GS 2 SC questions second chance for those left out of NRC The Supreme Court on Tuesday asked the Union government whether it is giving the over 40 lakh people, excluded from the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam, a “second chance” to gain citizenship by allowing them to produce fresh documents to prove their Indian legacy. SC finds audit of child shelters ‘frightening’ In an affidavit filed before a Bench led by Justice Madan B. Lokur, the NCPCR, represented by advocate Anindita Pujari, submitted that out of a total of 2,874 children’s homes surveyed, only 54 institutions could be given positive reviews. The final frontier of populism? How crucial constitutional questions are being fought in the highest courts in the world’s largest democracies Pieces of the Asian dream India should maximise its soft power in South, East and Southeast Asia even as it resets ties with China Easing tensions The bilateral deal between the U.S. and Mexico offers hope of winding down global trade wars Stagnation post-summit The denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula remains elusive Rohingya ask UN to deliver justice Rohingya leaders in Bangladesh on Tuesday challenged the UN to ensure that Myanmar’s generals stand trial after investigators called for top military commanders to be prosecuted for genocide against the minority. China’s ‘Type 002’ begins sea trials The new ship will be powered by a nuclear engine. It is estimated that by 2020, the Chinese Navy will have 351 warships — a significant advance from the present level, but no match to the heavy arsenal of the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command spread across a string of military bases in the Indo-Pacific. GS 3 India’s most polluted: 30% have no cleanup plan A good number of India’s most polluted cities are not too keen to clean up their act, according to a list maintained by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). Of the 102 cities singled out by the Centre for their alarming pollution levels, only 73 have submitted a plan of remedial action to the CPCB. From unemployment to weaver shortage The migration of powerloom weavers from Sircilla to Bhiwandi, Surat and other parts of the country in search of employment has stopped. On the other hand, they have returned to their native Sircilla as their hands are full ever since the government chose them for weaving Bathukamma sarees. Villagers resent loss of high-value cattle Fluctuating coffee prices, lower demand for cow dung as manure and increasing foreign cattle varieties may be part of the changing local economy, fuelling man-carnivore conflict around the Bandipur Tiger Reserve. Govt. scraps scientific panels, forms council The government has scrapped two Scientific Advisory Committees (SAC) for the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, and replaced them with a nine member, Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC).