[Kurukshetra November Summary] S&T: Towards Women Empowerment

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction On the occasion of the Independence Day on 15th August, 2022, honorable Prime Minister of India emphasised that women power is significant for the growth of India and noted the contribution of ‘Nari Shakti‘ in the fields of law, education, science, law enforcement among other. Globally, governments and organisations are… Continue reading [Kurukshetra November Summary] S&T: Towards Women Empowerment

Improving Agriculture Yield in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India is poised to become the most populous nation in the world. The UN Report on World Population Prospects estimates that India’s population is expected to reach 1.5 billion by 2030. The global population is estimated to reach 8.5 billion by 2030 and 9.7 billion by 2050. This will put… Continue reading Improving Agriculture Yield in India – Explained, pointwise

Draft Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022: Benefits and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Government has released the draft of the proposed Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022 (DPDP Bill) for public comments. The Bill is expected to be introduced in the Parliament in the Budget Session 2023. The Bill has undergone multiple iterations. The first draft, the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018… Continue reading Draft Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022: Benefits and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

COP27: Outcomes and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The 2022 United Nations Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC) Conference of Parties (COP), commonly referred to as COP27, concluded recently in Sharm el-Sheikh (Egypt). The COP is the apex decision-making body of the United Nations Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC). The COP has been held annually since the first UN… Continue reading COP27: Outcomes and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

Countering Terror Financing – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Third Ministerial of ‘No Money for Terror’ (NMFT) on Counter-Terror Financing was held in New Delhi recently. Delegates from ~75 countries and international bodies attended the event. The event was focused on ways to combat global terror financing networks. Prior to this, India had also hosted a special meeting… Continue reading Countering Terror Financing – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana November Summary] Blue Economy – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The rapid population rise has put an immense pressure on the natural resources. Population growth has outpaced the regenerative capacity of the natural systems, more so for the land based ecosystems. Oceans are Earth’s most valuable natural resources. Oceans provide energy, food, and livelihood opportunities among others. Oceans are also used… Continue reading [Yojana November Summary] Blue Economy – Explained, pointwise

Permanent Commission for Women in the Armed Forces – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Supreme Court has directed the Union Government and the Indian Air Force to consider granting Permanent Commission (PC) to 32 retired women Short Service Commission (SSC) officers. The 3-Judge Bench of the Supreme Court said that the women IAF officers, if found eligible by the IAF for grant of Permanent… Continue reading Permanent Commission for Women in the Armed Forces – Explained, pointwise

Progress on the SDGs: Gender Snapshot 2022 – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Progress on SDGs: Gender Snapshot 2022 has been released by the UN Women and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA). The Report presents the latest evidence on gender equality across all the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Highlighting the poor progress, the Report has called… Continue reading Progress on the SDGs: Gender Snapshot 2022 – Explained, pointwise

India’s Strategy for Net Zero – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India had announced the target to achieve Net Zero by 2070 at the COP26 (in 2021) at Glasgow. At the COP27 in Egypt, the Government has released it Long-Term Low-Carbon Development Strategy (LT-LEDS). All 195 signatory countries to the UN Climate Agreement are supposed to submit their long-term strategy document… Continue reading India’s Strategy for Net Zero – Explained, pointwise

Climate Finance: Meaning, Need and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction At the opening of the COP27 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), former Vice President of the US and Environmentalist, Mr. Al Gore remarked that, “We are not doing enough“. He was referring to the renewed focus on exploitation of fossil fuels and the lack of… Continue reading Climate Finance: Meaning, Need and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

India’s Agriculture Exports: Status and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India’s agriculture exports have grown by 16.5% in April-September 2022 (on a year-on-year basis) compared to April-September in 2021. With the current trend the agriculture exports appear set to surpass the record US$ 50.2 billion achieved in FY2021-22 (April-March). Agriculture exports have witnessed impressive growth in recent times. A focused… Continue reading India’s Agriculture Exports: Status and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

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Trade Settlement in Rupee – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction In July 2022, the RBI had issued a circular allowing international trade settlement in Rupees. The move had come amidst continuous fall in the value of Indian Rupee against the US Dollar. It is expected that the decision to allow Indian traders to settle imports and exports in rupees will… Continue reading Trade Settlement in Rupee – Explained, pointwise

[Kurukshetra November Summary] Technology and Innovation in Healthcare – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic presented an unprecedented challenge to the healthcare system all over the world. It made evident the inadequacy of the the healthcare infrastructure. Due to the overburdened system, social distancing norms and the fear of infection, may life-saving surgeries and transplants were postponed. This has driven healthcare providers… Continue reading [Kurukshetra November Summary] Technology and Innovation in Healthcare – Explained, pointwise

