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  • The advent of Europeans and the British Conquests

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  • India in the Late Eighteenth Century

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  • IPR, Government Policies and initiatives

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  • Miscellaneous

     

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  • Other Technological developments

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  • Chemistry

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  • Physics

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  • Biology and diseases

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  • Space Technology

     

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  • IT, Robotics and computer related

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  • Bio-Technology

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  • Defence technology

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  • Miscellaneous

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  • Governance and its legislations, initiatives

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  • Election and related issues

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  • Local Bodies and tribal councils

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  • States and Union Territories

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  • Executive

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  • Center-State Relations and emergency provisions

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  • Various Bodies

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  • Judiciary and tribunals

    Judiciary and tribunals Part 1 Judiciary and tribunals Part 2

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  • Geography Definitions

    Polar vortex

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  • MCQs on Economy

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  • Interview Transcripts – Gym as a Hobby

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a Hobby -wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – Teaching as a Hobby

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a Hobby -wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – Watching Movies as a Hobby

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a Hobby -wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – Vegetable Farming as a Hobby

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a Hobby -wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Agriculture and geology Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Mathematics Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Kannada literature Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Philosophy Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Maithili Literature Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Mechanical Engineering Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Public Administration Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Sociology Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Update : New Initiative on UPSC Interview Preparation

    Friends, We are going to start Interview Discussion Initiative from tomorrow. Important Issues and topics for UPSC Interview would be posted daily. We will try to cover all important areas for your Interview preparation. Aspirants can discuss and debate in the comment section. We request aspirants who are preparing for CSE 2017 to help those appearing for … Continue reading “Update : New Initiative on UPSC Interview Preparation”

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  • Interview Discussion Initiative – March 6

    About the Initiative:  Important Issues and topics for UPSC Interview would be posted daily. We will try to cover all important areas for your Interview preparation. Aspirants can discuss and debate in the comment section. We request aspirants who are preparing for CSE 2017 to help those appearing for UPSC Interview this year(and themselves!) by … Continue reading “Interview Discussion Initiative – March 6”

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  • Interview Discussion Initiative – March 7

    About the Initiative:  Important Issues and topics for UPSC Interview would be posted daily. We will try to cover all important areas for your Interview preparation. Aspirants can discuss and debate in the comment section. We request aspirants who are preparing for CSE 2017 to help those appearing for UPSC Interview this year(and themselves!) by … Continue reading “Interview Discussion Initiative – March 7”

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  • Interview Discussion Initiative – March 8

    About the Initiative:  Important Issues and topics for UPSC Interview would be posted daily. We will try to cover all important areas for your Interview preparation. Aspirants can discuss and debate in the comment section. We request aspirants who are preparing for CSE 2017 to help those appearing for UPSC Interview this year(and themselves!) by … Continue reading “Interview Discussion Initiative – March 8”

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  • Interview Discussion Initiative – March 9

    Today’s Topic for Discussion is: Gurmehar Kaur: A Peace-warrior or brainwashed youngster? Issues: Nationalism Student Politics Online trolling (Social Media) “Pakistan did not kill my father. War did” – Role of Social Media. Freedom of Expression. Knowledge Base: Who is Gurmehar Kaur? Online Trolling Opinion  2 sides of the story Aspirants can discuss and debate in the … Continue reading “Interview Discussion Initiative – March 9”

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  • Interview Discussion Initiative – Demonetization: Triumph or Failure? (March 10)

    Today’s Topic for Discussion is: Demonetization: Triumph or Failure?  Issues: Success or Failure? Will Demonetization Affect Business in India? Impact of Demonetization on Investors Impact of Demonetization on Economic growth Digitization Role of RBI in Demonetization Knowledge Base: What is Demonetization? Basics Impact on Growth Critical Opinion Aspirants can discuss and debate in the comment section below! About the Initiative:  Important Issues … Continue reading “Interview Discussion Initiative – Demonetization: Triumph or Failure? (March 10)”

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  • Interview Discussion Initiative – Cashless Economy (March 15)

    oday’s Topic for Discussion is: Cashless Economy Issues: What are the benefits of cashless economy? What are the challenges of cashless economy in India? What should government do to encourage cashless economy in India? What steps will you take to promote cashless economy in your district? Digitization Pros and Cons Knowledge Base: What you mean by … Continue reading “Interview Discussion Initiative – Cashless Economy (March 15)”

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  • Interview Discussion Initiative – Universal Basic Income (March 16)

    Today’s Topic for Discussion is: Universal Basic Income Issues: What is universal basic income scheme? Should India implement it? What are its pros and cons? Challenges in its implementations. Knowledge Base: Basic Income Is it a Good Idea Universal Basic Income in India Will Universal Basic Income work in India? Survey Analysis Universal Basic Income and Economic … Continue reading “Interview Discussion Initiative – Universal Basic Income (March 16)”

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  • Discussion Initiative – Goods and Services Tax GST (March 17)

    Today’s Topic for Discussion is: Goods and Services Tax (GST) Issues: What is GST? What is revenue neutral rate? What are the benefits of GST? Challenges in its implementation? Does GST affect the federal structure of the country? What will be the impact of GST on backward states such as BIMARU? Does the imposition of … Continue reading “Discussion Initiative – Goods and Services Tax GST (March 17)”

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  • 72 UPSC Interview Questions on Security and Disaster Management

    Hi friends! We are approaching the final stage of UPSC Civil Services Exam i.e. the Interview/ Personality Test Stage. As mentioned in my previous article, questions in the UPSC interview can be asked from any topic of General Studies. Internal Security and Disaster Management are the most debated topics of today and certain questions are surely … Continue reading “72 UPSC Interview Questions on Security and Disaster Management”

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  • 72 UPSC Interview Questions on Security and Disaster Management

    Hi friends! We are approaching the final stage of UPSC Civil Services Exam i.e. the Interview/ Personality Test Stage. As mentioned in my previous article, questions in the UPSC interview can be asked from any topic of General Studies. Internal Security and Disaster Management are the most debated topics of today and certain questions are surely … Continue reading “72 UPSC Interview Questions on Security and Disaster Management”

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  • UPSC Interview Special: Do’s and Don’ts

    Note: Interview Discussion Initiative for UPSC Interview – Click Here UPSC Interview: Do’s and Don’ts Give Respect: For your age is the experience of the board members, so show respect by body language and words. Speak truthfully: Truthfully style your answers to sound original, while maintaining your professionalism. Be Ready to Justify: If you are going to negate … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Special: Do’s and Don’ts”

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  • UPSC / IAS Civil Services Interview Initiative and Transcripts

    Welcome to UPSC Interview Initiative! Read UPSC Interview Transcripts at the end of the page: Hobbies Discussion for UPSC Interview – Click here Interview Preparation Thread – Click here Note to Aspirants: You are in the final leg of your battle, and you want to be the last man standing, when the long drawn war is over. You are … Continue reading “UPSC / IAS Civil Services Interview Initiative and Transcripts”

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  • UPSC Interview: Know your state

    How to prepare for questions related to the State of Domicile you belong? You should be aware of what these are and decide how to handle them. This list is far from exhaustive, but the areas the interviewers are looking to find out about your state are almost covered here. This is a from a … Continue reading “UPSC Interview: Know your state”

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  • UPSC Interview: Know your state

    Before you go Further: Know the Interview Tips on How to prepare for UPSC Interview How to prepare for questions related to the State of Domicile you belong? You should be aware of what these are and decide how to handle them. This list is far from exhaustive, but the areas the interviewers are looking to find … Continue reading “UPSC Interview: Know your state”

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  • UPSC INTERVIEW ETIQUETTE: BASICS

    Surprisingly (or unsurprisingly depending on your view of the world), it’s often the basics that let most people down. Our list isn’t exhaustive so if you can suggest any additions we would be glad to include them. Whether your interview is highly subjective or a chance to get to know you, adhere to these basic … Continue reading “UPSC INTERVIEW ETIQUETTE: BASICS”

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  • What are the UPSC Board Members looking for in the Personality Test?

    Welcome to UPSC Interview Initiative! The Interview stage has emerged as the most deciding phase of the exam. The range of marks awarded itself is a proof, it varies between 50 to 240. If the UPSC board feels that a candidate is unsuitable for administration, then it awards very low marks. As a result he may … Continue reading “What are the UPSC Board Members looking for in the Personality Test?”

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  • Expected type of questions from the interview board

    Welcome to UPSC Interview Initiative! What are the things that can trigger a question in the mind of the Interview board? Ans.: The elements in their immediate view. What are these elements? Ans.: First the candidate himself/herself, second his back ground record as revealed from the mains application form, third important events that have happened in … Continue reading “Expected type of questions from the interview board”

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  • FAQ on UPSC Interview Preparation: What to wear?

    Welcome to UPSC Interview Initiative! ƒ Dress sense is of crucial importance. The choice of dress should be according to the weather conditions. Try not to wear newly stitched clothes, as they might make you uneasy.Wear comfortable clothes. Men need to wear light coloured shirt and a dark trouser with a tie. Women appear best in … Continue reading “FAQ on UPSC Interview Preparation: What to wear?”

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  • Preparation for UPSC Interview- The Final Test

    Welcome to UPSC Interview Initiative! Interview is a test of personality and not of knowledge, yet most of the time candidates prepare for enhancing their knowledge base and totally neglect their personality aspect. It is obvious that personality can’t be built in a day but it can certainly be molded in a short time span.Your aim … Continue reading “Preparation for UPSC Interview- The Final Test”

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  • Update: Interview Transcripts UPSC CSE 2016

    List of Interview Scripts of IAS Toppers: Previous Years Why Interview Transcripts? These transcripts are just a collection from different candidates, who may or may not have cleared the Final stage. The purpose of these transcripts is to provide individual experience and how they faced the board. In a way, it affects the way candidates are understood, the information they share, … Continue reading “Update: Interview Transcripts UPSC CSE 2016”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: IFoS, 15th March 2017

    Date – 15 march 2017 P K Joshi Board Afternoon Session Questions were mostly from DAF and Forest, env etc. Chairman Why did you leave job? I answered. C: You studied probability and statistics as a subject in ur graduation. Tell about coefficient of correlation, dispersion, skewness etc. I tried to answer but couldn’t satisfactorily … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: IFoS, 15th March 2017”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 20th March, 1st Day of Interview

    Date: 20th March 2017 (First day of the interview) Session: Forenoon, Duration: 40 Minutes, Board: Mr. Arvind Saxena, Optional: Public Administration, Attempt: Third, Work Experience: ~ 4 Years (An E&P company in Petroleum Sector) Read the Interview Experience Here We will post UPSC Interview Transcripts regularly under the Interview Preparation Initiative. Why Interview Transcripts? These transcripts are just a … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 20th March, 1st Day of Interview”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Shilpi(IRS IT), 20th March 2017

    Why Interview Transcripts? These transcripts are just a collection of UPSC Interview experiences from different candidates. The purpose of these transcripts is to provide individual experience and how they faced the board. In a way, it affects the way candidates are understood, the information they share, and the conclusions drawn. You’ll be able to identify the constraints and opportunities before you when … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Shilpi(IRS IT), 20th March 2017”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: B.S. Bassi Board, Yo_Yo_Choti_Singh

    Name– YoYoChoti Singh (Forum User) Background– ECE Graduate, PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION Hobbies– Try to motivate others especially youth, Online Knowledge sharing and learning Chairman– B.S. Bassi After completing all formalities finally at the door of Board…   Me- May I Step In sir? Chairman Yes please. Me- (came in..stood in front of desk ).. Good morning … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: B.S. Bassi Board, Yo_Yo_Choti_Singh”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Chhatar Singh Board, 20th March 2017

    Interview date: 20 March Afternoon Interview board: Chhatar Singh Background: ECE, BTECH Employment and work-ex 1.5 Year in Intellectual Property Research as Research Analyst. Currently Working in Income Tax Department as an Inspector Domicile: Haryana Hobbies: Jogging Watching serials Chairman What is keeping you engaged these Days? Sir I am working in IT Department, my work … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Chhatar Singh Board, 20th March 2017”

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  • Interview Transcript: B.S. Bassi Board, 20th March 2017

    Interview date: 20th March Interview board: B. S Bassi Background: Graduate in Agril. Engg., MBA from MDI Employment and work-ex: Worked for a shipping company for 13 months Domicile: Haryana Hobbies: Jogging, Reading Autobiographies, Fiction & Journal writing Questions Chairman 1. What brings you here today? 2. Working with a big brand, why do you … Continue reading “Interview Transcript: B.S. Bassi Board, 20th March 2017”

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  • Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board, Already in Service

    Board: Shri Vinay Mittal Already in service(IRS-IT) Hobbies : Blogging, Teaching and Graphology. Optional : Geography Qualification: B.Tech (ECE), PGDESM Duration: 30 Mins Last one to go(Forenoon session) Chairman 1. You are in IRS. kitni training hui hain. Ok we can understand u want to be an IAS but why IPS? 2. Not convinced I said it … Continue reading “Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board, Already in Service”

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  • Interview Transcript: Chattar Singh Board, BTech in CSE

    Board : Chattar Singh Sir Background : BTech in CSE , Optional : PubAd Hobby : Reading Books and Cricket Chairman What keeps u busy nowadays Where is your training What books u read Amartya sen has given some imp concept in development economics So , what is capability approach Could u give example from India Name one … Continue reading “Interview Transcript: Chattar Singh Board, BTech in CSE”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Chhatar Singh Board – Working Professional, Hindi Literature

    Mr. Chhatar Singh 4 members (2 F, 2 M) Hindi Literature, ME background, Working in Power Sector PSU Chairman 1) Sandhi vichhed of name 2) Which books… Which biographies you have read 3) Why we write poems on certain things while many other aspects are seldom touched 4) When Hindi prose came into existence 5) Why in literature prose … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Chhatar Singh Board – Working Professional, Hindi Literature”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board – 28th March, 2017

    Interview date: 28-03-17 Interview board: Arvind Saxena Background: IIT (Chemical Engineering) Employment and work-ex (if applicable): 1 yr work ex in petroleum refinery Domicile: Jaunpur, UP Hobbies: Playing Cricket CHAIRMAN Why you quit your previous job? Skill India Mission is not working well. Only 2% of the institutions can provide marketable skills. This hampers Make in India. … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board – 28th March, 2017”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board – 27th March, 2017

    Interview date: 27-03-2017 Interview board: Vinay Mittal Background: IIT (Metallurgical Engineering) Employment and work-ex (if applicable): IT Domicile: UP Optional: Sociology Hobbies: Playing Cricket, Listening Ghazals Chairman 1. You have a long career in IT. What innovative work you have done there?(i have got few awards in various IT companies) 2. You must have seen new … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board – 27th March, 2017”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Sujata Mehta Board – Computer Science Background, 27th March 2017

    Sujata Mehta Board (Noon session) 27.03.17 Lasted 30 mins roughly Home state: U.P. (Varanasi) Background: B.Tech Comp Science, No Work-ex Optional: Geography Hobbies: Reading crime and Fantasy fiction and Writing fanfiction, Calligraphy, Board Games Read the Interview Transcript Here We will post UPSC Interview Transcripts regularly under the Interview Preparation Initiative. Why Interview Transcripts? These transcripts are just a collection of … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Sujata Mehta Board – Computer Science Background, 27th March 2017”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: B S Bassi Board, 28th March

    Interview Board: B S Bassi Date: 28 march Forenoon Background: BTech Biotech Employment: Solar Sector Chairman What are the current prices in solar sector Do you think they are sustainable? Are they cheaper than coal based generation Cooking your hobby or out of necessity? Tell me some dishes of awadhi cuisine Member 1 How to … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: B S Bassi Board, 28th March”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board, 29th March

    Date– 29 March- Forenoon Board– Vinay Mittal Background– IIT ( Mechanical) State-UP Employment– Manufacturing Consultancy Firm Hobbies-Teaching, Table Tennis, Optional– Geography Chairman Why did you choose geography? Why not make it compulsory to opt for graduation subject in optional? Why did hockey lost its prominent position? ( played hockey in school as well as college) Isn’t … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board, 29th March”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, 27th March (Left PhD in US)

    Interview date: 27-03-17, Afternoon session Interview board: Arvind Saxena Background: Graduate in Geological sciences from IISER Kolkata Employment and work-ex (if applicable): Joined and left Ph.D. in US Domicile: Jaipur, Rajasthan Hobbies: Rajasthani folk and bollywood dancing Chairperson ○ What is integrated BS-MS? ○ So you were in Brown? (I said no, I got a call from there but joined Rice … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, 27th March (Left PhD in US)”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board, 27th March (Left PSU Job)

    Interview date: 27-03-17, Forenoon session Interview board: Sh. Vinay Mittal Background: B-tech, Electrical Engineering,IIT Employment and work-ex : joined and left IOCL Domicile: Agra Hobbies: Astronomy, Cricket. I was first one to be interviewed. It started around 10am and lasted for 25-30 min. Chairman 1. So you have worked in IOCL for some months, Why? 2. … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board, 27th March (Left PSU Job)”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: P.K Joshi Board, 30th March (Already in Service)

    30th march Board– Prof P.K Joshi- Afternoon session…First to go Background– IIT Kanpur- Civil Engg, Already in Service- IRAS Optional – Public administration. Hobbies– Playing the Tabla, Dance State, city- Jaipur, Rajasthan Chairman 1. Graduated in 2013. What have you been doing since then? 2. Who is Rajarshi Tandon? 3. How can you use agriculture waste in … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: P.K Joshi Board, 30th March (Already in Service)”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, 24/03/17

    24/03/17 Arvind Saxena Board Mechanical, PGDM Finance Work Ex: 2 months FMCG Madhya Pradesh Geo Semi classical music, Volunteering for teaching school kids Read the Interview Transcript Here More to come 🙂 We will post UPSC Interview Transcripts regularly under the Interview Preparation Initiative. Why Interview Transcripts? These transcripts are just a collection of UPSC Interview experiences from different … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, 24/03/17”

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  • UPSC IFoS Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, Computer Science, PGDM

    Background: BE(Hons) Computer Science, PGDM Hobbies: Chess, Table Tennis, Listening to music Optional: Maths and Forestry Interview Date: 01/03/2017 Board: Arvind Saxena Related to my work experience (finance) Some questions on 2008 financial crisis Free basics and net neutrality How could Google help Hillary Clinton in supporting her for Presidential Elections US withdrawal from tpp good or bad for … Continue reading “UPSC IFoS Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, Computer Science, PGDM”

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  • UPSC IFoS Interview Transcript: PK Joshi Board

    PK Joshi Board 30 minutes Note: Check Cutoff and Scores: Indian Forest Service Exam, 2016 Here is the Transcript: Chairman Why IFS? – Why such cadre pref? – Why did you leave such good paying job? – ITC… hmm.. do you smoke?  – What steps you suggest to control air pollution? – Hyperloop? – Govt. spent so much on … Continue reading “UPSC IFoS Interview Transcript: PK Joshi Board”

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  • UPSC PYQs

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  • Mains

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: BS Bassi Board, 10 years Experience

    Board BS Bassi Date 23 rd march Background Civil engineer 10 yrs of experience  6 yrs on grp A Post in government department Chairman  Where are you currently posted If I will tell you to make runway in 7 days, how will u proceed. Member 1 What is the status of education of SC & ST children in … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: BS Bassi Board, 10 years Experience”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: BS Bassi Board, Inspector in Central Excise since last 5 Years

    Name: TAR Interview Date: 30.03.2017. Afternoon. Interview Board: Mr. B.S.Bassi. Background: B.Com. University Commerce College, Jaipur. Employment: Inspector, Central Excise since the last 5 Years. Domicile: Jaipur, Rajasthan. Working in Ahmedabad. Hobbies: Playing & Watching Cricket, Lawn Tennis, Table Tennis & Blogging. Optional: Literature of Sanskrit Language. Service Preferences: IAS>IRS(IT)>IRS(C&CE). Last one to be Interviewed. Turn … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: BS Bassi Board, Inspector in Central Excise since last 5 Years”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, March 22

    Date of the UPSC Personality Test: March 22 2017 Head of the UPSC Personality Test Board: Arvind Saxena Duration of the interview: almost 30 minutes, first candidate in the forenoon session Background of the candidate: Home state: Punjab Education: B.E. (Hons.) Mechanical Engineering Work experience: two years at an American Manufacturing firm Optional subject: Philosophy Hobbies/Interests: Calligraphy, Bhangra and Giddha, Gym workouts, Photography … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, March 22”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Shri Vinay Mittal Board

    Background: Mechanical Engineer Optional: Physics Board: Shri Vinay Mittal Transcript Chairman You are having a good background. Why are you working in your present job. – C: Do you think 3 months ministry attachments for new recruits IAS officers is sufficient to make them understand the working of the ministries. – C: what is the … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Shri Vinay Mittal Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 31st march, BS BASSI

    INTERVIEW DATE-31 march 17 INTERVIEW BOARD -BS BASSI BACKGROUND-ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION EMPLOYMENT-NA HOBBIES– WRITING DIARY MEDITATION QUESTIONS Chairman 1.what is the economic, political and geographic importance of malacca strait for India and the world? 2.what is Scarborough shoal? 3.what philippines has done about it? 4.importance of south china sea? Member 1 1.tell me about H1b visa … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 31st march, BS BASSI”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Sujata Mehta Board, ‘TheWhiteTiger’

    Sujata Mehta Mam Board. She was very cordial 🙂 Read the UPSC Interview Transcript Here We will post UPSC Interview Transcripts regularly under the Interview Preparation Initiative. Why Interview Transcripts? These transcripts are just a collection of UPSC Interview experiences from different candidates. The purpose of these transcripts is to provide individual experience and how they faced the board. In a … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Sujata Mehta Board, ‘TheWhiteTiger’”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Chattar Singh, March 29

    Date of the UPSC Personality Test: March 29 2017 Head of the UPSC Personality Test Board: Chattar Singh Sir Duration of the interview: about 30 minutes, last candidate in the afternoon session Background of the candidate: Home state: Bihar (born in Patna,Brought up and presently living in U.P.) Education: B.Tech Electrical Engineering,IIT Optional subject: Electrical Engineering … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Chattar Singh, March 29”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Bassi Sir Board

    Background – Elec, IIT, Workex, Traveling Board: Bassi Sir Chairman – Have you been to cancun..?! What was this competition about? – Don’t worry I am not going to ask you anything about greepeace. i know enough about them… – Where all have you travelled? – Have you been to Machu Picchu? – Tell me about … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Bassi Sir Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Joshi Sir Board, IFoS

    Board: Joshi Sir Chairman – Tell me about your work expereince. How was it? – Tell me about solar policy of India – How much land does it take to setup 1MW solar plant? – Where is the largest solar plant in India? Member 2 – Why people/students don’t take risk? Is it changing? Why? … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Joshi Sir Board, IFoS”

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  • Protected areas

    Protected areas in India

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  • Biodiversity and conservation

    Biodiversity and conservation Due to human intervention in the ecosystem, many species have either extinct or on the verge of extinction. Many initiatives are ongoing all around for the conservation of biodiversity. In this section, we will provide you with updates on all related aspects: Biodiversity and conservation updates/news

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 3rd April, Chhatar Singh Board

    Board: Chhatar Singh sir (03/04/2017) Profile:- B.tech mechanical, 4.3 years Aditya Birla group, currently chief municipal officer M.P. Chairman U r from ****”*, where is it 2. ******** Is famous for ? 3. Tell us the process of cement making and difference between various grades? 4. Equipment of your section , maintenance strategy and suggestions … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 3rd April, Chhatar Singh Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 3rd April, PK Joshi Board

    Interview Date: 03/04/2017, forenoon Board: PK Joshi Background: mechanical engineering, IIT Kgp Hobbies: meditation, hockey, squash, cricket Rajasthan, home state Punjab, birthplace Chairman Similarity between west Bengal and Rajasthan? What is national income? Is students from IIT, aiims, other institutions preparing a loss to national income? How mechanical engineering can be used in civil services? What … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 3rd April, PK Joshi Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 3rd April, Chattar Singh Board (Medico)

    Chattar Singh 03-04-2017 Afternoon session, Third to go Background– Medico Chairman  so where did you do ur internship from c- sir ***** cm-so tell me some incident during mbbs c-sir during my posting at ********* Community Health Centre I was incharge of a ward and conducted deliveries. When a girl child was born mothers would … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 3rd April, Chattar Singh Board (Medico)”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: B S Bassi Board, Programmer

    Interview Board: B S Bassi Date: 29th March (Geo optional) Background: B.Tech in CS Employment: Software Engineer (3 years) Chairman Is this your photo? What was your work profile? Programming etc. What is the most interesting work you did in your job? Told some technical projects What is deep web? Dark web? Explained For what purpose is it … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: B S Bassi Board, Programmer”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: PK Joshi Board, Chemistry Optional

    03/04/2017 PK Joshi Board Morning session Optional-Chemistry Hobbies– Teaching and travelling Domicile– Rajasthan Chemical Engineer, NIT Jalandhar Chairman What is the meaning of ur name? Why students are afraid of maths. How will u encourage them to study maths? How will u develop smart villages? Wht is usage of trigonometry in daily life? Member 1 what … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: PK Joshi Board, Chemistry Optional”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Chhatar Singh Board, Software Developer, March 30

    Chairman: Mr. Chhatar Singh March 30, 2017, Forenoon session, 3rd to go Optional: Anthropology, Background: Computer Engineering, working for around 4 years as software developer. Interests: Swimming, Table Tennis, Computer gaming. Home Town: Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. Chairman  Do you wear specs (in my photo)? Where are they? answered :satisfied  Why should we visit Mathura? What are the things you would … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Chhatar Singh Board, Software Developer, March 30”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 6th April, Chattar Singh Board

    Date– 6th April Board– Chattar Singh Background – Mech Engg State– Maharashtra Optional – History (Rare and Endangered species 🙂 ) Chairperson Is this your photo? -Since your hobby is music, what is the difference between harmonium and piano sound? -(Shows a metal object) how to manufacture this in different ways? Told 3 methods -Which method will … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 6th April, Chattar Singh Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 6th April, AJIT BHOSLE Board

    6TH APRIL FORENOON PANEL OPTIONAL: PSIR B TECH (ENTC) AJIT BHOSLE SIR BOARD Chairman 1)You should do physical exercise.. I also had same physique before joining force… 2)So you do sudarshan kriya…what are its benefits for you…Can you tell me the biological process involved in it… 3)You have good academic record.. Is it due to hard … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 6th April, AJIT BHOSLE Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board, 27th March

    Vinay Mittal Board DOI: 27th March 2017 Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh Graduation: IT, Ghaziabad Optional: Pub. Adm. Hobbies: Movies, Sudoku Chairman Why ghaziabad was in news recently Ch:Question related to Agricultural problem of up, reasons why still lagging,its fluctuation has national consequences why so ?Population of total Ch: you said irrigation as the problem ,but it … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board, 27th March”

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  • Finally Recommended – UPSC Indian Forest Service 2016 Interview Transcript: P. K. Joshi Board, 16/03/2017

    Date: 16/03/2017 Forenoon session Board: P. K. Joshi Sir Background: Studied in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya till 10th. Joined Science College Patna for intermediate. B.Tech in Mining Engineering from ISM Dhanbad Experience: Working at Coal India Limited (CIL) Home state: Bihar Others: Robotics was mentioned in DAF. No question from optional subject Chemistry and Hobby Chairman … Continue reading “Finally Recommended – UPSC Indian Forest Service 2016 Interview Transcript: P. K. Joshi Board, 16/03/2017”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Saxena Sir Board, Dual degree from IITs

    Board: Saxena Sir Last candidate, forenoon, lasted over 35 mins Hobbies: South indian architecture, cricket, cyber game Grad: chemical + hydrocarbon Home: Udaipur, Rajasthan Chairperson You passed out in 2014 what have you been doing till now? Me: Sir, I have been preparing for civil services CP: I see you have a very good profile. Dual … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Saxena Sir Board, Dual degree from IITs”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Full Interview – Arvind Saxena Board, 27-03-17

    Read Interview Transcript Here Observations: I don’t remember all the questions. They didn’t ask me anything on geography, current affairs or even my hobby per se. The questions asked were very general . When I came out I was very happy but now its always like I could have said this or that. I am … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Full Interview – Arvind Saxena Board, 27-03-17”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Air Marshall Bhonsle Board, DrKingSchultz

    Interview Date: 05-04-2017, Duration: 30-35 mins. Interview Board: Air Marshall Bhonsle, Afternoon session, 5th (second last) to enter, entered at 5.15 PM Background: B.D.S from Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Belong to Bharuch, Gujarat. Optional subject: English Literature. Employment and work-ex (if applicable): 8 months at a charitable trust hospital in Bharuch. Domicile: Gujarat. Hobbies: Playing tabla; Listening to … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Air Marshall Bhonsle Board, DrKingSchultz”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: B.S.Bassi Board, April 5th

    Interview date: 05.04.2017 (Afternoon Session) Interview duration: around 30 minutes Interview board: Shri B.S.Bassi Background: B.Tech.(Mechanical Engg.) Employment and work-ex (if applicable): Oil & Gas Sector Optional: Litt of Hindi Language Domicile: Bihar Hobbies: Reading Non-fiction, Interacting with people, Listening to Kishore Kumar I entered into the interview room at 05.30 pm. Chairman 1. Why … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: B.S.Bassi Board, April 5th”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, April 5th, Quora User

    Board : Arvind Saxena (5th April FN) Profile: Jharkhand state, IIT, graduate in Computer science Software job 1.5 yrs Geography optional, 2nd attempt Chairman 1. What is Quora? (My hobby) 2. Why did you leave your job? 2. Why seats​ in airplane are not inclined at the time of take off ? Why windows are open at take … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, April 5th, Quora User”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: BS Bassi Board, 23rd March, IIT Delhi

    BS Bassi Board 23rd March 2017 Afternoon Session, Last one, Duration 45 minutes (or more) Background: Jitendra Sharma, Category ‐General, IIT Delhi, 2008 batch passout – Dual Degree (Chemical Engg) Working in a French Major Oil and gas (Total France) since 8.5 years based in Paris Read the Interview Transcript Here  We will post UPSC Interview Transcripts regularly under the Interview Preparation Initiative. Why … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: BS Bassi Board, 23rd March, IIT Delhi”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board, J&K, NGO Experience

    Interview Date: March 2017 Interview Board: Mr. Vinay Mittal Background: Electronics and Communication Domicile: J&K Hobbies: Working for NGO Awards Section: Filled with Climate Change issues (:P) Read the Interview Transcript Here  We will post UPSC Interview Transcripts regularly under the Interview Preparation Initiative. Why Interview Transcripts? These transcripts are just a collection of UPSC Interview experiences from different candidates. … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Vinay Mittal Board, J&K, NGO Experience”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, Working in PSU

    21st March, 2017 Last to go Arvind Saxena Board Mech engineer, Mech optional, Working in PSU Chairman (looked at DAF, you have done this this etc etc ) What is your area of working, manufacturing , it , or clerical type ???? — sir , i am in material management , procurement . Is it … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, Working in PSU”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Chattar Singh Board, First attempt, History Optional

    Time– 25 to 30 minutes. Chattar Singh panel. Qualification– Mechanical Engineering 2015 pass out First attempt, History Optional Chairperson was grim faced while others were cordial and smiling. Chairperson CP-Is this your photo? Me- Yes sir. CP- Father’s name seems incomplete Me- tried to explain but he cut me short. He looked at DAF and said your DAF … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Chattar Singh Board, First attempt, History Optional”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, Anthropology Optional, Vipassana

