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What is the News?
Ministry of Education has released the report of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20.
About AISHE Report 2019-20:
- The AISHE Report provides key performance indicators on the current status of Higher education in the country.
- First Report: The report was initiated in the year 2011. This is the 10th in the series of AISHE reports released annually by the Department of Higher Education.
Key Findings of the Report:
Highest Number of Colleges:
- The top 8 States in terms of the highest number of colleges in India are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat.
Total Student Enrollment:
- During the last five years from 2015-16 to 2019-20, there has been a growth of 11.4% in student enrolment.
- Total enrollment in higher education has been estimated to be 38.5 million, with 19.6 million boys and 18.9 million females. Females constitute 49% of the total enrolment.
- Uttar Pradesh has the highest student enrolment in India. It has 49.1% male and 50.9% female students. It is followed by Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.
Gross Enrolment Ratio:
- The Gross Enrollment Ratio(GER) has increased by a minuscule 0.8% in 2019-20.
- Gross Enrolment Ratio(GER) is the percentage of students enrolled in Higher Education from the eligible age group population.
- In India, GER for higher education is calculated for the age group of 18-23.
- GER in higher education in 2019-20 was 27.1% against 26.3% in 2018-19 and 24.3% in 2014-2015.
Enrolment of Girls:
- There has been an overall increase of over 18% in female enrolment in higher education from 2015-16 to 2019-20.
- However, the share of girl students is lowest in institutes of national importance. Also, female participation in professional courses is lower in comparison to academic courses.
Read Also :-Annual State of Education Report (ASER) 2020
Gender Parity Index:
- Gender Parity Index(GPI) in Higher Education improved a bit. In 2019-20, it was 1.01 against 1.00 in 2018-19. This indicates an improvement in the relative access to higher education for females.
Teacher Pupil Ratio:
- Total Number of Teachers stands at 15 lakh comprising 57.5% male and 42.5% female.
- The Pupil-Teacher Ratio in Higher Education in 2019-20 is 26.
- Nearly 85% of the students (2.85 crores) were enrolled in the six major disciplines such as Humanities, Science, Commerce, Engineering & Technology, Medical Science, and IT & Computers.
- The highest share of foreign students comes from the neighboring countries, of which Nepal is 28.1% of the total. It was followed by Afghanistan 9.1%, Bangladesh 4.6%, Bhutan 3.8%, and Sudan 3.6%.
Read Also :-Higher Education in India: An Analysis