9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief – November 23rd, 2022

Dear Friends,

We have initiated some changes in the 9 PM Brief and other postings related to current affairs. What we sought to do:

  1. Ensure that all relevant facts, data, and arguments from today’s newspaper are readily available to you.
  2. We have widened the sources to provide you with content that is more than enough and adds value not just for GS but also for essay writing. Hence, the 9 PM brief now covers the following newspapers:
    1. The Hindu  
    2. Indian Express  
    3. Livemint  
    4. Business Standard  
    5. Times of India 
    6. Down To Earth
    7. PIB
  3. We have also introduced the relevance part to every article. This ensures that you know why a particular article is important.
  4. Since these changes are new, so initially the number of articles might increase, but they’ll go down over time.
  5. It is our endeavor to provide you with the best content and your feedback is essential for the same. We will be anticipating your feedback and ensure the blog serves as an optimal medium of learning for all the aspirants.
    • For previous editions of 9 PM BriefClick Here
    • For individual articles of 9 PM BriefClick Here

Current Affairs Compilations for UPSC IAS Prelims 2022

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 2

GS Paper 3

Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

Mains Oriented Articles

GS Paper 2

Politics over pension – on NPS

Source: The post is based on an article “Politics over pensionpublished in Business Standard on 23rd November 2022.

Syllabus: GS 2 – Governance

Relevance: concerns associated with Old Pension Scheme.

News: Punjab along with other states such as Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Jharkhand have opted to restore the Old Pension Scheme (OPS) from the current National Pension System (NPS).

What is the difference between OPS and NPS?

NPS was adopted by every state except West Bengal for the government employees who joined from 1st April 2004.

NPS and OPS both have tax benefits but the OPS is inflation-linked and there is a hike in pension every six months in the form of dearness allowance (DA).

The government bears the entire cost of the OPS whereas in NPS employees contribution is 10 percent of salary and DA and 14 percent is contributed by the government.

The funds contributed by the government and the employees are deposited in different schemes approved by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA).

The deposited fund is then invested in the equity and debt market depending on the employee’s choice and subject to guidelines. Therefore, NPS reduces financial burden on the states.

What are the problems with adopting OPS?

OPS acts as a fiscal burden on the states.

For example, Punjab’s projected expenditure on the pension for the current fiscal year is estimated at one-third the state’s own tax revenues. The liabilities would exceed the state’s own tax revenue by 46 per cent if the salaries and interest payments were added to it.

Similar is the case with Gujarat which is in better financial shape than Punjab. The pension and salary costs would amount to 72 per cent of its tax revenues.

Therefore, it is not wise to return to OPS as it acts as burden on the state government and on the taxpayers.


The ‘India pole’ in international politics

Source– The post is based on the article “The ‘India pole’ in international politics” published in The Hindu on 23rd November 2022.

Syllabus: GS2- International relations

Relevance: Foreign policy of India

News- The article explains the Indian foreign policy.

Why is India reluctant to take sides in international affairs?

The reason is that India views itself as a pole in the international system, and not as a satellite state or a camp follower.

The origins of this thought can be found in the character of the country’s long struggle for independence.

The pre and post-Independence articulations of leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru, Gandhiji, and Bal Gangadhar Tilak on international politics contained this thought.

The primacy India inherited as the legatee state of the British empire in South Asia gave strength to this thought. India’s ancient civilisational sense and the Non-Aligned Movement experiment, have contributed to India’s desire for a unique foreign policy identity.

What are the priorities of the Indian foreign policy establishment?

India’s non-alignment is often misunderstood as neutrality. However, it is not neutrality, but the ability to take a position on a given issue on a case-by-case basis.

New Delhi does not fall in line with either of the camps. India’s recent or past statements on issues of global importance like Ukraine or Iraq, North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s aerial campaign in Serbia, or UNSC shows its position.

It indicates that it tends to take positions that not just suit its interests but are also informed by its sense of being a unique player on the global stage.

What is the classic view of polarity?

The classical view of polarity is domination of the international system by the great powers. It seeks balances of power by them, and alliance-building based on ideology

What does being a pole mean for India?

India, however, has a different view of itself as a pole. It has not actively sought to dominate the South Asian regional subsystem even when it could. Its balancing behaviour has been subpar.

It has refused to build alliances in the classical sense of the term, or sought camp followers or allegiances. Even its occasional balancing behaviour was contingent on emergencies.

It believes that it has a strategic periphery in South Asia where it has a natural claim to primacy. It discourages interference by other powers in that space. It welcomes the rule of law and regional order.

What should be considered by the international community?

India is a pivotal power in the Indo-Pacific and beyond. It has the ability to help tackle security, climate and other challenges of global consequence.

Western powers must, therefore, treat India as a partner rather than as a cheerleader. They should mainstream India into global institutions such as the UNSC. It should consult India rather than dictate to India which side to take.


A solution to the problem of judicial pendency, posed by the law minister – don’t mechanically arrest a suspec

Source: The post is based on the article “A solution to the problem of judicial pendency, posed by the law minister – don’t mechanically arrest a suspect” published in the Indian Express on 23rd November.

Syllabus: GS 2- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary.

Relevance: About restricting bail pleas to trial courts alone.

News: Recently, the Union Law Minister suggested that the large number of bail pleas being filed add to the pendency in the country’s courts. To address that he suggested that these pleas should only be heard by trial courts, and should not be allowed to go to even the high courts.

About the bail pleas and pendency in India

The Chief Justice of India said that the higher judiciary is getting flooded with bail matters because of the reluctance of the district courts to grant bail.

According to the State of the Indian Judiciary Report published in 2019, a) On average, at the district court level, a case remains pending for five years or more, b) If the losing side goes up in appeal, then the average time for the case to be settled may go up to 13 years.

Read more: Pandemic blues: Lower court pendency at record 4cr nowX
What are the concerns associated with restricting bail pleas to trial courts alone?

a) It does not do anything to the pendency at the district court level, b) The law in India permits the police to arrest a person on “reasonable suspicion” of him having committed an offence. The ease with which people of India are arrested and restricting them to trial court alone for bail will violate the fundamental right to personal liberty., c) It will hamper the right to access justice, and d) Typically a criminal trial could take anything between 5-10 years in India. For under-trials, the only remedy is to keep filing bail applications. By limiting the bail pleas to trial court alone, a person might spend up to 10 years in prison despite being innocent of the crime.

Read more: Pendency of Cases of Constitutional Importance – Explained, pointwise
What needs to be done to reduce the pendency of cases?

Need to review government litigation: This is because the government is the biggest litigant in the courts. The various departments of the central and state governments are a party in 46 paper cent of all cases.

There is a serious need to review the excessive cases that are forced into the system by investigating agencies which led to unmerited arrests.

Restrict the custodial remands: As a principle of law, the “arrest” or remand of an accused should take place at the end of the investigative process, when the police are ready to confront the accused with evidence gathered and formally charge him immediately thereafter.

But in India, the purpose of “arrest” is not to ensure appearance at trial, but as to “aid investigation”. Most common law jurisdictions allow only between 12 hours to four days of pre-charge detention. But in India, a suspect may be kept in custody for up to 90 days before the police formally charge her. This should change.


Strategy to save: The National Suicide Prevention Strategy must percolate to every district

Source: The post is based on the article “Strategy to save – The National Suicide Prevention Strategy must percolate to every district” published in The Hindu on 23rd November.

Syllabus: GS 2- Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health.

Relevance: About India’s Suicide Prevention Strategy.