    Board : Arvind Saxena Interview lasted for 20-25 minutes Hobby: numismatics , vipassana Graduation : B.tech(I.T) Optional : Anthropology Chairman So Mr. X you have done b.tech in 2012. What are doing since then? Tell me issues associated with start up these days? But IT people now a days starting cab and food type startup only. How they are … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Arvind Saxena Board, Anthropology Optional, Vipassana”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: PK Joshi Board, Maths Optional

    PK Joshi Board Maths optional; morning slot I entered the room; the CM was smiling. I wished all of them and was asked to take my seat. Chairman 1. You have an excellent academic record, why don’t you for research? A: Thank you sir but I always wanted to join CS. 2. In a school in a … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: PK Joshi Board, Maths Optional”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 3rd UPSC and 2nd IAS interview

    This was my 3rd UPSC and 2nd IAS interview. So, I already knew the procedure. I am currently in IFS. But in such interview you never feel fully confident because of sheer pressure in those moments is quite high. As expectations are high not only your personal but also people who know you. And to do justice to … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 3rd UPSC and 2nd IAS interview”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Chattar Singh Board, PubAd, BCom and MBA

    Name: Deven keshwala Graduation: BCom and MBA Optional: Public administration Experience: 7 years (2 yr power + 5 yr dairy sector) Hobby: swimming and cricket Interview Board: Mr Chattar Singh Forenoon 5th April time 35 mins approx Chairman  So tell me who is famous from Porbandar apart from you? Why is he famous? Why should a person be … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Chattar Singh Board, PubAd, BCom and MBA”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Air Marshal Ajit Shankarrao Bhonsle (AVSM, VSM) Board, ‘kashmir’, Last one to go

    Interview Transcript of ‘kashmir’ (ForumIAS User) i was the last one to go. Chairman was Bhosle sir. He was the best man that day 🙂  i got too nervous that i fumbled even while wishing the board, all my anxiety came in my voice …i don’t know how much he will give me but it was … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Air Marshal Ajit Shankarrao Bhonsle (AVSM, VSM) Board, ‘kashmir’, Last one to go”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Air Marshal Ajit Bhosale Board, 7th April, Did not join CAPF

    Board– Air Marshal Ajit Bhosale sir Date – 7-04-2017 Afternoon session first one to be interviewed Background– So the day came and that moment came for what I had taken a great risk 4 years back by not joining capf and continued my studies, I reached UPSC gate 12.50pm, met Raju Bhaiya of ABVP, already positive environment started … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Air Marshal Ajit Bhosale Board, 7th April, Did not join CAPF”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: ARVIND SAXENA BOARD, AIR HOLDER IN CA & CS

    ARVIND SAXENA BOARD FORENOON PERSONAL PROFILE-C.A,C.S,B.COM ALL INDIA RANK HOLDER IN BOTH CA AND CS HOBBY-PRANAYAMA WORKING DETAILS– PARTNER AT A C.A FIRM FOR THE LAST 1.5 YEAR 2ND ATTEMPT AGE– 25 YEARS STATE– RAJASTHAN CHAIRMAN 1.WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY TAX HEAVENS? 2.WHY DONT ALL COUNTRIES TOGETHER TAKE ACTION AGAINST THEM? 3.NAME SOME TAX HEAVENS? … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: ARVIND SAXENA BOARD, AIR HOLDER IN CA & CS”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: ARVIND SAXENA BOARD, Central Excise Inspector

    Hello friends..my board was Mr. Saxena….hobby ~playing cricket, watching movies Currently working in cbec board as central excise Inspector..interview date 30 march…I am posting the full script Very late as I was busy with my training..please review it Chairman china is influencing our neighbours..then how can we counter china Me~ sir, India is having very … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: ARVIND SAXENA BOARD, Central Excise Inspector”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Interview in Hindi, Chattar Singh Board

    Posting my interview transcript. Medium: Hindi( was waiting ki english me kuch to puche par pure interview kuch nahi pucha. ) Board: shri chatar singh ji. Forenoon Chairman why is @$# famous for Me: Garment industry and export of that product in international markets Ch: but why your city, not others in india Me: sir … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Interview in Hindi, Chattar Singh Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Medical Science Optional, Chattar Singh Board

    Optional- Medical science Hobbies-Cooking, Playing virtual games, Watching MMA (UFC). Extra-curricular-Business quiz, debates, general quiz. Board- Chattar singh Entered with a smile, luckily female member was looking at me, wished her then chairman and then all individually 🙂  Chairman CM-have a seat CM-is this you ( yes sir) CM-are you from ——- (yes sir born … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Medical Science Optional, Chattar Singh Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 21st April, Arvind Saxena Board

    Interview Date: 21/04/2017 Background: Graduation Geography(Hons.), Masters (Geo) Optional: Philosophy 2nd Interview Board: Arvind Saxena Chairman 1. What is GIS… 2. Database of GIS…. 3. there are zoo in India , do you not think catching Someone in cage is not bad? 4. Sagarmala project. 5. Do you know last mile connectivity. 6. In India … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 21st April, Arvind Saxena Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: Hindi Medium Candidate, Ajit Bhosle Board

    Optional: Hindi literature Medium Hindi Hobby: fiction and cricket Board: Ajit bhosle sir At the start Chairman told me We are going to assess your personalty in coming 15 to 20 mins, are you ready for that.Make yourself comfortable. Chairman 1 asked on my name which is related to a direction. Asked me to draw … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: Hindi Medium Candidate, Ajit Bhosle Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: ‘deusAdeeb’, Already in IRS, M.Sc. Economics and B.E. Computer Science, BITS Pilani

    M.Sc. Economics and B.E. Computer Science, BITS Pilani IRS(Customs) probationer since Dec 2015. Ajitb hosale board and Aruna Bahuguna madam as a panellist. Last candidate..like the last one in all boards combined. I enter, Chairman greets me. Chairman Mr. Pathan, you are an extremely academically successful candidate, your parents must be proud of you. Not … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: ‘deusAdeeb’, Already in IRS, M.Sc. Economics and B.E. Computer Science, BITS Pilani”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 204 Marks in Interview, IFS Topper, Aishwarya Raj

    VOTE OF THANKS I wanted to convey my heartfelt thanks to ForumIAS for making such an amazing platform that has been extremely helpful for clearing all types of doubt-clearing for aspirants. I have been a regular Test Taker at ForumIAS and have appeared for nearly all the Open Tests. Interview Transcript: It was an interview … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 204 Marks in Interview, IFS Topper, Aishwarya Raj”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript: 204 Marks in Interview, IFS Topper, Aishwarya Raj

    Interview Transcript: It was an interview (Personality Test) to remember for several reasons, one of them indeed being scoring 204, one of the highest marks this year, other being this was the longest interview I faced till now. Here we go with the transcript? Board: Shri Arvind Saxena Date: 27th February , 2017 Time: 9 am … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript: 204 Marks in Interview, IFS Topper, Aishwarya Raj”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : Arvind Saxena Board, Mechanical, PGDM Finance

    24/03/17 Arvind Saxena Board Mechanical, PGDM Finance Work Ex: 2 months, FMCG Madhya Pradesh, Semiclassical music, Volunteering for teaching school kids. Read the Interview Transcript Here

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : Chattar Singh, 27th March, Civil Engineering Background

    Interview Experience– Board – Chattar Singh Date: 27th March Graduation– Civil Engineering Optional Subject– Public Administration Hobby– Watching movies and playing cricket Transcript Chairman You have no spects in your photo? Me- Sir due to glare effect while getting photographed. Ch- No other technical reason? Me- No sir Ch- You should wear your spects no matter … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript : Chattar Singh, 27th March, Civil Engineering Background”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : PK Joshi Board, 19th April 2017, Political Science

    Name Patil Pranjal Lahensingh State Maharashtra Background- BA in political science. MA and M.Phil from JNU Optional- PSIR Hobby- reading biography, autobiography, doing voluntary work Present service- PnT Accounts and Finance Service Board- Prof. PK Joshi Date- 19 april 2017 Afternoon  session Chairperson Your name is Pranjal. Right? Yes sir. In Maharashtra, we write our … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript : PK Joshi Board, 19th April 2017, Political Science”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : 02/05/17, ARVIND SAXENA BOARD, IIT KANPUR

    DATE– 02/05/17 BACKGROUND– IIT KANPUR, CIVIL ENGINEERING OPTIONAL– LAW Read the Interview Transcript Here Analysis CHAIRMAN WAS BEHAVING NORMALLY MEANS NEITHER VERY STRICT NOR VERY CORDIAL. M1 PISSED ME OFF THE MOMENT HE OPENED HIS MOUTH AND CONTINUED DOING SO TILL HE STOPPED. F,M2,M3 WERE TALKING VERY NICELY AND BEHAVING VERY CORDIALLY. CH,F,M2,M3 WERE ATTENTIVE … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript : 02/05/17, ARVIND SAXENA BOARD, IIT KANPUR”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : 02/05/2017, Air Marshal Ajit Shankarrao Bhonsle, IIT Kharagpur, Integrated M.Sc Economics

    02/05/2017 Board: Air Marshal Ajit Shankarrao Bhonsle Alma Mater: IIT Kharagpur, Integrated M.Sc Economics Home State: Uttar Pradesh Optional: Economics Hobby/Interest: Chess and Political Economy Read the Interview Transcript Here

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : 28-04-2017, Working as Junior Engineer

    Interview date: 28-04-2017 Board: chatter aingh Afternoon 4th person to be interviewed. Background : B.Tech. E.E.E , working as junior engineer in central public works department. Chairman So,You read books.. what kind of books you read? Why you read books? What are the books you read recently?? How can you buy an air-conditioner in the market … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript : 28-04-2017, Working as Junior Engineer”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : Air Marshal Ajit Bhosale Board, M.Ed. MA , M.Phil.

    Date – 7-04-2017 Afternoon session first one to be interviewed Name- Divyanshu Patel Qualification – M.Ed. MA, M.Phil. 26 yr Board– Air Marshal Ajit Bhosale sir Background So the day came and that moment came for what i had taken a great risk 4 years back by not joining capf and continued my studies, I reached UPSC … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript : Air Marshal Ajit Bhosale Board, M.Ed. MA , M.Phil.”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : Sujata Mehta, 3.5 years in NTPC, ESE-13

    Interview date: 26th april, 5:25 pm onwards, Duration: around 40 min Board: Sujata Mehta Hobby: teaching Optional: geography Job experience- 3.5 years in NTPC Ltd and currently working in central water commission (thru ESE-13) I was last candidate that day. Chairman 1. Is this your photo 2. So u r working in central water commission … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript : Sujata Mehta, 3.5 years in NTPC, ESE-13”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : Hindi medium, Arts Graduate, 5th mains, 3rd Interview, PK Joshi Board

    24 April, morning session, 5th and last candidate, Hindi medium, background Arts Graduate(2005), PG (2015), Third interview(2009,2012), 5th mains(09,10,12,14,16), General Male, optional History, PK Joshi Board Chairman Why Xth and XIIth from different schools ? How was it possible to have double MA(PG) in same years ? You were a teacher till 2011, why you … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript : Hindi medium, Arts Graduate, 5th mains, 3rd Interview, PK Joshi Board”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : Vinay Mittal Board, 5th May, Indian Economic Service

    Vinay Mittal Board 5-5-2017 Optional– economics Education– B.com and MA (Eco) Domicile– Delhi Hobby: art n craft, jute work, cooking Service– Indian Economic Service, posted in the Ministry of I&B Chairman 1. Why u want to join another service? Won’t you lose seniority? You will have to start again as probationer. (Ans- I want to … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript : Vinay Mittal Board, 5th May, Indian Economic Service”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : P K Joshi, PMRDF in Bihar, IRS(C&CE)

    Profile– B.Tech (Civil Engineering), PMRDF in Bihar, IRS(C&CE) Optional– Philosophy Hobbies/Interests- Writing Letters, To understand development aspects and models of Indian states primarily Bihar Time duration– Around 30-35 mins Chairman 1- Enquiring about my profile and what all have been done till now. 2- Tell me all about Gautam Buddha, His early life, childhood name … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript : P K Joshi, PMRDF in Bihar, IRS(C&CE)”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : First interview, 27th April, Mechanical engineer

    Mechanical Engineer 2nd attempt, First interview 27-April. B.Tech Mechanical engineering, Optional Mechanical engineering. Hobbies : Cricket, Singing Chairman 1. What’s your roll number. 2. How Mechanical engineering can help in administrative services 3. Why IAS is your first preference ? why not IPS 4. Why BCCI was against DRS (cricket being a hobby) , how does “Hot … Continue reading “UPSC Interview Transcript : First interview, 27th April, Mechanical engineer”

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  • UPSC Interview Transcript : Investment Banking and Teaching Background

    Read the Interview Transcript Here  My concerns: A. Unceremonious ending – I was stooped and interview got over B. Goofed up in TRUMP question C. Was hardly countered in any answer ( don’t know its good or bad ) D. Some answers were not as fluent. E. Don’t know mentioning of farmer suicide in NPA ques was good or bad

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  • Interview Transcripts – Reading Books as a Hobby

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a Hobby -wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Political Science Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Anthropology Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • UPSC Interview Transcripts – Geography Optional

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We provide the Optional-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – Sports as a Hobby

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a Hobby -wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – Bhim Sen Bassi Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – Bharat Bhushan Vyas Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – M. Sathyavathy Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – Manoj Soni Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts –Bhim Sen Bassi Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – Smita Nagraj Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – Sujata Mehta Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Environment Definitions

    Single-use plastics Migratory Bird Environmental Sustainability Clean Energy Low carbon Technology Biodiversity hotspots Decarbonization

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  • Interview Transcripts – Smita Nagraj Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – PK Joshi Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts  

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  • Interview Transcripts – Marshal Bhonsle Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Interview Transcripts – TCA Anant Board

    UPSC Civil Services Examination We are providing a board-wise list of Interview Transcripts

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  • Social Issues Definitions

    Preventive care infant mortality rate (IMR) Social security benefits Pandemic and epidemic Big techs Global health inequities Cold chain systems  Zoonotic diseases

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  • Important Judgments

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  • Important Reports and Index

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  • Personalities in News

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  • Other History related updates

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  • Ethics and related updates

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  • Miscellaneous informations in news

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  • Government Bills Acts Laws and regulations

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  • Government Schemes and Programs

       

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  • International Organisations

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  • Important Current Affairs for UPSC IAS Prelims 2021

    Some sections or sub-topics are very important for UPSC Prelims. These sections cut across

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  • Judgements by court, tribunal etc.

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  • Society Definitions

    Remote Shared Medical Appointments E-Sanjeevani platform

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  • UPSC Civil Service Examination Interview Transcripts

    On this page, you can access interview transcripts of UPSC Civil Service Exam toppers. We are providing a year-wise and board-wise list of Interview Transcripts. UPSC Civil Services Interview Transcripts: 2016 | 2017 | 2018 | 2019  (PDF) Common Questions Based on Hobby: Click Hare  Board wise Interview Transcripts 2019: BOARD: BHIM SEN BASSI | … Continue reading “UPSC Civil Service Examination Interview Transcripts”

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  • Polity Definitions

    Co-operative federalism Judicial review Bicameralism  Voice Vote separation of power Defamation Sedition Decentralised approach Parliamentary privileges. Co-operative federalism

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  • Security Issues and Disaster Management Definitions

    Non-lapsable defence fund Toolkit conspiracy case Ceasefire Violation

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  • Legislation, Policy and Others Definitions

    Section 69A of Information and Technology Act 2000 (I.T Act) National Commission of the Safai Karmachari (NCSK)

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  • Science and Technology Definitions

    Industrial Revolution(IR 4.0) Geo-spatial data Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping Zero-COVID-19 strategy Toolkit  India stack  health stack Traditional knowledge Raman effect Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Jezero crater

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  • International Organisations and Relations Definitions

    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) East Container Terminal (ECT) agreement Confidence-Building Measures (CBM) Line of Actual Control (LAC) Apartheid Universal Declaration of Human Rights P5+1 members E3+3 members FATF Grey list FATF Blacklist Generalized Scheme of Preferences

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  • Agriculture Definitions

    Doubling Farmers income Minimum Support Price (MSP) Organic fertilizers

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  • Economy Definitions

    Revenue deficit grants Central excise duty Vertical devolution capital expenditure High net-worth individuals (HNIs) superannuation funds Minimum wages Consumer Price Index Trickle-down effect economic justice Debt trap  Knowledge Economy Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D Disinvestment Retrospective Taxation

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  • Union Territories and Special Areas

    UNION TERRITORIES AND SPECIAL AREAS   ‘Union Territories’ were constituted in 1956 by the 7th Constitutional Amendment Act (1956) and the States Re-organization Act (1956). Some of these union territories have been elevated to statehood like Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Goa, which are states today were formerly union territories. Currently there … Continue reading “Union Territories and Special Areas”

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  • Judiciary

    # Supreme Court SUPREME COURT The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial court and the final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of judicial review Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court (Article 124) Parliament by law determines the number of judges. Appointed by the … Continue reading “Judiciary”

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  • Local Self Government

    LOCAL GOVERNMENT Local Self Government is the management of local affairs by such local bodies who have been elected by the local people. PRI was constitutionalized through the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 to build democracy at the grass roots level and was entrusted with the task of rural development in the country. After the … Continue reading “Local Self Government”

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  • Parliament and State Legislature

    Parliament The Parliament is the legislative organ of the Union Government. Part V of the Constitution from Article 79 to Article 122 provides provisions for the Parliament. Article 79 – The Parliament to consist (President + council of states + House of people). Composition of Rabha Sabha (Article 80) Authorized strength 250: 238 (States + … Continue reading “Parliament and State Legislature”

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  • State Executive

    Part VI of the Constitution containing Articles 153 to 167 deals with the government in the States. The state executive consists of the Governor, the Chief Minister, the Council of Minister and the Advocate General of the state. # Governor THE GOVERNOR The Governor is the constitutional head of the State Government. He plays a … Continue reading “State Executive”

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  • Miscellaneous

    # Creation and altering of States CREATION AND ALTERING OF STATES Article 3 – Provides power to the Parliament to: Form a new state. Increase the area of any state. Diminish area of any state. Alter the boundaries of any state. Alter the name of any state Procedure to create a new state Under Article … Continue reading “Miscellaneous”

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  • Important Acts

    # THE REPRESENTATION OF THE PEOPLE ACT THE REPRESENTATION OF THE PEOPLE ACT To ensure the conduct of elections in free, fair and in an impartial manner, the constitution-makers incorporated Part XV (Article 324-Article 329) in the constitution and empowered Parliament to make laws to regulate the electoral process. In this context, the Parliament has … Continue reading “Important Acts”

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  • Constitutional Bodies

      ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA The Constitution provides Election Commission of India with the power of direction, superintendence, and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the office of president of India and the office of vice-president of India. Permanent, independent body established under Article 324 The body consists of one chief election commissioner and … Continue reading “Constitutional Bodies”

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  • Extra Constitutional Bodies

    NITI AAYOG Planning Commission was replaced by a new institution – NITI AAYOG on January 1, 2015 with emphasis on ‘Bottom –Up’ approach to envisage the vision of Maximum Governance, Minimum Government, echoing the spirit of ‘Cooperative Federalism’. The composition of NITI Aayog is as follows: Chairperson: Prime Minister Vice-Chairperson: To be appointed by Prime-Minister Governing Council: Chief … Continue reading “Extra Constitutional Bodies”

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  • Union Executive

    The Union Executive consists of the President, the Vice President, the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers, and the Attorney General of India. # President PRESIDENT The President is the Head of the State, the first citizen of India. Article 52 – There shall be a President of India. Article 53 – Executive Power of … Continue reading “Union Executive”

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  • Federal Structure of Indian Polity

    # What is Federal Polity A federal constitution establishes the dual polity with the Union at the Centre and the States at the periphery, each endowed with the sovereign powers to be exercised in the field assigned to them respectively by the constitution. # Indian Federal System In the Indian federal set-up, the constitution divides … Continue reading “Federal Structure of Indian Polity”

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  • Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties

    #1 What are Directive Principles Dr. BR Ambedkar described the Directive Principles as the “novel features” of the Indian Constitution. Directive principles, combined with the Fundamental rights have been described as the ‘conscience of the constitution’. The provisions of Directive principles are contained in the Part IV of the constitution from Article 36 to 51. … Continue reading “Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties”

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  • S&T Quiz/MCQs

    Science &Tech – 2012 – 2018 I Science &Tech – 2012 – 2018 II Science &Tech – 2012 – 2018 III Science &Tech – 2012 – 2018 IV Science &Tech – 2019 Science &Tech – 2020

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  • Geography Quiz/MCQs

    Geography 2012 – 2018 Geography 2012 – 2018 II Geography 2012 – 2018 III Geography  2019 Geography 2020

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  • Polity Quiz/MCQs

    Polity – 2012 – 2018 Polity – 2012 – 2018 II Polity – 2012 – 2018 III Polity – 2012 – 2018 IV Polity – 2012 – 2018 V Polity – 2019 Polity – 2020

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  • Economy Quiz/MCQs

    Economics 2012 – 2018 – Part I Economics 2012 – 2018 – Part II Economics 2012 – 2018 Part III Economics 2012 – 2018  Part IV Economics 2012 – 2018 PART V Economics 2019 Economics 2020

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  • Environment Quiz/MCQs

    Environment 2012 – 2018 Environment 2012 – 2018 II Environment 2012 – 2018 III Environment 2012 – 2018 IV Environment 2012 – 2018 V Environment 2019 Environment 2020

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  • Ancient/Medieval History Quiz/MCQs

    Ancient/Medieval History MCQs  2018 – I  Ancient/Medieval History  MCQs  2018 – II Ancient/Medieval History  2019  Ancient/Medieval History 2020  

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  • Art & Culture Quiz/MCQs

    Art and Culture – 2012 – 2018 part -I Art and Culture – 2012 – 2018 Part – ii Art and Culture – 2019 Art and Culture – 2020   

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  • Social and Schemes Quiz/MCQs

    SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT & SCHEMES I SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT & SCHEMES II SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT & SCHEMES III SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT & SCHEMES IV

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  • International Relation Quiz/MCQs

    International Relations I International Relations – 2012-2018 International Relations II International Relations – 2019 International Relations III Inernational Relations – 2020

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  • Modern History Quiz/MCQs

    Modern History Part I Modern History Part II Modern History Part III Modern History Part IV Modern History 2020

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  • UPSC Prelims Previous Year Question Quiz

    About UPSC Prelims Previous Year Questions This page contains subject-wise UPSC Prelims Previous Year questions, starting from 2012 till 2020. Following is the list of Subjects or you can click on any of the subjects on the left sidebar: ANCIENT/MEDIEVAL HISTORY ART & CULTURE ECONOMY ENVIRONMENT GEOGRAPHY INTERNATIONAL RELATION MODERN HISTORY POLITY S&T SOCIAL AND … Continue reading “UPSC Prelims Previous Year Question Quiz”

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  • Objectives enshrined in the Preamble and their importance 

    JUSTICE – The term Justice in the Preamble embraces three distinct forms: Social, economic and political. 1) Social justice in the Preamble means that the Constitution wants to create a more equitable society based on equal social status. 2) Economic justice means equitable distribution of wealth among the individual members of the society so that wealth … Continue reading “Objectives enshrined in the Preamble and their importance “

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  • Fundamental Rights

    #1 What are  Fundamental Rights Referred to as the “Magna Carta” of India, Fundamental Rights have been mentioned in the Part III of the constitution from Article 12 to 35. These are basic human rights , guaranteed and protected by the constitution. They are justiciable in nature. Thus defended and guaranteed by the Supreme Court. … Continue reading “Fundamental Rights”

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  • Important features of the constitution of India

    Peculiar features of Indian Constitution are as follows: 1. Lengthiest Constitution in the World ( 448 articles and 12 Schedules) 2. Framed From Different Sources 3. Federal System with Unitary Features:- Indian Constitution includes major  federal characteristics of governance such as:-(1) Dual government system (center and state) (2)Division of powers between the three state organs … Continue reading “Important features of the constitution of India”

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  • Amendment to the Preamble

    The 42nd Amendment to the Constitution – amended the Preamble and changed the following: 1) Description of India from “sovereign democratic republic” to a “sovereign, socialist secular democratic republic” 2) Changed the words “unity of the nation” to “unity and integrity of the nation”

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  • Is the Preamble a part of the Indian Constitution 

    Interpretation by the Supreme Court: 1. Berubari Union case, 1960 – The Supreme Court said that the Preamble shows the general purposes behind the several provisions in the Constitution, and is thus a key to the minds of  the makers of the Constitution. Despite this recognition of the significance of the Preamble, the Supreme Court … Continue reading “Is the Preamble a part of the Indian Constitution “

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  • What is preamble

    The Preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement which reflects the hopes and aspirations of the people. The preamble can be referred to as the preface which highlights the entire Constitution. It embodies the basic philosophy the basic philosophy and the fundamental values on which our constitution is based.

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  • Preamble and Salient Features of The Indian Constitution

    #1 What is Preamble? The Preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement that reflects the hopes and aspirations of the people. The preamble can be referred to as the preface which highlights the entire Constitution. It embodies the basic philosophy and the fundamental values on which our constitution is based. #2 … Continue reading “Preamble and Salient Features of The Indian Constitution”

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  • Gardening as a hobby

    1) When you developed this hobby? 2) What is the scientific name of rose? 3) In which season sunflower is grown, how much time it takes to flower, what is the appropriate fertilizer for it? 4) What type of fertilizers do you use? 5) Tell major components of fertilizers 6) What is your view on … Continue reading “Gardening as a hobby”

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  • Most Important Issues for Interview [CSE 2020]

    Hello All, As is the annual ritual we are coming up with a list of important issues / editorials / summaries  you must for your Interview. #0 Bills & Policies https://blog.forumias.com/overexpansion-of-iits-will-reduce-its-standards/ #1 National / Polity Issues for CSE Interview 2020 #2 Social Issues for CSE Interview 2020 #3 International Issues for CSE Interview 2020 #4 … Continue reading “Most Important Issues for Interview [CSE 2020]”

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  • PUBLIC SPEAKING as a hobby

    What are the various forms of public speaking ? Know about their salient features and differences. Who all would you rate as eminent public speakers and what aspects of their public speaking ability appeal to you ? What would you regard as the most important aspect of public speaking ? Language , Delivery , Body … Continue reading “PUBLIC SPEAKING as a hobby”

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  • PLAYING MUSICIAL INSTRUMENTS as a hobby

    Which instrument do you play ? Know about the instruments and their basics and some of their famous players. Have understanding about music and its forms. What are the essential elements of Indian musical instruments and how is it different from western instruments. What is Guru- Shishya Parampara in learning musical instruments? Know about electronic/synthesized … Continue reading “PLAYING MUSICIAL INSTRUMENTS as a hobby”

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  • PHOTOGRAPHY AS A HOBBY

    1) What kind of gear do you use? Camera body – Lens – Tripod – Filters – Flash – Camera bag 2) Which is your favorite lens? Why? 3) When you go in one of your travels, what all you take with you? Why? 4) Among the gadgets that you own, is there something that … Continue reading “PHOTOGRAPHY AS A HOBBY”

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  • Yoga as a hobby

    What is Yoga ? Know about genesis of Yoga , Patanjali yoga etc ? What is Aasan , Pranayam , Mudra and other aspects of yoga ? Which Aasanas or what form of yoga is practiced by you and level of proficiency ? How did you learn yoga ? What is the effect of Yoga … Continue reading “Yoga as a hobby”

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  • Watching Movies as a hobby

    What type of movies do you watch ? Hindi , English , Regional ? Which genre of movies do you watch ? Action , Suspense , Melodrama , Romantic , No specific choice ? Which is your favorite movie and why ? Who are your favorite actors ? Compare and analyze hindi movies vis-a vis … Continue reading “Watching Movies as a hobby”

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  • Hockey as a hobby

    (i) What is the reason for decline of India’s performance in International arena, (viz. lack of infrastructure, training facilities, money in the game, international coaches, besides impact of issues like association politics, decline in interest among youngsters, etc. (ii) At what level have you played Hockey viz. school, college, district, club, etc. At what position do you play? (viz. Centre- … Continue reading “Hockey as a hobby”

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  • Football (Soccer) as a hobby

    (i) What is the position you play at? At which level have you played? viz. School, College, Club, etc. (ii) What are the physical and other traits essential for being a good footballer? viz. body and ball control, swiftness and agility, power, coordination etc. (iii) Know about India’s ranking in the world, prominent sporting clubs in India, organisations and competitions held in India, successes of … Continue reading “Football (Soccer) as a hobby”

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  • Judo/Karate and Other Martial Arts as a hobby

    i) What is Judo and what is Karate? What are the fundamental techniques of self defence which are employed in them viz. speed, agility, flexibility, balance, etc.? What role does strength play? (ii) Know briefly about their history/origin, spread to various parts of world etc., What has been the role of media/movies in its popularity and public perception about martial arts? Whether … Continue reading “Judo/Karate and Other Martial Arts as a hobby”

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  • Lawn tennis as a hobby

    (i) Know about fundamental traits required, rules, regulations, prominent sporting events(viz. the four grand slams) ATP events held in India. (ii) Know about legends and important players associated with this game and have a brief idea about their achievements(Rod Laver, Don Budge, Maureen Connolly, Bjom Borg, John McEnroe, Martina Navaratilova, Steffi Graf, Pete Sampras, Roger Federer, etc.) and Indian players(like … Continue reading “Lawn tennis as a hobby”

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  • SINGING as a hobby

    What is your style of singing – light music, Ghazal, Bhajans, folk songs? What is your level of singing i.e novice/bathroom singer, beginner, amateur, professional? Are you self taught or have received some kind of formal training? Who is your Guru and in which Gharana you were trained? Have you participated in any competition at … Continue reading “SINGING as a hobby”

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  • Table tennis as a hobby

    (i) Know about the rules and regulations, terminologies e.g. types of grips, shots (backhand, forehand, slice, jab, topspin, etc.) associated with it. (ii) Know about prominent nations which are dominating this game. India’s position in the world/amongst Asian nations. Has India won any medals at the international level? (iii) Know about prominent Indian and international players in this game. (iv) What is … Continue reading “Table tennis as a hobby”

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  • Chess as a hobby

    (i) At what level do you play Chess viz. college, club, amateur, professional internet Chess, or just for fun. (ii) Know in brief about the history of this game, important players specially in India(V. Anand, Dibyendu Barua, S.S. Ganguly, Koenru Humpy etc. and other G.Ms., Kasparov, Karpov Kamsky, Kramnik,, Bobby Fischer, Topalov, etc) Know about tournaments professional bodies … Continue reading “Chess as a hobby”

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  • READING NOVELS as a hobby

    What kind of novels do you read ? ( Hindi , English , regional languages , fiction , non fiction , short stories , pulp fiction etc ) Your favorite authors / novels ? The last recently read novel ? What did you like about it ? Standard and volume of literature in regional languages … Continue reading “READING NOVELS as a hobby”

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  • PUBLIC SPEAKING as a hobby

    What are the various forms of public speaking ? Know about their salient features and differences. Who all would you rate as eminent public speakers and what aspects of their public speaking ability appeal to you ? What would you regard as the most important aspect of public speaking ? Language , Delivery , Body … Continue reading “PUBLIC SPEAKING as a hobby”

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  • PLAYING MUSICIAL INSTRUMENTS

    Which instrument do you play ? Know about the instruments and their basics and some of their famous players. Have an understanding of music and its forms. What are the essential elements of Indian musical instruments and how is it different from western instruments. What is Guru- Shishya Parampara in learning musical instruments? Know about … Continue reading “PLAYING MUSICIAL INSTRUMENTS”

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  • PHOTOGRAPHY AS A HOBBY

    1) What kind of gear do you use? Camera body – Lens – Tripod – Filters – Flash – Camera bag 2) Which is your favorite lens? Why? 3) When you go in one of your travels, what all you take with you? Why? 4) Among the gadgets that you own, is there something that … Continue reading “PHOTOGRAPHY AS A HOBBY”

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  • PAINTING , DRAWING AND SKETCHING as a hobby

    What is the difference between the three art forms? What are the salient elements of each? What kind of painting/sketching is done by you > Oil color s, watercolors , pastels, landscapes, human portraits, etc? Have a basic understanding of the techniques of the art form your are proficient in along with knowledge of various … Continue reading “PAINTING , DRAWING AND SKETCHING as a hobby”

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  • MEDITATION as a hobby

    What is meditation? Which form of meditation do you practice and what is your objective? What is the impact or the benefits of meditation? Is there any correlation between meditation and yoga, meditation and spirituality, religion and meditation? Are they mutually exclusive? Should meditation and yoga be made a part of the educational curriculum in … Continue reading “MEDITATION as a hobby”

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  • Gaming/ E Sports as a hobby

    1. Offline vs Online Games 2. What games are a part of E-Sports? 3. WHO classified gaming addiction as a mental disorder,your views on it? 4. Games like PUBG and impact on mental health of youth. 5. Can games like Counter-Strike be considered as a sport?

