Five Years of GST: Achievements, Challenges and Way Ahead – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Goods and Services Tax (GST) has completed its 5th year today since its inception on 1 July 2017. The move towards ‘one nation one tax’ was one of the most historic indirect tax reforms in  India . After concerted efforts of consensus building for over a decade, GST replaced… Continue reading Five Years of GST: Achievements, Challenges and Way Ahead – Explained, pointwise

Pre-Legislative Consultation Framework in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Pre-legislative Consultation is a process where a Bill is properly scrutinized by all stakeholders prior to its enactment, to assess its Constitutionality and rights-compliance. The purpose is to enhance accountability of the Government leading to better policy formulation. The 17th Lok Sabha has passed about 150 Bills in less than… Continue reading Pre-Legislative Consultation Framework in India – Explained, pointwise

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Rare Earth Elements: Strategic Importance and Reducing Import Dependence – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India’s growth trajectory is witnessing an inflection point. As the economy moves ahead on path of recovery, the foundations of a new economy are emerging. India has been witnessing a massive solar energy push, an Electric Vehicle (EV) ecosystem, and a speciality chemicals sector that is becoming a global hub.… Continue reading Rare Earth Elements: Strategic Importance and Reducing Import Dependence – Explained, pointwise

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Issues in the IBC Resolution Process and Possible Solutions – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India’s Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), 2016, was designed to focus on addressing stress in chronically sick companies through either resolution or liquidation. The code’s need was felt by mounting non-performing assets (NPAs) in the banking sector that the prevalent system could not adequately fix. The IBC law and practice… Continue reading Issues in the IBC Resolution Process and Possible Solutions – Explained, pointwise

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Geoengineering Technologies: Applications and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Climate Change is no longer a myth and the adverse impacts of the phenomena are increasingly becoming evident. Anthropogenic interventions have significantly enhanced the magnitude and extent of climate change. With record-breaking heat waves hitting many parts of the world over the last few months, scientific circles have been hotly… Continue reading Geoengineering Technologies: Applications and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

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Space Economy in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Space exploration commenced with the launch of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, in 1957. The cold war era was characterized by the intense race between the erstwhile USSR and the US, to dominate the space. This space race was led by the Government owned agencies of the US and… Continue reading Space Economy in India – Explained, pointwise

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[Kurukshetra June Summary] Rural Tourism: India an Incredible Tourism Destination – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India showcases rich heritage and natural abundance of many incredible places that are worthy enough to represent the nation globally. The Tourism sector has been instrumental in providing mass employment opportunities and substantially increasing income levels of both the formal and informal sectors of the economy. Realizing this, the government… Continue reading [Kurukshetra June Summary] Rural Tourism: India an Incredible Tourism Destination – Explained, pointwise

Ban on Single-Use Plastic – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Plastic waste management is becoming a challenging task for countries across the globe and India is no exception to it. The use of plastic is on rise while its disposal and safe management hasn’t been commensurate with increased usage. This has resulted in creation of landfills on land and garbage… Continue reading Ban on Single-Use Plastic – Explained, pointwise

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12th Ministerial Conference of the WTO – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The 12th Ministerial Conference (MC) of the WTO concluded recently. The members of the World Trade Organization agreed to a series of deals the Conference. This includes temporary waivers on COVID-19 vaccines, a moratorium on e-commerce trade, food security and setting limits on harmful fishing subsidies. India played a significant… Continue reading 12th Ministerial Conference of the WTO – Explained, pointwise

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Access to Assistive Technology: Challenges and Solutions – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The WHO and UNICEF recently released the Global Report on Assistive Technology. The Report has been developed in response to the World Health Assembly resolution (WHA71.8) on improving access to assistive technology. The resolution was adopted in May 2018. The Report assumes significance as globally 90% of those who need assistive… Continue reading Access to Assistive Technology: Challenges and Solutions – Explained, pointwise

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Nuclear Disarmament and India’s Stance – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has released its yearbook. The Report has highlighted some worrying trends in international security in the past year. The expected rise of the global nuclear arsenal was the chief cause of concern among SIPRI experts. The comprehensive report claims that while absolute numbers… Continue reading Nuclear Disarmament and India’s Stance – Explained, pointwise

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Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The recently released Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) shows a dismal picture of India with respect to the degree of air pollution. It has ranked India as the world’s second most polluted country. The AQLI Analysis noted that the air pollution shortens average life expectancy in India by 5 years… Continue reading Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) – Explained, pointwise

