really contributing to the development of refreshingly new ideas in natural and social sciences, and simultaneously enhancing the ethical conscience of the world.

In this academic race for publications, citations and international networking, professors have mastered the technique of indulging themselves in the practice of  manufacturing papers. They are capable of managing the cleverly developed circuits of networking for enhancing the citations.

What is the way forward?

Good universities need to equate knowledge with awakened intelligence. It should aim at uniting engaged pedagogy and meaningful research.

It must nurture sensitive and compassionate learners. These learners should sharpen their academic skills in the process of eradicating social evils like caste, patriarchy, racism and religious bigotry; and

It should equate knowledge with wisdom. The wisdom needs to redefine the meaning of research in science, technology, economics and sociology to strive for an egalitarian, ecologically sensitive and spiritually elevated world.

GS Paper 3


COP27: To decarbonise by 2050, India needs investments of at least $7 trn

Source: The post is based on an article “COP27: To decarbonise by 2050, India needs investments of at least $7 trn” published in Business Standard on 18th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS 3- Climate Change

Relevance: concerns associated with transition from fuel-based economy to green economy.

News: India’s transition from fuel-based economy to a green economy and achieving net zero by 2070 is based on multiple factors and challenges.

What are the climate targets set by India?

India announced its goal to become a net-zero emitter by 2070 last year at COP26. It will be the last major economy to get there.

India has committed to reduce its power generation by half from fossil fuel-based plants by 2030. Thus, achieving a 45 per cent reduction in emissions intensity from 2005 levels. However, there are challenges in achieving these.

What are the challenges with India?

Investment: Power, industry and agriculture are the three major sectors that emit around 80 percent of the carbon emission. India is also currently the world’s third largest emitter of CO2 even though its emission per capita is less than the US and China.

Further, India has the second highest emissions intensity or volume of emissions per unit of GDP after Russia. The US and Japan by comparison are lower.

Therefore, decarbonizing the economy will require investments of $7-12 trillion until 2050 which is around 6 percent of GDP.

Economic growth: India’s economy is expected to grow further by 2070 and this will increase demand across power and steel sectors which would ultimately increase the greenhouse gas emission.

About 70 percent of India’s emissions are driven by six sectors: power, steel, automotive, aviation, cement and agriculture. Out of these electricity generation contributes 34 per cent, industry at 28 per cent and agriculture at 18 per cent.

Therefore, India would need to create 500 Gw of non-fossil fuel-based plants to achieve net zero.

Changing Priorities: Electric vehicles (EVs) are effective only if they are powered by renewables and not coal. Vehicular emission in India only accounts for 9 per cent of total greenhouse gas emissions.

Therefore, there is a need to look at bigger emitters of greenhouse gas such as power, agriculture, etc.

Moreover, India has reduced the emissions intensity by 1.3 percent of GDP per year over the last decade. However, this speed of reduction is not enough.

What is the way forward?

First, India needs proper implementation of the existing policies because climate action must match with the intensity of the climate crisis.

Second, India needs to increase its renewable capacity by five times to 50 Gw per year in 2030 and nine times a year in 2040 to achieve net zero by 2070.

Third, all two-wheelers, three-wheelers and light truck sales may need to be electric early in the next decade and all car sales electric by 2035.

  • The cost of the battery needs to decline by 40 percent in 2030 and charging stations would need to increase 40 times by 2040 to boost the sales of EVs.

Fourth, the government should provide subsidies to green hydrogen along with carbon pricing.

However, there will be challenges with this transition as employment, tax revenues from the automotive fuel would decline with increased issues on land acquisition for renewable plants.


Three decades after military opened doors to women, they remain at courts’ mercy

Source– The post is based on the article “Three decades after military opened doors to women, they remain at courts’ mercy” published in The Indian Express on 18th November 2022.

Syllabus: GS3- Security

Relevance: Women empowerment

News- The article explains the issue of women induction into armed forces.

What is the position of higher courts on this matter?

The Supreme Court yesterday directed the Centre and the Indian Air Force to consider granting Permanent Commission to 32 retired women Short Service Commission officers based on their suitability with the purpose of giving them pensionary benefits.

In 2010, Delhi HC directed the government to give permanent commission to women serving in the army.

What are steps taken by the government for induction of women into the army?

Women have been inducted into the army since 1992.

Government has followed a piecemeal approach for induction of women. It is taking decisions at various times on whether girls can enter the National Defence Academy, Sainik Schools or RIMC.

What are the issues related to women induction into the army?

Women have been allowed in combat in the Air Force, but we are yet to see women in combat roles in the army and navy. All career options in the armed forces are not offered to them.