Supreme Court’s Judgment on EWS Reservation – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction A 5-Judge Bench of the Supreme Court has upheld the validity of the 103rd Constitutional Amendment Act (Janhit Abhiyan v. Union Of India). The Act has introduced 10% reservation for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in education and public employment. The Act was challenged before the Supreme Court as violative… Continue reading Supreme Court’s Judgment on EWS Reservation – Explained, pointwise

[Yojana November Summary] Paradigm of Coastal Security – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction More than 600 million people, (~10% of the world’s population), live in coastal areas that are 10 meters above the sea level. Nearly 2.4 billion people (~40 % of the world’s population) live within 100 km of the coast. In India, three out of four metro cities are located on… Continue reading [Yojana November Summary] Paradigm of Coastal Security – Explained, pointwise

The Issue of Child Marriage in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Members of the Steering Committee of the Global Programme to End Child Marriage recently visited India. They praised India’s efforts and success in bringing down child marriages. The Global Programme to End Child Marriage is a joint initiative of United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United Nations International… Continue reading The Issue of Child Marriage in India – Explained, pointwise

Women’s Representation in Legislature – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction A PIL has been filed in the Supreme Court seeking reintroduction of the lapsed Women’s Reservation Bill for 33% quota in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies. The Supreme Court has sought the response of the Union Government to the PIL in 6 weeks. Enhancing women’s representation in… Continue reading Women’s Representation in Legislature – Explained, pointwise

Green Bonds: Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Union Ministry of Finance has announced that it would issue Sovereign Green Bonds worth INR 16,000 crore as part of its October-March (H2FY23) borrowing programme. With this issue, India will join a club of 25 nations which have issued bonds to exclusively fund climate sustainability and green infrastructure projects… Continue reading Green Bonds: Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

Moonlighting: Meaning, Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The issue of Moonlighting has witnessed an intense debate in the recent times. Wipro became the first major IT firm to sack over 300 employees for ‘moonlighting’ and took a very tough stance against staff who worked a second job outside their normal work hours. On the other hand, some… Continue reading Moonlighting: Meaning, Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021: Provisions and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur (AIIMS) has been included as a Centre of Excellence (CoE) for Rare Diseases under the National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021. This is expected to enhance the research and access to treatment for rare diseases. Recently, the Director of Centre for DNA-Fingerprinting… Continue reading National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021: Provisions and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

Satellite Internet: Working, Advantages and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction In October 2022, ISRO successfully deployed 36 low earth orbit (LEO) satellites for Bharti Group’s OneWeb. With this deployment, OneWeb has come closer to the commercial launch of its Satellite Internet services. The company has deployed 70% of planned satellite fleet (462 out of planned 648). In September 2022, Reliance… Continue reading Satellite Internet: Working, Advantages and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

Crowd Disasters and NDMA Guidelines – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction A series of crowd disaster incidents have led to deaths of more than 400 people recently. On October 01, 2022, a human crush occurred in a football stadium in East Java, Indonesia that killed 135 people. On October 29, 2022, a crowd crush occurred during Halloween festivities in Seoul, South Korea that… Continue reading Crowd Disasters and NDMA Guidelines – Explained, pointwise

Need for a National Security Doctrine for India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The US (Biden Administration) has recently released the National Security Strategy. It is a document prepared periodically by the US Government (Executive) that lists the national security concerns and how the Administration plans to deal with them. The Government is legally bound to present the document to the US Congress… Continue reading Need for a National Security Doctrine for India – Explained, pointwise

Waste to Energy Plants: Benefits and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Union Home Minister recently inaugurated a Waste to Energy Plant at Tughlakabad in New Delhi. The plant is expected to treat 2000 metric tonnes of waste in the national capital per day. The plant will generate 5 MegaWatts (MW) of energy. The Union Home Minister said the the plant… Continue reading Waste to Energy Plants: Benefits and Concerns – Explained, pointwise

CCI (Competition Commission of India): Provisions, Working and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Competition Commission of India (CCI) recently passed two separate orders against the tech giant Google. The two orders imposed penalty of INR 1337 crore and INR 937 crore (total INR 2237 crore) on Google for abuse of dominant market position. CCI also issued list of corrective measures for Google… Continue reading CCI (Competition Commission of India): Provisions, Working and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