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  • Swimming as a hobby

    1. Strokes/ styles – butterfly, freestyle, individual medley, backstroke. 2. Rules of the game 3. Michael Phelps.- why he won so many medals? 4. Olympics, World Aquatics Championships- sport details 5. Indian swimmers- name few 6. Open water swimming 7. Where in India swimming sport can be developed? 8. Size of swimming pool at Olympics? … Continue reading “Swimming as a hobby”

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  • Reading Books as a hobby

    1. which one is favourite, fiction/non-fiction? Name few 2. Which language – English, Hindi? 3. Which book did you read recently? 4. What all lessons did you got from reading? 5. Do you always subscribe to author’s point of view? 6. Have you written any review on any books you read on your blog? 7. … Continue reading “Reading Books as a hobby”

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  • Watching Animated Movies as a hobby

    1. Name your favourites? – TV, feature films, Mickey Mouse, Tom and jerrycharacters. 2. Are those popular in India- Indian animated movies? 3. Name some production houses? 4. Evolution-of animated movies 5. Technology- 3D animation, Computer-generated imagery (CGI) 6. DIfference between animated and regular movies 7. Potentail of OTT 8. how does it impact people

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  • Cycling as a hobby

    1. Are you a professional cyclist too ? If yes , brief about it . 2. When do you usually take out your cycle? 3. What prompted you to take cycling as a hobby ? 4. What are the benefits of cycling ? Indivisual and Public ? 5. Why India , in general doesn`t have … Continue reading “Cycling as a hobby”

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  • Diary Writing as a hobby

    1. When did you take up this habit? 2. How has it helped you in life/administration? 3. Have you read anyone’s diary? Is it a good thing? Why or why not? 4. Can you recall an incident where someone’s diary was used to frame case against him? What happened to him? 5. Have you read … Continue reading “Diary Writing as a hobby”

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  • Travelling as a hobby

    1. Where have you travelled till now? 2. Which is the most memorable place you have been to? 3. What are the criterion for the selection of travel destination? 4. “Life is a journey and not a destination “, what do you understand by this? 5. Difference between traveller and tourist ? 6. What are … Continue reading “Travelling as a hobby”

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  • Basketball as a hobby

    1. Why is basketball not famous in India 2. Name 3 Indian players 3. Basic facts- about court size, ball dimensions, terminology etc. Other Related Question (i) What basic traits, do you think, a good Badminton players should possess? viz. Mental alertness, agility, flexibility, control, power, etc. (ii) Know about  terminologies like Alley, Back Alley, Backcourt, Baseline, Bird … Continue reading “Basketball as a hobby”

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  • Writing Poetry as a hobby

    1. On what topics do you write? 2. Why do you write? 3. Narrate a poem written by you 4. Can you write a 2 line poem on XYZ(Covid etc.) topic? 5.  Who is you, Favourite poet? 6. Which is your favorite poem? 7.  In which style do you write? 8. From where do you … Continue reading “Writing Poetry as a hobby”

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  • Following latest technology trends as a hobby

    1. What is 4th IR? Is India as a developing country ready for it? 2. Starlink project of SpaceX? 3. 5G vs 4G. Opportunites for India 4. Name some websites you follow for updates on technology. 5. Ethical issues associated with AI and IOT. 6. How can Big Data Analysis help the Indian Economy?

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  • Badminton and Jogging as a hobby

    1. Why Badminton is more popular than tennis in India. Reasons behind the dominance of Asian countries in Badminton. 2. Dimension of shuttlecock, what is it made of? Implications of it. 3. Can you name some of the teams of Indian Badminton League. Reasons behind its popularity 4. History of Badminton. Where it originated? 5. … Continue reading “Badminton and Jogging as a hobby”

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  • Cooking as a hobby

    1. What do you like to cook? 2. What are the favorite dishes of your state? 3. What is continental food? How did it get its name? 4. Have you heard of the fat tax? Do you think India should bring it? 5. What is “Panchforan”? Why do we use it? 6. What is the … Continue reading “Cooking as a hobby”

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  • Cricket as a hobby

    1. So, you follow cricket, tell me what are the technologies used in cricket? 2. How does bails flash? What is the technology used in it? How is it connected? 3. 4-day test is being debated for quite some time. Why do you think that 4 day tests is being proposed? What is your opinion … Continue reading “Cricket as a hobby”

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  • Legislature

    Legislature Part-1 Legislature Part-2

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  • Rights, Duties and Principles

    Rights, Duties and Principles Rights, Duties and Principles 2

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  • Basics of Constitution

    Basics of Constitution 1 Basics of Constitution 2

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  • MCQs on Agriculture

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  • MCQs compilation

    Polity and governance Economy Environment and Ecology Geography Agriculture Ancient and Medieval History Modern History Science and Technology International relations and Organisations Government schemes and initiatives

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  • MCQs on Modern History

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  • MCQs on Environment and Ecology

    Pollution   Protected areas   Bio-Diversity and conservation   Legislations and initiatives   Climate Change   Organisations, conventions, initiatives and others   Environment and Ecology   EIA  

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  • MCQs on Polity and governance

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  • 10 PM|Daily Current Affairs Quiz for UPSC

    10 PM Daily Current Affairs Quiz for UPSC Quiz List: (2019) 10 PM Quiz : December 2019 10 PM Quiz : November 2019 10 PM Quiz : October 2019 10 PM Quiz : September 2019 10 PM Quiz : August 2019 10 PM Quiz : July 2019 10 PM Quiz : May 2019 10 PM … Continue reading “10 PM|Daily Current Affairs Quiz for UPSC”

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  • Daily Editorial For UPSC Preparation-7 PM Daily Editorial

    7 PM Daily Editorials Current Affairs List: (2019) 7 PM Editorials : December 2019 7 PM Editorials : November 2019 7 PM Editorials : October 2019 7 PM Editorials : September 2019 7 PM Editorials : August 2019 7 PM Editorials : July 2019 7 PM Editorials : May 2019 7 PM Editorials : April … Continue reading “Daily Editorial For UPSC Preparation-7 PM Daily Editorial”

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  • Prelims Marathon Daily Quiz For UPSC

    Prelims Marathon Quiz List: (2019) Prelims Marathon : December 2019 Prelims Marathon : November 2019 Prelims Marathon : October 2019 Prelims Marathon : September 2019 Prelims Marathon : August 2019 Prelims Marathon : July 2019 Prelims Marathon : May 2019 Prelims Marathon : April 2019 Prelims Marathon : March 2019 Prelims Marathon : February 2019 … Continue reading “Prelims Marathon Daily Quiz For UPSC”

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  • World history

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  • Guide: Science and tech for Civil Services Examination

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  • Guide: Modern History for Civil Services Examination

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  • Ethics

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  • Guide: Society for Civil Services Examination

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  • Guide: Disaster Management for Civil Services Examination

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  • Guide: Agriculture for Civil Services Examination

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  • Guide : Environment for Civil Services Examination

    Hey there, Welcome to your one stop shop for Environment for civil services. Here you will find easy to read and rich in content articles by ForumIAS for UPSC Civil services examination. The aim of these articles is to provide you a repository of content at one place to significantly ease your preparation. Hope it … Continue reading “Guide : Environment for Civil Services Examination”

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  • Guide : Polity for Civil Services Examination

    Hey there, Welcome to your one stop solution for Polity for civil services. Here you will find easy to read and rich in content articles by ForumIAS for UPSC Civil services examination. The aim of these articles is to provide you a repository of content at one place to significantly ease your preparation. Hope it helps … Continue reading “Guide : Polity for Civil Services Examination”

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  • Guide : Economics for Civil Services Examination

    Hey there, Welcome to your one stop shop for Economy for civil services. Here you will find easy to read and rich in content articles by ForumIAS for UPSC Civil services examination. The aim of these articles is to provide you a repository of content at one place to significantly ease your preparation. Hope it … Continue reading “Guide : Economics for Civil Services Examination”

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  • Must Read Latest News Articles for UPSC

    Must Read Current Affairs News Articles of The Day: December 2019 Must Read Current Affairs News Articles of The Day: November 2019 Must Read Current Affairs News Articles of The Day: October 2019 Must Read Current Affairs News Articles of The Day: September 2019 Must Read Current Affairs News Articles of The Day: August 2019 … Continue reading “Must Read Latest News Articles for UPSC”

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  • Daily Current Affairs For UPSC | 9 PM Brief

    9 PM Brief Daily Current Affairs List: (2019) 9 PM Brief: December 2019 9 PM Brief: November 2019 9 PM Brief: October 2019 9 PM Brief: September 2019 9 PM Brief: August 2019 9 PM Brief: July 2019 9 PM Brief: June 2019 9 PM Brief: May 2019 9 PM Brief: April 2019 9 PM … Continue reading “Daily Current Affairs For UPSC | 9 PM Brief”

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  • IAS Interview Hobby Preparation – Diary Writing, Cooking, Novel Reading + 7 more

    Questions on Cooking as a hobby What do you like to do ? What is ‘panchphorna’ in North Indian cooking? Do you watch any shows on Cooking like Masterchef? Tell me Questions on Diary Writing as a hobby Questions on reading Novels as a hobby    

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  • Important Articles for Interview – 2020-21

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  • Factly: Daily Current Affairs Articles for Prelims

    On this page, you can access all the articles, posted under our factly initiative. Under the Factly initiative, we cover all the articles that are important for Prelims examination. Daily Current  Affairs News Articles for UPSC Prelims 

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  • All pages

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  • Important Articles & News for Interview CSE 2020

    Dear Friends, Below we have listed the important articles and issues that are relevant for Interview Preparation – CSE 2020. Best Wishes! National Issues  

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  • S&T

    Defence technology Bio-Technology IT and computer related NanoTechnology Space Technology Government policies and initiatives Other Technological developments IPR Policies

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    Regionalism Society Intro Communalism and Secularism Population Urbanisation Women and Organisations Urbanisation and Globalisation

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  • IR

    India and Neighborhood

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  • Social Issues

    Health Education Hunger and malnutrition Human Resource Poverty Women and Child related issues Social Justice Other Vulnerable Sections Tribals Skill Development

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  • Agriculture

    Agri Inputs and Subsidies relates issues Agriculture Pricing Agri Storage and Distribution Agri Technology Crops and Cropping Patterns Agri Allied Activities AGRI REFORMS Food Processing Industries and reforms

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  • Environment

    Pollution Protected areas Bio-Diversity Legislations and initiatives Climate Change Organisations and initiatives Environment and Ecology EIA

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  • Economy

    Fiscal Policy Monetary Policy National Income, GDP Int. Trade and WTO Money and Banking Land Reforms Financial Market Industries and Industrial Policies Employment Energy Infrastructure (roads, ports, airports and railways) Other sectors

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  • Polity and governance

    Legislature Basics of Constitution Judiciary Rights, duties and Principles Various Bodies Center-State Relations Local Bodies Election related issues Executive Governance Voluntary Org. Civil Service reforms

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  • Handouts Downloads Yearwise

    YEAR 2021 YEAR 2020 YEAR 2019 YEAR 2018

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  • Partners

    Keeping in mind the Covid 19 Situation, ForumIAS Academy has tied up with select partners for providing its courses to students. This will help students avail our services in their neighbourhood / city with added advantages. A ForumIAS Partner will be an authorised entity to sell courses of ForumIAS Academy. This means that students can … Continue reading “Partners”

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  • International Organizations UPSC

    Reading International Organisations is important from the UPSC exam point of view. Daily International Organisations are in news due to various meetings, summits happening in India or around the world. UPSC has been asking several questions in prelims over structure and intro regarding International Organisations. In mains, many questions have been asked over the efficiency … Continue reading “International Organizations UPSC”

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  • Factly – Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Prelims

    UPSC Current Affairs Previous Years Question 9 Pm Daily Current Affairs UPSC News Articles Dear Friends It is one of our ongoing initiatives, focused completely on the Current Affairs part of the UPSC Prelims examination. In this initiative, we try to present factual current affairs for Prelims in a concise manner and keep their length … Continue reading “Factly – Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Prelims”

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  • IPR Policies : news and updates

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  • Environment Demo

    Welocome to Demo Page

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  • Food Processing Industries and reforms News

    Agriculture allied activities  Allied activities are the important components of the agriculture sector and have a high revenue earning potential which is still not fully utilized in India. In this section, we will provide you with updates on the allied activities of the agriculture sector. Food Processing Industries and reforms News/updates

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  • Reforms News

    Agriculture allied activities  Allied activities are the important components of the agriculture sector and have a high revenue earning potential which is still not fully utilized in India. In this section, we will provide you with updates on the allied activities of the agriculture sector. Allied activities News/updates

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  • Environment Impact Assessment (EIA)

    EIA phenomenon and Associated initiatives EIA is an issue concerning all countries. Due to the increasing awareness, govts. all around are taking steps to tackle EIA. In this section, we will provide you with updates related to EIA. EIA updates/news

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  • Organisations and initiatives

    Organisations and initiatives phenomenon and Associated initiatives Organisations and initiatives is an issue concerning all countries. Due to the increasing awareness, govts. all around are taking steps to tackle Organisations and initiatives. In this section, we will provide you with updates related to Organisations and initiatives. Organisations and initiatives updates/news

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  • Other sectors News

    Ensuring Other sectors availability is a crucial aspect of the Industrial growth of a nation. In this section, we will cover all the updates issues and concepts related to the Other sectors of India

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  • Concepts : Other sectors

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  • Concepts : Infrastructure (roads, ports, airports and railways)

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  • Infrastructure (roads, ports, airports and railways) News

    Ensuring Infrastructure availability is a crucial aspect of the Industrial growth of a nation. In this section, we will cover all the updates issues and concepts related to the Infrastructure (roads, ports, airports, and railways) sector of India

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  • Governance News

    Updates on Parliament and state Governance This section will provide you with updates on Central Governance and state Governance : Governance News and updates

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    Updates on Parliament and state Executive This section will provide you with the updates on the Central Executive and state Executive : Executive News and updates

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  • Election related issues

    Introduction to the Election-related issues This section of polity will deal with the basic aspects of the Election-related issues to India, such as its evolution, features, preamble, sources, etc. Election related issues updates/news

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  • Mains 2020 : Approach for Last 20 days

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  • UPSC IAS Exam Preparation Online |Free UPSC material

    ForumIAS Blog is a one-stop solution for UPSC IAS Exam Preparation.

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  • World History PYQs

    “Latecomer” Industrial revolution in Japan involved certain factors that were markedly different from what west had experience. 10 marks-200 words. Write Your Answer  Africa was chopped into states artificially created by accident of European competition. Analyse. 10 marks-200 words. Write Your Answer American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism. Substantiate. 10 marks-200 words. Write … Continue reading “World History PYQs”

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  • Society PYQs

    Discussion the various social problems which originated out of the speedy process of urbanization in India. 10 marks-200 words. Write Your Answer Male membership needs to be encouraged in order to make women’s organization free from gender bias. Comment. 10 marks-200 words. Write Your Answer Critically examine the effects of globalization on the aged population … Continue reading “Society PYQs”

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  • Geography PYQs

    (a) What do you understand by the theory of continental drift? Discuss the prominent evidences in its support. 5 marks 100 words Write Your Answer (b) The recent cyclone on the east coast of India was called “Phailin”. How are the tropical cyclones named across the world? Elaborate. 5 marks-100 words. Write Your Answer (a)Bring out … Continue reading “Geography PYQs”

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  • History PYQs

    Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss. (10 marks-200 words). Write Your answer Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom. 10 marks-200 words Write Your answer … Continue reading “History PYQs”

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  • Covid – 19 Update

    Dear Students, WHO has declared Covid-19 as a global pandemic on March 11, 2020. As per govt guidelines, ForumIAS Academy classrooms will be suspended due to the impact of Covid-19 until further government orders. #1 Test Center for MGP Students: ForumIAS Academy Test Centers will be closed for writing MGP / PTS / AWFG Tests … Continue reading “Covid – 19 Update”

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  • Question Bank

    UPSC Mains & Prelims Subject-wise Question Bank Test Mains subject wise Quiz Mains subject wise 2 Quiz Mains subject wise 3 Quiz Economy Quiz Indian Polity Quiz  

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  • MAINS QUESTION BANK AND ANSWERS for UPSC

    Mains Questions Bank and answers for UPSC

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  • All Mains Marathon Answers

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  • Quiz: Environment laws

    [qsm quiz=8]

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  • Qrious: Environment

    What is Environment Impact Assessment? Discuss its main principles and significance in various development projects. Enumerate the causes for the loss of Biodiversity. Explain the in-situ and ex-situ measures of biodiversity conservation.

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  • Environment Legislation Concepts

    On this page, we will provide you with the basics of all the legislations that are linked to the Environment section of the UPSC examination. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1977 Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981 Environment Protection Act,1986  BIODIVERSITY ACT, 2002 … Continue reading “Environment Legislation Concepts”

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  • Environment laws and initiatives in India

    On this page, we will provide you with all updates and news related to the legislations that are linked to environment sections of UPSC examination: Environment legislations and government initiatives in India updates/news

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  • Download New

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  • Monthly Current affairs Compilation PDF For UPSC

    On this page, we will provide you with All the compilation of Monthly Current Affairs for UPSC/IAS examination.      

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  • Weekly Current Affairs For UPSC Compilations

    In this section, we will provide you with all of the weekly Current Affairs Compilations. UPSC Current Affairs Current Affairs Quiz UPSC News Articles Previous Years Question Weekly Current Affairs Compilations – March, 2021 Weekly Current Affairs Compilations – February, 2021 Weekly Current Affairs Compilations – January, 2021 Weekly Current Affairs Compilations – December, 2020 … Continue reading “Weekly Current Affairs For UPSC Compilations”

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  • UPSC Mains Syllabus

    UPSC Mains Syllabus |IAS Mains Syllabus | – Civil Services Mains Syllabus Main menu UPSC Mains GS-1 Syllabus UPSC Mains GS-2 Syllabus UPSC Mains GS-3 Syllabus UPSC Mains GS-4 Syllabus UPSC Mains GS-1 Syllabus – Subtopics list UPSC Mains GS-1 Syllabus Click Here for separate tab Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the … Continue reading “UPSC Mains Syllabus”

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  • Reports| Index| summits in news

    Reports| Index| summits in news for UPSC/IAS examination, 2020-21 For the preparation of the UPSC exam, reading Reports, Index, summits in news in and around the country is important. On this page, we will provide you with all the updates regarding Reports, index, and summits that are UPSC exam relevant and appeared in news in … Continue reading “Reports| Index| summits in news”

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  • Daily Current Affairs For UPSC

    The idea behind 9 PM Daily Current Affairs for upsc Questions  and Answer Brief is to make aspirants aware of news articles important, from different newspapers bearing relevance to UPSC Preparation. On this page, we will provide you the list of Individual 9 PM articles, we are creating on a daily basis. To prepare for … Continue reading “Daily Current Affairs For UPSC”

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  • Poverty: news and updates

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  • Women and Child related issues: news and updates

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  • Social Justice : news and updates

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  • Concepts :Social Justice

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  • Concepts :Women and Child related Issues

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  • Concepts :Poverty and related issues

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  • Concepts :Human Resource

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  • Concepts :Hunger and Malnutrition

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  • Concepts :Education and related issues

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  • Concepts :Health and related issues

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  • Places in news : News and Updates

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  • Military exercises: News and Updates

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  • International Relations : News and Updates

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  • Concepts :Agri Allied Activities

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  • Concepts :Agri Technology

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  • Concepts :Agri Storage and Distribution

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  • Concepts :Agriculture Pricing

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  • Concepts :Agri Inputs and Subsidies relates issues

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  • Concepts :Crops and Cropping pattern

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  • Crops and Cropping Patterns:News and updates

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  • Agri Technology:News and updates

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  • Agri Storage and Distribution:News and updates

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  • Social Issues and Justice: Concepts and News

    In this section, we will provide you with a single point solution for Social Issues and Social Justice. We will provide you with the basic concepts and related current events. Health and related issues Concepts News Education and related issues Concepts News Hunger and Malnutrition Concepts News Human Resource Concepts News Poverty and related issues … Continue reading “Social Issues and Justice: Concepts and News”

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  • International Issues and Concepts

    Hey there, In this section, we will provide you with a single point solution for International Issues. We will provide you with the basic concepts, related current events, and practice questions. International Relations News Quiz International Agreements News Quiz Military exercises News Quiz International Org. and groupings News Quiz Places in News News Quiz

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  • Concepts : Employment

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  • Concepts : Energy

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  • Concepts : Industries and Industrial Policies

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  • Concepts : Financial Market

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  • Concepts : Land Reforms

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  • Concepts : Money and Banking

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  • Concepts : International Trade

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  • Agriculture: Concepts and News

    In this section, we will provide you with a single point solution for the economy. We will provide you with the basic concepts,  related current events, and practice questions. Crops and Cropping pattern Concepts News Agri Inputs and Subsidies relates issues Concepts News Agriculture Pricing Concepts News Agri Storage and Distribution Concepts News Agri Technology Concepts … Continue reading “Agriculture: Concepts and News”

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  • Employment:-News and updates

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  • Financial Market:-News and updates

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  • Land Reforms:-News and updates

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  • Local Bodies: News and Updates

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  • Judiciary news and updates

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  • Polity and Governance: News and Practice

    Hey there, In this section, we will provide you with a single point solution for the Polity. We will provide you with the basic concepts, related current events, and practice questions. Basics of Constitution: development, preamble, etc. News Quiz Rights, duties, and Principles News Quiz Legislature News Quiz Judiciary News Quiz Center-State relations News Quiz … Continue reading “Polity and Governance: News and Practice”

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  • Climate Change -Subjective Questions

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  • International Trade News

    On this page, we will provide you with the news and aspects related to International Trade of India Updates on issues and concepts related to International Trade of India for 2020/21:

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  • Fiscal Policy News

    The Fiscal Policy of the government 

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  • National Income Updates

    National Income depicts the health of the economy of the nation. It is the tool that provides the status of a country globally. Updates on issues and concepts related to National Income of India for 2020/21:

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  • Economy: News and concepts

    In this section, we will provide you with a single point solution for the economy. We will provide you with the basic concepts,  related current events, and practice questions. National Income Concepts News Monetary Policy Concepts News Inflation Concepts News Fiscal Policy Concepts News International Trade Concepts News Money and Banking Concepts News Financial Market … Continue reading “Economy: News and concepts”

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  • MCQs

    EconomyPolityHistoryEnvironmentScience & Tech [wptabs id=”68062″] [wptabs id=”68062″] [wptabs id=”68062″] [wptabs id=”68062″] [wptabs id=”68062″]

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  • Quiz: Climate Change

    [qsm quiz=6]

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  • Quiz: Pollution in India

    Pollution in India [qsm quiz=3]

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  • Quiz: Protected Areas

    Protected areas includes National parks, sanctuaries etc. IN this section we will provide you with the MCQs related to protected areas network. Protected Areas [qsm quiz=4]

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  • Climate Change Basics and Concepts

    Climate is the average of the weather of a country or region. For ascertaining the Climate the usual weather of a place is averaged over some time period (usually 30 years) Weather: Weather is the changes we see and feel outside from day to day. It might rain one day and be sunny the next. … Continue reading “Climate Change Basics and Concepts”

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  • Pollution in India: Basic and concepts

    Environmental pollution means the reduction of environmental quality in a region caused exclusively by human activities, for example, piling up garbage in hill station areas. Since environmental pollution has now become of global concern and there is a growing realization that pollution also creates a ‘vicious cycle’ of poverty. As it causes the reduced capacity … Continue reading “Pollution in India: Basic and concepts”

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  • Environment News |Concepts |Quiz For UPSC

    Hey there, Welcome to your one stop shop for Environment NEWS & Quiz For UPSC , civil services. Here you will find easy to read and rich in content articles by ForumIAS for UPSC Civil services examination. The aim of this section is to provide you with a repository of content at one place to … Continue reading “Environment News |Concepts |Quiz For UPSC”

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  • UPSC Exam Updates

    In this section, we will provide updates on the examination, that are provided by UPSC or are related to the exam. UPSC Exam Updates

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  • Pollution in India

    Pollution in India Pollution affects the health of individuals. It has become a major issue affecting the vulnerable section of the country. In this section, we will provide you with updates and news related to pollution in India and its effects. Pollution in India updates/news

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  • Protected areas

    Protected areas in India

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  • Biodiversity and conservation

    Biodiversity and conservation Due to human intervention in the ecosystem, many species have either extinct or on the verge of extinction. Many initiatives are ongoing all around for the conservation of biodiversity. In this section, we will provide you with updates on all related aspects: Biodiversity and conservation updates/news

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  • Biotechnology

    Bio-technology news/updates Science and technology is progressing at a fast pace in India. Biotechnology is linked to living things and their internal functioning. For ex; Cell, Tissues, organs etc. In this section, you will be provided with all the updates related to biotechnology: Bio-technology news/updates

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  • Allied activities News

    Agriculture allied activities  Allied activities are the important components of the agriculture sector and have a high revenue earning potential which is still not fully utilised in India. In this section, we will provide you with updates on allied activities of the agriculture sector. Allied activities News/updates

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  • Agriculture Inputs News

    Agriculture Inputs News/Updates

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  • Local Bodies and issues

    Local Bodies Updates/news Local bodies are the cornerstone of representative and inclusive democracies. It involves the devolution of power to the lowest level among the public. In this section, we will provide you with the updates and issues related to local bodies in India: Local Bodies Updates/news

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  • Civil Service Reforms

    Updates on Civil Service reforms in India Civil Service is the backbone of Indian democracy. It is the permanent constituent of Indian executive structure. In this section we will provide you with the updates and aspects related to reforms in Indian Civil Services.

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  • Daily News Updates

    Daily news updates will provide you with the articles developed by ForumIAS on a daily basis. ForumIAS is developing 8-9 articles on a daily basis in summaries and in-depth formats for the aspirants. These articles can be used as current affairs notes for the examination of UPSC.  

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  • Education news

    In this section, we will provide you with all the relevant information on the education sector of India. Education updates/news

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  • Climate Change

    Climate Change phenomenon and Associated initiatives Climate Change is an issue concerning all countries. Due to the increasing awareness, govts. all around are taking steps to tackle Climate Change. In this section, we will provide you with updates related to Climate Change. Climate Change updates/news

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  • Industries and Industrial Policies

    Industries and Industrial Policies in news

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  • Energy News

    Ensuring energy availability is a crucial aspect of the Industrial growth of a nation. In this section, we will cover all the updates issues and concepts related to the energy sector of India

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  • Human Resource issues

    In this section, you will be provided with the various issues related to human resources in India like Labour and Skill development. Human Resource updates/news

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  • Rights, Principles and duties

    Fundamental Rights, Fundamental duties and DPSP This section will contain all the issue and updates related to Fundamental Rights, Fundamental duties and DPSP as enshrined in the Constitution of India. FR, FD, DPSP updates/news    

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  • State, Non-State Actors and Security

    State and Non-state actors in Internal Security Internal security of India is one of the foremost duty of the central government. There are many State and non-state actors that present challenges to the internal security of India. In this section, we are going to  provide all the updates on the same. Internal Security updates and … Continue reading “State, Non-State Actors and Security”

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  • Voluntary Organisations

    Voluntary Organisations: NGOs, SHGs etc. This sections will all the issues in Governance related to NGOs, Self Help Groups and Other voluntary organisations contributing to the Social welfare in the country. Voluntary Organisations updates

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  • Legislature News

    Updates on Parliament and state legislatures This section will provide you with the updates on the Central Legislature and state legislatures: Legislature News and updates

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  • Introduction to Constitution

    Introduction to the Constitution This section of polity will deal with the basic aspects of the constitution of India, such as its evolution, features, preamble, sources etc. Constitution basics updates/news

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  • Communalism and secularism

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  • Role of Social Media

    Issues related to social media in India

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  • Hunger and Malnutrition

    The GHI 2020 report has placed India 94thposition among 107 countries, much behind Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal. Hunger in India is a major issue that is required urgent government attention. Updates and News related to Hunger and Malnutrition in India for UPSC/IAS Examination, 2020/21:

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  • Health Related Issues

    The healthcare delivery and services landscape in India has evolved significantly over the years. However, India’s healthcare system suffers from various issues like high costs, inconsistent quality, inaccessibility to timely care etc. In this section, we will provide you with the updates, concepts and issues related to health care system in India. Health and related … Continue reading “Health Related Issues”

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  • Regionalism news

    Regionalism is defined as a strong feeling of love and patriotism towards a particular region or state within a country that it is kept above the interest of the nation. This section will provide you with updates on the issue of regionalism. Updates and news on regionalism

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  • Agriculture Subsidies

    Agriculture Subsidies are provided to farmers on farm inputs like fertilisers, seeds, farm machinery and electricity. These subsidies have been under attack from the economists and international organisations like WTO. In this section, we will provide you with all the updates and concepts linked to agriculture subsidies. Updates and news on agriculture subsidies for UPSC/IAS … Continue reading “Agriculture Subsidies”

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  • Monetary Policy news

    Monetary Policy news for UPSC/IAS examination Monetary policy is an important tool to control the money supply and inflation in the economy. The policy has a direct impact on the consumer and is one of the most important aspects to keep the economy on track. Monetary policy section of the economy would provide all the … Continue reading “Monetary Policy news”

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  • International Agreements

    International Agreements are the agreements between 2 or more states, under which nations, after negotiations, agree to cooperate on Trade or Defence-related aspects with each other.

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  • Agriculture Pricing News

    Agriculture Pricing is a crucial aspect of Indian Economy, as the majority of the population in India devotes 2/3 of its expenditure on food alone and about half of the population is engaged in the agriculture for livelihood.