They are not considered fit for many roles in the armed forces. There are doubts on their capabilities for core work of the army that is traditionally performed by males.

There still exist many gaps. Court has also not given full judgment about women’s induction into the army.

What is the way forward?

The military should consolidate its position on the matter. The policymakers need to go back to the drawing board and decide on all the cases as a whole rather than having to address the issue piecemeal.


Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

FDA approval for human consumption of lab-grown meat in the US

Source: The post is based on the article “FDA approval for human consumption of lab-grown meat in the US” published in Business Standard on 17th November 2022

What is the News?

The US Food and Drug Administration has given a safety clearance to lab-grown meat for the first time.

Note: Till now, Singapore was the only country to have approved the sale of cultivated meat products.

What is Lab-Grown Meat?

Lab-grown meat, which can also be referred to as cultivated or cultured meat, is real meat that’s grown directly from animal cells. This meat is made without the need to raise and slaughter animals.

How is Lab Grown Meat made?

Lab-grown meat is made by using the more-than-100-year-old technique of in vitro muscle tissue growth.

The process starts by taking a few cells from high-quality livestock animals, like a cow or chicken, and then figuring out which of those cells have the ability to multiply and form delicious meat food products.

From there, we put the cells in a clean-and-controlled environment and provide them with the essential nutrients they need to naturally replicate and mature. 

In essence, we can recreate the conditions that naturally exist inside an animal’s body so that the cells can continue growing. 

Once the meat is ready, we harvest it, process it like conventional meat products, and then package, cook or otherwise prepare it for consumption.

What are the benefits of Lab-Grown Meat?

Less contamination: Advocates of cultured meat say it’s much less likely to be infected by E. coli bacteria (which lives in animal poop) and other contaminants you might find in a meat processing plant.

Fewer antibiotics: Traditionally raised livestock are often given antibiotics to help keep them healthy. This can lead to antibiotic resistance, where the drugs don’t work as well on infections as they once did.

Less environmental impact: As global demand for meat goes up, more forested land is converted into ranches and crop fields. Cultured meat requires much less land, uses less water, and produces less pollution.

No killing of animals: While cultured meat requires a small sample of tissue, it does not require an animal to be killed.

What are the concerns related to Lab-Grown Meat?

It’s not vegan: Since lab-grown meat contains animal cells, it’s not considered vegan. 

Its price: Scientists made the first cultured meat hamburger in 2012. It cost $325,000 to create. But as technology advances, the cost of cultured meat should go down. But it will still be expensive.


Baliyatra: Celebrating Odisha’s ancient links with Indonesia and Southeast Asia

Source: The post is based on the article “Baliyatra: Celebrating Odisha’s ancient links with Indonesia and Southeast Asia” published in Indian Express on 18th November 2022

What is the News?

In his address to the Indian diaspora in Bali, Indonesia on the sidelines of the G20 summit, Prime Minister mentioned the annual Baliyatra on the banks of the Mahanadi in Odisha which celebrates the ancient trade relations between India and Indonesia.

Note: This year’s Baliyatra found a place in the Guinness World Records for achieving an impressive feat of origami, the creation of beautiful paper sculptures.

What is Baliyatra?

Baliyatra literally means ‘voyage to Bali’. It is one of the country’s largest open-air fairs organized on the banks of the Mahanadi in Cuttack, Odisha.

Purpose: The festival is organized every year to commemorate the 2,000-year-old maritime and cultural links between ancient Kalinga (today’s Odisha) and Bali and other South and Southeast Asian regions like Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Burma (Myanmar), and Ceylon (Sri Lanka).

The festival starts on the day of Kartika Purnima (full moon day in the month of Kartik i.e October-November).

What is the ancient maritime link between Odisha and Indonesia?

The Kalinga Empire (present-day Odisha) is known for its glorious maritime history. 

Due to the geographical location of Kalinga, this area saw the growth of ports as early as the 4th and 5th century BC. Some of the famous ports, Tamralipti, Manikpatna, Chelitalo, Palur, and Pithunda allowed India to connect with other countries via the sea.

The Kalingas constructed large boats called the ‘Boitas’ to trade with the Indonesian islands. 

Popular items of trade between Kalinga and Southeast Asia included pepper, cinnamon, cardamom, silk, camphor, gold, and jewellery.

The trade-in commodities also led to the interchange of ideas and beliefs. Odia merchants formed settlements in Bali and influenced its culture and ethics. 

As a result of these influences, the Balinese also celebrate Hindu Festivals such as Shivaratri, Durga Pooja, and Saraswati Pooja.