News: Recently, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare announced a National Suicide Prevention Strategy.

What is the National Suicide Prevention Strategy?
Read here: Union Health Ministry rolls out country’s first suicide prevention policy
What is the status of suicides in India?

In India, more than one lakh lives are lost every year to suicide. In the past three years, the suicide rate has increased from 10.2 to 11.3 per 1,00,000 population.

As per National Crime Records Bureau statistics, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal and Karnataka have the highest percentage share of suicides (2018-2020), ranging between 8% to 11%.

The most common reasons include a) Family problems and illnesses, b) Other causes include marital conflicts, love affairs, bankruptcy, substance abuse and dependence. In approximately 10% of cases, the cause of suicide remains unknown.

What is the significance of India’s Suicide Prevention Strategy?

The strategy calls attention to a) The massive burden of suicides in the country and initiates steps to achieve a reduction in suicide mortality by 10% by 2030, b) Focus on multiple sectoral collaborations to provide a cohesive strategy and achieve the intended reduction in the number of suicides, and c) Create mental health curriculum in educational institutions within the next eight years.

What needs to be done to effectively prevent suicides?

India needs to work on a) Targeted intervention programmes, and stigma reduction strategies, b) Reduce access to pesticides and alcoholism.

States need to participate enthusiastically in the rollout of the Suicide Prevention Strategy to ensure its proper implementation of the strategy in the federal country.

GS Paper 3


Smooth flow – On Inland Waterways in India

Source: The post is based on an article “Smooth flowpublished in Business Standard on 23rd November 2022.

Syllabus: GS 3 – Infrastructure

Relevance: inland waterways in India

News: The government of Uttar Pradesh has recently decided to use inland waterways to move export-bound cargo to international seaports.

It will integrate the Varanasi-Haldia inland waterway with the existing roads and highways network and help in developing a multimodal transport system in the country.

What is the present situation of inland waterways in India?

India has a huge inland waterways network which can be used for the movement of goods and passengers.

The National Waterways Act, 2016 has identified around 111 navigable water courses and declared them “national inland waterways”.

However, only 25 of them have been developed into operable water channels and out of these only 13 are being used.

Inland waterways in India are mostly unutilised for commercial purposes despite the growing need in the economy.

India lags behind the US, China and the European Union, where more than 20 percent of merchandise transportation is done through waterways.

However, India passed the Inland Vessels Act last year which is expected to leverage inland waterways in India.

What are the benefits of inland waterways?

Inland water transportation is a cheaper, convenient and environment friendly mode of transporting cargo goods.

A World Bank study has found that water transportation is about 30 per cent cheaper than railways and 60 percent less expensive than roadways.

Carbon emission is also less compared to other road transports. However, there are also few concerns associated with it.

What are the concerns?

a) Water courses need to be regularly cleaned to clear silt deposits, weeds and other obstructions, b) the loading and unloading points need to be augmented including terminal facilities for ships, and c) adequate water flows would need to be maintained in these streams at all times.


Climate change – on COP 27

Source– The post is based on the article “At COP27, one hit and many misses” and published in The Indian Express and “deja vu over the story of a calamity foretold” published in the mint on 23rd November 2022.

Syllabus: GS3- Environment degradation

News- The article explains the major developments at COP27.

What were the expectations from COP27?

COP27 would respond to the growing urgency for greater emission cuts.

It was expected that every country would be asked to strengthen their respective climate actions every year from now to 2030. As of now, the countries have to upgrade their climate actions every five years.

The fossil fuel use would be phased down.

There was hope related to inclusion of a stronger measures for pursuing the 1.5 degree Celsius target.

There should be more emphasis on adaptation. It was hoped that COP27 would make some progress on identifying the adaptation goals.

Another expectation was funding for adaptation purposes. Developing countries have been demanding that at least half of climate finance should be directed towards adaptation projects.

What are the major decisions at COP27?

There was a decision to set up a loss and damage fund.

There was agreement on wording of the implementation plan.

It was decided to continue the discussions on a work programme set up last year to urgently scale up mitigation action. COP27 decided that two global dialogues would be held each year as part of this work programme.

It quantified for the first time the financial needs for climate action. It said about USD 4 trillion had to be invested in the renewable energy sector every year till 2030 if the 2050 net zero target was to be achieved. Additionally, at least USD 4-6 trillion was required every year for global transformation to a low-carbon economy. About USD 5.9 trillion was needed by the developing countries in the pre-2030 period, just to implement their climate action plans.

The developed countries have said they will ensure the USD 100 billion flow from 2023.

An important initiative on adaptation came from the UN Secretary General. He unveiled plans of the WMO to set up early warning systems in areas that do not have them. About one-third of the world, including about 60% of Africa, is not equipped with early warning and climate information systems.

What were the disappointments at COP27?

On most other parameters, COP27 proved to be an underachiever.

With current efforts to reduce emissions, the world is headed to a temperature rise of about 3 degree Celsius from pre-industrial times by the end of this century.

There was opposition from developing countries, especially gulf countries, to phase down fossil fuels.

The Inclusion of a stronger mention of the goal of pursuing the 1.5 degree Celsius target was not agreed upon.

The issue of adaptation was not given sufficient attention. Some countries, including the United States, did promise some money. But it wasn’t more than a trickle.

the developed countries have not yet delivered on their promise to mobilise USD 100 billion every year. It should have happened in 2020. All that the COP27 final agreement did about this was to express serious concern.

The loss and damage clause raise some concerns. It leaves a lot to the imagination and good sense of rich countries. COP 27 ended without finalising the size of the funding pool, how and from where money will come from and modus for disbursing it.

Implementation plan dodged the real issues.

What is the case of India?

India has sought climate equity on behalf of developing countries.

At COP27 in Glasgow, the final agreement accepted India’s request that the text does not mention phase-out of coal but modify it to phase-down.

At COP27, India’s demand that phase-down should include all fossil fuels such as oil and gas was met with opposition from hydrocarbon rich producers and consumers.

India has been criticised by western media for its principled stand.


Deglobalisation poses a climate threat that demands attention

Source– The post is based on the article “Deglobalisation poses a climate threat that demands attention” published in the Hindu on 23rd November 2022.

Syllabus: GS3- Environment degradation

News- The article explains the impacts of deglobalisation on efforts to fight climate change.

What are the impacts of degobalisation on fighting against climate change?

Mitigation– Climate agreements will be easy to conclude if the world is not fragmented economically. It will be easy to transfer technology in exchange for emission commitment.

Free movement of people will make it easy to monitor climate actions.

Deglobalisation will hinder the production and innovation needed to replace carbon-intensive production processes with climate-friendly ones. Consider battery production for renewable energy for mitigation. Key inputs for the battery are in short supply. It needs free movement of resources to sustain the production of batteries.

Adaptation– It will be harder in a deglobalised world. New crops and technologies for adaptation will require more innovation, investment and financing. If flow of these things is impeded because of closed borders, developing countries will face difficulties in accessing them.

The surest way for developing countries to achieve more growth is export of goods and services. Protectionist measures by developed countries will impede such growth. Hence, lack of funds will limit adaptation in the developing world.

Global diversification will bring more resilience. The supply chain will have multiple suppliers. It will be easy to shift production from a climate-hit supplier to elsewhere.

Migration- If mitigation and adaptation fail, more people will be forced to migrate. Closed borders will make climate refugees more vulnerable.

Deglobalisation will hamper efforts for global agreement on climate refugees.

What is the way forward?

International community should negotiate a Geneva convention style pact. It will create safe spheres of continued global interaction that are protected from sanctions and bans in most circumstances.

