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What is the News?
The Government has released the results of the first round of the Quarterly Employment Survey for the period April to June 2021.
Note: QES is part of the All-India Quarterly Establishment Based Employment Survey (AQEES).
What is the All-India Quarterly Establishment Based Employment Survey (AQEES)?
Released by: Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment
Purpose: To provide frequent (quarterly) updates about the employment and related variables of establishments, in both organised and unorganised segments, of nine selected sectors. These sectors altogether account for a majority of the total employment in the non-farm establishments.
Nine Selected Sectors: Manufacturing, Construction, Trade, Transport, Education, Health, Accommodation and Restaurant, IT/ BPO and Financial Services.
Components: There are two components under AQEES,
Quarterly Employment Survey(QES): It compiles relevant data from about 12,000 establishments selected through a sampling design to represent each of the nine sectors within each state/ Union Territory, as also each size-class (range of the number of workers) within each sector-State/ UT.
Area Frame Establishment Survey (AFES): It covers the unorganised segment (with less than 10 workers) through a sample survey.
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What are the key highlights of QES 2021?
It shows a 29% increase in employment in nine sectors during the peak Covid-19 months of April-June 2021 over a base of 2013-14 (Sixth Economic Census – EC).
The most impressive growth of 152% has been recorded in the IT/BPO sector.
Nearly 90% of the establishments have been estimated to work with less than 100 workers.
There has been a decline in the share of female workers. From 31% in the 6th EC (2013) to 29% in QES (2021) data.
Out of the 9 sectors, 7 sectors saw growth in employment while only 2 sectors (Trade, and Accomodation & Restaurants) saw a decline in employment figures.
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Source: This post is based on the article ‘As per 1st round of All-India Quarterly Establishment Based Employment Survey (AQEES), employment increased by 29% in nine selected sectors of economy compared to 6th Economic Census (2013-14)’ published in PIB on 20th Dec 2021.