Interestingly, the ‘Masakapan ke Tukad’ festival celebrated in Bali is similar to the Bali Yatra festival in Odisha. Both festivals are celebrated in memory of their maritime ancestors.

Note: The dominance of the Kalingas over the sea routes can be understood from the fact that Kalidasa in his Raghuvamsa referred to the King of Kalinga as ‘The Lord of the Sea’.


India- Norway join hands to for a GREEN MARITIME SECTOR

Source: The post is based on the articleIndia- Norway join hands to for a GREEN MARITIME SECTORpublished in PIB on 17th November 2022

What is the News?

The 8th Norway-India Joint Working Group Maritime meeting was held in Mumbai. 

What was the purpose of the 8th Norway-India Joint Working Group Maritime meeting?

The focus of the discussion was cooperation between India and Norway for developing a green maritime future.

As a part of the cooperation, Norway will help India in realizing its maritime potential and help in creating a large pool of trained seafarers.

Discussions were also held on the use of alternative fuels like green ammonia and hydrogen for futuristic shipping. 

India is a signatory to the Hong Kong Convention for the recycling of ships. India requested that the EU regulation should not hinder ship recycling for non-European countries, which are compliant with international conventions.

India and Norway are also part of the Green Voyage 2050 project. Both countries agreed on willingness, devotion, partnership, and capacity building for achieving common goals.

What is the Green Voyage 2050 Project?

The Green Voyage 2050 Project is a partnership project between the Government of Norway and the International Maritime Organization(IMO) launched in May 2019 aiming to transform the shipping industry towards a lower carbon future. 

Objective: To support developing countries, including Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) and Least Developed Countries (LDCs), in meeting their commitment towards relevant climate change and energy efficiency goals, for international shipping.


Rhino horns trafficked with impunity: report

Source: The post is based on the article “Rhino horns trafficked with impunity: report” published in The Hindu on 17th November 2022

What is the News?

The Wildlife Justice Commission has published a report titled “Rhino horn trafficking as a form of transnational organized crime (2012–2021): 2022 Global Threat Assessment”. The report was prepared with the support of the World Wide Fund for Nature.

What are the key findings of the report?

Rhino horn seizures increased significantly in number and weight, despite a reduction in poaching.

Six countries and territories have dominated the rhino horn trafficking routes from the source to the destination locations, though more than 50 countries and territories were implicated in the transnational crime. These six countries are South Africa, Mozambique, Malaysia, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Vietnam, and China.

A third of rhino horns were smuggled unconcealed, suggesting a potential reliance on corruption to move shipments along the supply chain.

There are various types of crime convergence associated with rhino horn trafficking. The seizure data indicate that there could be crime convergence with firearms, illicit drugs, and other commodities in approximately 10% of cases.

What are the recommendations given by the report?

Countries need to treat wildlife crime as a transnational organized crime.

All countries along the trafficking routes need to coordinate their action to address corruption that undermines many law enforcement efforts.  

What is the Wildlife Justice Commission?

The Wildlife Justice Commission was set up in 2015.

It is an independent, not-for-profit organization operating globally to disrupt and help dismantle organized transnational criminal networks trading in wildlife, timber, and fish.

Headquarters: The Hague, Netherlands.


Union Minister for Environment Forest and Climate Change participates in a session on “Accelerating Resilient Infrastructure in Small Island Developing States (SIDS)” at COP 27

Source: The post is based on the articleUnion Minister for Environment Forest and Climate Change participates in a session on “Accelerating Resilient Infrastructure in Small Island Developing States (SIDS)” at COP 27” published in PIB on 17th November 2022

What is the News?

The Union Minister for Environment Forest and Climate Change has addressed a session on Accelerating Resilient Infrastructure in Small Island Developing States(SIDS).

What are the key highlights from his address?

India’s low per capita emissions: The Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC) states that the responsibility for warming is directly proportional to the contribution to cumulative emissions of carbon dioxide.

If we consider per capita emissions for an objective scale for comparison, India’s emissions are even today about one-third of the global average.If the entire world were to emit at the same per capita level as India there would be no climate crisis.

Note: According to a  United Nations Environment Programme(UNEP) report, India’s per capita greenhouse gas emissions at 2.4 tCO2e (tonne carbon dioxide equivalent) is far below the world average of 6.3 tCO2e.

– Per capita emissions in the US (14 tCO2e) are far above the global average followed by Russia (13 tCO2e), China (9.7 tCO2e), Brazil and Indonesia (around 7.5 tCO2e each) and the European Union (7.2 tCO2e).

