[Answered]In a democratic polity the fundamental rights and duties of citizens are correlated. Comment in the Indian context.

Demand of the question

Introduction. Contextual Introduction.

Body. Discuss correlation between fundamental rights and duties.

Conclusion. Way forward.

It is commonly said that the rights and duties of the citizens are correlative. It means that rights have real meaning, if individuals perform duties. A duty is something that someone is expected or required to do. Indian Constitution originally had no provision for Fundamental Duties. Parliament realised the need for inserting the fundamental duties and by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment, a new part (Part IVA) was inserted mentioning the fundamental duties of Indian citizens.

Correlation between fundamental rights and duties:

  1. Respect for others rights: A right comes with an obligation to show respect for the rights of others. The obligations that accompany rights are in the form of duties. If we have the right to enjoy public facilities like transport or health services, it becomes our duty to allow others to avail the same. If we have the right to freedom, it becomes our duty not to misuse this and harm others.
  2. Reminder: Duties serve as a reminder to the citizens that while enjoying their rights, they should also be conscious of duties they owe to their country, their society and to their fellow citizens. For example, it is the dutyof the state to preserve fundamental rights of individuals, and it is the duty of citizens to preserve national values and ethos.
  3. Balance privileges and obligations: Fundamental duty corresponds to fundamental In other words, they complement each other. A dutyrecognises and enforces a perfect balance between obligation towards a society and privileges of an individual.
  4. Social benefit: Fundamental duties serves as a warning against the anti-national and antisocial activities like burning the national flag, destroying public property and so on. As an individual has every right to live with dignity, it is the duty of every citizen to not destroy national property which provides services to the whole
  5. Close relationship: Rights and duties have a close relationship and both are inseparable. Both are existing side by side. If a legal system gives the right to life to its citizen, it also imposes an obligation on him to not to expose his life in trouble, as well as to respect the life and convenience of others. Thus, a strong legal system consists of fundamental rights and duties like its two non-separable parts.
  6. Establish a democratic balance: The moral value contained in fundamental duties aim to establish a democratic balance by making the people conscious of their duties equally as they are conscious of their rights.

The fundamental duties are regarded as directory. There is no doubt that these duties are a constant reminder to us of the national goals as well as the basic norms of political order. They inspire us to inculcate in ourselves a sense of social responsibility. They are much of an educational and psychological value for the citizens.

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