We should set stringent conditions for denying countries access to global payment infrastructure and for applying sanctions.

Effective climate actions require continued globalisation.

Prelims Oriented Articles (Factly)

The SC ruling on pensions for women IAF officers

Source: The post is based on the article “The SC ruling on pensions for women IAF officers” published in The Hindu on 23rd November.

What is the News?

The Supreme Court asked the Indian Air Force (IAF) to consider the grant of pensionary benefits to 32 Short Service Commission (SSC) women officers.

About the recent court judgement

The women officers had joined the service between 1993-1998 and were granted extensions of six and four years successively before being released from service between 2006 to 2009. But they neither get any pensionary benefits nor are considered under permanent commission. So a case has been filed in court.

The court held that a) These women SSC officers had the legitimate expectation of being granted an opportunity to claim permanent commission in terms of the prevailing policy. b) These women SSC officers be considered for grant of pensionary benefits.

About women’s participation in the defence sector

Women serve as medical doctors and dentists in the Indian armed forces. Only women serve as nurses in Military Nursing Service. But, women are being inducted as jawans in the Corps of Military Police since 2019.

National Defence Academy (NDA) has started inducting women cadets from the Autumn 2022 term.

The Navy has also opened 12 branches, cadres and specialisations for women officers. It has already announced that women would be inducted as Agniveers under the Agnipath scheme.

In Air Force, women serve in all arms and services as officers in the IAF akin to their male counterparts.

What were the Supreme Court’s judgements on women officers in the defence sector?

Babita Puniya case, 2020: In this case, the Supreme Court directed that women officers in the Army should be granted permanent commission (PC) as well as command postings in all services other than combat.

Lt. Col. Nitisha vs. Union of India case, 2021: In this case, the Supreme Court held that the Army’s selective evaluation process discriminated against and disproportionately affected women officers seeking a permanent commission.


Putin unveils Russia’s ‘Arctic power’ with launch of nuclear icebreakers

Source: The post is based on the article “Putin unveils Russia’s ‘Arctic power’ with launch of nuclear icebreakers” published in The Hindu on 23rd November.

What is the News?

The Russian President unveiled two nuclear-powered icebreakers that will ensure year-round navigation in the Western Arctic.

About the new nuclear-powered icebreakers

Yakutia: It is having a 173.3-metre with a displacement of up to 33,540 tonnes. It can smash through the ice of up to three metres. It will enter service in 2024.

Rossiya: It is a super-powerful nuclear 209-metre icebreaker. It has a displacement of up to 71,380 tonnes which would be completed by 2027. It will be able to break through ice four metres thick.

Two other icebreakers in the same series, the Arktika and the Sibir, are already in service. Another icebreaker Chukotka, is scheduled for 2026.

These are part of Russia’s large-scale, systematic work to re-equip and replenish the domestic icebreaker fleet, to strengthen Russia’s status as a great Arctic power.

Significance: a) According to Russia such icebreakers were of strategic importance for the country. b) They are needed for the study and development of the Arctic, and c) They will help in ensuring safe, sustainable navigation in the Arctic region.

What is the significance of the Arctic region?

The Arctic is taking on greater strategic significance due to climate change. As a shrinking ice cap opens up new sea lanes. Vast oil and gas resources lie in Russia’s Arctic regions, including a liquefied natural gas plant on the Yamal Peninsula.


Project UNNATI: Skill training of MGNREGS workers lags; Centre blames it on the States

Source: The post is based on the article “Skill training of MGNREGS workers lags; Centre blames it on the States” published in The Hindu on 23rd November.

What is the News?

The Union Rural Development Ministry wants to link the performances of the States under the project UNNATI with its labour budget for the next financial year.

What is Project UNNATI?

Unnati was launched with the intention of upgrading the skill base of MGNREGS workers to help them transition from partial employment to full employment.

Aim: To train one adult member (18-45 age group) of a household who has completed 100 days of work under the MGNREGS.

Funding: Full expenditures towards a stipend, against wage loss compensation, are entirely borne by the Central Government.

Types of skill training: The selected candidates are skilled using three established training programmes — the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana (DDU-GKY), the Rural Self Training Institute (RSETI) and the Krishi Vigyan Kendra.

Note: The DDU-GKY is a placement-linked programme, in which 70% of the trained candidates have to be compulsorily employed with a minimum salary of ₹6,000 a month.

Read here: Project UNNATI under Mahatma Gandhi NREGA
Why does the Ministry want to link the performance of Project UNNATI with its labour budget?

The government targeted to train two lakh persons. To achieve that, at least 20% of the households that complete 100 days of work under the MGNREGS should be targeted by the States under the project. The project was slated to end in March 2022 but has been extended by two years.

However, since its inception in 2020, just a little over 25,000 persons have been trained under the project. Similarly, the performance of the project so far has been far below the 20% target.

So, the Ministry wants to link the performance of Project UNNATI with its labour budget. This will make the labour budget of the States to be influenced by their performance under the project.


FSSAI proposes regulations for genetically modified food

Source: The post is based on the article “FSSAI proposes regulations for genetically modified food” published in Business Standard on 22nd November 2022.

What is the News?

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has released the Draft Food Safety and Standards (Genetically Modified Foods) Regulations,2022.

About Draft Food Safety and Standards (Genetically Modified Foods) Regulations,2022

The regulations will apply to Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) intended for food use.

It will be applicable to food ingredients produced from GMOs that contain modified DNA as well as to food ingredients produced from GMOs that do not contain modified DNA but includes ingredients/additives/processing aids derived from GMOs.

Note: GMO means any living organism that possesses a novel combination of genetic material obtained through the use of modern biotechnology.

Key Provisions of the Regulations

Approval of food authority: No person shall manufacture, pack, store, sell, market or otherwise distribute or import any food or food ingredient produced from GMOs except with the prior approval of the food authority.

Labelling of GMO Products: All GMO food products must be labelled with the words ‘contains genetically modified organisms’. This is subject to the condition that if the product contains 1% or more of the GM ingredient considered individually.

– This label must appear on the front of a pack of pre-packaged products. This labelling requirement also applies to the adventitious or technically unavoidable presence of GM ingredients.

– The labelling requirement will not be applicable to GM-food products in which the modified DNA is not detectable.


Dynamic Groundwater Resources of India 2022: Groundwater report waters down aquifer-level data, say experts

Source: The post is based on the article “Groundwater report waters down aquifer-level data, say experts” published in Business Standard on 22nd November 2022.

What is the News?

Union Minister of Jal Shakti has released the Dynamic Groundwater Resources of India 2022.

What are the key findings of the report?
Dynamic Groundwater Resources of India 2022
Source: Business Standard

Groundwater: The total annual groundwater recharge for the country this year has increased by 1.29 billion cubic meters(bcm), in contrast with the last assessment conducted in 2020. 

– The total annual extractable groundwater resources have also increased by 0.56 bcm.

– However, the annual groundwater extraction for irrigation, domestic and industrial uses has decreased by 5.76 bcm during this period.

Major consumer of Groundwater resources: The agriculture sector is the predominant consumer of groundwater resources.

– About 87% of the total annual groundwater extraction is for irrigation use. Only 30.69 bcm is for domestic and industrial consumption which is about 13% of the total extraction.

Of the total 7,089 assessment units in the country, a) 1,006 units or 14% have been categorized as over-exploited, b) 260 units or 4% as critical, c) 885 units or 12% as semi-critical and d) 4,780 units or 67% as safe.