India’s Vulnerability to Climate disasters: ​​India with over 7,500 km of coastline and more than 1,000 islands in the surrounding seas and a large coastal population dependent on the sea for livelihood is a highly vulnerable nation on the global scale.For instance, India recorded 1,058 climatic disasters between 1995 and 2020.

What is Infrastructure for Resilient Island States(IRIS) Initiative?

Click Here to read


To globalize or not: Everything you need to know about friendshoring

Source: The post is based on the article “To globalize or not: Everything you need to know about friendshoring” published in Business Standard on 17th November 2022

What is the News?

The US secretary of treasury has pushed for “friendshoring” to diversify trade away from countries that are present at geopolitical risk.

What is Friendshoring?

Friendshoring is also called allyshoring.

It is a strategy where a country sources raw materials, components, and even manufactured goods from countries that share its values. The dependence on the countries considered a “threat” to the stability of the supply chains is slowly reduced.

Example: Friendshoring is already visible, with Western companies diversifying supply chains and investing beyond China. For instance, Apple’s announcement to shift its iPhone manufacturing facilities from China to India.

What are the implications of Friendshoring?

Firstly, friendshoring may push the world towards a more isolated place for trade and reverse the gains of globalization. It is a part of the “de-globalization” process.

Secondly, one of the important things about the global supply chain is that it allows firms to manufacture goods wherever it is cheapest. Hence, the final products become more affordable and consumers are benefited. With friendshoring, there can be a change in the dynamics of the global supply chain, restricting manufacturers and ultimately increasing costs for consumers.


Indian PM gifts Italian PM a Patan Patola scarf: What is the ancient Gujarat art form

Source: The post is based on the article “Indian PM gifts Italian PM a Patan Patola scarf: What is the ancient Gujarat art form” published in Indian Express on 17th November 2022

What is the News? 

The Prime Minister of India gifted a ‘Patan Patola’ scarf to the Prime Minister of Italy at the G20 summit.

What is Patan Patola?

Source: ANI

Patola is a double ikat woven fabric, usually made from silk in Patan (North Gujarat).

Note: Ikat, or ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employ resist dyeing on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric.

Origin: The ancient art of Patola dates back to the 11th century. It has its origins in an intricate and difficult technique of dyeing or knot dyeing, known as ‘bandhani’, on the warp and weft separately before weaving.

GI Tag: It received a Geographical Indication(GI) tag in 2013.

Practised by: One of the major practitioners of the Patola art form is the Salvi family from North Gujarat.

Making of Patola: Patola is woven on primitive hand-operated harness looms made out of rosewood and bamboo strips. The loom lies on a slant.

– The process is labour-intensive, time-consuming, and requires a high order of skill and expertise

– Wearing a Patola is considered a matter of pride, and this fabric has largely remained inaccessible to common people because of its high price.

Significance: In 1342 AD, the foreign traveller Ibn Batuta carried patolas as gifts to many kings. They were amply used in the 17th and 18th centuries as precious gift items.


A green tax would help augment government revenue

Source: The post is based on the article “A green tax would help augment government revenue” published in the Livemint on 8th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Relevance: About levying a green tax. News: The government has been looking at different ways of augmenting its… Continue reading A green tax would help augment government revenue

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Greening of the GST – The environmental dimension of taxes must rank high in any rate rationalisation exercise

Source: The post is based on the article “Greening of the GST – The environmental dimension of taxes must rank high in any rate rationalisation exercise” published in the Business Standard on 8th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Relevance: About greening the GST. News: As the… Continue reading Greening of the GST – The environmental dimension of taxes must rank high in any rate rationalisation exercise

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Af-Pak Again – Afghanistan is back to being a terror hub, Pakistan is in political chaos. Bad news for the world

Source: The post is based on the article “Af-Pak Again – Afghanistan is back to being a terror hub, Pakistan is in political chaos. Bad news for the world” published in The Times of India on 8th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 2 – India and its neighbourhood- relations. Relevance: About the Afghanistan-Pakistan status and the growth of… Continue reading Af-Pak Again – Afghanistan is back to being a terror hub, Pakistan is in political chaos. Bad news for the world

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

What is OpenAI’s ChatGPT chatbot, why it has become a viral sensation

Source: The post is based on the article “What is OpenAI’s ChatGPT chatbot, why it has become a viral sensation” published in Indian Express on 7th December 2022 What is the News? Artificial Intelligence(AI) research company OpenAI has announced the launch of ChatGPT. What is ChatGPT? ChatGPT is a dialogue-based AI chatbot that will understand… Continue reading What is OpenAI’s ChatGPT chatbot, why it has become a viral sensation

