|Demand of the question |
Introduction. Contextual Introduction.
Body. Rising majoritarianism in India.
Conclusion. Way forward.
Majoritarian democracy, refers to democracy based upon majority rule of a society’s citizens. Majoritarian democracy have the inherent danger of becoming a “tyranny of the majority” whereby the majority in society oppress or exclude minority groups, which lead to oppression. Democracy rather is a system that include every voice, every sect, where thought of every person is counted. Recent
Rising Majoritarianism in India:
- The main problem of the country is communally-charged and a permanent religious majority. There are often majority-minority tussles involving languages and castes, for example. None of these factors are changing must, which is what made majority rule inadvisable for Indian conditions sometimes.
- The political parties in India get benefited by dividing people on basis of caste and class politics. The Majoritarianism is generally used as a tool by these parties. Parties have used sedition as a mean to curb criticism and voice of the people.
- The failure of law and order agencies to deliver their duty within specific time erodes the faith of community. The attacks on minority community by majority groups in some areas of the country leads to the majoritarianism in that particular area.
- The personality cult and blind faith too drives the mob psychology towards violent activities that may create threat to the democratic fabric of the nation.
- Virtual platforms and social media is another dimension of this issue as it has reduces the physical distance among the communities, making them very easy to come together for the purpose.
- The religious agenda many times takes the form of violent vigilantism. The lack of rationality and awareness about the involved issue leads to the blind following by people.
- With concentration of power in hands of majority, minority is often being harassed and targeted which lead to injustice.
If the country is not open to positive criticism, there lies little difference between the pre and post-Independence eras. Expressions used in thoughts might be harsh and unpleasant to some, but that does not render the actions to be curbed. If the country is not inclusive and open criticism, it turn out as majoritarian democracy rather than a true democracy.