News:Union Minister for Human resource and development(HRD) has released the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2018-19.
About All India Survey on Higher Education(AISHE):
- The AISHE Survey was initiated in the year 2011 to prepare a robust database on higher education.
- Under this,the ministry of HRD collects online information on Universities, Colleges and other Higher Educational Institutions.
- The data is collected on several parameters such as teachers, student enrolment, programmes, examination results, education finance and infrastructure.
- Further,the indicators of educational development such as Institution Density, Gross Enrolment Ratio, Pupil-teacher ratio, Gender Parity Index, Per Student Expenditure are also calculated under the survey.
Highlights of the survey:
- The top 8 States in terms of highest number of colleges in India are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.
- According to the survey, the present Gross Enrolment Ratio(GER) in higher education is around 26.3% up from 25.8% in 2017-18.
- The Gender Parity Index(GPI) which measures the the male:female ratio in higher education has increased over the last five years from 0.92 in 2014-15 to 1 in 2018-19.
- The survey has said that the highest share of foreign students comes from the neighbouring countries of which Nepal is first followed by Afghanistan, Bangladesh , Sudan, Bhutan and Nigeria.
- The students enrolment in B.Tech and M.Tech programmes has seen a dramatic fall.This has led to an overall dip in enrolment in professionals courses which has hit a four-year low.
Gross Enrolment Ratio(GER):
- Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in Higher education in India is calculated for 18-23 years of age group.
- The total enrolment in higher education regardless of age is expressed as a percentage to the eligible official population (18-23 years) in a given year.
- The GER is widely used to show the general level of participation in and capacity of higher education.The data includes details on gender wise gross enrolment ratio in higher education for all categories.