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Union Minister says ISRO will develop “Spatial Data Infrastructure geoportal ‘Geo-Ladakh’ for UT-Ladakh”

Source: The post is based on the article “Union Minister says ISRO will develop “Spatial Data Infrastructure geoportal ‘Geo-Ladakh’ for UT-Ladakh”” published in PIB on 7th December 2022 What is the News? The Government of the Union Territory of Ladakh has approached the Indian Institute of Remote Sensing(IIRS) for developing “Spatial Data Infrastructure geoportal ‘Geo-Ladakh’… Continue reading Union Minister says ISRO will develop “Spatial Data Infrastructure geoportal ‘Geo-Ladakh’ for UT-Ladakh”

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Plan to install 500 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030 to cost ₹2.44 trillion

Source: The post is based on the article “Plan to install 500 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030 to cost ₹2.44 trillion” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022 What is the News? The Union Ministry of Power has launched a plan “Transmission System for Integration of over 500 Gw RE Capacity by… Continue reading Plan to install 500 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030 to cost ₹2.44 trillion

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

UGC forms panel to work on textbooks in Indian languages

Source: The post is based on the article “UGC forms panel to work on textbooks in Indian languages” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022 What is the News? The University Grants Commission has held a meeting with international publishers to discuss bringing out textbooks for undergraduate courses in Indian languages. About the panel… Continue reading UGC forms panel to work on textbooks in Indian languages

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

RBI Governor delivers Bimonthly Monetary Policy Statement

Source: The post is based on the article “RBI Governor delivers Bimonthly Monetary Policy Statement” published in PIB on 8th December 2022 What is the News? The Monetary Policy Committee(MPC) of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has released its latest review of the monetary policy.  What are the key highlights from the RBI Monetary… Continue reading RBI Governor delivers Bimonthly Monetary Policy Statement

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

First data taken by the 3.6-meter telescope detects unexpected kilonova emission from ‘a long-duration gamma-ray burst’

Source: The post is based on the article “First data taken by the 3.6-meter telescope detects unexpected kilonova emission from ‘a long-duration gamma-ray burst” published in PIB on 8th December 2022 What is the News? A team of astronomers has recorded a rare astronomical event involving a compact binary merger emitting long Gamma Ray Burst(GRB)… Continue reading First data taken by the 3.6-meter telescope detects unexpected kilonova emission from ‘a long-duration gamma-ray burst’

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Koundinya sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh awaits ‘Jumbo romance‘ as an all-female herd from T.N. enters Chittoor

Source: The post is based on the article “Koundinya sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh awaits ‘Jumbo romance‘ as an all-female herd from T.N. enters Chittoor” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022 What is the News? An 18-member herd of all female elephants from the forests of Gudiyattam and Pernambattu of Tamil Nadu are currently… Continue reading Koundinya sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh awaits ‘Jumbo romance‘ as an all-female herd from T.N. enters Chittoor

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

ISRO inks MoU with Social Alpha to establish SpaceTech Innovation Network

Source: The post is based on the article “ISRO inks MoU with Social Alpha to establish SpaceTech Innovation Network” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022 What is the News? Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) and Social Alpha have signed an MoU to launch SpaceTech Innovation Network(SpIN). Note: Social Alpha is a multistage innovation curation… Continue reading ISRO inks MoU with Social Alpha to establish SpaceTech Innovation Network

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

India@75, Looking at 100: A country capable of diversity sans discrimination

Source– The post is based on the article “India@75, Looking at 100: A country capable of diversity sans discrimination” published in The Indian Express on 8th December 2022. Syllabus: GS1- Indian culture Relevance– India spiritual heritage News– The article explains the rich heritage of Bhakti tradition in India and its significance for our country. Why… Continue reading India@75, Looking at 100: A country capable of diversity sans discrimination

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Talk about coal – India must consider energy transition partnerships

Source: The post is based on the article “Talk about coal – India must consider energy transition partnerships” published in Business Standard on 8th December 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Infrastructure Relevance: Just Energy Transition Partnerships and India News:  The Indian government has refused to accept JETPs and phase out its coal dependence due to the concerned stakeholders… Continue reading Talk about coal – India must consider energy transition partnerships

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

The debate around conjugal visits for prisoners

Source– The post is based on the article “The debate around conjugal visits for prisoners” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Judiciary and significant provisions of constitution Relevance– Issues related to criminal justice system News– The article explains the issue of conjugal visits for inmates. The State of Punjab has allowed… Continue reading The debate around conjugal visits for prisoners

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Need for an effective tourist police

Source– The post is based on the article “Need for an effective tourist police” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors Relevance– Issues related to tourism sector News– The article explains the issue of tourist safety in India. A few days ago, a… Continue reading Need for an effective tourist police