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  • Center-State Relations

    Center and State relation is one of the pillars of Indian democracy, Where on One side, states have been given enough powers to facilitate their economic, Social and Political development, on the other side, the centre has been provided with enough powers to restrict any state from taking any action against the interest of the … Continue reading “Center-State Relations”

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  • Constitutional| Non-Constitutional Bodies News

    Constitutional Bodies are those bodies which are constituted based on the provisions given in the constitution of India and derive their power from it. Whereas Non-constitutional bodies can be Statutory, regulatory, executive or Quasi-judicial bodies. Statutory Bodies are Non-constitutional bodies created by an Act of Parliament and do not find their mention in the constitution.  … Continue reading “Constitutional| Non-Constitutional Bodies News”

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  • Money and Banking

    Money and Banking Chapter of Economy is a very important chapter. While the money part includes the aspects related to currency and digital payment system of India, the Banking part includes the structure of the banking sector and general issues related to it. Money and Banking News and updates 

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  • Government Bills | Acts | Regulations in News

    It is the duty of the Legislature and executive to provide a legal framework to different governance aspects of the country. For this purpose, the government every year formulate bills which becomes an act if it is passed by the legislature and notified by the government. Regulations are released by the executive to provide guidelines.

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  • Central Government Schemes News

    Reading schemes and programs in the news is crucial for UPSC examination. Schemes and programs in the news have been asked frequently by UPSC in prelims examination and many questions are being asked directly on the effectiveness or issues in them. On this page, we will provide you with a list of news articles and … Continue reading “Central Government Schemes News”

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  • International Organizations News For UPSC

    Reading International Organisations is important from the UPSC exam point of view. Daily International Organisations are in news due to various meetings, summits happening in India or around the world. UPSC has been asking several questions in prelims over structure and intro regarding International Organisations. In mains, many questions have been asked over the efficiency … Continue reading “International Organizations News For UPSC”

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  • Testimonials By Toppers

    List of Testimonials By the Toppers of UPSC CSE examination

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  • Best Current Affairs For UPSC Exam 2021

    9 PM Brief 10 PM Quiz Must Read News 7 PM Editorials Weekly Docs Monthly Docs Daily Current Affairs based initiatives for UPSC examination 9 PM Daily Current Affairs Brief Read More » 7 PM Daily Editorial Read More » 10 PM Daily Current Affairs Quiz Read More » Must Read News Articles Read More » … Continue reading “Best Current Affairs For UPSC Exam 2021”

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  • Carbon Nanotubes can be used for carrying drugs and antigens in human body

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  • Last 20 Days Before Prelims – Things to keep in mind

    This Video is part of a session taken by a ForumIAS Mentor for internal students of ForumIAS Academy. You can read more articles by him by clicking here  

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  • Good Copies Sociology ATS – 2020

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  • Our Philosophy

    We started our journey of guiding aspirants in 2012, when we founded ForumIAS.com. We are completely boot-strapped, self-funded, and are NOT owned by a Chinese company. We try to do good work, help people and create a sustainable business where our students find value in things we do. We take great efforts in building a … Continue reading “Our Philosophy”

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  • Good Copies from MGP 2021

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  • Test

    This is an embedded Microsoft Office document, powered by Office.

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  • Test Sharepoint

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  • [Answered]Corporate social responsibility makes companies more profitable and sustainable. Analyse.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss how Corporate social responsibility makes companies more profitable and sustainable? Conclusion. Way forward. According to UNIDO, Corporate Social Responsibility is a concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations. In India, Companies Act, 2013 has made CSR contribution mandatory. According to the concept … Continue reading “[Answered]Corporate social responsibility makes companies more profitable and sustainable. Analyse.”

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  • [Answered]What are various roadblocks to India-EU Free Trade Agreement? How can these roadblocks be removed?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various roadblocks to India-EU Free Trade Agreement. Conclusion. Way forward. India-European Union (EU) FTA, officially known as the Broad-Based Trade and Investment Agreement, has been being negotiated since 2007. However, it has not been materialised into a deal due to various outstanding issues between India and … Continue reading “[Answered]What are various roadblocks to India-EU Free Trade Agreement? How can these roadblocks be removed?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various features of India’s Neighbourhood First’ policy.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss salient features of India’s Neighbourhood First’ policy. Conclusion. Way forward. India shares its geographical boundary with Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. India’s policy towards its immediate neighbourhood is based on efforts to build peace and cooperation in South Asia. Its neighbourhood first … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various features of India’s Neighbourhood First’ policy.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various reasons for prevalence of corruption in implementation of welfare programmes. Suggest some measures to reduce it.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. What are various reasons for corruption in implementation of welfare programmes? Mention measures to reduce this corruption. Conclusion. Way forward. Welfare schemes are the programmes that are meant to improve lives and provide support to vulnerable people in the society. Indian Government, at all levels, announces welfare … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various reasons for prevalence of corruption in implementation of welfare programmes. Suggest some measures to reduce it.”

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  • [Answered]Why are land reforms still not complete in India? What are obstacles in its way? Elaborate.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various causes for incomplete land reforms and obstacles. Conclusion. Way forward. Land reforms refers to a wide variety of specific programmes and measures to bring about more effective control and use of land for the benefit of the community as a whole. The main objective of … Continue reading “[Answered]Why are land reforms still not complete in India? What are obstacles in its way? Elaborate.”

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  • [Answered]Government intervention, sometimes though well intended, often ends up undermining the ability of the markets and leads to outcomes opposite to those intended. Illustrate.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the issue of over-regulation by the government and its impact. Conclusion. Way forward. Though India has made significant progress in enhancing economic freedom for firms, it is still counted among the shackled economies in the world. In the global indices of economic freedom, India ranks in … Continue reading “[Answered]Government intervention, sometimes though well intended, often ends up undermining the ability of the markets and leads to outcomes opposite to those intended. Illustrate.”

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  • [Answered]What is Integrated Nutrient Management (INM)? Discuss various advantages and constraints in the Adoption of the INM System.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various advantages and constraints in the Adoption of the INM System Conclusion. Way forward. Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) is the process to maintain the soil fertility and plant nutrient supply at an optimum level for sustaining the desired crop productivity. The aim of Integrated Nutrient Management … Continue reading “[Answered]What is Integrated Nutrient Management (INM)? Discuss various advantages and constraints in the Adoption of the INM System.”

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  • [Answered]What are the salient features of the Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020? Discuss its significance.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss salient features of the Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020. Significance of Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020. Conclusion. Way forward. Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is a contraceptive technology that helps couples who are unable to conceive naturally to bear children with the aid of technology. … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the salient features of the Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020? Discuss its significance.”

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  • [Answered]Describe briefly what stem cell therapy is and what advantages it has over other treatments?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is stem cell therapy? Body. Discuss how stem cells therapy works and various advantages of stem cell therapy over other treatments. Conclusion. Way forward. Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide to produce more stem cells. Treatments or therapies are used … Continue reading “[Answered]Describe briefly what stem cell therapy is and what advantages it has over other treatments?”

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  • [Answered]What are issues related to urban local bodies in India? Suggest measures to strengthen urban local bodies in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various issues related to urban local bodies in India. Mention measures to strengthen urban local bodies in India. Conclusion. Way forward. Indian cities are expanding rapidly. With growing urban population, city infrastructure such as water supply, sewerage, solid waste management are under pressure and require appropriate … Continue reading “[Answered]What are issues related to urban local bodies in India? Suggest measures to strengthen urban local bodies in India.”

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  • [Answered]What is secularism? Discuss various features of Indian concept of secularism.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is secularism? Body. Discuss various features of Indian concept of secularism. Conclusion. Way forward. Secularism is the principle that makes a state neutral in the matter of religion and hence does not uphold any particular religion as the state religion, for example, USA and India. Principled distance from religion is … Continue reading “[Answered]What is secularism? Discuss various features of Indian concept of secularism.”

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  • [Answered]There is potential for private care providers and start-ups to be partners in improving India’s healthcare system. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss why private care providers and start-ups are important for India’s healthcare system? Conclusion. Way forward. The healthcare delivery and services landscape in India has evolved significantly over the years. However, India’s healthcare system suffers from various issues like high costs, inconsistent quality, inaccessibility to timely care … Continue reading “[Answered]There is potential for private care providers and start-ups to be partners in improving India’s healthcare system. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the shift of India’s foreign policy towards Pakistan in the light of recent attacks.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the recent shift of India’s foreign policy towards Pakistan. Conclusion. Way forward. India’s foreign policy towards Pakistan since independence has been of more tolerance and restraint. India has always followed the policy of talk and dialogue despite various attacks and wars on its territory emanating from … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the shift of India’s foreign policy towards Pakistan in the light of recent attacks.”

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  • [Answered]Given the fact that the livestock sector has grown significantly over the last five years, it assumes an important role in income, employment and nutritional security. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the role of livestock in the economy. Mention various government initiatives taken for the same. Conclusion. Way forward. Livestock sector plays an important role in Indian economy. It contributes 4.11% to GDP and constitutes 25.6% of total Agriculture GDP. Rapid growth of this sector has led … Continue reading “[Answered]Given the fact that the livestock sector has grown significantly over the last five years, it assumes an important role in income, employment and nutritional security. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]Critically examine the impact of tagging of India as a developed nation by United States Trade Representative (USTR).

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the impact of tagging of India as a developed nation by United States Trade Representative (USTR). Conclusion. Way forward. Recently, the U.S. removed more than a dozen countries, including India, from its list of countries that are classified as developing and tagged them as developed economies, … Continue reading “[Answered]Critically examine the impact of tagging of India as a developed nation by United States Trade Representative (USTR).”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various threats and challenges to cyber-security in India. What initiatives are being taken by the government to enhance cyber-security in India?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various threats and challenges to cyber-security in India. Conclusion. Way forward. The number of people having access to the internet In India is increasing day by day. Despite the untapped potential, India already is the 2nd largest online market worldwide. Although the advancement of technology and the … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various threats and challenges to cyber-security in India. What initiatives are being taken by the government to enhance cyber-security in India?”

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  • [Answered]Despite constitutional mandate the inter-state council has not come of age. Discuss.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various reasons for the non-effective functioning of the Inter-State Council. Conclusion. Way forward. Inter-State Council (ISC) is a constitutional body as provided by Article 263 of the Constitution of India to deal with federal issues. Its mandate is to inquire and advise on interstate disputes and … Continue reading “[Answered]Despite constitutional mandate the inter-state council has not come of age. Discuss.”

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  • [Answered]The realisation of the objective of doubling farmers’ income necessitates addressal of some of the basic challenges of agriculture and allied sector. Discuss these challenges and suggest measures to overcome them.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various challenges in realisation of the objective of doubling farmers’ income. Conclusion. Way forward. Agriculture plays an important role in Indian economy. Agriculture and its allied sectors still remain an important sector because of its continued role in employment (about 48%), income and most importantly in … Continue reading “[Answered]The realisation of the objective of doubling farmers’ income necessitates addressal of some of the basic challenges of agriculture and allied sector. Discuss these challenges and suggest measures to overcome them.”

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  • [Answered]Critically examine the role of media as a watchdog in a democracy.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the role of media as a watchdog in a democracy and various challenges for the same. Conclusion. Way forward. Media constitutes the 4th pillar of democracy. It plays an important role in keeping democracy alive and thriving. The role of the media is vital as a watchdog … Continue reading “[Answered]Critically examine the role of media as a watchdog in a democracy.”

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  • [Answered]Examine the progress made so far by India, in achieving Sustainable Development Goal of reducing infant mortality.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the progress made so far regarding infant mortality in India and challenges in reducing IMR. Conclusion. Way forward. Infant mortality rate means the number of deaths of children below one year of age in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This … Continue reading “[Answered]Examine the progress made so far by India, in achieving Sustainable Development Goal of reducing infant mortality.”

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  • [Answered]Critically examine the nature and scope of environmental movements in independent India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the nature and scope of environmental movements in independent India. Discuss their significance and limited success. Conclusion. Way forward. The environmental movements are social movements that involve local people and organizations for the conservation of the environment and for the improvement of the state policy especially … Continue reading “[Answered]Critically examine the nature and scope of environmental movements in independent India.”

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  • [Answered]What are the major Initiatives taken by the government for enhancing productivity of agriculture and efficiency of agricultural markets? Suggest some measures to improve agricultural productivity and efficiency of agricultural markets.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss major Initiatives taken by the government for enhancing productivity of agriculture and efficiency of agricultural markets. Suggest some measures for the same. Conclusion. Way forward. Agricultural efficiency is always a cause of concern in the country. According to the crop yield data of the government, India’s … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the major Initiatives taken by the government for enhancing productivity of agriculture and efficiency of agricultural markets? Suggest some measures to improve agricultural productivity and efficiency of agricultural markets.”

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  • [Answered]Explain, what reverse osmosis (RO) systems are and how do they work? Why does the Environment Ministry want to regulate RO-based water filtration systems?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss what are reverse osmosis (RO) systems and their working mechanism. Explain why the Environment Ministry is seeking a ban on RO-based water filtration systems. Conclusion. Way forward. Reverse Osmosis system is a technology that removes contaminants from water by using pressure to force water molecules through a semipermeable membrane … Continue reading “[Answered]Explain, what reverse osmosis (RO) systems are and how do they work? Why does the Environment Ministry want to regulate RO-based water filtration systems?”

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  • [Answered]It is said that India has been a ‘hot zone’ for the emergence of new zoonotic (animal-derived) pathogens for over a decade. In light of this, discuss the need of strengthening healthcare infrastructure to handle any risk of epidemics in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the issues and need of strengthening healthcare infrastructure to handle any risk of epidemics in India. Conclusion. Way forward. India, being a tropical nation, faces a high risk of epidemics. According to the Global Health Security Index 2019, most Asian countries, including India are facing significant … Continue reading “[Answered]It is said that India has been a ‘hot zone’ for the emergence of new zoonotic (animal-derived) pathogens for over a decade. In light of this, discuss the need of strengthening healthcare infrastructure to handle any risk of epidemics in India.”

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  • [Answered]What is Information Ethics? Discuss its significance in present times.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is Information Ethics? Body. Discuss the significance of Information Ethics in present times. Conclusion. Way forward. Information ethics is a field of applied ethics that addresses the uses and abuses of information, information technology, and information systems for personal, professional, and public decision making. The impact of emerging technologies … Continue reading “[Answered]What is Information Ethics? Discuss its significance in present times.”

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  • [Answered]Involving women in the economy is not a social cause, rather it is a source of efficiency gains and economic growth. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss how increased women participation in the economy can help economic growth. Conclusion. Way forward. Gender equality is a prerequisite for any country’s progress. According to Global Gender Gap report, the participation of women in the labour force is among the lowest in the world. According to … Continue reading “[Answered]Involving women in the economy is not a social cause, rather it is a source of efficiency gains and economic growth. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss five key global risks as mentioned in recent, The ‘Future of Earth, 2020’ report.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss five key global risks as mentioned in The ‘Future of Earth, 2020’ report. Conclusion. Way forward. The Future of Earth, 2020 report has listed five global risks that have the potential to impact and amplify one another in ways that may cascade to create global systemic … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss five key global risks as mentioned in recent, The ‘Future of Earth, 2020’ report.”

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  • [Answered]What is the ‘Nordic Economic Model’? Do you think Nordic Economic Model can be a way forward for a sustainable future?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is the Nordic Economic Model? Body. Discuss if Nordic Economic Model can be a way forward for a sustainable future or not. Conclusion. Way forward. The Nordic Economic model also known as the Scandinavian model, is the combination of social welfare and economic system adopted by Nordic countries (Sweden, … Continue reading “[Answered]What is the ‘Nordic Economic Model’? Do you think Nordic Economic Model can be a way forward for a sustainable future?”

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  • [Answered]With growing energy needs should India keep on extending its nuclear energy programme? Discuss the facts and fears associated with nuclear energy.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss need to keep extending the nuclear energy programme. Mention various and fears associated with nuclear energy. Conclusion. Way forward. India is growing very fast. The demand for energy in India is growing because of population growth and a developing economy. The NITI Ayog estimated that the … Continue reading “[Answered]With growing energy needs should India keep on extending its nuclear energy programme? Discuss the facts and fears associated with nuclear energy.”

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  • [Answered]What are various reasons for the gender gap in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics)-related fields? Suggest some measures to improve women participation in these fields.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various reasons for the gender gap in STEM-related fields. Measures to improve women participation in these fields. Conclusion. Way forward. Gender inequality is a big issue in India. India stands at 112th position in the latest Global Gender Gap Index. There is less participation of girls … Continue reading “[Answered]What are various reasons for the gender gap in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics)-related fields? Suggest some measures to improve women participation in these fields.”

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  • [Answered]What is ‘National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage’? Discuss its importance.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the need and importance of National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage. Conclusion. Way forward. National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage is the framework for a Phased Manufacturing Program (PMP), aimed at localising the production of electric vehicles (EV) and its components within … Continue reading “[Answered]What is ‘National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage’? Discuss its importance.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the need and significance of Pesticides Management Bill, 2020.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the need and significance of Pesticides Management Bill, 2020. Conclusion. Way forward. India is the 4th largest producer of pesticides in the world. At present regulation of pesticides in India is done under the Insecticides Act 1968. The Pesticides Management Bill, 2020 aims to regulate the … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the need and significance of Pesticides Management Bill, 2020.”

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  • [Answered]Would you advocate that the income of rich farmers should be taxed in India? Give reasons.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss why rich farmers should be taxed in India and various challenges. Conclusion. Way forward. Agriculture employs about 50% of the population contributing approximately 17% to the GDP of the country. According to Indian Constitution, agriculture and the taxation of agricultural incomes has been a state subject. … Continue reading “[Answered]Would you advocate that the income of rich farmers should be taxed in India? Give reasons.”

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  • [Answered]Despite the law in place to prevent manual scavenging, it still persists in India. Discuss various reasons for it.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various Reasons for manual scavenging in India. Conclusion. Way forward. Manual scavenging has been officially prohibited by the Anti-Manual Scavenging Act in 1993. Unfortunately, manual scavenging still persists in India. The 2011 Census of India found 7.9 lakh cases of manual scavenging across India. According to … Continue reading “[Answered]Despite the law in place to prevent manual scavenging, it still persists in India. Discuss various reasons for it.”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by the term ‘anthropometric failures’? Discuss why despite various efforts, India continues to suffer from some form of anthropometric failures.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are anthropometric failures? Body. Discuss various reasons for anthropometric failures in India. Conclusion. Way forward. Anthropometric failures means failure in front of anthropometric indicators like weight, height etc. indicating malnutrition and undernutrition and is reflected as underweight, stunting and wasting. The recent National Family Health Survey (NFHS 2015–16) confirms … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by the term ‘anthropometric failures’? Discuss why despite various efforts, India continues to suffer from some form of anthropometric failures.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various reasons for the high incidence of domestic violence in India. Suggest some measures to prevent it.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various reasons for the high incidence of domestic violence in India. Conclusion. Way forward. In the recent times, violence against women has increased in India. According to National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 37% of married women face domestic violence. Domestic violence is a violation of the … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various reasons for the high incidence of domestic violence in India. Suggest some measures to prevent it.”

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  • [Answered]How does illegal trans-border migration pose a threat to India’s security? Discuss the strategies to curb this, bringing out the factors which give impetus to such migration.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss how illegal trans-border migration is a threat to India’s security. Mention various factors which give impetus to illegal immigration and strategies to curb this. Conclusion. Way forward.  Illegal migration refers to the migration of people across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws … Continue reading “[Answered]How does illegal trans-border migration pose a threat to India’s security? Discuss the strategies to curb this, bringing out the factors which give impetus to such migration.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various reasons for decreasing quality of scientific research in Indian universities. Suggest some measures to boost scientific research in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various reasons for decreasing quality of scientific research in Indian universities. Mention various measures to boost scientific research in India. Conclusion. Way forward.  Research and development (R&D) is at the core of economic growth. It leads to innovation and innovation in turn leads to economic growth. … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various reasons for decreasing quality of scientific research in Indian universities. Suggest some measures to boost scientific research in India.”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by the term ‘moral conscience’? Discuss the role of moral conscience in ethical behaviour.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is moral conscience? Body. Discuss the role of moral conscience in ethical behaviour. Conclusion. Way forward.  Moral conscience is a part of the cognitive process in mind that tells whether an act is morally right or wrong. In other words, it is awareness of moral principles and whether act done … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by the term ‘moral conscience’? Discuss the role of moral conscience in ethical behaviour.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various issues in Indo-Australian relationship. How bilateral relations among two nations can be strengthened?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various issues in Indo-Australian relationship. How bilateral relations among two nations can be strengthened? Conclusion. Way forward.  The India-Australia bilateral relationship has undergone evolution in recent years. The people-to-people ties, increasing Indian students going to Australia for higher education, growing tourism and sporting links, especially Cricket, … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various issues in Indo-Australian relationship. How bilateral relations among two nations can be strengthened?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss India’s achievements in the field of Space Science and Technology. How the application of this technology has helped India in its socio-economic development?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various achievements of India in Space S&T. Discuss socio-economic development through application of space technology Conclusion. Way forward. India has become a significant global player in space science and technological (S&T). From a modest beginning in the 1960s, India’s space programme has grown steadily, achieving significant … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss India’s achievements in the field of Space Science and Technology. How the application of this technology has helped India in its socio-economic development?”

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  • [Answered]What is de-globalisation? Discuss its consequences and impact on India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is de-globalisation? Body. Discuss reasons for rising tendency towards de-globalisation by some countries. Mention impact of de-globalisation on India. Conclusion. Way forward. De-globalisation is the process of diminishing interdependence and integration between nations around the world. It is characterised by decline in economic trade and investment between countries. This decline … Continue reading “[Answered]What is de-globalisation? Discuss its consequences and impact on India.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the need and significance of recent railways reforms. Examine whether private roles in railways should be increased.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the need and significance of the railway reforms. Mention various benefits of privatisation in railways and related concerns. Conclusion. Way forward.  Indian Railways (IR) has the 4th longest rail network in the world. It is a network of 70,000 km and runs about 21,000 trains, carrying … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the need and significance of recent railways reforms. Examine whether private roles in railways should be increased.”

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  • [Answered]Critically examine various provisions of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020. Do you think it will enable women’s right to health?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss salient features of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020. How will it enable women’s right to health? Conclusion. Way forward.  The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 seeks to amend the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971. The bill aim to reduce not only … Continue reading “[Answered]Critically examine various provisions of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020. Do you think it will enable women’s right to health?”

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  • [Answered]Explain the pardoning powers of the President. How is it different from the Governor’s pardoning power?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss pardoning powers of the President. Explain how the president’s pardoning powers are different from the Governor’s pardoning power? Conclusion. Way forward. Pardoning is an act of kindness that reduces the punishment conferred under the law for the offence and restores the rights and privileges lost on … Continue reading “[Answered]Explain the pardoning powers of the President. How is it different from the Governor’s pardoning power?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the issue of rise in suicidal deaths among Indian youth. Suggest some measures to prevent such tendencies among Indian youth.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss why suicidal deaths among Indian youth is increasing? Give some measures to prevent suicidal tendencies among Indian youth. Conclusion. Way forward. Approximately half of India’s 1.2 billion people are under the age of 29, making it one of the youngest countries in the world. Unfortunately, India … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the issue of rise in suicidal deaths among Indian youth. Suggest some measures to prevent such tendencies among Indian youth.”

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  • [Answered]‘Current climate crisis has led to an increase in the number of intense ‘hydro-meteorological’ disasters’. Comment. What policy measures can be taken to counter this?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss how climate change is leading to rise in frequency of floods? Suggest some measures to tackle the situation. Conclusion. Way forward. Hydro-meteorological disaster is a phenomenon of atmospheric, hydrological or oceanographic nature that cause loss of life, social and economic disruption and environmental damage. It includes … Continue reading “[Answered]‘Current climate crisis has led to an increase in the number of intense ‘hydro-meteorological’ disasters’. Comment. What policy measures can be taken to counter this?”

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  • [Answered]Critically examine whether the MGNREGA scheme has been able to address the issue of rural distress.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss progress made under MGNREGA. Mention various issues related to it. Conclusion. Way forward. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) guarantees 100 days of work a year to every rural household with an aim to enhance the livelihood security of people. It is the … Continue reading “[Answered]Critically examine whether the MGNREGA scheme has been able to address the issue of rural distress.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss in brief about the role of National Commission of Women. Do you think it is a toothless organisation?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the major role of the National Commission for Women. Mention majority limitations of the National Commission for Women making it toothless. Conclusion. Way forward. The National Commission for Women was set up in 1992 under the National commission Act. It was established to review the constitutional … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss in brief about the role of National Commission of Women. Do you think it is a toothless organisation?”

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  • [Answered]Examine the role of the Supreme Court as the final interpreter and guardian of the Indian Constitution.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the role of Supreme Court as the final interpreter and guardian of the Indian Constitution? Conclusion. Way forward.  The Supreme Court has been assigned a very significant role in the Indian political system and is the final interpreter of the constitution. Under the constitution of India, … Continue reading “[Answered]Examine the role of the Supreme Court as the final interpreter and guardian of the Indian Constitution.”

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  • [Answered]‘Increased use of facial recognition technology is dangerous in the absence of privacy and data security laws’. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various issues associated with facial recognition technology. Conclusion. Way forward. Facial recognition software has become increasingly popular in the past several years. It is used everywhere from unlocking phones, airports, shopping centres and even by law enforcement. While there are a few potential benefits to using … Continue reading “[Answered]‘Increased use of facial recognition technology is dangerous in the absence of privacy and data security laws’. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]‘Right to self-identification is a part of the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution’. In light of this critically examine various provisions of Transgender (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss both negative and positive provisions of Transgender (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019. Conclusion. Way forward. The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 is an act that seeks to provide for protection of rights of transgender persons, their welfare, and other related matters. As per the … Continue reading “[Answered]‘Right to self-identification is a part of the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution’. In light of this critically examine various provisions of Transgender (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various land reforms in India before and after independence.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are land reforms? Body. Discuss various land reforms in India before and after independence. Conclusion. Way forward. Land reforms refers to various reforms in regulations regarding land ownership and property rights for the benefit of the community as a whole. The main objective of the land reforms is to … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various land reforms in India before and after independence.”

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  • [Answered]Give an account of coral reef In India. Why are coral reefs so important? Discuss various methods of coral restoration.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various coral reef In India. Significance of coral reefs. Explain various methods of coral restoration. Conclusion. Way forward. Coral reefs are one of the most biologically diverse marine ecosystems on the Earth. Coral reefs play an important role in marine ecosystems and support the habitats of … Continue reading “[Answered]Give an account of coral reef In India. Why are coral reefs so important? Discuss various methods of coral restoration.”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by manual scavenging? Why does it still persist in India? Do you agree that state governments have failed to stop manual scavenging altogether?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is manual scavenging? Body. Discuss reasons for manual scavenging in India. Explain why state governments have failed to stop manual scavenging? Conclusion. Way forward. Manual scavenging refers to the practice of removing human and animal waste from dry latrines and carrying it to dispose off. It has been officially … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by manual scavenging? Why does it still persist in India? Do you agree that state governments have failed to stop manual scavenging altogether?”

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  • [Answered]What are various reasons for increasing land degradation and desertification across India? Discuss its consequences and suggest some measures.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is land degradation? Body. Discuss reasons for increasing land degradation and desertification in India. Mention its impact. Conclusion. Way forward. According to the UNCCD, land degradation refers to the loss of biological or economic productivity of land resulting from land uses or from a combination of factors including human … Continue reading “[Answered]What are various reasons for increasing land degradation and desertification across India? Discuss its consequences and suggest some measures.”

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  • [Answered]There is a view that the Official Secrets Act is an obstacle to the implementation of the Right to Information Act. Do you agree with the view? Discuss.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss how Official Secrets Act is an obstacle to the implementation of the Right to Information Act. Conclusion. Way forward. The Official Secrets Act was enacted in 1923 and was retained after Independence. The law makes spying, sharing secret information, withholding sensitive information, a punishable offence. The … Continue reading “[Answered]There is a view that the Official Secrets Act is an obstacle to the implementation of the Right to Information Act. Do you agree with the view? Discuss.”

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  • [Answered]The ‘Act East’ policy has not brought the expected gains for India. Do you agree?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss progress made under Act East policy. Mention various concerns regarding Act East policy. Conclusion. Way forward. India’s Act East policy is an effort of India to cultivate extensive economic and strategic relations with the nations of Southeast Asia. It is the successor of Look East policy … Continue reading “[Answered]The ‘Act East’ policy has not brought the expected gains for India. Do you agree?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss whether the introduction of Bt cotton has benefitted Indian farmers or not. Do you think genetically modified crops can help farmers’ cause?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various benefits and issues regarding use of Bt cotton for Indian farmers. Mention how genetically modified crops can help farmers’ cause and various issues with the same. Conclusion. Way forward. Genetically Modified Bt cotton was introduced in Indian market in 2002. Bt cotton covers over 95% … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss whether the introduction of Bt cotton has benefitted Indian farmers or not. Do you think genetically modified crops can help farmers’ cause?”

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  • [Answered]Assess the need and significance of strengthening intra-BRICS trade for Indian economy. What should be done to boost Indian trade with other BRICS countries?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the need and significance of strengthening intra-BRICS trade for Indian economy. Suggest measures to boost Indian trade with other BRICS countries. Conclusion. Way forward. Recently there has been a rise in trade disputes, protectionism and unilateral tendencies. Thus, the relevance and significance of cooperation among BRICS … Continue reading “[Answered]Assess the need and significance of strengthening intra-BRICS trade for Indian economy. What should be done to boost Indian trade with other BRICS countries?”

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  • [Answered]What is vertical farming? How does it work? Discuss its advantages and disadvantages.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is vertical farming? Body. Discuss how it works, its advantages and disadvantages. Conclusion. Way forward.  Vertical farming is the practice of growing crops indoors, on vertically inclined surfaces, under artificial conditions of light and temperature. It is done in a controlled environment, with the aim of optimising plant growth. … Continue reading “[Answered]What is vertical farming? How does it work? Discuss its advantages and disadvantages.”

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  • [Answered]Give an account on different strategies for implementation of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss different strategies for implementation of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture. Conclusion. Way forward. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) is one of the eight Missions under National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). It aims at making agriculture more productive, sustainable and climate resilient. NMSA has … Continue reading “[Answered]Give an account on different strategies for implementation of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.”

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  • [Answered]Elaborate the role of Subhash Chandra Bose in India’s struggle for independence.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the role of Subhash Chandra Bose in India’s struggle for independence. Conclusion. Contextual conclusion.  Subhash Chandra Bose was a prominent figure in India’s freedom struggle. He was not only an efficient leader but played an important role in the freedom struggle. He is remembered for his … Continue reading “[Answered]Elaborate the role of Subhash Chandra Bose in India’s struggle for independence.”

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  • [Answered]Bringing public health under concurrent list and declaring health as a fundamental right can improve India’s healthcare system. Discuss.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the need of bringing public health under concurrent list and importance of declaring health as a fundamental right. Conclusion. Way forward. The Lancet in its latest study ranked India at 145th among 195 countries in terms of quality and accessibility of healthcare, behind its neighbours China, … Continue reading “[Answered]Bringing public health under concurrent list and declaring health as a fundamental right can improve India’s healthcare system. Discuss.”

