- It has a critical role in strengthening rural economy as it brings about synergy between the consumer, industry and agriculture.
- A well-developed food processing industry is expected to increase farm gate prices, reduce wastages, ensure value addition, promote crop diversification, generate employment opportunities as well as export earnings.
- This sector gives employment to a lot of women.
- This offers income opportunities to farmers in the dryland areas that traditionally grow only pulses and millets.
- Integration of developments in contemporary technologies such as electronics, material science, computer, biotechnology etc. helps in progress.
- Opening of global markets helps in exports both of traditional foods and processed foods, thus boosting farm incomes and employment opportunities.
- Proper value addition of agriculture produce could eventually lower the demand for a hike in minimum support price.
- Increased the size of legislative councils, both Central and provincial.
- Allowed the provincial legislative councils to have non-official majority.
- Enlarged the deliberative functions of the legislative councils at both the levels. Members were allowed to ask supplementary questions, move resolutions on the budget, and so on.
- Provided for the association of Indians with the executive Councils of the Viceroy and Governors.
- Introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of ‘separate electorate’.
- Agrarian distress and natural calamities.
- Social stratification and victimhood.
- Conflict, drought, famine, or extreme religious activity.
- Better-paying jobs in urban areas.
- Better health and education facilities.
- Quality of life.
- Migration of males has led to feminisation of agriculture in rural areas.
- Migrants also take their skills and knowledge back with them to the rural areas.
- Improved quality of living in rural areas due to remittances.
- The rising contribution of cities to India’s GDP would not be possible without migration and migrant workers.
- Pressure on the resources and governance in urban areas, poor quality of living in the slums.
- Often it leads to conflict because locals feel deprived of their jobs.
- Taking the example of empowerment of women, despite high economic empowerment, women continue to face social discrimination.
a) Many women even in powerful positions are facing problem of glass ceiling and sexual harassment. Recent instances of MeToo point to this problem.
b) Women working in other jobs face sexual harassment and discriminatory wages.2. The other example is of SC, ST and minority communities.
a) Despite reservations that economically empowered the communities, they continue to face social discrimination.
b) Also, many socially discriminating practises continue to exist within the community despite their economic progress. Eg., Triple TalaqTherefore, social empowerment is essential to complete economic empowerment of a community or an individual.