[Answered] The Russia-Ukraine war has put the spotlight on the role of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) in the global energy futures. Do you think that LNG is a viable replacement for fossil fuels? Provide justification in support of your answer.

Introduction: Provide a brief introduction on the current energy crisis.

Body: Write down a few points on benefits of LNG and issues with the LNG.

Conclusion: Write a short and brief conclusion.

Russia is world’s third biggest oil and the second biggest natural gas producer. In the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine crude oil prices have skyrocketed, leaving many countries uncertain of their ability to meet demand in the medium to long term. It brought the attention of the economies towards alternatives and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is one of the foremost available alternatives.

Benefits of LNG:

  • Reduces greenhouse gas emissions: It generates 30% less carbon dioxide than fuel oil and 45% less than coal. The combustion of natural gas evaporates much more quickly in the air, compared to fossil fuel, leaving no particles or residue. So, there’s far less spreading of oils after LNG spills. It contributes to far lower carbon emissions also.
  • Consistency and reliable supply: LNG has a higher energy density, which means, in comparison to crude oil, more energy can be stored and transported for the same amount of volume.
  • Cost effective: LNG’s volume has been reduced to 1/600th of its un-liquified state, making it easier to contain and transport. LNG also weighs less than one-half as much as water, so it is lighter also.
  • Cleaner atmosphere and more efficient: Natural gas burns extremely efficiently, producing mainly heat and water vapour, and it’s much more cost-effective.
  • It reduces nitrogen oxide emissions, does not emit soot, dust or fumes, and produces insignificant amounts of sulfur dioxide, mercury, and other particulates compared to other fuels.

Issues with LNG:

  • There are cost challenges between LNG exporters and importers related to LNG supply chains. Such as remote locations, cost increases, LNG storage, scheduling and price convergence determined.
  • Environmental concerns: extracting and transporting it leads to methane leakage, which is the second biggest cause of climate change after carbon emissions.
  • Heavy energy use: The liquefaction process uses tremendous amounts of energy which directly or indirectly emits a lot of greenhouse gases.
  • Educating customers: Educating governments to enable them to make optimal and timely decisions and create a business friendly financial, regulatory and legal environment is a struggle.
  • Global disruptions: Today, the global oil market remains vulnerable to a wide range of risk factors, including natural disasters, major technical accidents, and geopolitical tensions.

The crisis holds lessons for various countries that have ambitious plans for using renewable technologies. Cheap and reliable energy sources should not be abandoned until the alternatives have been stringently stress-tested.  If managed successfully, the implementation of LNG can improve environmental performance.


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