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  • [Answered]How can the ‘Digital India’ programme help farmers to improve farm productivity and income? What steps has the Government taken in this regard?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss how Digital India programmes can help to improve farm productivity and farmers’ income. Mention steps taken by the government in this regard. Conclusion. Way forward. Digital India was launched in 2015 to create digital infrastructure for empowering rural communities and promoting digital literacy. Given that 70%(2011 … Continue reading “[Answered]How can the ‘Digital India’ programme help farmers to improve farm productivity and income? What steps has the Government taken in this regard?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various provisions of disqualifications under Representation of people’s Act. Do you think these provisions have helped in decriminalising Indian politics?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various provisions of disqualifications under RPA. Discuss the effectiveness of these provisions in decriminalising Indian politics. Conclusion. Way forward.  The Representation of the People Act, 1951 serves the backbone of the electoral process in India. Apart from providing the framework for the electoral process, Representation of … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various provisions of disqualifications under Representation of people’s Act. Do you think these provisions have helped in decriminalising Indian politics?”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by the term ‘participatory democracy’? How important is the participation of people in a democratic setup?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is participatory democracy? Body. Discuss the importance of people’s participation in a democracy. Conclusion. Way forward. Participatory democracy is a form of democracy in which citizens are involved in the decisions about public policy that affect their lives. It gives citizens a central role in the making of particular … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by the term ‘participatory democracy’? How important is the participation of people in a democratic setup?”

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  • [Answered]Critically examine the effectiveness of electoral bonds to make Indian elections more transparent. What other reforms are needed to make Indian election process more fair?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss positive aspects and various issues related to electoral bonds. Suggest some reforms to make Indian election process more fair. Conclusion. Way forward.  Electoral bonds are instruments launched by the Indian government that allow donations to political parties using banks as an intermediary. These are meant to … Continue reading “[Answered]Critically examine the effectiveness of electoral bonds to make Indian elections more transparent. What other reforms are needed to make Indian election process more fair?”

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  • [Answered]Do government’s schemes for up-lifting vulnerable and backward communities by protecting required social resources for them, lead to their exclusion in establishing businesses in urban economies? Examine.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. How government schemes for vulnerable lead to their exclusion in establishing businesses in urban economies? Conclusion. Way forward.  Vulnerable and backward communities like SC/ST face various level of discrimination in the society. To mitigate these and to provide an equal opportunity to all, the government executes various … Continue reading “[Answered]Do government’s schemes for up-lifting vulnerable and backward communities by protecting required social resources for them, lead to their exclusion in establishing businesses in urban economies? Examine.”

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  • [Answered]The move to cash transfers will put agriculture on a sustainable growth path. Do you agree? Also, suggest some measures to make agriculture more sustainable and productive.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Need of making cash transfers in agriculture. How cash transfers will lead to agriculture on a sustainable growth path? Measures to make agriculture more sustainable and productive. Conclusion. Way forward. Agriculture is the most important sector of Indian economy. Indian agriculture sector accounts for 18% of India’s … Continue reading “[Answered]The move to cash transfers will put agriculture on a sustainable growth path. Do you agree? Also, suggest some measures to make agriculture more sustainable and productive.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the significance of Article 131 of the Indian constitution. Can States challenge the validity of central laws? Examine.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Significance of Article 131. Can States challenge the validity of central laws? Conclusion. Way forward. Under Article 131 Supreme Court decides the disputes between different units of the Indian federation- the Centre and states or between two or more states. Recently, the Kerala government moved the apex … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the significance of Article 131 of the Indian constitution. Can States challenge the validity of central laws? Examine.”

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  • [Answered]In a democratic polity the fundamental rights and duties of citizens are correlated. Comment in the Indian context.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss correlation between fundamental rights and duties. Conclusion. Way forward. It is commonly said that the rights and duties of the citizens are correlative. It means that rights have real meaning, if individuals perform duties. A duty is something that someone is expected or required to do. … Continue reading “[Answered]In a democratic polity the fundamental rights and duties of citizens are correlated. Comment in the Indian context.”

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  • [Answered]What are self help groups? Discuss various socio-cultural hurdles faced by Self Help Groups (SHGs) in promoting increased participation in development programmes.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are self help groups? Body. Discuss various socio-cultural hurdles faced by Self Help Groups (SHGs) in promoting participation in development programmes. Conclusion. Way forward. Self-Help Groups (SHGs) are small voluntary association of poor people, who come together for the purpose of solving their common problems through self-help and mutual … Continue reading “[Answered]What are self help groups? Discuss various socio-cultural hurdles faced by Self Help Groups (SHGs) in promoting increased participation in development programmes.”

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  • [Answered]Progress made under the BharatNet initiative is not impressive. Examine. Suggest some measures to reduce digital divide in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss progress made so far under the BharatNet initiative. Mention various reasons for not achieving targets under the scheme. Discuss various measures to reduce digital divide in India. Conclusion. Way forward. India has been appreciated globally for providing IT services. Indian growth saga in past decades was … Continue reading “[Answered]Progress made under the BharatNet initiative is not impressive. Examine. Suggest some measures to reduce digital divide in India.”

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  • [Answered]Critically examine whether the ‘Make in India’ initiative has met its objectives or not. Suggest some measures needed to improve its outcomes.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss progress made under Make In India. Mention various shortcomings. Suggest some measures to improve outcomes. Conclusion. Way forward. Make in India is a national program initiated by the Indian government to promote investment, innovation, skills development and build a world class manufacturing ecosystem in the country. … Continue reading “[Answered]Critically examine whether the ‘Make in India’ initiative has met its objectives or not. Suggest some measures needed to improve its outcomes.”

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  • [Answered]What are various malpractices in the medical and healthcare system in India? Discuss its consequences.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various malpractices in the medical and healthcare system. Mention consequences of such malpractices. Conclusion. Way forward. Health is considered as the biggest wealth of a human being. Healthcare is a fundamental right under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution. It includes within its ambit the right … Continue reading “[Answered]What are various malpractices in the medical and healthcare system in India? Discuss its consequences.”

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  • [Answered]“The good of an individual is contained in the good of all.” What do you understand by this statement? How can this principle be implemented in public life?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss how good of an individual is contained in the good of all? How can this principle be implemented in public life? Conclusion. Way forward. “The good of an individual is contained in the good of all” means that the good of an individual lies in the … Continue reading “[Answered]“The good of an individual is contained in the good of all.” What do you understand by this statement? How can this principle be implemented in public life?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various efforts made by India and various states to improve ease of doing business in India. What else needs to be done?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss recent efforts to improve in Ease of doing business. What else can be done to improve the rank? Conclusion. Way forward. Recent rise in India’s ranking by 14 places to 63 in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business 2020 survey is a positive development for … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various efforts made by India and various states to improve ease of doing business in India. What else needs to be done?”

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  • [Answered]What is mob-lynching? What are various reasons for a rise in mob-lynching incidents in India. Suggest some measures to prevent mob-lynching.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is mob-lynching? Body. Discuss various reasons for rise in mob-lynching incidents in India. Suggest some measures to prevent mob-lynching. Conclusion. Way forward. Mob lynching is an act of premeditated extrajudicial killing by a group of people, often targeted against a particular individual or group. Mob lynching is based on … Continue reading “[Answered]What is mob-lynching? What are various reasons for a rise in mob-lynching incidents in India. Suggest some measures to prevent mob-lynching.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the significance of Supreme Court judgement in Shreya Singhal case. Examine whether Draft Intermediary Rules by the Ministry of Information and Technology is against the principles of this judgement.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the significance of Shreya Singhal case judgement.Issues in Draft Intermediary Rules violating the principles of Shreya Singhal judgement. Conclusion. Way forward. Recently, in a landmark ruling, India’s Supreme Court held that citizens’ right to freedom of speech using the internet are constitutionally protected. The verdict is … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the significance of Supreme Court judgement in Shreya Singhal case. Examine whether Draft Intermediary Rules by the Ministry of Information and Technology is against the principles of this judgement.”

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  • [Answered]How globalisation has led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector of the Indian economy? Is increased informalisation detrimental to the development of the country?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss how globalisation has led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector? Argue whether increased informalisation is good or bad for the development of the country? Conclusion. Way forward. With the 1991 economic reforms India opened its door for the world and embraced globalisation that … Continue reading “[Answered]How globalisation has led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector of the Indian economy? Is increased informalisation detrimental to the development of the country?”

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  • [Answered]What are parliamentary standing committees? Discuss their need and significance in Parliamentary democracy.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are parliamentary standing committees? Body. Discuss why parliamentary standing committees are necessary? What is their significance? Conclusion. Way forward. Parliamentary standing committees are permanent and regular committees which are constituted from time to time in pursuance of the provisions of an act of parliament or rules of procedure and … Continue reading “[Answered]What are parliamentary standing committees? Discuss their need and significance in Parliamentary democracy.”

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  • [Answered]What is blockchain technology? Discuss its advantages and potential applications.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is blockchain technology? Body. Discuss advantages and potential applications of blockchain technology. Conclusion. Way forward. Blockchain technology is a technology that leads to a chain of blocks, containing digital information stored in a public database. It is a distributed database existing on multiple computers at the same time, which … Continue reading “[Answered]What is blockchain technology? Discuss its advantages and potential applications.”

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  • [Answered]Recent NCRB report has shown a rise in crimes against women over the years. Discuss various reasons for this. Suggest some measures to improve the situation.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various reasons for rising crime against women. Suggest measures for the same. Conclusion. Way forward. Crime against women is increasing every year. According to NCRB report, it has reached a peak in 2018. Close to 3.78 lakh cases of crimes against women were recorded in 2018, … Continue reading “[Answered]Recent NCRB report has shown a rise in crimes against women over the years. Discuss various reasons for this. Suggest some measures to improve the situation.”

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  • [Answered]Why is artificial intelligence one of the key developments of the 21st century? Discuss government efforts regarding artificial intelligence in India and the scope of its application in the development process of the country.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss why AI is a key development of the 21st century. Government efforts regarding artificial intelligence in India. Scope of its application in the Indian development process. Conclusion. Way forward. Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines. These are programmed to think … Continue reading “[Answered]Why is artificial intelligence one of the key developments of the 21st century? Discuss government efforts regarding artificial intelligence in India and the scope of its application in the development process of the country.”

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  • [Answered]In the coming decade, India’s cities need to focus on governance and sustainable development. In light of this, discuss various reasons for the poor performance of urban local bodies in India. What should be done to improve urban local governance?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various reasons for the poor performance of urban local bodies in India. Steps needed to improve urban local governance. Conclusion. Way forward. India’s economic survey 2018, estimates that the country’s urban population will reach 600 million by 2031, which is a cause for concern for urban … Continue reading “[Answered]In the coming decade, India’s cities need to focus on governance and sustainable development. In light of this, discuss various reasons for the poor performance of urban local bodies in India. What should be done to improve urban local governance?”

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  • [Answered]What is stagflation? What steps should be taken to control stagflation in Indian economy?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various causes of looming stagflation situation in India. Steps needed to control stagflation in Indian economy. Conclusion. Way forward. Stagflation is a situation in which the inflation rate is high, the economic growth rate slows and unemployment remains steadily high. With recent 7.35% rise in consumer … Continue reading “[Answered]What is stagflation? What steps should be taken to control stagflation in Indian economy?”

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  • [Answered]What is the importance of good early childhood education in child development? Discuss various provisions regarding primary education in draft National Education Policy.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the importance of good early childhood education in child development. Conclusion. Way forward. Early childhood education is education for children at early age especially between the ages of three and six. It is commonly referred to as preschool, nursery school or simply early education. During this … Continue reading “[Answered]What is the importance of good early childhood education in child development? Discuss various provisions regarding primary education in draft National Education Policy.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the importance of NGOs in India’s development process. Do you think present legal and regulatory mechanisms are adequate for efficient working of NGOs?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Role of NGOs in development. Various regulations related to NGOs in India. Issues related to NGOs. Conclusion. Way forward. NGOs are voluntary organizations, that work toward a social cause and social justice. They have assumed a significant space in civil society. NGOs with the support given by … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the importance of NGOs in India’s development process. Do you think present legal and regulatory mechanisms are adequate for efficient working of NGOs?”

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  • [Answered]What is meant by middle powers in international relations? How aligning with other middle powers would help India rise in the new global order?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are middle powers? Body. Importance of aligning with other middle powers for India. Conclusion. Way forward.  In international relations, a middle power is a sovereign state that is neither a superpower nor a great power, but still has large or moderate influence and international recognition. Countries like Australia, Japan, … Continue reading “[Answered]What is meant by middle powers in international relations? How aligning with other middle powers would help India rise in the new global order?”

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  • [Answered]Buddhism played an important role in spreading Indian culture across the globe in ancient times. Elaborate.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. How Buddhism played an important role in spreading Indian culture? Conclusion. Contextual conclusion.  Buddhism originated in India. Though Buddhism disappeared from India, yet, it had exerted great influence on the culture of India across the globe. Buddhism established an intimate contact between India and foreign countries. Many … Continue reading “[Answered]Buddhism played an important role in spreading Indian culture across the globe in ancient times. Elaborate.”

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  • [Answered]Subsidies are not a sustainable solution to underlying problems, rather it is a burden on fiscal purse. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss arguments in support of subsidies and against. Conclusion. Way forward. A subsidy is a form of financial aid or support extended generally with the aim of promoting economic and social welfare. The subsidy is given to improve the lives of the poor and is important to … Continue reading “[Answered]Subsidies are not a sustainable solution to underlying problems, rather it is a burden on fiscal purse. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by ‘The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is string of pearls? Body. Its impact on India. Steps taken by India to counter string of pearls. Conclusion. Way forward. String of Pearls refers to the Chinese intention to establish a network in India Ocean Region (IOR) surrounding India. Each Pearl represents some form of permanent Chinese military … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by ‘The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this.”

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  • [Answered]Write about major teachings of Swami Vivekananda. Discuss its relevance in present time.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Major teachings of Swami Vivekananda and its relevance today. Conclusion. Way forward. Swami Vivekananda was a great social reformer of the 19th century. Swami Vivekananda’s contribution to India’s renaissance is profound. He was deeply moved by the appalling poverty and backwardness of the masses. Swami Vivekananda gave … Continue reading “[Answered]Write about major teachings of Swami Vivekananda. Discuss its relevance in present time.”

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  • [Answered]What are the reasons for the high child mortality rate in India? Suggest some measures to control child mortality in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various reasons for the high child mortality rate in India. Discuss some measures to control child mortality in India. Conclusion. Way forward. Despite significant progress in recent years, India continues to have considerable issues with child mortality. India’s under-five mortality rate is the highest in the … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the reasons for the high child mortality rate in India? Suggest some measures to control child mortality in India.”

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  • [Answered]What are various new age threats to Indian security? Discuss how India should prepare itself for these threats.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various new age threats to Indian security. Mention how India should prepare itself for these threats? Conclusion. Way forward. India constitutes the world’s largest democracy. With rise in modern technologies and penetration, India confronts a wide spectrum of challenges to its security. Today national security challenges … Continue reading “[Answered]What are various new age threats to Indian security? Discuss how India should prepare itself for these threats.”

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  • [Answered]Analyse the elements of urban civilisation in the Indus valley Civilisation. What factors were responsible for its decline?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Various elements of urban civilisation in the Harappan Culture. Possible factors responsible for its decline. Conclusion. Way forward.  Indus Valley civilisation is the oldest urban civilisation discovered till date. It flourished in the basins of the Indus River. The civilisation is noted for their urban planning, baked … Continue reading “[Answered]Analyse the elements of urban civilisation in the Indus valley Civilisation. What factors were responsible for its decline?”

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  • [Answered]The spread of dengue in India has been related to unplanned urbanisation, changes in environmental factors, and a host of other factors. Elaborate.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Factors responsible for the spread of dengue in India. Some measures to reduce the spread of dengue. Conclusion. Way forward. Dengue is a major public health problem in India. It is a tropical disease caused by the dengue virus through mosquitoes bite. For the past ten years, … Continue reading “[Answered]The spread of dengue in India has been related to unplanned urbanisation, changes in environmental factors, and a host of other factors. Elaborate.”

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  • [Answered]What is financial inclusion? What are the challenges to financial inclusion in India? Discuss various government measures for the same.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is financial inclusion? Body. Challenges to financial inclusion in India. Various government measures for financial inclusion. Conclusion. Way forward. According to the world bank, financial inclusion means that individuals and businesses have access to affordable financial products and services that meet their needs. Accessibility, affordability and availability of financial … Continue reading “[Answered]What is financial inclusion? What are the challenges to financial inclusion in India? Discuss various government measures for the same.”

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  • [Answered]What is carbon tax? Do you think carbon tax can help in reducing air pollution in India? Suggest some measures to reduce air pollution in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is carbon tax? Body. How can carbon tax help in reducing air pollution? Issues related to Carbon Tax. Measures to reduce air pollution. Conclusion. Way forward. A carbon tax is a form of pollution tax imposed on the burning of carbon-based fuels (coal, oil, gas). It is a tax … Continue reading “[Answered]What is carbon tax? Do you think carbon tax can help in reducing air pollution in India? Suggest some measures to reduce air pollution in India.”

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  • [Answered]Young people with ethical conduct are not willing to come forward to join active politics. Suggest steps to motivate them to come forward.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Why are ethical people not willing to come forward to join active politics? Steps needed to motivate youth to join active politics. Conclusion. Way forward. India is a young democracy with 65% of the population below 35 years of age. Despite favouring demography, youth play a very … Continue reading “[Answered]Young people with ethical conduct are not willing to come forward to join active politics. Suggest steps to motivate them to come forward.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the role and significance of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS). How it would help in India’s security?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Role of Chief of Defence staff. Importance of CDS in India’s security Conclusion. Way forward.  The Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) is a high military office that will oversee and coordinate the working of the three defence Services in India. Most countries with advanced militaries like in … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the role and significance of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS). How it would help in India’s security?”

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  • [Answered]What are the major varieties of coal in India? Discuss various issues associated with coal mining in India?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Types of coal found in India. Various issues associated with coal mining in India. Conclusion. Way forward. India holds the 5th biggest coal reserves in the world. Around 7% of the world’s proven coal reserves are located in India. It is found in sedimentary rocks and is … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the major varieties of coal in India? Discuss various issues associated with coal mining in India?”

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  • [Answered]What is Corporate Governance? What are the weaknesses in corporate governance in India? Also, discuss the importance of ethically-based corporate governance.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is Corporate Governance? Body. Weaknesses in corporate governance in India. Importance of ethically-based corporate governance. Conclusion. Way forward.  Corporate Governance refers to the way a corporation is governed and managed. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) defines corporate governance as ‘procedures and processes according to which an … Continue reading “[Answered]What is Corporate Governance? What are the weaknesses in corporate governance in India? Also, discuss the importance of ethically-based corporate governance.”

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  • [Answered]Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing non-farm employment and income in rural areas. Discuss suggesting suitable measures to promote this sector in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Role of livestock in economy. Important Initiatives by the Government to promote livestock sector. Suitable measures to promote Livestock sector in India. Conclusion. Way forward.  Livestock sector plays an important role in Indian economy. India has vast livestock resources. India has 56.7% of the world’s buffaloes, 12.5% … Continue reading “[Answered]Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing non-farm employment and income in rural areas. Discuss suggesting suitable measures to promote this sector in India.”

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  • [Answered]Despite differences, India and China need to come together for a multilateral, rules based world order. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the need of cooperation between India and China for a rules based world order. Conclusion. Way forward. The world is undergoing a political, economic and social transformation. It is marked by the rise and dominance of Asian economy, politics and culture. The growing importance and emphasis … Continue reading “[Answered]Despite differences, India and China need to come together for a multilateral, rules based world order. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]What is quasi-federalism? Is India a quasi-federal state?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is quasi-federalism? Body. How India is a quasi-judicial state? Conclusion. Way forward.  Quasi-federalism means an intermediate form of state between a unitary state and a federation. It combines the features of a federal government and the features of a unitary government. India is regarded as a semi-federal state or … Continue reading “[Answered]What is quasi-federalism? Is India a quasi-federal state?”

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  • [Answered]What is strategic disinvestment? Discuss its need and significance for Indian economy.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is strategic disinvestment? Body. Need and importance of investment in India. Conclusion. Way forward. Strategic disinvestment is the selling of more than 50% of government shares in a public enterprise. As a part of strategic disinvestment, a part of the control of the company and or management is passed … Continue reading “[Answered]What is strategic disinvestment? Discuss its need and significance for Indian economy.”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand about the Integrated Farming System? How far is the Integrated Farming System helpful in sustaining agricultural production?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is Integrated Farming System? Body. Role of Integrated Farming System helpful in sustaining agricultural production. Various challenges. Conclusion. Way forward. The Integrated Farming System (IFS) is a combined approach aimed at efficient sustainable resource management for increased productivity in the cropping system. The IFS approach has multiple objectives of … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand about the Integrated Farming System? How far is the Integrated Farming System helpful in sustaining agricultural production?”

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  • [Answered]What is the Indian Ocean Dipole? What are its characteristic features? Discuss its impact on Indian monsoon.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is Indian Ocean Dipole? Body. Characteristics of Indian Ocean Dipole. Its impact on Indian monsoon. Conclusion. Way forward. Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) is an atmosphere-ocean coupled phenomenon in the Indian Ocean, characterised by a difference in sea-surface temperatures. IOD is the difference between the temperature of eastern (Bay of … Continue reading “[Answered]What is the Indian Ocean Dipole? What are its characteristic features? Discuss its impact on Indian monsoon.”

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  • [Answered]A focus on developing human capital and employment generation can help India to become a $5 trillion economy. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Need of investment in human capital. Importance of generating employment and human capital. Conclusion. Way forward.  India has one of the youngest populations in the world(65% of our population is under 35 years of age). With India aiming to become a $5 trillion economy by 2025, it … Continue reading “[Answered]A focus on developing human capital and employment generation can help India to become a $5 trillion economy. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by the term radicalisation? What are various reasons for growing radicalisation in society? Discuss its consequences and measures needed.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is radicalisation? Body. Various Reasons for growing Radicalisation in society. Consequences of radicalisation and measures needed. Conclusion. Way forward.  Radicalisation is a process in which an individual or group adopts extreme political, social, or religious ideals and aspirations. It reject or undermine the status quo or contemporary ideas and … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by the term radicalisation? What are various reasons for growing radicalisation in society? Discuss its consequences and measures needed.”

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  • [Answered]Implementation of information and Communication Technology (ICT) based Projects/Programmes usually suffers in terms of certain vital factors. Identify these factors, and suggest measures for their effective implementation.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Vital factors that affect ICT based Programmes implementation. Government measures and measures needed. Conclusion. Way forward. The information and Communication Technology (ICT) is a part of good governance and it enhances its accessibility by bridging the gaps in governance. It not only enhance governance efficiency but enable … Continue reading “[Answered]Implementation of information and Communication Technology (ICT) based Projects/Programmes usually suffers in terms of certain vital factors. Identify these factors, and suggest measures for their effective implementation.”

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  • [Answered]What is the importance of Gaganyaan mission to India? Discuss various challenges related to the mission

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Significance of Gaganyaan for India. Various challenges. Conclusion. Way forward. The Gaganyaan programme is an indigenous mission that would take Indian astronauts to space. It is an Indian crewed orbital spacecraft that is intended to send 3 astronauts to space by 2022, as part of the Indian … Continue reading “[Answered]What is the importance of Gaganyaan mission to India? Discuss various challenges related to the mission”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the need and importance of preserving India’s linguistic diversity. What measures are needed for the same?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Need and importance of preserving linguistic diversity. Government efforts. Measures needed. Conclusion. Way forward. India is one of the unique countries in the world that has the legacy of diversity of languages. The Constitution of India has recognised 22 official languages under the 8th schedule. People in … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the need and importance of preserving India’s linguistic diversity. What measures are needed for the same?”

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  • [Answered]Recent Citizenship Amendment Act, has a significant impact on India’s secular image with deeper foreign policy implications. Do you agree?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Impact on India’s secular image and foreign policy. What India should do? Conclusion. Way forward. The Indian parliament has passed the Citizenship Amendment Act amid protests all across India. As per this Act, Indian citizenship will be accorded to religious minorities of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, who … Continue reading “[Answered]Recent Citizenship Amendment Act, has a significant impact on India’s secular image with deeper foreign policy implications. Do you agree?”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by the term ‘Social Audit’? Discuss how it aids in good governance.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. How it aids in good governance? Related issues. Conclusion. Way forward. Social Audit is the critical assessment of government programmes and activities by the community with active involvement of the primary stakeholders. The people in coordination with local administration conduct social audit. It includes audit of the … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by the term ‘Social Audit’? Discuss how it aids in good governance.”

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  • [Answered]With millions suffering from hunger and tonnes of food grains rotting in massive accumulation of grain stocks Indian needs to reform their grain management system. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the need to reform grain management system. Government efforts. Conclusion. Way forward. India, with a population of over 1.2 billion, has seen tremendous growth in the past two decades. Its GDP has increased 4.5 times and per capita consumption has increased threefold. Similarly, food grain production … Continue reading “[Answered]With millions suffering from hunger and tonnes of food grains rotting in massive accumulation of grain stocks Indian needs to reform their grain management system. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]What are the key areas of reforms if the WTO has to survive in the present context of unilateralism and protectionism?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Problems faced by WTO. And reforms needed. Conclusion. Way forward. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the principal forum for setting the rules of international trade. In its two decades, it has helped reduce barriers to trade in both goods and services and created a dispute resolution … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the key areas of reforms if the WTO has to survive in the present context of unilateralism and protectionism?”

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  • [Answered]What are the various reasons for the failure of Tuberculosis control in India? Suggest some measures to prevent Tuberculosis in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Reasons for failure of TB control in India. Measures to prevent Tuberculosis. Conclusion. Way forward. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious airborne bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs but can also damage other parts of the body. According to WHO’s 2018 Global … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the various reasons for the failure of Tuberculosis control in India? Suggest some measures to prevent Tuberculosis in India.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post independent India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post independent India. Conclusion. Way forward. Maulana Azad was a Indian Scholar and Muslim Leader of Indian National Congress during Indian Independence Movement. Post Indian Independence, he became the First Minister of Education in Indian Government. He played an … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post independent India.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the reasons behind the success of Swachh Bharat mission. How the success of this campaign against open-defecation can act as a model for other schemes and policies?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Various reasons for Swachh Bharat mission achievement. How success of campaign against open-defecation is a model for other schemes and policies? Conclusion. Way forward. From being home to the highest number of open defecators in the world, India is now being claimed as an open defecation free … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the reasons behind the success of Swachh Bharat mission. How the success of this campaign against open-defecation can act as a model for other schemes and policies?”

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  • [Answered]What are the major causes of forest fires in India? Discuss its impact on the forest ecosystem. Suggest some measures to tackle it.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Reasons of forest fires and its Impact. Measures for tackling forest fires. Conclusion. Way forward. Forest fire is the uncontrolled fire that destroys large parts of the forest. They are a threat to the fauna and flora and destroy the biodiversity and the ecology of a region. … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the major causes of forest fires in India? Discuss its impact on the forest ecosystem. Suggest some measures to tackle it.”

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  • [Answered]What are the advantages of offshore wind energy projects to onshore projects? What are the challenges for offshore projects in India?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Advantages of offshore wind energy projects when compared to onshore project. Various challenges and government initiatives. Conclusion. Way forward. Offshore wind power or offshore wind energy is the use of wind farms constructed in water bodies, usually in the ocean on the continental shelf, to harvest wind … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the advantages of offshore wind energy projects to onshore projects? What are the challenges for offshore projects in India?”

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  • [Answered]What is ‘emotional intelligence’ and how can it be developed in people? How does it help an individual in making ethical decisions?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is emotional intelligence? Body. Discuss how can it be developed in people? Discuss how does it help an individual in making ethical decisions? Conclusion. Way forward. Emotional intelligence (EI) is the capability of a person to assess, manage and control one’s own emotions as well as emotions of others. … Continue reading “[Answered]What is ‘emotional intelligence’ and how can it be developed in people? How does it help an individual in making ethical decisions?”

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  • [Answered]The leadership provided by the USA in shaping the global order post WW2 is somewhat on a decline. Discuss various reasons for the declining power of the U.S. and its implications for India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. What are various reasons for the declining power of the U.S.? Discuss its implications for India. Conclusion. Way forward. American decline is a term used to describe the diminishing power of the United States geopolitically, militarily, financially, economically. Recently it was reported that worldwide approval of U.S. … Continue reading “[Answered]The leadership provided by the USA in shaping the global order post WW2 is somewhat on a decline. Discuss various reasons for the declining power of the U.S. and its implications for India.”

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  • [Answered]With a coastline expanding around 7500 Km India needs to replicate the successes in space exploration to the oceans as well. Discuss the need and importance of ocean exploration for India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the need and importance of ocean exploration for India. Conclusion. Way forward. India has an exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 2.02 million sq.km and a long coastline of 7500 Km with rich and diverse marine living resources. Government of India is promoting ‘Blue Growth Initiative’ which … Continue reading “[Answered]With a coastline expanding around 7500 Km India needs to replicate the successes in space exploration to the oceans as well. Discuss the need and importance of ocean exploration for India.”

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  • [Answered]Poor sanitation is a major reason for poor health of the population in Indian cities. Elaborate. Also suggest some measures to improve the situation.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. How poor sanitation is a major reason for poor health in Indian cities? Provide some measures to improve the situation. Conclusion. Way forward. Safe and clean drinking water and sanitation is a human right as recognised by the UN General Assembly in 2010. It is evident that … Continue reading “[Answered]Poor sanitation is a major reason for poor health of the population in Indian cities. Elaborate. Also suggest some measures to improve the situation.”

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  • [Answered]What is digital signature? What are various types of digital signature? Discuss its working mechanism and various benefits.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is digital signature? Body. Discuss various types of digital signature. Mention how digital signature works and it’s benefit. Conclusion. Way forward. A digital signature is a type of electronic signature which ensures that an electronic document is authentic. It gives the information about the creator of the document and … Continue reading “[Answered]What is digital signature? What are various types of digital signature? Discuss its working mechanism and various benefits.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various provisions of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana’ (SAGY). What are various challenges in realising the goals of this scheme?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various provisions of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana’ (SAGY). Mention various issues in realising the goals of this scheme. Conclusion. Way forward. The Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana was launched for clean and developed villages of rural India. This is a prestigious village development project, which focuses on … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various provisions of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana’ (SAGY). What are various challenges in realising the goals of this scheme?”

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  • [Answered]What is National Infrastructure Pipeline? Discuss its need and significance in light of India’s aim to become a $5 trillion economy.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is National Infrastructure Pipeline? Body. Discuss its need and significance. Conclusion. Way forward. The National Infrastructure Pipeline consists of the projects and programmes with a total allocation of  INR 102 lakh crore for infrastructure development in the next five years. It is in accordance with the government’s vision to … Continue reading “[Answered]What is National Infrastructure Pipeline? Discuss its need and significance in light of India’s aim to become a $5 trillion economy.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the problems faced by the power sector in India. Suggest some measures to tackle these problems.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various problems faced by the power sector in India. Suggest some measures. Conclusion. Way forward. Power or electricity is very essential constituent of infrastructure affecting economic growth and welfare of the country. India’s power sector is one of the key sectors which forms the foundation of … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the problems faced by the power sector in India. Suggest some measures to tackle these problems.”