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Agnipath Scheme: Need, Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Government has unveiled a new Agnipath scheme for recruiting soldiers across the three services. This new defense recruitment reform has been cleared by the Cabinet Committee on Security and will come into effect immediately. The soldiers recruited under the scheme will be called Agniveers. The changes in the recruitment… Continue reading Agnipath Scheme: Need, Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

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[Yojana June Summary] Deep-Tech Start-up Ecosystem – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India has a vibrant start-up ecosystem with supporting infrastructure (incubators, development grants, angel venture investors, mentors) and a conducive policy environment. The Economic Survey of India 2021-22 says that there are 61,400 registered startups in India, making it the 3-largest start-up ecosystem in the world behind China and the US.… Continue reading [Yojana June Summary] Deep-Tech Start-up Ecosystem – Explained, pointwise

The Controversy Regarding Environment Performance Index – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The newly released Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2022 is in news due to India’s dismal rank. The Index has ranked India at the bottom position among 180 countries. The poor rank is indicative of a serious degree of environmental degradation along with a vacuum of credible steps to preserve the… Continue reading The Controversy Regarding Environment Performance Index – Explained, pointwise

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Water Crisis in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India has 17% of the world’s population, but possesses only 4% of the world’s freshwater resources. Further, the country is facing a water crisis due to climate change, rising water pollution levels, and other critical factors responsible for depleting water resources. This created numerous problems for the Indian masses, which… Continue reading Water Crisis in India – Explained, pointwise

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Ban on Wheat Exports – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Government of India recently banned the export of wheat and imposed quantitative restrictions on the export of sugar. The ban on wheat export came within days of a push to enhance India’s wheat supplies to the rest of the world after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The decision has come… Continue reading Ban on Wheat Exports – Explained, pointwise

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Ukraine War and the Global Food Crisis – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the subsequent sanctions on its economy have sent global food prices soaring. This has threatened to push millions of people, especially those in low-income countries, into starvation. Ukraine and its allies in the West have accused Russia of weaponizing food, saying that its blockade of… Continue reading Ukraine War and the Global Food Crisis – Explained, pointwise

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Open Network For Digital Commerce (ONDC) – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The fast-expanding digital economy has been one of the major supporting pillars of India’s growth in recent times. India has the world’s highest fintech adoption rate of 87%, as compared with the global average of 64%. 3 of the largest public digital platforms in the world are from India: Aadhaar… Continue reading Open Network For Digital Commerce (ONDC) – Explained, pointwise

Judicial Accountability in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The High Court of Odisha has published a one-of-a-kind annual report of its performance in 2021. By the standards of the Indian judiciary, this is a rare exhibition of transparency. The report outlines the performance of the High Court and the lower judiciary in the State. The Chapter ‘Introspection and… Continue reading Judicial Accountability in India – Explained, pointwise

Universal Basic Income: Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Economic Advisory Council (EAC) to the Prime Minister released a report on inequality prepared by the Institute for Competitiveness. The broad focus of the report was on the nature of inequality and poverty in the country. Two suggestions given by the report have become a matter of discussion among… Continue reading Universal Basic Income: Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana May Summary] Empowering Divyangjan – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Prime Minister coined the term “Divyangjan” to address persons with disabilities. The rationale was to change the social attitude towards them and recognise their potential. The renaming has also helped put the issues related to divyangjan at the forefront of Government initiatives. India, being a signatory to the United… Continue reading [Yojana May Summary] Empowering Divyangjan – Explained, pointwise

Right to Compensation (Against Wrongful Prosecution, Incarcerations, and Convictions) – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction It was noted by the English jurist William Blackstone that ‘It is better that ten guilty persons escape than that one innocent suffer‘. The principle has become a maxim in the modern jurisprudence. It highlights the importance of the protection of innocent people from wrongful legal actions. One of the… Continue reading Right to Compensation (Against Wrongful Prosecution, Incarcerations, and Convictions) – Explained, pointwise

India’s GDP Growth for FY2021-22 – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has released the provisional estimates regarding India’s GDP growth for the FY2021-22. According to the estimates, India’s economy grew by 8.7% compared to the previous fiscal. In contrast, the economy had contracted by 6.6% in FY2020-21 when the pandemic had caused massive disruptions… Continue reading India’s GDP Growth for FY2021-22 – Explained, pointwise

The Global Semiconductor Shortage – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Semiconductor Industry is facing an acute crisis with a global semiconductor shortage. Multiple industries are dependent on semiconductor chips for their inputs. Hence, the shortage is expected to have a major impact on global manufacturing industry and consequently the economy. The shortage has persisted for almost a year now… Continue reading The Global Semiconductor Shortage – Explained, pointwise

