Similarities between Disinvestment and fiscal deficit

Synopsis: Selling of Public assets (Disinvestment) has similar macroeconomic results to fiscal deficit. Both increase wealth inequalities in the society and hence should be avoided. Background The government has set a target of 1.75 lakh crore rupees from the disinvestment of PSUs in the current financial year. The only rationale shown by the government behind… Continue reading Similarities between Disinvestment and fiscal deficit

Water conservation is must for preventing another pandemic

Synopsis: NITI Aayog has expressed concerns over the poor water quality in India. This gives a conducive environment for the spread of another pandemic through the water. Thus, it requires an effective mechanism for water conservation. Background: NITI Aayog, Water Aid, and others have found that over 70% of India’s surface and groundwater is contaminated… Continue reading Water conservation is must for preventing another pandemic

Declining Autonomy of Indian Institute of Management (IIM)

Source: Indian Express Syllabus: GS 2 – Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education  Synopsis:  The recent attempts of intervention in the functioning of IIMs raise concerns with respect to the degree of autonomy enjoyed by them. The powers of government and board of governors to intervene in the institute’s… Continue reading Declining Autonomy of Indian Institute of Management (IIM)

Bad Bank for strengthening the banking sector

Synopsis: Indian banks have started to recover post the pandemic phase. Moreover, the banks will strengthen after the creation of a bad bank as promised in the budget. Background: During the pandemic, NPA(Non-Performing Assets) was expected to rise. Thus, Indian banks have written off their balance sheets. A write-off is an accounting term through which… Continue reading Bad Bank for strengthening the banking sector

Shortcomings of the ‘In House inquiry Procedure’

Synopsis: The shortcomings of the ‘in house inquiry procedure’ of the Supreme Court has again come to the limelight. This time over the appointment of the future CJI itself. The upcoming CJI is facing serious allegations of misconduct, but there is no clarity of ‘In House inquiry Procedure’ in the concerned matter. Background: The upcoming… Continue reading Shortcomings of the ‘In House inquiry Procedure’

Flaws in design of lateral entry policy

Synopsis: The government has approved the policy of lateral entry in civil services. However, it has some flaws over entry requirements, job assignments, number of personnel, and training. This calls for reforming the policy for lateral entrants. Background: The government has often complained about the problems associated with the permanent structure of bureaucracy. Recently, the… Continue reading Flaws in design of lateral entry policy

Expectations from U.S-China Alaska meet

Synopsis: The world leaders are looking at the U.S-China Alaska meet as a starting point to restore normalcy between the two countries. Moreover, their relationship reached has its lowest level since the Nixon era. It is primarily due to rising assertiveness and mistrust between the countries.  Background: Recently, the US held meetings with South Korea… Continue reading Expectations from U.S-China Alaska meet

Use of Non Violence in Myanmar Protests

Synopsis: The February 2021 coup in Myanmar  Protests removed the democratically elected government. Since then people have adopted the non-violent approach of Gandhi for pressuring the military junta. Background: The democratically elected leaders in Myanmar’s protects were removed by the military on 1st February 2021 on allegations of election fraud. Subsequently, the military came to… Continue reading Use of Non Violence in Myanmar Protests

Relevance of India-Philippines Brahmos Deal

Synopsis: India’s Brahmos deal with the Philippines is very important. India’s aspiration to become Atma Nirbhar in defense exports and emerge as a key regional security provider in Indo-Pacific will depend on it. Background In March 2021, India and the Philippines signed the “Implementing Arrangement” for the procurement of defense material and equipment procurement. The… Continue reading Relevance of India-Philippines Brahmos Deal

Issue of Consent in POCSO Act

Synopsis: The Madras High Court quashed a case of aggravated sexual assault of a minor under the POCSO (Protection of Children from Sexual Offences) Act. The High Court also mentioned the need to amend the POCSO act. The case and ruling  Madras HC was hearing a case of aggravated penetrative sexual assault under the POCSO… Continue reading Issue of Consent in POCSO Act

Highlights of the Quad Summit

Synopsis: The maiden (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue)  Quad Summit witnessed declaration of a joint statement by four leaders along with a common article in the Washington post. It is a step which is expected to yield positive outcomes in the Asian Geopolitics and the Indo Pacific region. Background: The Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 triggered cooperation… Continue reading Highlights of the Quad Summit

