The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
(GBRMPA) has released Outlook Report 2019 that examine the Great Barrier Reef’s
health, pressures, and likely future.
The long-term outlook of the reef has been downgraded
to “very poor” for the first time.
According to the report, the greatest threat to
the Reef is climate change. The other main threats are associated with coastal
development, land-based run-off, and direct human use (such as illegal
The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest
and longest coral reef system. The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the
coast of Queensland, Australia. It stretches for 2,300km from the tip of Cape
York in the north to Bundaberg in the south in Australia. It is home to 400
types of coral, 1500 species of fish and 4000 types of molluscs. It also holds
great scientific interest as the habitat of species such as the dugong and the
large green turtle, which are threatened with extinction.
It is a World Heritage Area since 1981 (the
world’s first reef ecosystem to be recognised by UNESCO)
The Australian government in 2018, announced its
largest-ever investment in the coral reef: over half a billion Australian
dollars ($378 million). The
money is to be used to counter water pollution, combat
coral-eating starfish, increase public awareness, boost reef monitoring, and improve the environmental impact of surrounding businesses