It was inserted into the Constitution by 22nd Constitution Amendment Act in 1969. It allows for the creation of an ‘autonomous state’ within Assam in certain tribal areas. It also has a provision for a Legislature and a Council of Ministers.
How is it different from the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution?
The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution — Articles 244(2) and 275(1) — has a special provision that allows for greater political autonomy and decentralised governance. It is applicable to certain tribal areas of the Northeast through autonomous councils that are administered by elected representatives. In Assam, the hill districts of Dima Hasao, Karbi Anglong and West Karbi and the Bodo Territorial Region are under this provision.
Article 244(A) accounts for more autonomous powers to tribal areas.