Acute Encephalitis Syndrome(AES)

News:Amid coronavirus outbreak, Acute Encephalitis Syndrome(AES) returns in Bihar.

Facts:

  • Acute Encephalitis Syndrome(AES) also known as ‘Chamki Fever’ or Litchi Virus is an umbrella term used for infections that causes inflammation irritation or swelling on the brain.
  • Cause: Viruses, bacteria, fungi and a range of agents.However, Japanese encephalitis(JE) virus is the most common cause of AES in India
  • Symptoms: Acute onset of fever, change in mental status (mental confusion, disorientation, delirium, or coma) and new-onset of seizures.
  • Vulnerable:The disease most commonly affects children below the age of 15 years due to high malnourishment.
  • Diagnosis:The National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme in India has set up country wide surveillance for AES through sentinel sites with a focus on detecting Japanese encephalitis(JEV).

Additional Facts:

Japanese Encephalitis(JE):

  • It is a mosquito-borne flavivirus and belongs to the same genus as dengue, yellow fever, and West Nile viruses.
  • There is no cure for the disease.The treatment is focused on relieving severe clinical signs and supporting the patient to overcome the infection.However, vaccines are available to prevent the JE.
Print Friendly and PDF