1.India and China have put up a united front in the recent BRICS summit. What is the significance of the recent BRICS meet for India and China relations? What are the key lessons learnt for India from the Doklam standoff? Discuss. (GS 2) Both India and China have proposed a revival of the Panchsheel principles of peaceful cooperation in the recent BRICS summit. Significance of the meet for India and China relations:
- India and China have both signaled that they are trying to put the bitterness of the past few months behind them, especially after the Doklam standoff.
- China’s nod to the inclusion of the Lashkar-e-Taiba and the Jaish-e-Mohammed among the terrorist groups threatening regional stability, and its choosing not to speak of the contentious Belt and Road Initiative at the summit suggested it was heeding India’s concerns.
- The tenor of the meetings between the two leaders was particularly remarkable given that the long Doklam military stand-off was resolved recently.
- The first learning is that India must make the effort to engage in a creative dialogue about how a changing Asia’s tensions will be managed, aware that the price of a single misstep can be a war.
- Peace and stability along the China-India border concerns regional peace and stability and accords with the common interests of people on both sides of the border.
- Both countries needs to draw lessons from the standoff, abide by established treaties and the basic principles of international law, and India should work together with China to safeguard peace and stability along the border and promote the healthy development of the two militaries.
- India should not overestimate its own military strength, and the support of other powers, in a conflict with China.
- Another lesson is about the impact on Bhutan. While Bhutan has been a strong Indian ally and has stood by New Delhi during the standoff, the last months have emboldened those voices in Bhutan which seek a “balanced foreign policy”, that is, opening of ties with China.
- The final lesson that can be drawn from the crisis is about international support for India against China. Most countries, including the United States have asked India and China to resolve the situation peacefully. While most countries were happy that India was standing up to China, their own relations with China made it very difficult for them to state their support openly.