Source: The post is based on the article “Student suicides in India at a five-year high, majority from Maharashtra: NCRB data” published in Indian Express on 9th February 2023.
What is the News?
National Crime Records Bureau(NCRB) has released the (Accidental Deaths and Suicide in India) ADSI Report 2021.
What are the key findings of the ADSI Report 2021?
Student Suicides in 2021: The number of deaths by suicide by students saw an increase of 4.5% in 2021.
– Maharashtra had the highest number of student deaths by suicide in 2021 with 1,834 deaths, followed by Madhya Pradesh with 1,308 and Tamil Nadu with 1,246 deaths.
A steady increase in student suicides: Student suicides had gone up drastically during the coronavirus pandemic in 2020 and 2021 and have been steadily rising in the last five years.
Reasons for student suicides: The specific reasons behind student deaths by suicide are not given in the report. However, the report does state that the major reasons for suicide in the age group (under 18 years) were family problems and failure of the examination.
Gender-wise student suicide rates: The percentage of women’s student suicide was at a five-year low of 43.49% while men’s student suicides made up 56.51% of the total student suicides.
– But still, women’s student suicides have increased. In 2017, 4,711 women students died by suicide while in 2021 such deaths increased to 5,693.
Educational status of student suicides: The educational status of suicide victims was that only 4.6% of total suicide victims were graduates and above. About 11% of the victims were illiterate, while 15.8% of them were educated up to the primary level.