GS 2 A national register of exclusion There are few parallels anywhere else of the state itself producing statelessness in the manner that it is doing in Assam An appeasement Budget The Interim Budget makes clear the class hierarchy in the Modi government’s scheme of populism Visa crackdown The arrest of 129 Indians on the charge of wilfully violating immigration laws to stay and work in the United States sends a stark message to youth looking for better prospects abroad: their efforts should begin with due diligence and strictly follow the letter of the law. America has lost the Afghan war Once U.S. troops leave, the Taliban is sure to challenge Kabul one way or the other Wrong on the Rohingya In Januarys, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) called for a report from India on the deportation of a group of Rohingya refugees to Myanmar in October 2018. India’s repatriation of the refugees contravenes international principles on refugee law as well as domestic constitutional rights. GS 3 Emission levels rising faster in Indian cities than in China On an average, an Indian emitted about 20 kg per capita while commuting for work, with the highest (140 kg CO2) in Gurugram district (Haryana) and the lowest (1.8 kg CO2) in Shrawasti district (Uttar Pradesh), says a study that analysed the link between population density and emissions from transport, across India's districts. The danger of cash transfers It might incentivise the state to shirk its constitutional responsibility of providing basic entitlements to all PM-KISAN: Aadhaar must for second instalment States have been told to prepare a database of beneficiaries — small and marginal landholder farmer families in all villages — including whether they belong to SC/ST, bank account, mobile and Aadhaar details. China-Japan frontline sees a ‘cold peace’ From their forward base in Ishigaki, a part of the Okinawa chain of 150 islands, large ships of the Japanese coast guard, all gleaming white, keep a tight round- the-clock vigil on a group of islands, 170 km away. Centre may relax angel tax norms for start-ups, sets up panel Agrees to raise exemption threshold to ₹25 crore; networth, I-T returns ceiling to be lowered for investors; start-up’s definition to be amended ‘Obesity-linked cancers on rise in young adults’ he risk of developing obesity-related cancer is increasing in successive generations, along with increasing rates of obesity, according to a new study.