State-wise Groundwater Extraction: The overall stage of groundwater extraction in the country is 60.08%.

– The stage of groundwater extraction is very high in the states of Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu where it is more than 100%.

– In the states of Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and UTs of Chandigarh, Lakshadweep and Puducherry, the stage of groundwater extraction is between 60-100%.

– In the rest of the states, the stage of groundwater extraction is below 60 %.

Impact of rock formations: The type of rock formations and their storage and transmission characteristics have a significant influence on groundwater recharge. 

– Porous formations such as the alluvial formations in the Indo-Ganga-Brahmaputra basin generally have high specific yields and are good repositories of groundwater. 

– Groundwater occurrence in the fissured formations occupying nearly two-thirds of the geographical area of the country, on the other hand, it is mostly limited to the weathered, jointed and fractured portions of the rocks.

What are the issues with this Groundwater Report?

According to experts, the groundwater data showing an increase in recharge and a decrease in extraction may not be offering an accurate representation. This is because the assessment units are too large in size and too few in number to present a micro-level picture.


Tamil Nadu gets its first biodiversity heritage site

Source: The post is based on the article “Tamil Nadu gets its first biodiversity heritage sitepublished in The Hindu on 23rd November 2022.

What is the News?

The Tamil Nadu government has declared the first biodiversity heritage site in the State named Arittapatti Biodiversity Heritage Site.

About Arittapatti Biodiversity Heritage Site:

Arittapatti Biodiversity Heritage Site comprises Arittapatti village and Meenakshipuram village in Tamil Nadu.

Ecological significance: The site houses around 250 species of birds, including three important raptors — the Laggar Falcon, the Shaheen Falcon and Bonelli’s Eagle. 

– It is also home to wildlife such as the Indian pangolin, slender loris and pythons. 

Historical Significance: The area is surrounded by a chain of seven hillocks or inselbergs that serve as a watershed charging 72 lakes, 200 natural springs and three check-dams.

– The Anaikondan tank built during the reign of the Pandiyan kings in the 16th century, is one of them. 

The site also features various megalithic structures, Tamil Brahmi Inscriptions, Jain Beds and 2200-year-old rock-cut temples adding to its historical value.

What is a Biodiversity Heritage Site?

Click Here to read


Supreme Court calls out Centre over short tenures of Chief Election Commissioners

Source: The post is based on the article “Supreme Court calls out Centre over short tenures of Chief Election Commissioners” published in The Hindu on 23rd November 2022.

What is the News?

The Supreme Court has raised questions on the present system of the Central government appointing serving bureaucrats of its choice as Chief Election Commissioners (CECs) and Election Commissioners(ECs).

What is the case about?

The Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court is hearing a series of petitions seeking functional independence for Election Commissioners.

Challenging the constitutionality of the present appointment process, the petitioner contended that appointments were being done as per the whims and fancies of the executive.

The petitioners pleaded for the creation of an independent collegium or selection committee for the future appointment of CEC and ECs.

What were the observations made by the Supreme Court?
Source: Hindustan Times

The Supreme Court said the Central government pays mere “lip-service” to the independence of the Election Commissioners.

This is evident from the way the tenures of Chief Election Commissioners (CECs) have “slid” down from over eight years in the 1950s to just about a few hundred days after 2004.

Moreover, successive governments particularly after 2004, have picked people whom they knew would never ever get close to the full term of six years prescribed under the Election Commission Act, 1991.

Note: Section 4 of the 1991 Act says the term of a CEC and Election Commissioners is six years or till the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

Further, the protections under Article 324, like removal through impeachment, available under the Constitution to the CECs would only be of any use if he or she had a full term.

What is the suggestion given by the Supreme Court in the appointment of CEC and Election Commissioners?

The Supreme Court observed that involving the Chief Justice of India (CJI) in the selection process of CEC/ECs would go a long way to ensure transparency.

The presence of the CJI would send a message that the government cannot play games in the selection and the best person of character would be picked.


5 bacteria types claimed 6.8 lakh lives in India in 2019: Report

Source: The post is based on the article “5 bacteria types claimed 6.8 lakh lives in India in 2019: Report” published in TOI on 22nd November 2022.

What is the News?

According to a Lancet report, Bacterial Infections were the second leading cause of death worldwide.

What are the key findings of the report by Lancet?
Bacteria
Source: TOI

India: In India, five bacteria were responsible for at least 6.8 lakh deaths in 2019.

– The five deadly bacteria in India are led by Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter baumanii. 

– E Coli, which is associated with diarrhoea, urinary tract infection and pneumonia among others, claimed a maximum of 1.6 lakh lives in India.

Globally: An estimated 1.3 crore people died due to infections globally. Of these deaths, 77 lakh deaths were associated with the 33 bacterial pathogens included in the study with five bacteria alone connected to more than half of all deaths.

Age-wise: The pathogens associated with the most deaths differed by age. S. aureus was associated with the most deaths in adults aged over 15 years globally.

– The most deaths in children aged 5 to 14 years were associated with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi.


India’s unusual abstention in CITES vote on reopening ivory trade

Source: The post is based on the article “India’s unusual abstention in CITES vote on reopening ivory trade” published in Indian Express on 23rd November 2022.

What is the News?

For the first time, India has abstained and not voted against a proposal seeking to re-open the Ivory Trade at the ongoing conference of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

CITES and Ivory Trade

At the start of the 20th century, millions of elephants roamed Africa. But a combination of trophy hunting, ivory trade and loss of habitat resulted in a catastrophic decline over the next few decades – falling to just 1.3 million in 1979 from 10 million in 1913.

In 1989, CITES banned international commercial ivory trade obtained from both African and Asian elephants. It did so by placing them in Appendix I of the convention, which bans trade in species threatened with extinction. 

But poaching did not stop – just over 286,000 elephants were counted in Africa in 1995. However, populations have stabilized since then.

In 1997, CITES moved African elephant populations in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe to Appendix II – which allows commercial international trade subject to certain restrictions.

Subsequently, in 1999 and 2008, CITES permitted these countries to conduct one-off sales of ivory stock. But these countries have been arguing that regular, controlled commercial ivory trade should be allowed.

However, Namibia’s proposal for allowing a regular form of controlled trade in ivory by delisting the elephant populations of the four countries from Appendix II was rejected in CoP17 (2016) and CoP18 (2019). 

At the ongoing CoP19, the proposal was moved by Zimbabwe but met the same fate.

What has been India’s stand on Ivory Trade?

The endangered Asian elephant was included in CITES Appendix I in 1975 which banned the export of ivory from the Asian range countries. 

In 1986, India amended The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 to ban even domestic sales of ivory. After the ivory trade was globally banned, India again amended the law to ban the import of African ivory in 1991.

In 1981 when New Delhi hosted CoP3, India designed the iconic CITES logo in the form of an elephant. Over the years, India’s stand has been unequivocal on the ivory issue.

What has changed now?

For the first time, India has abstained from voting on a proposal to allow the commercial sale of ivory from African elephants.

The development comes after Namibia had claimed that it sought India’s help to reverse the ban on the global ivory trade as part of its deal to transfer African cheetahs.


Recurrent outburst of twin star points towards rare future supernovae

Source: The post is based on the article Recurrent outburst of twin star points towards rare future supernovaepublished in PIB on 22nd November 2022.

What is the News?

Astronomers tracking the constellation Ophiuchus have spotted a recurrent nova system approximately 5,000 light-years away.  

Note: Nova is a transient astronomical event that causes the sudden appearance of a bright, apparently “new” star that slowly fades over weeks or months.