The Indus Water Treaty – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The 118th meeting of the India-Pakistan Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) took place recently. The Commission has been created under the Indus Water Treaty (IWT). The treaty is an agreement that was signed by former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the then President of Pakistan, Ayub Khan in 1960. It marked… Continue reading The Indus Water Treaty – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra May Summary] Railway Connectivity – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Indian Railways has witnessed a paradigm shift in its focus towards new technologies, customer service enhancement, improving railway connectivity, efficient passenger operations and better freight services. It is currently on the path of transformation to make the sector future-ready. Railways provide various services for goods and passenger transportation that are… Continue reading [Kurukshetra May Summary] Railway Connectivity – Explained, pointwise

Rice Fortification: Benefits, Concerns and Guidelines – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Union Government has released a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for the smooth implementation of its rice fortification distribution scheme. The SOP was released days after a fact-finding team reported that the fortified rice being distributed in Jharkhand was having an adverse impact on the local tribal population. The Union… Continue reading Rice Fortification: Benefits, Concerns and Guidelines – Explained, pointwise

The Supreme Court’s Judgment on Pardoning Powers of the Governor – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Suprme Court recently ordered the release of A G Perarivalan, one of the seven convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case. The Supreme Court exercised its special powers under the Article 142 of the Constitution to order the release. The order came 24 years after Perarivalan was sentenced to… Continue reading The Supreme Court’s Judgment on Pardoning Powers of the Governor – Explained, pointwise

The Supreme Court’s Judgment on GST – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Supreme Court in the adjudication of the Union of India vs Mohit Minerals Pvt Ltd. case, has ruled that the recommendations of the GST Council are not binding on either the Union or the State Governments. While the Union Government has said that the SC’s Judgment on GST does… Continue reading The Supreme Court’s Judgment on GST – Explained, pointwise

IPEF: Indo-Pacific Economic Framework – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction On May 23 2022, before the Quad leaders’ summit in Tokyo, the United States launched the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF). IPEF is being said to be the US’ answer to the other trade pacts in the Indo-Pacific region: the Trans Pacific Partnership (TTP) and its successor agreement, the Comprehensive and… Continue reading IPEF: Indo-Pacific Economic Framework – Explained, pointwise

State of Inequality in India Report – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The ‘State of Inequality in India’ report has been released by the Institute for Competitiveness. The report demonstrates the wide gap between the top and bottom earners which is getting wider. The report further states that income deprivation can increase the probability of descent into poverty. However, a multidimensional understanding… Continue reading State of Inequality in India Report – Explained, pointwise

The State of Global Climate Report – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO’s) State of Global Climate Report, 4 key climate change indicators – greenhouse gas concentrations, sea level rise, ocean heat and ocean acidification – have set new records in 2021. This is yet another clear sign that human activities are causing planetary scale changes… Continue reading The State of Global Climate Report – Explained, pointwise

Amendments to the National Policy on Biofuels – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Ethanol, or ethyl alcohol, is a hydrocarbon that when burnt can generate heat and power engines. Since two decades, India has been moving towards putting in place an ecosystem to have more ethanol blended into petrol for use in vehicles, particularly 2- and 4-wheelers. Government records suggest about 75% of… Continue reading Amendments to the National Policy on Biofuels – Explained, pointwise

Improving Total Factor Productivity: Challenges and Way Forward – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India’s Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth has seen a moderate decline compared to the global experience, though it remains above that of emerging markets and developing economies. The back-to-back setbacks of the pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine war led to supply chain disruptions which has increased costs of production. It is… Continue reading Improving Total Factor Productivity: Challenges and Way Forward – Explained, pointwise

Preparing for the Next Pandemic – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Several experts and leaders like Bill Gates have announced that the threat of COVID-19 has receded. However, others, including the Center for Forecasting and Outbreak Analytics in the US, have warned that the world will see another pandemic—only that the pathogen will be different. In such a scenario every country… Continue reading Preparing for the Next Pandemic – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana May Summary] Sustainable Economic Growth – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Climate change has emerged as the major challenge on the developmental aspect. It negatively impacts every process of growth. As part of the efforts to achieve environmentally sustainable economic growth, the Governments must be committed to reducing the effects of climate change. Countries of South Asia are particularly vulnerable to changes… Continue reading [Yojana May Summary] Sustainable Economic Growth – Explained, pointwise