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

BIMSTEC as key to a new South Asian regional order

Source– The post is based on the article “BIMSTEC as key to a new South Asian regional order” published in The Hindu on 8th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Regional grouping Relevance–  BIMSTEC News– The article explains the importance of BIMSTEC and scope for improvement in its working. It also explains the weaknesses of SAARC. What… Continue reading BIMSTEC as key to a new South Asian regional order

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Slum Redevelopment in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Government of Maharashtra has given a go-ahead for the Dharavi Slum Redevelopment Project in Mumbai. Dharavi has often been referred to as the ‘largest slum’ in Asia. Slums seem to be an integral part of India’s urban landscape. Slum are symptomatic of several deficiencies like lack of urban planning,… Continue reading Slum Redevelopment in India – Explained, pointwise

Posted in 7 PM, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 8th, 2022

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 8th, 2022

Posted in Must Read News Articles|Leave a comment

Why and how the Supreme Court should recognise same-sex marriage

Source– The post is based on the article “Why and how the Supreme Court should recognise same-sex marriage” published in The Indian Express on 7th December 2022. Syllabus: GS1- Social empowerment. GS2- Vulnerable sections Relevance– Issues related to LGBT News– The article explains the issue of same-sex marriages. Recently petitions were filed in higher courts… Continue reading Why and how the Supreme Court should recognise same-sex marriage

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Denting democracy – On judicial appointments

Source– The post is based on the article “Denting democracy” published in the Business Standard on 7th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Judiciary Relevance– Judicial appointment News– The article explains the issue of appointment of judges by Collegium. Recently, a Bench of the SC expressed anguish at the government sitting on Collegium recommendations for fresh appointments.… Continue reading Denting democracy – On judicial appointments

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Fixing gas prices

Source– The post is based on the article “Fixing gas prices” published in the Business Standard on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS3- Infrastructure- Energy Relevance– Petroleum and gas sector News– The article explains the issue of gas pricing in India. What are the commendations of Kirit Parekh for gas pricing? It has suggested a cap… Continue reading Fixing gas prices

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Scenarios for the future of India, and the world

Source– The post is based on the article “Scenarios for the future of India, and the world” published in The Hindu on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy and development Relevance– Scenario of economic growth and development News– The article explains the possible scenarios for growth and development of the Indian economy. It also… Continue reading Scenarios for the future of India, and the world

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

The GM mustard debate

Source: The post is based on an article “The GM mustard debate” published in The Indian Express on 7th December 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Science and Technology Relevance: concerns associated with GM crops News: The government had cleared the environmental release of a genetically modified (GM) variety of mustard, DMH-11, recently which has been opposed by the… Continue reading The GM mustard debate

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Delhi choking, but do not blame stubble burning alone

Source: The post is based on the article “Delhi choking, but do not blame stubble burning alone” published in The Hindu on 7th December 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment Relevance: concerns and measures needed to address air pollution in Delhi News:  The pollution in Delhi every year around winter is a serious concern that needs to be… Continue reading Delhi choking, but do not blame stubble burning alone

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

India prioritises engaging Lusophone world to tap potential

Source: The post is based on the article “India prioritises engaging Lusophone world to tap potential” published in Indian Express on 6th December 2022 What is the News? The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) in partnership with the Indian Council of Cultural Relations (ICCR) and the Government of Goa is organizing the International Lusophone Festival… Continue reading India prioritises engaging Lusophone world to tap potential

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: IR, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Only 31% women own mobile phones, says Oxfam report on India digital divide

Source: The post is based on the article “Only 31% women own mobile phones, says Oxfam report on India digital divide” published in Hindustan Times on 7th December 2022 What is the News? Oxfam has released a report titled ‘India Inequality Report 2022: Digital Divide’. The report highlights the extent of the digital divide in… Continue reading Only 31% women own mobile phones, says Oxfam report on India digital divide

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Index | Reports | Summits, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Semeru Volcano: Alert at highest level in Indonesia as volcano erupts

Source: The post is based on the article “Semeru Volcano: Alert at highest level in Indonesia as volcano erupts” published in Indian Express on 6th December 2022 What is the News? Semeru volcano has erupted in Indonesia’s Eastern Java Island. What is Mount Semeru? Mount Semeru is an active volcano located in East Java, Indonesia.… Continue reading Semeru Volcano: Alert at highest level in Indonesia as volcano erupts

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Geography in News, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

What is St Edward’s Crown, to be worn by King Charles III on his coronation?

