- It states that national and regional DNA data banks will be set up for maintaining a national database for identification of victims, accused, suspects, under-trials, missing persons and unidentified human remains.
- It specifies reasons for collecting DNA in a schedule. The offences under this schedule cover:
b) Special Laws life MTP
c) Civil disputes
d) Identification of deceasedBenefits of the bill:
- It creates a way for effective judicial mechanism and implementation of rights of citizens.
- Annually, more than 4000 FIRs are filed under Sec 302 of IPC (murder) but failing to identify the identity of the victim.
- Ireland, UK, US already have such legislations for effective criminal justice system.
- The bill has passed years of scrutiny from 2003 to DNA Profiling Committee in 2012 and finally introduced in the parliament.
- Reports often point out that almost 70% of the persons in jails are undertrials. This database creates a data point for identifying people in crime scenes.
- The economically deprived among the poor in the Hindus and other religions will also benefit.
- Often, caste-based and economic exploitations are different and not linked.
- Farm distress, derailed urban economy lead to huge unemployment in the traditionally upper castes which are dependent on farming.
- Due to reservation the representation of various groups in government jobs has increased significantly in last few years.
- The economically weaker sections of citizens have largely remained excluded from higher education and public employment due to their financial capacity.Therefore, there is a need to amend the constitution to give them a fair chance of getting higher education and public employment,so as to fulfill the mandate of Article 46 of the Constitution.
- This could lead to monopolising private interest over the public.
- This creates a positive environment for agri R&D.
- The court has recognised that products of biotechnological processes such as man-made DNA constructs are patentable in India.
- Toxicity is a huge issue surrounding chemical pesticides and herbicides, used commonly with GMOs, in addition to the toxicity inherent to these plants.
- GMOs may be toxic to non-target organisms, bees and butterflies being the most talked-about examples currently. Bees are hugely important in the pollination of many food crops, but are unfortunately extremely endangered by modern agricultural techniques, such as GM crops.
- ests that are targeted by these agricultural methods can adapt to pesticides and herbicides, in addition to the DNA changes in GM plants to make them ¨resistant.¨
- Evidence also suggests that small genetic changes in plants may produce even larger ecological shifts, meaning that there is potential for GMO´s to become persistent and weedy in agricultural conditions, since they are modified to be resistant to some modern agricultural techniques.
- Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level (preparation of district level and, if required, sub district level water use plans).
- Enhance the physical access of water on the farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet ko pani).
- Integration of water source, distribution and its efficient use, to make best use of water through appropriate technologies and practices.
- Improve on - farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage and increase availability both in duration and extent.
- Enhance the adoption of precision - irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop).
- Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices.
- Ensure the integrated development of rainfed areas using the watershed approach towards soil and water conservation, regeneration of groundwater, arresting runoff, providing livelihood options and other NRM activities.
- Promote extension activities relating to water harvesting, water management and crop alignment for farmers and grass root level field functionaries.
- Explore the feasibility of reusing treated municipal wastewater for peri - urban agriculture.
- Attract greater private investments in irrigation.