The Debate on Euthanasia – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction A Bengaluru-based woman had recently filed a petition before the Delhi High Court. The woman had appealed the Court to stop her friend from travelling to Switzerland to undergo euthanasia. The man is suffering from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome since 2014. According to the petition ‘the man is completely bed bound… Continue reading The Debate on Euthanasia – Explained, pointwise

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[Kurukshetra August Summary] Livelihood Promotion for Women under DAY-NRLM – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction – About National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) is one of the self-employment programmes of the Government of India. It seeks to organize about 10 crore households into Self Help Groups (SHGs) and link them to sustainable livelihood opportunities. It focuses on… Continue reading [Kurukshetra August Summary] Livelihood Promotion for Women under DAY-NRLM – Explained, pointwise

Need for a New Aircraft Carrier for the Indian Navy – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India’s first Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC), the 45,000-tonne INS Vikrant, is set to be commissioned on September 2, 2022. The Aircraft Carrier has been built by the Cochin Shipyard Ltd. India had earlier owned and operated two Aircraft Carriers bought from the UK. At present, India has already operational Aircraft… Continue reading Need for a New Aircraft Carrier for the Indian Navy – Explained, pointwise

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Patent Regime in India: Provisions, Challenges and Solutions – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India, the 5th largest economy in the world, has more than 1.2 million businesses and one of the largest workforce. With such a magnitude, it has the potential to create and share a huge amount of patented products with the world. However, India has failed to unleash its potential in the… Continue reading Patent Regime in India: Provisions, Challenges and Solutions – Explained, pointwise

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Global Value Chains: Building Resilient GVC linkages in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction A report  titled ‘Building Resilient Global Value Chain Linkages in India: Findings from an Enterprise Survey‘ has been published by the Observer Research Foundation. It examines how India can better integrate into the Global Value Chains (GVCs) in the post-COVID world. The report draws on a survey of executives from… Continue reading Global Value Chains: Building Resilient GVC linkages in India – Explained, pointwise

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Middle Income Trap – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction In his Independence Day speech on August 15, 2022, the Prime Minister of India has rolled out the 25-year goal to make India a developed nation by 100th year of Independence. Many economic experts have commented on the meaning of a developed nation and the challenges India will face in… Continue reading Middle Income Trap – Explained, pointwise

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Unfair Marketing Practices in Pharma Industry – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction At the peak of the Coronavirus pandemic, Dolo-650 mg tablets became synonymous with management and treatment of COVID-19 in India. The manufacturer of the drug, Micro Labs, saw its profits soar. In early 2022, the company came under income tax scanner for evasion of tax. Later on, Federation of Medical &… Continue reading Unfair Marketing Practices in Pharma Industry – Explained, pointwise

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[Kurukshetra August Summary] Agribusiness and Rural Industries – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India has 15 agro-climatic zones and varied types of soil conditions that are capable of growing a variety of crops. India is one of the top producers of milk, spices, pulses, tea, cashew, jute, rice, wheat, oilseeds, fruits and vegetables, sugarcane and cotton. With this vast agricultural backbone and increasing… Continue reading [Kurukshetra August Summary] Agribusiness and Rural Industries – Explained, pointwise

Care Economy: Meaning, Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The importance of care work is now widely acknowledged and reflected in various international commitments such as the SDGs and the International Labour Organization (ILO)’s Centenary Declaration. The Care Economy became the target of policy discussions after the ILO released a study titled ‘Care Work and Care Jobs for the… Continue reading Care Economy: Meaning, Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

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India as a Developed Nation – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction In his Independence Day speech on August 15, 2022, the Prime Minister of India said, “We must work towards turning India into a developed nation by 2047.” The PM spoke about India’s achievements and challenges while rolling out the 25-year goal to make India a developed nation by 100th year… Continue reading India as a Developed Nation – Explained, pointwise

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Digital Lending and its Regulation – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The lending business, in recent years, has been disrupted by digital technologies. The transformation of lending landscape has been driven by the need for superior customer experience, faster turn-around time, and adoption of modern technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML). However, the digital lending ecosystem has given… Continue reading Digital Lending and its Regulation – Explained, pointwise

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Aspirational Districts Programme: Features, Issues and Outcomes – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP) was launched by the Prime Minister in January 2018. The programme seeks to improve socio-economic outcomes. With this initiative, the Government has tried to change the development narrative by referring to these districts as ‘aspirational’ instead of ‘backward’. It calls for reimagining governance, vesting greater… Continue reading Aspirational Districts Programme: Features, Issues and Outcomes – Explained, pointwise