What is RS Ophiuchi?

RS Ophiuchi is a recurrent nova system approximately 5,000 light-years away in the constellation Ophiuchus. 

It has shown recurrent eruptions since 1985. The latest was in August 2021, when it reached a peak visual magnitude of 4.6 – bright enough to be seen with the naked eye. 

It is a binary system of a white dwarf star and a red giant in which the latter supplies the white dwarf with fresh, hydrogen-rich fuel for nova eruption. 

With enough fuel, the material on the surface of the white dwarf achieves a critically high temperature and pressure, and a thermonuclear runaway (TNR) ensues, which lasts for about 1000 seconds. This explosion generates huge energy making the system visible from a far distance. 

What has been detected by Astronomers?

Astronomers have been studying the data from the outburst of the star called RS Ophiuchi detected in 2021.

They found that with every eruption, the white dwarf accretes at least 10% of the ejected mass. They believe that eventually, it will explode as a Type 1a supernova. 

This event, if and when it occurs, will be the final proof of the conjecture around Type 1a supernova which states that if a white dwarf crosses the Chandrasekhar Limit of 1.4 Solar Mass, it collapses under its own gravitational pressure and gives birth to a Type 1a supernova.

Note: A Type 1a supernova is a rare type of supernova that occurs in binary systems (two stars orbiting one another) in which one of the stars is a white dwarf.


India jumps 2 spots higher and now ranks 8th as per Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI, 2023)

Source: The post is based on the articleIndia jumps 2 spots higher and now ranks 8th as per Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI, 2023)published in PIB on 22nd November 2022.

What is the News?

The Climate Change Performance Index 2023 has been released.

What is the Climate Change Performance Index?

Released by: German Watch, New Climate Institute and Climate Action Network International based in Germany. 

Published since: 2005

Aim: To enhance transparency in international climate politics and enable comparison of climate protection efforts and progress made by individual countries.

Parameters: CCPI assesses each country’s performance in four categories: GHG Emissions (40% of the overall ranking), Renewable Energy (20%), Energy Use (20%) and Climate Policy (20%).

What are the key findings of the index related to India?

Ranking: ​​India has been ranked 8th amongst a group of 59 countries and the European Union. It has risen two spots since last year.

Denmark, Sweden, Chile and Morocco were the only four small countries that were ranked above India as 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th respectively. The first, second and third ranks were not awarded to any country. 

In effect, therefore, India’s rank is the best among all large economies.

Observations: India earned a high rating in the GHG Emissions and Energy Use categories, while a medium for Climate Policy and Renewable Energy. 

The aggressive policies of India towards rapid deployment of renewables and robust framework for energy efficiency programs have shown considerable impact. 

As per the Index, India is on track to meet its 2030 emissions targets (compatible with a well-below- 2°C scenario).

Significance: The ranking given by CCPI places India as the only G-20 country in the top 10 ranks.

India will now be assuming G-20 Presidency, and it will be an opportune time to show the world about its climate mitigation policies. Such as the deployment of renewable sources of energy and other energy transition programmes.


Economic Cooperation and Trade Agreement with Australia will significantly open up opportunities for Indian businesses: Piyush Goyal

Source: The post is based on the article “Economic Cooperation and Trade Agreement with Australia will significantly open up opportunities for Indian businesses: Piyush Goyal” published in The Hindu on 22nd November 2022.

What is the News?

The Australian Parliament has ratified the Economic Cooperation and Trade Agreement (ECTA) with India paving the way for implementing the deal as early as January 1, 2023.

What is the Economic Cooperation and Trade Agreement(ECTA) signed between India and Australia?

The India-Australia ECTA is the first trade agreement of India with a developed country in more than a decade after the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement was signed with Japan in 2011.

The Agreement encompasses cooperation across the entire gamut of bilateral economic and commercial relations between the two friendly countries and covers areas like Trade in Goods, Rules of Origin, Trade in Services among others.

Key Provisions of the agreement
Source: Business Standard

Custom Duty: Under the deal, Australia has agreed to eliminate Customs duty immediately on 98.3 percent of the traded goods and on 100 percent tariff lines over a period of five years. 

– On the other hand, India will do away with Customs duties on 40 percent of products immediately and on 70.3 percent of tariff lines over a period of 10 years. 

– Major labour-intensive sectors in India that will benefit from the elimination of 5 per cent Customs duty at present include textiles and apparel, agricultural products, leather, furniture, jewellery and pharmaceuticals.

Visas: India can every year send 1,800 Yoga teachers and Indian chefs to Australia and 1,000 work-cum-holiday visas will be available for young professionals. Post-study work visas for up to four years will benefit over 100,000 Indian students.

Wine: On Australian wine, India has agreed to reduce tariff over a period of 10 years, However, on wine bottles priced below $5, the existing Customs duty of 150% will not be reduced.

Agriculture and dairy sectors: India has managed to completely shield its dairy sector from any tariff reduction under the FTA while excluding the most sensitive agriculture items.

Recognition of professional qualifications: Both countries have decided to facilitate the recognition of professional qualifications, licensing, and registration procedures between professional services bodies.

What is the significance of this agreement?

Firstly, the total bilateral trade will cross US$ 45-50 bn in 5 years from the existing US$ 31 bn. India’s Merchandise Exports are likely to increase by 10 billion by 2026-27. 

Secondly, since the labour-intensive sectors will be benefitted, it is expected to create additional employment of at least 10 lakhs jobs in India, create ample opportunities for investment, and promotion of start-ups. 

Thirdly, it would provide enhanced job opportunities for Indians in Australia and increase remittance flows to India. 


EAC-PM working paper analyzes problems with Freedom in the World Index, V-DEM indices, and EIU Democracy Index

Source: The post is based on the article “EAC-PM working paper analyzes problems with Freedom in the World Index, V-DEM indices, and EIU Democracy Indexpublished in PIB on 22nd November 2022.

What is the News?

The Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister(EAC-PM) has released a working paper titled ‘Why India does poorly on global perception indices’.

What is the purpose of this working paper?

The working paper analyses three perception-based indices: Freedom in the World Index, V-DEM indices and EIU Democracy Index.

What are the problems EAC-PM has found with these Indices?

Freedom in the World Index: It has been published since 1973 by Freedom House. The index has placed India in the “partially free” category.

Since the publication of the index, the only two previous instances where India was considered as Partially Free was during a time of emergency and then during 1991-96 which were years of economic liberalization. 

Clearly, this seems very arbitrary as what did the period of emergency which was a period of obvious curtailment of various activities similar to the period of economic liberalization or of the current times. 

Moreover, India has been placed below countries like Northern Cyprus. Surely, this is not credible.

The index also continues to treat Jammu and Kashmir as separate territory since the early 1990s and now places it in the category of “not free”. 

Democracy Index: The index is published by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). India is placed in the category of “Flawed Democracy” and its rank deteriorated sharply from 27 in 2014 to 53 in 2020 and then improved a bit to 46 in 2021.

The comparison of India’s scores with other countries in this index has some surprising results.

India’s score for Civil Liberties is behind Hong Kong (8.53). Similarly, India’s score for Political Culture is much lower than that of Hong Kong (7.5) and Sri Lanka (6.25). Clearly, this seems very arbitrary.

Varieties of Democracy(V-DEM) Report: It is produced by the Varieties of Democracy Institute at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden. 

It comes up with six indices covering various aspects of democracy such as Liberal Democracy, Electoral Democracy, Liberal Component, and Egalitarian Component among others.