Source: The post is based on the article “What is St Edward’s Crown, to be worn by King Charles III on his coronation?” published in Indian Express on 7th December 2022 What is the News? Since King Charles III of England was made monarch in September, there has been anticipation over his coronation ceremony and… Continue reading What is St Edward’s Crown, to be worn by King Charles III on his coronation?

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: IR, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Explained | Why is Europe worried about the U.S Inflation Reduction Act?

Source: The post is based on the article “Explained | Why is Europe worried about the U.S Inflation Reduction Act?” published in The Hindu on 7th December 2022 What is the News? French President has raised concerns over the US Inflation Reduction Act(IRA) which European countries believe is discriminatory to non-American companies.  What is the… Continue reading Explained | Why is Europe worried about the U.S Inflation Reduction Act?

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: IR, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Curbing terror in Afghanistan, enhancing connectivity key to India-Central Asia security: NSA Doval

Source: The post is based on the article “Curbing terror in Afghanistan, enhancing connectivity key to India-Central Asia security: NSA Doval” published in The Hindu on 7th December 2022 What is the News? For the first time, India hosted a meeting of top security officials of Central Asia with a focus on the evolving security… Continue reading Curbing terror in Afghanistan, enhancing connectivity key to India-Central Asia security: NSA Doval

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: IR, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Calling Name Presentation(CNAP): How is TRAI proposing to help callers identify spammers?

Source: The post is based on the article “How is TRAI proposing to help callers identify spammers?” published in The Hindu on 7th December 2022 What is the News? The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has floated a consultation paper seeking comments about the potential introduction of a Calling Name Presentation (CNAP) feature.  What… Continue reading Calling Name Presentation(CNAP): How is TRAI proposing to help callers identify spammers?

Posted in Daily Factly articles, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Bird survey: Around 200 bird species in Kanger valley park

Source: The post is based on the article “Bird survey: Around 200 bird species in Kanger valley park” published in TOI on 7th December 2022 What is the News? Around 200 bird species were documented during the Kanger Valley Bird Survey in the state’s first-ever systematic interstate bird survey. What is Kanger Valley National Park?… Continue reading Bird survey: Around 200 bird species in Kanger valley park

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Pendency falls in the rate of adoption of children two months after notification

Source: The post is based on the article “Pendency falls in the rate of adoption of children two months after notification” published in The Hindu on 7th December 2022 What is the News? Of the 905 adoption cases pending with the various courts in the country, as many as 361 adoption orders have been issued… Continue reading Pendency falls in the rate of adoption of children two months after notification

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

The Great Jobs Hunt – Too few Indians are seeking work and mostly among those working quality of employment isn’t great

Source: The post is based on the article “The Great Jobs Hunt – Too few Indians are seeking work and mostly among those working quality of employment isn’t great” published in The Times of India on 7th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – Employment. Relevance: About the quality of employment. News: India’s faster GDP growth does not… Continue reading The Great Jobs Hunt – Too few Indians are seeking work and mostly among those working quality of employment isn’t great

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Maha-Nataka, Why? – Political grandstanding like that over Maharashtra, Karnataka border forgets many Indians are multilingual

Source: The post is based on the article “Maha-Nataka, Why? – Political grandstanding like that over Maharashtra, Karnataka border forgets many Indians are multilingual” published in The Times of India on 7th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 2 – Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Relevance: About the boundary dispute between Maharashtra and… Continue reading Maha-Nataka, Why? – Political grandstanding like that over Maharashtra, Karnataka border forgets many Indians are multilingual

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

The pandemic’s big disruption of schooling calls for close analysis

Source: The post is based on the article “The pandemic’s big disruption of schooling calls for close analysis” published in the Livemint on 7th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 2 – Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education. Relevance: About attaining universal elementary education. News: Despite the enactment of the Right to… Continue reading The pandemic’s big disruption of schooling calls for close analysis

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

[Kurukshetra December Summary] Bridging the Digital Divide – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Implementing e-governance to empower the population and promote economic growth is a big challenge in large and diversified country like India. The integration of technology-enabled communication and data driven governance along with internet and mobile technology has laid the foundation of efficient governance. e-Governance improves transparency of all operational processes.… Continue reading [Kurukshetra December Summary] Bridging the Digital Divide – Explained, pointwise

Posted in 7 PM, PUBLIC, Yojana and Kurukshetra Summary|Leave a comment

Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 7th, 2022

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 7th, 2022

Posted in Must Read News Articles|Leave a comment

Counting India’s poor: Numbers suggest the need for a welfare state

Source– The post is based on the article “Counting India’s poor: Numbers suggest the need for a welfare state ” published in The Indian Express on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Poverty and hunger Relevance– Estimation of poverty News– The article explains the issues of estimation of poverty in India and its implications for government.… Continue reading Counting India’s poor: Numbers suggest the need for a welfare state