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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) and India’s Stance – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Parliament has passed the Weapon of Mass Destruction and their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Amendment Bill 2022. The Bill amends the Weapons of Mass Destruction and their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Act, 2005.  The 2005 Act prohibits unlawful activities (such as manufacturing, transport, or transfer)… Continue reading Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) and India’s Stance – Explained, pointwise

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RTI Act: Benefits and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction According to Thomas Jefferson “Information is the currency of democracy” and critical to the emergence and development of a vibrant civil society. Democracy requires an informed citizenry and transparency of information which are vital to its functioning and also to contain corruption and to hold the government accountable. Considering this,… Continue reading RTI Act: Benefits and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

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G20 and its Significance – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction In the late 1990s, as the existing geo-economic multilateral order was found ineffective in dealing with the Mexican, Asian and Russian financial crises, countries moved towards forming G20. A group of developed and emerging economies, including OECD and BRICS, were chosen as a ‘perfect mix’ of the old world and… Continue reading G20 and its Significance – Explained, pointwise

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[Kurukshetra August Summary] Unlocking Rural Industrial System – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Rural India can be seen as a resource for drawing immense human capital with 68.8% of India’s population and 72.4% of the workforce. These areas offer immense opportunities to develop rural industries that can be used to support India’s future growth. In rural areas, businesses operate primarily in agriculture, forest,… Continue reading [Kurukshetra August Summary] Unlocking Rural Industrial System – Explained, pointwise

Carbon Markets: Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Union Government has introduced the Energy Conservation (Amendment) Bill, 2022 in the Parliament. The purpose of the Bill is to strengthen the Energy Conservation Act, 2001. The Amendments are expected to facilitate the achievement of more ambitious climate change targets and ensure a faster transition to a low-carbon economy.… Continue reading Carbon Markets: Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

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The Issue of Jobless Growth in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India’s GDP has grown at the annual rate of 7-8% in the last decade. However, this growth hasn’t translated into creation of more employment opportunities for the labour force. No other major economy has been expanding as fast as India lately. But beyond the headlines lies the grim reality of… Continue reading The Issue of Jobless Growth in India – Explained, pointwise

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Data Protection Framework in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Union Government has withdrawn the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 from the Parliament. The Government has said that it is considering a ‘comprehensive legal framework’ to regulate the online space. This includes bringing separate laws on data privacy, the overall Internet ecosystem, cybersecurity, telecom regulations, and harnessing non-personal data… Continue reading Data Protection Framework in India – Explained, pointwise

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India’s New Climate Targets (INDCs) – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Union Government has revised India’s INDCs (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) under the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement is a global treaty wherein some 200 countries have agreed to cooperate to reduce GHG emissions and rein in the climate change. The Agreement seeks to ‘limit global warming to well below… Continue reading India’s New Climate Targets (INDCs) – Explained, pointwise

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China-Taiwan Crisis and its Implications for India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The tensions between the US and China are at their worse in the recent times over the visit of Speaker of the US House of Representatives to Taiwan and the consequent China-Taiwan Crisis. China had been warning the US about grave consequences before the visit. Since the Speaker went ahead… Continue reading China-Taiwan Crisis and its Implications for India – Explained, pointwise

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Aviation Sector in India: Status, Opportunities and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Aviation is integral to equitable economic growth and for the economy to be globally competitive. The civil aviation sector in India has the potential to become one of the largest in the world. India has become the third largest domestic aviation market in the world and is expected to overtake… Continue reading Aviation Sector in India: Status, Opportunities and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

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Issues faced by Jute Industry in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Jute Industry in West Bengal is in a state of disarray. The area under jute cultivation has been falling and so is the price of jute. Several mills are on the verge of closure, putting the livelihood of thousands of people dependent on them in jeopardy. In contrast, the… Continue reading Issues faced by Jute Industry in India – Explained, pointwise

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The Supreme Court’s Judgment on PMLA – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Supreme Court, in the Vijay Madanlal Choudhary and Ors versus Union of India case, has upheld the provisions of the PMLA (Prevention of Money Laundering Act) and retained the powers of the Enforcement Directorate (ED). A number of petitions had been filed in the Supreme Court challenging the amendments… Continue reading The Supreme Court’s Judgment on PMLA – Explained, pointwise