India has been termed as an “electoral autocracy” in the 2021 report, the same as it was during the period of Emergency. 

The cross-country comparison of this index also throws up some interesting results. India’s rank on Liberal Democracy Index is 93. In contrast, the Kingdom of Lesotho which started having a democratically elected government only in the mid-1990s and has since faced various disruptions including a military coup and emergencies has a rank of 60 and Kosovo which declared independence from Serbia only in 2008 has a rank of 79.

What are the problems with the methodology of these indices?

First, these indices are primarily based on the opinions of a tiny group of unknown “experts”

Second, the questions that are used are subjective and are worded in a way that is impossible to answer objectively even for a country, let alone compare across countries. 

Third, there are questions that should be asked but are excluded.

Fourth, certain questions used by these indices are not an appropriate measure of democracy across all countries.


Agnikul inaugurates India’s first private space vehicle launch pad in Sriharikota

Source: The post is based on the article “Agnikul inaugurates India’s first private space vehicle launch pad in Sriharikota” published in Indian Express on 1st December 2022. What is the News? Chennai-based space tech startup Agnikul Cosmos inaugurated India’s first private space vehicle launchpad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre(SDSC) in Sriharikota. What is Agnikul… Continue reading Agnikul inaugurates India’s first private space vehicle launch pad in Sriharikota

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Explained | How do personality rights protect celebrities?

Source: The post is based on the article “Explained | How do personality rights protect celebrities?” published in The Hindu on 2nd December 2022. What is the News? The Delhi High Court has passed an interim order to prevent the unlawful use of Bollywood star Amitabh Bachchan’s name, image and voice. The court through its… Continue reading Explained | How do personality rights protect celebrities?

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Polity and Nation, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Union Minister for Civil Aviation Launches Digi Yatra for Three Airports in The Country

Source: The post is based on the article “Union Minister for Civil Aviation Launches Digi Yatra for Three Airports in The Country” published in PIB on 1st December 2022. What is the News? The Union Minister for Civil Aviation has launched Digi Yatra from the Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi for three airports in… Continue reading Union Minister for Civil Aviation Launches Digi Yatra for Three Airports in The Country

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Centre to cut funds if land is not allotted for housing scheme

Source: The post is based on the article “Centre to cut funds if land is not allotted for housing scheme” published in PIB on 2nd December 2022. What is the News? The Central Government has said that the states which are unable to provide land to landless beneficiaries under Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awas Yojana(PMAY-G) by… Continue reading Centre to cut funds if land is not allotted for housing scheme

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Joint Exercise Agni Warrior with Singapore Armed Forces Concludes at Devlali (Maharashtra)

Source: The post is based on the article “Joint Exercise Agni Warrior with Singapore Armed Forces Concludes at Devlali (Maharashtra)” published in PIB on 2nd December 2022. What is the News? The 12th Edition of Exercise Agni Warrior between the Singapore & Indian Army has concluded at Field Firing Ranges, Devlali (Maharashtra). What is Exercise… Continue reading Joint Exercise Agni Warrior with Singapore Armed Forces Concludes at Devlali (Maharashtra)

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Defence Exercises, Factly: IR, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

World’s first intra-nasal vaccine for COVID developed by India has got approval from the CDSCO for restricted use in emergency situations in the age group of 18 and above

Source: The post is based on the article “World’s first intra-nasal vaccine for COVID developed by India has got approval from the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) for restricted use in emergency situations in the age group of 18 and above” published in PIB on 2nd December 2022. What is the News? World’s first… Continue reading World’s first intra-nasal vaccine for COVID developed by India has got approval from the CDSCO for restricted use in emergency situations in the age group of 18 and above

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

e-Rupee: Here’s a Quixplained on India’s first official digital currency

Source: The post is based on the article “e-Rupee: Here’s a Quixplained on India’s first official digital currency” published in Indian Express on 2nd December 2022. What is the News? The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has launched the Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) — digital rupee or e-rupee(e₹). What is CBDC or the digital… Continue reading e-Rupee: Here’s a Quixplained on India’s first official digital currency

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Explained | What is the Karnataka-Maharashtra border dispute?

Source: The post is based on the article “Explained | What is the Karnataka-Maharashtra border dispute?” published in The Hindu on 2nd December 2022. What is the News? The Supreme Court will hear arguments about the maintainability of a petition filed by the Maharashtra government challenging some provisions of the State Reorganisation Act,1956 and demanding… Continue reading Explained | What is the Karnataka-Maharashtra border dispute?

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Polity and Nation, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Zombie Virus’: See 50,000 years old virus found in Siberia

Source: The post is based on the article “Zombie Virus’: See 50,000 years old virus found in Siberia” published in Economic Times on 1st December 2022. What is the News? French scientists have warned of the onset of another outbreak after they revived a 48,500-year-old zombie virus buried under a frozen lake in Russia. What… Continue reading Zombie Virus’: See 50,000 years old virus found in Siberia

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

State elections and the troubling return of the old pension scheme

Source: The post is based on the article “State elections and the troubling return of the old pension scheme” published in the Livemint on 2nd November 2022. Syllabus: GS 2- Governance Relevance: About reviving old pension scheme (OPS). News: The poll promises in ongoing state elections are always debatable. The Himachal Pradesh election witnessed a promise of revival… Continue reading State elections and the troubling return of the old pension scheme

Posted in PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Air To Everywhere – North’s fewer farm fires were thanks to tech, incentives & some good politics. There’s a wider green lesson

Source: The post is based on the article “Air To Everywhere – North’s fewer farm fires were thanks to tech, incentives & some good politics. There’s a wider green lesson” published in The Times of India on 2nd November 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment. Relevance: About measures to tackle farm fires. News: This year winter witnessed… Continue reading Air To Everywhere – North’s fewer farm fires were thanks to tech, incentives & some good politics. There’s a wider green lesson

Posted in PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Stats Of The Union – Economic gap between regions in India is growing. It will have consequences in other areas

Source: The post is based on the article “Stats Of The Union – Economic gap between regions in India is growing. It will have consequences in other areas” published in The Times of India on 1st November 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. Relevance: About subnational economic convergence. News: According to an… Continue reading Stats Of The Union – Economic gap between regions in India is growing. It will have consequences in other areas

Posted in PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Before infection spreads – AIIMS episode shows big cyber-security review is needed

Source: The post is based on the article “Before infection spreads – AIIMS episode shows big cyber-security review is needed” published in the Business Standard on 2nd November 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Basics of cyber security. Relevance: About the recent ransomware attack on AIIMS. News: The recent massive ransomware attack has crippled the e-hospital services of AIIMS,… Continue reading Before infection spreads – AIIMS episode shows big cyber-security review is needed

Posted in PUBLIC|Leave a comment

Waste Management in India: Status, Challenges and Solutions – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India is set to undergo rapid urbanization in the coming decade. One major challenge accompanying the urbanization is rapid rise in waste generation. Waste Management Processes and Systems in India will need to be upgraded to meet this challenge. What is the status of Solid Waste Generation in India? Overall… Continue reading Waste Management in India: Status, Challenges and Solutions – Explained, pointwise

Posted in 7 PM, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

[Download] 10 PM Weekly Compilation – November, 2022 – 4th week

Hello, everyone. We are posting a Compilation of the 10 pm current affairs quiz – November 2022 – Fourth week  Click on the following link to download Download The 10 PM Daily Current Affairs Quiz is focused on the current affairs part of UPSC Prelims. The daily current affairs quiz consists of 10 questions based on the daily current affairs.… Continue reading [Download] 10 PM Weekly Compilation – November, 2022 – 4th week

