|Introduction: Contextual introduction.|
Body: Write some reasons and implications of malnutrition in India.
Conclusion: Write some suggestions.
Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition covers two broad groups of conditions. One is ‘undernutrition’-which includes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and the other is overweight, obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and cancer).
Reasons of malnutrition in India:
- Socio-Economic Causes: Poverty and inadequate coverage of governmental programmes hinders inclusion of various sections of the demography.
- Lack of access to food- the non-availability of food in markets, difficult access to the markets due to the lack of transportation and insufficient financial resources leads to food insecurity in the country.
- Lack of safe drinking water- As water is an essential commodity to live in, due to pollution and climate change the availability of safe drinking water is decreasing in the country.
- Poor hygiene practices and poor sanitation make people more vulnerable to water-borne diseases which are the direct causes of acute malnutrition.
- Illiteracy: Mostly women of the rural areas are not educated as the education and schooling of the mother determines breastfeeding practices, micronutrient intake, etc.
- A child’s nutritional status is directly linked to their mother. Poor nutrition among pregnant women affects the nutritional status of the child and has a greater chance to affect future generations.
- Undernourished children are at risk of under-performing in their studies and have limited job prospects. This vicious cycle restrains the development of the country, and affects the nation’s productivity and individuals’ too.
- It affects the demographic dividend of the country and will become a demographic burden on the country.
- Malnutrition results in income and social inequality.
There is a greater need now to increase investment in women and children’s health and nutrition to ensure their sustainable development and improved quality of life. For this, there is a need for increased financial commitment. The country’s response to malnutrition and its growing anaemia burden should be practical and innovative.