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The Draft Drugs, Medical Devices and Cosmetics Bill, 2022: Provisions and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has released a draft of the proposed Drugs, Medical Devices and Cosmetics Bill, 2022 . The Bill seeks to replace the existing Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940, and several sets of rules which are currently followed by the industry. It focuses on regulating… Continue reading The Draft Drugs, Medical Devices and Cosmetics Bill, 2022: Provisions and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

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[Kurukshetra July Summary] Jal Shakti Abhiyan and Traditional Knowledge in Water Conservation – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Creating water secure communities is at the heart of Government of India’s efforts in the water sector. India is home to 18% of the world’s population but has just 4% of the freshwater resources of the world. This availability is also variable and dependent on the rains. Climate change, which… Continue reading [Kurukshetra July Summary] Jal Shakti Abhiyan and Traditional Knowledge in Water Conservation – Explained, pointwise

Quantum Computing: Uses, Challenges and India’s Initiatives – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The 21st century will be an era of cutting edge technology that will enable humans to achieve the hitherto impossible tasks. Amongst these game changing technologies, a critical role would be played by quantum computing and technology. Quantum computing is an emerging field of physics and engineering, which relies on… Continue reading Quantum Computing: Uses, Challenges and India’s Initiatives – Explained, pointwise

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Issues with the SEZs and Proposed Changes under the DESH Bill – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Union Government is likely to introduce the Development of Enterprise and Service Hubs (DESH) Bill in the ongoing Parliament session. Through the Bill, the Government proposes to rebrand India’s 268 Special Economic Zones (SEZs) as ‘development hubs’ under the DESH bill. The Bill aims to make the SEZ Act… Continue reading Issues with the SEZs and Proposed Changes under the DESH Bill – Explained, pointwise

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The Need for a New Foreign Trade Policy – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Various aspects of globalization are being rethought all over the world, and this includes rethinking trade policy. India is also going through this process. The Ministry of Commerce is working on a new trade policy to be unveiled in September 2022. The Government may roll out a new foreign trade… Continue reading The Need for a New Foreign Trade Policy – Explained, pointwise

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Whistleblower Protection in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Two Whistleblowers, associated with ‘Panama Papers’ and ‘Uber Files’ revelations, have recently done interviews with media outlets. Whistleblowing incorporates two words: ‘Whistle’ and ‘Blowing’ which means blowing a whistle or revealing some information in front of the public. The information can be about public or private organizations/institutions about activities which… Continue reading Whistleblower Protection in India – Explained, pointwise

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CAQM Policy to Combat Air Pollution in Delhi NCR – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) has announced a new policy to fight air pollution in Delhi-NCR (National Capital Region) over the next 5 years. It includes a revised Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP), among other short-term, medium-term and long-term measures. The release of policy was desired considering the… Continue reading CAQM Policy to Combat Air Pollution in Delhi NCR – Explained, pointwise

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[Yojana July Summary] Policies on Scheduled Tribes – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction At the time of Independence, the framers of the Constitution noted that certain tribal communities in India were suffering from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness. The backwardness was on account of the primitive agricultural practices, lack of infrastructure facilities and geographical isolation. In order to uplift such communities, robust… Continue reading [Yojana July Summary] Policies on Scheduled Tribes – Explained, pointwise

Fall in Rupee Value: Reasons, Concerns and Solutions – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction There has been a consistent deterioration of Indian Rupee’s (INR) exchange rate with respect to the US Dollar ($) over the last few month. It breached the psychologically significant exchange rate level of INR 80 to a US$ in early trade on 19th July, 2022, although it recovered to close… Continue reading Fall in Rupee Value: Reasons, Concerns and Solutions – Explained, pointwise

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India-Africa Relationship – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India-Africa Relationship has a long and rich history. India’s freedom movement became an inspiration for African nationalists in their desire for independence from colonialism. India shares close and friendly relationship with many African countries that are built on mutual trust and confidence. Leveraging this, countries have managed to collaborate on… Continue reading India-Africa Relationship – Explained, pointwise

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State Finances: Trends and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction A prudent fiscal position is necessary for overall development of a State and its people. However many recent studies have pointed out the deteriorating fiscal position of many States in India. This situation is a result of multiple factors like the impact of COVID-19 on State finances, high revenue expenditure… Continue reading State Finances: Trends and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

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Progress on the Sustainable Development Goals – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by the United Nations in 2015. There are specific targets for each goal, along with indicators that are used to measure progress toward each target. The UN monitors the progress of the SDGs and publishes the findings in… Continue reading Progress on the Sustainable Development Goals – Explained, pointwise