Posted in 10 pm quiz, PUBLIC, Weekly compilations|Tagged , , , |Leave a comment

Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 2nd, 2022

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 2nd, 2022

Posted in Must Read News Articles|Leave a comment

An Indian recipe to quell micronutrient malnutrition

Source– The post is based on the article “An Indian recipe to quell micronutrient malnutrition” published in The Hindu on 1st December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Issue relating to poverty and hunger Relevance– Malnutrition in India News– The article explains the benefits of food fortification in checking malnutrition What does the statistics say about malnutrition in… Continue reading An Indian recipe to quell micronutrient malnutrition

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |1 Comment

Towards a robust triumvirate – on appointment of Election Commissioner

Source– The post is based on the article “Towards a robust triumvirate” published in The Hindu on 1st December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Salient features of Representation of People Act Relevance– Electoral reforms News– THe article explains the issue of appointment of CEC and ECs. It also explains the issue of security of tenure for ECS.… Continue reading Towards a robust triumvirate – on appointment of Election Commissioner

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Re-design and deliver – Govt crop insurance scheme needs radical rethink

Source: The post is based on an article “Re-design and deliver – Govt crop insurance scheme needs radical rethink” published in Business Standard on 1st December 2022. Syllabus: GS 2 – Governance Relevance: problems with PMFBY and ways to address it News: The government has decided to bring changes in the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) in… Continue reading Re-design and deliver – Govt crop insurance scheme needs radical rethink

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Party Congress over, understanding the China puzzle

Source– The post is based on the article “Party Congress over, understanding the China puzzle” published in The Hindu on 1st December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests Relevance– India and China relationship in global context News– The article explains China strategy in context of… Continue reading Party Congress over, understanding the China puzzle

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Has GST reduced inter-state disparities?

Source– The post is based on the article “Has GST reduced inter-state disparities?” published in the mint on 1st December 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Indian economy and mobilisation of resources Relevance– Taxation structure of country News– The article explains the performance of GST regime. Two months, April and October in 2022 have seen the highest GST… Continue reading Has GST reduced inter-state disparities?

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

This global water audit should not gather dust

Source: The post is based on an article “This global water audit should not gather dust” published in Live Mint on 1st December 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment Relevance: findings of the World Meteorological Organization’s report News: The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has released a water audit report that can guide global climate adaptation. What are the… Continue reading This global water audit should not gather dust

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Are ransomware attacks increasing in India?

Source: The post is based on the following articles “The AIIMS cyber attack is a wake-up call for national security” published in the Indian Express on 1st November 2022. “Are ransomware attacks increasing in India?” published in The Hindu on 1st November 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Basics of cyber security. Relevance: About the recent ransomware attack on AIIMS.… Continue reading Are ransomware attacks increasing in India?

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , , |Leave a comment

Unseemly conflict – Government’s diatribe does not resolve conflict over judicial appointments

Source: The post is based on the following articles “Unseemly conflict – Government’s diatribe does not resolve conflict over judicial appointments” published in The Hindu on 1st November 2022. “Order, Order – NJAC better than collegium” published in The Times of India on 1st November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 2: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the… Continue reading Unseemly conflict – Government’s diatribe does not resolve conflict over judicial appointments

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

United Nations Development Programme to help waste segregation workers access government schemes

Source: The post is based on the article “United Nations Development Programme to help waste segregation workers access government schemes” published in The Hindu on 30th November 2022. What is the News? United Nations Development Programme(UNDP) is implementing Plastic Waste Management Programme in India. What is Plastic Waste Management Programme? Objectives of the programme: Create… Continue reading United Nations Development Programme to help waste segregation workers access government schemes

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Layoffs by IT firms in the U.S. will greatly impact H-1B workers

Source: The post is based on the article “Layoffs by IT firms in the U.S. will greatly impact H-1B workers” published in The Hindu on 1st December 2022. What is the News? The layoffs by the IT Firms in the US will significantly impact the Indian H-1B workers. Why have there been layoffs by IT… Continue reading Layoffs by IT firms in the U.S. will greatly impact H-1B workers

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: IR, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Exercise Yudh Abhyas: India-U.S. exercise near LAC irks China

Source: The post is based on the article “India-U.S. exercise near LAC irks China” published in The Hindu on 1st December 2022. What is the News? China has expressed concern over the India-US joint military exercise Yudh Abhyas being held in Uttarakhand, about 100 km from the Line of Actual Control(LAC). What is Exercise Yudh… Continue reading Exercise Yudh Abhyas: India-U.S. exercise near LAC irks China

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Defence Exercises, Factly: IR, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Man-animal conflict mitigation team selected for the Wildlife Trust of India award

Source: The post is based on the article “Man-animal conflict mitigation team selected for the Wildlife Trust of India award” published in The Hindu on 1st December 2022. What is the News? The Wildlife Trust of India(WTI) has selected an eight-member team from Chinnakkanal (Munnar forest division in Kerala) for its award this year for… Continue reading Man-animal conflict mitigation team selected for the Wildlife Trust of India award

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Supreme Court floats idea of ‘Project GIB’: What is this endangered bird

Source: The post is based on the article “Supreme Court floats idea of ‘Project GIB’: What is this endangered bird” published in Indian Express on 1st December 2022. What is the News? The Supreme Court has asked the Government if a ‘Project Great Indian Bustard (GIB)’ can be launched on the lines of ‘Project Tiger’.… Continue reading Supreme Court floats idea of ‘Project GIB’: What is this endangered bird

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

16 drones shot down along Pakistan border in 2022: BSF

Source: The post is based on the article “16 drones shot down along Pakistan border in 2022: BSF” published in The Hindu on 1st December 2022. What is the News? Make-in-India technology is helping the Border Security Force(BSF) shoot down drones carrying deadly weapons, ammunition and drugs from Pakistan with greater success. For instance, in… Continue reading 16 drones shot down along Pakistan border in 2022: BSF

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Over 160-200 million Indians could be exposed to lethal heat waves annually: World Bank

Source: The post is based on the article “Over 160-200 million Indians could be exposed to lethal heat waves annually: World Bank” published in The Hindu on 1st December 2022. What is the News? The World Bank has released a report titled “Climate Investment Opportunities in India’s Cooling Sector”. What are the key findings of… Continue reading Over 160-200 million Indians could be exposed to lethal heat waves annually: World Bank

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, Index | Reports | Summits, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Explained | How FIFA is using SAOT for offside decisions

Source: The post is based on the article “Explained | How FIFA is using SAOT for offside decisions” published in The Hindu on 1st December 2022. What is the News? Federation Internationale de Football Association(FIFA) is using Semi-Automated Offside Technology (SAOT) for offside decisions in the ongoing football world cup. What is Semi-Automated Offside Technology(SAOT)?… Continue reading Explained | How FIFA is using SAOT for offside decisions

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

One step closer to a universal flu vaccine?

Source: The post is based on the article “One step closer to a universal flu vaccine?” published in Economic Times on 1st December 2022. What is the News? Researchers are working on a universal flu vaccine that works against 20 known influenza A and B viruses. How is this universal vaccine different from the current… Continue reading One step closer to a universal flu vaccine?

