GS: 2 Cauvery authority directs Karnataka to release water The Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA), at its first meeting here on Monday, directed Karnataka to release water to Tamil Nadu and other States but did not discuss Karnataka’s decision to challenge the constitution of the CWMA in the Supreme Court. 2021 census data to be stored electronically According to an amended rule notified by the Registrar-General of India (RGI) on June 19, “The schedules and other connected papers shall be disposed of totally or in part by the Director of Census Operations, after creating an electronic record of such documents.” SC rejects plea to shut Kudankulam power plant The Supreme Court on Monday granted the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) an extension of time till April 30, 2022, to build an Away From Reactor (AFR) facility to store spent nuclear fuel from the Kudankulam power plant. NRC breather: court pushes deadline by a month The Supreme Court on Monday extended its June 30 deadline for publication of the final draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) for Assam by a month. The charter is being prepared to identify illegal migrants in Assam. SC seeks steps for appointing Lokpal The Supreme Court on Monday asked the government to file an affidavit in the next 10 days, detailing the steps it would take for the appointment of Lokpal, the anti-graft ombudsman. Intellectual Property rules amended The Union Ministry of Finance has amended Intellectual Property rules to revoke the power vested with Customs authorities to seize imported products based on complaints of patent infringement. Court seeks response on FCRA amendments The Supreme Court on Monday sought a response from the government on amendments made in the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) which benefit the ruling BJP and the Opposition Congress, both held guilty by the Delhi High Court in 2014 for receiving foreign funds from two subsidiaries of Vedanta, a U.K.-based company. The strongman’s dilemma Coming after the constitutional referendum undertaken last April, Turkey will now have an executive presidency. Reforming higher education The draft Higher Education Commission of India (HECT) Bill is now in the public domain. The HECI will replace the main regulatory authority, the University Grants Commission (UGC), to “provide for more autonomy and facilitate holistic growth” of this sector and offer “greater opportunities to Indian students at more affordable cost”. How to list cases better For decades, the primary measure of court efficiency has been case disposal rates. Public perception of court performance and individual judges now hinges on the number of cases pending before them. GS: 3 Triggered by bad air Particulate matter that exists as fine dust in the air can lead to an increased risk of diabetes, particularly in low-income countries such as India. Linked by light Since the late 19th century, when Max Planck modelled radiation emitted by a black body, the idea that light has a particle nature has come a long way. Albert Einstein won a Nobel prize in 1921 for his paper on the photoelectric effect, in which he developed the idea of light as quanta, or photons. One year after There have been serious implementation issues, but also the administrative will and flexibility to address most of these, with the Centre and States working together in the GST Council. China aims to outstrip NASA with super-powerful rocket China is working on a super-powerful rocket that would be capable of delivering heavier payloads into low orbit than NASA, a leading Chinese space expert was quoted as saying on Monday. Mains Test Series