GS 2 PM launches Ayushman Bharat Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday rolled out the Centre’s flagship scheme — Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Abhiyaan, also known as Ayushman Bharat or the National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM). The primary anchor of a health-care road map The “best health care at the lowest possible cost” should be: inclusive; make health-care providers accountable for cost and quality; achieve a reduction in disease burden, and eliminate catastrophic health expenditures for the consumer. Governor’s discretion The discretionary powers of the Governor are once again at the centre of a fresh controversy to decide on the remission of seven convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case. A walk through the Koreas Exploring the past and present of the North and South ‘Publishing poll candidate’s propaganda is paid news’ Repeated publication of propaganda lauding the achievements of a candidate in an election is nothing but “paid news”, the Election Commission of India has told the Supreme Court. India looks to buy Israeli missiles Defence Acquisition Council to take up deal through the government-to-government route WhatsApp appoints grievance officer Users can seek help through the mobile app, send an email to WhatsApp’s senior director, global customer operations and localisation. GS 3 What caused the floods in Kerala? A combination of four factors led to extreme flooding across Kerala this year, a study says. Above normal seasonal (May-August) rainfall, extreme rainfall events occurring almost across the State during the season, over 90% reservoir storage even before the onset of extreme rainfall events, and finally, the unprecedented extreme rainfall in the catchment areas of major reservoirs in the State led to the disaster. Citizen science initiative helps save hornbills The Hornbill Watch initiative ( is an interactive web interface that allows a person to report on hornbills anywhere in India. Saving Cauvery’s cradle Mega projects pose a clear threat to the long-term water security of the three States that depend on the Cauvery (Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu), and exacerbate the threat posed by seasonal droughts and floods. Merger to test large banks’ absorptive capacity Success in Bank of Baroda’s amalgamation with smaller Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank could set the stage for further consolidation Lending a helping hand to coconut farmers Project Kalpavriksha covers almost 6,000 ryots in T.N., Kerala