|Demand of the question Introduction. Contextual introduction. Body. Discuss the role of parents and schools in inculcating values among children. Conclusion. Way forward.|
Parents and school play an important role in inculcating values among children. They help in socialisation of children by influencing them with their attitudes and beliefs and it is from them that children primarily get their values.
Role of parents in inculcating values among children:
- Role models: Parents are a child’s first teachers and role models. Children listen, observe and imitate their parents. So it is important that they should be good role models the kids would want to follow.
- Moral development: Child’s experiences from birth especially at home, frame his/her morals, which he eventually develops. Parents, they play a significant role in instilling the morals that they feel are valuable. Moral development shapes the child’s decision making process.
- Family values: Ideas passed down from generation to generation make up a family values. It answers the basic question of how one wants to live the family life. Family values enhance the character and turn the children into good human beings.
- Right conduct: Parents communicate this not just by discussing it with their children but also by walking the talk. They transmit simple habits, like keeping the surroundings clean, being truthful and honest etc.
- Activity based learning: Activities like games and story-telling have a significant impact on children. This way parents can impart the desired values. Take for instance the value of sharing and caring.
- Attitude development: The family, shapes the child’s attitude towards people and society, and helps in mental growth in the child and supports his ambitions and values. Blissful and cheerful atmosphere in the family will develop love, affection, tolerance, and generosity.
Role of schools in inculcating values among children:
- Ethical behaviour: In school, children are members of a small society that exerts a tremendous influence on their moral development. Teachers serve as role models to students in school. They play a major role in inculcating their ethical behaviour.
- Peers: Peers at school diffuse boldness and consideration for others. They play a major role in developing ethical behaviour in children.
- Role model: The teachers are the first role model to the children outside their family. When the children see the model showing concern for others, motivating them for their good deeds and cooperating and helpful with their academic issues, the children learn them by observing and imitating it with fellow peers.
- Helping: The children are taught basic morals and values in school. They are taught by emphasizing the idea through many activities, stories and tales, which will encourage them to engage in more helping behaviours.
- Appreciation: The school is a place to learn appreciating the children for developing prosocial behaviour, especially for any specific action they have done to help others.
- Character building: The school and teacher has a powerful and enduring influence in the formation of the character of every future citizen.
- Skill development: Teacher acts as a pivot for the transmission of intellectual and technical skills and cultural traditions from one generation to the other.
- Mentor and guide: Teacher is a source of information, a guide, a mentor, a surrogate parent, a motivator, all at the same time. Teaching is the only profession which always deals with the future.
- Appropriate behaviour: School is an important place especially to build appropriate ways of behavingtowards friends, peers, the poor, elders and more.
- Value teaching: School help in teaching a child values like empathy,
sympathy, warmth, respect, integrity and honesty and its importance.
The role of a parent and teacher in the changing social scenario is becoming very challenging. In the earlier times the teacher was the only source of information and commanded respect on this count. Today, we have multiple information centers like books, coaching centres, the audio visual aids such as audio cassettes, video tapes, microfilms and internet services that provide information to those who need it. Society is becoming more materialistic and values appear to be pushed into the background. So the parent and teacher role is very crucial in developing values in their child.