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GS 2 Chief Justice Gogoi rings in change in Supreme Court Chief Justice Gogoi announced that only “extremely urgent” matters would be allowed to be orally mentioned for out-of-turn hearing. The scope of constitutional morality Abolition of untouchability in all its forms, including scavenging, remains an unrealised constitutional right No sweeping change The Swachh Bharat Mission needs a broader vision of what constitutes cleanliness The creamy layer of social justice The core issue here was whether the ‘creamy layer’ among SC/STs should be barred from obtaining promotions through reservations. The court set aside the requirement to collect quantifiable data that was stipulated by its 2006 verdict in M. Nagaraj v. Union of India as it ignored the reasoning of a nine-judge bench in Indra Sawhney (1992) that any discussion on creamy layer “has no relevance” in the context of SC/STs. Presuming the disabled to be ‘incompetent’ The government’s revised guidelines for conducting exams for persons with disabilities are unfair and regressive A dissenting view The Sabarimala verdict could open the door to litigation on other places of worship as well Forgo S-400 system, U.S. tells India The proposed deal from Russia could attract American sanctions, warns White House In blow to Trump, UN court tells U.S. to ease Iran sanctions The ruling by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) is legally binding, but it remains to be seen if the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump will comply. GS 3 Lagoon villas for Lakshadweep NITI Aayog plans ‘eco-cottages’ and a film city to boost tourism in the island territories Gujarat acts to save its pride While efforts continue to protect Gir lions which are perishing at an alarming rate, experts try to trace the DNA of Indian tigers In harmony with Mother Nature We need a clean environment for human empowerment, writes Prime Minister Narendra Modi More liquidity for lending The easing of SLR norms can release ₹2.5 lakh crore SC upholds validity of GST Act The Supreme Court has upheld the Constitutional validity of the law allowing cess to be collected for compensating States for revenue shortfall under the Goods and Services Tax (GST). ‘A default by IL&FS would have been catastrophic’ Consolidated group loss of ₹2,670 cr. in 2017-18 and a leveraging of 13 times equity PT Facts Trio gets Chemistry Nobel The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 with one half to Frances H. Arnold and the other half jointly to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter. Japan drops new robot on asteroid A Japanese probe launched a new observation robot towards an asteroid on Wednesday as it pursues a mission to shed light on the origins of the solar system. ‘Jewel of Roman Empire’ faces danger UNESCO declared Sabratha to be at risk in 2016, mainly due to damage caused by armed groups