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  • [Answered]Explain various types of revolutions that have taken place in Agriculture after Independence in India. How have these revolutions helped in poverty alleviation and food security in India?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Various types of revolutions in Agriculture after Independence in India. Significance of these revolutions in poverty alleviation and food security. Conclusion. Way forward. India is primarily an agricultural economy and majority of people are still dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. As per 2018, agriculture employed 50% … Continue reading “[Answered]Explain various types of revolutions that have taken place in Agriculture after Independence in India. How have these revolutions helped in poverty alleviation and food security in India?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the role of CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General) as an anti-corruption body.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the role of CAG as anti-corruption institution. Various issues related to CAG. Conclusion. Way forward. Comptroller and Auditor General is an important constitutional body that ensures government accountability in India. Article 148 of the Constitution provides for a CAG with the status of a Supreme Court … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the role of CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General) as an anti-corruption body.”

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  • [Answered]What is Demographic dividend? Argue whether Indian demographic dividend is turning into a demographic disaster or not?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss opportunity of demographic dividend for India. Various issues that can turn it into a disaster. Conclusion. Way forward. According to United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), demographic dividend means, the economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure. It occurs mainly when … Continue reading “[Answered]What is Demographic dividend? Argue whether Indian demographic dividend is turning into a demographic disaster or not?”

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  • [Answered]Access to Internet must be recognised as a fundamental right to free speech, basic freedoms and the right to life. Do you agree?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the need of recognising Right to Internet as a right in itself. Mention the significance of right to internet being recognised as a right in itself. Conclusion. Way forward. Today we live in a global digital era, where boundaries carry no meaning when it comes to … Continue reading “[Answered]Access to Internet must be recognised as a fundamental right to free speech, basic freedoms and the right to life. Do you agree?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizens a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of State Policy.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizen a uniform civil code. Conclusion. Way forward. In India, each community is governed by its own customs and personal laws related to marriage, divorce, maintenance, adoption, succession and inheritance. The idea behind uniform civil code is to … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizens a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of State Policy.”

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  • [Answered]Bring out the philosophy of the Indian polity as enshrined in the preamble of the Indian constitution. Also discuss various changes made to preamble since its adoption in Indian Constitution.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Philosophy of the Indian polity as enshrined in the preamble. Changes made to preamble since adoption. Conclusion. Way forward.  The term ‘Preamble’ refers to the introduction or preface to the Constitution. The Preamble to Indian Constitution is based on the Objective Resolution drafted by Jawaharlal Nehru and … Continue reading “[Answered]Bring out the philosophy of the Indian polity as enshrined in the preamble of the Indian constitution. Also discuss various changes made to preamble since its adoption in Indian Constitution.”

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  • [Answered]In order to arrest the slowdown in the economy, India needs to make their policies people-centric rather than growth-centric. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Why India require is to make their policies people-centric? Conclusion. Way forward. Indian economy is facing slowdown in recent times. There are various reasons for this slowdown. Although government has mentioned various tax benefits and tried to focus on boosting growth, it would not help much. The … Continue reading “[Answered]In order to arrest the slowdown in the economy, India needs to make their policies people-centric rather than growth-centric. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]What are the objective and salient features of National Nutrition Mission? Discuss various challenges to National Nutrition Mission and how to tackle the same.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Objectives and salient features of National Nutrition Mission. Challenges to National Nutrition Mission. Conclusion. Way forward. Malnutrition is the predominant risk factor for death in children younger than 5 in every state of India in 2018, accounting for 68.2% of the total under-5 deaths due to malnutrition. … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the objective and salient features of National Nutrition Mission? Discuss various challenges to National Nutrition Mission and how to tackle the same.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Causes of Depletion of mangroves. Importance of mangroves in maintaining coastal ecology. Conclusion. Way forward.  Mangroves are salt-tolerant vegetation that grows in intertidal regions of rivers and estuaries. They are referred to as ‘tidal forests’ and belong to the category of ‘tropical wetland rainforest ecosystem’. Mangrove forests … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology.”

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  • [Answered]Honesty as a policy always comes with a price. The path of honesty, like dharma, is straight yet seldom simple. It often turns out to be tortuous, consumes more energy, sometimes even damaging the vehicle because of unfavourable road conditions. The honest, however, go on regardless, perhaps driven by an inner force that borders on recklessness. Elaborate. Discuss the importance of honesty in civil services.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. How being honest is not easy? Importance of honesty in civil services. Conclusion. Way forward.  Honesty means being truthful and open. It is a facet of moral character that connotes positive and virtuous attributes such as integrity, truthfulness, including straightforwardness of conduct, along with the absence of lying, … Continue reading “[Answered]Honesty as a policy always comes with a price. The path of honesty, like dharma, is straight yet seldom simple. It often turns out to be tortuous, consumes more energy, sometimes even damaging the vehicle because of unfavourable road conditions. The honest, however, go on regardless, perhaps driven by an inner force that borders on recklessness. Elaborate. Discuss the importance of honesty in civil services.”

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  • [Answered]What is good governance? Discuss recent findings of Good Governance Index report in India. Suggest some measures to improve the governance in Indians states.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is good governance? Body. Recent findings of Good Governance Index report. Measures to improve the governance in Indians states. Conclusion. Way forward.  According to UNESCAP, good governance means ‘the processes and institutions which produce results that meet the needs of society while making the best use of resources at … Continue reading “[Answered]What is good governance? Discuss recent findings of Good Governance Index report in India. Suggest some measures to improve the governance in Indians states.”

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  • [Answered]What are functional foods? How functional foods can help in resolving India’s malnutrition and farmer’s issues?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are functional foods? Body. How functional foods can help in resolving India’s malnutrition and farmer’s issues? Conclusion. Way forward.  Functional foods are fortified, enriched or enhanced foods that provide health benefits greater than that of essential nutrients (e.g., vitamins and minerals), when they are consumed as part of a … Continue reading “[Answered]What are functional foods? How functional foods can help in resolving India’s malnutrition and farmer’s issues?”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by public service? List out the principles of Public Life as recommended by the Nolan Committee in this context.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is public service? Body. What are the 7 principles of Public Life by Nolan Committee? Conclusion. Way forward. A public service is a service which is provided by the government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing private provision of services. … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by public service? List out the principles of Public Life as recommended by the Nolan Committee in this context.”

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  • [Answered]‘Securing personal data is the key to making India truly digital’. In the light of this statement highlights the salient features of the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. Also mention the concerns raised against the bill. Suggest measures to address the same.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Key Features of Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. Key issues related to the bill. Conclusion. Way forward.  Data protection refers to policies and procedures seeking to minimise intrusion into the privacy of an individual caused by collection and usage of their personal data. Over the years, rapid … Continue reading “[Answered]‘Securing personal data is the key to making India truly digital’. In the light of this statement highlights the salient features of the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. Also mention the concerns raised against the bill. Suggest measures to address the same.”

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  • [Answered]Give an account of looming water crisis situation in India. Discuss how Atal Bhujal Yojana would help in preventing water crisis situation.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Present a scenario of developing water crisis situation in India. How Atal Bhujal Yojana would help in preventing water crisis situation? Conclusion. Way forward.  The demand for water in India is steeply increasing. India’s population is expected to rise to 1.66 billion in 2050. According to the … Continue reading “[Answered]Give an account of looming water crisis situation in India. Discuss how Atal Bhujal Yojana would help in preventing water crisis situation.”

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  • [Answered]A greater participation of women in police and judiciary, would help to reduce the violence against women in society. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Gender gap in judiciary and police. Why greater participation of women in the police and judiciary is needed? Conclusion. Way forward.  Crime against women in India is on the rise. National Crime Record Bureau report shows stark increase in violence against women in India. According to it, … Continue reading “[Answered]A greater participation of women in police and judiciary, would help to reduce the violence against women in society. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]What is OLED technology? How it is different from LED? Discuss its various uses.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is Organic Light Emitting Diodes technology? Body. Difference between OLED and LED. Its uses. Conclusion. Way forward.  OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diodes) is a flat light emitting technology, made by placing a series of organic thin films between two conductors. When electrical current is applied, a bright light is … Continue reading “[Answered]What is OLED technology? How it is different from LED? Discuss its various uses.”

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  • [Answered]What are various reasons for growing cancer burden in India? Suggest some measures to address the same.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Reasons for growing cancer burden in India. Recent Initiatives taken by government. Conclusion. Way forward.  Rising cases of cancer are crippling the health of our society as it has become one of the major causes of death in India. Cancer is the second most common cause of … Continue reading “[Answered]What are various reasons for growing cancer burden in India? Suggest some measures to address the same.”

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  • [Answered]A faulty implementation of the NRC could create a human rights issue of unimaginable magnitude. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Significance of NRC. How faulty implementation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) could create a human rights issue? Conclusion. Way forward. The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a document containing the name of all Indian citizens of Assam. The NRC is seen as a major … Continue reading “[Answered]A faulty implementation of the NRC could create a human rights issue of unimaginable magnitude. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]According to the recent World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Index 2020, the participation of women in the labour force is among the lowest in the world. What are various reasons for this? Suggest some measures to reduce gender gap in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Reasons for low labour force participation of women in India. Measures to reduce gender gap in India. Conclusion. Way forward.  The female labor force participation rate (FLFPR) in India has been one of the lowest among the emerging economies and has been falling over time. India has … Continue reading “[Answered]According to the recent World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Index 2020, the participation of women in the labour force is among the lowest in the world. What are various reasons for this? Suggest some measures to reduce gender gap in India.”

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  • [Answered]What are the impediments in marketing and supply chain management in developing the food processing industry in India? Can e-commerce help in overcoming this bottleneck?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Issues in marketing and supply chain management in developing the food processing industry in India. Significance of e- commerce in removing these issues. Conclusion. Way forward. The food processing sector is critical to India’s development, for it establishes a vital linkage and synergy between the two pillars … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the impediments in marketing and supply chain management in developing the food processing industry in India? Can e-commerce help in overcoming this bottleneck?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the significance of the Vaikom Satyagraha and the self-respect movement in modern Indian history.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Significance of Vaikom Satyagraha and the self-respect movement. Conclusion. Way forward.  India’s freedom struggle was not merely a fight against the British. Rather it was simultaneous fight against social evils and a struggle for a better society. Movements like Vaikom Satyagraha and Self Respect Movement played a … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the significance of the Vaikom Satyagraha and the self-respect movement in modern Indian history.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the role played by State Legislative Councils. How are they different from the Rajya Sabha? Also examine their usefulness for Indian states.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Role played by State Legislative Councils in states. Difference between the state legislative councils and Rajya Sabha. Usefulness of councils and issue related. Conclusion. Way forward. India has a bicameral system of legislatures both at the centre and in some states. At the state level, the equivalent … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the role played by State Legislative Councils. How are they different from the Rajya Sabha? Also examine their usefulness for Indian states.”

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  • [Answered]What is meant by constitutional morality? How does one uphold constitutional morality? Discuss its importance in public services.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is constitutional morality? Body. How does one uphold constitutional morality? Importance of constitutional morality in public services. Conclusion. Way forward.  Constitutional morality means adherence to the core principles of the constitution. Constitutional morality resolves conflicting interests of different people. It involves the administrative cooperation to resolve the issues without … Continue reading “[Answered]What is meant by constitutional morality? How does one uphold constitutional morality? Discuss its importance in public services.”

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  • [Answered]The Indian Constitution has provisions for holding joint session of the two houses of the Parliament. Enumerate the occasions when this would normally happen and also the occasions when it cannot, with reasons thereof.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Occasions when Joint Session of Parliament is summoned. Reasons for holding joint sessions. Exception to Joint Session. Conclusion. Way forward.  The parliament of India consists of the lower house (Lok Sabha), Upper House (Rajya Sabha) and the President. Though both the houses of the parliament are independent … Continue reading “[Answered]The Indian Constitution has provisions for holding joint session of the two houses of the Parliament. Enumerate the occasions when this would normally happen and also the occasions when it cannot, with reasons thereof.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the objectives of Ujjwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY). Critically examine its success and failures.

    Demand of the question Introduction. uday scheme Contextual introduction. Body. Objectives, achievements and failure of UDAY. Conclusion. Way forward.  Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) is a financial restructuring and efficiency enhancing program. It aims to reduce the debt burden of the state owned electricity distribution companies (DISCOMs) started. Though the main component of UDAY is debt … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the objectives of Ujjwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY). Critically examine its success and failures.”

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  • [Answered]With India and the USA coming closer to each other in the international arena, new challenges have emerged in India-Iran relations. Discuss.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Us-Iran issues. Consequences of the tussle. Conclusion. Way forward. Recently, India has come close to the USA in terms of bilateral relations. At the same time relations with Iran is taking a new strategic shape especially due to the importance of Iran’s Chabahar port and oil sources. … Continue reading “[Answered]With India and the USA coming closer to each other in the international arena, new challenges have emerged in India-Iran relations. Discuss.”

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  • [Answered]The current economic slowdown is a result of both cyclical and structural factors. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Structural and cyclical factors for slowdown. Conclusion. Way forward.  India is experiencing an economic slowdown for over a year now. India’s real or inflation-adjusted GDP grew at 5% in the June 2019 quarter of financial year 2019-20, the slowest growth in six years. The current slowdown has … Continue reading “[Answered]The current economic slowdown is a result of both cyclical and structural factors. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]To what extent globalization has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Positive and negative impact of globalisation on Indian culture. Conclusion. Way forward.  India is a diverse country and India’s greatness lies in its unique culture. Globalisation is the process of expanding and accelerating the movement of ideas, people, capital and exchange of commodities (goods and services) over … Continue reading “[Answered]To what extent globalization has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain.”

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  • [Answered]“Indian economy is undergoing a Four Balance Sheet (FBS) problem”. Examine. Also suggest some measures.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. About the four balance sheet. Various reasons for the same. Conclusion. Way forward. India is undergoing economic slowdown and the Four balance sheet problem. While twin balance sheet was about bank loans made to steel, power, and infrastructure sector companies during the investment boom of 2004-11 turning … Continue reading “[Answered]“Indian economy is undergoing a Four Balance Sheet (FBS) problem”. Examine. Also suggest some measures.”

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  • [Answered]How effective has the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana been? Examine. Also, discuss its significance.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Achievements, issues and significance of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana. Conclusion. Way forward.  In order to provide clean cooking fuel to BPL households in the country, the Government had launched Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) scheme. It aims to provide 8 Crore deposit-free LPG connections to women … Continue reading “[Answered]How effective has the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana been? Examine. Also, discuss its significance.”

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  • [Answered]“There is an urgent need to reform the criminal justice system in India.” Discuss in light of recent failures of criminal justice in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Poor criminal justice system in India. Reasons for this. Conclusion. Way forward.  The Criminal Justice System (CJS) encompasses a series of institutions, agencies, and processes established by the government to curb crime in the nation. In India article 21 guarantees the right to speedy justice as a … Continue reading “[Answered]“There is an urgent need to reform the criminal justice system in India.” Discuss in light of recent failures of criminal justice in India.”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by probity in governance? Based on your understanding of the term, suggest measures for ensuring probity in government.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is probity in governance? Body. Measures for ensuring probity in government. Conclusion. Way forward. Probity (Satyanishtha in Hindi) literally means a complete and confirmed integrity; having strong moral principles. Probity in Governance is defined as adherence to ethical and moral values like honesty, Integrity, rectitude, uprightness etc. It is … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by probity in governance? Based on your understanding of the term, suggest measures for ensuring probity in government.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various measures undertaken by the government to curb and control black money. To what extent have these measures been able to address the problem of black money in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Measures taken to curb and control black money. Their success and failure. Conclusion. Way forward.  Government’s white paper defines Black money as the aggregates of incomes which are taxable but not reported to the tax authorities either during generation or possession. The Government has taken several measures … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various measures undertaken by the government to curb and control black money. To what extent have these measures been able to address the problem of black money in India.”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by the term disinvestment? Critically examine the policy of disinvestment in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Disinvestment Policy in India. Advantages of the policy and Issues in the policy. Conclusion. Way forward.  Disinvestment refers to the act of selling or liquidation of assets. The process of dilution of a government’s stake in a PSU (Public Sector Undertaking) is disinvestment. The money obtained from … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by the term disinvestment? Critically examine the policy of disinvestment in India.”

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  • [Answered]“Population stabilisation efforts need to address existing socio-cultural barriers and ensure multi-sectoral participation.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Existing socio-cultural barriers against population stabilisation. Conclusion. Way forward.  India, with a current population size of 133 crore is the second-most populous country in the world. According to The World Population Prospects 2019, India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2027. … Continue reading “[Answered]“Population stabilisation efforts need to address existing socio-cultural barriers and ensure multi-sectoral participation.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered]Women empowerment in India needs gender budgeting. What are the requirements and status of gender budgeting in the Indian context?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Importance of gender budgeting in women empowerment. Requirements of gender budgeting in India. Status of gender budgeting. Conclusion. Way forward. Gender Budgeting is a powerful tool for achieving gender mainstreaming so as to ensure that the benefits of development reach women as much as men. The rationale … Continue reading “[Answered]Women empowerment in India needs gender budgeting. What are the requirements and status of gender budgeting in the Indian context?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the Right to Information Act’s role in fostering a more informed citizenry and an accountable government so far. What are the various concerns related RTI act?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. How RTI enabled a culture of accountability and more informed citizens in India? Issues and loopholes. Conclusion. Way forward. Transparency and accountability in administration is the sine qua non of participatory democracy. Right to information (RTI) ensured participation of Indian citizens in political and economic processes leading … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the Right to Information Act’s role in fostering a more informed citizenry and an accountable government so far. What are the various concerns related RTI act?”

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  • [Answered]“Crime rate against Scheduled castes and scheduled tribe remains high despite various safeguards in place.” Examine.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Various safeguards for Scheduled Castes and tribes. Crime against SC and ST. Conclusion. Way forward.  India is committed to the welfare and development of its people in general and of vulnerable sections of society in particular. Equality of status and opportunity to all citizens of the country … Continue reading “[Answered]“Crime rate against Scheduled castes and scheduled tribe remains high despite various safeguards in place.” Examine.”

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  • [Answered]It is said that ‘capital punishment provides neither justice nor deterrence against any crime’. Do you agree? Justify your answer.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Arguments for and against death penalty. Conclusion. Way forward.  A nationwide outrage over the series of incidents of sexual assaults of women has led to increased voice for capital punishment against the criminals. In colonial India, death was prescribed as one of the punishments in the Indian … Continue reading “[Answered]It is said that ‘capital punishment provides neither justice nor deterrence against any crime’. Do you agree? Justify your answer.”

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  • [Answered]How has golden rice been developed? Write a note on its importance in human nutrition.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. How golden rice was developed? Its importance in nutrition. Conclusion. Way forward. Golden rice is a genetically modified, biofortified crop. Golden rice is a variety of rice produced through genetic engineering to biosynthesize beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A, in the edible parts of rice. It is … Continue reading “[Answered]How has golden rice been developed? Write a note on its importance in human nutrition.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various issues related to labour laws in India? Suggest some measures to resolve these issues.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the Importance of Labour Laws. Various issues related to labour laws. Mention some measures to resolve these issues. Conclusion. Way forward.  Labour Law means laws that regulate conditions and well-being of labour. Labour Law in a way define the rights and obligations as workers, union members … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various issues related to labour laws in India? Suggest some measures to resolve these issues.”

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  • [Answered]“Climate change and unprecedented floods resulting from cloud bursts have facilitated the introduction of aquatic invasive alien species into new habitats in India.” Discuss the threat posed by invasive alien species on native ecosystem and how it should be tackled.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Mention various threats posed by invasive alien species on native ecosystem. Measures needed to control the invasive alien species. Conclusion. Way forward.  An alien species is a species introduced outside its natural past or present distribution; if this species becomes problematic, it is termed an invasive alien … Continue reading “[Answered]“Climate change and unprecedented floods resulting from cloud bursts have facilitated the introduction of aquatic invasive alien species into new habitats in India.” Discuss the threat posed by invasive alien species on native ecosystem and how it should be tackled.”

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  • [Answered]What is ‘digital divide’? What are its implications? Also suggest measures to bridge the digital divide in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the digital divide across the country. Various implications of digital divide. Measures to bridge the digital divide. Conclusion. Way forward.  Digital divide is a term that refers to the gap between demographics and regions that have access to modern information and communications technology, and those that … Continue reading “[Answered]What is ‘digital divide’? What are its implications? Also suggest measures to bridge the digital divide in India.”

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  • [Answered]“Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative.” In light of this discuss the measures taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employable?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Measures taken by the Government to reap the demographic dividend. Conclusion. Way forward. Demographic dividend refers to economic growth potential that results from demographic transition i.e. shift towards increased working age population. The demographic dividend underscores the fact that increased labour supply will increase the production of … Continue reading “[Answered]“Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative.” In light of this discuss the measures taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employable?”

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  • [Answered]“Growing Chinese presence in Indo-Pacific region demands a proactive Indian foreign policy.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss increasing presence of China in Indo-Pacific. How India should tackle Chinese dominance? Conclusion. Way forward. The term ‘Indo-Pacific’ has gained currency as a new construct in recent times. The Indo-Pacific provides a geographic and strategic expanse, with the two oceans being linked together by the ten … Continue reading “[Answered]“Growing Chinese presence in Indo-Pacific region demands a proactive Indian foreign policy.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered]“Section 124A of IPC has become as a tool of oppression to suppress the voice of many” Do you agree? Discuss whether it should be scrapped from India’s law book or not.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. How sedition law is an oppressive mechanism? Why it should be abolished? Need of continuation of Section 124A. Conclusion. Way forward. Sedition is an offence incorporated into the Section 124A of Indian Penal Code (IPC) in 1870. Section 124A of the IPC says that whoever by words … Continue reading “[Answered]“Section 124A of IPC has become as a tool of oppression to suppress the voice of many” Do you agree? Discuss whether it should be scrapped from India’s law book or not.”

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  • [Answered]What are the important functions of the Finance Commission? Discuss the terms of reference of the 15th finance commission and various apprehensions about it.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Functions of finance Commission. Key terms of references of 15th Finance Commission and various apprehensions. Conclusion. Way forward. Finance Commission is a statuary, independent, non-political body set up by President of India every five years (or earlier) under Article 280 of the Constitution. The Finance Commission of … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the important functions of the Finance Commission? Discuss the terms of reference of the 15th finance commission and various apprehensions about it.”

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  • [Answered]“Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance system are interdependent.” Discuss their relationship with each other in context of India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. How people’s participation is related to effectiveness of government and vice-versa? Conclusion. Way forward. One of the components of good governance as stated by UNDP is participation of citizens in decision making. It is important to view them as active participants in governance since they have a … Continue reading “[Answered]“Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance system are interdependent.” Discuss their relationship with each other in context of India.”

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  • [Answered]“Urban infrastructure is critical for development of the cities and surrounding areas.” In light of this discuss various reasons for growth of slum areas in India. Also discuss various issues associated with it.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Factors responsible for growth of slums in India. Various issues related to the slum. Conclusion. Way forward. Slums are illegal urban settlements on public land and usually grow over a period of time in a constant and irregular manner. According to the United Nations agency UN-HABITAT, a … Continue reading “[Answered]“Urban infrastructure is critical for development of the cities and surrounding areas.” In light of this discuss various reasons for growth of slum areas in India. Also discuss various issues associated with it.”

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  • [Answered]What are the salient features of Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan? Discuss various issues related to the scheme.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Salient features of PM-AASHA. Various issues. Conclusion. Way forward. Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA) is a recently launched scheme that guarantees Minimum support price (MSP) to the farmers. The scheme is an effort of the government’s commitment to ensure remunerative prices to farmers for their … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the salient features of Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan? Discuss various issues related to the scheme.”

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  • [Answered]What measures have been taken by the government to create a conducive environment for the disabled community? Discuss various reasons for limited impact of such initiatives.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Measures have been taken by the government for disabled community. Reasons for limited impact of the measures. Conclusion. Way forward. One billion people, or 15% of the world’s population, experience some form of disability, and disability prevalence is higher for developing countries. As per Census 2011, in … Continue reading “[Answered]What measures have been taken by the government to create a conducive environment for the disabled community? Discuss various reasons for limited impact of such initiatives.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Mention the role played by women in freedom struggle. Conclusion. Way forward. Women’s participation in India’s freedom struggle began as early as in 1817. While women were involved in the political arena since the foundation of Indian national congress days (Annie Besant started Home Rule League) and … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.”

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  • [Answered]Critically analyse the progress made in resolving stressed assets since the enactment of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC). Suggest some measures to improve it further.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Success of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code. Issues related to it. Measures to improve the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code. Conclusion. Way forward. Insolvency is a state of financial distress in which someone is unable to pay their bills. Bankruptcy is a legal proceeding involving a person or business … Continue reading “[Answered]Critically analyse the progress made in resolving stressed assets since the enactment of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC). Suggest some measures to improve it further.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various reasons behind Brexit. How Brexit would impact India?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Causes of brexit. It’s impact on India. Conclusion. Way forward. Brexit is the scheduled withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU). Britain has been seeking exit from the EU due to various reasons like increasing number of refugees into Europe, rising security threats, … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various reasons behind Brexit. How Brexit would impact India?”

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  • [Answered]“The newly passed amendment to the Citizenship Act redefines the way migrants can become Indian citizens.” In light of this discuss various concerns related to it. Why such an amendment is needed?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Key features and need of the amendment act. Concerns related to the amendment. Conclusion. Way forward. Citizenship refers to the full and equal membership of any political community. Citizens of a nation enjoy particular civil and political rights in a sovereign state. Recently, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, … Continue reading “[Answered]“The newly passed amendment to the Citizenship Act redefines the way migrants can become Indian citizens.” In light of this discuss various concerns related to it. Why such an amendment is needed?”

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  • [Answered]“Non-performance of duty by a public servant is a form of corruption”. Do you agree with this view? Justify your answer.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss arguments in favour and against the non-performance of duty as a form of corruption. Conclusion. Way forward. Transparency International regards corruption as abuse of power which erodes the fabric of society. It undermines people’s trust in the political system, in its institutions and its leadership. Non-performance … Continue reading “[Answered]“Non-performance of duty by a public servant is a form of corruption”. Do you agree with this view? Justify your answer.”

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  • [Answered]Comment on the significance of farmers union in India. What are various challenges faced by them?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Significance of farmers unions. Challenges faced by them. Conclusion. Way forward. Farmers unions are a group of farmers that work for the cause of farmers and try to solve various issues related to farming. In India The Bharatiya Kisan Sangh (BKS), All India Krantikari Kisan Sabha, All … Continue reading “[Answered]Comment on the significance of farmers union in India. What are various challenges faced by them?”

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  • [Answered]Explain how vaccines work? Discuss the significance of vaccination and mention various challenges regarding vaccination in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are vaccines? Body. How does vaccination work? It’s significance and various challenges for vaccination in India. Conclusion. Way forward. A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened … Continue reading “[Answered]Explain how vaccines work? Discuss the significance of vaccination and mention various challenges regarding vaccination in India.”

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  • [Answered]“In the absence of scientific planning and implementation, measures like Jal Shakti Abhiyan may not be successful.” Discuss in the light of looming water crisis across India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss about water crisis in India. Mention about Jal Shakti Abhiyan and various issues in it. Conclusion. Way forward. Following the massive water crisis across India, the Central Government has launched the Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA), a time-bound, mission-mode water conservation campaign. This campaign aims to make … Continue reading “[Answered]“In the absence of scientific planning and implementation, measures like Jal Shakti Abhiyan may not be successful.” Discuss in the light of looming water crisis across India.”

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  • [Answered]What is water-use efficiency? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is water use efficiency? Body. Discuss the role of micro-irrigation in increasing water use efficiency. Conclusion. Way forward. Water use efficiency (WUE) is the measure of a cropping system’s capacity to convert water into plant biomass or grain. It includes both the use of water stored in the soil … Continue reading “[Answered]What is water-use efficiency? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency.”

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  • [Answered]Comment on the significance of e-NAM initiative as a tool to resolve some of the agricultural issues in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. What are the challenges addressed by e-NAM? Significance of e-NAM. Conclusion. Way forward. eNAM is pan-India electronic trading portal for farm produce which aims to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities by integrating existing Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC) markets. It provides single window service … Continue reading “[Answered]Comment on the significance of e-NAM initiative as a tool to resolve some of the agricultural issues in India.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various initiatives taken so far by the Government towards gender equality in India. Why such initiatives have had a limited impact?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss various initiatives taken so far by the Government towards gender equality in India. Why these initiatives have limited impact? Conclusion. Way forward. The reality of gender inequality in India is very complex and diversified. Gender equality and women’s empowerment have been recognised as key not only … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various initiatives taken so far by the Government towards gender equality in India. Why such initiatives have had a limited impact?”

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  • [Answered]“Rising sexual abuse crime against children is a shame for whole nation and a threat to future of the country.” In light of this discuss the need and significance of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act, 2019.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Salient features of POCSO amendment. Discuss why it is needed and significance of the amendment. Conclusion. Way forward. Recently the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed with an objective of stopping the rampant sexual abuse of children. The amendment seeks to provide … Continue reading “[Answered]“Rising sexual abuse crime against children is a shame for whole nation and a threat to future of the country.” In light of this discuss the need and significance of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act, 2019.”

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  • MGP 2021 – All Documents

    List of Documents MGP 2021 – Comprehensive Brochure MGP/MGP+ Calendar Keyword Analysis for Each Topic  

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  • [Answered]The Citizens’ Charter is an ideal instrument of organisational transparency and accountability, but it has its own limitations. Identify the limitations and suggest measures for greater effectiveness of the Citizens’ Charter.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is citizen charter? Body. How Citizen Charter is a tool of organisational transparency and accountability? Various Limitations of Citizen Charter. Some measures to increase its effectiveness. Conclusion. Way forward. A Citizen’s Charter is a set of commitments made by an organisation regarding the standards of service which it delivers. … Continue reading “[Answered]The Citizens’ Charter is an ideal instrument of organisational transparency and accountability, but it has its own limitations. Identify the limitations and suggest measures for greater effectiveness of the Citizens’ Charter.”

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  • [Answered]“The UN development report indicate that prejudices and social beliefs obstruct gender equality.” In light of this discuss what measures should be taken to reduce the gender inequalities in the Indian society?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Mention prejudices and social belief against women. Their Impact. Measures needed to reduce gender inequalities. Conclusion. Way forward. The Human Development Report (HDR) for 2019 has ranked India 129 out of 189 countries. Although India has improved one rank from the 130th position last year, However, for … Continue reading “[Answered]“The UN development report indicate that prejudices and social beliefs obstruct gender equality.” In light of this discuss what measures should be taken to reduce the gender inequalities in the Indian society?”

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  • [Answered]Differentiate between retributive justice and restorative justice. Discuss why restorative justice is as important as retributive justice?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is retributive and restorative justice. Body. Difference between retributive justice and restorative justice. Need of retributive justice and why restorative justice is equally important? Conclusion. Way forward. Retributive justice is defined as a form of justice that focuses on punishment of the offender, and not on the rehabilitation. It … Continue reading “[Answered]Differentiate between retributive justice and restorative justice. Discuss why restorative justice is as important as retributive justice?”