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Forest Conservation Rules, 2022: Provisions and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has notified the Forest Conservation Rules, 2022 under the Forest Conservation Act. The Union Government has updated the rules in order to improve the efficiency of forest diversion and streamline the process. However many experts have criticized the new rules. They… Continue reading Forest Conservation Rules, 2022: Provisions and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

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Privatization of Banks: Benefits and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction A report by National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) has recommended that the Union Government should privatize all Public Sector Banks (PSBs), except the State Bank of India (SBI). The Report further states that the Government ownership hinders the ability of the RBI to regulate the sector. The recommendation of… Continue reading Privatization of Banks: Benefits and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

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[Kurukshetra July Summary] Equitable Water Resources Management – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India houses 18% of the world’s population but only has 4% share in water resources of the earth. Though it has about 1999 Billion Cubic Meters (BCM) (or km3) of annual water availability, its distribution is grossly unequal across the river basins and thus leads to water-stress in many regions… Continue reading [Kurukshetra July Summary] Equitable Water Resources Management – Explained, pointwise

The UN World Population Prospects Report and Population Issues in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The UN World Population Prospects Report 2022 is the 27th edition of the official United Nations population estimates and projections. The Report has presented population estimates from 1950 to the present for 237 countries or areas, underpinned by analyses of historical demographic trends. This latest assessment considers the results of… Continue reading The UN World Population Prospects Report and Population Issues in India – Explained, pointwise

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UPI and Digital Payments in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Unified Payments Interface (UPI) is a convenient way of transferring funds from one bank account to another. It has gained huge popularity since its launch in 2016. The popularity is testified by its adoption from tiny roadside shops to large consumer brands. In May 2022, the UPI processed payments… Continue reading UPI and Digital Payments in India – Explained, pointwise

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IPBES Report: Findings, Concerns and Suggestions – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Convention on Biological Diversity defines ‘sustainable use’ as the use of components of biological diversity in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of biological diversity. This would help in maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and… Continue reading IPBES Report: Findings, Concerns and Suggestions – Explained, pointwise

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Union Government’s 1 Million Job Promise: Need and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India has been witnessing rising levels of inflation and unemployment since the onset of COVID-19 pandemic. The situation has been worsened by the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict. Many economists are saying that poor Indians are facing economic distress due combined impact of unemployment and inflation. To ease the situation, the Union Government… Continue reading Union Government’s 1 Million Job Promise: Need and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

Regulation of Advertisements in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) under the Department of Consumer Affairs has issued ‘Guidelines for Prevention of Misleading Advertisements and Endorsements for Misleading Advertisements, 2022’. The Guidelines are a progressive step towards regulation of advertisements in India. They aim to curb misleading advertisements and protect the consumers. The guidelines… Continue reading Regulation of Advertisements in India – Explained, pointwise

Frequent Floods in Assam – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Flood is an overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal limits, especially over what is normally dry land. Recently, over 5.5 million people have been affected in 32 districts of Assam (out of 35) due to the devastating floods as per the Assam Disaster Management Authority. Occurrence… Continue reading Frequent Floods in Assam – Explained, pointwise

India’s Engagement with Taliban – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction After a strategic retreat from Kabul following the Taliban takeover in August 2021, India has re-established its diplomatic presence in Afghanistan. India has deployed a team in its embassy in Kabul, 10 months after it pulled out its officials from the mission following the Taliban’s capture of power. The current… Continue reading India’s Engagement with Taliban – Explained, pointwise

Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR): Causes, Concerns and Remedies – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction COVID-19 exposed the vulnerabilities of health systems across the globe. It has taken away lives of more than 3 million people since January 2020. Experts believe that Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) poses even a greater threat in the coming years. It is a looming public health crisis impacting every country globally… Continue reading Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR): Causes, Concerns and Remedies – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana June Summary] Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Industry 4.0 is set to usher an era of technologies that will completely alter the way of human interactions with the surroundings. Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, loT, 5G, Augmented Reality, Big Data, Nanotechnology, Robotics, and 3D printing are transforming the operational, functional, and strategic landscape across various industries. In India,… Continue reading [Yojana June Summary] Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning – Explained, pointwise

Issues in the Working of Anti-Defection Law – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction There has been a political turmoil in the State of Maharashtra over the last few days. The incumbent Chief Minister of Maharashtra had resigned on June 29, and the new Chief Minister was sworn-in on June 30. The new Government has to pass the floor test very soon. These political… Continue reading Issues in the Working of Anti-Defection Law – Explained, pointwise