The Debate on Uniform Civil Code – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is the proposal to replace the personal laws with a common law for property, marriage, divorce, inheritance and succession for all religions. Article 44 of the Constitution of India mentions that the State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the… Continue reading The Debate on Uniform Civil Code – Explained, pointwise

Battery Swapping Policy: Provisions, Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction NITI Aayog has released draft battery swapping policy, keeping all the inputs provided by relevant stakeholders in consideration. This comes after the Finance minister had announced in the Union Budget 2022-23 that the government will be introducing a battery swapping policy. The policy has been formulated with the aim to… Continue reading Battery Swapping Policy: Provisions, Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

High Inflation: Impact and the Policy Response – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India’s retail inflation rose to 7.8% in April, according to the latest data released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation i.e., the general price level Indian consumers faced was almost 8% higher than it was in April 2021. This is the highest rate in the last eight years. It… Continue reading High Inflation: Impact and the Policy Response – Explained, pointwise

The Issue of Marital Rape – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction A 2-judge Bench of the Delhi High Court has delivered a split verdict in a batch of petitions challenging the exception provided to marital rape under Section 375 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). One of the Judges held that the exception as unconstitutional, while the other Judge held that… Continue reading The Issue of Marital Rape – Explained, pointwise

RBI Report on Currency and Finance – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Reserve Bank of India has recently released the Report on Currency and Finance (RCF) 2021-22. The theme of the Report is “Revive and Reconstruct” in the context of nurturing a durable recovery post-COVID and raising trend growth in the medium-term. The Report provides a frank assessment of the state… Continue reading RBI Report on Currency and Finance – Explained, pointwise

Fall in Wheat Production and Procurement: Reasons and Impacts – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The procurement of wheat by the government agencies is set to dip to a 15-year low in the current marketing season. Wheat procurement in this year is expected to be 18.5 million tonnes (MT). This will be the lowest since the 11.1 MT bought in 2007-08. This would be the… Continue reading Fall in Wheat Production and Procurement: Reasons and Impacts – Explained, pointwise

The Issue of COVID-19 Deaths in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The World Health Organization has released a report that says that there were 4.7 million COVID-19 deaths in India during 2020-21. This is almost 10 times the official death count as maintained by the Government of India. The WHO estimate places India topmost among countries in terms of excess deaths… Continue reading The Issue of COVID-19 Deaths in India – Explained, pointwise

Delimitation in J&K – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Delimitation is the exercise of redrawing boundaries of Lok Sabha or State Assembly Constituencies to represent changes in population over time. The exercise is undertaken by a Delimitation Commission appointed for this purpose. In this context, a Delimitation Commission set up for the delimitation of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies in… Continue reading Delimitation in J&K – Explained, pointwise

The Debate Regarding Abortion – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction An abortion is a medical procedure that ends a pregnancy. It is a basic healthcare need for millions of women, girls and others who can become pregnant. Recently, there were reports in the US newspapers that the US Supreme Court will overturn its landmark Roe vs Wade Judgment (1973). This… Continue reading The Debate Regarding Abortion – Explained, pointwise

India France Relationship – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India France Relationship has continued to move forward on a steady and clear course. India’s External Affairs Minister recently remarked that, “India’s ties with France are based on a great sense of trust and it is a relationship that has been free from sudden shifts and surprises seen in other… Continue reading India France Relationship – Explained, pointwise

Death Penalty in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The recent news on Balwant Singh Case has once again brought the issue of death penalty to the limelight. The Supreme Court has extended the deadline (of April 30) by two months for the Centre to make a decision on Balwant Singh Rajoana’s mercy petition. His mercy petition has been… Continue reading Death Penalty in India – Explained, pointwise

Doubling Farmers’ Income: Initiatives, Status, Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction In 2016, the Government had set the target of doubling farmers’ income by 2022-23. To achieve this goal, the government had set up a committee to recommend changes to all parts of the agricultural production and supply chain. The Committee listed its recommendations in a 14-volume report. At the time,… Continue reading Doubling Farmers’ Income: Initiatives, Status, Challenges – Explained, pointwise

Pendency of Cases of Constitutional Importance – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Throughout history, the Judgments of the Constitution Benches have shaped the idea of India in immeasurable ways. They have decided on issues that range from the law on personal liberties (Maneka Gandhi v Union of India) to how territorial boundaries of India’s states should be demarcated (In re: Berubari Union).… Continue reading Pendency of Cases of Constitutional Importance – Explained, pointwise