Flaws in New IT rules 2021

Synopsis: The new Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) New IT Rules 2021 suffers from numerous flaws. Due to this, experts have questioned their efficacy and legality.  Background: The online streaming industry has grown multifold in recent years and has made a unique space of itself vis-a-vis cinema and television. However, the… Continue reading Flaws in New IT rules 2021

Increasing Cases of Gestational Diabetes in India

Synopsis: India registers a high number of gestational diabetes cases, which are bound to increase in the future. This coupled with low awareness and poor testing potential calls for immediate action. Background: Diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be… Continue reading Increasing Cases of Gestational Diabetes in India

Concerns associated with Local Reservation Laws

Synopsis: Enactment of local reservation laws by states would have a negative impact on low-income internal migrants. Laws will also fail to go through the constitutionality test. Background: There have been numerous instances of subnational nativism in the past: Mulki rules in Nizam-ruled Hyderabad in the late 19th century Anti-South Indian movements in Bombay in… Continue reading Concerns associated with Local Reservation Laws

Solving the issue of Retrospective Taxation

Synopsis: The two cases of retrospective taxation related to Vodafone and Cairn energy can be solved. It is possible if the government and companies collectively decide to do mutual bargains. Filing more and more cases in international tribunals might not deliver optimum results.  Background: Both the companies individually filed a case in the Permanent Court… Continue reading Solving the issue of Retrospective Taxation

Strengthening decentralisation for improving human capital

Synopsis: The poor performance of India in human capital indicators can be improved. If the 3 tier decentralized structure of governance gets strengthened.  Background: India has secured a poor 116 rank in the World Bank’s human capital index. Further, the data of the National Family Health Survey – 5 for 2019-20 highlights the poor performance… Continue reading Strengthening decentralisation for improving human capital

Allowing constructive criticism of Government Policies

Synopsis: India should respect the universal nature of human rights. It should allow constructive criticism of its policies by the Global community. Thus, India should welcome, praise as well as criticism from other nations.  Background: The use of military-grade barriers and internet shutdown against Farmer’s protest attracted criticism from global celebrities. However, the government has advised… Continue reading Allowing constructive criticism of Government Policies

Rise of excise duty on Petrol and Fiscal stance of government

Synopsis: The rise in excise duty on petrol is in contradiction with the fiscal stance adopted by the government in the Economic Survey 2020-21. The new fiscal stance requires the government to borrow more instead of increasing taxes. Background: The COVID-19 has brutally impacted the economy due to which the fiscal deficit has risen to… Continue reading Rise of excise duty on Petrol and Fiscal stance of government

Science and Technology in India’s foreign policies

Synopsis: Covid-19 Pandemic provided India with an opportunity to mainstream science and technology (S&T) in its foreign Policies. It became possible due to the past achievements by the country in the domain of S&T. Background: The roots of India’s scientific programs can be traced to the 1959 speech delivered at the Indian Science Congress by… Continue reading Science and Technology in India’s foreign policies

Why India-China Border disputes are unresolved?

Synopsis: India and China signed several bilateral agreements for border disputes resolution. However, it has not been to ensure permanent peace at the border. Background The year 2020 witnessed increased India – China border tensions in the Ladakh region, especially the Galwan valley. The incident involved an armed conflict in which soldiers from both sides… Continue reading Why India-China Border disputes are unresolved?

Centre’s decision over Finance Commission’s recommendations

Synopsis: The 15th Finance Commission has submitted its recommendations for 2021-26 to the centre. Amongst which maximum have been accepted by the centre while others are put on a hold by it.  Background: The commission headed by N.K Singh was required to give recommendations for the period 2020-21 to 2024-25.  Although due to COVID 19,… Continue reading Centre’s decision over Finance Commission’s recommendations

‘Weakness of Indian state’ in elimination of poverty

Synopsis: The pandemic has exposed the weakness of the Indian state in fulfilling the needs of the poor. This calls for a change in the current approach to eradicate the miseries faced by the poor. Background: Two books have tried to explain the shortcomings of the Indian state in meeting the aspirations of the poor. … Continue reading ‘Weakness of Indian state’ in elimination of poverty