AI Supercomputer ‘AIRAWAT’ puts India among top supercomputing league

Source: The post is based on the following articles

“AI Supercomputer ‘AIRAWAT’ puts India among top supercomputing league” published in the PIB on 24th May 2023

“India set to triple speed of its fastest supercomputers” published in The Hindu on 25th May 2023

What is the News?

Recently, International Supercomputing Conference (ISC 2023) took place in Germany. In that, among the Top 500 Global Supercomputing List, the AI Supercomputer ‘AIRAWAT’, installed at C-DAC, Pune has ranked 75th in the world.

Note: The fastest high-performance computing system in the world is currently the Frontier-Cray system at Oakridge National Laboratory, United States. This has a peak speed of one exa-flop (or about 1,000 petaflops). The top 10 other systems, based on speed, range from about 400 petaflops to 60 petaflops.

About AI Research Analytics and Knowledge Dissemination Platform (AIRAWAT)

The AIRAWAT Proof of Concept (PoC) of 200 AI Petaflops Mixed Precision peak compute capacity is currently funded by the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology and implemented by C-DAC, Pune.  The system is installed under National Program on AI by the Government of India.

Capacity: The AIRAWAT PoC of 200 AI Petaflops integrated with PARAM Siddhi – AI of 210 AI Petaflops gives a total peak compute of 410 AI Petaflops Mixed Precision and sustained compute capacity of 8.5 Petaflops (Rmax) Double Precision.

Benefits: The deployment of AIRAWAT will empower academia, research labs, the scientific community, industry, and startups to develop indigenous AI-enabled products and solutions, particularly for addressing India-specific challenges. This AI infrastructure will enable to achieve the vision envisaged under National Program on AI (NPAI).

Future of AIRAWAT: MEITY envisions scaling AIRAWAT to a computing capacity of 1,000 AI Petaflops to meet the current AI computational requirements.

Read more: National Supercomputing Mission(NSM)

About India’s Super Computing Capability

Currently, India’s most powerful, civilian supercomputers — Pratyush and Mihir — with a combined capacity of 6.8 petaflops are housed at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, and the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), Noida, respectively. Both these organisations are affiliated to the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). India’s current high-performance computers allow us to map weather and climate changes to a resolution of 12X12 km.

The new supercomputers, yet to be named, are imported from French corporation. “With the new system, India can improve resolution to 6X6 km”. This translates to greater clarity and more accurate local forecast.

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