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  • [Answered]“The problem with global environmental policies is that the climate treaties focus on symptoms, rather than the cause.” Elaborate.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the major issue in global environmental policies. Conclusion. Way forward.  The increasing levels of concentration of greenhouse gases, and rising temperatures, raises questions on the effectiveness of global climate policy. The problem is that global environmental policies have so far considers symptoms i.e. emissions of greenhouse … Continue reading “[Answered]“The problem with global environmental policies is that the climate treaties focus on symptoms, rather than the cause.” Elaborate.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various methods used by the Farmers organizations to influence the policy-makers in India. How effective are these methods?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are farmers organisations? Body. Methods used by the farmers organisations to influence the policy-makers. Effectiveness of these methods. Conclusion. Way forward. Farmers organisations refer to group of farmers who are organised to protect their own interests related to issues like minimum support price, subsidies, welfare schemes for farmers etc. … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various methods used by the Farmers organizations to influence the policy-makers in India. How effective are these methods?”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by the term ‘Asian century’? Discuss the importance of India-China relations in realising Asian century.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Importance of India-China relationship in realising Asian Century. Some important steps to boost bilateral relations between the two nations. Conclusion. Way forward.  The Asian Century is the projected 21st century dominance of Asian economics, politics and culture. The growing importance and emphasis of unity in Asia, demand … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by the term ‘Asian century’? Discuss the importance of India-China relations in realising Asian century.”

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  • [Answered]Almost six years after the Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 not much progress has been made in implementing various provisions of the act. Examine. Also discuss various issues involved in the functioning of lokpal.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Progress made so far. Issues related to the functioning of Lokpal. Conclusion. Way forward.  The Lokpal and Lokayukta Act was enacted in 2013 and came into force in 2014. Almost six years after the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013, was signed into law, several key provisions needed … Continue reading “[Answered]Almost six years after the Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 not much progress has been made in implementing various provisions of the act. Examine. Also discuss various issues involved in the functioning of lokpal.”

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  • [Answered]“The efficiency of the Indian railways has dropped to its lowest in the last decade, according to recent CAG report.” In light of this discuss whether privatisation of railways would help increasing the efficiency of Indian railways?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Need of privatisation in Indian railways. Various consequences of privatisation. Conclusion. Way forward. The Indian Railways is the world’s 2nd largest network in terms of track length and the largest network in terms of passenger traffic. The organisation’s financial health worsened in recent years as its earnings … Continue reading “[Answered]“The efficiency of the Indian railways has dropped to its lowest in the last decade, according to recent CAG report.” In light of this discuss whether privatisation of railways would help increasing the efficiency of Indian railways?”

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  • [Answered]‘Despite implementation of various programmes for eradication of poverty by the government in India, poverty is still existing’. Explain by giving reasons.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Various government efforts. Reasons for failure of poverty alleviation efforts and existence of poverty. Conclusion. Way forward. Reducing poverty has become an international concern as SDG 1 targets to end poverty in all its forms everywhere. The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index-2018 released by the UN noted that … Continue reading “[Answered]‘Despite implementation of various programmes for eradication of poverty by the government in India, poverty is still existing’. Explain by giving reasons.”

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  • [Answered]What is ‘virtual autopsy’? Discuss various advantages and disadvantages of virtual autopsy.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is virtual autopsy? Body. It’s advantages and disadvantages. Conclusion. Way forward.  Virtual autopsy is a virtual alternative to a traditional autopsy, conducted with scanning and imaging technology. In a virtual autopsy, doctors use radiation to examine the innards to reach a conclusion about the cause of death. A CT … Continue reading “[Answered]What is ‘virtual autopsy’? Discuss various advantages and disadvantages of virtual autopsy.”

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  • [Answered]What are ‘marine heatwaves’? Discuss what causes such waves and its ecological impact.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are marine heatwaves? Body. Causes of marine heatwaves. Ecological impact of marine heat waves. Conclusion. Way forward. A marine heat wave is usually defined as a coherent area of extreme warm sea surface temperature that persists for days to months. Marine heatwaves happen when sea temperatures are warmer than … Continue reading “[Answered]What are ‘marine heatwaves’? Discuss what causes such waves and its ecological impact.”

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  • [Answered]“Despite its potential, the mid-day meal scheme has been unable to make a transformative impact.” Discuss.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Potential benefits of mid-day meal scheme. Why mid-day meal failed to make a transformative impact? Conclusion. Way forward. Mid Day Meal Scheme was launched in 1995 with provisions to provide free meal to about 12 crore children studying in primary and upper-primary classes. The objective behind the … Continue reading “[Answered]“Despite its potential, the mid-day meal scheme has been unable to make a transformative impact.” Discuss.”

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  • [Answered]“Anger and intolerance are the enemies of correct understanding.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. How anger and intolerance affects understanding? Conclusion. Way forward. Anger and intolerance are negative emotions developed in response to an adverse provocation, or any threat. As Gandhiji said, Anger and intolerance are the enemies of correct understanding, one must control anger and must be tolerant. Correct understanding … Continue reading “[Answered]“Anger and intolerance are the enemies of correct understanding.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered] “B. R Ambedkar is called the father of our constitution.” In light of this discuss his major contributions in shaping a modern India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Major contributions of Ambedkar to modern India. Conclusion. Way forward.  Besides Gandhi, BR Ambedkar has emerged as the epitome personality of modern India. In framing the constitution of independent India, he played a leading role. He was appointed as the Chairman of the constitution drafting committee in … Continue reading “[Answered] “B. R Ambedkar is called the father of our constitution.” In light of this discuss his major contributions in shaping a modern India.”

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  • [Answered] What are human rights? How far do you think the NHRC has been able to fulfill its mandate in preserving these rights.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are human rights? Body. Discuss success and failures of NHRC. Conclusion. Way forward.  Human rights are reasonable claims of citizens recognized by the society but may or may not be sanctioned by law. A sanction by law makes them enforceable, otherwise they remain simply as moral claims. UNHRC recognises … Continue reading “[Answered] What are human rights? How far do you think the NHRC has been able to fulfill its mandate in preserving these rights.”

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  • [Answered]What are the salient features of the draft Seed Bill, 2019? Discuss various concerns related to the bill.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. What are the salient features of the draft Seed Bill, 2019? Mention various concerns. Conclusion. Way forward.  Recently, the draft Seed Bill 2019 was finalised which aims to regulate the quality of seeds sold and facilitate the production and supply of these seeds to farmers. It aims … Continue reading “[Answered]What are the salient features of the draft Seed Bill, 2019? Discuss various concerns related to the bill.”

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  • [Answered]Infant mortality rates in India are still one of the highest in the world with significant regional variations. Elaborate.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Mention high infant mortality rate in India and regional variations. Conclusion. Way forward. Infant mortality rate means the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year.This rate is often used as an indicator of … Continue reading “[Answered]Infant mortality rates in India are still one of the highest in the world with significant regional variations. Elaborate.”

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  • [Answered]“There are many structural flaws in Indian higher education system.” Examine.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Various structural issues in Indian higher education system. Conclusion. Way forward. There has always been furore about about the quality of university education. With no university among the ranks of world class universities, India’s higher education system is termed as poor, structurally flawed and underfunded.The latest ‘India … Continue reading “[Answered]“There are many structural flaws in Indian higher education system.” Examine.”

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  • [Answered]What is naxalism? Discuss various reasons of naxalism and government efforts to root out naxalism from the country.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is naxalism? Body. Discuss the reasons behind naxalite movement. Mention Government’s approach against Naxalism. Conclusion. Way forward. The Naxalism, is a term used to define a violent activities on behalf of landless labourers and tribal people against landlords and others by some individuals and groups. The Naxalite movement came … Continue reading “[Answered]What is naxalism? Discuss various reasons of naxalism and government efforts to root out naxalism from the country.”

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  • [Answered]“Populism is a threat to democracy and national interests.” Illustrate with examples.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. How populism is a threat to democracy and national interests?Measures to tackle populism. Conclusion. Way forward. Populism refers to a range of political philosophies that emphasise the idea of the people and against the privileged elites. When important concerns of the people are not addressed by the … Continue reading “[Answered]“Populism is a threat to democracy and national interests.” Illustrate with examples.”

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  • [Answered]What are liquid crystals? Discuss in brief the characteristic useful features of liquid crystals and their great range of applications in diverse fields.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are liquid crystals? Body. Their useful features of and range of applications in diverse fields. Conclusion. Way forward. Liquid crystals (LCs) are a state of matter which has properties between those of conventional liquids and those of solid crystals. For instance, a liquid crystal may flow like a liquid, … Continue reading “[Answered]What are liquid crystals? Discuss in brief the characteristic useful features of liquid crystals and their great range of applications in diverse fields.”

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  • [Answered]“Protection of Privacy is must in the age of rising cyber crimes.” In light of this critically examine salient features of the ‘Data Protection Bill, 2019’.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Key Features of Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. Various issues and analysis of the bill. Conclusion. Way forward.  Data protection refers to policies and procedures seeking to minimise intrusion into the privacy of an individual caused by collection and usage of their personal data. In India, usage … Continue reading “[Answered]“Protection of Privacy is must in the age of rising cyber crimes.” In light of this critically examine salient features of the ‘Data Protection Bill, 2019’.”

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  • [Answered]Comment on the rising incidents of sex crimes against women in Indian society. What are various laws and safeguards available against such crimes in India?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Reasons for rise in sex crimes against women in India. Legal measures available for women against such crimes. Conclusion. Way forward.  India is the most dangerous country for sexual violence against women, according to the Thomson Reuters Foundation 2018 survey.India’s National Crime Records Bureau reported about 339,000 … Continue reading “[Answered]Comment on the rising incidents of sex crimes against women in Indian society. What are various laws and safeguards available against such crimes in India?”

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  • [Answered]What are salient features of Citizenship amendment Bill, 2019? Discuss its need and significance.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. What are the Key features of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019? It’s need and significance. Mention various issues. Conclusion. Way forward.  Citizenship is the natural right of any citizen of a country. Citizens of a nation enjoy particular civil and political rights in a sovereign state. Recently, … Continue reading “[Answered]What are salient features of Citizenship amendment Bill, 2019? Discuss its need and significance.”

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  • [Answered]Comment on the ordinance making power of the President of India. Also discuss the various safeguards which can help to prevent possible misuse of such power.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Safeguards to prevent possible misuse of such power. Conclusion. Way forward. Ordinances are temporary laws which can be issued by the President when Parliament is not in session. The President has been empowered to promulgate Ordinances based on the advice of the central government under Article 123 … Continue reading “[Answered]Comment on the ordinance making power of the President of India. Also discuss the various safeguards which can help to prevent possible misuse of such power.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the progress made so far in campaign against AIDS in India. What are various government measures taken against AIDS and how to tackle it further?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body.Progress made by India against AIDS.Steps taken by Government of India against AIDS. Conclusion. Way forward.  The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), adopted by member countries of the United Nations in 2015, set a target of ending the epidemics of AIDSby 2030 (SDG 3.3). There has been much success … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the progress made so far in campaign against AIDS in India. What are various government measures taken against AIDS and how to tackle it further?”

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  • [Answered]What is meant by recession? What steps has the Government of India taken so far to tackle the current ongoing recession in the country?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is recession? Body. Steps taken so far to tackle the ongoing recession in the country. Conclusion. Way forward. A recession is a macroeconomic term that refers to a significant decline in general economic activity in a country. It is typically recognized after two consecutive quarters of economic decline, as … Continue reading “[Answered]What is meant by recession? What steps has the Government of India taken so far to tackle the current ongoing recession in the country?”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by ‘trade corridor’? Examine whether Kartarpur corridor should be converted into a trade corridor between India and Pakistan.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is trade corridor? Body. Why Kartarpur corridor must lead to trade corridor? Various issues and challenges. Conclusion. Way forward.  Trade corridors are integrated networks of infrastructure including highways, railroads and ports, to link cities or countries,designed to stimulate economic developmentwithin a country or between countries.When implemented, trade corridors are … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by ‘trade corridor’? Examine whether Kartarpur corridor should be converted into a trade corridor between India and Pakistan.”

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  • [Answered]What is a quasi judicial body? Analyse various advantages and disadvantages of these bodies.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are quasi-judicial bodies? Body. Various advantages and disadvantages of quasi-judicial bodies. Conclusion. Way forward. A quasi-judicial body is an entity such as an arbitrator or tribunal board which has powers and procedures resembling those of a court of law or judge. It is obliged to objectively determine facts and … Continue reading “[Answered]What is a quasi judicial body? Analyse various advantages and disadvantages of these bodies.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the features of Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. How it would help in ensuring health of Indian citizens especially poor?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Key features of Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY). How scheme would ensure health of Indian poor? Various challenges. Conclusion. Way forward.  Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme having central sector component under Ayushman Bharat Mission under the Ministry … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the features of Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. How it would help in ensuring health of Indian citizens especially poor?”

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  • [Answered]What is antimicrobial resistance? Discuss the issues around antimicrobial resistance in light of the recent government ban on colistin in the poultry industry.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is anti-microbial resistance? Body.Mention various causes of antibiotic resistance and some preventive measures. Conclusion. Way forward. Antimicrobial resistance occurs when microbes (bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites) become resistant to antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, anti-fungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and anthelmintics).As a result, the medicines become ineffective and infections persist in … Continue reading “[Answered]What is antimicrobial resistance? Discuss the issues around antimicrobial resistance in light of the recent government ban on colistin in the poultry industry.”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by ‘creamy layer’? Examine the feasibility of extending the concept of creamy layer to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is creamy layer? Body. Discuss arguments to against and in favour of extending creamy layer to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in India. Conclusion. Way forward.  The creamy layer is a concept that puts an income ceiling on people availing caste-wise reservations in government jobs and education.The term was … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by ‘creamy layer’? Examine the feasibility of extending the concept of creamy layer to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in India.”

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  • [Answered]“Several women poets have contributed to the Bhakti movement.” Illustrate.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Mention about women in Bhakti movement. Contribution of women poets in Bhakti movement. Conclusion. Way forward. The Bhakti movement refers to the theistic devotional trend that emerged in medieval Hinduism and later revolutionised in Sikhism. It originated in the Tamil south India (now parts of Tamil Nadu … Continue reading “[Answered]“Several women poets have contributed to the Bhakti movement.” Illustrate.”

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  • [Answered]What are salient features of Motor Vehicle Act, 2019? Do you think it would help in reducing ever rising number of road accidents?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Salient features of Motor vehicle act, 2019. How it will reduce accidents. Various issues. Conclusion. Way forward. With growing urbanisation and rising incomes, the number of motor vehicles in India has been increasing steadily. An increase in the number of vehicles on roads, led to an increase … Continue reading “[Answered]What are salient features of Motor Vehicle Act, 2019? Do you think it would help in reducing ever rising number of road accidents?”

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  • [Answered]“Although altruistic organ donation is important to save precious life, illegal organ trade is a threat to any society.” Discuss.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Organ donation scenario in India. Issue of illegal organ trade and reasons for the same. Conclusion. Way forward. Organ donation is the donation of biological tissue or an organ of the human body, from a living or dead person to a living recipient in need of a … Continue reading “[Answered]“Although altruistic organ donation is important to save precious life, illegal organ trade is a threat to any society.” Discuss.”

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  • [Answered]“Pushing for greater autonomy for States and protecting federalism is need of the hour, if India has to emerge as a major economic super-power.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the need of more autonomy and protecting federalism. Conclusion. Way forward. Indian economy is slowing down and is being pushed into state of recession due to various reasons. The government is being criticised for being over-centralised and thereby impacting working and smooth running of the economy. … Continue reading “[Answered]“Pushing for greater autonomy for States and protecting federalism is need of the hour, if India has to emerge as a major economic super-power.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered]Suppose the Government of India is thinking of constructing a dam in a mountain valley bond by forests and inhabited by ethnic communities. What rational policy should it resort to in dealing with unforeseen contingencies?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Mentionrisks of dam project. Discuss a rational policy for the same. Conclusion. Way forward. Constructing a dam in a mountain valley entails many challenges. A comprehensive rehabilitation policy is must to ensure that unforeseen contingencies which can hinder development projects are avoided.The issue involves Environmental security and … Continue reading “[Answered]Suppose the Government of India is thinking of constructing a dam in a mountain valley bond by forests and inhabited by ethnic communities. What rational policy should it resort to in dealing with unforeseen contingencies?”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by Agro-biodiversity ? How Agro-biodiversity can help in reducing country’s hunger problem?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is agrobiodiversity? Body. Discuss the issue of hunger in India. How biodiversity can help reducing hunger? How to increase India’s agrobiodiversity? Conclusion. Way forward. Agrobiodiversity can be defined as the variety and variability of plant, animals and micro-organism that are used directly or indirectly for food and agriculture. It … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by Agro-biodiversity ? How Agro-biodiversity can help in reducing country’s hunger problem?”

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  • [Answered]“The foreign policy of India has changed from ‘non-alignment’ to ‘multi-alignment’ in recent times.”Examine.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the situation of India’s foreign policy shift. Reason for shift towards multi-alignment. Conclusion. Way forward. Non alignment meant not about joining any of the bloc and taking a balanced approach. Multi-alignment means having a series of parallel relationships that strengthen bilateral partnerships and seek a common … Continue reading “[Answered]“The foreign policy of India has changed from ‘non-alignment’ to ‘multi-alignment’ in recent times.”Examine.”

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  • [Answered]“India could use green technologies to galvanise its faltering economy, create new jobs and become a climate leader.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss how Green technologies can provide an economic push? Conclusion. Way forward. Green technologies encompass various aspects of technology which help reduce the human impact on the environment and create ways of sustainable development. Social equitability, economic feasibility and sustainability are the key parameters for green technologies. … Continue reading “[Answered]“India could use green technologies to galvanise its faltering economy, create new jobs and become a climate leader.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered]Coastal sand mining, whether legal or illegal, poses one of the biggest threats to our environment. Analyse the impact of sand mining along the Indian coasts, citing specific examples.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss Coastal Sand Mining and impact on environment. Mention Coastal sand mining example around Indian Coasts. Conclusion. Way forward. Sand Mining is an activity referring to the process of the actual removal of sand from the foreshore including rivers, streams and lakes. Sand is mined from beaches … Continue reading “[Answered]Coastal sand mining, whether legal or illegal, poses one of the biggest threats to our environment. Analyse the impact of sand mining along the Indian coasts, citing specific examples.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various provisions of The Transgender Persons(protection of rights) Bill 2019. Do you agree Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 undermines the rights of the individuals it seeks to protect?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Mention key provisions in the bill. Various issues in the bill that would undermine the rights of transgenders. Conclusion. Way forward. As per the Census of 2011, the total population of Transgender in India is 4.9 lakh. They face highest social neglect and abuse in the society. … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various provisions of The Transgender Persons(protection of rights) Bill 2019. Do you agree Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 undermines the rights of the individuals it seeks to protect?”

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  • [Answered]“ISRO has been one of the best performing Public Sector Undertakings in India. However, an involvement with the private sector can aid high-technology manufacturing in the space sector.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss ISRO’s success as PSU. Howprivate sector can aid high-technology manufacturing in the space sector? Conclusion. Way forward. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has come a long way since its formation in 1969. It is one of the very few Public sector undertakings that are best performing … Continue reading “[Answered]“ISRO has been one of the best performing Public Sector Undertakings in India. However, an involvement with the private sector can aid high-technology manufacturing in the space sector.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered]“Has the Governor been acting more of an ‘agent of the centre’ rather than being the ‘constitutional head of state’.” Analyse in the light of recent controversies involving the post of Governor in India.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss how governor is acting as agent of centre in recent times. Mention the importance of governor as constitutional head. Conclusion. Way forward. The governor is the chief executive head of the state. He is a nominal executive head and also acts as an agent of the … Continue reading “[Answered]“Has the Governor been acting more of an ‘agent of the centre’ rather than being the ‘constitutional head of state’.” Analyse in the light of recent controversies involving the post of Governor in India.”

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  • [Answered]What is India’s plan to have its own space station and how will it benefit our space programme?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss India’s plan ofhaving its own space station and how it will benefit India’s space program? Conclusion. Way forward. India plans to have its own space station in the future and conduct separate missions to study the Sun and Venus. As the nation moves to bolster its … Continue reading “[Answered]What is India’s plan to have its own space station and how will it benefit our space programme?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various consequences of Illegal immigration in India. What are various laws in place to tackle illegal non-citizens?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various consequences of illegal migration in India. Mention various provisions and laws to tackle illegal non-citizens. Conclusion. Way forward. India has been witnessing immigration since independence. People who have faced religious and political persecution, economic and social discrimination, cultural repression and curbs on personal freedom have … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various consequences of Illegal immigration in India. What are various laws in place to tackle illegal non-citizens?”

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  • [Answered]It is imperative for citizens to strive for a perfect balance between their rights and duties in order to achieve local and national development goals. Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Mention about rights and duties and their necessities. Discuss why a balance between their rights and duties- must to achieve developmental goals? Conclusion. Way forward. While governments, institutions and civil societies work for citizen’s rights, inherent duties remain crucial for individuals in order to ensure the efficacy … Continue reading “[Answered]It is imperative for citizens to strive for a perfect balance between their rights and duties in order to achieve local and national development goals. Comment.”

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  • [Answered]“India-Nepal relations has been deteriorated in recent times and need to be strengthened.”Critically examine.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various issues and recent deterioration in India-Nepal ties. Mention areas of Cooperation that need to be strengthened further. Conclusion. Way forward. Nepal is an important neighbour of India and occupies special significance in its foreign policy because of the geographic, historical, cultural and economic linkages/ties that … Continue reading “[Answered]“India-Nepal relations has been deteriorated in recent times and need to be strengthened.”Critically examine.”

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  • [Answered]India and USA are the two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Mention the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based. Conclusion. Way forward. India and USA are the two large representative democracies in the world. In USA, democracy got its full swing with the drafting of the US Constitution in 1789 while the democracy in … Continue reading “[Answered]India and USA are the two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.”

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  • [Answered]In light of recent NSO’s survey findings on open defecation, criticallyexaminewhether Swachh Bharat Mission is a success or failure?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Mention recent National Statistical Office (NSO) survey findings. Discuss whether SBM is a success or failure? Various issues wrt SBM. Conclusion. Way forward. Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) was launched in 2014 with the aim of ensuring a ‘clean India’.The objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission included Eliminating … Continue reading “[Answered]In light of recent NSO’s survey findings on open defecation, criticallyexaminewhether Swachh Bharat Mission is a success or failure?”

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  • [Answered]“India had emerged as a hub of commercial surrogacy for couples in recent times, benefiting especially poor.” In light of this critically examine ‘The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019’.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss salient features of surrogacy bill, 2019. Various issues in the bill. Conclusion. Way forward. The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019 seeks to ban commercial surrogacy and intend to make it an entirely altruistic alternative, making surrogacy completely altruistic practice in India, with no emphasis on commercial interests. … Continue reading “[Answered]“India had emerged as a hub of commercial surrogacy for couples in recent times, benefiting especially poor.” In light of this critically examine ‘The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019’.”

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  • [Answered]“The draft rules to the Wages Act, a law expected to provide economic and social justice, will only exploit workers further.”Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Mention how of the draft rules to the Wages Act will lead to economic and social justice? Mention issues that may lead to exploitation. Conclusion. Way forward. The draft rules to the Wages Actproposes to simplify labour laws to bring them in sync with the emerging economic … Continue reading “[Answered]“The draft rules to the Wages Act, a law expected to provide economic and social justice, will only exploit workers further.”Comment.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss whether formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy ofIndia.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss arguments in favour of newer states as boon for economic development. Mention various issues and concerns. Conclusion. Way forward. Reorganisation of states has been one of the most contentious issues since the Independence of India. Besides political bargains, creation of new states has attracted the attention … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss whether formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy ofIndia.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the issue related to stubble burning. How co-operative federalism can help in solving this issue?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. How stubble burning lead to air pollution? Various reasons for it. How cooperative federalism can avoid Stubble Burning? Conclusion. Way forward. Stubble burning is a post-harvest practice used to clear fields of paddy crop residue by burning them. This practice mostly carried out in Punjab, Haryana and … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the issue related to stubble burning. How co-operative federalism can help in solving this issue?”

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  • [Answered]“Environmental migration is real and will increase multifold in the near future.” In light of this discuss the impact of increasing environmental migration in India. How India should prepare itself to face it?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the rising threat of climate related migration to India. Mention impact of climate related migration. How India should prepare for it? Conclusion. Way forward. The term ‘climate migrants’ or ‘environmental migrants’ is used to refer to people displaced due to climate change impacts such as sea … Continue reading “[Answered]“Environmental migration is real and will increase multifold in the near future.” In light of this discuss the impact of increasing environmental migration in India. How India should prepare itself to face it?”

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  • [Answered]“The increasing influence of social media in global politics and national elections demand strong measures.”Comment

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the need of media regulation. Some positive aspects and measures needed. Conclusion. Way forward. In recent years internet has expanded exponentially to every corner of the world. With rise in social media and its penetration, a wave of ‘mediatisation’ of Indian politics i.e. the media’s ability … Continue reading “[Answered]“The increasing influence of social media in global politics and national elections demand strong measures.”Comment”

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  • [Answered]What is meant by the term ‘constitutional morality’? How does one uphold constitutional morality?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is constitutional morality? Body. Discuss how does one uphold constitutional morality? Conclusion. Way forward. Constitutional morality means adherence to the core principles of the constitutional democracy. Constitutional morality mean an effective coordination between conflicting interests of different people and the administrative cooperation to resolve the issues without any confrontation … Continue reading “[Answered]What is meant by the term ‘constitutional morality’? How does one uphold constitutional morality?”

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  • [Answered]Argue whether electoral bonds are an effective mechanism to conduct fair and transparent elections? Suggest some measures to improve transparency in electoral funding to political parties.

    Demand of the question Introduction. What are electoral bonds? Body. Discuss the effectiveness, rationale and issues related to electoral bonds. Conclusion. Way forward. Electoral bonds are instruments that allow donors to pay political parties using banks as an intermediary. Although called a bond, the banking instrument resembling promissory notes do not carry any interest. These … Continue reading “[Answered]Argue whether electoral bonds are an effective mechanism to conduct fair and transparent elections? Suggest some measures to improve transparency in electoral funding to political parties.”

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  • [Answered]“Labour reforms are much needed for Indian progress towards a $5 trillion economy.” In light of this discuss the changes made in The Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019? What are the issues related to the changes?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the importance, changes and issues related to The Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019. Conclusion. Way forward. The road to a $5 trillion economy by 2025 is beset with many road blocks, one being various labour issues. Government is trying to push various labour reforms like The … Continue reading “[Answered]“Labour reforms are much needed for Indian progress towards a $5 trillion economy.” In light of this discuss the changes made in The Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019? What are the issues related to the changes?”

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  • [Answered]“Inclusiveness and equity are very important characteristics of a good public institution.” In light of this discuss the need and significance of subsidies in higher education. What are related concerns?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the need, Importance and issues of subsidies in higher education. Conclusion. Way forward. Recently, the proposed fees hike of residential hostels in Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) has sparked a widespread protest and controversy over subsidies in higher education. Need of subsidy in higher education: Almost more … Continue reading “[Answered]“Inclusiveness and equity are very important characteristics of a good public institution.” In light of this discuss the need and significance of subsidies in higher education. What are related concerns?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss various factors that has led to rise in india’s ease of doing business ranking. Do you think this would help drive Indian economic growth?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss recent improvements in Ease of doing business and reason for it. Discuss whether India’s jump in ease of doing business rankings will foster economic growth? Conclusion. Way forward. Recent rise in India’s ranking by 14 places to 63 in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss various factors that has led to rise in india’s ease of doing business ranking. Do you think this would help drive Indian economic growth?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the need and significance of a National Register for citizens in India? What are various concerns related to it?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the need and significance of NRC being implemented at national level. Various related concerns. Conclusion. Way forward. The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a document containing the name of all Indian citizens of Assam. The purpose of NRC update is to identify Indian citizens of … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the need and significance of a National Register for citizens in India? What are various concerns related to it?”

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  • [Answered]“The Chief of Defence Staff should not become another interposed level between the Government and the service chiefs.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Why CDS post is needed? Why post of CDS can become another interposed level between government and agencies? Role of CDS. Conclusion. Way forward. The Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) is a high military office that will oversee and coordinates the working of the three defence Services … Continue reading “[Answered]“The Chief of Defence Staff should not become another interposed level between the Government and the service chiefs.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered]“Free Trade Agreements with other countries do not guarantee economic growth or boost exports to other countries.” Critically examine.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Show FTAs doesn’t guarantee economic growth. Reasons behind failure of FTAs in boosting Indian economic growth. Conclusion. Way forward. FTAs are arrangements between two or more countries or trading blocs that primarily agree to reduce or eliminate customs tariff and non tariff barriers on substantial trade between … Continue reading “[Answered]“Free Trade Agreements with other countries do not guarantee economic growth or boost exports to other countries.” Critically examine.”

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  • [Answered]Examine the role of biotechnology in achieving food security in India. What are various challenges faced by biotechnology sector in India?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the role of biotechnology in food security and various challenges faced by the sector. Conclusion. Way forward. Food insecurity is one of the most pressing problems today, creating directly or indirectly several other challenges. The challenge of nutritiously feeding the skyrocketing population will be even more … Continue reading “[Answered]Examine the role of biotechnology in achieving food security in India. What are various challenges faced by biotechnology sector in India?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the need and significance of NATGRID project? What are various concerns related to NATGRID?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is NATGRID? Body. Discuss the need, significance and concerns related to NATGRID. Conclusion. Way forward. National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) is an ambitious counter-terrorism programme, which will utilise technologies like Big Data and analytics to study and analyse the huge amounts of data from various intelligence and enforcement agencies to … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the need and significance of NATGRID project? What are various concerns related to NATGRID?”

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  • [Answered]“India’s female labour force participation rate ranks much low and is declining.” What are various reasons for low labour force participation of women in India? Suggest some measures to correct the labour market’s gender skew.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the issues of low labour force participation of women in India and reasons for the same. Conclusion. Way forward. India is trying hard to become a superpower and to realise its dreams every stakeholder needs to be held accountable and every resource needs to be used. … Continue reading “[Answered]“India’s female labour force participation rate ranks much low and is declining.” What are various reasons for low labour force participation of women in India? Suggest some measures to correct the labour market’s gender skew.”

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  • [Answered]“There is need to move away from the present ‘staple grain fundamentalism,’ of Public Distribution System (PDS), to a more diversified food basket, with an emphasis on coarse grains.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the issue of malnutrition and under-nutrition. Mention need of solutions to hunger issue and to include a more diversified food basket. Conclusion. Way forward. The Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) report, by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, is important due to rising concerns for … Continue reading “[Answered]“There is need to move away from the present ‘staple grain fundamentalism,’ of Public Distribution System (PDS), to a more diversified food basket, with an emphasis on coarse grains.” Comment.”

