[Answered] As the world shrinks with technological and communication changes, terrorists, criminals, weapons, and funds are also able to move across national boundaries easily. In light of the statement, highlight the efforts made by India to tackle these challenges.

Introduction: Contextual introduction.
Body: Write some efforts made by India to tackle the challenges of terrorism with the change in technology and communication.

Conclusion: Write a way forward.

Terrorism is the illegitimate use of force to provide injury to common people for political and ideological gains. Terrorists violate law, threaten common people and directly challenge the state. India is increasingly playing a leading role in curbing the terrorism and terror financing.

The following efforts are made by India to tackle the challenges due to terrorism:

  • In 2009, the National Investigation Agency was established to deal with terrorist crimes.
  • To gather information related to security, the National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) has been established.
  • An operational hub has been created for the National Security Guard to ensure a rapid response to terrorist attacks.
  • Strengthening the provisions in the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 to combat terror financing by criminalizing the circulation of high quality counterfeit Indian currency as a terrorist act and enlarge the scope of proceeds of terrorism to include any property intended to be used for terrorism.
  • A Terror Funding and Fake Currency (TFFC) Cell has been constituted in National Investigation Agency (NIA) to conduct focused investigation of terror funding and fake currency cases.
  • Training programmes are regularly conducted for the State Police personnel on issues relating to combating terrorist financing.
  • Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN) network is one of the channels of terror financing in India. FICN Coordination Group (FCORD) has been formed by the Ministry of Home Affairs to share intelligence/information among the security agencies of the states/centre to counter the problem of circulation of fake currency notes.
  • Security at the international borders has been strengthened by using new surveillance technology, deploying additional manpower for round the clock surveillance, establishing observation posts along the international border, erection of border fencing and intensive patrolling.

Strengthening national coordination mechanisms to promote inter-agency participation and information exchange, facilitating joint monitoring, threat assessment are very essential to combat these challenges.

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