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[Kurukshetra October Summary] Promoting Women Agripreneurship – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Women entrepreneurs, especially women agripreneurs, represent the fastest growing category of entrepreneurship worldwide and India is no exception. By starting the business enterprises, women agripreneurs have demonstrated strong willpower, skills, risk-taking attitude and appetite for hard work, with grit and determination to succeed. Since 2016, the Start-up India, Stand-up India… Continue reading [Kurukshetra October Summary] Promoting Women Agripreneurship – Explained, pointwise

Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Climate change is the greatest global health threat facing the world in the 21st century. Lancet Countdown is an international, multidisciplinary collaboration, dedicated to monitoring the evolving health profile of climate change. It provides an independent assessment of the delivery of commitments made by governments worldwide under the Paris Agreement.… Continue reading Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change – Explained, pointwise

Ban on Conversion Therapy – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The National Medical Commission (NMC) recently sent a letter to all of the State Medical Councils in India. In the letter, it has declared that Conversion Therapy is illegal and has classified it as a ‘profession misconduct’. It has also granted the State organisations the authority to take disciplinary action against… Continue reading Ban on Conversion Therapy – Explained, pointwise

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[Kurukshetra October Summary] Skills for Agri-Entrepreneurship – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Agriculture offers several opportunities for entrepreneurship. There are many new prospects in the agribusiness sector like packaging, provision of raw materials, exports of agricultural products and other related industries. High-skilled workers’ perspectives are changing as a result of increased micro-financing, relaxed government regulations, access to cutting-edge technology and guidance in… Continue reading [Kurukshetra October Summary] Skills for Agri-Entrepreneurship – Explained, pointwise

Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT): Advantages and Way Forward – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has praised the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) Scheme, calling it a ‘logistical marvel‘ that has reached hundreds of millions of people. An IMF Deputy Director said that DBT programme has helped people with low income levels especially women and the elderly praising the technological innovation… Continue reading Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT): Advantages and Way Forward – Explained, pointwise

Nobel Prize in Economics 2022 – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Nobel Prize in Economics 2022 has been awarded to American Economists Ben Bernanke, Douglas W. Diamond and Philip H. Dybvig. They have been awarded the Nobel for their research on banks and financial crises. Their works laid the groundwork for most of the research undertaken in the field of… Continue reading Nobel Prize in Economics 2022 – Explained, pointwise

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Impact of Climate Change on Monetary Policy – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The devastating effects of climate change are becoming increasingly evident. The Monsoon rainfall is becoming increasingly erratic. There is wide variation in regional distribution of rainfall, the frequency of extreme rainfall events is rising followed by prolonged dry spells. This year, the regions of East Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand… Continue reading Impact of Climate Change on Monetary Policy – Explained, pointwise

India Taiwan Relationship – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Two recent developments have brought the India Taiwan Relationship into focus. The first was the China-Taiwan crisis precipitated by the visit of Speaker of the US House of Representatives to Taiwan in early August 2022. The ensuing crisis and possibility of Chinese invasion on Taiwan led to worries about disruption… Continue reading India Taiwan Relationship – Explained, pointwise

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Oil Production in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India’s domestic crude oil production has been on a consistent decline. In FY2021-22, it slipped to 28.4 million metric tonnes (MMT). This is the lowest domestic oil production in over two decades. India is the third-largest consumer of oil in the world. Low domestic oil production forces India to meet… Continue reading Oil Production in India – Explained, pointwise

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[Yojana October Summary] Green Telecom – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction With the advent of 5G Technology it is expected that there will be significant rise in towers, small cells and BT Stations (Base Transceiver). It is feared that it will result in accelerating Green House Gas (GHG) and Carbon emissions, contributing to global warming. To reduce the adverse effect on… Continue reading [Yojana October Summary] Green Telecom – Explained, pointwise

Nobel Prizes 2022 in Sciences – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Nobel Prizes 2022 have been announced. The Prizes have been awarded for pioneering research in various fields in sciences and for efforts in furthering peace. About the Nobel Prize The first Nobel Prizes were awarded in Stockholm, Sweden in 1901 on the 5th death anniversary of Alfred Nobel. Swedish… Continue reading Nobel Prizes 2022 in Sciences – Explained, pointwise

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Issues with Local Governance in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction It is almost 30 years since the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts, creating the new Local Governance Framework in India, were made operational in April 1993. The Acts, focused on enabling democratic decentralization, have provisions that devolved a range of powers and responsibilities to local elected bodies and made… Continue reading Issues with Local Governance in India – Explained, pointwise

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Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Forestry: FAO Report – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Forests are host to most of Earth’s terrestrial biodiversity.  Tropical rainforests alone account for 50% of the terrestrial species. The conservation of the world’s biodiversity is therefore crucially dependent on the way the forests are utilized. The role of forests in maintaining biodiversity is explicitly recognized by the United Nations… Continue reading Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Forestry: FAO Report – Explained, pointwise