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Significant Decline in the Maternal Mortality Ratio(MMR) from 130 in 2014-16 to 97 per lakh live births in 2018-20: Health Minister

Source: The post is based on the article “Significant Decline in the Maternal Mortality Ratio(MMR) from 130 in 2014-16 to 97 per lakh live births in 2018-20: Health Minister” published in PIB on 1st December 2022. What is the News? The Office of the Registrar General of India has released a Special Bulletin on the… Continue reading Significant Decline in the Maternal Mortality Ratio(MMR) from 130 in 2014-16 to 97 per lakh live births in 2018-20: Health Minister

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Miscellaneous, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Rights of Sexual Minorities in India (LGBTQ+ Rights): Status and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Two petitions have been filed in the Supreme Court to allow homosexual couples to solemnize their marriage under the Special Marriage Act (SMA), 1954. The Supreme Court has sought the response of the Union Government in this regard. On November 29, 2022, the US Senate passed the landmark Respect for… Continue reading Rights of Sexual Minorities in India (LGBTQ+ Rights): Status and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

Posted in 7 PM, PUBLIC|Leave a comment

India’s agenda during its G20 Presidency will be inclusive, ambitious, action-oriented, and decisive

Source: The post is based on the following articles “India’s agenda during its G20 Presidency will be inclusive, ambitious, action-oriented, and decisive” published in the Indian Express on 1st November 2022. “Today, India commences its G20 presidency” published in the Business Standard on 1st November 2022. Syllabus: GS – 2: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India… Continue reading India’s agenda during its G20 Presidency will be inclusive, ambitious, action-oriented, and decisive

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , , |Leave a comment

Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 1st, 2022

About Must Read News Articles: Must Read News Articles is an initiative by Team ForumIAS to provide links to the most important news articles of the day. It covers The Hindu newspaper. This saves the time and effort of students in identifying useful and important articles. With newspaper websites requiring a paid subscription beyond a certain… Continue reading Must Read Current Affairs Articles – December 1st, 2022

Posted in Must Read News Articles|Leave a comment

Settling the language for cooperative federalism

Source– The post is based on the article “Settling the language for cooperative federalism” published in The Hindu on 30 November 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Challenges pertaining to federal structure Relevance– Language issues News– The article explains the issues of language in our federal setup What does the constitution say about language issue? Article 345 leaves… Continue reading Settling the language for cooperative federalism

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Learnings from COP27: Education as a tool of innovation for the climate change generation

Source– The post is based on the article “Learnings from COP27: Education as a tool of innovation for the climate change generation” published in The Indian Express on 30 November 2022. Syllabus: GS3- Environment Relevance– Climate change News– The article explains the need for education to fight climate change. What is contained in India Long-Term… Continue reading Learnings from COP27: Education as a tool of innovation for the climate change generation

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

My dream for India at 100: A chance at excellence for every athlete

Source– The post is based on the article “My dream for India at 100: A chance at excellence for every athlete” published in The Indian Express on 29h November 2022. Syllabus: GS2- Government policies and interventions in various sectors Relevance– Sports sector News– The article explains the steps needed to be taken for development of… Continue reading My dream for India at 100: A chance at excellence for every athlete

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

On the entry of women in masjids

Source– The post is based on the article “On the entry of women in masjids” published in The Hindu on 30th November 2022. Syllabus: GS1- Social empowerment. GS2- Mechanisms and laws for protection and betterment of vulnerable sections Relevance– Issues related to women News– The article explains the issues related to prohibition on entry of… Continue reading On the entry of women in masjids

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Where does waste originate and go?

Source: The post is based on the article “Where does waste originate and go?” published in The Hindu on 30th November 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment Relevance: amount of waste generated and disposed in India News: The report titled ‘EnviStats India 2022’ has been published by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. The report provides the… Continue reading Where does waste originate and go?

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Money to fight climate change: Are taxes the answer?

Source: The post is based on the article “Money to fight climate change: Are taxes the answer?” published in The Indian Express on 30th November 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Environment Relevance: problems with climate finance News: The money that is currently being invested in climate projects is only one to ten percent of the estimated requirements.  Therefore,… Continue reading Money to fight climate change: Are taxes the answer?

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

Held To Ransom – Healthcare sector is a sitting duck to cybercriminals. AIIMS & other hospitals must shore up security systems

Source: The post is based on the article “Held To Ransom – Healthcare sector is a sitting duck to cybercriminals. AIIMS & other hospitals must shore up security systems” published in The Times of India on 30th November 2022. Syllabus: GS 3 – Basics of cyber security. Relevance: About cyberattacks on healthcare institutes. News: The recent massive ransomware… Continue reading Held To Ransom – Healthcare sector is a sitting duck to cybercriminals. AIIMS & other hospitals must shore up security systems

Posted in 9 PM Daily Articles, PUBLIC|Tagged , |Leave a comment

What is wet leasing of aircraft, for which govt has relaxed rules

Source: The post is based on the article “What is wet leasing of aircraft, for which govt has relaxed rules” published in Livemint on 30th November 2022. What is the News? The Ministry of Civil Aviation has relaxed rules related to the wet leasing of aircraft. It has allowed the wet leasing for a year… Continue reading What is wet leasing of aircraft, for which govt has relaxed rules

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly - Indian Economy, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

TRAI releases recommendations on ‘Licensing Framework for Establishing and Operating Satellite Earth Station Gateway(SESG)’

Source: The post is based on the article “TRAI releases recommendations on ‘Licensing Framework for Establishing and Operating Satellite Earth Station Gateway(SESG)” published in PIB on 30th November 2022. What is the News? The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India(TRAI) has released recommendations on ‘Licensing Framework for Establishing and Operating Satellite Earth Station Gateway (SESG)’. What… Continue reading TRAI releases recommendations on ‘Licensing Framework for Establishing and Operating Satellite Earth Station Gateway(SESG)’

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Explained | What is the Karnataka voter data theft case?

Source: The post is based on the article “Explained | What is the Karnataka voter data theft case? ” published in The Hindu on 30th November 2022. What is the News? Bengaluru’s civic body has cancelled permissions granted to a trust to conduct house-to-house surveys to help create awareness about the Systematic Voters’ Education and… Continue reading Explained | What is the Karnataka voter data theft case?

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Polity and Nation, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

TRAI releases recommendations on “Use of Street Furniture for Small Cells and Aerial Fibre deployment”

Source: The post is based on the article “TRAI releases recommendations on Use of Street Furniture for Small Cells and Aerial Fibre deployment” published in PIB on 30th November 2022. What is the News? The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India(TRAI) has released its recommendations on “Use of Street Furniture for Small Cells and Aerial Fibre… Continue reading TRAI releases recommendations on “Use of Street Furniture for Small Cells and Aerial Fibre deployment”

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Science and Technology, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Centre’s low-cost WiFi scheme still buffering

Source: The post is based on the article “Centre’s low-cost WiFi scheme still buffering” published in Business Standard on 30th November 2022. What is the News? Nearly two years since the PM WANI scheme has been launched, the government has been able to activate 132,000 hotspots. What is the PM WANI Scheme? The PM WANI… Continue reading Centre’s low-cost WiFi scheme still buffering

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Schemes and Programs, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment

Betting for exotic meat, gambling dens in Manipur descend further into illegality

Source: The post is based on the article “Betting for exotic meat, gambling dens in Manipur descend further into illegality” published in The Hindu on 30th November 2022. What is the News? Manipur Police has been conducting raids to catch raffle draw organizers allegedly offering prizes in the form of wild animal meat, including flying… Continue reading Betting for exotic meat, gambling dens in Manipur descend further into illegality

Posted in Daily Factly articles, Factly: Environment, PUBLIC|Tagged |Leave a comment
Print Friendly and PDF
[social_warfare]