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Reforming distorted markets will enhance India competitiveness

Source– The post is based on the article “Reforming distorted markets will enhance India competitiveness” published in the mint on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS3- Indian economy and growth Relevance– Economic policy for better growth and related issues News– The article explains the competitiveness related issues of Indian economy How has the competitiveness of the… Continue reading Reforming distorted markets will enhance India competitiveness

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

India’s G20 Presidency: Championing the Global South

Source– The post is based on the article “India’s G20 Presidency: Championing the Global South” published in The Indian Express on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- International relations Relevance– Global south and India News– The article explains the renewed interest of international politics for the global south. It also explains India ‘s new perspective for… Continue reading India’s G20 Presidency: Championing the Global South

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

No uniformity in parole and furlough rules

Source– The post is based on the article “No uniformity in parole and furlough rules” published in The Hindu on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Judiciary Relevance– Criminal justice system News– The article explains the issues related to the system of Parole and Furlough followed by states. What are legal provisions related to Parole and… Continue reading No uniformity in parole and furlough rules

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Faith and freedom -Freedom of religion is protected when state keeps away from matters of faith

Source: The post is based on an article “Faith and freedom -Freedom of religion is protected when state keeps away from matters of faith” published in The Hindu on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS 2 – Governance Relevance: concerns associated with anti-conversion law in Gujarat News:  The article discusses the tussle between Gujarat government and High Court regarding… Continue reading Faith and freedom -Freedom of religion is protected when state keeps away from matters of faith

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

The lingering crisis of labour post-pandemic

Source: The post is based on an article “The lingering crisis of labour post-pandemic” published in The Hindu on 6th December 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Economic Development Relevance: rising income inequalities post-pandemic News:  Global Wage Report 2022-2023 and Asia-Pacific Employment and Social Outlook 2022 are the two reports released by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) recently. Both… Continue reading The lingering crisis of labour post-pandemic

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

About energy transition: A slow and flawed transition

Source: The post is based on the article “A slow and flawed transition” published in the Business Standard on 6th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – Energy. Relevance: About the energy transition. News: The developed world has reduced its primary energy consumption and they are working on an energy transition. They shift most of the energy-intensive manufacturing… Continue reading About energy transition: A slow and flawed transition

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

DESH & ‘videsh’ – The proposed Bill will create asymmetries

Source: The post is based on the article “DESH & ‘videsh’ – The proposed Bill will create asymmetries” published in the Business Standard on 6th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. Relevance: About the draft DESH Bill. News: The finance ministry has reportedly raised concerns about the… Continue reading DESH & ‘videsh’ – The proposed Bill will create asymmetries

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Climate talks as shortchanging international law

Source: The post is based on the following articles “Climate talks as shortchanging international law” published in The Hindu on 6th November 2022. “Climate finance must take centre-stage in global action” published in the Livemint on 6th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 3 – Climate Change. Relevance: About the climate negotiations. News: In the climate negotiations areas of interest… Continue reading Climate talks as shortchanging international law

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , , |Leave a comment

Impacts of India-UK FTA: Nothing So Great About Free Trade With Great Britain

Source: The post is based on the article “Nothing So Great About Free Trade With Great Britain” published in The Times of India on 6th November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 2 – Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Relevance: About India-UK FTA negotiation. News: Recently the possibilities for India-UK free trade… Continue reading Impacts of India-UK FTA: Nothing So Great About Free Trade With Great Britain

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

All India Open Test for Prelims 2023 by ForumIAS | 10th December 2022

Dear Friends, Time has come to assess your preparation of Civil Service exam. One of the major challenges in the preparation is assessment at all India level. So, one keeps on feeling under-confident or overconfident in the preparation. ForumIAS is going to conduct an All India Open Test on 10th December 2022, where many sincere candidates are… Continue reading All India Open Test for Prelims 2023 by ForumIAS | 10th December 2022

Posted in PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Paris Club proposes 10-year moratorium on Sri Lankan debt

Source: The post is based on the article “Paris Club proposes 10-year moratorium on Sri Lankan debt” published in AIR on 5th December 2022 What is the News? The Paris Club has proposed a 10-year moratorium on Sri Lankan debt and another 15 years of debt restructuring as a formula to resolve the Sri Lankan… Continue reading Paris Club proposes 10-year moratorium on Sri Lankan debt

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: IR, International Organisations, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment
Print Friendly and PDF
[social_warfare]