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  • Economic Consequence Of Covid-19 

    Economic Consequence Of Covid-19  Source: The Indian Express  Syllabus: GS 3- Issues related to Indian Economy   Context: The Covid crisis has remained serious for the health situation as well as the economy. Almost all the countries are living under the lockdown. The next important step will be of exit plans from lockdown in which the task of reviving economy will be … Continue reading “Economic Consequence Of Covid-19 “

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  • One Nation One Card Can Supplement PDS 

    One Nation One Card Can Supplement PDS  Source: The Hindu  Syllabus: GS 3- Issues related to the Public Distribution System (PDS)   Context: Though 60 crore people are covered under the Centre’s ration card portability scheme, inter- state usage has remained very low. It could provide migrants a lifeline during COVID-19 lockdown by providing them free food grains … Continue reading “One Nation One Card Can Supplement PDS “

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  • Failure Of Aadhar Based Payment System 

    Failure Of Aadhar Based Payment System  Source – Livemint   Syllabus – GS Paper 2 – E-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential  Context – Rising transaction failure in AePS (Aadhaar Enabled Payment System) amidst COVID lockdown.  What is AePS   AePS is a bank led model which allows online interoperable financial inclusion transaction at Point of Sale (MicroATM) through the Business correspondent of any bank using … Continue reading “Failure Of Aadhar Based Payment System “

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  • Shaping India’s Response In A Global Hinge Moment

    Shaping India’s Response In A Global Hinge Moment  Source: The Hindu  Syllabus: GS 2-Issues related to India’s foreign relations and its interests.  Context: The Asia-Pacific region has become the new economic and political center with the rise of China, India and other countries like Indonesia, South Korea, Iran, Vietnam. It led to change in the Balance of Power (BoP) … Continue reading “Shaping India’s Response In A Global Hinge Moment”

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  • Should States Relax Labour Laws At The Time Of Pandemic

    Should States Relax Labour Laws At The Time Of Pandemic Source – The Hindu  Syllabus – GS Paper 2 – Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.  Context –States have granted exemption to Industries from legal provisions associated with Labour rights.  Important Labour Laws  Industrial Dispute Act, 1947 Factories Act, … Continue reading “Should States Relax Labour Laws At The Time Of Pandemic”

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  • NGT Action On Vishakapatnam Gas Leak

    NGT Action On Vishakapatnam Gas Leak Source –The Hindu    Syllabus – GS Paper 2 – Statutory, Regulatory and various Quasi-judicial Bodies.  Context – NGT, in Vishakhapatnam Gas leak disaster, directed LG Polymers to deposit Rs 50 crores  About NGT  What –It is a quasi-judicial body established under National Green Tribunal Act,2010.   While deciding a case, it applies the principles … Continue reading “NGT Action On Vishakapatnam Gas Leak”

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  • MGP – Frequently Asked Questions

    Line 1 Question : How can I join the Program online? The program can be joined online, by enrolling for it, by paying the fee online on academy.forumias.com or by NEFT / RTGS by emailing admissions@forumias.academy. Once enrolled, you will see the MGP Course in your Academy Portal. On the designated Test Day, you will … Continue reading “MGP – Frequently Asked Questions”

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  • [Answered]Despite Consistent experience of High growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Mention various issues making development elusive. Suggest some measures. Conclusion. Way forward. India today is among the largest economies of the world. However, according to the United Nations Human Development Index report 2018, India ranks 130 out of 189 countries.India has grown rapidly since 1991. While India … Continue reading “[Answered]Despite Consistent experience of High growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the role of BRICS as a bridge between developed and developing countries. What are its current concerns and issues that must be resolved?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Show how BRICS act as a bridge between developed and developing countries. Mention various concerns and issues in front of BRICS. Conclusion. Way forward. BRICS, has evolved from an abstract forum into an influential forum in the international arena and it has become not just a manifestation … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the role of BRICS as a bridge between developed and developing countries. What are its current concerns and issues that must be resolved?”

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  • [Answered]“Maternity benefits, are veryimportant for a working women but the vast majority of Indian women, are left on their own and are unable to enjoy present maternity benefits.”Discuss.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss how maternity benefits acts are benefitting only a few? Conclusion. Way forward. Maternity benefits are important for large population of women in India especially who are are working. Government has launched various schemes like Maternity benefit act, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) etc. Unfortunately the … Continue reading “[Answered]“Maternity benefits, are veryimportant for a working women but the vast majority of Indian women, are left on their own and are unable to enjoy present maternity benefits.”Discuss.”

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  • [Answered]“While health outcomes have greatly improved, tribal communities still lag behind.” Examine.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss various health issues among tribals and reasons for the same. Suggest some measures. Conclusion. Way forward. Tribal people account for 8.6% of the country’s population and their problems like health, poverty stillis an issue. The health status of India’s tribal communities is in need of special … Continue reading “[Answered]“While health outcomes have greatly improved, tribal communities still lag behind.” Examine.”

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  • [Answered]On what grounds a people’s representative can be disqualified under the Representation of People Act, 1951? Also mention the remedies available to such person against his disqualification.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body.Discuss the criteria for disqualification under RPA, 1951. Also mention the remedies available against these disqualifications. Conclusion. Way forward. The Representation of the People Act, 1951 provides for the conduct of elections to the Houses of Parliament and to the Houses of the State Legislature, the provisions regarding … Continue reading “[Answered]On what grounds a people’s representative can be disqualified under the Representation of People Act, 1951? Also mention the remedies available to such person against his disqualification.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the need and significance of Code of wages, 2019. How will it impact the Indian economy?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the need and significance of code of wage. Mention its impact on Indian economy. Conclusion. Way forward. Codes on Wages, 2019 will codify relevant provisions of four existing laws and intends to increase the legislative protection of minimum wage to the entire workforce. The codification proposes … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the need and significance of Code of wages, 2019. How will it impact the Indian economy?”

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  • [Answered]“Ministers at both the Central and State levels should follow a model code of conductwhich in turn would ensure democratic accountability.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the need of code of conduct for ministers and legislative individuals. What is the importance of such a code of conduct? Conclusion. Way forward. The Ministerial Code means setting out rules and standards for government ministers especially while any public dealing.In a major move to curb … Continue reading “[Answered]“Ministers at both the Central and State levels should follow a model code of conductwhich in turn would ensure democratic accountability.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered]“A data protection law is needed more than ever in the recent times.” Do you agree?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Why data protection law is needed? Conclusion. Way forward. Data protection is must in the age of digital era. With right to privacy being a fundamental right and recent rise in risks to privacy of the individuals, data protection law is need of the hour. The the … Continue reading “[Answered]“A data protection law is needed more than ever in the recent times.” Do you agree?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss main reasons for mangrove depletion and their importance in Coastal ecology. Conclusion. Way forward. Mangroves are salt-tolerant vegetation that grows in intertidal regions of rivers and estuaries. They are referred to as ‘tidal forests’ and belong to the category of ‘tropical wetland rainforest ecosystem’.Mangrove forests occupy … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology.”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the role and mandate of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) in disaster management.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body.Discuss main role and mandate of NDRF. Also mention some issues. Conclusion. Way forward. The Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India created the National Disaster Management Authority under which is an agency called National Disaster Response Force was established in 2009 in Delhi. This agency focused on … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the role and mandate of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) in disaster management.”

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  • [Answered]“The recent National Education Policy document, despite its lacunae, is a vast improvement over earlier education policies.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss main improvements in draft National education policy. Conclusion. Way forward. The draft National Education Policy provides for reforms at all levels of education from school to higher education. It seeks to increase the focus on early childhood care, reform the current exam system, strengthen teacher training, … Continue reading “[Answered]“The recent National Education Policy document, despite its lacunae, is a vast improvement over earlier education policies.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered]“Failure of state administration and mismanagement of water resources in urban cities has led to unsafe and poor drinking water quality endangering lives of many.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body.Mention the state of poor drinking water quality. How state failure led to such issues. Conclusion. Way forward. The report of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has raised issue of poor tap water quality in major Indian cities. City water systems are normatively required … Continue reading “[Answered]“Failure of state administration and mismanagement of water resources in urban cities has led to unsafe and poor drinking water quality endangering lives of many.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered]One of the tests of integrity is complete refusal to be compromised. Explain with reference to a real life example.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. How integrity is an uncompromising virtue? Real life examples to show the same. Conclusion. Way forward. Integrity means adopting similar standards or moral principles in similar situations across different time and different situations. In other words it means to be honest and consistent in thoughts, speech and … Continue reading “[Answered]One of the tests of integrity is complete refusal to be compromised. Explain with reference to a real life example.”

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  • [Answered]Assess the need and significance of strengthening intra-BRICS trade for Indian economy. What should be done to boost Indian trade with other BRICS countries?

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Need and significance for boosting intra-BRICS trade for India and how to boost it? Conclusion. Way forward. With rising trade disputes, trading arrangements in disarray and questions over the relevance of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the relevance and significance of intra-BRICS trade has increased more than … Continue reading “[Answered]Assess the need and significance of strengthening intra-BRICS trade for Indian economy. What should be done to boost Indian trade with other BRICS countries?”

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  • [Answered]“India is home to 77 million diabetics, second highest in the world.” In light of this discuss various causes and preventive measures required against diabetes.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Primary cause of diabetes. Preventive measures for the same. Conclusion. Way forward. Diabetes is a kind of metabolic ailment in which the body is incapable of producing insulin, leading to high blood glucose in the body leading cardio vascular diseases, kidney ailments, eye problems etc. India’s economic … Continue reading “[Answered]“India is home to 77 million diabetics, second highest in the world.” In light of this discuss various causes and preventive measures required against diabetes.”

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  • [Answered]“To put India-Pakistan relations on a positive trajectory more confidence-building measures and steps like Kartarpur corridor are needed.” Critically evaluate the statement.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Significance of corridor and need of CBMs. Discuss various issues and challenges. Conclusion. Way forward. Kartarpur gurudwara is the revered shrine across the border where Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism spent the last 18 years of his life.The corridor connect the holy shrines of Dera … Continue reading “[Answered]“To put India-Pakistan relations on a positive trajectory more confidence-building measures and steps like Kartarpur corridor are needed.” Critically evaluate the statement.”

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  • [Answered]What do you understand by Integrated Farming System (IFS)? How far is Integrated Farming System (IFS) helpful in sustaining agricultural production?

    Demand of the question Introduction. What is Integrated Farming System (IFS)? Body. How Integrated Farming System (IFS) is helpful in sustaining agricultural production? Conclusion. Way forward. The Integrated Farming System (IFS) is a combined approach aimed at efficient sustainable resource management for increased productivity in the cropping system. The IFS approach has multiple objectives of … Continue reading “[Answered]What do you understand by Integrated Farming System (IFS)? How far is Integrated Farming System (IFS) helpful in sustaining agricultural production?”

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  • [Answered]Discuss the need and significance of draft e-Commerce Rules, 2019 in light of increasing tentacles of e-Commerce in Indian market.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Mention the need, provisions and issue of draft e-commerce rules, 2019. Conclusion. Way forward. E-Commerce is a business model “enables a firm/individual to conduct business over an electronic network, typically the Internet.” The consumer and seller or service provider interaction gets better and efficient. E-commerce business in … Continue reading “[Answered]Discuss the need and significance of draft e-Commerce Rules, 2019 in light of increasing tentacles of e-Commerce in Indian market.”

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  • [Answered]“The linkage of hundreds of millions of the Aadhaar Card to social media accounts serves no useful purpose.” Comment.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss negative and positive aspects of linking Aadhaar to social media accounts. Conclusion. Way forward. A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors such as individuals or organizations. The massive influx of personal information that has become available online has … Continue reading “[Answered]“The linkage of hundreds of millions of the Aadhaar Card to social media accounts serves no useful purpose.” Comment.”

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  • [Answered]“India’s proud heritage of being one of the leading democracies in the world has taken a beating in recent times.” Examine.

    Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual Introduction. Body. Discuss the threat to Indian image of democracy. Conclusion. Way forward. Over the past few months, there had many instances that struck democracy by various issues and incidents. There is disconnectedness between elite and mass concerns and bring out its implications for the future of Indian democracy.Successful … Continue reading “[Answered]“India’s proud heritage of being one of the leading democracies in the world has taken a beating in recent times.” Examine.”

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  • Mains Guidance Program ( MGP ) – 2021 – The Test series Based, Mentor Guided Self Study Plan for CSE 2021

    Mains Guidance Program 2021 – Complete Guide |  Breakup of Syllabus | Keywords Dear All, We are commencing with the Mains Guidance Program ( MGP ) for 2021 from JULY 12 – with an orientation session. The MGP – 2021 is a revamped program from the past year with a lot of value addition done this … Continue reading “Mains Guidance Program ( MGP ) – 2021 – The Test series Based, Mentor Guided Self Study Plan for CSE 2021”

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  • Suppose the Government of India is thinking of constructing a dam in a mountain valley bond by forests and inhabited by ethnic communities. What rational policy should it resort to in dealing with unforeseen contingencies?

    Suppose the Government of India is thinking of constructing a dam in a mountain valley bond by forests and inhabited by ethnic communities. What rational policy should it resort to in dealing with unforeseen contingencies?

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  • What do you understand by Agro-biodiversity ? HowAgro-biodiversity can help in reducing country’shunger problem?

    What do you understand by Agro-biodiversity ? HowAgro-biodiversity can help in reducing country’shunger problem?

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  • “The foreign policy of India has changed from ‘non-alignment’ to ‘multi-alignment’ in recent times. Examine.

    “The foreign policy of India has changed from ‘non-alignment’ to ‘multi-alignment’ in recent times. Examine.

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  • “India could use green technologies to galvanise its faltering economy, create new jobs and become a climate leader.”Comment.

    “India could use green technologies to galvanise its faltering economy, create new jobs and become a climate leader.”Comment.

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  • Coastal sand mining, whether legal or illegal, poses one of the biggest threats to our environment. Analyse the impact of sand mining along the Indian coasts, citing specific examples.

    Coastal sand mining, whether legal or illegal, poses one of the biggest threats to our environment. Analyse the impact of sand mining along the Indian coasts, citing specific examples.

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  • Discuss various provisions of The Transgender Persons(protection of rights) Bill 2019. Do you agree Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 undermines the rights of the individuals it seeks to protect?

    Discuss various provisions of The Transgender Persons(protection of rights) Bill 2019. Do you agree Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 undermines the rights of the individuals it seeks to protect?

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  • “ISRO has been one of the best performing Public Sector Undertakings in India. However, an involvement with the private sector can aid high-technology manufacturing in the space sector.” Comment.

    “ISRO has been one of the best performing Public Sector Undertakings in India. However, an involvement with the private sector can aid high-technology manufacturing in the space sector.” Comment.

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  • “Has the Governor been acting more of an ‘agent of the centre’ rather than being the ‘constitutional head of state’. Analyse in the light of recent controversies involving the post of Governor in India.

    “Has the Governor been acting more of an ‘agent of the centre’ rather than being the ‘constitutional head of state’. Analyse in the light of recent controversies involving the post of Governor in India.

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  • What is India’s plan to have its own space station and how will it benefit our space programme?

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  • Discuss various consequences of Illegal immigration in India. What are various laws in place to tackle illegal non-citizens?

    Discuss various consequences of Illegal immigration in India. What are various laws in place to tackle illegal non-citizens?

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  • It is imperative for citizens to strive for a perfect balance between their rights and duties in order to achieve local and national development goals. Comment.

    It is imperative for citizens to strive for a perfect balance between their rights and duties in order to achieve local and national development goals. Comment.

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  • “India-Nepal relations has been deteriorated in recent times and need to be strengthened.”Critically examine.

    “India-Nepal relations has been deteriorated in recent times and need to be strengthened.”Critically examine.

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  • The reservation of seats for women in the institutions of local self- government has had a limited impact on the patriarchal character of the Indian Political Process.Comment.

    The reservation of seats for women in the institutions of local self- government has had a limited impact on the patriarchal character of the Indian Political Process.Comment.

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  • What do you understand by the term ‘informational autocracy’? Do you agree that in recent times, India is becoming an informant autocracy?

    What do you understand by the term ‘informational autocracy’? Do you agree that in recent times, India is becoming an informant autocracy?

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  • What are Farmer Producer Organisations? Discuss whystreamlining the agri-credit system is a much needed reform to facilitate higher crop loans to farmer-producer organisations?

    What are Farmer Producer Organisations? Discuss whystreamlining the agri-credit system is a much needed reform to facilitate higher crop loans to farmer-producer organisations?

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  • “To what extent anti defection law has been able to curb unprincipled and unethical parliamentary defections.”Critically examine.

    “To what extent anti defection law has been able to curb unprincipled and unethical parliamentary defections.”Critically examine.

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  • India and USA are the two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.

    India and USA are the two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.

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  • In light of recent NSO’s survey findings on open defecation, criticallyexaminewhether Swachh Bharat Mission is a success or failure?

    In light of recent NSO’s survey findings on open defecation, criticallyexaminewhether Swachh Bharat Mission is a success or failure?

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  • “India had emerged as a hub of commercial surrogacy for couples in recent times, benefiting especially poor.” In light of this critically examine ‘The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019’.

    “India had emerged as a hub of commercial surrogacy for couples in recent times, benefiting especially poor.” In light of this critically examine ‘The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019’.

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  • “The draft rules to the Wages Act, a law expected to provide economic and social justice, will only exploit workers further.”Comment.

    “The draft rules to the Wages Act, a law expected to provide economic and social justice, will only exploit workers further.”Comment.

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  • Discuss whether formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy ofIndia.

    Discuss whether formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy ofIndia.

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  • Discuss the issue related to stubble burning. How co-operative federalism can help in solving this issue?

    Discuss the issue related to stubble burning. How co-operative federalism can help in solving this issue?

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  • “Environmental migration is real and will increase multifold in the near future.” In light of this discuss the impact of increasing environmental migration in India. How India should prepare itself to face it?

    “Environmental migration is real and will increase multifold in the near future.” In light of this discuss the impact of increasing environmental migration in India. How India should prepare itself to face it?

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  • “The increasinginfluence of social media in global politics and national elections demand strong measures.”Comment

    “The increasinginfluence of social media in global politics and national elections demand strong measures.”Comment

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  • What is meant by the term ‘constitutional morality’? How does one uphold constitutional morality?

    What is meant by the term ‘constitutional morality’? How does one uphold constitutional morality?

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  • Argue whether electoral bonds are an effective mechanism to conduct fair and transparent elections? Suggest some measures to improve transparency in electoral funding to political parties.

    Argue whether electoral bonds are an effective mechanism to conduct fair and transparent elections? Suggest some measures to improve transparency in electoral funding to political parties.

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  • “Labour reforms are much needed for Indian progress towards a $5 trillion economy.” In light of this discuss the changes made in The Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019? What are the issues related to the changes?

    “Labour reforms are much needed for Indian progress towards a $5 trillion economy.” In light of this discuss the changes made in The Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019? What are the issues related to the changes?

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  • “Inclusiveness and equity are very important characteristics of a good public institution.”In light of this discuss the need and significance of subsidies in higher education. What are related concerns?

    “Inclusiveness and equity are very important characteristics of a good public institution.”In light of this discuss the need and significance of subsidies in higher education. What are related concerns?

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  • Discuss various factors that has led to rise in india’s ease of doing business ranking. Do you think this would help drive Indian economic growth?

    Discuss various factors that has led to rise in india’s ease of doing business ranking. Do you think this would help drive Indian economic growth?

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  • Discussthe need and significance of a National Register for citizens in India?What are various concerns related to it?

    Discussthe need and significance of a National Register for citizens in India?What are various concerns related to it?

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  • “The Chief of Defence Staff should not become another interposed level between the Government and the service chiefs.” Comment.

    “The Chief of Defence Staff should not become another interposed level between the Government and the service chiefs.” Comment.

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  • “Free Trade Agreements with other countriesdo not guarantee economic growth or boost exports to other countries.” Critically examine.

    “Free Trade Agreements with other countriesdo not guarantee economic growth or boost exports to other countries.” Critically examine.

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  • Examine the role of biotechnology in achieving food security in India. What are various challenges faced by biotechnology sector in India?

    Examine the role of biotechnology in achieving food security in India. What are various challenges faced by biotechnology sector in India?

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  • Discussthe need and significance of NATGRID project?What are various concerns related to NATGRID?

    Discussthe need and significance of NATGRID project?What are various concerns related to NATGRID?

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  • “India’s female labour force participation rate ranks much low and is declining.” What are various reasons for low labour force participation of women in India? Suggest some measures to correct the labour market’s gender skew.

    “India’s female labour force participation rate ranks much low and is declining.” What are various reasons for low labour force participation of women in India? Suggest some measures to correct the labour market’s gender skew.

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  • “There is need to move away from the present ‘staple grain fundamentalism,’ of Public Distribution System (PDS), to a more diversified food basket, with an emphasis on coarse grains.” Comment.

    “There is need to move away from the present ‘staple grain fundamentalism,’ of Public Distribution System (PDS), to a more diversified food basket, with an emphasis on coarse grains.” Comment.

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  • Despite Consistent experience of High growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive.

    Despite Consistent experience of High growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive.

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  • Discuss the role of BRICS as a bridge between developed and developing countries. What are its current concerns and issues that must be resolved?

    Discuss the role of BRICS as a bridge between developed and developing countries. What are its current concerns and issues that must be resolved?

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  • “Maternity benefits, are veryimportant for a working women but the vast majority of Indian women, are left on their own and are unable to enjoy present maternity benefits.”Discuss.

    “Maternity benefits, are veryimportant for a working women but the vast majority of Indian women, are left on their own and are unable to enjoy present maternity benefits.”Discuss.

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  • “While health outcomes have greatly improved, tribal communities still lag behind.” Examine.

    “While health outcomes have greatly improved, tribal communities still lag behind.” Examine.

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  • On what grounds a people’s representative can be disqualified under the Representation of People Act, 1951? Also mention the remedies available to such person against his disqualification.

    On what grounds a people’s representative can be disqualified under the Representation of People Act, 1951? Also mention the remedies available to such person against his disqualification.

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  • Discuss the need and significance of Code of wages, 2019. How will it impact the Indian economy?

    Discuss the need and significance of Code of wages, 2019. How will it impact the Indian economy?

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  • “Ministers at both the Central and State levels should follow a model code of conductwhich in turn would ensure democratic accountability.” Comment.

    “Ministers at both the Central and State levels should follow a model code of conductwhich in turn would ensure democratic accountability.” Comment.

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  • “A data protection law is needed more than ever in the recent times.” Do you agree?

    “A data protection law is needed more than ever in the recent times.” Do you agree?

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  • Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology.

    Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology.

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  • Discuss the role and mandate of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) in disaster management.

    Discuss the role and mandate of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) in disaster management.

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  • “The recent National Education Policy document, despite its lacunae, is a vast improvement over earlier education policies.” Comment.

    “The recent National Education Policy document, despite its lacunae, is a vast improvement over earlier education policies.” Comment.

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  • “Failure of state administration and mismanagement of water resources in urban cities hasled tounsafe and poor drinking water quality endangering lives of many.” Comment.

    “Failure of state administration and mismanagement of water resources in urban cities hasled tounsafe and poor drinking water quality endangering lives of many.” Comment.

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  • One of the tests of integrity is complete refusal to be compromised. Explain with reference to a real life example.

    One of the tests of integrity is complete refusal to be compromised. Explain with reference to a real life example.

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  • Assess the need and significance of strengthening intra-BRICS trade for Indian economy. What should be done to boost Indian trade with other BRICS countries?

    Assess the need and significance of strengthening intra-BRICS trade for Indian economy. What should be done to boost Indian trade with other BRICS countries?

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  • “India is home to 77 million diabetics, second highest in the world.” In light of this discuss various causes and preventive measures required against diabetes.

    “India is home to 77 million diabetics, second highest in the world.” In light of this discuss various causes and preventive measures required against diabetes.

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  • “To put India-Pakistan relationson a positive trajectory more confidence-building measures and steps like Kartarpur corridor are needed.” Critically evaluate the statement.

    “To put India-Pakistan relationson a positive trajectory more confidence-building measures and steps like Kartarpur corridor are needed.” Critically evaluate the statement.

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  • Qrious Project

    his project is aimed to provide the following to our esteemed readers. High quality content on news that arouse curiosity and satisfy thirst for knowledge  Satisfy curiosity arising from complex issues, or current news items  Explaining “important” static issues that are difficult to understand for students.   1.What is helicopter money and why its use … Continue reading “Qrious Project”

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  • Comprehensive Guidance Program – The Foundation Program by ForumIAS

    The Comprehensive Guidance Program ( CGP ) is the flagship Prelims-Cum-Mains ( PCM) program of ForumIAS Academy. Before we tell you more about it, here is something you need to know. #1 What is lacking in conventional foundation programs? #2 What is the one problem that ForumIAS is trying to solve with the CGP program? … Continue reading “Comprehensive Guidance Program – The Foundation Program by ForumIAS”

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  • Conflict of Interest

    Summary ForumIAS reserves rights to creation, editing and deletion of content on the community platform. A Conflict of Interest Exists between Academy and Community, which should be accepted and minimised. ForumIAS Members may be biased towards the academy. Community Members are required to do due diligence before accepting any advice or influence. ForumIAS does not … Continue reading “Conflict of Interest”

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  • Elite Author Program

    Ever wondered that the Internet is flooded with poor quality content. Quantity has overtaken quality. Want to change how things work? Want to create deep, engaging content, that would meet national and global standards? We love to read from Vox, The Diplomat, NYTimes and yet we fail to realise that deep work in content creation … Continue reading “Elite Author Program”

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  • Environment For UPSC Civil services examination

    Hey there, Welcome to your one stop shop for Environment for civil services. Here you will find easy to read and rich in content articles by ForumIAS for UPSC Civil services examination. The aim of these articles is to provide you a repository of content at one place to significantly ease your preparation. Hope it … Continue reading “Environment For UPSC Civil services examination”

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  • Economy Question For Upsc

    Hey there, Welcome to your one stop shop for Economy for civil services. Here you will find easy to read and rich in content articles by ForumIAS for UPSC Civil services examination. The aim of these articles is to provide you a repository of content at one place to significantly ease your preparation. Hope it … Continue reading “Economy Question For Upsc”

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  • Protected: Public

    There is no excerpt because this is a protected post.

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  • [Video] IFS Rank 2 : Abhishek Surana Detailed Strategy for IFS Preparation

    Abhishek Surana has secured Rank 2 in Indian Forest Service 2017. He also secured Rank 250 in Civil Services Examination 2017. He was accordingly allocated Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service. But he was relentless in the pursuit of his goal. Here is a video of him, explaining in detail his strategy for Indian … Continue reading “[Video] IFS Rank 2 : Abhishek Surana Detailed Strategy for IFS Preparation”

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  • What is IPS? How can I become an IPS Officer?

    What is IPS? IPS stands for the Indian Police Service. The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All India Services, other than the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS). It is a uniformed civil service. In 1948, the prestigious Indian Imperial Police was renamed to IPS. How can … Continue reading “What is IPS? How can I become an IPS Officer?”

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  • What is IAS? How can I become an IAS?

    If you are on ForumIAS, you probably want to become an IAS, or are already as IAS Officer. With 4000+ Officer in the IAS, IPS and other All India Services and Allied Services from ForumIAS in the service, you are at the right place. What is IAS & Full form? IAS stands for the Indian Administrative … Continue reading “What is IAS? How can I become an IAS?”

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  • Books for IAS – Community Contributed Notes & Books

    This page contains the community contributed notes, books, PDFs, and resources for IAS preparation. All material has been contributed by ForumIAS Members only. Files have been collated by member AHatley and taken from discuss.forumias.com – now closed. Download Links of all Books & NCERTs useful for IAS Preparation including Previous Years Papers below [useyourdrive dir=”1ktG-h4uQVEQXRXBMB7IkHfmkGTeF7inx” … Continue reading “Books for IAS – Community Contributed Notes & Books”

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  • Test Page

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  • UPSC Prelims 2020- Learn with ForumIAS

    Dear Aspirant, This series of articles is specially curated and created by ForumIAS for Prelims 2020. These articles are our effort to ease your preparation by giving important content related to a topic at one place so that you don’t have to spend hours in making comprehensive notes of your own. Why wait? Click on … Continue reading “UPSC Prelims 2020- Learn with ForumIAS”

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  • [Guide] How to Prepare for Indian Forest Service Examination?

    ForumIAS Academy Students have secured Rank 1 in IFoS 2017, 2018 and 2019 – three times in a row! They have also secured Rank 2 – 2 times in a row – Abhishek Surana, IFS Rank 2, 2017 and Arushi Mishra, Rank 2, 2018. Indian Forest Service is among the three All India Services – … Continue reading “[Guide] How to Prepare for Indian Forest Service Examination?”

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  • Rank 46 – IFS Topper Avinash Kumar Strategy to CRACK IFS with Forestry and Geology + Links to Sources

    Avinash Kumar has secured rank 46 in the Indian Forest Service Examination 2015. He cracked IFoS in his very first attempt. Hailing from Patna, Bihar, Avinash chose Geology and Forestry as his optionals. Avinash has completed his integrated M.Tech in Geological Technology from IIT Roorkee. Avinash joined ForumIAS.com  last year ans has been very helpful in … Continue reading “Rank 46 – IFS Topper Avinash Kumar Strategy to CRACK IFS with Forestry and Geology + Links to Sources”

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  • IFS/IFoS – Walking And Medical Test – An Experience

    Walking test is the final stage between you and your success, so take this test also seriously (albeit in a light mood, you would enjoy it also) Some Tips for walking test Practice, practice, practice at least 10-15 km, It would be helpful for better physique also Don’t drink any energy drink Install apps like, … Continue reading “IFS/IFoS – Walking And Medical Test – An Experience”

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  • IFS/IFoS – Strategy – Forestry Optional

    I had no background of Forestry what-so-ever before taking the IFoS attempt of 2015. Got a rank in Top 50 in the first attempt. Therefore, this article is primarily aimed to help those who are completely new to this subject and want to take it as an optional subject in Indian Forest Service’s Examination. Kindly … Continue reading “IFS/IFoS – Strategy – Forestry Optional”

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  • IFS/IFoS – Strategy – Geology Optional

    Due to the common preliminary exam of CSE and IFoS, a lot of people are considering IFoS these days (of course it’s a very good choice and a great service). Unlike CSE which is now dependent more on GS, IFoS examination depends on a greater measure on optional subjects. While choosing one of the optionals … Continue reading “IFS/IFoS – Strategy – Geology Optional”

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  • IFS/IFoS – How to choose optional?

    Choosing optional is quite a tricky part for IFS/IFoS, But I would try to simplify the choices. Some of the criteria that are crucial in determining the choice of optional are- Marks Fetching ability of the subject Availability of books for subject length of syllabus Availability of coaching/ guidance for subject Comfortability with a subject … Continue reading “IFS/IFoS – How to choose optional?”

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  • IFS/IFoS – Strategy for English

    With changing scenario and times, English has become a very important language, both as the first language and as a link language. We have a compulsory passing paper in UPSC Civil Mains Examination also. But in IFoS, English paper is deal-breaker or maker as it is not just qualifying in nature, but its marks are … Continue reading “IFS/IFoS – Strategy for English”

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  • General Knowledge for IFS/IFoS

    In this article, we will explore how candidates are expected to prepare General Knowledge Paper of Indian Forest Service. General Knowledge in IFoS Exam is not General Studies, so you need to have an idea of a lot of topics. A fair amount of Depth in the topic would do the trick. Those preparing for … Continue reading “General Knowledge for IFS/IFoS”

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  • About IFoS, Origin, Career, Ranks & Promotions and Myths about IFS

    This article is a part of the Guide on IFS. You can view the full IFS Preparation Guide here.   So, we have 3 All India Services and we are very well aware of two but the third one is IFS which not that famous in its true abbreviation .F in IFS denotes Forest not … Continue reading “About IFoS, Origin, Career, Ranks & Promotions and Myths about IFS”

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  • IFS/IFoS – Exam Overview

    Before 2013, IFS/IFoS exam didn’t have any preliminary exam, but since 2013, Preliminary exam for Civil Services and IFoS were made common. Since then aspirants aspiring solely for IFS