[Answered] What is India’s long-term strategy to transition to a low-emission pathway to become carbon-neutral by 2070?

Introduction: Contextual introduction.
Body: Explain India’s long-term strategy to transition to a low-emission pathway to become carbon-neutral by 2070.Conclusion: Write a way forward.

India submitted its Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy (LT-LEDS) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), during the 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) at Egypt. The LT-LEDS has been prepared in the framework of India’s right to an equitable and fair share of the global carbon budget. The strategy emphasises energy security, energy access, and employment, while keeping focus on our vision of Atmanirbhar Bharat.

Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy:

  • Improve energy efficiency: Promotion of energy efficient/low carbon technologies, digitization of processes, and creation of trading schemes and other market-based enablers to achieve these goals will be pursued where relevant.
  • Process and fuel switching, and electrification in manufacturing: These will be pursued, as relevant, based upon availability and access to technology and the provision of climate finance.
  • Enhance material efficiency and recycling: Sector-specific material efficiency technologies and strategies will be enhanced through value chains, as material-demand trends shift.
  • Promote green hydrogen technology and infrastructure: R&D in technology and infrastructure for green hydrogen will be given a boost, ramping up electrolyser manufacturing capacity.
  • Explore low carbon options in hard-to-abate sectors: Best available technologies in the steel and cement sectors will be pursued.
  • Low-carbon and Sustainable development of MSMEs: Strengthen financial support, knowledge sharing, and awareness of low carbon options and sustainable technologies.
  • Increased use of biofuels, especially ethanol blending in petrol, the drive to increase electric vehicle penetration are expected to drive the low carbon development of the transport sector. India aspires to maximise the use of electric vehicles, ethanol blending to reach 20% by 2025, and a strong modal shift to public transport for passenger and freight.
  • The LT-LEDS is also informed by the vision of LiFE, Lifestyle for the Environment that calls for a world-wide paradigm shift from mindless and destructive consumption to mindful and deliberate utilization.

LT-LEDS is the practical implementation of India’s call for “climate justice.” This is essential to ensure that there are no constraints on realizing India’s vision of rapid growth and economic transformation, while protecting the environment.

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