|Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the relevance of Directive Principles of State Policy in the era of liberalisation and globalisation. Conclusion. Way forward.|
Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) is enshrined in
Part-IV (Article 36 to 51) of the constitution. It guarantees social and
economic democracy and tries to establish a welfare state. These are the ideals
that the State should keep in mind while formulating policies and enacting
Relevance of DPSP in era of liberalisation and globalisation:
- Sustainable development: DPSP are the principles of a welfare state in India. DPSP are important as it seeks to create a balance between economic progress and competition on one hand and environmental sustainability and social and economic equity on the other.
- Inequalities: With liberalisation and globalisation inequalities have increased as reflected in Oxfam report, which says that India’s richest 1% holds over 40% of national wealth. Transition from socialist pattern of society to liberalization and market economy where inequalities were bound to come, it is the duty of the state to reduce these inequalities through tax structure, subsidies, various welfare schemes etc.
- Accountability: DPSPs are important as it allows the citizens to hold the government accountable in their policy formulations and implementation e.g. equality at work, minimum wages etc.
- Fair market:Globalization is based upon competition and monopolistic tendencies in the market. DPSP are important to provide a laissez faire business environment to industries.
- Human rights:Liberalisation and capitalism has scant regards to the human work environment, wages, gender sensitivity and labour concerns. DPSP are relevant to provide a humane work milieu, equal wages for equal work and increase quality of standard of living of workers. It also provides for participation of workers in management of industries for better harmonisation between workers interest and industrial interest.
- Human capital: Modern industries seeks best talent and most productive labour from the market having required skills and education. DPSP puts an obligation on the part of the government to provide free, compulsory and quality education up to primary level and improve public health.
- Environment: Further it obliges the government to protect and improve the environment and safeguard forest and wildlife in the era of indiscriminate exploitation and deforestation based globalization.
- Women rights:Liberalisation and globalisation has led to women empowerment. DPSP put an onus on the state to work towards women education, equal opportunity, equal wages, uniform civil code etc. that would further enhance women rights. Recent triple talaq act was in this direction.
Thus, DPSP still holds relevance in this globalised world for a better informed, productive, equity based and sustainable developmental model. There is an increasing realisation that these directives act as bedrocks for good governance and socio-economic justice in the society.