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[Kurukshetra October Summary] Artificial Intelligence in Agripreneurship (AI in Agriculture) – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The need to increase agriculture production has become immense as the population is rising at a fast pace. Technology has made significant inroads in the field of agriculture. The growth of start-ups in the field is helping to increase the production and efficiency even for small landholdings. Artificial Intelligence as… Continue reading [Kurukshetra October Summary] Artificial Intelligence in Agripreneurship (AI in Agriculture) – Explained, pointwise

CSR, Corporate Social Responsibility in India: Provisions, Status and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India is one of the first country in the world to impose a statutory obligation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) for corporations through the Companies Act, 2013. India is perhaps the only country that makes both the spending and reporting of CSR obligations mandatory. The Government has also made it… Continue reading CSR, Corporate Social Responsibility in India: Provisions, Status and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

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India’s Approach to Multilateralism – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The External Affairs Minister (EAM) of India visited the United Nations (UN) for the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in September 2022. At the session, the EAM reiterated the need for ‘reformed multilateralism‘ through which the United Nations Security Council should reform itself into a more inclusive… Continue reading India’s Approach to Multilateralism – Explained, pointwise

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India’s Overseas Development Cooperation – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction As India is developing and modernising, the Government of India is improving its efforts to help the poorer nations across the world, both towards ending poverty and improving living standards. India’s role in international overseas development cooperation and partnership has undergone significant transformation over the past years. India is now… Continue reading India’s Overseas Development Cooperation – Explained, pointwise

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Circular Economy: Meaning, Benefits and Opportunities – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction Technology has fundamentally altered the ways of working and living in the modern civilisation. The economic growth models are extremely resource intensive. The ecological footprint has risen sharply in the last few decades. The pace of consumption of resources has exceeded the earth’s bio-capacity to regenerate the resources. Environmentalists are… Continue reading Circular Economy: Meaning, Benefits and Opportunities – Explained, pointwise

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Services Sector in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The services sector is the most dominant sector of Indian economy in terms of the GDP. It has also attracted significant foreign investment, and is major contributor to India’s exports. It also provides employment to ~30% of India’s workforce. Services sector in India covers a wide variety of activities such… Continue reading Services Sector in India – Explained, pointwise

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CDS, Chief of Defence Staff: Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Government has appointed Lt. General Anil Chauhan as the next Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) of India. The post has been vacant since the death of the country’s first CDS Gen. Bipin Rawat in a helicopter crash in December 2021. The appointment has been welcomed by defence experts. It… Continue reading CDS, Chief of Defence Staff: Benefits and Challenges – Explained, pointwise

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Draft Telecommunication Bill, 2022 – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Department of Telecommunications (DoT), under the Union Ministry of Communications has released the Draft Telecommunication Bill, 2022 for public comments. The Bill seeks to replace the colonial era legislation that regulated the sector, the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885. Experts have praised the Bill for some progressive steps. At the… Continue reading Draft Telecommunication Bill, 2022 – Explained, pointwise

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United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Reforms – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction India’s External Affairs Minister (EAM) visited the United Nations (UN) for the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in September 2022. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Reform was the main agenda of Indias’ EAM. In his address to the UNGA, the EAM said that the need… Continue reading United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Reforms – Explained, pointwise

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[Yojana September Summary] Ushering Investments (in J&K) – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The Government had changed the status of Jammu and Kashmir 3 years ago. The region was reorganised into Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh. The long-term strategy of the Government is transform the region and enable its economy to reach its full potential. The Government… Continue reading [Yojana September Summary] Ushering Investments (in J&K) – Explained, pointwise

Tourism Sector in India – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction A three-day National Conference of Tourism Ministers of States was held for the first time in Dharmsala (Himachal Pradesh) recently. The purpose of the Conference was to discuss, debate, and deliberate on modes and mechanisms to develop tourism sector in India. The meeting came up with ‘Dharamshala Declaration‘. The Dharamshala… Continue reading Tourism Sector in India – Explained, pointwise

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Logistics Sector in India and National Logistics Policy – Explained, pointwise

For 7PM Editorial Archives click HERE → Introduction The World Bank Logistics Performance Index 2018 (latest available) had ranked India 44th out of 160 nations. China and Vietnam did better than India with 26th and 39th ranks respectively. India’s Logistics Sector performed poorly on Customs (efficiency of clearing process/speed, simplicity etc.) and Infrastructure sub-indices of the Index. Poor… Continue reading Logistics Sector in India and National Logistics Policy – Explained, pointwise

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